|OBJECTIVE||Discover the water cycle is more complex than just from the ground to the atmosphere.|
|OVERVIEW||Students will act as water molecules and travel through parts of the water cycle.|
|TOTAL TIME||40 minutes|
|SUPPLIES||A die for each student or each pair of students (or some device where a random number from 1 through 6 can be generated).
|PRINTED/AV MATERIAL||Station cards (3 mb) for each station in the water cycle.
Water cycle worksheet (for each student).
|TEACHER PREPARATION||Before the exercise, print the front and back sides of each station card on its own sheet. Cut out each of the six cards for each station.|
|SAFETY FOCUS||Flash Flood Safety|
At its basic, water moves from the ground to the atmosphere and then returns to the ground. However, the actual path water may take in its cycle is far more complicated. There are many sub-cycles within the main overall circulation.
- Around the classroom, select locations to represent different stations in the water cycle. Place the numbered cards (1-6) face-up at each station.
- Distribute a die to each student or pair of students. Distribute a worksheet for each student.
- Distribute the students to different portions of the water cycle by:
- Placing one-half of students at the 'Oceans' station.
- Evenly spreading the remaining students across the other stations except for the 'plants' station.
- Have each student circle their starting location on their worksheet.
- Each student is to roll their die.
- Based upon the number rolled, the student turns over that card to determine their progress in the water cycle.
- If told to move, have the students move to their new location. On their worksheet, draw an arrow from their starting location to their current position. Label that arrowhead with a number one (1).
- If told to stay at their current position, have the students place a number one (1) inside their drawn circle.
- Repeat steps 5 and 6.
- If told to move, have the students move to their new location. On their worksheet, draw an arrow from their previous location to their current position. Label that arrowhead with a number one (2).
- If told to stay at their current position, have the students place a comma and a number two (2) beside their number one (1).
- Repeat the procedure up to a total of ten (10) times.
|Water Source||Percent of
|Glaciers & Snow||2.14%||2,140|
|Rivers & Lakes||0.017%||17|
While this exercise is to be somewhat realistic, in actuality it is far more complicated to leave the ocean via evaporation due to the fact that nearly all of the earth's water is confined to the oceans. To truly represent the water cycle we would need approximately 100,000 people located at each station as seen in the table (at right).
Not only would there be over 97,000 people who represented the ocean, it would take close to 3,600 rolls of the die before just one person would move to the atmosphere station via evaporation.
This exercise also does not take into consideration human and animal interactions with the water cycle. The water we and animals consume is stored and then eventually eliminated or it evaporates (via perspiration).
Flash floods are the deadliest natural disaster in the world. They are caused by stationary or slow-moving thunderstorms that produce heavy rain over a small area. Hilly and mountainous areas are especially vulnerable to flash floods, where steep terrain and narrow canyons can funnel heavy rain into small creeks and dry ravines, turning them into raging walls of water. Even on the prairie, normally-dry low spots can fill with rushing water during very heavy rain.
Take time to develop a flood safety plan-for home, work, or school, and wherever you spend time during the summer. The National Weather Service has additional information about flood safety and a brochure "Floods and Flash Floods...The Awesome Power".
When traveling or outdoors:
- Keep track of the counties, towns, rivers, and creeks along and near your route, so you will know if you are near a flood prone area.
- Take a weather radio with you wherever you go.
- Check the weather forecast before a trip or outdoor activity. Postpone your plans if flooding is forecast.
- Choose campsites AWAY from creeks and other low-lying areas.
- Be especially cautious at night, when dangerous rising water is more difficult to detect.
- Find out how to get local warning information, such as outdoor warning sirens or cable TV, or the NOAA Weather Radio.