Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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114
FXUS04 KWBC 231049
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
548 AM EST MON JAN 23 2017


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID JAN 23/1200 UTC THRU JAN 26/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1

...EASTERN U.S...

AN UPPER LOW CENTERED IN WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA WAS IMPRESSIVELY
WOUND UP PER EARLIER RADAR IMAGERY REVEALING A SPIRAL PATTERN.
THAT DEEPENING PHASE APPEARED TO HAVE RELAXED A BIT BY 10Z AS THE
LOW PROGRESSED TOWARD THE LEE OF THE SOUTHERN APPALACHIANS. THE
LOW WAS EMBEDDED IN A GENERALLY PROGRESSIVE PATTERN...BUT AT SUCH
INTENSITY AND BEING OF MEDIUM WAVELENGTH...PROGRESS TOWARD THE
EAST AND NORTHEAST WILL BE SOMEWHAT SLOW...LEADING TO A WIDESPREAD
PRECIPITATION SHIELD AFFECTING THE EASTERN / NORTHEASTERN U.S.
THROUGH DAY 1 AND INTO DAY 2. AT THE SURFACE THE OCCLUDED AND
STACKED LOW BENEATH THE TIGHT UPPER VORTEX WILL GRADUALLY HAND OFF
TO COASTAL LOW DEVELOPMENT OFF NORTH CAROLINA/VIRGINIA BY MONDAY
AFTERNOON. INVERTED TROUGHING WILL DEVELOP WITHIN THE SLOPED COLD
AIR TO THE WEST...LINING UP A SYNOPTICALLY FORCED PRECIPITATION
BAND JUST TO THE LEE OF THE APPALACHIANS AND EXTENDING FROM
SOUTHWEST VIRGINIA UP INTO NEW YORK STATE. WARM ADVECTION AND
DIFLUENT UPPER LEVEL FLOW WILL FILL IN THE PIEDMONT AND COASTAL
PLAIN WITH PRECIPITATION IN BETWEEN THE MID LEVEL INVERTED TROUGH
AXIS AND THE SHORELINE...YIELDING A FAIRLY CONTINUOUS AREA OF 1 TO
2 INCH AVERAGE LIQUID ACCUMULATIONS FROM VIRGINIA TO NEW ENGLAND
THROUGH TUESDAY MORNING. A SWATH OF EVEN HEAVIER RAINFALL WILL
LIKELY AFFECT THE COASTAL MID ATLANTIC AND NEW ENGLAND FROM
MARYLAND TO MASSACHUSETTS...AS THE COASTAL CYCLONE IS FORECAST TO
UNDERGO A PERIOD OF INTENSIFICATION WHEN THE UPPER TROUGH SWINGS
INTO A SLIGHT NEGATIVE TILT MONDAY NIGHT AND TUESDAY MORNING. THIS
WILL PRODUCE A STRONG EASTERLY FETCH OFF THE ATLANTIC DIRECTED
INTO NJ/NY/CT/RI/MA.

THE PREVIOUS WPC FORECAST HAD MUCH OF THIS HANDLED WELL. THE MAIN
TREND WAS TO ELONGATE THE INVERTED TROUGH AXIS NORTH TO SOUTH AND
TO KEEP HEAVIER PRECIPITATION DOWN ACROSS VIRGINIA FOR LONGER
DURATION GIVEN THE DEPTH OF THIS SYSTEM. MUCH OF THE GUIDANCE ALSO
HINTS AT A MINOR SEPARATION BETWEEN THE INVERTED TROUGH AND THE
MORE INTENSE EVENT ALONG THE COAST...SO WE LOWERED AMOUNTS OVER
EASTERN PA/MD UP TO BINGHAMTON...ALTHOUGH THESE AREAS ARE STILL
EXPECTED TO RECEIVE AREAL AVERAGE PRECIPITATION GREATER THAN AN
INCH. THERE WILL BE A VARIETY OF PRECIPITATION TYPE CHALLENGES AS
WET BULBING AND DYNAMIC COOLING BRINGS THE POTENTIAL FOR ICE AND
SNOW IN AREAS INLAND AWAY FROM THE I-95 CORRIDOR. PLEASE SEE THE
WPC HEAVY SNOW DISCUSSION...QPFHSD...FOR DETAILS.


...WESTERN U.S AND NORTHERN PLAINS...

THE PLUME OF ENHANCED MOISTURE AND VERY STRONG ONSHORE FLOW THAT
HAD BROUGHT FLOODING TO SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA ON SUNDAY...WILL
PROGRESS INTO THE DESERT SOUTHWEST ALONG WITH A PRONOUNCED FRONTAL
PASSAGE THAT WILL FINALLY SIGNAL THE...AT LEAST FOR SEVERAL
DAYS...END TO THE STORM PATTERN AFFECTING THE WESTERN STATES. SOME
OF THE HEAVIER DAY 1 PRECIPITATION...THEREFORE...WILL OCCUR EARLY
MONDAY IN THE MOUNTAINS EAST OF SAN DIEGO...AND THEN FOR MUCH OF
THE MIDDAY AND EVENING HOURS IN THE FAVORED AREAS OF ARIZONA AND
SOUTHWEST UTAH. ADDITIONAL RAINFALL OVER 1.5 INCHES IS POSSIBLE IN
THE HIGH TERRAIN ALONG FAVORED SLOPES...WHILE 0.50 TO 1.25 INCH
AMOUNTS WILL BE MORE COMMON. ELSEWHERE THIS FRONTAL SYSTEM AND
ASSOCIATED HEIGHT FALLS WITHIN THE PROGRESSIVE AND POSITIVELY
TILTED UPPER TROUGH...WILL AGAIN SUPPORT MEANINGFUL PRECIPITATION
FROM BORDER CANADA TO MEXICO...WITH AMOUNTS BEING SOMEWHAT MORE
ENHANCED...0.50-INCH AND GREATER AREAL AVERAGE...IN THE EXPECTED
LOCATIONS OF THE WASATCH AND CENTRAL ROCKIES. WE ALSO EXPANDED
COVERAGE OF MEASURABLE PRECIPITATION THROUGHOUT CENTRAL NEVADA
BASED ON MODEL CONSENSUS AND ANALOG DATA FROM THE GEFS REFORECAST.
WPC QPF WAS BASED ON NUDGING THE PREVIOUS FORECAST TOWARD THE NAM
AND NAM CONUS NEST FOR THEIR RESOLUTION.

AS THE SYSTEM PULLS OUT INTO THE PLAINS THE DEVELOPING
PRECIPITATION STRUCTURE TUESDAY MORNING MAY INCLUDE A LOT OF
MESOSCALE DETAIL AS THE COLUMN BEGINS TO SATURATE IN THE FACE OF
STRONG ASCENT AND DEVELOPING LEE CYCLOGENESIS. MUCH OF THE
GUIDANCE...NAM/ECMWF/UKMET...TO NAME A FEW...DEPICT MORE THAN ONE
SWATH OF FRONTOGENETICALLY FORCED PRECIPITATION OVER THE NORTHERN
HIGH PLAINS. BASED ON GFS AND ECMWF MASS FIELDS IT LOOKED AS
THOUGH THE NAM AND NAM CONUS NEST QPF WAS WELL PLACED AND A LITTLE
MORE GENEROUS THAN SOME OF THE GLOBAL MODEL QPFS...WITH NAM
SEEMING REASONABLE GIVEN THE STRENGTH OF THE DEVELOPING SYSTEM. WE
NUDGED TOWARD THE NAM AND NAM CONUS NEST...WHILE NOTING THAT THE
00Z WRF-ARW ALSO LENDS SUPPORT TO THIS APPROACH...THOUGH
CONFIDENCE IN THE DETAILS IS NOT PARTICULARLY HIGH.


DAYS 2 AND 3...


...WEST COAST...

THE REMNANTS OF A CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM MOVES SOUTHEAST OVER THE
CENTRAL CA DURING DAY 2 BEFORE EXITING. A LONG WAVE TROUGH
APPROACHES THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST DURING DAY 3...CROSSING
OR/NORTHERN CA AS A POSITIVELY TILTED TROUGH BY THE END OF THE
PERIOD. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE MID
LEVEL PATTERN...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/GFS.

THE WEAKENING MID LEVEL SYSTEM CROSSES CENTRAL CA DURING THE FIRST
HALF OF DAY 2...BEFORE IT CROSSES THE GREAT BASIN. MUCH OF THE
MOISTURE OVER CA HAS BEEN SCOURED BEFORE THE ARRIVAL OF THE MID
LEVEL SYSTEM... BUT THE ONSHORE FLOW WILL FOCUS THE REMAINING
MOISTURE ACROSS THE CENTRAL CA COAST...WHERE LOCAL 0.25 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS ARE EXPECTED. FURTHER SOUTH...LOCAL 0.10 TO 0.25 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF SOUTHERN
CA...WHERE LOCAL CONVECTION OCCURS DUE TO STEEP LAPSE RATES.

A LONG WAVE TROUGH WEST OF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AT THE START OF
DAY 3 DROPS SOUTHEAST...REACHING OR AND NORTHERN CA LATE IN THE
PERIOD. AHEAD OF THE LONG WAVE TROUGH...A 20 KNOT LOW LEVEL
SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 0.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER TO THE
SOUTHWEST OR/NORTHWEST CA COAST. THE UPSLOPE FLOW FOCUSES THE
MOISTURE ON THE HIGHER TERRAIN HERE...WITH LOCAL 0.25 TO 0.50 INCH
QPF AMOUNTS POSSIBLE NEAR THE IMMEDIATE COAST.


...ROCKIES/SOUTHWEST...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSING SOUTHERN CA EARLY ON DAY 2 TRACKS OVER
AZ/NM AT THE BOTTOM OF A LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE ROCKIES. THE
SHORT WAVE ENERGY TAPS RESIDUAL MOISTURE IN THE SOUTHWEST TO
PRODUCE QPF ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN. THERE WAS GOOD MODEL
AGREEMENT WITH THE TIMING OF THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY...SO THE WPC
QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

A LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSES THE ROCKIES AND SOUTHWEST STATES DURING
DAY 2. SHORT WAVE ENERGY TRACKING FROM SOUTHERN CA CROSSES AZ/MN
INTO THE PANHANDLE OF TX...PROVIDING SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT FOR QPF
AND CYCLOGENESIS TO OCCUR EASTERN OF THE FRONT RANGE OF CO AFTER
25/00Z. THE FLOW AROUND THE DEVELOPING LOW WILL RESULT IN ENHANCED
UPSLOPE FLOW ACROSS CENTRAL AND EASTERN CO...AND DESPITE FALLING
MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN...SHOULD AID IN PRODUCING AN AREA OF 0.10
TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF HERE. LIFT MAINLY ASSOCIATED WITH THE LONG
WAVE TROUGH...COMBINED WITH UPSLOPE FLOW...IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE
SIMILAR QPF AMOUNTS OVER THE WASATCH RANGE IN UT.


...NORTHERN AND CENTRAL PLAINS/UPPER MS VALLEY/UPPER GREAT LAKES...

A LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE ROCKIES AND SOUTHWEST STATES EARLY ON
DAY 2 CROSSES THE CENTRAL AND NORTHERN PLAINS...AS A CLOSED MID
LEVEL SYSTEM FORMS OVER THE UPPER MS VALLEY. THE SURFACE LOW SPUN
UP BY THE MID LEVEL FLOW FOLLOWS A SIMILAR TRACK...REACHING THE
UPPER GREAT LAKES AND ONTARIO/QUEBEC DURING DAY 3. THE 00Z ECMWF
SOLUTION WAS A BIT FURTHER SOUTH WITH ITS CLOSED MID LEVEL
LOW...COMING CLOSER TO THE 00Z UKMET AND 00Z CMC (THOUGH THE 00Z
CMC WAS MUCH FASTER WITH ITS PROGRESSION). THE 00Z NAM AND GFS
WERE FURTHER NORTH WITH THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW (WITH THE 00Z NAM
FURTHEST NORTH). GIVEN THE TREND IN THE 00Z ECMWF...A BLEND OF THE
00Z ECMWF/GFS WAS CONSIDERED THE MIDDLE GROUND SOLUTION...SO THE
WPC QPF WAS BASED ON THIS BLEND.

AS THE LONG WAVE TROUGH MOVES EAST FROM THE ROCKIES AND SOUTHWEST
STATES EARLY ON DAY 2...LIFT FROM A CLOSING MID LEVEL LOW OVER THE
CENTRAL PLAINS WILL AID IN SPINNING UP AND DEEPENING A SURFACE LOW
TRACKING FROM THE CENTRAL PLAINS INTO THE UPPER MS VALLEY. AHEAD
OF THE SURFACE AND MID LEVEL SYSTEMS... A 40 TO 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL
SOUTH SOUTHEAST FLOW IS TRANSPORTED UPWARD IN THE INCREASING
ISENTROPIC FLOW...AND THE MOISTURE BECOMES ENTRAINED IN A
DEVELOPING FRONTOGENETICALLY ORIENTED WEST TO EAST ACROSS
SD/SOUTHERN MN/NORTHERN IA INTO SOUTHERN WI.

THE HIGHEST QPF WAS PLACED IN THIS BANDING...WITH THE BEST LIFT
OCCURRING IN THE 24/18Z TO 25/06Z TIME FRAME. AS MENTIONED
EARLIER...THE 00Z ECMWF DROPPED THE BEST MID LEVEL LIFT (AND QPF)
FURTHER SOUTH INTO MORE OF NE/IA...AND LESS INTO SOUTHERN MN. THE
WPC QPF INCORPORATED THAT CHANGE IN THE 12Z ISSUANCE... SINCE THIS
TREND APPEARED IN MOST OF THE NON NCEP GUIDANCE FROM 00Z. IN THE
EXPECTED AXIS OF BEST LIFT...0.50 TO 0.85 INCHES OF QPF WAS
PLACED. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL ELEVATED INSTABILITY (DUE
IN PART TO STEEPENING LAPSE RATES)...SO LOCALLY HIGHER QPF AMOUNTS
ARE POSSIBLE.

AS THE CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM CROSSES THE UPPER GREAT LAKES
DURING DAY 3...THE ISENTROPIC LIFT WEAKENS AND THE MOISTURE
CONTENT OF THE COLUMN IS NOT QUITE AS ROBUST. MARGINAL INSTABILITY
IN THE WEAKENING FRONTOGENETICALLY FORCED BAND OF LIFT IS EXPECTED
TO CROSS SOUTHERN WI INTO THE UP OF MI...AND LOCAL 0.50 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE. OTHERWISE...A LARGE AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50
INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED OVER THE UPPER GREAT LAKES ON DAY 3.

LOCALLY HEAVY SNOWFALL IS POSSIBLE ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE NORTHERN
AND CENTRAL PLAINS INTO THE UPPER MS VALLEY. PLEASE REFER TO THE
LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...NORTHEAST...

A STRONG CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW TRACKS FROM OFF THE NORTHERN
DELMARVA COAST EARLY ON DAY 2 INTO NORTHERN ME...WHERE IT OPENS UP
AND TAKES ON A NEGATIVE TILT. THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM SUPPORTS A
DEEPENING SURFACE LOW THAT MOVES OFF THE SOUTHEAST NEW ENGLAND
COAST...REACHING WESTERN NOVA SCOTIA BY THE END OF THE PERIOD.
INFLOW AHEAD OF THE SURFACE AND MID LEVEL SYSTEMS WILL FOCUS
MOISTURE FOR LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL ACROSS MAINLY CENTRAL AND
EASTERN ME. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE
TRACK OF THE SURFACE AND MID LEVEL SYSTEM (WHICH IS MUCH FURTHER
SOUTHEAST WITH ITS DEPICTION OF THESE SYSTEMS)...SO THE WPC QPF
WAS BASED PRIMARILY ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM AND DEEPENING SURFACE LOW OFF THE NJ
COAST EARLY...A 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL EASTERLY INFLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00
INCH PRECIPTABLE WATER AIR INTO FAR EASTERN MA AND ME DURING THE
FIRST HALF OF DAY 2. THE STRONGEST LOW LEVEL MOISTURE FLUX OCCURS
EARLY...AS DOES ANY REMAINING ELEVATED INSTABILITY. THIS COULD
RESULT IN LOW TOPPED FORCED CONVECTION AND SHOWERS WITH HEAVY
RAINFALL ACROSS EASTERN MA AND WESTERN ME...AND AN AREA OF 0.75 TO
1.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED HERE. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD
GUIDANCE VALUES RANGE BETWEEN 2.00 AND 3.00 INCHES...SO WHILE
LOCAL RUNOFF ISSUES ARE POSSIBLE HERE...FLASH FLOODING IS NOT
EXPECTED.

AS THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM OPENS UP AND TAKES ON A NEGATIVE
TILT...THE LOW LEVEL INFLOW BACKS MORE TO THE SOUTHEAST...AND THIS
COULD ALLOW DEEPER MOISTURE TO BE DRAWN INTO THE SYSTEM ACROSS
CENTRAL AND PARTICULARLY DOWNEAST ME. THE INSTABILITY SHOULD HAVE
BEEN EXHAUSTED AFTER 25/00Z...BUT LOW LEVEL FORCING AND LIFT
ASSOCIATED WITH THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM SHOULD PRODUCE AN AREA OF
1.50 TO 2.00 INCHES OF QPF...MAINLY OVER EASTERN ME. AGAIN...THREE
HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES AVERAGE GREATER THAN 2.00
INCHES...SO FLASH FLOODING IS NOT EXPECTED. HOWEVER...PONDING OF
WATER IS POSSIBLE...AS THIS SETUP FAVORS FLOODING RATHER THAN
FLASH FLOODING.


...GULF COAST/SOUTHEAST...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM THE SOUTHWEST STATES ON DAY 2
CROSSES THE GULF COAST AND SOUTHEAST STATES DURING DAY 3. THE
SHORT WAVE ENERGY PROVIDED SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT OVER A COLD FRONT
TRAILING FROM LOW PRESSURE OVER THE GREAT LAKES...WHICH CROSSES
THE SOUTHEAST STATES BY THE END OF THE PERIOD. THERE WAS GENERALLY
GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE TIMING OF THE FRONT AND SHORT WAVE
ENERGY...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON THIS BLEND.

AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSING FROM NORTH TX INTO
MS/AL...A 30 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00/1.25
INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT TRAILING FROM
LOW PRESSURE OVER THE UPPER GREAT LAKES. MODEL SOUNDINGS INDICATED
THAT THE BEST SURFACE BASED INSTABILITY WOULD BE RELEGATED TO THE
GULF COAST STATES...WITH SOME ELEVATED INSTABILITY AS FAR NORTH AS
NORTHERN AND CENTRAL GA. LOW TOPPED CONVECTION COULD PRODUCE LOCAL
STRIPES OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF IN THESE AREAS.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML


BURKE/HAYES

24HR QP VT 24/12Z
 0.01 522227 524222 523218 519213 512212 509213 508211 504204
      503200 503193 506168 508154 509151 510145 511138 509133
      505125 492094 490089 488082 485075 484072 480072 478074
      475071 469068 465067 463064 462060 462054 466048 469041
      470028 472017 472004 470994 466986 462981 457976 451975
      445973 440969 437964 432959 426956 420960 418963 417966
      416968 417971 417982 418987 418993 415004 411012 402023
      401032 401042 399047 396048 390047 375045 368046 360047
      352048 347050 340051 329050 325055 325059 328062 337065
      338067 336068 333070 328072 324076 319080 314081 301086
      298088 298092 299096 299102 300106 299113 301120 303123
      307125 311128 310134 309139 307141 304143 300141 294138
      291137 288139 287144 290151 294162 303174 313182 319187
      323193 329208 339219 346231 362251 366256 372259 380264
      386268 395271 398270 403271 407273 409275 413277 417277
      431275 433273 434268 436265 439266 441269 450278 455281
      462285 467292 468293 471291 475284 476281 476277 475264
      474259 471256 467250 461243 457238 450236 447238 442237
      438235 436232 432228 429226 430223 433220 436220 441222
      443220 444216 443209 441205 441198 440194 441189 439168
      441161 444155 452137 459134 461134 461138 460143 460148
      459153 457155 456158 457161 459163 462164 467169 470176
      472179 476180 482176 484176 485179 486189 487200 489209
      498223 508225 514229 517231 519229 522227
 0.01 513840 512832 510827 507823 502821 497819 491820 486818
      478819 466820 461817 456815 452813 450810 449804 450800
      453794 456788 459776 460769 464765 470753 473740 473721
      472711 469704 462693 457688 455685 454681 449670 445657
      441650 438646 433644 426646 419649 413653 402660 396665
      391669 382678 376686 371696 368702 365706 355714 331727
      319732 311742 300759 298761 295762 289760 277759 269760
      262762 246765 237771 231776 227780 227785 228793 229800
      231805 237814 236821 237829 241832 245832 247830 251825
      254823 256825 265833 270835 275834 279833 284831 285829
      285825 285818 281815 276813 264810 257810 253808 251805
      252802 257798 268791 283786 289785 296784 298788 298791
      300796 306798 313796 315799 316802 318810 320828 320832
      325833 330833 339825 345821 349824 341843 342850 344858
      353864 355866 359866 367865 372863 381862 396858 401856
      408855 412853 417854 426860 437864 447867 454867 458867
      461869 472865 480862 487862 497856 506849 510845 513840
 0.01 482166 482163 481161 481160 481158 480155 479157 479160
      479162 479164 480165 481167 482166
 0.01 480152 479150 478145 478142 477139 477134 474131 472136
      470136 467137 466139 467142 470144 473145 475146 476149
      478152 480152
 0.01 412200 412193 411185 410181 408180 405178 401177 396180
      392181 389182 388187 388191 390193 395197 400200 407202
      410202 412200
 0.01 370174 371170 370167 369165 365163 362162 358161 355161
      353162 352165 354168 354171 355173 358175 362175 365176
      367176 370174
 0.01 332151 332149 332147 331144 331142 330140 328139 327139
      326140 324141 322143 321145 320147 321149 323150 325151
      327151 328152 330152 332151
 0.25 468270 468266 467262 466259 464256 462255 459253 456254
      454256 454260 456263 457265 459267 461270 463272 465272
      468270
 0.25 472840 468836 464834 457834 450833 445833 445835 447836
      447838 451843 454846 460848 465849 470847 472840
 0.25 457727 457722 456717 452713 447707 444699 442689 439680
      430665 426663 420662 406668 397672 391676 386681 382688
      376698 372703 367709 357720 351724 344727 332732 326736
      321740 316747 314750 314753 317759 316767 313772 313774
      316774 331771 340770 343771 344777 341784 341789 344791
      349787 352782 355774 354769 351767 349764 351760 357757
      360755 364756 366759 367764 366778 368799 365807 361813
      354826 352833 350840 350843 352844 356843 358841 361839
      363843 370842 386836 398833 404831 411827 418823 424818
      428812 431805 442779 448765 452758 454749 455737 457727
 0.25 461030 462023 462016 460006 455005 452008 447015 442023
      434026 432029 430035 432039 436042 441042 446043 449044
      453044 456040 459036 461030
 0.25 451102 452098 452094 449088 445087 445083 447080 449077
      448073 446070 443069 441071 439076 436083 433088 430087
      428085 425079 425075 425070 427062 426058 422057 413056
      406054 395058 389059 382060 379060 375057 370052 364052
      359055 362067 364072 366080 373093 372098 371101 366105
      364110 362112 359112 354107 350102 349097 354096 360094
      362091 362088 359084 354081 343087 336082 333081 330083
      328091 325096 322101 319108 317115 319118 323118 332120
      334121 337124 339130 344136 348140 353142 360141 366141
      370142 372144 378146 381146 384144 384136 387130 391126
      404123 410124 414130 416138 417145 418153 419159 423161
      426160 430154 441120 446111 451102
 0.25 422255 424249 424242 419235 417229 415223 413219 408216
      393206 382203 378201 380198 379195 376187 368182 362180
      357181 353184 353188 360194 364196 367200 367203 365204
      362204 358203 355200 349196 344193 343188 343182 345177
      345169 343165 340163 335161 329159 326157 315153 306151
      304154 305158 310165 327178 345211 349218 353227 359235
      366242 371245 376245 385249 392252 398254 407258 412260
      416260 422255
 0.25 429195 430192 430190 430188 430187 429185 428185 427184
      426187 426189 427192 428193 428194 429195 429195
 0.25 441830 440827 439827 438827 438828 439830 440830 441830
 0.25 434999 436994 434990 430994 426001 423009 423014 423020
      419029 417036 418040 421038 424030 427020 430013 432006
      434999
 0.25 403100 403097 403096 402095 402093 401091 400090 400089
      399090 398092 397094 397096 397098 399099 400102 401102
      402100 403100
 0.25 393107 393105 392100 391098 390096 387094 385096 383099
      382101 381106 382110 383112 387112 389111 391109 393107
 0.25 338801 337799 336798 334799 333800 333802 333804 334806
      335807 336806 338804 338802 338801
 0.25 282771 280767 274767 261769 248771 239775 236778 234784
      234790 236798 239801 241802 244802 251795 254791 258789
      266783 275777 279774 282771
 0.50 449734 448725 445722 440719 439713 439704 439696 437688
      433682 427676 417670 411670 404673 392678 388682 385686
      380696 376703 372708 364716 357723 353726 348729 340733
      334736 329739 326742 325746 326750 328755 329760 331761
      337761 343758 348754 353751 360749 364749 369751 372752
      373754 374758 374763 373770 371776 370783 371792 370800
      369806 364816 360822 356828 354833 353839 365827 367834
      371830 374827 378827 383827 394824 398822 404818 422803
      425798 428793 433783 440770 442764 444757 444751 446744
      448739 449734
 0.50 456027 457025 457023 456021 454022 453025 452027 452029
      452031 454031 454030 456029 456027
 0.50 439108 439105 436102 433100 430101 426107 422112 415113
      411111 409108 408105 405103 401109 396111 394114 395117
      399117 406119 413122 418127 421131 423140 426139 428136
      430130 428122 431116 435111 439108
 0.50 416249 417244 415241 410239 411229 410225 407225 400226
      397227 392226 386223 379222 374217 368215 360214 357215
      357219 364232 366235 369234 375232 381236 386241 392245
      399249 407253 412253 415250 416249
 0.50 401074 402069 398068 391065 388067 387070 388079 385083
      382084 377079 376083 378087 378097 382090 387088 391088
      394090 396088 397083 399078 401075 401074
 0.50 396101 396099 396097 395096 394094 392095 392096 392098
      393100 394101 395102 396101
 0.50 373193 373191 373190 371188 369186 368185 367185 366184
      364184 363183 361183 359184 358185 358187 359187 360188
      362189 363190 365191 366191 367192 369192 370193 372193
      373193
 0.50 377132 377130 378128 378126 377124 376123 375122 374121
      372122 371122 370124 371127 371128 371129 371131 372133
      373134 374136 375134 376134 377132
 0.50 375069 375066 375065 374064 373063 371062 370062 368063
      369066 371068 373070 374069 375069
 0.50 367124 368122 367120 366119 365119 363118 362119 361119
      360120 360123 361124 362125 364126 366125 367124
 0.50 355124 357122 356118 354115 348108 343100 343096 340092
      335091 333097 331100 327102 325105 324109 331115 336116
      340118 341122 342128 344131 349134 353126 355124
 0.50 343173 343169 341167 336164 329162 324159 319157 312156
      310158 311160 315165 320168 326172 331174 336177 339177
      342175 343173
 0.50 271775 270772 265772 256774 249774 243777 239781 237786
      237790 238793 240796 243798 246797 251791 256787 261782
      268777 271775
 1.00 433706 432699 430694 423689 418685 414682 406679 400679
      395680 390684 387688 382697 376708 363722 357730 352733
      349737 365742 370743 376742 379741 382743 384745 387755
      392756 398755 402759 402765 395773 392773 389769 384769
      380773 375782 373796 368817 370820 374817 377813 379807
      385800 392794 396789 400787 405785 410782 415779 419781
      423782 426779 431769 432765 431761 427757 424756 423752
      424749 426744 424737 425726 425721 429717 432711 433706
 1.00 347747 344747 342749 342751 344750 347747 347747
 1.00 346112 346111 345109 344108 343107 343106 341105 339106
      339108 338108 339109 340110 342111 344113 346113 346112
 1.00 335169 336167 334166 332165 330165 329164 328163 327163
      326163 325163 324165 325166 326167 326168 328169 330169
      332170 333170 335169
 1.50 429704 428700 425698 415696 412696 410692 403686 400684
      396684 393686 389690 385696 381705 376712 370718 366726
      364730 364733 367735 374737 379736 384733 391732 395735
      396742 398745 402746 407746 411744 417737 418733 419726
      420722 422718 425715 428709 429704
 1.50 422770 422768 421767 419768 417769 416769 417770 418771
      419771 421771 422770
 1.50 402776 401776 402777 402776
 1.50 392785 393782 392780 390780 386780 383782 381784 380787
      379789 378791 379796 382793 383793 386793 387792 389788
      391787 392785
 1.50 376803 377801 376800 375801 374803 374805 376804 376803
 2.00 426705 421701 415704 410709 406716 402723 401726 402732
      407737 409735 411731 413729 414724 415720 417717 423711
      426705
 2.00 387723 397712 399703 399698 397692 394691 390694 384701
      383711 375716 370723 369727 372731 375732 381730 387723

24HR QP VT 25/12Z
 0.01 489613 493621 497632 505655 512679 514683 515690 519700
      523714 526727 529741 530757 531765 530770 526780 519787
      513794 506798 502801 498802 495805 491805 487803 481802
      477801 472803 478810 481817 485820 488822 508824 518823
      522824 528824 534830 538837 540839 537843 534848 532851
      527858 519861 514862 510864 505874 501880 498884 495888
      492899 489907 481924 476933 473938 473946 471952 471960
      470968 471971 474971 483972 489979 492986 492992 490997
      483002 478002 475002 474005 470029 469044 467055 465066
      463074 462079 460095 460102 458107 453121 450119 449116
      447114 441114 437116 434118 432121 428130 426134 423138
      420140 418138 418130 416128 413127 405128 397124 393123
      389124 384122 384118 392112 395110 397108 397106 393103
      392098 401095 403093 404090 401089 396090 393091 385095
      378097 374096 372091 367085 361078 358074 356069 353062
      353055 356053 359050 363048 367047 372048 376048 380051
      385049 387048 388045 385042 382038 380035 382029 386032
      389033 392033 395032 401032 403031 402028 400024 400016
      403008 404001 403997 400986 395976 393977 395979 392980
      385984 377968 375966 373961 372956 371950 370945 366941
      360935 360927 362923 366920 371920 381922 383920 384918
      385913 387908 389905 392901 394899 393896 390893 388888
      389883 390878 406845 410838 413833 416830 428817 432813
      434808 431802 427799 421792 412791 409790 406792 399798
      391803 385809 378815 372820 363825 361819 365813 372806
      377800 380798 385796 393791 403785 406784 408782 409778
      407776 401770 395767 386765 375768 370768 367764 366754
      367750 369745 381733 387727 394722 397719 399715 402706
      400703 398702 392702 382702 376701 372699 366694 366662
 0.01 491168 491164 489160 486152 485148 489148 493145 491137
      489134 484132 471124 467123 459123 454127 453132 455137
      454143 452146 446152 444157 446161 449164 463171 470174
      477173 489170 491168
 0.01 414229 415217 411215 409212 408206 407203 404193 400185
      396184 393185 390194 386205 386216 385222 382224 374219
      371216 369211 362197 350185 347182 347177 347169 345166
      342163 338161 333160 330161 324160 321161 318163 317167
      315169 312169 310173 311178 313196 315206 314211 315217
      320232 326238 337241 356246 365248 371248 374247 382244
      384242 387238 388233 389231 391230 402233 414229
 0.01 398173 399169 398166 398163 394162 391162 389163 387164
      385167 383169 382172 383175 385175 389176 392177 394175
      396175 398173
 0.01 363099 360092 355091 356084 355081 352079 348078 345076
      342076 340079 334084 333087 335089 344090 346092 349092
      353097 356100 359101 363099
 0.01 349123 346116 345113 345107 343100 343095 340093 333093
      329092 327094 330099 333106 337111 341118 343125 346125
      349123
 0.01 341063 342059 342054 342050 340049 338052 337054 334055
      330054 328055 326057 328059 330060 334060 337062 339063
      341063
 0.01 325917 325908 322904 313915 309919 304922 299926 295931
      291935 288941 284946 281953 280956 281961 282962 286962
      293961 297957 302953 307948 316939 319934 321926 325917
 0.25 475618 482625 487634 492646 496657 500670 501686 504703
      507714 510718 510725 507736 505741 502745 499741 496736
      494735 493742 491753 489759 486763 482764 478760 475759
      472763 468766 463766 454766 450763 447758 442749 437742
      435733 433728 426724 421725 417727 413730 411728 411724
      410721 408721 406718 408712 412703 413693 411688 407686
      399682 391679 388679 385683 381691 377690 378684 379674
      382665 385659 387656 392654 398653 411650 415646 419638
 0.25 472153 471151 469150 468150 467150 466149 464148 462148
      462149 461151 462153 463154 465155 467155 468156 470156
      471155 472154 472153
 0.25 458008 458986 457973 457962 457939 459932 460927 460920
      452877 450869 446861 444858 440857 431858 428860 426864
      424872 423882 421893 418901 417910 414920 411929 411941
      410950 412961 410971 409982 412990 414000 415010 416022
      419029 423036 427042 430044 433044 440045 446044 450037
      453019 456012 458008
 0.25 367232 364227 363220 364216 362214 358210 352206 348207
      346209 347212 351217 351224 354230 357234 362235 367232
 0.50 455625 466626 471627 474631 476636 491665 494673 496685
      496696 495705 490711 485717 475730 470733 467740 464743
      460743 457736 453728 449722 439713 425712 419710 417707
      417704 418700 418694 416689 412684 407681 400678 393676
      388673 386669 387666 392661 401658 407658 415655 421651
      426642 432633
 0.50 448005 446971 448955 448946 447937 445928 443923 440916
      441906 440893 438886 434881 430883 429885 427890 424905
      424914 422921 419935 418945 419952 419961 418968 417975
      418982 423994 424010 425018 428025 430030 435030 440027
      443021 446014 448005
 1.00 488686 487677 485669 480658 474650 467644 463642 458642
      453641 448640 444639 439640 434643 432648 430653 426657
      422660 422667 425676 425689 424703 428706 434704 442698
      447697 451700 454704 458705 464705 468707 470703 474704
      480702 483697 486691 488686
 1.50 475672 474664 471658 462653 452649 447648 444648 441650
      438663 436668 437675 436681 435688 436691 439691 444686
      447682 450680 454680 458682 461682 464681 469679 475674
      475672
 2.00 467667 465662 461660 457659 454657 450657 447658 445663
      445668 447671 451672 456673 459672 464670 467667

24HR QP VT 26/12Z
 0.01 492612 498619 503628 508637 512649 521674 526687 530701
      533712 536724 538731 539737 541754 541760 540766 538778
      535789 531795 528799 524800 515801 507798 499794 493787
      487780 485778 485775 486768 487765 487760 484754 482751
      479752 477762 476773 478787 484795 488798 491798 500804
      506808 509812 513814 515818 516823 520837 521842 523848
      519859 514870 516876 515883 515892 513899 513903 510908
      506913 500916 490917 486919 484922 484926 484934 483938
      481939 478934 474930 472926 466933 462937 461941 461949
      459953 459962 461968 466969 470969 472967 480961 497951
      499949 503949 509949 511952 511968 505976 498980 494981
      492983 487985 483985 478985 475987 464987 454986 449986
      446988 444986 441986 436985 431985 429983 425983 418975
      411968 407960 400945 396938 399929 398917 399912 399906
      398878 398863 397855 396850 381860 378862 378855 384846
      386842 390838 397832 399827 400825 398823 395823 394826
      392826 385822 384818 383815 381816 377822 374826 372831
      369833 366832 365829 362829 360832 355841 349847 344854
      344863 341875 337886 331896 328904 320918 308931 303938
      297942 294945 290949 286956 279962 276964 271965 268966
      268961 274954 275951 275947 272946 272943 272937 275932
      275930 273927 269929 266927 268922 271915 272910 268909
      266906 265901 265887 266883 266878 270871 280858 292845
      303831 315813 322807 326804 329801 336795 339792 342788
      345781 349773 359758 362756 366755 369757 370761 372765
      371768 370774 366781 361789 356797 350807 347818 345823
      346826 355821 359819 362814 366808 371801 374799 376800
      379800 390799 395793 401788 405785 408780 416764
 0.01 416764 420752 416747 416743 418742 419740 417738 415736
      414729 417724 420720 424715 428711 440709 443705 446700
      451689 452683 451679 448675 445665 444656 442646 440640
      438637 437632
 0.01 511286 511281 511278 509270 508261 505254 500243 493233
      490230 488228 481226 477229 468227 463228 459231 450236
      445239 440241 436241 432240 427236 426232 426228 430224
      436221 438219 441220 446216 443213 429206 421198 417194
      413195 415201 420204 430216 428219 425220 420219 418213
      415213 413214 410221 406225 403227 398226 391224 386226
      382229 375239 368250 360265 357271 357274 358281 360283
      362282 367280 371280 373283 384292 394296 408300 436305
      443306 448307 461312 475317 479318 482317 488319 493317
      497314 500309 503302 507291 511286
 0.01 489139 488136 485133 479129 472130 466129 462131 460134
      456141 441141 438142 436146 436150 438154 447165 449169
      450174 452176 456177 462175 467170 473168 479165 481163
      482157 482148 484145 485140 489139
 0.01 458106 456100 454093 447091 440090 436090 435092 430097
      427101 421105 417109 414110 412108 410101 410096 408093
      405095 401100 400104 398106 394112 385118 383122 390123
      402120 406123 407120 411120 417124 418127 418133 418139
      416146 416152 414160 416163 420157 423152 425149 426143
      430130 433123 438119 443116 445115 448116 452117 455115
      456109 458106
 0.01 446048 447046 447043 446041 445040 443038 441038 440036
      438035 438038 436040 436042 437045 438045 439048 441048
      443048 444049 446049 446048
 0.01 426065 426058 423055 413054 411056 408056 404054 397055
      393057 388066 385071 383074 381079 385079 388078 391079
      397079 402078 406075 411074 415072 424068 426065
 0.25 520710 520701 519691 516677 511661 507650 502637 497628
      494623 490619 486617 482616 477620 473624 470628 468634
      464644 463658 463664 465671 467676 470681 477690 484695
      492701 497709 504718 507721 511723 514722 517718 520710
 0.25 504284 505279 504275 500269 495262 490257 486256 484258
      481261 479264 477276 477281 478284 486289 494292 501290
      504284
 0.25 472883 472875 472868 467856 466853 462851 460847 462842
      459813 458800 458788 459783 459776 456762 454757 451755
      447766 444774 438783 437787 435790 435792 434799 428819
      428826 429832 430843 431850 429853 422855 421859 421861
      424865 428866 431869 433873 431878 426887 425891 426895
      429899 432902 432909 436911 439906 440900 437894 439894
      439891 448873 450867 454873 459879 460892 461903 463907
      465908 468901 469893 472883
 0.25 432256 433250 432248 425247 421245 418243 416240 412239
      407243 405247 406250 407254 411256 410258 410262 414263
      417263 424262 430258 432256
 0.25 416280 416275 415273 411269 406265 399263 393263 393270
      394277 396283 398285 402286 407285 413283 416280
 0.25 326861 324861 322863 322864 321866 323867 324866 324865
      325863 326862 326861
 0.50 501283 501280 498276 497275 494272 492271 489269 487269
      487273 488277 489279 491281 494284 495286 497286 500285
      501283
 0.50 510679 508667 506659 503650 500643 493630 489626 482627
      477633 475639 474643 475648 476659 475669 479675 488682
      493686 498691 503694 508694 510691 510685 510679
 0.50 443820 443817 443815 443812 442812 440811 438812 437813
      435816 435818 435821 436823 437825 437828 438829 439830
      440830 441827 442825 442822 442820 443820

$$





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