Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Albany, NY

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000 FXUS61 KALY 160902 AFDALY Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Albany NY 402 AM EST Tue Jan 16 2018 .SYNOPSIS...
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A weak area of low pressure will move into our region from the Great Lakes today, bringing some light snow. Then, a developing coastal low pressure system will emerge off the Delmarva this evening and track northeast to near Cape Cod Wednesday morning. This system is expected to bring a moderate to heavy snowfall to much of the region tonight into Wednesday.
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&& .NEAR TERM /THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...
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Winter Storm Warning issued for the northern and central Taconics, southern Vermont, Berkshires and Litchfield Hills this evening into Wednesday afternoon... Winter Weather Advisory remains in effect for the rest of eastern New York today into Wednesday afternoon... As of 400 AM EST...Light snow is overspreading much of the area from around the Capital District north and west early this morning, as a weak area of low pressure approaches from the Lower Great Lakes. Weak warm advection ahead of the low is resulting in the light snow. The snow will be delayed for areas south and east of Albany until this afternoon/evening, due to the SW to NE orientation of the upper trough and forcing associated with the thermal advection. Snow amounts today expected to be only around 1-2 inches in most spots, although up to 3 inches is possible across the foothills of the southwest Adirondacks due to a S-SW upslope component. Still, this light snow will affect the morning/evening commutes with some slippery travel on untreated roads with temperatures in the 20s. More substantial snowfall is then expected starting this evening into tonight, as a coastal low pressure system is forecast to emerge off the Delmarva and track northeast along a baroclinic zone close to the NJ/Long Island coast. At the same time, a positive tilt mid/upper level trough will migrate eastward across the lower Great Lakes and Ohio/Tennessee Valleys. Model QPF varies, but are in generally good agreement with the track of the coastal low. The ECMWF continues to indicate greater widespread QPF compared to other sources of guidance, but details due to terrain enhancement and shadowing are more apparent in higher-resolution guidance such as the 3km NAM and HREF. So the highest confidence in warning level snows are across western New England into the north/central Taconics of NY, thus we have upgraded the Winter Storm Watch to a Warning. We are also expecting some mesoscale banding to potentially develop overnight into early Wednesday morning with the pattern closely resembling a laterally quasi-stationary band from recent CSTAR research. NAM/GFS continue to depict the area of greatest 850-700mb F-Gen along coastal areas, which would imply banding to set up to the north and west of the F-Gen based on the CSTAR research. Hi-res guidance not overly apparent in forecasting mesoscale banding, but this will be something to keep an eye on. For now, we will mention up to 1 inch per hour snowfall rates in the warning area with 6-9 inches total snow in a 12-18 hour time frame, but these totals would have to be raised should a quasi-stationary band develop. Outside of the warning area, we will maintain the Winter Weather Advisories for totals of 4 to 8 inches of snow from around the Capital District south and east across the Catskills, mid Hudson Valley and southern Taconics. Light snowfall from today included in these amounts, thus these totals will occur over a 24-30 hour duration so we will hold with the Advisory. Generally 3-6 inches is forecast for areas north and west of the Capital District. The morning commute Wednesday will be affected by the snow, as moderate to heavy snow will still be falling, especially from around the Capital District south and east as the coastal low approaches the Cape Cod area. Again, we will have to watch for potential mesoscale banding, which would enhance snowfall rates and storm totals. The Warning/Advisory will go through mid- afternoon Wednesday with the snow expected to end from west to east. The steady snow should end before the evening commute Wednesday, with just a few leftover snow showers possible.
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&& .SHORT TERM /WEDNESDAY NIGHT THROUGH THURSDAY NIGHT/...
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A small ridge of high pressure will build in Wednesday night providing mainly dry conditions. However, due to well aligned westerly flow and borderline conditional lake induced instability, there will be some lake effect snow showers across the western Adirondacks. Any accumulations should be light, with shallow inversion heights of only around 850 mb are expected. Temperatures will be near normal, with lows in the single digits and teens. Similar conditions should prevail on Thursday, with a flat ridge in place and a westerly flow continuing. Again, some light lake effect snow showers may affect the western Adirondacks, but dry conditions should prevail elsewhere. Snow showers may be a bit more enhanced with greater coverage Thursday night across the western/southern Adirondacks, as a fast-moving short wave trough is expected to move through. Still, only minor accumulations are forecast with mainly dry conditions elsewhere. Temperatures will remain near normal during this time.
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&& .LONG TERM /FRIDAY THROUGH MONDAY/...
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Gradual upper ridging building into the region into the beginning of next week. Intervals of clouds Friday trending to mostly cloudy by Sunday as warm advection strengthens. Strong upper energy approaches Monday with rain moving in Sunday night, expanding in coverage Monday. Temperatures are a bit uncertain as some guidance has stronger upper ridging than other guidance, which will determine where a west-east oriented boundary layer thermal gradient sets up, just north, across or just south of our region. Too far out in time to know for sure, so blending guidance temperatures until we get closer to next week. There could be some mixed precipitation Sunday night before the strongest warm advection spreads into the region Monday. Highs Friday in the 30s with some mid to upper 20s northern areas. Highs Saturday and Sunday in the 40s but mid to upper 30s northern areas. Highs Monday in the 40s with upper 40s south and lower 40s north.
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&& .AVIATION /09Z TUESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/...
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Some flurries and patches of light snow are occurring in central NY but the leading edge of the patches of light snow is not moving east very quickly. Based on radar and satellite trends as well as the latest model guidance, there could be some flurries at KALB and KGFL through daybreak and indicating VCSH there. Any flurries should wait until after daybreak at KPSF and KPOU. However, some clouds in the MVFR range will persist in many areas through daybreak and expand to the KGFL and KPSF areas. The steadier light snow should gradually develop overhead through the morning and indicated TEMPO MVFR visibilities and ceilings mid morning through midday across the region. By midday and early afternoon, steadier light snow and borderline MVFR/IFR ceilings and visibilities will develop at all TAF sites, with visibilities likely just into IFR at around 2SM -SN. The snow will become steadier later in the afternoon and evening so indicating visibilities and ceilings continuing around the MVFR/IFR range. Winds through mid morning will be light and variable, becoming southerly at around 5 kt during mid morning through the rest of the day and evening. Outlook... Tuesday Night: Moderate Operational Impact. SN likely. Wednesday: No Operational Impact. SN likely. Wednesday Night: No Operational Impact. NO SIG WX. Thursday: No Operational Impact. NO SIG WX. Thursday Night: No Operational Impact. NO SIG WX. Friday: No Operational Impact. NO SIG WX. Friday Night: No Operational Impact. NO SIG WX. Saturday: No Operational Impact. NO SIG WX.
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&& .HYDROLOGY...
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Ongoing flooding due to ice jams will continue to be addressed with areal flood warnings. There could still be some lingering issues as any existing ice jams may tend to become frozen in place due to the continued cold temperatures expected over the next few days. Warmer weather is not expected until the weekend. In terms of precipitation, a moderate snowfall is expected for much of the area from today into Wednesday, with heavy snowfall from the northern and central Taconics eastward across western New England. For details on specific area rivers and lakes, including observed and forecast river stages and lake elevations, please visit the Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service /AHPS/ graphs on our website.
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&& .ALY WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
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CT...Winter Storm Warning from 5 PM this afternoon to 3 PM EST Wednesday for CTZ001-013. NY...Winter Weather Advisory from 7 AM this morning to 3 PM EST Wednesday for NYZ032-033-038>043-047>053-058>060-063>066- 082>084. Winter Storm Warning from 5 PM this afternoon to 3 PM EST Wednesday for NYZ054-061. MA...Winter Storm Warning from 5 PM this afternoon to 3 PM EST Wednesday for MAZ001-025. VT...Winter Storm Warning from 5 PM this afternoon to 3 PM EST Wednesday for VTZ013>015.
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&& $$ SYNOPSIS...JPV NEAR TERM...JPV SHORT TERM...JPV LONG TERM...NAS AVIATION...NAS HYDROLOGY...11/JPV

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