Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Birmingham, AL

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AXUS74 KBMX 221556 AAA
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ALC001-005>011-015>021-027-029-037-047-051-055-057-
063-065-073-075-081-085>093-101-105>127-261200-

DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BIRMINGHAM AL
1020 AM CDT THU SEP 22 2016

...SEVERE DROUGHT CONTINUES IN PARTS OF CENTRAL ALABAMA...

SYNOPSIS...THE LATEST U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR REFLECTS CONTINUED SEVERE
DROUGHT CONDITIONS FOR AREAS NEAR AND ALONG THE ALABAMA AND GEORGIA
STATE LINE...EXTENDING LEFT OF A LINE FROM CHESTERFIELD TO LAKE
CHINNABEETO ALEXANDER CITY TO TUSKEGEE. SEVERE DROUGHT IN ST. CLAIR
COUNTY HAS EXPANDED DEEPER INTO BLOUNT...JEFFERSON...AND SHELBY
COUNTIES. SEVERE DROUGHT REMAINS IN PLACE ACROSS LAMAR COUNTY AS
WELL. A LARGE SWATH OF MODERATE DROUGHT SURROUNDS THE AREA OF SEVERE
DROUGHT. ABNORMALLY DRY CONDITIONS ARE INDICATED ALONGA AND LEFT OF
A LINE FROM TUSCALOOSA TO AUTAUGAVILLE.

THE DROUGHT MONITOR CLASSIFIES DROUGHT WITHIN ONE OF THESE FIVE
CATEGORIES:

D0...ABNORMALLY DRY
D1...MODERATE DROUGHT
D2...SEVERE DROUGHT
D3...EXTREME DROUGHT
D4...EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT

CLIMATE SUMMARY...

WHILE THERE HAVE BEEN OCCURRENCES OF RAINFALL ACROSS CENTRAL
ALABAMA...THEY HAVE BEEN EQUALLY MATCHED OR EVEN OUTDONE BY LONGER-
DURATION PERIODS OF DRY AND HOT WEATHER. DAYTIME HIGHS HAVE
FREQUENTLY EXCEEDED NORMAL DAYTIME HIGHS BY SEVERAL
DEGREES...PEAKING IN THE MID 90S. RAINFALL DEFICITS SO FAR THIS
MONTH ARE ONE TO TWO INCHES BELOW AVERAGE...WITH THREE TO TEN INCH
DEFICITS GOING BACK TO THE START OF THE YEAR. THUS...DROUGHT
COVERAGE HAS CHANGED LITTLE...THOUGH AREAS HAVE SEEN A WORSENING IN
THE INTENSITY OF DROUGHT CONDITIONS.

SOME PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS (INCHES) FOR CENTRAL ALABAMA SINCE
JANUARY 1ST...

BIRMINGHAM    35.85
MONTGOMERY    35.28
ANNISTON      26.46
TUSCALOOSA    32.07
CALERA        31.66
TROY          34.22

NORMAL PRECIPITATION EXPECTED (INCHES) AND DEPARTURE FROM NORMAL
(INCHES) JANURARY 1ST THROUGH SEPTEMBER 7TH...

BIRMINGHAM    39.79  DOWN 3.94
MONTGOMERY    39.57  DOWN 4.29
ANNISTON      36.96  DOWN 10.50
TUSCALOOSA    38.33  DOWN 6.26
CALERA        40.82  DOWN 9.16
TROY          40.88  DOWN 6.66

AGRICULTURAL IMPACTS...

THE LATEST UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (USDA) REPORT
INDICATES THAT A LACK OF RAINFALL IS NEGATIVELY IMPACTING
EXISTING CROPS AND PREPARATIONS FOR FALL CROPS.

THE LATEST REPORTS FROM THE USDA (FROM SEPTEMBER 19, 2016)

             PERCENT POOR OR WORSE     PERCENT FAIR OR BETTER

CATTLE               10                          90
PASTURE &            26                          74
RANGE
COTTON                5                          95
SOYBEANS             11                          89
PEANUTS               1                          99

FIRE DANGER IMPACTS...

THE FIRE DANGER RISK ACROSS CENTRAL ALABAMA REMAINS HIGH ACROSS MUCH
OF CENTRAL ALABAMA DESPITE ISOLATED INSTANCES OF RAINFALL. KEETCH-
BYRAM DROUGHT INDICES (KBDI) GENERALLY RANGE FROM 500 TO 700 ACROSS
MUCH OF CENTRAL ALABAMA. VALUES ABOVE 500 INDICATE A SEVERE FIRE
DANGER.

THE ALABAMA FORESTRY COMMISSION REPORTS THAT THERE IS NO FIRE-ALERT
OR DROUGHT EMERGENCY CURRENTLY ISSUED. HOWEVER THE STATE FORESTER IS
STILL URGING EVERYONE TO USE ALL NECESSARY SAFETY PRECAUTIONS WHEN
DOING ANY TYPE OF OUTDOOR BURNING.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...

STREAM FLOWS REPORTED BY USGS GAGES ARE CURRENTLY RUNNING BELOW
NORMAL AT MOST GAUGING STATIONS IN CENTRAL ALABAMA.

OVER THE PAST SEVERAL WEEKS...RESERVOIR POOL LEVELS HAVE REMAINED
FARILY STEADY...WITH SLIGHT DROPS AT A FEW SITES. LISTED BELOW ARE
CURRENT LEVELS FOR SOME OF THE MAJOR RESERVOIRS ACROSS CENTRAL
ALABAMA FROM SEPTEMBER 8TH:

RESERVOIR             LEVEL FOR 09/22/16     LEVEL FOR 09/08/16

WEISS                       560.9                   561.7
NEELY HENRY                 506.8                   506.6
LOGAN MARTIN                462.7                   462.8
LAY                         396.0                   395.8
MITCHELL                    311.9                   311.6
JORDAN                      251.5                   251.4
R.L.HARRIS                  790.6                   791.0
MARTIN                      486.1                   487.1
SMITH                       500.0                   501.4
BANKHEAD                    254.6                   254.6
HOLT                        186.2                   186.4

SOCIAL IMPACTS...

MOST RESERVOIRS HAVE LEVELED OFF AFTER DROPPING FROM THEIR NORMAL
SUMMER POOL LEVELS DUE TO PERSISTENT DRY CONDITIONS AND LOW
STREAMFLOWS. HOWEVER...CURRENTLY THERE IS NOT A SIGNIFICANT THREAT
OF MUNICIPAL WATER SHORTAGES.

PRECIPITATION AND TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...

HIGH PRESSURE REMAINS IN CONTROL THROUGH THE WEEKEND...WITH
POTENTIAL FOR A FRONT TO APPROACH OR MOVE INTO THE REGION NEXT WEEK.
THIS COULD PROVIDE A REPRIEVE FROM HOT TEMPERATUERS AND OFFER SOME
SPOTTY RAINFALL. BEYOND...HIGH PRESSURE MAY AGAIN ESTABLISH ITSELF
AND KEEP THE TREND OF MAINLY DRY CONDITIONS.

THE TWO WEEK OUTLOOK...FROM SEPTEMBER 29TH THROUGH OCTOBER
5TH...CALLS FOR ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND PRECIPITATION RANGING
FROM NEAR NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL.

THE LONGER-RANGE OUTLOOK FOR THE REMAINDER OF OCTOBER THROUGH
DECEMBER IS FOR ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND BELOW NORMAL CHANCES
OF PRECIPITATION.

THE LATEST SEASONAL DROUGHT OUTLOOK THROUGH DECEMBER INDICATES
THAT...IN GENERAL...DROUGHT CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED TO PERSIST
ACROSS PORTIONS OF CENTRAL ALABAMA...AND POSSIBLY EXPAND IN COVERAGE.

UPDATE STATEMENT...

THE NEXT STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED BY AROUND THURSDAY OCTOBER
6TH...UNLESS SIGNIFICANT CHANGES TO DROUGHT CONDITIONS OCCUR.



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