Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Birmingham, AL

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AXUS74 KBMX 081729 CCA
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ALC001-005>011-015>021-027-029-037-047-051-055-057-
063-065-073-075-081-085>093-101-105>127-131430-

DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BIRMINGHAM AL
1129 AM CDT THU DEC 8 2016

...RECENT RAINFALL HAS BROUGHT SOME IMPROVEMENT TO DROUGHT
CONDITIONS ACROSS CENTRAL ALABAMA...

SYNOPSIS...THE LATEST U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR SHOWS EXTREME TO
EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT CONDITIONS CONTINUE ACROSS MOST OF CENTRAL
ALABAMA DESPITE THE RECENT RAINFALL. EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT CONDITIONS
EXIST OVER MOST OF THE AREA ALONG AND EAST OF A LINE FROM NEAR
AUBURN TO CLANTON TO TUSCALOOSA TO ARKADELPHIA AND ALSO OVER
NORTHERN BARBOUR AND EXTREME SOUTHERN RUSSELL COUNTIES.
ELSEWHERE...EXTREME DROUGHT CONTINUES ACROSS THE REST OF CENTRAL
ALABAMA EXCEPT FOR NORTHWESTERN CENTRAL ALABAMA COUNTIES THAT ARE
NOW CONSIDERED TO BE IN A SEVERE DROUGHT. CONDITIONS ALSO HAVE
IMPROVED ACROSS WESTERN SUMTER COUNTY...WHERE MODERATE DROUGHT
CONDITIONS ARE NOW PRESENT.

THE DROUGHT MONITOR CLASSIFIES DROUGHT WITHIN ONE OF THESE FIVE
CATEGORIES:

D0...ABNORMALLY DRY
D1...MODERATE DROUGHT
D2...SEVERE DROUGHT
D3...EXTREME DROUGHT
D4...EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT

CLIMATE SUMMARY...

BENEFICIAL RAINFALL OCCURRED ACROSS CENTRAL ALABAMA DURING THE PAST
WEEK AS SEVERAL WEATHER SYSTEMS BROUGHT MUCH NEED PRECIPITATION INTO
THE AREA.  CUMULATIVE TOTALS DURING THE PAST WEEK AVERAGED FROM ONE
TO THREE INCHES ACROSS MUCH OF CENTRAL ALABAMA...WITH THE HEAVIER
AMOUNTS FOUND ACROSS THE SOUTHERN THIRD OF THE AREA AND IN THE
EXTREME NORTHWEST COUNTIES.  ALTHOUGH THIS RAIN WAS NOT ENOUGH TO
END THE DROUGHT ACROSS THE AREA THERE WAS SOME IMPROVEMENT NOTED IN
MOST AREAS. RAINFALL DEFICITS FOR THE YEAR OF TEN TO SIXTEEN INCHES
PERSIST ACROSS CENTRAL ALABAMA...WITH THE GREATEST DEFICITS
GENERALLY FOUND IN THE EASTERN SECTIONS TO THE EAST OF THE
INTERSTATE 65 CORRIDOR.

SOME PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS (INCHES) FOR CENTRAL ALABAMA SINCE
JANUARY 1ST...

BIRMINGHAM    39.32
MONTGOMERY    39.29
ANNISTON      30.90
TUSCALOOSA    36.45
CALERA        36.49
TROY          37.75

NORMAL PRECIPITATION EXPECTED (INCHES) AND DEPARTURE FROM NORMAL
(INCHES) JANUARY 1ST THROUGH DECEMBER 8TH...

BIRMINGHAM    50.57
MONTGOMERY    49.54
ANNISTON      46.75
TUSCALOOSA    49.23
CALERA        51.15
TROY          51.18

AGRICULTURAL IMPACTS...

THE LATEST UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (USDA) REPORT
ISSUED PRIOR TO THE RECENT RAINFALL INDICATED THAT AGRICULTURAL
INTERESTS CONTINUED TO BE SIGNIFICANTLY IMPACTED BY THE DROUGHT WITH
WATER FOR MANY LIVESTOCK BECOMING CRITICAL. THE DRY WEATHER HAD ALSO
ADVERSELY IMPACTED OR HALTED THE PLANTING OF MANY WINTER CROPS. THE
RECENT RAINFALL HAS HELPED TO EASE SOME OF THESE IMPACTS SOMEWHAT.


THE LATEST REPORTS FROM THE USDA (AS OF NOVEMBER 27, 2016)

             PERCENT POOR OR WORSE     PERCENT FAIR OR BETTER
CATTLE                21                          79
PASTURE &             95                           5
  RANGE


FIRE DANGER IMPACTS...

THE FIRE DANGER RISK HAS DIMINISHED ACROSS MUCH OF CENTRAL ALABAMA
DUE TO THE RECENT RAINFALL. KETCH-BYRAM DROUGHT INDICES (KBDI)
CURRENTLY RANGE FROM 100 TO 400 ACROSS MOST OF CENTRAL ALABAMA WHICH
IS SIGNIFICANTLY LOWER THAN THE PAST SEVERAL WEEKS. VALUES ABOVE 500
INDICATE A SEVERE FIRE DANGER.

THE ALABAMA FORESTRY COMMISSION REPORTS THAT THE GOVERNOR HAS
RESCINDED THE DROUGHT EMERGENCY DECLARATION WHICH BANNED OUTSIDE
BURNING ACROSS ALL OF CENTRAL ALABAMA.  ALABAMA FORESTRY COMMISSION
OFFICIALS REPORT THAT ENOUGH RAINFALL HAS OCCURRED RECENTLY TO REDUCE
THE THREAT OF DANGEROUS WILDFIRES. THE STATE FORESTER CONTINUES TO
URGE PEOPLE THAT ARE DOING ANY OUTSIDE BURNING TO FOLLOW SAFETY
PRECAUTIONS SUCH AS NOT LEAVING ANY FIRE UNATTENDED AND HAVING THE
PROPER EQUIPMENT AND PERSONNEL TO CONTROL THE FIRE.

SINCE OCTOBER 1ST OVER TWENTY TWO HUNDRED WILDFIRES HAVE OCCURRED
OVER ALABAMA AND OVER TWENTY NINE THOUSAND ACRES HAVE BURNED. AT
THIS TIME ANY LINGERING WILDFIRES ARE CONTAINED ACCORDING TO THE
ALABAMA FORESTRY COMMISSION.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...

SOME NOTABLE IMPROVEMENT IN STREAM FLOWS REPORTED BY USGS GAGES HAS
OCCURRED IN CENTRAL ALABAMA WITH MOST GAGES CURRENTLY IN NORMAL
RANGES FOR THIS TIME OF YEAR.  HOWEVER...PERIODIC RAINFALL WILL
NEED TO CONTINUE OR STREAM FLOWS COULD RETURN TO BELOW NORMAL LEVELS.

MOST MAJOR RESERVOIR POOL LEVELS CONTINUE NEAR THEIR WINTER LEVELS
AND SOME HAVE RISEN A LITTLE DUE TO THE RECENT RAIN. LISTED
BELOW ARE CURRENT LEVELS FOR SOME OF THE MAJOR RESERVOIRS ACROSS
CENTRAL ALABAMA AND THOSE FROM DECEMBER 1ST:

RESERVOIR             LEVEL FOR 12/08/16     LEVEL FOR 12/01/16

WEISS                       559.4                   557.8
NEELY HENRY                 507.0                   506.6
LOGAN MARTIN                460.6                   459.3
LAY                         395.8                   396.0
MITCHELL                    311.9                   312.0
JORDAN                      251.6                   251.5
R.L.HARRIS                  784.8                   784.7
MARTIN                      482.4                   482.1
SMITH                       497.2                   496.5
BANKHEAD                    254.7                   254.7
HOLT                        186.6                   186.8

SOCIAL IMPACTS...

POOLS ARE NEAR WINTER LEVELS AT MOST MAJOR RESERVOIRS ALTHOUGH SOME
HAVE RISEN A LITTLE FOLLOWING THE RECENT RAINFALL. VOLUNTARY WATER
RESTRICTIONS HAVE BEEN IMPLEMENTED BY MANY WATER BOARDS ACROSS
CENTRAL ALABAMA AND MANDATORY RESTRICTIONS ARE STILL IN EFFECT IN
SOME AREAS. THE BIRMINGHAM WATER WORKS BOARD REPORTS THAT IT HAS
IMPLEMENTED MANDATORY RESTRICTIONS WITH SURCHARGES FOR EXCESSIVE
WATER USE.

PRECIPITATION AND TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...

A STRONG COLD FRONT WAS PUSHING OUT OF CENTRAL ALABAMA THIS MORNING
AND WILL BE FOLLOWED BY THE COLDEST AIR OF THE FALL SO FAR.  THE
FRONT WILL ALSO BE FOLLOWED BY DRIER AIR WHICH MEANS THAT NO
RAINFALL IS EXPECTED FOR MUCH OF THE WEEKEND. HOWEVER...ANOTHER
UPPER LEVEL DISTURBANCE AND ASSOCIATED SURFACE COLD FRONT WILL BRING
RAIN CHANCES BACK INTO THE AREA BY SUNDAY NIGHT INTO THE FIRST PART
OF NEXT WEEK.  AT THIS TIME CUMULATIVE RAINFALL TOTALS OF ONE HALF
TO ONE INCH ARE EXPECTED ACROSS AT LEAST THE NORTHERN HALF OF
CENTRAL ALABAMA BY NEXT WEDNESDAY.

THE TWO WEEK OUTLOOK...FROM DECEMBER 13TH THROUGH DECEMBER
21ST...CALLS FOR ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES TRANSITIONING TO NEAR
NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION.

THE LONGER-RANGE OUTLOOK FOR THE REMAINDER OF DECEMBER THROUGH
FEBRUARY IS FOR ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND BELOW NORMAL CHANCES
OF PRECIPITATION.

THE LATEST SEASONAL DROUGHT OUTLOOK THROUGH LATE FEBRUARY INDICATES
THAT DROUGHT CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED TO PERSIST ACROSS CENTRAL
ALABAMA.

UPDATE STATEMENT...

THE NEXT STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED AROUND THURSDAY DECEMBER 15TH.


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