Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Birmingham, AL

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DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BIRMINGHAM AL
138 PM CDT THU AUG 11 2016

...SEVERE DROUGHT PERSISTS IN PORTIONS OF CENTRAL ALABAMA...

SYNOPSIS...SEVERE DROUGHT CONDITIONS CONTINUE IN PORTIONS OF CENTRAL
ALABAMA DESPITE RECENT RAINFALL. THE LATEST U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR NOW
INDICATES THAT SEVERE DROUGHT CONDITIONS EXIST TO THE RIGHT OF A
LINE FROM NEAR CENTRE TO DADEVILLE TO TALLASSEE TO PHENIX CITY AND
ALSO IN PORTIONS OF SHELBY...ST. CLAIR AND WESTERN TALLADEGA
COUNTIES. SEVERE DROUGHT IS ALSO INDICATED IN NORTHWEST PORTIONS OF
CENTRAL ALABAMA TO THE RIGHT OF A LINE FROM WEST OF HACKLEBURG TO
BRILLIANT TO PICKENSVILLE. MODERATE DROUGHT IS INDICATED WEST OF A
LINE FROM BELLAMY TO OLNEY TO EAST OF BRILLIANT TO HACKLEBURG.
MODERATE DROUGHT IS ALSO INDICATED EAST OF A LINE FROM GARDEN CITY
TO PINSON TO GOODSPRINGS TO CENTREVILLE TO PLANTERSVILLE TO
WILSONVILLE TO ECLECTIC TO SEALE. REMAINING AREAS ARE INDICATED TO
BE NEAR NORMAL TO ABNORMALLY DRY.

THE DROUGHT MONITOR CLASSIFIES DROUGHT WITHIN ONE OF THESE FIVE
CATEGORIES:

D0...ABNORMALLY DRY
D1...MODERATE DROUGHT
D2...SEVERE DROUGHT
D3...EXTREME DROUGHT
D4...EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT

CLIMATE SUMMARY...

IN GENERAL...FAIRLY NORMAL RAINFALL OCCURRED DURING THE PAST WEEK
ACROSS MUCH OF CENTRAL ALABAMA. EVEN THOUGH THERE HAS BEEN SOME
RAINFALL ACROSS THE AREA DURING THE PAST WEEK IT HAS NOT BEEN
WIDESPREAD OR HEAVY ENOUGH TO PRODUCE MAJOR IMPROVEMENT IN THE
DROUGHT CONDITIONS FOUND ACROSS CENTRAL ALABAMA

SOME PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS (INCHES) FOR CENTRAL ALABAMA SINCE
JANUARY 1ST...

BIRMINGHAM    33.28
MONTGOMERY    32.44
ANNISTON      25.61
TUSCALOOSA    30.04
CALERA        29.43
TROY          30.62

NORMAL PRECIPITATION EXPECTED (INCHES) AND DEPARTURE FROM NORMAL
(INCHES) JANURARY 1ST THROUGH AUGUST 10TH...

BIRMINGHAM    34.52  DOWN 4.48
MONTGOMERY    34.08  DOWN 1.64
ANNISTON      32.79  DOWN 7.18
TUSCALOOSA    33.75  DOWN 3.71
CALERA        34.77  DOWN 5.34
TROY          35.10  DOWN 4.48

AGRICULTURAL IMPACTS...

THE LATEST UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (USDA) REPORTS
INDICATE THAT CROPS ARE STILL SUFFERING BECAUSE OF HEAT STRESS AND
DRY CONDITIONS, BUT THERE HAS BEEN SOME IMPROVEMENT IN LOCALIZED
AREAS DUE TO RECENT RAINFALL. PASTURES ARE STILL HURTING IN SOME
AREAS AND THE WET WEATHER HAS HAMPERED SOME HAY CUTTING.

THE LATEST REPORTS FROM THE USDA (FROM AUGUST 8, 2016)

             PERCENT POOR OR WORSE     PERCENT FAIR OR BETTER

CATTLE               10                          90
PASTURE &            27                          73
RANGE
COTTON                6                          94
SOYBEANS             13                          87
PEANUTS               0                         100

FIRE DANGER IMPACTS...

THE FIRE DANGER RISK ACROSS CENTRAL ALABAMA HAS INCREASED DUE TO THE
RECENT BELOW NORMAL RAINFALL. KEETCH-BYRAM DROUGHT INDICES (KBDI)
GENERALLY RANGE FROM 400 TO 600 ACROSS CENTRAL ALABAMA. VALUES ABOVE
500 INDICATE A SEVERE FIRE DANGER.

THE ALABAMA FORESTRY COMMISSION REPORTS THAT THERE IS NO FIRE-ALERT
OR DROUGHT EMERGENCY CURRENTLY ISSUED. HOWEVER THE STATE FORESTER IS
STILL URGING EVERYONE TO USE ALL NECESSARY SAFETY PRECAUTIONS WHEN
DOING ANY TYPE OF OUTDOOR BURNING.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...

STREAM FLOWS REPORTED BY USGS GAGES ARE CURRENTLY RUNNING NEAR
NORMAL ACROSS MUCH OF THE AREA DUE TO RECENT RAINFALL. HOWEVER SOME
GAGES...ESPECIALLY IN EASTERN SECTIONS OF CENTRAL
ALABAMA...CONTINUETO INDICATE BELOW NORMAL STREAMFLOWS.

IN GENERAL MOST MAJOR RESERVOIRS ARE NEAR THEIR SUMMER POOL LEVELS
ALTHOUGH SOME ARE BEGINNING TO SHOW SOME SMALL DECLINES...
ESPECIALLY IN THE TALLAPOOSA RIVER BASIN. LISTED BELOW ARE CURRENT
LEVELS FOR SOME OF THE MAJOR RESERVOIRS ACROSS CENTRAL ALABAMA AND
LEVELS FROM JULY 14TH:

RESERVOIR             LEVEL FOR 08/11/16     LEVEL FOR 07/28/16

WEISS                       563.2                   563.2
NEELY HENRY                 507.2                   507.2
LOGAN MARTIN                464.2                   464.1
LAY                         395.8                   395.8
MITCHELL                    311.9                   311.8
JORDAN                      251.4                   251.5
R.L.HARRIS                  791.4                   791.7
MARTIN                      488.1                   488.2
SMITH                       504.1                   595.2
BANKHEAD                    254.8                   254.9
HOLT                        186.5                   186.7

SOCIAL IMPACTS...

MOST AREA RESERVOIR LEVELS ARE AT OR NEAR THEIR SUMMER POOL
LEVELS...ALTHOUGH SOME HAVE FALLEN DUE TO THE DRY CONDITIONS AND LOW
STREAMFLOWS. CURRENTLY THERE IS NOT A SIGNIFICANT THREAT OF
MUNICIPAL WATER SHORTAGES.

PRECIPITATION AND TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...

WEAK TROUGHING ALOFT WILL PREVAIL INTO THE WEEKEND...ALLOWING FOR
PERIODIC WEATHER DISTURBANCES TO BRING SCATTERED SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS TO PORTIONS OF CENTRAL ALABAMA. HOWEVER...BY THE
MIDDLE OF NEXT WEEK UPPER LEVEL RIDGING IS FORECAST TO INCREASE
AGAIN ACROSS THE AREA BRINGING A RETURN TO SOMEWHAT LOWER RAIN
CHANCES BACK TO THE AREA. RAINFALL THROUGH THE MIDDLE OF NEXT WEEK
IS FORECAST TO AVERAGE AROUND ONE TO TWO INCHES ACROSS THE
AREA...ALTHOUGH THERE COULD BE SOME SPOTTY HEAVIER TOTALS.

THE TWO WEEK OUTLOOK...FROM AUGUST 16TH THROUGH AUGUST 24TH...CALLS
FOR NEAR NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION CHANCES.

THE LONGER-RANGE OUTLOOK FOR THE REMAINDER OF AUGUST THROUGH OCTOBER
IS FOR ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND BELOW NORMAL CHANCES OF
PRECIPITATION.

THE LATEST SEASONAL DROUGHT OUTLOOK THROUGH OCTOBER INDICATES THAT
IN GENERAL DROUGHT CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED TO PERSIST ACROSS AREAS
CURRENTLY EXPERIENCING THEM IN CENTRAL ALABAMA...AND POSSIBLY
DEVELOP FARTHER SOUTHWARD ACROSS CENTRAL ALABAMA.

UPDATE STATEMENT...

THE NEXT STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED BY AROUND THURSDAY AUGUST 25TH.



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