Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Aberdeen, SD

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000
FXUS63 KABR 200910
AFDABR

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Aberdeen SD
410 AM CDT WED JUL 20 2016

.SHORT TERM...(Today through Friday Afternoon)
Issued at 409 AM CDT WED JUL 20 2016

There has been a rapid increase in stratus across the eastern CWA
over the past two hours as low level moisture is abundant. Models
not really picking up on this though. Web cams show mainly just low
clouds with only Summit seeing fog for the time being. Will continue
to monitor fog potential as it`s certainly a possibility.

Main story continues to be the heat and humidity, with the peak of
the heat wave expected today as temps soar into the upper 90s and
100s across the CWA. Dewpoints will remain the highest over the
eastern CWA where conditions will feel more uncomfortable. Although,
heat indices everywhere will range from 100 to 110 degrees today.
Will continue will the excessive heat warning, but will soon have to
re-evaluate possible headlines changes for Thursday as slightly
cooler air works into the northern CWA. On a side note for today, RH
values drop into the teens across fire weather zone 267, although
winds will be fairly light so do not anticipate any fire weather
headlines. Concerning precipitation for today, have added slight
chance pops to the northwest CWA as frontal boundary approaches late
this afternoon. Hi-res models indicating possibility for a few
isolated showers roaming across north central SD around 00Z this
evening.

As previously mentioned, slightly cooler air looks to work into the
area on Thursday in the wake of the passing frontal boundary. Heat
indices may only reach the mid to upper 90s over the northern CWA on
Thursday, with the northeast CWA remaining in the low to mid 90s for
heat indices on Friday. Will have to make some decisions on headline
changes by this time if it feels appropriate as some areas may stay
below that 100 degree threshold. All-in-all though, conditions look
to stay hot all the way through the short term period, with just
minimal chances for precipitation.

.LONG TERM...(Friday Evening through Tuesday)
Issued at 409 AM CDT WED JUL 20 2016

The period opens Friday night with a cold fropa in progress. It`s
entirely possible that the warm mid-level capping inversion, which
has been in place over the region for most of the week, will
prohibit thunderstorms from developing/building down into this cwa
Friday night as well. However, should the capping inversion be
overcome, the amount of deep layer shear and instability presently
forecast to be around Friday night suggests severe convection could
be possible, in particular, across the northern tier counties of
north central and northeast South Dakota and west central Minnesota,
anchored on that frontal boundary as it progresses east-southeast
through the region.

In the post cold fropa environment, the heat dome has gone away and
temperatures throughout the period should return to something more
closely resembling climo normal for mid/late July; highs in the mid
80s to low 90s and lows in the low 60s.

The upper level ridge is displaced by quasi-zonal flow and a return
to somewhat stronger westerlies aloft with a few shortwaves
propagating along within them. The warmer mid-level capping
inversion temperatures also take a backseat, leaving the door open
for a few opportunities for convection/meaningful precipitation
chances in the out periods. Superblend guidance temps/pops were
accepted as is this morning.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Wednesday Night)
Issued at 1254 AM CDT WED JUL 20 2016

So far, short term guidance has yet to latch on to the stratus
clouds developing/streaming up over the prairie coteau (KATY)
early this morning. Per satellite trends, sub-vfr stratus will
likely be sticking around at KATY well into the morning. Not sure
if the stratus will expand over to include KABR for a few hours
this morning, but will continue to monitor. Otherwise, expect VFR
conditions to prevail across the area through the day Wednesday.

&&

.ABR Watches/Warnings/Advisories...
SD...Excessive Heat Warning until 7 PM CDT /6 PM MDT/ Friday for
     SDZ003>006-009-010-015>018-033>037-045-048-051.

     Excessive Heat Warning from 1 PM this afternoon to 7 PM CDT Friday
     for SDZ007-008-011-019>023.

MN...Excessive Heat Warning from 1 PM this afternoon to 7 PM CDT Friday
     for MNZ039-046.

&&

$$

SHORT TERM...TMT
LONG TERM...Dorn
AVIATION...Dorn


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