Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Aberdeen, SD

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FXUS63 KABR 191741 AAB
AFDABR

Area Forecast Discussion...UPDATED
National Weather Service Aberdeen SD
1241 PM CDT Tue Sep 19 2017

.UPDATE...
Issued at 1231 PM CDT Tue Sep 19 2017

Made a few minor changes to the forecast for today. Isolated to
scattered showers and thunderstorms are on going between Aberdeen
and Mobridge. These weak storms developed a bit earlier than
expected. The main severe weather activity should develop closer
to 4 pm between Aberdeen and highway 83. Convective parameters are
best along and east of the Jame River Valley from 4 pm through 9
pm. Large hail and damaging winds can be expected. Excellent 0-1
km bulk shear values and low LCL heights will also set the stage
for tornadoes.

&&

.SHORT TERM...(Today through Thursday Afternoon)
Issued at 428 AM CDT Tue Sep 19 2017

Will be launching a special 18Z sounding to support us in this
severe weather regime. BIS will also be doing an 18Z launch.

The 500mb pattern shows a large 500mb low over southwestern Canada,
with a trough set up across much of the western U.S. and
southwesterly flow across the Plains States. As the day progresses,
this low will move into Alberta with a strong shortwave trough
spreading into the Dakotas.

Initially, will start off with plenty of low stratus and fog to deal
with over eastern SD and western MN. Taking a look at the latest
GOES-13 imagery, the clouds at or below 10kft have been able to make
it as far west as McPherson and Edmunds Counties down through Hand
County. This was pretty well forecast by the NAM/NamDNG. Will
continue to utilize these solutions through the morning hours.
Dewpoints in the upper 50s to mid 60s have been able to surge
northeast across the region this morning. The lower clouds will
slowly diminish through the late morning hours.

Will be watching to our west for areas of clearing ahead of the
nearing cold front, where convection should be developing around 21Z
this afternoon. Initially, the concern will be for large hail and
rotation with any supercells that develop with high shear values.
The threat looks to transition to more of a line or multi-line wind
event over far eastern SD and western MN by the evening hours. The
strengthening low level jet will assist in keeping storms going
after 00Z. Agree with SPC Day 1 outlook with severe weather holding
off until mainly after 20Z, and Enhanced Risk over all but our
western 2-3 tiers of counties. Continue to track the sfc low over
eastern MT/WY, with a cold front nearing SD and warm front stretched
east across much of the state.

The shower and thunderstorm threat will exit into Minnesota late
tonight and overnight, with dry weather then taking hold through
Thursday. Will need to take another look at the need for fire
weather headlines over our far southwestern counties Wednesday. At
this point, winds are borderline a a little too low. Still, will be
mixing to around 800mb and tapping into some winds closer to 20kts
with plenty of dry air as rh values fall at or below 20 percent by
around 20Z.

.LONG TERM...(Thursday Evening through Monday)
Issued at 428 AM CDT Tue Sep 19 2017

An area of low pressure will move into the region on Thursday night.
The nose of the warm front will help some showers and thunderstorms
develop over northeast SD and west central MN. Behind the sfc low,
considerable upper level energy will eject into the region out of a
deep upper level longwave trough in the western CONUS. Cold air
advection will enhance this energy and more widespread showers are
expected Friday night through Sunday night. The caa coupled with the
cloud cover and precip will suppress high temperatures. Temps will
fall behind the low from highs in the 70s to highs in the 50s and
lower 60s. These well below average highs will remain through
Tuesday.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 18Z TAFS through 18Z Wednesday Afternoon)
Issued at 1231 PM CDT Tue Sep 19 2017

A cold front will cross the region later this afternoon through
tonight. Low stratus and gusty southeasterly winds can be expected
ahead of the cold front. Showers and thunderstorms, some of which
could be severe, will accompany the frontal boundary as it marches
across the region. Periods of IFR and MVFR conditions will be
possible with the front. Winds will become westerly post frontal.

&&


.ABR WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
SD...None.
MN...None.
&&

$$

UPDATE...SD
SHORT TERM...KF
LONG TERM...Wise
AVIATION...SD



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