Public Information Statement
Issued by NWS Binghamton, NY

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NOUS41 KBGM 091050
PNSBGM

PAZ038>040-043-044-047-048-072-100500

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BINGHAMTON NY
550 AM EST SUN NOV 9 2014

...PENNSYLVANIA WINTER WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK CONTINUES...

THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WILL FEATURE A DIFFERENT EDUCATIONAL
TOPIC EACH WEEK DAY DURING WINTER WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK. TODAYS
TOPIC:

PREPARING FOR WINTER WEATHER.

ONE OF THE KEY LESSONS FROM NATURAL DISASTERS OVER THE LAST SEVERAL
YEARS IS THAT INDIVIDUALS MUST BE PREPARED TO DEAL WITH THE EFFECTS
OF HAZARDOUS WEATHER CONDITIONS. TODAY WE EXPLORE STEPS YOU CAN TAKE
TO MITIGATE AGAINST PENNSYLVANIA`S SOMETIMES HARSH WINTER WEATHER.

HEAVY SNOW CAN PILE UP SEVERAL FEET...DELIGHTING SKIERS...BUT
CLOGGING ROADS OR TRAPPING US IN OUR HOMES. FREEZING RAIN CAN
ROB US OF ELECTRICITY OR TURN OUR HIGHWAYS INTO DEADLY
THOROUGHFARES. BITING COLD AND STRONG WINDS CAN MAKE THE
SPOT BY THE FIREPLACE SEEM COZY...BUT THEY ALSO NUMB OUR
FINGERS AND TOES...OR EVEN WORSE. THESE ARE ALL FACTS OF
LIFE IN OUR TEMPERATE CLIMATE DURING THE WINTER. HOWEVER...THERE
IS PLENTY WE CAN DO TO HELP PROTECT OURSELVES AND OUR LOVED ONES.

WINTER IS THE MOST DANGEROUS TIME OF THE YEAR FOR DRIVERS. NEARLY
THREE OUT OF EVERY FOUR WINTER WEATHER RELATED DEATHS OCCUR ON OUR
HIGHWAYS. WHEN ROADS ARE SNOW COVERED OR ICY...SLOW DOWN AND DRIVE
VERY CAREFULLY.

THE COLD WEATHER ALSO PUTS AN ADDED STRAIN ON VEHICLES. WE
SUGGEST...IF YOU HAVE NOT ALREADY DONE SO...THAT YOU GET YOUR
CAR IN GOOD MECHANICAL WORKING ORDER NOW. MAKE SURE IT IS
TUNED UP. CHECK YOUR TIRES...BRAKES...WINDSHIELD WIPERS...AND
ANTIFREEZE. IF YOUR CAR IS IN GOOD WORKING ORDER...THERE IS
LESS CHANCE IT WILL FAIL WHEN YOU NEED IT MOST.

CONSIDER KEEPING A BLANKET OR A SLEEPING BAG IN YOUR CAR.
PREPARE A WINTER STORM SURVIVAL KIT FOR YOUR CAR. THIS KIT SHOULD
INCLUDE A FIRST AID KIT...FLASHLIGHT WITH FRESH BATTERIES...
SHOVEL...SACK OF SAND OR CAT LITTER...BOOSTER CABLES...TOW
ROPE...ICE SCRAPER AND BRUSH...CANDY BARS OR OTHER HIGH ENERGY NON
PERISHABLE FOOD...AND PAPER TOWELS. YOU SHOULD KEEP YOUR GAS TANK AT
LEAST HALF FULL TO AVOID ICE IN THE TANK AND FUEL LINES.

CALL AHEAD TO YOUR DESTINATION TO TELL SOMEONE YOU ARE ON YOUR WAY.
TRY NOT TO TRAVEL ALONE AND USE PRIMARY ROADS AS OFTEN AS POSSIBLE.
IF YOU ARE STUCK IN YOUR CAR DURING A WINTER STORM...STAY
THERE...AND TIE A BRIGHTLY COLORED CLOTH TO THE ANTENNA. DO NOT
ATTEMPT TO WALK TO SAFETY UNLESS YOU CAN CLEARLY SEE THE SHELTER YOU
WISH TO REACH.

YOU ARE MORE LIKELY TO BE RESCUED FROM YOUR VEHICLE THAN FROM A BARN
OR OTHER UNINHABITED...OUT OF THE WAY BUILDING. WHILE WAITING FOR
HELP RUN THE VEHICLES ENGINE AND HEATER FOR SEVERAL MINUTES EVERY
HOUR...JUST ENOUGH TO KEEP FROM BECOMING UNREASONABLY COLD. MAKE
SURE TO OPEN A WINDOW SLIGHTLY...AND CLEAR SNOW FROM THE TAILPIPE.
THIS WILL HELP PREVENT CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING FROM THE EXHAUST.

DRESS WARMLY FOR THE COLD WEATHER. SEVERAL LAYERS OF LOOSE
FITTING CLOTHING ARE BETTER THAN ONE TIGHT FITTING GARMENT.
MITTENS ARE WARMER THAN GLOVES. DO NOT FORGET YOUR HAT SINCE
THE BODY`S GREATEST HEAT LOSS OCCURS THROUGH YOUR HEAD. WIND
CHILL...THE COMBINATION OF COLD TEMPERATURES AND WIND...CAN
BE A REAL PROBLEM. A TWENTY MILE AN HOUR WIND MAKES A BEARABLE
THIRTY DEGREES FEEL LIKE A BITTER 17 DEGREES. THIS CAN HAVE
AN ADVERSE EFFECT ON YOUR BODY. THE STRONG WIND INCREASES THE
DANGER OF FROSTBITE OR HYPOTHERMIA.

BE ESPECIALLY CAUTIOUS WHEN VENTURING OUT ONTO AN ICE COVERED
BODY OF WATER. AN ICE THICKNESS OF AT LEAST FOUR INCHES IS
RECOMMENDED TO SUPPORT A PERSON. SNOWMOBILES AND ATVS NEED AT
LEAST FIVE INCHES OF ICE...WHILE CARS AND LIGHT TRUCKS REQUIRE
AT LEAST EIGHT TO 12 INCHES. FACTORS WHICH CAN BE USED TO ASSESS THE
STRENGTH OF THE ICE INCLUDE THE ICE APPEARANCE...THICKNESS...DAILY
TEMPERATURE...SNOW COVER...AND DISTRIBUTION OF THE LOAD ON THE ICE.

FOR MORE INFORMATION ON PENNSYLVANIA WINTER WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK
GO TO:

HTTP://WEATHER.GOV/CTP/WINTERWEATHERAWARENESSWEEK

YOU CAN ALSO VISIT OUR FACEBOOK PAGE WHICH CAN BE ACCESSED
AT HTTP://WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/NWSBINGHAMTON AND TWITTER AT
HTTP://WWW.TWITTER.COM/NWSBINGHAMTON  YOU CAN ALSO FOLLOW
ALONG USING THE HASHTAG #WINTERPREP.

YOU CAN ALSO CONTACT DAVE NICOSIA WARNING COORDINATION
METEOROLOGIST FOR NOAA`S NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN
BINGHAMTON AT 607-770-9531 X 223 OR VIA EMAIL AT
DAVID.NICOSIA@NOAA.GOV

$$
DJN








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