Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 312120
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
519 PM EDT TUE MAY 31 2016


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID JUN 01/0000 UTC THRU JUN 04/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1

18Z CYCLE UPDATE FOR DAY 1...
THE FINAL DAY 1 WAS ADJUSTED FOR SHORT TERM TRENDS FOR ACTIVE
CONVECTION OVER TEXAS...NAMELY TO INCREASE AMOUNTS IN DEEP SOUTH
TEXAS AS THE MORE UNSTABLE AIR IS EXPECTED TO BE TAPPED BY
OUTFLOWS ORIGINATING FROM BOTH CURRENT TEXAS ACTIVITY PLUS
ADDITIONAL CELLS FROM THE BORDER FROM OLD MEXICO.  THE WRF ARW AND
NSSL WRF PRODUCE LOCALLY HEAVY RAIN THIS EVENING.  ELSEWHERE
ADJUSTED WERE MADE TO FOLLOW GUIDANCE TO MOVE THE ACTIVITY A
LITTLE FASTER EAST IN THE GREAT LAKES...SLIGHTLY INCREASE AMOUNTS
NEAR THE POST-BONNIE CIRCULATION IN COASTAL NC...AND MOVE ACTIVITY
A LITTLE FURTHER EAST ON THE CO PLAINS FOLLOWING THE WRF
ARW/NMMB/18Z NAM AND NSSL WRF.

...CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN PLAINS...

A BROAD WARM SECTOR WAS IN PLACE...CHARACTERIZED BY SEASONABLY
RICH MOISTURE AND MODERATE INSTABILITY. MODELS PRODUCE WIDESPREAD
MODERATE RAINFALL AND EMBEDDED HEAVY RAINFALL THROUGH WEDNESDAY
AND BEYOND...AS THE FORCING MECHANISMS MIGRATE ONLY SLOWLY EAST
AND SOUTH. HEIGHT FALLS AND LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE ARE NOT
PARTICULARLY WELL FOCUSED THIS PERIOD...AND THE TIMING/PLACEMENT
OF CONVECTION WILL DEPEND TO A LARGE EXTENT ON CONVECTIVE
OUTFLOWS. GENERALLY SPEAKING...MODERATE QPF IS OUTLINED SOUTH OF
AN EFFECTIVE FRONTAL ZONE IN SOUTHERN OKLAHOMA...AND EAST OF THE
MOUNTAINS IN CENTRAL NEW MEXICO. WITHIN THIS ZONE...RADARS HAD LIT
UP WITH NUMEROUS THUNDERSTORMS...ALL EFFICIENT HEAVY RAIN
PRODUCERS...FROM CENTRAL TX TO SOUTHERN OK THIS AFTERNOON. LOWER
LEVEL UPSLOPE AND DEEP LAYER ASCENT...HOWEVER...WERE MAXIMIZED
FARTHER WEST ON THE HIGH PLAINS. THE TX/OK CONVECTION WILL LIKELY
SEND OUTFLOWS IN ALL DIRECTIONS...BUT WITH SOME PREFERENCE FOR
REDEVELOPMENT AND SUSTAINED RAINFALL WITHIN STRONGER LOW LEVEL
FLOW OVER SOUTHWEST TX AND THE WESTERN HILL COUNTRY...AS WELL AS
ALONG THE EFFECTIVE FRONTAL BOUNDARY IN THE RED RIVER VALLEY. AT
THE SAME TIME...EXPECT THE NEXT ROUND OF PROGRESSIVE CONVECTION TO
COME OUT OF EASTERN NEW MEXICO THIS EVENING.

THE LACK OF LARGE SCALE FOCUS...ALONG WITH FAIRLY SUBSTANTIAL
MODEL TRENDS FROM CYCLE TO CYCLE...CAUSES US TO ERR ON THE
CONSERVATIVE SIDE...BUT THE WPC FORECAST STILL DELIVERS VERY
WIDESPREAD 1 TO 2 INCH AREAL AVERAGE RAINFALL TO A REGION THAT IS
AS SATURATED AS IT CAN BE. DURING THIS CYCLE WE FOLLOWED THE
MULTI-MODEL TREND TO DECREASE QPF ACROSS CENTRAL/NORTHWEST
OKLAHOMA...BUT TO INCREASE IT ACROSS THE TEXAS HILL COUNTRY TOWARD
THE UPPER TEXAS COAST THROUGH WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON. WPC BLENDED THE
INHERITED FORECAST TOWARD THE 12Z UKMET AND GFS. THE 12Z NSSL WRF
AND GEM REGIONAL MODELS ALSO OFFER SUPPORT.


...NORTHERN PLAINS INTO THE UPPER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY...

MODEL TRENDS WERE PRETTY FLAT THIS CYCLE...WITH DAY 1 QPF FOCUSED
ESPECIALLY ALONG A DEVELOPING WARM FRONT IN CENTRAL
WISCONSIN...OUT AHEAD OF A MATURE AND SLOWLY MIGRATING CYCLONE
OVER NORTH DAKOTA. THIS SURFACE BOUNDARY MAY ALSO LEAD TO ENHANCED
CONVERGENCE / CONVECTIVE CELL REGENERATION AND/OR DEVIANT MOTION
LATER TODAY AS SURFACE-BASED THUNDERSTORMS DEVELOP. THIS COULD
ENHANCE THE POTENTIAL FOR LOCAL FLASH FLOODING...WITHIN A REGIME
OTHERWISE CHARACTERIZED BY THE POTENTIAL FOR SSW TO NNE TRAINING.
OUR PRIMARY FOCUS IN THIS AREA WAS TO REFINE A SLIGHT RISK OF
EXCESSIVE RAINFALL...WHILE LITTLE CHANGE IN ENSEMBLE QPF TOOLS
ARGUED FOR LITTLE CHANGE IN THE DETERMINISTIC WPC FORECAST.


...EAST COAST...

POST-TROPICAL BONNIE WILL CONTINUE TO HAMPER COASTAL SC/NC WITH
OCCASIONAL SMALL SCALE THUNDERSTORMS AND HEAVY RAIN. CONVECTION
THAT HAD FORMED NEAR THE CENTER OVERNIGHT BECAME QUICKLY OUTFLOW
DOMINATED THIS MORNING. CONVECTION OCCURRING OVER LAND...ON THE
WEST SIDE OF THE LOW TRACK...HAS TENDED TO BE DIURNALLY ENHANCED
DURING THE DAYTIME HEATING CYCLE...AND SHOULD CONTINUE IN THIS
FASHION THROUGH WEDNESDAY. AREAL AVERAGE QPF IS
CONSERVATIVE...GIVEN THE SMALL CONVECTIVE ELEMENTS...BUT ANY GIVEN
LOCATION MAY EXPERIENCE VERY HEAVY RAINFALL AT TIMES.


DAYS 2/3...

...MID-ATLANTIC/SOUTHEAST...

THE REMNANTS OF TROPICAL DEPRESSION BONNIE ARE EXPECTED TO
PARALLEL THE NC COAST ON THU BEFORE SLOWING DRIFTING FURTHER
OFFSHORE ON FRI. THERE IS STILL SOME POTENTIAL FOR MOISTURE
ADVECTION/LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE WEST OF THE CENTER TO PRODUCE SOME
LOCALLY HEAVY AMOUNTS FURTHER INLAND ACROSS EASTERN NC ON
THU...SIMILAR TO WHAT IS OCCURRING TODAY. AND WITH PRECIPITABLE
WATER VALUES REMAINING AROUND 2 STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE
NORMAL...AND HIGH RES GUIDANCE SHOWING THE POTENTIAL OF ISOLATED
2-4" AMOUNTS ACROSS EASTERN NC AND FAR SOUTHEAST VA...OPTED TO
KEEP THE DAY 2 SLIGHT RISK INTACT.

...GREAT LAKES/OH VALLEY TO THE NORTHEAST...

A WELL-DEFINED MID-UPPER LEVEL TROUGH IS FORECAST TO LIFT
EAST-NORTHEASTWARD FROM THE UPPER MIDWEST INTO SOUTHERN ONTARIO
AND QUEBEC THIS PERIOD...SENDING A COLD FRONT FROM THE UPPER GREAT
LAKES EARLY WED TO THE NORTHEAST BY EARLY FRI.  DEEPER MOISTURE
COINCIDING WITH THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY AND INTERACTING WITH THE
RIGHT ENTRANCE REGION UPPER JET DYNAMICS WILL PRODUCE SCATTERED
CONVECTION ALONG/AHEAD OF THE FRONT AS IT PUSHES EAST WEDNESDAY
NIGHT INTO FRIDAY. WITH THE BETTER UPPER FORCING LIFTING INTO
EASTERN CANADA AND THE PROGRESSIVE NATURE OF THE SYSTEM...NOT
EXPECTING AMOUNTS TO GET TOO HEAVY. HOWEVER...CANNOT DISMISS THE
CHANCE FOR LOCALLY HEAVY AMOUNTS...ESPECIALLY BY LATE THU WHEN
DAYTIME HEATING IN CONCERT WITH WEAK MID LEVEL FORCING AND
OROGRAPHIC LIFT MAY PRODUCE SOME HEAVIER AMOUNTS FROM THE UPPER OH
VALLEY INTO THE CENTRAL APPALACHIANS. GENERALLY OPTED FOR A
CONSENSUS OF THE QPF FROM THE 12Z GFS AND 0Z ECMWF...CUTTING THE
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE CONSISTENTLY SLOWER ECMWF AND QUICKER GFS.

...SOUTHERN PLAINS TO THE LOWER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY...

A HEAVY RAINFALL THREAT WILL CONTINUE ACROSS TEXAS INTO PORTIONS
OF CENTRAL/EASTERN OK INTO PORTIONS OF THE LOWER MS VALLEY
WEDNESDAY NIGHT INTO FRIDAY. WILL HAVE A SLOW MOVING UPPER LOW
PUSHING EAST THROUGH THE PERIOD...WITH DIFFLUENT FLOW ALOFT AHEAD
OF THIS SYSTEM. IN THE LOWER LEVELS SOUTHERLY FLOW OFF THE GULF OF
MEXICO WILL SUSTAIN WELL ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITABLE WATER
VALUES...1.5"-2" (ABOVE THE 90TH PERCENTILE FOR THIS TIME OF
YEAR). 850 MB INFLOW IS GENERALLY NOT EXPECTED TO BE THAT
IMPRESSIVE. HOWEVER THIS NEGATIVE SHOULD IN PART BE OFFSET BY WEAK
STORM LAYER WINDS AS WELL. AND WITH THE 850 MB FLOW GENERALLY
ALIGNED CLOSE TO THE MEAN WIND AND A BIT STRONGER ON
AVERAGE...BACKBUILDING OF STORMS SEEMS LIKELY. GIVEN THIS WIND
ALIGNMENT AND THE GENERAL WEAK NATURE OF THE FLOW OVERALL...BOTH
CORFIDI VECTORS AND INDIVIDUAL STORM MOTION VECTORS ARE WEAK TO
VERY WEAK THROUGH THE PERIOD. THUS BACKBUILDING AND TRAINING OF
CONVECTION SEEMS PROBABLE ALONG/AHEAD OF THE TROUGH AXIS AS IT
SHIFTS EAST.

WHILE CONFIDENCE IS HIGH ON THIS GENERAL SETUP...CONFIDENCE ON THE
DETAILS REMAIN LOW GIVEN THE CONVECTIVE NATURE OF THE ACTIVITY.
GIVEN THE WIDESPREAD ACTIVITY AND WEAK INFLOW...A LACK OF
INSTABILITY COULD EVENTUALLY BECOME AN ISSUE...WITH CLEARING
NEEDED TO HELP REINVIGORATE CONVECTION. EXACT PLACEMENT OF THE
HEAVIEST RAINFALL WILL DEPEND ON WHERE CONVECTIVE OUTFLOWS SET UP
AND HOW QUICKLY CONVECTION ENDS UP PROPAGATING EAST
SOUTHEAST...AND HOW QUICKLY THINGS ARE ABLE TO DESTABILIZE AND RE
FIRE STORMS. ALSO SOME SYNOPTIC SCALE DIFFERENCES WITH HOW QUICKLY
THE UPPER SYSTEM PROGRESSES EAST...WITH THE ECMWF/GEM GENERALLY
QUICKER THAN THE GFS/UKMET. WPC OPTED TO TAKE A CONSENSUS APPROACH
TO QPF FOR BOTH DAYS 2 AND 3. THIS APPROACH GENERALLY INVOLVED
TAKING THE CONSENSUS MAGNITUDE OF QPF...AND PLACING IT IN THE
CONSENSUS POSITION. THIS USUALLY WORKS BETTER THAN A STRAIGHT
BLEND AS IT CONSERVES SOME OF THE HIGHER AMOUNTS. THE 12Z UKMET
WAS A PRETTY GOOD COMPROMISE SOLUTION BETWEEN THE GFS/ECMWF
THROUGH DAY 2 (0Z FRI). BY DAY 3 (0Z FRI-0Z SAT) THE UKMET
ACTUALLY BECOMES EVEN A BIT SLOWER THAN THE GFS...WITH THE BEST
CONSENSUS POSITION OF AVAILABLE GUIDANCE PRETTY MUCH RIGHT BETWEEN
THE 12Z GFS AND ECMWF.

OPTED TO INTRODUCE A DAY 2 AND DAY 3 MODERATE RISK FOR PORTIONS OF
EAST CENTRAL TEXAS. AS WHILE CONFIDENCE IN THE DETAILS REMAINS
LOW...IT IS GOING TO RAIN HEAVY OVER MUCH OF THE MODERATE THE RISK
AREA AT SOME POINT OVER THE NEXT COUPLE DAYS...WITH AT LEAST
SCATTERED FLASH FLOODING APPEARING LIKELY GIVEN THE FAVORABLE
MOISTURE PARAMETERS AND SLOW STORM MOTIONS/PROPAGATION. ALSO WITH
RAIN FALLING OVER SIMILAR AREAS ON CONSECUTIVE DAYS...AND THE AREA
ALREADY WELL ABOVE NORMAL RAINFALL WISE...THOUGHT THE MODERATE
RISK BETTER HIGHLIGHTED THE FLOOD POTENTIAL AT THIS TIME. FUTURE
SHIFTS CAN ADJUST THE EXACT LOCATION OF THESE RISK AREAS AS
CONVECTIVE TRENDS BECOME MORE CLEAR.

...NORTHERN PLAINS TO THE UPPER MS VALLEY...

A NORTHERN STEAM WAVE DROPPING INTO THE NORTHERN PLAINS IS
EXPECTED TO BRING AN INCREASE IN SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS ACROSS
THE DAKOTAS INTO MN ON FRIDAY. THE 12Z GFS AND ECMWF CONTINUED TO
CONVERGE ON A SIMILAR SOLUTION WITH REGARDS TO THIS SYSTEM. THUS
WPC GENERALLY STAYED CLOSE TO A ECMWF/GFS BLEND FOR NOW.

BURKE/CHENARD




24HR QP VT 02/00Z
 0.01 559883 554870 546853 543844 540837 531819 527812 525807
      522805 515805 509804 496804 481806 449812 445813 440814
      432816 425819 418824 406830 393838 387842 382845 371855
      367858 364865 360873 356880 341886 325883 322883 320885
      312887 309888 309893 308899 308903 308908 306911 305915
      302914 295914 293917 294920 299925 295931 281937 276939
      274941 270949 267954 262960 258964 249965 246965 244967
      241973 237979 236988 239005 239010 242011 247012 250012
      254014 260018 271026 277032 280035 285035 292036 298039
      308049 316060 318064 320066 323068 328069 332070 333071
      333081 335085 337086 344083 347082 351082 354082 354077
      346075 348070 353069 358069 362071 365073 367077 369082
      373087 385081 388082 391081 392078 393073 400061 403060
      408059 411054 408050 406048 405042 406037 409027 410023
      410016 408009 408005 404004 400004 396002 392999 386995
      384986 382980 382974 386965 386958 391952 403943 410939
      417936 431931 443926 449922 457919 460918 462922 462932
      465941 466945 467952 465959 469965 470968 469971 468975
      466985 463993 460000 461004 461011 464021 464026 466028
      469034 473041 477044 483048 487048 490046 498044 504040
      520016 525010 528003 530990 533979 535969 538959 546948
      555939 556936 556932 557916 559883
 0.01 535215 525176 521167 515161 501152 498151 498154 501158
      498164 500172 501177 499180 499185 503187 508188 510191
      509195 506199 501199 498200 494199 491201 500204 502202
      504204 507208 507216 505221 502222 500222 496223 494225
      496234 499237 499243 497246 493243 490242 490247 488249
      486248 485251 488260 491262 493266 496270 498276 505281
      508283 507280 509275 513274 515271 517267 517260 517253
      516248 514245 509238 507233 510229 525228 529226 531222
      535215
 0.01 455103 455100 454098 454095 453095 452093 450092 448094
      448097 449100 450100 451102 451105 453105 454103 455103
 0.01 427781 427778 424777 418783 414780 412776 409773 406773
      402773 399775 395777 390776 386772 384767 383761 383752
      383746 381743 378744 376744 375741 376731 375726 373724
      369725 366727 352735 338741 323749 317754 314763 311769
      308775 305781 301788 298795 297800 298802 305797 310793
      313786 317786 320789 322791 323795 323799 321802 305810
      302812 298814 293811 284811 277809 276805 274801 271798
      268795 264795 258796 255797 249802 245807 243809 243814
      246816 249813 251812 253814 258820 265824 272827 275829
      280828 285828 288829 294832 299836 300840 301846 301851
      304853 309852 312850 319846 322839 325836 329836 335839
      337843 338847 341851 347855 354857 358857 361853 368838
      370830 373824 378819 385815 389813 394812 399812 404812
      409812 414809 415807 423794 426786 427781
 0.01 315926 314924 313924 312922 310920 310918 308916 306918
      307920 307922 308923 310924 312926 314927 315926
 0.01 304903 304899 303897 300895 298894 295894 293895 291897
      289900 291902 293902 295906 297908 299908 301907 303905
      304903
 0.01 292083 287078 280072 271069 265064 258059 255059 252063
      255067 257069 263075 270080 277085 286088 290086 292083
 0.25 530920 530915 528913 526907 523897 522888 525879 525870
      525850 523843 520837 518831 514827 507827 501829 486833
      481835 474837 468835 464835 460836 453839 449840 446843
      442848 438852 433854 431855 429854 428850 431847 435843
      439838 439834 438830 431828 426830 421832 417837 415846
      417851 419853 417860 411865 405868 400872 392877 387880
      383884 378890 376891 374890 370891 367893 364901 359912
      345915 341919 338921 337925 334932 330938 326941 319944
      312945 304945 291947 285950 281954 274964 268967 263970
      256973 253975 252979 251985 251990 252993 255996 261998
      265002 268007 272013 274020 277025 285026 291028 297030
      304033 309037 315041 318048 322052 330054 335053 343053
      347055 354056 361055 366051 372049 379052 383053 386052
      389048 391043 393041 398036 399028 398020 392014 392011
      388009 383008 377009 366013 363012 361008 360004 360999
      365983 373953 379940 382936 386934 390933 399931 405929
      418926 438915 448910 455908 463907 471907 477910 480917
      483923 485930 485942 484961 482968 485974 488981 490983
      494984 502976 508973 514972 517973 517980 517986 516989
      513996 513999 516998 521988 527973 528965 525958 524948
      525939 527926 530920
 0.25 491002 491000 490998 489000 489002 490003 491002
 0.25 408852 407850 406849 404849 402850 401853 401855 402857
      403859 404857 405857 406854 408852
 0.25 388872 389870 388868 387867 386868 384869 383870 382872
      382873 381875 381877 383879 384877 385877 386875 387874
      388872 388872
 0.25 370777 370761 367753 363749 358743 351743 343745 338749
      330757 326763 324771 325776 327778 332783 337796 346795
      349795 353793 359790 364787 369782 370777
 0.25 367816 367813 366813 364813 363814 362814 361816 360816
      359818 359819 358821 359821 361821 362821 363820 365819
      365818 366816 367816
 0.25 270818 271816 270814 268812 266810 265808 263805 261804
      258804 255806 254808 255810 256812 258814 261815 263817
      266818 268818 270818
 0.50 515853 515846 513841 510838 505838 497841 490844 480846
      469846 459849 451852 448855 446859 442868 440872 437875
      431881 425886 414888 410889 406892 401898 395904 387909
      383911 380914 379919 380922 384925 388924 394917 397914
      400912 404910 408909 414908 406913 404915 403918 405920
      408921 415922 430912 437909 445906 454903 463900 469895
      478892 485887 490881 496873 499870 502870 505869 508867
      512863 514857 515853
 0.50 509947 509939 507934 505931 502933 500939 498947 496954
      494962 494965 496967 501964 505960 507955 509947
 0.50 419905 417905 416905 417905 419905 419905
 0.50 393029 393024 389019 386014 384013 380012 363022 350020
      345017 343012 345006 347002 353991 357982 360976 362968
      363960 364954 366949 367943 366936 362933 351930 343930
      341938 339941 336945 331949 326950 318951 312951 306949
      300949 296951 288956 281966 277968 271971 262974 259977
      257983 257989 261993 269001 272004 274008 276013 279018
      283021 291020 296021 301023 308029 314030 320032 321034
      321037 323044 325046 328047 333046 342043 348042 354045
      357047 362044 366039 369039 374042 378045 381046 385045
      388039 393029
 0.50 365778 361769 362758 362755 359752 356748 352747 345748
      336753 333756 332760 331766 333771 335774 337780 340784
      344785 353785 358784 362783 365778
 0.50 289008 289006 289004 287003 286003 285003 285006 285008
      285010 287012 288012 288010 289008 289008
 1.00 506844 502844 500846 493850 487852 479854 474858 473864
      474868 477870 481869 486865 492861 498858 502852 506844
 1.00 386022 386020 384019 383018 381018 379019 379020 377022
      376024 376026 376028 377030 378033 379033 380033 382032
      383031 384029 385027 386024 386022
 1.00 356761 356755 353753 347752 342754 339757 339762 341766
      342772 341776 343778 348776 351773 353770 355766 356761
 1.00 354960 355955 355952 353950 349948 345949 332957 329959
      323959 314960 305960 299958 295963 290970 289974 290979
      295985 297988 300990 303992 308992 311991 316991 322996
      336988 344985 348980 352972 353967 354962 354960
 1.00 324016 323014 323012 322011 321012 321014 321016 322016
      323018 324016
 1.00 285989 284983 283980 279978 274977 268977 264979 262982
      262987 264990 267994 269997 275998 280998 283995 284991
      285989
 1.50 352760 352758 351757 349756 348756 346757 345759 345761
      345762 344763 345765 345767 345768 347768 349767 350765
      351764 351762 352760 352760
 1.50 346967 346965 343965 341965 337967 335968 334971 335975
      336978 338978 341976 343974 344972 346969 346967
 1.50 332971 329968 325967 320968 316967 310964 303965 297970
      295972 295975 305977 307978 309981 312982 315980 323978
      326977 328975 332971
 1.50 278993 278991 278989 278987 277985 275983 275982 273981
      272980 270980 269980 268981 267982 266984 266986 267988
      268989 269990 270991 271993 273994 275995 277994 278993

24HR QP VT 03/00Z
 0.01 537204 538197 537192 535181 532173 528165 523160 520158
      519151 520147 521144 522138 523123 524116 522112 519103
      516094 519085 523078 529075 536072 536067 535061 533050
      530039 528031 525022 519017 514017 511019 506025 502031
      497037 493039 492044 491056 494065 500082 505104 506109
      506115 502127 501131 498134 496137 492137 482135 477137
      473140 472145 467154 467157 468161 471165 475166 480171
      485178 489186 492191 495193 503195 508203 509213 508217
      506218 504215 496202 492200 488199 481201 474204 467208
      462213 456218 455222 456226 458228 459233 454238 455243
      458247 463251 466255 471257 474260 475263 478267 483269
      490273 495279 499284 509286 512285 515283 519274 521269
      521263 518255 523250 523245 521241 518233 515229 515221
      516219 518219 521221 525223 528222 531220 534216 535208
      537204
 0.01 545822 545814 543809 539800 535786 532784 527785 519784
      512782 504778 498773 495771 493769 493765 497761 500755
      505746 507742 508735 509711 504702 502697 499693 498690
      496691 490692 486693 483692 479694 475698 471702 466704
      459710 457715 454719 446733 422758 410772 407775 401778
      396781 388783 385785 379785 375776 371764 374763 376765
      380766 384768 389767 387756 376746 375738 377733 378723
      380714 380709 376709 361720 343734 335739 330745 327749
      324754 320763 313779 311786 309791 311794 315796 321795
      325794 324797 319804 313809 305814 300814 295813 290811
      286808 282804 278802 273800 269798 265797 262799 257800
      253803 249806 245810 246815 248817 255822 262826 265827
      269827 279827 288828 287832 289835 293837 296836 303842
      308845 312849 313860 315866 319870 323877 327885 327891
      326895 326907 326913 325919 321922 316923 312920 312913
      311907 310903 308899 304897 300897 297901 293909 293916
      292922 286929 283933 280938 274945 266949 261951 259953
      254959 250965 247968 243970 235973 232983 230993 231997
      230003 254027 264032 268034 270038 276046 283051 312067
      319074 324081 327083 331083 334082 333078 331075 327072
      323069 323066 325064 330065 343066 348067 355069 362072
      368072 371073 374075 376078 379073 380069 383070 387068
      394065 398058 399053 397050 394048 392044 388042 385044
      378043 374042 371038 370035 370031 370024 367021 365016
      367010 371008 373002 376990 379978 384929 384918 385908
      385883 386879 389875 392871 396868 400865 403865 405866
      415866 424867 434867 438868 445868 448870 454870 462873
      472873 479873 484870 492866 497863 500865 501868 499870
      496873
 0.01 496873 491891 488901 485909 484917 487927 489932 492934
      496944 503945 512944 522931 530918 535912 539904 541880
      541873 542866 543852 544848 544841 545828 545822
 0.01 456108 456103 455100 453098 452095 451095 451100 449102
      449104 450109 448112 448114 452115 454113 454110 456108
 0.01 442973 440964 438957 437954 435949 432945 428937 421942
      419944 421949 424959 427968 428973 429980 431983 435983
      438980 440976 442973
 0.01 338786 338784 336783 334783 333784 331785 331786 330787
      329788 328789 327790 326791 325792 326794 328794 330793
      331791 333791 335789 337788 338786
 0.25 517265 516257 513247 508232 504226 499219 494213 492211
      488210 481211 475214 482226 492237 490242 487242 484243
      481247 482252 483255 488262 492268 495271 499274 507275
      513271 516269 517265
 0.25 521199 521197 522194 522192 521191 521189 521186 520186
      519185 517187 516187 516190 515192 515195 516197 516198
      517201 519202 520200 521199
 0.25 530825 529816 527807 523804 518806 514809 509815 506820
      506823 507828 510831 515835 520837 525837 528833 530825
 0.25 520897 520894 519894 518894 517895 517897 517900 518900
      519900 520899 520897
 0.25 484730 483725 478727 475724 472718 471715 469717 466722
      460733 453740 450746 450753 451758 448762 444763 441759
      437758 432760 429766 428772 427779 427782 428783 432783
      438783 442784 444786 444791 446800 450802 454801 457795
      458787 456781 454776 454773 460773 464772 472765 480755
      484745 484730
 0.25 476827 475824 473823 467824 464822 458820 451822 447826
      448831 450833 454835 456838 459837 461837 466834 472831
      476827
 0.25 446829 444827 441826 438827 436828 434830 433833 433838
      435840 438839 441837 443834 445831 446829
 0.25 428786 427784 423783 419784 415784 409784 403788 391794
      384798 379803 376808 374811 370811 357816 352818 346822
      342829 340836 343841 345851 348858 352864 355866 359864
      362858 365851 367848 372847 377844 382839 381836 379836
      376838 373838 373834 374825 372821 370817 373814 376814
      379817 382818 390817 395819 396817 402814 410805 421795
      426791 428786
 0.25 395830 394830 392830 391831 392831 394831 395830
 0.25 368741 368737 367735 361732 354733 348736 343739 339743
      333752 330758 327764 326770 328773 330772 342767 347768
      352771 356770 359764 360757 362751 365746 368741
 0.25 373947 374933 373917 372910 369905 362899 358897 353899
      345905 339914 334923 329930 322937 300943 284952 274956
      270960 266962 259967 251972 243980 237987 236992 237996
      240001 243004 251010 258017 265022 274026 284032 293036
      303039 311044 319044 323042 329034 356005 361998 367989
      369983 371976 371961 373947
 0.25 266812 267810 266808 266806 265805 264804 263804 261804
      259805 258806 256807 256808 256809 256811 257811 258813
      259813 260814 262814 264814 266813 266812
 0.50 514264 513258 512254 510249 508243 507240 505237 503237
      501243 501248 502254 501261 501265 503267 507266 511265
      514264
 0.50 495223 495221 494220 493219 492218 491217 490215 489214
      487215 486217 486220 487220 488222 489223 491224 493224
      494223 495223
 0.50 479744 476739 472736 467737 463741 459746 459752 460755
      460758 460761 463760 468757 473754 476750 479744
 0.50 363744 363739 360736 352737 346740 341745 338751 336755
      335760 336761 340762 347764 353764 356757 360751 363744
 0.50 364947 366941 366935 366928 364922 360914 358912 355916
      344927 339934 334942 327945 317947 306947 297951 283958
      276963 268966 260968 254974 249982 244988 242991 242996
      247002 260013 266017 274021 283024 292024 300025 305027
      310025 311020 314017 320011 337012 342004 348998 360987
      362983 363977 361965 362954 364947
 0.50 357830 357828 356826 356825 354825 353826 352826 351828
      350829 350831 349833 349835 350835 351836 353835 355833
      356832 357831 357830
 1.00 359745 357741 353740 349742 345745 342748 341753 342758
      346759 350758 353754 356751 359747 359745
 1.00 356941 355936 353936 347939 339952 334956 331958 327959
      318958 314953 312951 309952 307960 300963 292962 286964
      280967 264970 260972 258974 258979 261996 264003 267009
      270012 274013 282014 290016 296017 304013 307008 310001
      315996 321990 325986 330982 334980 338981 345984 350984
      353982 349968 348964 348959 348953 349949 356941
 1.50 355748 355746 354745 353744 352744 350744 349745 348745
      346747 345748 344750 343752 344754 344755 346756 348756
      349755 351753 353751 354751 354750 355748
 1.50 346974 345971 345969 343967 341965 339965 338967 337968
      337969 337970 337971 338973 339974 341975 341976 343976
      344976 344975 346974
 1.50 323977 320972 317970 315966 310964 308968 305970 298968
      293967 288967 283971 280973 275973 267973 264975 262978
      263986 267992 271998 271002 274005 279008 289008 291005
      289002 293998 299994 304990 309985 317981 321980 323977
 2.00 350751 350749 348748 347749 347750 347752 349752 350751
 2.00 312973 303973 297973 294970 289971 286975 282978 279978
      274976 270977 266980 266986 268990 271993 275995 279993
      283990 288989 294988 298985 306979 310977 312973

24HR QP VT 04/00Z
 0.01 548063 549048 549034 549021 549013 548008 548001 546997
      544993 541991 536986 529983 525983 522980 519978 517974
      525959 523949 520941 510926 505921 501914 491904 480890
      476883 473877 468869 466866 463864 459864 457866 453873
      447879 444881 440882 431883 427883 423881 413903 415912
      420917 426923 431928 429934 425941 417956 413963 408970
      401984 399989 400992 401997 404999 411997 419994 426990
      429988 431988 433990 436995 443000 446003 450004 456008
      457014 457020 454031 452039 455045 457055 460064 466068
      471063 478046 481037 482031 486029 490033 495041 505052
      509058 515064 520070 527076 532080 540081 544079 545074
      546066 548063
 0.01 523259 524252 524247 522242 519240 516238 512236 504234
      500242 494248 483255 477261 472269 470280 471289 473294
      475296 484300 492301 496303 499306 508293 513286 517276
      520267 523259
 0.01 526203 528191 528185 526181 520175 518173 514172 506170
      500173 501176 504179 508185 511193 513202 518208 522209
      524206 526203
 0.01 524765 521736 520732 519724 518711 514686 512680 511672
      510666 506664 495658 489654 486653 483656 479662 473659
      469656 467651 462643 460639 459641 455648 446662 443670
      440677 435686 431692 426700 418698 412696 409702 394735
      388751 384759 377759 370756 363755 360754 358757 354764
      351767 346769 342775 335786 330794 325800 311810 295817
      292819 288817 284813 274801 272797 269795 265794 260794
      254796 247800 243808 241817 240825 242829 245830 250823
      252820 254819 257819 272824 287828 290829 293832 298835
      306838 309837 312839 314841 319845 322847 325845 334841
      337839 340840 341843 338861 336882 335885 333886 330889
      323893 304895 298894 293892 289893 282898 275900 262905
      254909 250909 247911 246914 246919 245930 246941 246956
      245962 242963 240972 235979 232985 231994 231999 233002
      236006 240008 247010 254013 260018 265022 270027 274028
      278027 289028 299028 304032 308035 310033 313024 328019
      333019 336017 342013 347007 351998 362989 364987 366981
      373977 379974 384970 390962 393959 395954 395943 393933
      393920 393914 394909 394898 392893 392887 393876 395867
      397848 392844 388843 388837 392830 396823 401815 404812
      410812 416816 420816 423813 426805 430799 434790 438782
      442774 444771 447769 451767 453766 462763 466762 468760
      477758 485755 491757 500760 504760 507761 517764 522765
      524765
 0.01 390054 389052 385051 376050 367048 362048 360050 357052
      355055 358056 361059 367063 369066 373066 373063 372059
      371057 375056 382059 386059 388056 390054
 0.25 516270 518262 518257 516251 513247 510246 507248 505252
      503260 501262 496261 491261 489265 490277 494285 496289
      500290 504289 507285 512278 516270
 0.25 534026 532021 530018 526010 524999 520991 516985 513981
      510978 504973 499967 491954 482938 477933 475929 474925
      464910 460903 457903 455907 452915 448923 433955 433960
      435963 442966 446969 448972 453979 462992 464996 462000
      463007 465009 468012 471014 475015 480014 488014 495017
      501021 504023 507027 509029 513032 520034 525034 529032
      533029 534026
 0.25 440748 436743 432744 429747 422761 417764 412766 410768
      408764 406764 404766 405770 402775 397780 393781 391780
      390778 386772 383771 378772 373777 371780 367779 365778
      361777 357779 356781 353789 349796 347803 353836 357842
      360844 365844 368842 372840 376835 394812 404801 409796
      412790 416783 422779 427773 431767 436757 439752 440748
 0.25 374938 374931 373925 371916 369911 365909 357906 351900
      346900 342902 328912 320915 315916 311916 304910 301907
      297907 292908 290910 284916 277923 272929 268937 264943
      254957 250965 248974 250983 250990 255996 258000 262001
      267001 272000 282000 291000 299002 303004 308005 315001
      322998 330993 337988 342984 355973 367961 370956 372951
      374938
 0.50 505279 507277 507274 506273 504272 503272 501272 499271
      498270 496269 495270 494272 494275 495277 495278 496279
      498281 499281 501282 503281 505280 505279
 0.50 510004 510993 509985 509983 505980 500978 495976 492977
      491980 489986 487992 486997 487001 492005 497008 503008
      508006 510004
 0.50 483002 482001 480001 478000 477999 475999 473999 472000
      470001 470002 469004 469006 470007 472007 473007 475006
      477006 478005 480005 481004 482003 483002
 0.50 471942 471936 470932 468928 465927 458927 452931 449938
      444945 440952 440954 442959 444960 448959 454955 459950
      466949 469947 471943 471942
 0.50 399795 399793 399791 398790 397791 396791 395793 394794
      393795 392796 392797 390799 390800 388801 387804 388804
      390804 392803 393803 394802 395801 396800 397798 398796
      399795
 0.50 379816 380814 378812 377813 376814 377816 377817 379816
      379816
 0.50 365947 366936 364927 362923 359921 352920 344917 340919
      338921 331925 325927 317926 310923 302920 298921 295922
      290928 285932 274940 268945 265949 257962 253968 253973
      253976 260990 266993 273991 281990 288989 293988 297989
      302994 304997 308996 311991 317988 323983 335976 338969
      341967 344967 352963 356958 365947
 1.00 351936 349932 345932 335934 331938 329943 324946 318947
      308951 302948 300943 298941 296943 291947 279949 275951
      271955 265963 261967 261971 268979 270981 273981 279980
      292979 305980 312979 315977 330961 334958 338955 342943
      351936
 1.50 289968 289962 287958 283956 279956 276957 272960 270963
      270967 274969 277968 278972 283973 286971 289968

$$




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