Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 200928
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
427 AM EST MON NOV 20 2017


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID NOV 20/1200 UTC THRU NOV 23/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1

UPDATE FOR THE 12Z QPF ISSUANCE: MINOR CHANGES WERE MADE...MAINLY
TO THE FIRST 6 HOURLY PERIOD...TO ADJUST FOR THE MOST RECENT HRRR
INFORMATION...AS WELL AS RADAR TRENDS.


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST/NORTHERN AND CENTRAL ROCKIES...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OFF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST COAST EARLY ON
DAY 1 WEAKENS AS IT CROSSES THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL ROCKIES
DURING THE SECOND PART OF THE PERIOD. THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY
INTERACTS WITH DEEP PACIFIC MOISTURE THAT BECOMES FOCUSED ON THE
HIGHER TERRAIN BY A STRONG LOW LEVEL FLOW TO PRODUCE HEAVY TO
LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL...MAINLY OVER SOUTHWEST OR AND
NORTHWEST CA. THERE WAS FAIRLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE
OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...WHICH RESULTED IN A SOUTHWARD PROGRESSION
OF THE HIGHEST QPF FOR DAY 1 INTO NORTHERN CA. THE WPC QPF WAS
BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z GFS/12Z ECMWF...AUGMENTED BY THE 00Z
HREF MEAN/NBM TO BETTER DELINEATE HIGHER TERRAIN QPF MAXIMA.

THE FIRST SLUG OF DEEP PACIFIC MOISTURE IS EXPECTED TO AFFECT
SOUTHERN WA/NORTHERN OR DURING THE FIRST PART OF DAY 1. A 55 TO 65
KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 0.75/1.00 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ONTO THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE OR COASTAL
RANGE...MAINLY BEFORE 20/18Z. THE STRONG UPSLOPE FLOW...AUGMENTED
BY MARGINAL INSTABILITY (DEPICTED AS MUCAPE VALUES BETWEEN 100 AND
250 J/KG BY THE 00Z HREF MEAN)...IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE AN AXIS OF
1.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE OR COASTAL RANGE. FURTHER INLAND
ACROSS THE OR CASCADES...THE UPSLOPE FLOW IS MORE EFFICIENT...AND
THE LOW LEVEL FLOW IS MORE PERPENDICULAR TO THE TERRAIN. THERE WAS
A MULTI HIGH RESOLUTION SIGNAL FOR 2.50 TO 3.25 INCHES OF QPF OVER
THE CENTRAL OR CASCADES...WHERE MINIMAL INSTABILITY COULD PRODUCE
AT LEAST SOME CONVECTIVE ELEMENTS TO THE PRECIPITATION CHARACTER.

THE FOCUS FOR HEAVY RAINFALL DROPS SOUTH AFTER 20/18Z...WHERE A 40
TO 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTH SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.25 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) ACROSS FAR SOUTHWEST OR INTO NORTHWEST
CA. THE SOURCE FOR THIS MOISTURE PLUME CAN BE TRACED BACK TO SOUTH
OF HI...
AND THE LOW LEVEL FLOW FOCUSES THIS MOISTURE ON THE HIGHER
TERRAIN. MODEL SOUNDINGS FROM THE 00Z GFS SHOWED MARGINAL
INSTABILITY IN THE COLUMN EMBEDDED IN THE PACIFIC MOISTURE PLUME
(WITH MUCAPE BETWEEN 100 AND 250 J/KG)...WHICH AUGMENTS THE STRONG
UPSLOPE FLOW.

THERE WAS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 4.00 TO 5.25 INCHES OF QPF
ACROSS FAR SOUTHWEST OR AND NORTHWEST CA...WHICH REPRESENTS A
SOUTHWARD DISPLACEMENT FROM THE PREVIOUS MODEL SOLUTIONS. THE BEST
LIFT AND HIGHEST RAINFALL RATES ARE EXPECTED BETWEEN 20/18Z AND
21/06Z...DURING WHICH TIME FLOODING IS POSSIBLE...ESPECIALLY IN
BURN SCAR AREAS...POSSIBLY RESULTING IN ROCK SLIDES. A SLIGHT RISK
WAS PLACED OVER NORTHWEST CA AND FAR SOUTHWEST OR ON DAY 1 AS A
RESULT.

AS THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSES THE NORTHERN ROCKIES DURING THE
SECOND HALF OF DAY 1...THE PACIFIC MOISTURE PLUME REMAINS AT LEAST
PARTIALLY INTACT...AS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES RISE TO BETWEEN
0.50 AND 0.75 INCHES. 00Z GFS MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL
INSTABILITY AS LAPSE RATES STEEPEN...AND THE COMBINATION OF
MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY WILL MAKE THE MOST OF THE MOISTURE IN THE
COLUMN. AREAS OF 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES OF QPF WERE PLACED OVER THE
SAWTOOTH RANGE AND THE NORTHERN BITTERROOTS IN ID...AS WELL AS THE
GRAND TETONS IN WY. LOWERING SNOW LEVELS SHOULD PRECLUDE THE
POTENTIAL FOR FLASH FLOODING...EVEN WITH THE POTENTIAL FOR
ISOLATED CONVECTION.

FINALLY...AS THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSES THE CENTRAL
ROCKIES...THE MOISTURE PLUME IS NOT AS ROBUST AS IN THE NORTHERN
PLAINS. HOWEVER...STEEPENING LAPSE RATES AND UPSLOPE FLOW SHOULD
COMPENSATE...PRODUCING LOCAL 0.25 TO 0.50 INCH QPF AMOUNTS OVER
THE BIG HORN RANGE IN WY...AS WELL AS THE NORTHERN CO ROCKIES.

HEAVY SNOWFALL IS EXPECTED OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE NORTHERN
ROCKIES. PLEASE REFER TO THE MOST RECENT SUITE OF WPC WINTER
WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...NORTHERN PLAINS/GREAT LAKES....

FAVORABLE LAKE EFFECT CONDITIONS ACROSS THE LOWER GREAT LAKES ON
DAY 1 WILL RESULT IN QPF DOWNWIND OF LAKES ERIE AND
ONTARIO...MAINLY DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THE PERIOD. A
STRENGTHENING SHORT WAVE DIVING OUT OF CENTRAL CANADA INTO THE
UPPER GREAT LAKES WILL DRAG A COLD FRONT ACROSS THE NORTHERN
PLAINS AND UPPER GREAT LAKES...MAINLY DURING THE SECOND HALF OF
THE PERIOD. THERE WAS GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH RESPECT TO THE
SYNOPTIC SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
GFS/12Z ECMWF. THE 00Z NAM/HREF MEAN WERE USED TO BETTER DELINEATE
THE LAKE EFFECT PRECIPITATION OVER THE LOWER GREAT LAKES.

ONGOING LAKE EFFECT CIRCULATIONS ACROSS THE LOWER GREAT LAKES ARE
SUPPORTED BY REASONABLY DEEP MIXED LAYERS (REACHING BETWEEN 750
AND 700 MB DURING THE FIRST PART OF THE PERIOD). THE WEST
NORTHWEST BOUNDARY LAYER FLOW IS CROSSING THE SHORT AXES OF LAKES
ERIE AND ONTARIO...BUT AS THE FLOW BACKS WITH TIME...THE LAKE
EFFECT SNOW CIRCULATIONS SHOULD BECOME MORE WEST/EAST ORIENTED.
THIS IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE LOCAL 0.25 TO 0.50 INCH QPF AMOUNTS
DOWNWIND OF LAKE ONTARIO...WITH THE HIGHEST AMOUNTS IN THE HIGHER
TERRAIN.

FURTHER WEST...A STRONG SHORT WAVE DIVING OUT OF ALBERTA DURING
THE FIRST PART OF THE PERIOD EVOLVES INTO A LONG WAVE TROUGH THAT
CROSSES THE NORTHERN PLAINS AND UPPER GREAT LAKES...MAINLY AFTER
21/00Z. SURFACE LOW PRESSURE ASSOCIATED WITH THE TROUGH IS
EXPECTED TO REMAIN NORTH OF THE BORDER...BUT A COLD FRONT
ASSOCIATED WITH THE LOW CROSSES MN/WI AFTER 21/0Z. GENERALLY LIGHT
QPF AMOUNTS (UNDER 0.10 INCHES) ARE EXPECTED IN THESE AREAS WITH
THE FRONTAL PASSAGE.


...FL...

A DEEP EASTERLY FLOW ALONG AND NORTH OF A SLOWING FRONT BOUNDARY
ACROSS SOUTH FL DURING DAY 1 WILL ACT AS A FOCUS FOR MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY TO FEED CONVECTION CAPABLE OF PRODUCING HEAVY
RAINFALL. THERE WAS GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE PLACEMENT OF THE
FRONT...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED PRIMARILY ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
GFS/12Z ECMWF.

A SLOWING COLD FRONT BECOMES NEARLY STATIONARY ACROSS FAR SOUTH FL
DURING DAY 1. ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE FRONT...A DEEPENING EASTERLY
FLOW WILL FOCUS 1.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR AND MARGINAL TO
MODERATE INSTABILITY OVER FAR SOUTH FL...MAINLY AFTER 21/00Z. THE
00Z HREF MEAN SHOWED MUCAPE VALUES BETWEEN 1000/1500 J/KG OVER FAR
SOUTH FL AND THE KEYS BETWEEN 21/06Z AND 21/12Z...WHEN THE BEST
CONVECTION IS EXPECTED. AN AREA OF ABOUT AN INCH OF QPF WAS PLACED
OVER THESE AREAS.

MOST OF THE 00Z HIGH RESOLUTION GUIDANCE SHOWED MAXIMUM QPF
AMOUNTS BETWEEN 1.50 AND 2.00 INCHES OF QPF OVER FAR SOUTH FL...AS
THE FRONT MOVES SLOWLY NORTH AS A WARM FRONT. THE 00Z WRF ARW
SHOWED AMOUNTS OVER 5.00 INCHES NORTH OF KMIA...BUT THIS COULD BE
HIGH...CONSIDERING THAT PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES DO NOT APPEAR AS
THOUGH THEY TOP 1.50 INCHES.



DAYS 2/3...

WPC QPF IS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z GFS/ECMWF/UKMET.


...NORTHWEST...

LOW PRESSURE OVER THE NORTHEAST PACIFIC ALLOWS A TROPICAL PLUME OF
MOISTURE TO SHIFT INTO THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST. THIS ATMOSPHERIC
RIVER IS QUITE ANOMALOUS WITH 1.25 INCH PW REACHING THE OR/WA
SHORE TUESDAY MORNING. THIS MOISTURE IS THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS
ABOVE NORMAL AND THE FORCING FROM THE LOW LEVEL JET AND TOPOGRAPHY
MAKES FOR ENHANCED RAINFALL OVER THE OLYMPICS AND NORTHERN
CASCADES. SEVERAL INCHES ARE EXPECTED IN THIS AREA WITH SLIGHT
RISKS FOR BOTH DAYS 2 (12Z TUE-12Z WED) AND 3 (12Z WED-12Z THU)
FOR THE OLYMPICS.


...GREAT LAKES INTO THE NORTHEAST...

AN ARCTIC STREAM SHORTWAVE DIGGING SOUTHEAST FROM NORTHWEST CANADA
WILL AMPLIFY OVER SOUTHERN CANADA THROUGH TUESDAY AND DRIVE
STRENGTHENING LOW PRESSURE ACROSS THE REGION. A TRAILING COLD
FRONT WILL DIVE SOUTHEAST ACROSS THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL GREAT
PLAINS AND MIDWEST. MOISTURE WILL BE HIGHLY LIMITED AHEAD OF THIS
SYSTEM...BUT SOME LIGHT PRECIPITATION IS PROBABLE FROM NORTHERN MN
INTO THE GREAT LAKES.

THIS LOW THEN DEVELOPS A COASTAL LOW OFF THE MID-ATLANTIC COAST
WEDNESDAY...MOVING OFF NEW ENGLAND WEDNESDAY NIGHT.


...GULF COAST/FL PENINSULA...

LONGWAVE TROUGHING WILL BUILD INTO THE EAST TUESDAY INTO
WEDNESDAY. WEAK SUBTLE SHORTWAVES AT THE BASE OF THIS TROUGH
SHOULD HELP AID IN SOME CONVECTIVE ACTIVITY OVER THE GULF COAST
REGION TUESDAY INTO WEDNESDAY. A MAJORITY OF THIS ACTIVITY SHOULD
STAY OVER THE GULF...HOWEVER COULD SEE SOME SCATTERED SHOWERS
RIGHT ALONG THE TX/LA COASTS TUESDAY INTO EARLY WEDNESDAY. WILL
ALSO WATCH THE FLORIDA PENINSULA...WHERE MORE ORGANIZED SHOWERS
AND EMBEDDED THUNDERSTORMS ARE POSSIBLE. A BIT MORE PRONOUNCED OF
A WAVE AND POSSIBLE WEAK SURFACE REFLECTION SHOULD MOVE ACROSS
TUESDAY...WITH SOME RIGHT ENTRANCE UPPER JET DYNAMICS IN PLAY AS
WELL.

HAYES/JACKSON

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML



24HR QP VT 21/12Z
 0.01 543006 544996 544985 544968 541949 538931 532902 529883
      528873 527862 525845 524827 520808 516792 511780 508776
      505772 499768 495766 481768 478772 475777 475786 477791
      482807 486823 487831 488835 487838 483839 479837 477835
      475835 472833 468833 466835 464836 466839 466846 469852
      473855 477858 480862 483868 486876 487880 486884 485894
      479918 477922 477926 479929 479934 482940 486947 489959
      494970 497978 500983 503990 505993 505998 507013 509017
      513021 519025 524026 535023 540016 543006
 0.01 509162 509155 508151 505146 504141 503132 500121 499116
      497111 492101 486093 479086 475079 472074 470071 466063
      465059 465053 464047 463045 461043 457040 453038 445033
      441030 435030 434041 434047 436051 437058 435064 432071
      434076 438078 446084 448089 443090 435088 430088 427086
      423087 421090 424095 424101 420102 416103 411101 410095
      407093 404098 403105 402109 400110 396112 394114 397115
      400118 405119 409126 415132 413139 410141 403149 400152
      398160 398168 398172 396174 393176 392179 395182 398181
      400181 402184 403186 405187 406190 406194 407200 405203
      399201 394198 387193 382190 378189 377193 377198 382206
      384209 385215 383219 381222 378224 375228 373243 374256
      373269 373275 374278 375283 377288 379291 381293 389297
      399302 404304 409303 414301 417296 422297 426295 433291
      439286 450277 454274 457278 459282 463284 468275 470267
      472262 476251 480240 484232 489227 495221 497216 500209
      502194 505179 503168 509162
 0.01 473887 473882 473878 473875 471873 469875 469878 469883
      468885 466888 466893 467898 467900 468900 470898 472893
      472890 473887
 0.01 456707 455702 453702 452705 448706 447707 444710 442711
      440714 438717 440720 443719 446717 450717 452716 453713
      454710 456707
 0.01 456796 456787 454781 453775 451772 448768 442767 443761
      445752 445744 446742 445740 444737 441737 430745 428750
      428755 427765 426772 420782 418789 418797 419806 422806
      427793 430788 429780 428777 428774 429770 431773 436783
      440789 442796 443804 438806 436808 436813 437816 440818
      449816 453821 455825 457825 456818 456810 455803 456796
 0.01 445730 444727 443729 440728 438726 435726 432726 428727
      426729 425732 427732 429734 433733 436733 439732 443731
      445730
 0.01 443771 443769 441767 441769 441772 442773 443771
 0.01 428061 427058 423055 415052 410051 406052 397053 389057
      386060 385065 390073 392076 395079 400079 404078 409078
      413077 416075 419071 420065 424063 428061
 0.01 402687 401674 400668 398662 395659 392661 387668 386673
      387680 390693 391696 393704 394710 396715 397721 399721
      400716 400709 399703 400697 402687
 0.01 302810 300810 299809 298808 297808 295807 293807 291807
      289807 289808 291810 293810 295811 297811 299811 300811
      302811 302810
 0.01 301861 300851 298847 295846 291845 287842 283833 281830
      277829 274828 270828 258829 252830 249826 250821 252819
      254816 258815 276807 282803 280795 274787 271779 268770
      269767 266766 261766 259768 255777 248790 241805 237813
      235815 234819 232824 232828 233832 236834 240836 241840
      238846 237851 237857 236861 238866 239869 242871 251871
      270867 280866 287868 294874 298876 299874 300867 301861
 0.01 294887 293883 289879 281879 279877 277879 277884 276888
      275892 273894 269896 266900 265913 268917 272919 277919
      283917 290912 292907 293901 293895 294887 294887
 0.01 290962 291954 287949 283948 277952 274953 271951 268943
      265939 263937 259937 255937 254939 250945 248951 248960
      248968 248972 250976 252980 254978 255974 268975 274974
      281972 286969 290962 290962
 0.25 528981 528974 527965 525946 524937 524928 524915 523906
      520866 518850 515832 513824 511820 507820 506823 503829
      501834 500842 498851 498860 498865 498870 496876 495880
      497883 500888 502895 503904 504913 506921 513952 515966
      520983 522987 524990 527989 528985 528981
 0.25 495151 495145 494141 491135 485130 478126 474125 472123
      465121 459123 457123 454125 449129 443130 439140 434143
      430144 428148 429154 426154 426151 426147 423143 421144
      420147 421151 419152 415153 414155 411159 410162 411167
      410173 411176 415179 417174 413172 413170 416168 420168
      426170 432174 435177 436184 437192 439199 440203 442205
      445206 447200 452193 453185 455186 462183 468179 473176
      477172 484168 487166 487161 484154 486151 487151 492153
      495151
 0.25 482214 484211 483209 480208 473210 469212 463209 460206
      457209 453213 450213 445212 441210 438207 435206 433208
      428207 425203 418199 414197 411199 410205 407209 398204
      390199 383197 383201 385205 391212 397219 402223 386228
      383232 383237 385246 387257 388262 388268 387279 389287
      393292 396295 404297 409294 413286 415284 418283 422283
      431282 442272 444269 447263 446256 449253 456249 460244
      463238 464232 465226 467225 474218 482214
 0.25 481145 480143 479142 478142 477141 476141 475142 474144
      475144 476145 478145 480146 481145
 0.25 466115 467112 467109 466106 462100 458100 456098 450094
      445095 441094 436094 429092 427095 428099 429101 427102
      421107 423112 417113 415116 422119 427123 433121 438118
      440117 443118 454115 456112 459112 465115 466115
 0.25 451178 451177 449176 448175 447174 446174 444174 443176
      444178 445179 447179 449179 450180 451178
 0.25 452080 453078 451076 450075 448074 446072 445070 443070
      442069 441069 440072 441073 442074 443075 444076 445077
      446078 448080 449081 451082 452080
 0.25 438760 438758 437756 435756 434758 434760 434761 434762
      434763 435765 436766 437765 437763 437762 438760
 0.25 431164 431163 431161 431159 430157 429157 427156 425156
      424155 424154 422155 423157 424160 425160 426163 428164
      429165 431164 431164
 0.25 410152 408151 407152 406152 405154 406155 408155 408154
      410153 410152
 0.25 416064 415062 414061 412060 411060 409060 408061 409061
      410063 412065 414066 416064 416064
 0.25 412071 412069 412068 410067 409066 409065 407065 405065
      403065 401066 401067 401069 399070 398071 398074 399075
      401074 403072 405071 406072 408072 410072 412071 412071
 0.25 407058 405057 404056 403056 402055 401055 401058 402058
      404059 405059 407058
 0.25 397062 397060 397059 395059 393061 392064 393066 394065
      396064 397062
 0.25 282858 282854 280852 276850 274847 268844 263841 260839
      255839 253841 250845 249847 250853 256855 264856 273857
      279859 282858
 0.25 263805 264796 262788 259784 256785 255787 253792 249796
      246801 244807 244810 246814 250814 255812 261809 263805
 0.50 487139 486133 481131 474129 470124 465135 459137 457140
      456144 456149 459154 463161 464166 466169 465172 460173
      455175 452169 453157 449152 443148 439145 435147 433150
      432154 435160 437165 440169 448171 452176 454181 456183
      459182 464180 467174 470170 474167 478162 479157 478154
      474151 471146 470143 470140 477139 487139
 0.50 463223 463217 461214 455214 450215 447214 437212 425216
      418215 414213 409213 404211 398207 391202 385201 404226
      391229 385233 389241 395254 397263 397269 396276 393287
      394289 396292 400292 402289 406281 413279 419276 423275
      426272 430265 434257 438251 444246 450243 456240 459234
      457232 454232 451233 446231 448229 455226 460225 463223
 0.50 448187 448185 448182 446184 447187 448187 448187
 0.50 445111 442105 441103 440098 436098 432094 430094 429096
      431102 430104 427104 425105 425109 429112 434115 438112
      442113 445111
 0.50 424234 425232 424229 422229 422231 422232 423234 424234
 0.50 427208 426206 426205 424204 423203 422202 421202 419201
      418201 417201 416201 414201 412201 411202 412204 412205
      413207 415208 417208 418209 420210 422210 424210 425210
      427208
 0.50 261801 261799 259795 257794 255795 252798 250799 247800
      246803 246807 247809 249811 251810 254808 256807 260806
      261803 261801
 1.00 469157 468156 468155 467153 467152 466150 465149 464148
      463147 461148 461151 462152 463154 463155 465156 465157
      467158 468158 469157
 1.00 456219 454216 452217 444215 437216 435218 431219 425220
      422221 423224 430228 435230 440227 448226 454221 456219
 1.00 462178 462176 461175 459176 458177 457179 457180 459180
      461179 462178
 1.00 451237 450236 448235 446235 445235 444236 443236 441237
      440238 440239 442240 444240 446239 447239 448239 449238
      451237 451237
 1.00 447162 446160 445160 444157 443157 443156 441155 440156
      439158 440161 440162 442163 443163 445164 447162
 1.00 430246 429241 427238 423236 415228 413222 410218 405214
      403214 403218 407222 408224 406229 404230 401230 397232
      394233 394236 397242 403252 406255 411254 415251 421249
      426248 430246
 1.00 400213 398211 398210 397208 396208 395207 395209 395210
      396212 398214 400215 400213
 1.50 449222 447217 442216 438216 434220 431221 427222 425223
      430226 435226 438223 443224 448224 449222
 1.50 429243 424238 420235 415230 410228 407232 401232 400235
      397236 399241 403247 407248 413246 418245 425246 429243
 2.00 447219 445218 444217 442216 440216 439217 438218 437218
      436220 436222 438222 439221 441221 443220 445220 447219
 2.00 431224 430223 429223 428223 429224 430224 431224
 2.00 425244 427242 424239 421237 417234 413232 409232 406234
      402236 399239 401242 403244 405243 410242 413243 418243
      423245 425244
 3.00 425242 423239 420238 418236 414235 412236 409236 405236
      408239 409239 412240 415241 419241 422243 425242
 4.00 423241 422241 421240 419240 417238 416237 414237 412237
      411237 412238 414239 415240 417240 419240 421240 422241
      423241

24HR QP VT 22/12Z
 0.01 499324 498313 497307 495301 488307 484310 482310 471315
      463314 458312 455309 438297 431291 422287 404281 395278
      388282 382286 376286 371284 368281 366278 372274 375272
      374267 377261 383256 389248 394240 399232 408214 416213
      418209 419204 420197 421190 420185 417175 419159 420156
      420151 422140 423143 421146 422150 424152 426151 433145
      436136 438133 443132 445134 448135 450133 466129 470124
      479126 483126 486129 493135 496138 500141 504144 508146
      516151 519149 521145 521139 520133 518123 511107 508104
      503101 495105 492104 490106 486106 477104 475099 481095
      488093 490092 489088 490083 488078 489070 490054 494046
      497046 501049 507063 514082 523099 526102 529108 529114
      530118 531122 532129 534137 541154 545162 548167
 0.01 535781 533764 532749 529737 527733 527728 527720 527716
      527709 525696 522687 517677 512668 508664 504662 501663
      498667 492674 484687 483692 479696 472702 467704 464707
      457715 443727 435731 430737 425741 418747 415752 415758
      414772 412777 410781 407784 404786 401785 399788 392792
      383797 381805 378808 377813 377819 380824 392836 391846
      390850 390854 394856 396854 399853 399857 399862 400869
      402873 407873 411872 419865 421865 419862 421860 424862
      429862 426860 424857 426852 429848 430843 431837 433833
      441827 445827 448829 453837 452841 448843 443847 441855
      445859 448861 454861 458862 460866 462874 462882 460888
      459892 460898 463906 467906 469903 478887 481885 484884
      486886 486890 483902 478910 477915 481915 485909 489902
      492897 497896 500886 505878 512872 523858 526847 529838
      531828 532816 532804 533800 533795 533785 535781
 0.01 503134 502134 501131 500129 500128 498128 497125 496128
      498131 499134 501134 502135 503134
 0.01 479114 478111 474108 471105 466104 463102 460101 461106
      463109 465114 469115 472114 477114 479114
 0.01 455120 454113 455105 455098 452094 445093 441095 435094
      431092 428090 425091 426096 427101 423105 422107 422111
      421114 425115 427120 429123 434122 439121 444122 449119
      452119 455120
 0.01 432699 430697 427697 422699 419700 418696 420689 428681
      429678 429675 426674 423674 416676 411680 403686 399689
      393692 389690 387682 388679 385680 379681 371684 365686
      337693 326696 316700 311703 306705 294712 284718 279721
      273726 262733 255740 251747 248752 247756 247762 245768
      243773 242779 242783 244785 249787 249791 248793 244799
      239797 235798 233800 232804 234810 236812 235815 237819
      241829 245838 242849 240862 244876 245881 240883 237888
      236890 236894 237921 238926 239933 239940 241946 245958
      248972 248977 251980 257984 260988 276982 286978 288977
      289973 287966 297960 299958 299955 298952 298950 300948
      303948 305946 303941 300928 298922 296917 290907 285899
      280890 279883 282878 287875 290873 294872 297869 303866
      307863 310865 313864 311860 316856 319853 322847 319843
      319839 324831 321826 320823 321820 323816 326814 327812
      326807 329802 332798 340788 343790 347793 350798 352800
      355800 361799 365796 370795 373792 382784 389772 396764
      404755 412746 415743 418738 422729 426717 427711 429705
      432699
 0.01 427053 420052 415048 413045 410044 406044 405040 398030
      391029 389031 391034 388042 392046 397051 397054 395057
      392063 391066 393066 395066 399066 399071 397073 403074
      408072 413071 414069 418064 419059 421056 427054 427053
 0.01 409110 409108 409105 409103 408100 408098 408097 406095
      407093 406093 406095 406098 407100 407103 407105 407107
      409110 409110
 0.01 366816 364816 363816 361818 359821 360823 361823 363823
      365820 365818 366816 366816
 0.01 357832 355829 351826 349826 347831 346836 344840 345847
      349846 348842 349839 352839 354839 356835 357832
 0.01 349809 349807 347805 345805 344805 342807 342808 340810
      341812 342812 344810 346809 348809 349809 349809
 0.01 342825 340825 338823 336823 336824 338823 340825 342825
      342825
 0.25 525256 519251 516243 513236 511226 506213 503207 499202
      494196 488195 486193 487190 492186 495186 498187 503191
      512200 517206 520207 524211 527213 529212 533211 534207
      533199 532189 531181 527174 522169 516164 510161 502158
      500157 497154 495148 488136 485133 483132 475132 472133
      469136 465141 443148 438151 437156 439161 440169 440179
      438189 439196 441203 444205 448204 451202 451205 446211
      435217 430219 428226 431231 432234 431236 424234 421232
      416231 412229 409232 410239 409246 406251 398262 396264
      400267 408267 415267 422269 434274 440275 448278 454281
      463285 470288 477287 489287 494285 496284 500287 504288
      507290 511295
 0.25 521813 521803 521794 519788 516785 512784 508787 506791
      503800 499811 499817 499824 500832 502836 506836 509834
      514827 519819 521813
 0.25 489152 488151 486150 485149 485147 483146 481145 480145
      478145 476144 475144 473146 474147 476148 477149 478150
      479150 481152 482152 484152 486152 487152 489152
 0.25 444111 444108 444107 443106 442104 441103 439103 437103
      435103 434104 434105 433107 432109 433111 435113 436113
      438113 440113 442113 443112 444111
 0.25 410725 406726 404729 401735 397742 393748 387753 382757
      379761 383762 387761 390760 396754 401749 404743 406736
      409728 410725
 0.25 383722 382719 378719 371724 368723 365720 363714 361706
      358701 354698 350698 345699 332706 321714 316718 313722
      306732 296758 292762 287764 280765 277761 273762 272765
      269772 264783 267788 268794 266800 265804 267808 272811
      275813 275816 271821 266824 261827 257830 253842 250849
      247855 247858 249859 256861 266864 272863 280861 286860
      293862 296862 298859 301853 301850 304850 309847 310843
      312841 312839 309839 303843 301842 298839 296831 298826
      301820 305817 310814 315809 332790 346772 358763 361756
      364751 371742 378732 382726 383722
 0.25 377757 375756 373757 371758 370759 369761 368764 369766
      371767 372767 374765 376763 376762 377760 377759 377757
 0.25 296931 294924 290920 285915 282909 279902 275899 270899
      264902 259906 257911 257919 258927 260935 262941 262951
      266951 272947 279946 284947 286945 290941 294935 296931
 0.25 279819 277819 276820 277820 279819 279819
 0.50 522262 517255 514247 510230 506221 502213 498206 492201
      488200 482201 476202 472203 470205 467206 463204 459204
      456209 451215 447219 444221 444225 448229 445232 440237
      436245 432250 427242 424239 421236 416236 415239 414246
      412252 409254 407257 405259 407261 412258 415257 419256
      427257 434256 441256 444258 445262 449269 456276 462278
      468278 476278 483278 497277 500279 504279 509276 511273
      513277 517281
 0.50 524184 524178 521175 516174 513172 510169 508165 503165
      495166 491165 490162 486157 483155 479154 474152 470149
      465147 461148 458150 463171 465176 468179 474184 486174
      491173 496176 501182 518190 522189 524184
 0.50 484230 484227 482225 480225 479226 480228 480229 482230
      483230 484230
 0.50 484138 482137 480137 479136 477136 476136 477138 479138
      480138 482138 484138
 0.50 460180 460177 458175 455172 453167 452163 449159 446157
      443159 444164 446169 447174 449178 452182 457182 460180
 0.50 362733 361725 359718 358712 356705 352703 347705 340710
      331717 322722 316728 312731 310736 303756 299764 293771
      287779 282788 281792 278796 273803 276808 280811 284813
      290814 286820 280826 268829 263831 260835 258845 258852
      262855 266858 272858 278857 284857 289858 292856 296849
      295843 292838 291833 291828 291820 293816 299811 305808
      309805 316798 323793 330787 337779 340775 342770 345761
      351753 358743 362733
 0.50 290933 291930 290928 288925 283921 280914 279909 275908
      269909 265909 262913 264919 268924 272929 276936 281939
      286936 290933
 1.00 508248 509241 508236 504226 501216 496209 488205 480204
      476206 473210 470212 465211 461211 458214 454216 453220
      456229 450234 446237 445240 447243 455247 458250 461254
      467261 484262 492268 494270 498269 504250 508248
 1.00 488234 488233 488231 488228 487226 487225 486224 484223
      483223 481222 479223 478223 477224 477225 478228 480231
      481233 482234 482235 484236 486236 488234 488234
 1.00 482165 481164 480162 478161 476160 475159 473158 472157
      470156 468157 467160 468161 468162 469164 471164 473164
      474165 476166 478166 479166 481166 482165
 1.00 354735 354730 353724 351717 350713 347712 342715 336720
      333725 332731 327736 322740 319745 313754 309760 307767
      304770 301776 298782 296784 297786 298794 298798 296800
      289799 286797 283800 283803 287802 289804 288807 291808
      294807 303801 307795 308791 311790 316789 322786 331776
      334772 335765 350746 353739 354735
 1.50 502241 504236 503231 501224 499217 495213 489208 483206
      478207 474211 472214 469213 462213 458217 455221 459226
      463227 465225 474220 481221 488222 490224 490228 491235
      490238 486237 482237 479231 475227 464230 461235 455235
      448236 449240 451240 455239 457242 462245 468248 472249
      475251 481254 486258 491263 493265 496265 498262 498258
      497251 496247 498242 502241
 1.50 348743 347736 343737 335745 329751 321758 317761 314766
      311775 310781 314782 319780 323777 327773 329769 335760
      342754 345750 348745 348743
 2.00 496260 495252 491245 489241 485239 483239 481238 479234
      475229 472230 469233 463233 463239 464241 469243 477248
      484251 489257 492260 496261 496260
 2.00 500235 499224 497218 491212 488210 484208 480208 478209
      473214 474217 478219 486221 489220 491223 493232 497237
      500235
 2.00 471218 470215 468215 466216 465217 465219 466220 467221
      469220 471218
 2.00 463223 464221 464219 463216 461216 460217 459218 457219
      457221 457222 458224 460224 462225 463223
 2.00 346745 344742 342742 338744 334749 331754 327757 324762
      327766 330761 332757 338754 343750 346745
 3.00 496229 496226 496224 494224 494225 494226 495228 495229
      496229
 3.00 489216 489215 488213 487213 486212 484211 482211 481210
      480211 479212 478213 477215 478217 480218 481218 483219
      485219 487218 488217 489216
 3.00 481242 480239 479236 479235 478233 476231 475231 473232
      472233 471236 471238 472239 473241 473242 475243 476243
      478243 479244 480243 481242
 4.00 479239 479237 478236 478234 476233 474233 473234 472236
      473239 474239 475240 477241 477240 478240 479239
 5.00 478238 478235 477235 476234 474234 475237 475238 477239
      478238

24HR QP VT 23/12Z
 0.01 494333 488335 486337 483336 476333 473327 454305 448299
      444294 433286 419277 405269 394273 385280 378280 374275
      366260 370254 373248 377242 381238 387233 390229 393226
      404220 410218 416220 419226 420229 422229 427222 429217
      432214 437213 440216 445216 450212 454207 453201 448197
      446193 445189 444177 438162 430159 429163 431166 430174
      431182 429185 428192 426194 424191 421184 420173 421164
      423157 424155 426157 430154 455139 461136 466132 469127
      471125 474125 482128 489134 492140 494150 498151 499154
      498156 498160 511161 514160 518161 524166 527173 530176
      533179 538184 542186 544189
 0.01 520670 515677 509683 506685 503685 501687 500694 499699
      499704 498710 496715 488724 481732 474738 469745 463752
      461755 459757 450763 442771 429784 424791 421792 419788
      418781 416778 415766 414759 411755 404749 398749 392751
      385752 380755 376754 371755 363758 356764 351769 343775
      337778 332779 328780 328787 328793 326799 324809 321817
      318826 315832 309840 307846 303850 300853 299858 295866
      290873 284877 275881 270884 267884 265882 263877 262871
      259866 250864 242860 234857 229852 225844 225839 227836
      234830 235827 234824 234820 234814 236809 239801 239795
      242792 245790 250790 251792 251795 248802 251805 254809
      258812 262814 257798 263792 264789 263785 268781 278779
      279774 278768 280765 283767 287770 291771 295768 297764
      299760 302757 307756 310757 312756 312753 309752 302748
      295744 291742 288739 286733 285727 291717 295712 300704
 0.01 399643 398645 397646 397647 395649 394651 392651 391651
      390651 388650 387651 385650 385649 383650
 0.01 555862 545793 543786 542779 539766 538760 536757 534759
      533767 529774 526778 524783 522788 523796 523799 525804
      528811 528815 526815 522810 517803 513800 510796 505793
      501793 494802 491808 489813 486825 484831 481837 476841
      473837 468834 464834 462838 463844 466850 470855 474858
      475860 477858 482857 485854 490844 492837 495837 496845
      498855 500862 504862 505862 506858 509856 513861 515867
      521879 525883 526890 529903 529909 531912 531920 534927
      538931 541928 543923 545917 546911 548904 550894 552879
      555862
 0.01 511058 508042 503026 501018 498013 497005 492997 490995
      487997 483996 482993 483991 485989 485985 484979 481964
      478956 479949 457937 454940 454948 457956 458966 458977
      457984 459990 467994 471021 474027 475034 475039 477043
      480052 486063 491067 493069 497069 501069 505066 511058
 0.01 454115 454110 453105 450097 443095 438095 429094 427094
      427099 428104 426108 426113 429114 431116 436117 440118
      443117 446115 449112 452113 454115
 0.01 455828 453823 450816 447811 443807 441805 438806 433809
      433814 437818 442822 446825 451828 455828
 0.01 398791 394791 391792 389794 386795 383798 381800 378805
      376808 378810 384809 387806 390804 394801 395798 397793
      398791
 0.01 362825 360825 358828 360829 360827 362825 362825
 0.01 281960 281941 279936 276935 272935 266947 264952 262954
      259952 255952 248954 246960 241966 242970 244972 248976
      251978 251982 251986 253989 257989 260988 263982 268979
      271977 273974 280964 281960
 0.01 255761 251759 245758 240757 236758 234759 230761 222764
      215771 216778 213785 215798 216800 217803 221803 225800
      231797 234794 238789 239784 240780 244779 247776 250770
      252765 255761
 0.25 502316 494320 490320 487316 487308 482308 478306 478302
      476296 472291 469287 464278 461272 460264 457258 452253
      449252 447253 443256 439258 434258 423261 417261 411263
      406264 402264 397262 394262 382254 380252 382250 386247
      393239 396236 400234 425237 429241 434241 440231 444228
      448225 452218 456214 463206 465203 468197 469187 468179
      468162 466155 469152 474150 477147 480146 483148 487154
      488159 493165 497169 495174 487179 483184 480190 478195
      479198 482200 487203 492204 497203 502205 506211 510217
      517227 521237 524243 527248
 0.25 501620 490624 481629 475631 471630 459628 449629 439633
      430639 419648 411654 401659 395663 390663 387661 383661
      376664 368669 361675 340690 332696 325703 321707 319711
      319716 321721 325725 333729 342733 351735 357737 364735
      370733 374731 379728 383725 387721 390719 394718 398721
      395726 395732 400732 405732 410731 416728 422724 426720
      431716 438709 443701 452696 456694 460693 467692 470690
      473686 477683 482680 486676 488668 491662 493658 495652
      499649 510645
 0.25 528199 527187 526180 525175 523171 519168 516171 513171
      506165 502164 499167 500171 503176 507184 515189 520196
      522200 524202 527201 528199
 0.25 487231 487229 486228 486226 485225 484224 482224 481224
      479226 479228 480229 482230 483231 485232 486231 487231
 0.25 315783 315779 313777 309774 303777 299781 295786 291789
      286791 282796 279801 276804 272816 268821 264824 254830
      247837 243842 244847 250855 253857 256857 262855 265855
      267856 270859 279867 284866 288862 289856 292850 296847
      299842 301837 306831 307825 308820 314818 315814 314809
      315803 314797 315783
 0.25 261970 261966 261964 259961 257960 255960 252961 250963
      250966 251968 254968 255967 257968 259970 261970
 0.50 525253 522249 520244 515232 511223 508218 504214 501210
      496208 483206 479206 475208 472211 465211 462213 459217
      457224 457229 455231 448237 444247 442250 444252 451246
      459244 466246 470249 477256 481270 485278 487285 491288
      495292 499294 504292 508288 510287 513289
 0.50 502632 501629 499627 495627 487633 482636 477635 468635
      459634 449637 440642 430650 423657 416662 405668 399670
      394671 389669 385667 380666 377668 361684 354690 348697
      341705 338709 335716 335722 338725 347727 357728 364728
      369728 402703 407703 410705 415714 416718 418719 422716
      429707 441694 451686 459679 467672 472665 477661 479657
      483651 487646 495640 500635 502632
 0.50 487233 488231 488228 488226 487225 486223 484223 483222
      481222 479222 478222 476222 476223 474224 473224 474225
      475226 476227 477228 478229 480230 481231 481232 483234
      484234 486234 487233
 0.50 484169 484166 483162 482159 480156 477157 475159 475161
      475164 476168 477171 479173 480173 482171 484169
 0.50 428250 429247 426244 422240 417240 412241 407243 404250
      401256 405260 410259 414257 416256 420256 424253 428250
 0.50 311807 310797 309786 309782 305781 300787 297792 292797
      289799 287803 287806 288810 290813 293814 300811 305811
      309809 311807
 0.50 296840 296833 291829 287827 284825 283822 280823 281827
      276827 271829 267833 264837 259841 254843 254849 257850
      263846 272853 276855 282858 285854 289848 296840
 1.00 524259 522256 520252 515241 512233 508224 503217 499214
      496213 490211 484211 480213 480216 484219 487221 489223
      490227 490237 485238 482237 480233 477230 474230 470233
      469240 471243 479249 483252 484256 489265 498281 501285
      503286 510281 513278 517277
 1.00 467649 465646 460644 457644 452645 444651 440660 434667
      433669 435674 437676 441678 446677 449673 455667 462661
      466652 467649
 1.00 386689 385681 383674 378675 373680 363686 359689 354694
      347703 341713 339719 342722 348722 356720 368714 376707
      383698 385694 386689
 1.00 306801 305799 303798 302800 301801 301802 303803 305803
      306801
 1.50 522264 514242 510233 504223 501218 496216 491215 487214
      487217 490219 492225 492232 494238 497243 500246 503251
      504254 502255 496247 492242 487240 483243 481241 479235
      478232 475231 472234 472240 476244 479245 483245 487255
      492266 497275 501280 504281 510275 515272 519272
 1.50 376694 376689 373687 367687 361691 355697 351702 348709
      348714 353715 358714 365710 371704 374698 376694
 2.00 517265 518260 516254 513245 510235 504227 498219 493220
      493232 494236 497240 503247 507256 509267 512270 516267
      517265
 2.00 506276 506269 504262 500256 497251 493246 488242 486243
      486248 488254 491260 493266 496270 500277 504278 506276
 2.00 479241 479238 479237 479236 478233 476232 474233 473234
      473236 473239 473240 475241 476242 478241 479241
 2.00 371695 370691 367689 364691 361694 358697 355701 353704
      354709 358710 361708 366705 369702 370697 371695
 3.00 509246 508242 507239 506236 504234 502230 501227 499225
      498223 496224 494228 495231 496234 498237 501239 502241
      505244 506245 509246
 3.00 503273 502267 501263 498258 497254 494250 489247 489249
      490255 491258 494263 496267 499271 502273 503273
 3.00 476238 476235 475237 475238 476238
 4.00 496260 496258 496257 495254 494253 492252 491253 492254
      492256 493257 494259 496260 496260

$$




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