Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Huntsville, AL

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AXUS74 KHUN 251916
DGTHUN
ALC033-043-049-059-071-077-079-083-089-095-103-TNC051-103-127-271930-

DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE HUNTSVILLE AL
216 PM CDT THU AUG 25 2016

...IMPROVEMENT TO DROUGHT CONDITIONS IN SOME AREAS DUE TO RECENT
RAINS...

SYNOPSIS:
ACCORDING TO THE DROUGHT MONITOR VALID TUESDAY...AUGUST 23RD
2016...DROUGHT CONDITIONS IMPROVED A LITTLE IN FAR WESTERN PORTIONS
OF LAUDERDALE...COLBERT AND FRANKLIN (AL) COUNTIES. THE SMALL AREA OF
SEVERE DROUGHT /D2/ IMPROVED TO MODERATE DROUGHT /D1/ IN EXTREME SW
PORTIONS OF FRANKLIN COUNTY. ELSEWHERE...MODERATE DROUGHT WAS REMOVED
FROM EASTERN LAWRENCE AND CULLMAN COUNTIES. SO...THOSE COUNTIES ARE
NO LONGER CONSIDERED IN DROUGHT. HOWEVER...DUE TO LONGER TERM
RAINFALL DEFICITS...EASTERN LAWRENCE COUNTY AND SOME NORTHERN AND
SOUTHERN PORTIONS OF CULLMAN COUNTY ARE CONSIDERED ABNORMALLY DRY
/D0/. THE SMALL AREA OF EXTREME DROUGHT /D3/ IN NORTHWESTERN MADISON
COUNTY WAS IMPROVED TO SEVERE DROUGHT...WITH MUCH OF MADISON COUNTY
REMAINING IN SEVERE DROUGHT. EXTREME DROUGHT HOWEVER REMAINS ACROSS A
LARGE PORTION OF JACKSON COUNTY AND FAR NORTHERN DEKALB COUNTY.
MODERATE DROUGHT WAS REMOVED FROM SOUTHWESTERN PORTIONS OF MORGAN
COUNTY....SOUTHERN MARSHALL...AND EASTERN AND SOUTHERN DEKALB
COUNTIES. CONDITIONS IN THOSE AREAS IMPROVED TO D0.

DROUGHT CONDITIONS LIKEWISE IMPROVED IN PARTS OF SOUTHERN MIDDLE
TENNESSEE. EXTREME DROUGHT WAS REMOVED FROM SOUTHERN PORTIONS OF
FRANKLIN COUNTY...WHILE SEVERE DROUGHT IMPROVED TO MODERATE DROUGHT
IN EASTERN LINCOLN...MOORE AND NORTHERN FRANKLIN COUNTIES.

EVEN THOUGH SOME LOCATIONS THAT REMAIN UNDER DROUGHT DESIGNATIONS
RECEIVED AROUND TWO TO FOUR INCHES OF RAINFALL IN THE PAST WEEK...IT
IS IMPORTANT TO NOTE THAT MEANINGFUL AND LASTING CHANGES IN SOIL
MOISTURE AND STREAMFLOWS MUST BE OBSERVED BEFORE AN AREA IS
CONSIDERED OUT OF THE DROUGHT. INCREASED EVAPORATION AND DEMANDS FROM
VEGETATION DURING THE HOT SUMMER MONTHS MAKES IT MORE DIFFICULT FOR
STREAMS AND SOILS TO BE RECHARGED. SO...THE PROCESS TO PULL SOME
LOCATIONS OUT OF A DROUGHT DESIGNATION CAN BE RELATIVELY SLOW IN
ORDER TO ENSURE THAT SUFFICIENT CHANGES IN THE HYDROLOGIC SYSTEM HAVE
OCCURRED.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS:
STATE AND LOCAL DECLARATIONS: THE MOST RECENT DECLARATION FROM THE
ALABAMA DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC AND COMMUNITY AFFAIRS (ADECA) OFFICE
OF WATER RESOURCES HAS ALL OF OUR COUNTIES IN A `DROUGHT
WARNING`...WITH THE EXCEPTION OF CULLMAN COUNTY...WHICH IS IN A
`DROUGHT WATCH`. PUBLIC WATER SYSTEMS AND OTHER PRIVATE WATER USERS
SHOULD CONTINUE TO CAREFULLY MONITOR CONDITIONS AND BE PREPARED TO
IMPLEMENT DROUGHT CONSERVATION PLANS. THE ALABAMA OFFICE OF WATER
RESOURCES WILL CONTINUE TO MONITOR CONDITIONS AND PROVIDE UPDATED
NOTIFICATIONS AS NEEDED.

AGRICULTURAL IMPACTS:
PER THE LATEST CROP AND PROGRESS CONDITION REPORT FROM THE USDA
NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS SERVICE...THE AGRICULTURAL
EXTENSION AGENT IN MADISON COUNTY REPORTS THAT THE RECENT RAINS ARE
TOO LATE TO IMPROVE ANY OF THE ROW CROPS THAT HAVE SUFFERED DUE TO
THE DRY AND HOT CONDITIONS FOR MOST OF THE SUMMER...WITH PERHAPS THE
EXCEPTION OF SOYBEANS. PASTURE GRASSES ARE BEGINNING TO GROW
AGAIN...BUT THERE WAS UNCERTAINTY ABOUT THE ABILITY TO GET ANOTHER
CUTTING OF HAY.

IN TENNESSEE...THE USDA FARM SERVICE AGENT IN FRANKLIN COUNTY REPORTS
THAT THE RECENT RAINS HAVE HELPED DROUGHT STRICKEN AREAS...WITH THE
BEAN CROP AND PASTURES EXPECTED TO BENEFIT. HOWEVER...THE AGENT
REPORTS THAT A NUMBER OF LIVESTOCK PRODUCERS IN THE DRIEST AREAS OF
THE COUNTY HAVE BEEN SUPPLEMENTING PASTURES WITH HAY.

COUNTIES IN EXTREME DROUGHT /D3/ FOR ANY PORTION OF TIME
AUTOMATICALLY QUALIFY FOR U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (USDA)
PRIMARY NATURAL DISASTER STATUS. AS OF AUGUST 17TH...THE USDA HAD
OFFICIALLY DESIGNATED DEKALB...JACKSON...MARSHALL...MADISON...
MORGAN...LIMESTONE...LAWRENCE AND FRANKLIN (AL) COUNTIES AS PRIMARY
NATURAL DISASTER AREAS DUE TO DAMAGES AND LOSSES CAUSED BY THE RECENT
DROUGHT. IN SOUTHERN MIDDLE TENNESSEE...FRANKLIN...LINCOLN AND MOORE
COUNTIES ARE ALSO INCLUDED. PER THE USDA...THE CONTIGUOUS COUNTIES OF
CULLMAN...COLBERT AND LAUDERDALE COUNTIES ARE ALSO INCLUDED IN THE
DISASTER DECLARATION. ANY FURTHER NATURAL DISASTER DECLARATIONS
PERTAINING TO DROUGHT WILL BE UPDATED IN THE NEXT DROUGHT STATEMENT
ISSUANCE NEXT WEEK.

FIRE DANGER IMPACTS:
THERE ARE CURRENTLY NO ALABAMA FORESTRY COMMISSION FIRE ALERTS OR
DROUGHT EMERGENCIES ISSUED. STATE FORESTER GREG PATE IS STILL URGING
EVERYONE TO USE ALL NECESSARY SAFETY PRECAUTIONS WHEN DOING ANY TYPE
OF OUTDOOR BURNING. TO OBTAIN A BURN PERMIT...CONTACT THE ALABAMA
FORESTRY COMMISSION DISPATCH CENTER FOR YOUR COUNTY. LOCAL COUNTY
AND CITY LAWS MAY RESTRICT OUTDOOR BURNING HOWEVER...SO BURNERS ARE
RESPONSIBLE FOR CONTACTING THEIR LOCAL GOVERNMENT FOR ADDITIONAL
INFORMATION.

THE TENNESSEE DIVISION OF FORESTRY HAS NO CURRENT BURN RESTRICTIONS
IN PLACE AND BURN PERMITS ARE CURRENTLY NOT REQUIRED BY THE
DIVISION. HOWEVER...BURNERS ARE URGED TO CHECK FOR ANY LOCAL
RESTRICTIONS PRIOR TO CONDUCTING BURNING ACTIVITY.

THE KEETCH-BYRAM DROUGHT INDEX (KBDI) AVAILABLE FROM THE U.S. FOREST
SERVICE WILDLAND FIRE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM INDICATES IMPROVEMENT ACROSS
PARTS OF THE AREA. VALUES ARE NOW MAINLY BETWEEN 500 TO 600 ACROSS
SOUTHERN AND EASTERN PARTS OF THE AREA...AND MOSTLY 400 TO 500
ELSEWHERE.

CLIMATE SUMMARY:
OVER THE LAST SEVEN DAYS...TEMPERATURES HAVE AVERAGED SLIGHTLY ABOVE
NORMAL ACROSS THE AREA...AND PRECIPITATION HAS AVERAGED NEAR TO ABOVE
NORMAL FOR MOST LOCATIONS. THE LARGEST WEEKLY RAINFALL SURPLUSES
OCCURRED FROM WESTERN CULLMAN COUNTY NORTHWARD TO INCLUDE WESTERN
MORGAN...MOST OF LAWRENCE AND LIMESTONE COUNTIES...EASTERN
LAUDERDALE...NORTHERN MADISON AND MUCH OF LINCOLN...MOORE AND
FRANKLIN COUNTIES. RAINFALL AMOUNTS IN THESE AREAS WAS GENERALLY ONE
TO THREE INCHES ABOVE NORMAL FOR THE PAST WEEK...ALTHOUGH RAINFALL
SURPLUSES AS MUCH AS THREE TO FIVE INCHES ABOVE NORMAL OCCURRED IN
PARTS OF SOUTHERN MIDDLE TENNESSEE.

DURING THE SPRING AND INTO SUMMER /MARCH TO MID AUGUST/...
TEMPERATURES HAVE AVERAGED WELL ABOVE NORMAL...WHICH HAS HELPED LEAD
TO THE DEVELOPMENT AND SUSTENANCE OF DROUGHT CONDITIONS. AT
HUNTSVILLE...THIS PERIOD RANKS AS THE 3RD WARMEST ON RECORD...AND
RANKS FOURTH WARMEST ON RECORD AT MUSCLE SHOALS. AT
SCOTTSBORO...THIS RANKS AS THE SEVENTH WARMEST.

CLOSE TO THE HEART OF THE DROUGHT IN NORTHEASTERN ALABAMA AT
SCOTTSBORO...THE COOPERATIVE OBSERVER SITE AT RADIO STATION WWIC IN
DOWNTOWN IS 9.18 INCHES BELOW NORMAL FOR THE YEAR TO DATE...AND IS
4.35 INCHES BELOW NORMAL OVER THE LAST THREE MONTHS.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK:
GENERALLY ISOLATED TO SCATTERED SHOWER AND THUNDERSTORM
ACTIVITY IS EXPECTED THROUGH THE WEEKEND. THE BEST CHANCES FOR
RAINFALL WILL BE ON FRIDAY AFTERNOON...BUT WIDESPREAD BENEFICIAL
RAINFALL IS NOT ANTICIPATED AT THIS TIME. RAINFALL OVER THE NEXT WEEK
IS EXPECTED TO AVERAGE AROUND ONE QUARTER TO ONE HALF INCH AT MOST
LOCATIONS. ALTHOUGH...ISOLATED LOCATIONS MAY RECEIVE HEAVIER RAINFALL
IF A HEAVIER SHOWER OR THUNDERSTORM OCCURS AT THAT LOCATION.
OTHERWISE...RAINFALL WILL GENERALLY BE BELOW NORMAL FOR THE NEXT
WEEK. TEMPERATURES ARE EXPECTED TO CONTINUE THE ABOVE NORMAL
TREND OVER THE NEXT WEEK...WITH DAYTIME HIGHS MOSTLY IN THE LOW TO
MID 90S AND LOWS IN THE LOW TO MID 70S...WHICH IS AROUND FIVE DEGREES
ABOVE NORMAL FOR THIS TIME OF YEAR.

THE OUTLOOK FOR WEEK TWO /SEP 1ST - SEP 7TH/ FROM THE CLIMATE
PREDICTION CENTER STRONGLY FAVORS ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND
SLIGHTLY FAVORS NEAR NORMAL PRECIPITATION. THE OUTLOOK FOR EARLY
SEPTEMBER SLIGHTLY FAVORS ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND BELOW NORMAL
PRECIPITATION. THE OUTLOOK FOR ALL OF SEPTEMBER SLIGHTLY FAVORS ABOVE
NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION.

THE LATEST SEASONAL DROUGHT OUTLOOK VALID FROM AUGUST 18TH TO
NOVEMBER 30TH INDICATES THAT DROUGHT IS LIKELY TO PERSIST ACROSS THE
REGION THROUGH THE END OF NOVEMBER.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
AREA RIVER AND CREEK STREAMFLOWS VARY ACROSS THE AREA BUT HAVE
EXPERIENCED MARKED IMPROVEMENT AT MOST LOCATIONS OVER THE LAST WEEK.
SOME CREEKS REMAIN LOW...SUCH AS SOUTH SAUTY CREEK NEAR RAINSVILLE
(16TH PERCENTILE)...BUT MOST OTHERS SHOW IMPROVEMENT ABOVE THE 50TH
PERCENTILE FOR SEVEN-DAY AVERAGE STREAMFLOWS...INCLUDING THE PAINT
ROCK RIVER...THE FLINT RIVER...LIMESTONE CREEK...BIG NANCE
CREEK...THE ELK RIVER AND THE SIPSEY FORK.

LAKE LEVELS HAVE LARGELY BEEN UNAFFECTED BY THE DROUGHT CONDITIONS
THIS YEAR. LAKES WITHIN THE HEAVILY REGULATED TENNESSEE RIVER SYSTEM
ARE OPERATING WITHIN NORMAL POOL LEVELS...ALTHOUGH PICKWICK LAKE AND
TIMS FORD LAKE HAVE RISEN SLIGHTLY ABOVE NORMAL OPERATING POOL LEVELS
IN THE PAST WEEK. ALABAMA POWER REPORTS THAT DRY CONDITIONS ARE
HAVING AN IMPACT ON SOME LAKE LEVELS UNDER THEIR CONTROL...INCLUDING
LEWIS SMITH LAKE. THE LAKE IS OPERATING BELOW ITS NORMAL GUIDE CURVE
FOR THIS TIME OF YEAR...BUT HAS BECOME SLIGHTLY CLOSER TO THE NORMAL
GUIDE CURVE FOR THIS TIME OF YEAR DUE TO RECENT RAINFALL.

ACCORDING TO THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...THE LATEST DAILY SOIL
MOISTURE RANKINGS AS OF AUGUST 24TH INDICATE SOIL MOISTURE RANKINGS
IN THE 10TH TO 20TH PERCENTILES IN PARTS OF NORTHEASTERN
ALABAMA...WITH VALUES INCREASING QUICKLY WESTWARD. ACROSS
NORTHWESTERN ALABAMA...VALUES ARE ABOVE THE 30TH PERCENTILE AND ARE
CONSIDERED CLOSER TO NORMAL FOR THIS TIME OF YEAR.

THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY GROUNDWATER WELL SITE IN CULLMAN COUNTY
SHOWS THAT GROUNDWATER LEVELS FELL BELOW THE DAILY MEDIAN VALUE
DURING THE MARCH TO LATE APRIL PERIOD AND HAVE SINCE REMAINED BELOW
NORMAL SINCE THAT TIME. HOWEVER...DECREASES IN GROUNDWATER HAVE
STABILIZED OVER THE PAST WEEK. GROUNDWATER LEVELS AT THE MONITORING
SITE IN LAWRENCE COUNTY HAVE SHOWN GRADUAL INCREASES OVER THE LAST
MONTH AND ARE CLOSER TO NORMAL CURRENTLY. THE GROUNDWATER WELL SITES
IN JACKSON AND MADISON COUNTIES OPERATED BY THE ALABAMA GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY SHOW GROUNDWATER LEVELS BELOW AVERAGE FOR THIS TIME OF
YEAR. HOWEVER...VALUES HAVE RISEN A LITTLE AT THE MADISON COUNTY WELL
SITE DUE TO RECENT RAINS.

THE OUTLOOK FOR SOIL MOISTURE AND STREAMFLOWS THROUGH EARLY NEXT
WEEK IS FOR GENERAL BUT SLOW DEGRADATION ACROSS THE AREA GIVEN THE
EXPECTATION FOR ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND BELOW NORMAL RAINFALL.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE:
THE NEXT DROUGHT STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED NEXT THURSDAY...SEPTEMBER
1ST.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
/USE LOWER CASE/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR WEB PAGE...HTTP://DROUGHTMONITOR.UNL.EDU

FOR MORE DROUGHT INFORMATION...VISIT OUR WEBSITE AT
HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/HUNTSVILLE. THERE YOU CAN FIND MORE DROUGHT
RELATED INFORMATION BY CLICKING ON THE DROUGHT LINK NEAR THE BOTTOM
OF THE PAGE.

FOR INFORMATION ABOUT ALABAMA DROUGHT DECLARATIONS...VISIT
HTTP://WWW.ADECA.ALABAMA.GOV/DIVISIONS/OWR/PAGES/DEFAULT.ASPX

FOR INFORMATION FROM THE ALABAMA FORESTRY COMMISSION...VISIT
HTTP://FORESTRY.ALABAMA.GOV/

RADAR ESTIMATED PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS CAN BE OBTAINED FROM...
HTTP://WATER.WEATHER.GOV/PRECIP

STREAMFLOWS ARE OBTAINED FROM THE USGS AT...
HTTP://WATERWATCH.USGS.GOV/INDEX.PHP

LAKE LEVELS FOR THE TENNESSEE RIVER LAKES CAN BE OBTAINED FROM
HTTP://WWW.TVA.COM/LAKEINFO/

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS...

SOME DATA USED IN THIS STATEMENT WERE PROVIDED BY THE U.S.
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY...THE
TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY...AND THE STATES OF ALABAMA AND
TENNESSEE.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...

FOR QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ON THE DROUGHT...CONTACT:
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE HUNTSVILLE
320A SPARKMAN DRIVE
HUNTSVILLE AL 35805
PHONE: 256-890-8503
SR-HUN.WEBMASTER@NOAA.GOV

$$

KDW



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