Routine Fire Wx Fcst (With/Without 6-10 Day Outlook)
Issued by NWS Portland, ME

Home | Current Version | Previous Version | Text Only | Print | Product List | Glossary On
Versions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
000
FNUS51 KGYX 200754
FWFGYX

Fire Weather Planning Forecast for Western Maine and New Hampshire
National Weather Service Gray ME
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

.DISCUSSION...
Moist air will remain in place into tonight. Gusty winds will
develop later today and continue through Thursday, with min RH
dropping to 40-50 percent Thursday afternoon. Wetting rains are
not likely. Dry and warm conditions will persist through the
weekend.

&&

MEZ023-202115-
Coastal York-
Including the cities of Biddeford, Saco, Old Orchard Beach,
and Kittery
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

                      Today        Tonight      Thu

Cloud cover           Cloudy       MCldy        PCldy
Precip type           Showers      Showers      None
Chance precip (%)     40           20           20
Temp (24h trend)      71 (+4)      61 (0)       76
RH % (24h trend)      80 (-5)      94 (-6)      49
20ftWnd - AM(mph)     NE 14 G28                 N 17 G33
20ftWnd - PM(mph)     NE 15 G28    NE 16 G29    NE 15 G32
Precip amount         0.06         0.00         0.00
Precip duration       2            1
Precip begin          6 AM         Continuing
Precip end            Continuing   12 AM
LAL                   1            1            1
Haines Index          3            3            3
Mixing hgt(ft-AGL)    1970                      3730
Transport wnd (mph)   NE 18                     NE 23
Vent rate (kt-ft)     31520                     74600
CWR                   10           0            0

REMARKS...None.

$$

MEZ024-202115-
Coastal Cumberland-
Including the cities of Portland, Cape Elizabeth, South Portland,
Westbrook, Yarmouth, and Brunswick
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

                      Today        Tonight      Thu

Cloud cover           Cloudy       MCldy        PCldy
Precip type           Showers      None         None
Chance precip (%)     40           20           0
Temp (24h trend)      73 (+4)      61 (-1)      76
RH % (24h trend)      77 (-8)      94 (-6)      49
20ftWnd - AM(mph)     NE 11 G23                 N 15 G29
20ftWnd - PM(mph)     NE 12 G23    NE 13 G27    NE 14 G28
Precip amount         0.04         0.00         0.00
Precip duration       2
Precip begin          6 AM
Precip end            6 PM
LAL                   1            1            1
Haines Index          3            3            3
Mixing hgt(ft-AGL)    2770                      3710
Transport wnd (mph)   NE 15                     NE 20
Vent rate (kt-ft)     36010                     63070
CWR                   10           0            0

REMARKS...None.

$$

MEZ025>028-202115-
Sagadahoc-Lincoln-Knox-Coastal Waldo-
Including the cities of Arrowsic, Bath, Phippsburg, Bowdoinham,
Topsham, Bowdoin, Whitefield, Dresden, Alna, Bremen, Bristol,
Damariscotta, Newcastle, Boothbay Harbor, Wiscasset, Waldoboro,
Owls Head, Rockland, Appleton, Camden, Hope, Rockport, Thomaston,
Belfast, Northport, Searsmont, and Lincolnville
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

                      Today        Tonight      Thu

Cloud cover           Cloudy       MCldy        PCldy
Precip type           Showers      None         None
Chance precip (%)     40           20           0
Temp (24h trend)      73 (+6)      60 (-1)      76
RH % (24h trend)      77 (-9)      96 (-4)      48
20ftWnd - AM(mph)     NE  8 G20                 NE 14 G29
20ftWnd - PM(mph)     NE 11 G23    NE 11 G27    NE 14 G28
Precip amount         0.04         0.00         0.00
Precip duration       2
Precip begin          6 AM
Precip end            6 PM
LAL                   1            1            1
Haines Index          3            3            3
Mixing hgt(ft-AGL)    3990                      3780
Transport wnd (mph)   NE 16                     NE 20
Vent rate (kt-ft)     55860                     64260
CWR                   0            0            0

REMARKS...None.

$$

MEZ018-202115-
Interior York-
Including the cities of Hollis, Alfred, Lebanon, Sanford,
Goodwins Mills, Buxton, Limington, and Berwick
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

                      Today        Tonight      Thu

Cloud cover           Cloudy       MCldy        PCldy
Precip type           Showers      None         None
Chance precip (%)     40           20           0
Temp (24h trend)      72 (+4)      59 (-1)      76
RH % (24h trend)      79 (-6)      96 (-4)      48
20ftWnd - AM(mph)     NE  9 G20                 N 13 G24
20ftWnd - PM(mph)     NE 11 G23    N 12 G24     NE 12 G24
Precip amount         0.03         0.00         0.00
Precip duration       2
Precip begin          6 AM
Precip end            6 PM
LAL                   1            1            1
Haines Index          3            3            3
Mixing hgt(ft-AGL)    2210                      3730
Transport wnd (mph)   NE 16                     NE 20
Vent rate (kt-ft)     30940                     63410
CWR                   10           0            0

REMARKS...None.

$$

MEZ012>014-019>022-202115-
Southern Oxford-Southern Franklin-Southern Somerset-
Interior Cumberland-Androscoggin-Kennebec-Interior Waldo-
Including the cities of Bethel, Bryant Pond, Hanover,
Locke Mills, Milton, Newry, Rumford, Norway, Fryeburg, Oxford,
Farmington, New Sharon, New Vineyard, Temple, Wilton,
Chesterville, Jay, Athens, Cornville, Skowhegan, Palmyra,
Pittsfield, Embden, Madison, New Gloucester, Gray, North Windham,
Gorham, Bridgton, Greene, Lewiston, Sabattus, Wales, Minot,
Turner, Auburn, Livermore Falls, Augusta, Sidney, Windsor,
Vassalboro, Waterville, China, Palermo, Brooks, Jackson, Knox,
Liberty, Montville, Morrill, Waldo, Winterport, and Unity
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

                      Today        Tonight      Thu

Cloud cover           MCldy        MCldy        MClear
Precip type           Showers      None         None
Chance precip (%)     30           20           0
Temp (24h trend)      75 (+6)      57 (-3)      76
RH % (24h trend)      72 (-9)      94 (-6)      45
20ftWnd - AM(mph)     NE  6 G17                 N 11 G23
20ftWnd - PM(mph)     NE  9 G20    N  9 G20     NE 11 G23
Precip amount         0.00         0.00         0.00
Precip duration       1
Precip begin          6 AM
Precip end            4 PM
LAL                   1            1            1
Haines Index          3            3            4
Mixing hgt(ft-AGL)    3380                      3620
Transport wnd (mph)   NE 16                     NE 17
Vent rate (kt-ft)     47320                     54300
CWR                   0            0            0

REMARKS...None.

$$

MEZ007>009-202115-
Northern Oxford-Northern Franklin-Central Somerset-
Including the cities of Upton, Wilsons Mills, Andover, Byron,
Middle Dam, Roxbury, South Arm, Coburn Gore, Davis, Oquossoc,
Rangeley, Avon, Kingfield, Phillips, New Portland, Brassua,
Long Pond, Moosehead, Pittston Farm, Seboomook, Bingham,
and Jackman
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

                      Today        Tonight      Thu

Cloud cover           MCldy        PCldy        MClear
Precip type           None         None         None
Chance precip (%)     20           20           20
Temp (24h trend)      72 (+2)      52 (-5)      73
RH % (24h trend)      70 (+1)      96 (-3)      46
20ftWnd - AM(mph)     LGT/VAR                   NE  8 G20
20ftWnd - PM(mph)     NE  8 G19    NE  9 G20    NE  8 G17
Precip amount         0.00         0.00         0.00
Precip duration
Precip begin
Precip end
LAL                   1            1            1
Haines Index          3            2            4
Mixing hgt(ft-AGL)    3970                      3500
Transport wnd (mph)   NE 12                     NE 13
Vent rate (kt-ft)     39700                     38500
CWR                   0            0            0

REMARKS...None.

$$

NHZ011-202115-
Cheshire-
Including the cities of Gilsum, Keene, Marlow, Sullivan, Surry,
and Jaffrey
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

                      Today        Tonight      Thu

Cloud cover           MCldy        PCldy        PCldy
Precip type           Showers      None         None
Chance precip (%)     30           20           0
Temp (24h trend)      75 (+3)      60 (-2)      78
RH % (24h trend)      74 (0)       95 (-3)      50
20ftWnd - AM(mph)     NE  8 G19                 N  8 G20
20ftWnd - PM(mph)     NE  9 G19    NE  6        NE  9 G19
Precip amount         0.00         0.00         0.00
Precip duration       1
Precip begin          6 AM
Precip end            6 PM
LAL                   1            1            1
Haines Index          3            3            3
Mixing hgt(ft-AGL)    2120                      3950
Transport wnd (mph)   NE 21                     NE 18
Vent rate (kt-ft)     38160                     63200
CWR                   0            0            0

REMARKS...None.

$$

NHZ015-202115-
Western And Central Hillsborough-
Including the cities of Amherst, Milford, Mont Vernon, Goffstown,
Peterborough, Sharon, Hollis, and Weare
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

                      Today        Tonight      Thu

Cloud cover           Cloudy       MCldy        PCldy
Precip type           Showers      None         None
Chance precip (%)     30           20           20
Temp (24h trend)      72 (+3)      60 (-1)      77
RH % (24h trend)      79 (-1)      94 (-5)      49
20ftWnd - AM(mph)     N  8 G20                  N 10 G24
20ftWnd - PM(mph)     NE  9 G20    N  8 G20     NE 11 G24
Precip amount         0.00         0.00         0.00
Precip duration       2
Precip begin          6 AM
Precip end            6 PM
LAL                   1            1            1
Haines Index          3            3            3
Mixing hgt(ft-AGL)    1780                      3990
Transport wnd (mph)   NE 21                     NE 20
Vent rate (kt-ft)     32040                     67830
CWR                   0            0            0

REMARKS...None.

$$

NHZ012-202115-
Eastern Hillsborough-
Including the cities of Manchester, Pelham, and Nashua
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

                      Today        Tonight      Thu

Cloud cover           Cloudy       MCldy        PCldy
Precip type           Showers      None         None
Chance precip (%)     40           20           20
Temp (24h trend)      73 (+4)      62 (0)       78
RH % (24h trend)      81 (-2)      90 (-9)      50
20ftWnd - AM(mph)     NE 11 G20                 N 13 G27
20ftWnd - PM(mph)     NE 12 G23    N 12 G23     NE 13 G25
Precip amount         0.02         0.00         0.00
Precip duration       2
Precip begin          6 AM
Precip end            6 PM
LAL                   1            1            1
Haines Index          3            3            3
Mixing hgt(ft-AGL)    2140                      4210
Transport wnd (mph)   NE 21                     NE 22
Vent rate (kt-ft)     38520                     79990
CWR                   10           0            0

REMARKS...None.

$$

NHZ013-202115-
Interior Rockingham-
Including the cities of Salem, Atkinson, Newton, Plaistow,
Chester, Derry, Hampstead, and Exeter
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

                      Today        Tonight      Thu

Cloud cover           Cloudy       MCldy        PCldy
Precip type           Showers      None         None
Chance precip (%)     40           20           20
Temp (24h trend)      73 (+5)      61 (-1)      76
RH % (24h trend)      82 (-2)      93 (-6)      51
20ftWnd - AM(mph)     NE 10 G20                 N 14 G27
20ftWnd - PM(mph)     NE 12 G23    N 12 G23     NE 13 G27
Precip amount         0.03         0.00         0.00
Precip duration       2
Precip begin          6 AM
Precip end            6 PM
LAL                   1            1            1
Haines Index          3            3            3
Mixing hgt(ft-AGL)    2020                      4090
Transport wnd (mph)   NE 21                     NE 22
Vent rate (kt-ft)     36360                     77710
CWR                   10           0            0

REMARKS...None.

$$

NHZ014-202115-
Coastal Rockingham-
Including the cities of Greenland, Portsmouth, Rye, Hampton,
Hampton Falls, North Hampton, and Seabrook
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

                      Today        Tonight      Thu

Cloud cover           Cloudy       MCldy        PCldy
Precip type           Showers      Showers      None
Chance precip (%)     40           20           20
Temp (24h trend)      72 (+6)      61 (0)       76
RH % (24h trend)      84 (0)       98 (-2)      52
20ftWnd - AM(mph)     NE 13 G28                 N 17 G33
20ftWnd - PM(mph)     NE 16 G29    N 15 G28     NE 17 G32
Precip amount         0.06         0.01         0.00
Precip duration       2            1
Precip begin          6 AM         Continuing
Precip end            Continuing   12 AM
LAL                   1            1            1
Haines Index          3            3            3
Mixing hgt(ft-AGL)    1700                      3680
Transport wnd (mph)   NE 24                     NE 28
Vent rate (kt-ft)     35700                     88320
CWR                   10           0            0

REMARKS...None.

$$

NHZ007-202115-
Sullivan-
Including the cities of Claremont, Cornish, Unity, Croydon,
Goshen, Grantham, Lempster, Newport, and Charlestown
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

                      Today        Tonight      Thu

Cloud cover           MCldy        PCldy        MClear
Precip type           Showers      None         None
Chance precip (%)     20           20           0
Temp (24h trend)      75 (+3)      58 (-3)      79
RH % (24h trend)      71 (-3)      98 (+1)      47
20ftWnd - AM(mph)     NE  6 G17                 N  6 G17
20ftWnd - PM(mph)     NE  8 G17    NE  5        NE  8 G17
Precip amount         0.00         0.00         0.00
Precip duration       1
Precip begin          6 AM
Precip end            3 PM
LAL                   1            1            1
Haines Index          3            3            3
Mixing hgt(ft-AGL)    3290                      3900
Transport wnd (mph)   NE 15                     NE 14
Vent rate (kt-ft)     42770                     46800
CWR                   0            0            0

REMARKS...None.

$$

NHZ008-202115-
Merrimack-
Including the cities of Boscawen, Canterbury, Concord, Dunbarton,
Loudon, and Hooksett
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

                      Today        Tonight      Thu

Cloud cover           Cloudy       MCldy        PCldy
Precip type           Showers      None         None
Chance precip (%)     20           20           0
Temp (24h trend)      73 (+1)      60 (-1)      78
RH % (24h trend)      75 (+2)      94 (-4)      46
20ftWnd - AM(mph)     NE  7 G19                 N  9 G23
20ftWnd - PM(mph)     NE 10 G20    N  8 G20     NE 10 G23
Precip amount         0.00         0.00         0.00
Precip duration       1
Precip begin          6 AM
Precip end            5 PM
LAL                   1            1            1
Haines Index          3            3            3
Mixing hgt(ft-AGL)    2200                      3910
Transport wnd (mph)   NE 21                     NE 18
Vent rate (kt-ft)     39600                     62560
CWR                   0            0            0

REMARKS...None.

$$

NHZ010-202115-
Strafford-
Including the cities of Barrington, Rochester, Dover,
Rollinsford, Somersworth, Durham, and Madbury
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

                      Today        Tonight      Thu

Cloud cover           Cloudy       MCldy        PCldy
Precip type           Showers      None         None
Chance precip (%)     40           20           0
Temp (24h trend)      72 (+4)      60 (-1)      77
RH % (24h trend)      80 (-4)      94 (-6)      49
20ftWnd - AM(mph)     NE 10 G20                 N 13 G25
20ftWnd - PM(mph)     NE 12 G24    N 12 G24     NE 12 G25
Precip amount         0.02         0.00         0.00
Precip duration       2
Precip begin          6 AM
Precip end            6 PM
LAL                   1            1            1
Haines Index          3            3            3
Mixing hgt(ft-AGL)    1920                      3930
Transport wnd (mph)   NE 18                     NE 20
Vent rate (kt-ft)     30720                     66810
CWR                   10           0            0

REMARKS...None.

$$

NHZ009-202115-
Belknap-
Including the cities of Laconia, Gilford, and Meredith
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

                      Today        Tonight      Thu

Cloud cover           MCldy        MCldy        MClear
Precip type           Showers      None         None
Chance precip (%)     30           20           0
Temp (24h trend)      74 (+4)      59 (-2)      77
RH % (24h trend)      74 (-3)      95 (-4)      46
20ftWnd - AM(mph)     NE  8 G20                 NE 10 G23
20ftWnd - PM(mph)     NE 10 G23    NE  9 G23    NE 10 G23
Precip amount         0.00         0.00         0.00
Precip duration       1
Precip begin          6 AM
Precip end            4 PM
LAL                   1            1            1
Haines Index          3            3            3
Mixing hgt(ft-AGL)    2210                      3560
Transport wnd (mph)   NE 16                     NE 18
Vent rate (kt-ft)     30940                     56960
CWR                   0            0            0

REMARKS...None.

$$

NHZ005-202115-
Southern Grafton-
Including the cities of Lebanon, Lyme, Ashland, Ellsworth,
Holderness, Plymouth, and Rumney
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

                      Today        Tonight      Thu

Cloud cover           MCldy        PCldy        MClear
Precip type           Showers      None         None
Chance precip (%)     20           0            0
Temp (24h trend)      76 (+4)      58 (-2)      79
RH % (24h trend)      70 (0)       97 (-1)      43
20ftWnd - AM(mph)     NE  5 G17                 N  5 G17
20ftWnd - PM(mph)     NE  8 G19    N  6 G17     NE  6
Precip amount         0.00         0.00         0.00
Precip duration       1
Precip begin          6 AM
Precip end            12 PM
LAL                   1            1            1
Haines Index          3            3            3
Mixing hgt(ft-AGL)    3730                      3950
Transport wnd (mph)   NE 14                     NE 12
Vent rate (kt-ft)     44760                     39500
CWR                   0            0            0

REMARKS...None.

$$

NHZ006-202115-
Southern Carroll-
Including the cities of Wakefield, Bridgewater, Brookfield,
Ossipee, Tuftonboro, Wolfeboro, and Moultonborough
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

                      Today        Tonight      Thu

Cloud cover           MCldy        MCldy        MClear
Precip type           Showers      None         None
Chance precip (%)     30           20           0
Temp (24h trend)      74 (+5)      58 (-3)      77
RH % (24h trend)      73 (-6)      96 (-4)      45
20ftWnd - AM(mph)     NE  8 G23                 NE 10 G25
20ftWnd - PM(mph)     NE  9 G24    NE  9 G23    NE 10 G23
Precip amount         0.00         0.00         0.00
Precip duration       1
Precip begin          6 AM
Precip end            2 PM
LAL                   1            1            1
Haines Index          3            3            3
Mixing hgt(ft-AGL)    2420                      3350
Transport wnd (mph)   NE 16                     NE 18
Vent rate (kt-ft)     33880                     53600
CWR                   0            0            0

REMARKS...None.

$$

NHZ003-202115-
Northern Grafton-
Including the cities of Bethlehem, Lincoln, Littleton,
Sugar Hill, Thornton, Waterville Valley, and Woodstock
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

                      Today        Tonight      Thu

Cloud cover           MCldy        PCldy        MClear
Precip type           None         None         None
Chance precip (%)     20           0            0
Temp (24h trend)      76 (+4)      55 (-2)      78
RH % (24h trend)      64 (-2)      98 (-1)      44
20ftWnd - AM(mph)     NE  5 G19                 NE  7 G20
20ftWnd - PM(mph)     NE  9 G24    NE  7 G23    NE  8 G18
Precip amount         0.00         0.00         0.00
Precip duration
Precip begin
Precip end
LAL                   1            1            1
Haines Index          3            3            3
Mixing hgt(ft-AGL)    4190                      3920
Transport wnd (mph)   NE 15                     NE 12
Vent rate (kt-ft)     54470                     39200
CWR                   0            0            0

REMARKS...None.

$$

NHZ004-202115-
Northern Carroll-
Including the cities of Jackson, North Conway, Albany, Conway,
Chatham, and Crawford Notch
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

                      Today        Tonight      Thu

Cloud cover           MCldy        PCldy        MClear
Precip type           Showers      None         None
Chance precip (%)     20           20           0
Temp (24h trend)      74 (+5)      56 (-3)      75
RH % (24h trend)      73 (-3)      96 (-4)      45
20ftWnd - AM(mph)     NE  7 G20                 NE  9 G24
20ftWnd - PM(mph)     NE  9 G23    NE  9 G24    NE  9 G20
Precip amount         0.00         0.00         0.00
Precip duration       1
Precip begin          6 AM
Precip end            12 PM
LAL                   1            1            1
Haines Index          3            2            3
Mixing hgt(ft-AGL)    2800                      3260
Transport wnd (mph)   NE 16                     NE 15
Vent rate (kt-ft)     39200                     42380
CWR                   0            0            0

REMARKS...None.

$$

NHZ002-202115-
Southern Coos-
Including the cities of Berlin, Dummer, Milan, York Pond,
and Lancaster
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

                      Today        Tonight      Thu

Cloud cover           MCldy        PCldy        MClear
Precip type           None         None         None
Chance precip (%)     20           20           20
Temp (24h trend)      76 (+5)      53 (-3)      77
RH % (24h trend)      64 (+1)      99 (0)       43
20ftWnd - AM(mph)     NE  5 G19                 NE  7 G20
20ftWnd - PM(mph)     NE  9 G23    NE  7 G24    NE  8 G18
Precip amount         0.00         0.00         0.00
Precip duration
Precip begin
Precip end
LAL                   1            1            1
Haines Index          3            3            3
Mixing hgt(ft-AGL)    4530                      3570
Transport wnd (mph)   NE 15                     NE 12
Vent rate (kt-ft)     58890                     35700
CWR                   0            0            0

REMARKS...None.

$$

NHZ001-202115-
Northern Coos-
Including the cities of Errol, Millsfield, and Colebrook
354 AM EDT Wed Sep 20 2017

                      Today        Tonight      Thu

Cloud cover           PCldy        PCldy        Clear
Precip type           None         None         None
Chance precip (%)     20           20           0
Temp (24h trend)      73 (+2)      52 (-3)      74
RH % (24h trend)      68 (+2)      99 (0)       45
20ftWnd - AM(mph)     LGT/VAR                   NE  6
20ftWnd - PM(mph)     NE  8 G17    NE  6 G17    NE  8 G18
Precip amount         0.00         0.00         0.00
Precip duration
Precip begin
Precip end
LAL                   1            1            1
Haines Index          3            3            3
Mixing hgt(ft-AGL)    4390                      3520
Transport wnd (mph)   NE 13                     NE 12
Vent rate (kt-ft)     48290                     35200
CWR                   0            0            0

REMARKS...None.

$$

.FORECAST FOR DAYS 3 THROUGH 7...
.THURSDAY NIGHT...Mostly clear. Patchy fog. Lows around 50.
Northeast winds 5 to 10 mph.
.FRIDAY...Sunny. Patchy fog. Highs in the lower 70s. North winds
5 to 10 mph. Daytime humidity values moderate.
.FRIDAY NIGHT...Mostly clear. Lows in the lower 50s. North winds
around 5 mph.
.SATURDAY...Sunny. Highs in the upper 70s. Northwest winds around
5 mph. Daytime humidity values moderate.
.SATURDAY NIGHT...Mostly clear. Lows in the upper 50s. Northwest
winds around 5 mph.
.SUNDAY...Sunny. Highs in the lower 80s. Northwest winds around
5 mph. Daytime humidity values moderate.
.SUNDAY NIGHT...Partly cloudy. Lows in the upper 50s. West winds
around 5 mph.
.MONDAY...Mostly sunny. Highs around 80. Northwest winds around
5 mph. Daytime humidity values moderate.
.MONDAY NIGHT...Partly cloudy. Lows around 60. North winds around
5 mph.
.TUESDAY...Partly sunny with a chance of showers. Highs in the
mid 70s. Northeast winds around 5 mph. Daytime humidity values
high.

.OUTLOOK 8 TO 14 DAYS...
Temperatures near normal.  Precipitation above normal.

$$


USA.gov is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.