Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 170905
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
404 AM EST TUE JAN 17 2017


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID JAN 17/1200 UTC THRU JAN 20/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1 UPDATE...

CHANGES TO THE PRELIM DAY 1 QPF WERE TO INCREASE THE QPF SLIGHTLY
ACROSS PORTIONS OF SOUTHEAST TX AND INTO THE LOWER MS VALLEY WHERE
THERE IS EXPECTED TO BE A FAVORABLE ENVIRONMENT FOR SOME LOCALLY
HEAVY RAINS GIVEN THE POOLING OF MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY ALONG
THE TAIL END OF A FRONT STALLING ACROSS THIS LOCATION. TRENDS SEEN
IN THE HIRES GUIDANCE AND THE LATEST ECMWF SUPPORT THE MODESTLY
WETTER ADJUSTMENTS. OTHERWISE...NO CHANGES WERE MADE.

DAY 1...

...SOUTHERN PLAINS/LOWER MS VALLEY TO THE NORTHEAST...

THE FORMER COMPACT UPPER LOW THAT BROUGHT THE MULTI-DAY ICE STORM
TO THE CENTRAL PLAINS WILL BE PROGRESSIVELY CROSSING THE LOWER
GREAT LAKES AND NEW ENGLAND AS A SHEARING SHORTWAVE TROUGH ON
TUESDAY. MEANWHILE...A NORTHERN STREAM SHORTWAVE WILL BE DIGGING
IN ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES IN ITS WAKE. THE COMBINATION OF BOTH
WILL ALLOW SURFACE LOW PRESSURE TO MOVE ACROSS THE LOWER GREAT
LAKES AND INTO WESTERN NY...BEFORE SECONDARY LOW PRESSURE OFF
SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND DEVELOPS AND BECOMES THE DOMINANT LOW CENTER
BY EARLY WEDNESDAY. A SWATH OF MODERATE TO HEAVY PRECIPITATION
WILL CROSS THE LOWER GREAT LAKES/NY AND CENTRAL/SOUTHERN NEW
ENGLAND THIS PERIOD...INCLUDING A FAIRLY EXTENSIVE AXIS OF
FREEZING RAIN WHERE SHALLOW COLD AIR WILL BE IN PLACE.
HOWEVER...THERMAL PROFILES ACROSS THE INTERIOR OF NEW ENGLAND ARE
SUPPORTIVE OF A DEEPER COLD LAYER THAT WILL BE CONDUCIVE FOR
LOCALLY HEAVY SNOWFALL HERE. PLEASE CONSULT THE LATEST QPFHSD FOR
MORE DETAILS ON THE EXPECTED WINTER WEATHER CONDITIONS.

FARTHER SOUTH ACROSS THE OH VALLEY AND MID-ATLANTIC...WARM
ADVECTION AHEAD OF AN APPROACHING COLD FRONT WILL BE SUPPORTIVE OF
SOME GENERALLY LIGHT TO LOCALLY MODERATE RAIN. HEAVIER RAINS
THOUGH WILL BE POSSIBLE ACROSS THE TN VALLEY AND BACK DOWN INTO
PORTIONS OF THE LOWER MS VALLEY AND EASTERN TX WHERE MORE
SIGNIFICANT AMOUNTS OF MOISTURE AND SOME INSTABILITY WILL BE
POOLED ALONG THE AFOREMENTIONED FRONT. THIS PORTION OF THE FRONT
DRAPED SOUTHWEST DOWN ACROSS SOUTHEAST TX/LA WILL STALL OUT AND
THE GUIDANCE SUPPORTS DEVELOPMENT OF A WAVE OF LOW PRESSURE ALONG
IT BY LATE TUESDAY. THIS WILL BE IN RESPONSE TO AN ELONGATED
POSITIVELY-TILTED TROUGH AND CLOSED LOW BACK TOWARD THE SOUTHERN
HIGH PLAINS AND THE FOUR CORNERS REGION THAT WILL ALLOW SOME WEAK
SHORTWAVE ENERGY TO EJECT DOWNSTREAM ACROSS THE SOUTHERN PLAINS
AND THEN INTERACT WITH THE FRONT. THE MODELS AGREE IN DEVELOPING A
BROAD AREA OF FAVORABLE RIGHT-ENTRANCE REGION JET DYNAMICS BY
LATER TUESDAY AND EARLY WEDNESDAY AS WELL. THE RESULT SHOULD BE
THE FRONTAL ZONE BECOMING CONVECTIVELY ACTIVE WITH SOME
SLOW-MOVING AND HEAVY SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS. THE HIGHEST PW
VALUES SHOULD BE ACROSS SOUTHEAST TX AND WESTERN LA WITH A POOL OF
OVER 1.5 INCH PWS WITH THE AID OF A S/SW LOW LEVEL JET OF 30 TO 40
KTS IN OFF THE FAR WESTERN GULF OF MEXICO. THE NON-NCEP MODELS
COLLECTIVELY ALONG WITH THE HIRES ARW/NMMB MODELS SUPPORT THE
POTENTIAL FOR HEAVY RAINS ACROSS THIS AREA...WITH POTENTIALLY 1 TO
2 INCH RAINFALL AMOUNTS AND ISOLATED TOTALS TO PERHAPS NEAR 3
INCHES GIVEN THE EXPECTED SLOW MOVEMENT AND POTENTIAL FOR SOME
TRAINING CONVECTION LOCALLY. SOME ISOLATED RUNOFF PROBLEMS WILL BE
POSSIBLE AS A RESULT. SOMEWHAT LIGHTER RAINFALL TOTALS ARE
EXPECTED UP ALONG THE FRONT TOWARD THE TN VALLEY. WPC GENERALLY
FAVORED A CONSENSUS OF THE ECMWF/UKMET AND THE HIRES GUIDANCE FOR
QPF ACROSS THE TN/LOWER MS VALLEY REGION AND SOUTHEAST TX. FARTHER
NORTH TOWARD THE GREAT LAKES AND NEW ENGLAND...MORE OF A GFS/ECMWF
CONSENSUS WAS FOLLOWED.

...PACIFIC NORTHWEST...

INCREASING ONSHORE FLOW AHEAD OF A WARM FRONT WILL BEGIN TO SPREAD
LIGHT TO MODERATE RAIN INTO PARTS OF COASTAL WA AND ESPECIALLY THE
OLYMPIC PENINSULA ON TUESDAY. PRECIPITATION WITH THE DEEP LAYER
WARM ADVECTION PATTERN WILL BEGIN TO OVERSPREAD THE WA CASCADES AS
WELL THROUGHOUT THE DAY...AND THEN GRADUALLY SPREADING SOUTHWARD
ALONG THE OR COAST AND INTO THE SOUTHERN WA/NORTHERN OR CASCADES
AND THE COASTAL RANGES. THE LATEST GUIDANCE IS INDICATING THAT
THIS IS JUST THE LEADING EDGE OF WHAT IS AN IMPRESSIVELY
LONG-FETCH ATMOSPHERIC RIVER THAT EXTENDS WELL SOUTHWEST ALL THE
WAY INTO THE TROPICAL WESTERN PACIFIC OCEAN. THIS CONTINUES TO BE
CONFIRMED BY CIRA-LPW DATA AND AMSU 89 GHZ DATA. BY TUESDAY
NIGHT...MUCH STRONGER SOUTHWEST ONSHORE FLOW AHEAD OF AN
APPROACHING COLD FRONT WILL BEGIN TO ARRIVE AND ALONG WITH
CONSIDERABLY STRONGER MOISTURE FLUX AND PW ANOMALIES AS A RESULT.
A SOUTHWEST LOW LEVEL JET OF 50 TO 70 KTS IS FORECAST TUESDAY
NIGHT JUST OFFSHORE WA/OR WHICH WILL FOSTER 850/700 MB MOISTURE
FLUX ANOMALIES OF 4 TO 5 STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN...AND
PW VALUES OF 2 TO 2.5 STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN. THIS
WILL RESULT IN HEAVY OROGRAPHICALLY ENHANCED RAINS FOR THE WA/OR
COASTAL RANGES AND ESPECIALLY OVER THE OLYMPIC PENINSULA WHERE AS
MUCH AS 3 TO 6 INCHES OF RAIN WILL BE POSSIBLE BY WEDNESDAY
MORNING. THIS WILL RESULT IN SOME HEIGHTENED CONCERNS FOR RUNOFF
PROBLEMS. THE DEEP LAYER PACIFIC MOISTURE PLUME SHOULD SETTLE AS
FAR SOUTH AS THE SOUTHWEST OR COASTAL RANGES AND EXTREME NORTHWEST
CA BY WEDNESDAY MORNING. THE MULTI-DAY TREND HAS BEEN TO SLOW UP
THE ARRIVAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC RIVER CONDITIONS SOMEWHAT...BUT
REGARDLESS...THE GUIDANCE AGREES IN BRINGING HEAVY RAINS AND
HIGHER ELEVATION SNOWFALL TO THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST THIS PERIOD. ON
THE WINTER WEATHER FRONT...THE DEEP ATMOSPHERIC RIVER FETCH WILL
BE ENCOUNTERING A COLD DOME OF HIGH PRESSURE OVER THE GREAT
BASIN...AND THE MODELS SUPPORT A RATHER SIGNIFICANT AMOUNT OF LOW
LEVEL COLD AIR REMAINING IN PLACE AS PRECIPITATION ARRIVES ACROSS
THE NORTHWEST. THE RESULT IS EXPECTED TO BE SOME LOCALLY
SIGNIFICANT ICE ACCUMULATIONS ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE COLUMBIA
RIVER GORGE AND ADJACENT AREAS OF NORTHERN OR/SOUTHERN WA AND
ACROSS EASTERN WA. PLEASE AGAIN CONSULT THE LATEST QPFHSD FOR MORE
DETAILS ON THE EXPECTED WINTER WEATHER CONDITIONS. WPC QPF
GENERALLY LEANED TOWARD A CONSENSUS OF THE HIRES ARW/NNMB ALONG
WITH SOME OF THE ECMWF AND GFS SOLUTIONS.


DAYS 2 AND 3...

...PACIFIC NORTHWEST/NORTHERN ROCKIES/CALIFORNIA/SOUTHWEST...

WEDNESDAY SHOULD HAVE INTEGRATED 850-700 MB MOISTURE TRANSPORT
PEAKING IN NORTHWEST CA AND ADJACENT SOUTHWEST OR...SLIDING SOUTH
AS WED PROGRESSES.  WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR AN INCH ON
COAST NORTHWEST CA...IMPRESSIVE DIFFLUENCE ALOFT WITH THE
REGION... SEVERAL FACTORS SUPPORT HEAVY PRECIPITATION. THE MODELS
HAVE CONVERGED ON THE HEAVIEST PRECIPITATION INTO THE COASTAL
RANGES OF SOUTHWEST OREGON AND NORTHWEST CA. THIS REGION SHOULD
SEE AN ENHANCEMENT OF PRECIPITATION INTENSITY BY WEDNESDAY
AFTERNOON AHEAD OF THE SHORTWAVE TROUGH AXIS AS IT MOVES ASHORE.
BY LATER WEDNESDAY INTO THURSDAY THE SYSTEM BECOMES MORE
PROGRESSIVE AND BEGINS TO LOSE SOME OF ITS ANOMALOUS MOISTURE
CHARACTERISTICS AS IT SHIFTS SOUTH THROUGH CA. THE MAIN PORTION OF
THE MOISTURE PLUME WILL SHIFT SOUTH ACROSS CA THROUGH THE DAY
WEDNESDAY IN TANDEM WITH THE UPPER TROUGH MOVING EAST.

A SLIGHT RISK CONTINUES ON THE DAY 2 EXCESSIVE RAINFALL OUTLOOK
(12Z WED-12Z THU) ACROSS THE FAVORED COASTAL RANGES OF NORTHWEST
CA AND SOUTHWEST OR...WHERE AN INCREASED DURATION OF THE ANOMALOUS
MOISTURE PLUME/LOW LEVEL WINDS SHOULD ALLOW FOR IMPRESSIVE
RAINFALL TOTALS IN AN AREA THAT HAS ALREADY BEEN ANOMALOUSLY WET
RECENTLY.  MODELS WERE IN PRETTY GOOD AGREEMENT WITH THE EVOLUTION
OF THIS SYSTEM...AND THUS WPC FOLLOWED A MULTI MODEL
BLEND/CONTINUITY FOR QPF AMOUNTS. PLEASE REFER TO THE QPFHSD FOR
THE RESULTANT IMPACTS ON SNOW AND ICING FORECASTS.

THE MODELS SHOW THE NORTHERN PORTION OF THE UPPER JET STREAMING
ONSHORE INTO WA STATE AND OR...WITH FAVORABLE UPPER DIVERGENCE
MAXIMA COMING INTO EASTERN WA/OR AND IDAHO. STEADY TO HEAVY
PRECIPITATION IS EXPECTED IN THESE AREAS DUE TO HIGH RH VALUES AND
PERSISTENT LIFT. MANUAL PROGS USED A MULTI-MODEL AND 21Z SREF MEAN
CONSENSUS.

ON THU...THE NEXT JET MAXIMA IS FORECAST TO DEVELOP OVER THE
PACIFIC AND STREAM INTO SOUTHERN CA.
THIS EJECTS THE LEAD SHORTWAVE ACROSS SOUTHERN CA INTO THE
SOUTHWEST US...WITH PRECIPITATION EXPECTED ACROSS THE SOUTHWEST.
THE 00Z UKMET AND ECMWF AMPLIFIED THE 700 MB WAVE CROSSING
ARIZONA...SO UP TO HALF AN INCH LIQUID EQUIVALENT IS POSSIBLE IN
THE MOGOLLON RIM AS THE WAVE MOVES ACROSS THE REGION.
THE UPPER DIFLUENT FLOW ACROSS MUCH OF NORTHERN CA SUPPORTS
CONTINUED SHOWERY CONDITIONS...WITH LIFT AIDED BY UPSLOPE FLOW IN
THE TERRAN ACROSS BOTH SOUTHERN CA SUCH AS THE SAN BERNARDINO
MOUNTAINS AND THE MOUNTAINS OF CENTRAL AND NORTHERN CA.

...SOUTHEAST TX/LOWER MS VALLEY INTO THE TN VALLEY AND SOUTHEAST...

A FRONTAL BOUNDARY IS EXPECTED TO MOVE SLOWLY EAST OUT OF TEXAS
INTO LA WEDNESDAY. EXPECT TO SEE INCREASING SOUTHERLY FLOW AHEAD
OF THE TROUGH AS IT SLOWLY MOVES EAST...WHICH WILL RESULT IN
INCREASING MOISTURE. THE CURRENT MODEL CONSENSUS IS FOR A
SOUTHWEST TO NORTHEAST ORIENTED UPPER JET ACROSS EAST TEXAS ON
WED. INCREASED SOUTHERLY FLOW AND ASCENT IN THE JET ENTRANCE
REGION OVER COASTAL TEXAS AND LA SHOULD RESULT IN AN UPTICK IN
CONVECTIVE DEVELOPMENT OVER THESE AREAS. THE EXPECTATION IS THAT
PERIODS OF CONVECTION WILL BE ONGOING ALONG/NEAR THE BOUNDARY OVER
COASTAL TEXAS.
AS THE UPPER TROUGH EJECTS EAST ON THU THE FAVORABLE UPPER
DIVERGENCE AND LOW LEVEL MOISTURE ADVECTION AND CONVERGENCE MOVES
EAST ACROSS EASTERN LA INTO MS AND AL. UPSLOPE FLOW INTO THE
SOUTHERN APPALACHIANS THU NIGHT AIDS IN A SECONDARY MAXIMA THERE.

THE DAY 2 QPF (12Z WED-12Z THU) MODEL PREFERENCE WAS TOWARDS THE
12Z-00Z ECMWF/UKMET/00Z GFS.
GIVEN THE TRAINING POTENTIAL IN THE LOW DIRECTIONAL SHEAR
ENVIRONMENT...A MARGINAL RISK OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL WAS INDICATED
DAY 3. WITH HIGH FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE...RELATIVELY DRY ANTECEDENT
CONDITIONS WARRANT JUST A MARGINAL RISK IS INDICATED AT THIS TIME.
EXPECT A SWATH OF HEAVY RAINFALL FROM EASTERN LA EAST INTO
PORTIONS OF MS/AL/FL PANHANDLE ON DAY 3 (12Z THU-12Z FRI).  AGAIN
PREFERRED A ECMWF/UKMET/GFS/NAM BLEND.  WITH 2-3 INCHES FORECAST
BY A FEW OF THE MODELS...A DAY 3 MARGINAL RISK FOR EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL WAS INDICATED.

THE UPPER JET CONTINUES NORTH OUT OF THE LOWER MS VALLEY WITH
UPPER DIVERGENCE MAXIMA CROSSING INTO THE TN VALLEY AND OHIO
VALLEY...SUPPORTING NORTHWARD EXPANSION OF THE AREA OF
SHOWER/POTENTIAL EMBEDDED STORMS. TIMING AND PHASING DIFFERENCES
IN THE UPPER JET AND DIFFERENCES IN INSTABILITY ARE REFLECTED IN
HOW FAR NORTH THE RAINFALL PROGRESSES. A CONSENSUS BASED APPROACH
WAS USED TO RESOLVE DIFFERENCES.

...SOUTHEAST NEW ENGLAND...

A SHORTWAVE AND SURFACE LOW WILL MOVE OFF THE MID ATLANTIC COAST
BY WEDNESDAY. A BAND OF LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE AND MOISTURE
WRAPPING AROUND THE FORMING CIRCULATION CENTER OFF THE COAST LEADS
TO LIGHT DAY 2 PRECIP CENTERED ON CAPE COD MA.  WITH THE CYCLONE
DEPARTING AND THE MOISTURE RETREATING WITH IT...AMOUNTS SHOULD
REMAIN LIGHT. THERE IS NOW PRETTY GOOD AGREEMENT WITH THE LATEST
NAM/GFS/ECMWF...WITH THE WPC FORECAST REMAINING A MULTI MODEL
CONSENSUS.

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML

ORRISON/PETERSEN

24HR QP VT 18/12Z
 0.01 417312 423306 430300 435294 442290 450288 457286 466286
      476290 483294 488297 490302 494311 495315 500318 501318
      525255 522249 520244 517238 515232 513224 511218 510214
      510209 512207 515207 517212 521218 523221 527224 530229
      533230 541203 541196 540191 535184 529167 516155 503146
      497141 490135 488133 484133 477136 474136 475139 479140
      481140 482143 479146 477147 468146 463146 461148 455154
      446168 441174 438176 434177 427175 424177 423181 411192
      408194 407198 408206 415211 415215 413215 408214 400210
      398212 398215 402217 403221 400224 396224 392225 388228
      385235 384245 386255 390262 391266 391272 388277 386286
      382299
 0.01 468741 467728 465717 464713 463707 459701 454693 449685
      438676 433672 428663 419657 412651 405651 397652 394652
      391654 382658 375661 369665 362669 349680 342685 340689
      339692 334708 330721 327738 325748 324752 322755 312766
      309772 312778 316782 313787 309793 308797 310799 315794
      318789 323785 331774 341760 345754 348754 347758 349770
      348779 348789 348798 350809 351814 349819 349825 348830
      344837 341843 337850 331864 327879 325888 325893 324899
      317912 309924 299935 291940 286945 274955 266965 262971
      262980 266984 268985 268988 267992 265996 266000 267005
      269008 269013 270016 276020 280020 283024 285027 289029
      295034 297039 296044 299060 300067 306071 310077 320079
      329092 332099 336100 337104 340111 342111 344109 345102
      344099 341089 337084 336073 336070 337067 338063 341053
      342045 344040 346038 350031 352022 355015 355010 353007
      351998 347992 342986 344982 345977 346971 348969 349963
      348956 346954 345951 345949 345942 346937 347929 349925
      349920 350912 351901 353893 356886 366872 370865 375860
      389854 393853 397855 398858 402860 408855 412856 414858
      417868 418873 419877 423879 428883 432890 435890 437894
      437897 439899 442899 445898 448901 450906 452906 455904
      458903 462897 465890 466885 466879 467865 466839 466832
      464829 464823 465818 464794 468757 468748 468741
 0.25 524262 521255 518248 513233 508220 501207 499201 497194
      502189 506191 510192 513194 518198 521203 526208 530209
      532208 533205 534200 533190 530183 527177 524171 520167
      513165 507161 501159 495160 487159 480157 475160 470162
      466167 465173 464176 461175 458176 455179 453183 456187
      460185 464184 474191 474197 472200 468205 464206 461203
      457204 453210 449212 437216 427221 427229 425232 423231
      417227 411226 407229 404234 397246 396252 397256 398264
      399271 398281 397289 400296 405299 411299 422293 442283
      452278 463274 470274 477277 490283 500291 510298
 0.25 487231 487230 485228 483229 483230 484232 485233 487231
      487231
 0.25 451190 452188 453186 452183 451183 450182 449182 448182
      446183 445184 444186 444189 445191 447192 449192 451191
      451190
 0.25 455747 455740 454735 450727 447710 443702 437696 427686
      423685 419686 412685 404686 399691 395699 393708 393713
      391717 393725 394736 396743 400751 401756 401762 399770
      399777 399783 398791 395798 393802 396804 401809 407814
      411819 423829 435835 442834 445831 447827 451820 452816
      453811 452799 451785 450779 451773 453765 454753 455747
 0.25 379679 377673 374671 371671 365674 360678 345698 342704
      340710 338725 338731 339737 333748 330753 327759 328762
      332762 335758 342746 344741 345735 345730 347727 349727
      352731 352734 356734 359739 360749 362756 364759 368758
      374756 376753 377749 375740 375731 374724 375715 378700
      379689 379679
 0.25 382809 382807 378806 373808 364814 351831 346842 344848
      343854 341867 337878 317919 312927 304936 288949 282956
      279963 278969 278984 278991 280996 285006 293013 300014
      304014 307013 314007 328990 328976 330962 333949 338937
      342926 343912 344899 348885 352875 357865 362856 365849
      366843 370832 376822 382809
 0.25 339032 341026 338021 334020 330021 323025 320029 318033
      317039 320043 325050 324057 321061 321064 324065 328063
      331060 332053 333049 335045 337041 338034 339032
 0.50 522264 510230 507221 502213 497207 490203 482199 475204
      469209 464209 459207 457210 451215 444215 440217 438219
      434221 432224 433232 430235 428236 419233 415231 413232
      409235 407239 403247 402252 403257 405265 405277 405281
      408284 412286 416287 422286 430283 442276 455270 462268
      470268 478271 485274 493279 499284 502287 507289 513289
 0.50 529199 530193 529188 526180 523173 517172 513172 509171
      505170 501170 500173 501177 503180 508185 515189 519194
      524200 527202 529199
 0.50 488231 487228 485227 484226 482225 480225 480226 480228
      480229 482230 482232 483233 484234 486233 486232 488231
 0.50 494174 494171 494168 492169 491169 489169 487169 486171
      487174 487175 488175 490175 491175 492175 493175 494174
 0.50 461180 462178 461177 459178 457179 456182 457183 458182
      459182 461181 461180
 0.50 446795 444779 444773 442767 440761 441753 442746 440740
      437735 435728 435712 433706 429702 424700 418701 414705
      411710 412714 415715 418718 420725 421734 418734 415736
      416739 417752 417756 417760 419766 418772 415777 410780
      406783 410795 413800 417803 425810 430811 435807 440807
      444804 446795
 0.50 414729 413727 412727 412725 410723 408722 407722 406724
      405725 404727 405728 406729 407731 408732 410732 411733
      412732 413731 414729
 0.50 375687 374683 373681 371679 368678 365681 363683 362686
      360689 360691 361695 363695 366696 368696 370695 373692
      375690 375687
 0.50 369822 366820 363822 356828 352832 351836 348846 343869
      340879 336887 327905 323914 318922 313929 307937 294949
      288955 285959 283964 282969 284973 286978 286983 286996
      287002 291006 298006 301003 304999 308998 312995 313990
      313986 311981 317975 322967 325957 330947 334939 337928
      340918 341905 341899 343893 346884 349874 354865 358857
      362847 365832 367825 369822
 0.50 332038 333036 333034 333032 332030 330030 329031 328032
      327033 327036 328037 328038 330039 331039 332038
 1.00 516264 516258 515253 513245 510236 507229 503220 499214
      493209 485205 478206 474207 472211 458214 452217 445218
      442220 440224 442227 445230 447231 443232 437236 432239
      423237 416237 413241 411246 412267 413276 416278 419278
      433273 444267 456261 463260 471260 480263 486267 498279
      501280 504278 509273 516264
 1.00 489234 489231 489229 489227 488226 487225 486224 484223
      483222 481222 479223 478225 478228 480230 481231 481233
      482234 482236 484237 485235 486235 488234 489234
 1.00 334928 335923 333917 329918 330914 330910 328911 324917
      316929 307940 297950 294956 293966 298971 301971 304968
      316965 320960 323954 330940 333933 334928
 1.50 509254 510249 510245 509238 504228 502222 499216 495213
      491211 485208 480208 476210 472215 461215 453218 445221
      444224 446226 451226 455226 460228 468225 472226 470230
      465230 460232 454232 449233 441235 435242 431242 428240
      423238 418239 417243 419254 418263 419269 423270 428269
      437264 444260 453256 462253 473254 478256 482259 498275
      501275 503273 504265 500256 495245 491240 489238 486238
      482237 479231 473224 477220 481220 487223 490227 492234
      494239 501248 505253 509254
 1.50 330932 330925 326928 325931 319931 316933 310939 304945
      299952 300956 305957 314955 316956 319952 323945 328939
      330932
 2.00 508246 507237 503231 500222 495216 489212 485210 481210
      478212 477214 478216 486220 489221 491224 493233 497240
      502246 505248 508247 508246
 2.00 501269 500262 498256 493246 491242 488240 485240 483241
      482240 479233 476230 471232 462233 459234 456233 451234
      442237 440239 441242 440246 436249 430247 427242 424241
      420240 422244 425247 426254 428260 432260 436257 439253
      443251 447251 457248 461247 465246 477249 482252 485256
      492265 496269 498271 501269
 2.00 464224 465221 464219 463217 461217 460218 459218 457218
      456218 455219 455221 455222 457224 458225 460225 462225
      464224 464224
 2.00 449222 448221 447221 446221 448223 449222
 2.00 318939 317937 316938 315939 314940 312941 310943 308944
      307945 307946 305947 307949 308949 310949 312948 313947
      314946 315945 316944 316943 317941 318939
 3.00 501238 501235 501233 500231 500230 499227 498224 497224
      496221 495221 493222 493225 493227 493229 494230 495233
      496235 497237 499238 501238
 3.00 495262 496260 495257 495255 495254 494252 493251 492249
      491248 491247 490245 488244 486245 486246 486248 487251
      488254 489254 490256 490258 491259 492261 494262 495262
 3.00 486215 485215 484213 483214 484215 485215 486215
 3.00 479238 478236 478234 476232 475232 474232 472234 472236
      473239 473240 475241 476241 478241 479239 479238

24HR QP VT 19/12Z
 0.01 420637 424646 426653 428658 434667 440677 445683 448685
      451684 453675 456670 458667 464660 472654 478648 488642
      490645 491650 494660 495668 497673 498677 500679 501684
      505694 507710 508718 507725 506732 504738 500745 496750
      486753 476755 469752 461758 457761 453764 446773 441777
      437780 436785 429801 427806 424810 419816 416818 414817
      411817 404818 399821 389822 382822 374819 370817 369813
      374805 380799 386792 390788 395784 401780 408782 416784
      419782 421780 421777 421773 419771 415771 410770 408766
      408738 409728 409724 406722 403720 402715 399710 396708
      391707 386708 382711 380715 379743 379753 379759 377762
      374770 370777 364785 361789 358790 348794 341786 332776
      325780 322782 319780 318776 317763 317751 319741 322730
      328716 335699 336693 338687 340680
 0.01 343274 353277 362277 371278 381283 386287 394290 413296
      422299 426300 430300 440303 446305 450305 458307 464308
      467316 469320 471323 477320 483315 489309 492306 496303
      506295 514280 518272 522262 526251 527236 528224 528216
      533211 536201 537193 536188 532180 521164 516159 511154
      499144 487132 483129 478128 474129 471132 466136 462136
      459138 454142 450142 446140 444137 444131 446127 446121
      444117 441115 432118 426120 419123 410121 404118 397119
      391125 383128 371127 361132 355136 351143 348153 345157
      342159 323161 318164 314170 313173 311178 309181 308188
      306192 306196 306201 305207 308216 312223 318229 322233
      323242 323248 323252 326259 329263
 0.01 381181 379179 378179 376178 374177 373176 371176 371177
      370178 370179 372180 374180 375182 376182 377182 379182
      381181
 0.01 385893 385883 384874 380857 372852 368847 365844 360841
      356841 354838 355836 355831 353828 351829 342836 336845
      332849 327853 326857 331863 329868 325872 318879 314884
      308887 304890 298897 292903 284912 281917 276920 264925
      259927 255931 250941 246945 243950 241966 242994 244000
      247004 252006 262007 273007 276006 280006 287006 293005
      297004 299002 306990 317973 324962 334953 342946 351941
      361934 371925 377916 382905 385893
 0.25 530202 532195 531191 525185 512173 502164 492152 491147
      489144 486141 482139 482143 480145 476147 471147 463144
      459148 453152 447148 441144 436138 431137 428139 425142
      424148 423157 422164 420169 418171 414177 413187 415191
      418194 420197 418199 415201 411199 408200 406204 400201
      388194 374184 365180 358179 352181 349182 346180 342178
      338178 335184 332196 332202 333206 336213 338218 339223
      343237 346243 351249 379270 393277 407277 423276 441277
      455278 462280 470282 479287 487289 495289 499288 502286
      511274 513272 515267 517257 517251 517246 514237 512227
      507216 502202 504197 512199 518202 523207 528205 530202
 0.25 487233 487231 487230 485228 484228 482229 482232 483234
      483235 484235 485235 486234 487233
 0.25 472203 473201 472198 471197 469196 467196 466195 464195
      463196 462196 460198 458200 460200 461201 463202 465203
      465204 466205 468206 469206 470205 471205 472203
 0.25 456204 456203 454202 453203 452203 452205 452206 454206
      456205 456204
 0.25 443208 443205 440203 439201 435200 432198 429198 425198
      428200 430202 432205 434207 436209 438209 441208 443208
 0.25 428700 427691 426684 423668 418657 415651 412648 408648
      405651 404659 401662 397666 395670 400679 407688 411699
      415704 418705 425704 428700
 0.25 383671 381669 377668 368669 359673 355679 351686 347694
      344702 342711 338727 342737 343739 347741 350743 355743
      361738 365730 369723 374707 379691 381681 383672 383671
 0.25 358194 359192 358191 356191 355191 355193 356194 357196
      358194
 0.25 370903 370896 369891 367887 364884 358882 353882 350884
      324899 309906 302909 297914 285923 276933 266945 263950
      259958 259967 261975 265981 271984 278987 283987 287985
      298979 319958 331948 341940 347934 352928 356922 360916
      366909 370903
 0.50 512268 513260 514253 514247 513241 505218 501212 494207
      490203 490198 492188 495176 494171 492166 486159 481156
      475155 470153 468151 466149 463150 459158 456161 453159
      440146 437144 433144 430147 428153 427161 426168 427172
      430179 435186 442192 449195 456191 465189 470190 475194
      477196 478201 476205 472208 469210 467209 459207 453213
      445214 437216 433215 428214 423220 420221 418218 417213
      414210 406208 398202 389197 373185 365182 357181 356186
      359189 364195 341202 359237 367251 373257 379261 388266
      397269 417268 424268 432266 444260 452256 459254 465255
      468259 477267 483271 492276 497282 500282 503280 508272
      512268
 0.50 488236 489234 489231 489229 489228 487226 486225 484223
      482223 481224 481225 480226 480228 480229 481231 481233
      482234 482236 484237 486237 487236 488236
 0.50 417669 417667 416665 416662 414660 413661 412662 410662
      410664 409666 409667 409669 410670 410671 412672 413673
      414673 416673 416672 417670 417669
 0.50 372683 370682 366682 361686 357693 354699 352706 350716
      352721 354723 360722 364715 367708 369701 371693 372684
      372683
 0.50 358901 356895 353893 349894 340900 327906 317910 304916
      295922 286930 279937 272950 269954 269962 270971 273976
      278979 283976 287974 296973 303966 321951 339935 347925
      353914 357907 358901
 1.00 508243 507232 504223 502217 499214 491210 487207 483206
      477210 473216 475219 478219 483220 488222 490227 493235
      496241 498243 503246 507245 508243
 1.00 502270 503265 502262 500256 496250 492244 489241 483239
      480234 478229 474225 470228 466229 466225 468222 470217
      466214 463212 460212 457214 454215 453218 453222 451223
      450220 447218 441219 427230 421229 417225 416218 414215
      411214 406211 402209 394202 388199 383196 373188 369186
      363186 363189 366191 369194 376203 381208 383209 382213
      379216 375218 369216 365215 362213 357210 355211 355213
      358218 364223 367233 374240 381249 389258 395261 402262
      411261 421260 427258 432256 440251 448249 458245 463243
      470244 479249 484251 488257 494270 496272 499273 502270
 1.00 484189 485184 485179 485174 485171 484166 483164 480165
      477167 476169 474171 473176 474180 476184 477186 478189
      480190 482191 484189
 1.00 469167 469165 469164 468162 466162 466164 466167 467169
      469168 469167
 1.00 463178 463175 461174 458175 455175 454173 453169 450163
      448160 442154 439150 436150 434155 434160 437170 439175
      442177 446179 449179 452178 454181 457184 460183 463178
 1.00 340923 340918 337915 332914 324915 319918 314922 308925
      297931 292935 289941 286947 285954 285956 288958 296959
      300959 303958 308954 317946 327939 335929 340923
 1.50 497265 498260 497257 497255 495252 493248 491246 490244
      486243 485244 484246 486248 488252 489255 491258 492260
      494263 496265 497265
 1.50 502236 502228 501222 500219 497216 494215 491213 488211
      486211 484214 485217 488220 491223 492228 493233 496237
      501238 502236
 1.50 481244 481242 480238 479234 478231 476229 475229 472231
      470235 470236 472240 473242 476244 480244 481244
 1.50 466237 465235 464235 463236 463237 465238 466237
 1.50 464221 464219 464218 463216 463215 461215 459216 458217
      457218 456219 456221 457222 458224 459225 460225 461225
      462225 464224 464223 464221
 1.50 449241 449238 448236 442234 434236 421231 417229 415224
      414218 409215 404212 400209 396206 391203 387204 386207
      390213 394217 397221 395224 386221 381222 378226 379233
      382238 387246 390250 395254 400256 405258 410258 415257
      424254 433250 441246 447243 449241
 1.50 384200 382197 381196 379195 378194 377194 376193 375193
      375196 377197 377198 378199 380201 382201 384201 384200
 1.50 334926 333921 328920 322921 319924 314930 311933 309934
      307933 301935 297938 297942 305941 304946 303949 305950
      312945 318941 325935 330930 334926
 2.00 494259 495257 495256 494254 494252 493251 492250 491250
      490250 491253 492254 492256 493257 494259 494259
 2.00 498234 499232 500230 500227 500224 499223 499222 498219
      497218 495219 493220 493222 493225 493227 493229 494230
      495232 496233 496234 498235 498234
 2.00 478240 479238 478236 478233 476231 474232 473234 472236
      473239 473240 475241 477241 478240
 2.00 462223 463221 463218 461219 460220 459222 460223 462224
      462223
 2.00 444240 442237 440238 440239 439241 440241 442241 444240
 2.00 432246 432242 429239 425234 416230 414224 413219 409218
      403216 399210 394206 392205 391208 393212 397217 401218
      403222 401225 399227 383227 384234 388240 392246 399250
      407254 413253 426250 431248 432246
 2.00 325928 325926 324926 323927 321928 323930 325929 325928
 2.00 322932 321931 319932 319935 320935 321933 322932
 3.00 426244 426240 425238 420235 414235 409235 403237 397234
      394236 394238 397244 400246 404245 406243 410241 415244
      421246 426244

24HR QP VT 20/12Z
 0.01 343274 352277 360278 372277 383276 395281 414291 427296
      442301 450304 457305 465307 471307 476307 481305 485303
      489300 498292 508293 512279 517265 520256 518245 516237
      513231 502209 494201 491196 490194 492192 506195 519200
      524204 528206 531209 533207 535202 536196 536191 535187
      532184 528179 524174 509157 494140 490135 487134 482132
      477133 473133 470135 472138 477142 479145 477147 472147
      468143 467139 468134 468124 469115 471108 472103 470101
      471093 467089 463084 459084 457086 453100 455104 454107
      450106 448103 437100 433097 429092 427094 430099 427104
      421105 419106 416105 413099 414089 412087 410085 411082
      412075 408070 400062 390056 388054 385053 377052 371052
      366052 359060 356062 353061 348059 345057 342056 339058
      338063 338071 335074 331075 313086 304093 301097 299102
      300107 299115 302127 304133 310139 314142 320145 324146
      330149 334152 336157 328156 322154 318154 313155 309158
      307164 309171 311176 319188 323193 327198 333206 334210
      332215 330220 323226 320229 319233 320240 330258 333262
      335266 342273
 0.01 496693 494674 492667 490659 488651 486643 484637 483631
      475633 471637 469638 466635 464632 459629 455633 448640
      444645 442650 441656 442664 439677 439686 438692 439698
      444698 449701 448707 446713 446717 445720 444726 446729
      452730 457729 459727 462726 468724 475722 478722 479719
      484717 486715 489714 492709 495704 496693
 0.01 483191 480189 477188 472186 467184 463185 456190 452193
      448195 443196 439195 436192 434193 432194 432198 440204
      452207 462207 467205 470203 477197 483191
 0.01 448094 449087 447082 444081 441079 438076 434073 429073
      428077 428084 431087 435088 438091 441093 447094 448094
 0.01 441760 441757 440755 439753 438750 436750 435751 434751
      433754 433756 433759 434761 436763 438763 439763 439762
      441760 441760
 0.01 447908 446894 443882 440874 437865 433857 430848 424834
      414816 409810 408807 405803 400797 395792 390788 383786
      373785 362787 355789 345791 335793 329795 322799 316804
      304816 294827 272846 264862 260868 258877 256885 256893
      258897 258901 255909 249917 246925 242931 237938 235946
      235951 236953 237958 239962 241968 246976 248980 251982
      257986 262987 265988 270988 272987 279985 290977 297970
      303964 315955 326947 332943 338939 351927 360925 368923
      371921 375920 379918 383918 387919 391921 396925 405931
      412935 424942 428942 430940 435935 439929 443921 447908
 0.01 408192 403186 399183 395182 388179 382176 377170 372170
      370172 368175 371178 376182 382187 387188 389191 391193
      395194 401192 406193 408192
 0.01 404098 403095 401096 400097 400099 401101 402100 402099
      404098
 0.25 514266 516259 516251 513243 506229 500217 496212 492210
      488210 479209 477212 476218 473219 469219 463215 458217
      454221 441223 433226 429225 427228 424230 420230 417227
      417223 417215 414210 412209 404206 399204 391199 384194
      372186 366183 361181 355184 353186 353188 356192 361194
      364196 367199 367202 364204 360203 357202 351197 349190
      347176 346171 343166 340164 335163 328161 322161 320163
      319166 321172 324178 329183 340195 343201 345209 350221
      351229 353236 358244 363250 367253 374258 382261 388264
      395267 403269 412269 420269 433270 446270 458269 473267
      479267 485270 496278 502279 506274 511271 514266
 0.25 507177 507176 505175 504174 504173 503173 502174 500173
      500175 500176 502177 503178 503179 505179 506179 507177
 0.25 417137 418131 418126 415120 410117 403115 398113 394113
      388114 382116 376112 375108 373106 369105 367107 365114
      362116 358115 353113 351111 348106 342096 337094 332094
      327096 322098 318103 316112 315116 315121 318126 324129
      329130 332132 335137 344144 347148 351150 354151 358149
      365149 372151 383159 393155 399152 404155 406157 410157
      413153 412141 417137
 0.25 423879 424873 423867 420860 414851 407843 401834 397828
      393823 384816 364810 350807 347807 344809 339812 329816
      320822 311831 302838 298841 294845 288854 282865 279871
      277877 276882 275889 272900 266913 264917 263925 263940
      262946 262954 265960 271964 277962 281959 290953 298947
      317934 326927 335922 356910 361907 367905 376901 389895
      393895 399896 409898 414898 418894 422886 423879
 0.25 393142 393138 392135 392133 393130 391128 387128 385129
      383131 382135 382140 384142 386144 389144 391144 393142
 0.50 513261 514255 512250 509244 506239 503233 499222 497219
      494218 492221 492227 493236 498242 499247 497245 493244
      489242 483245 480236 479232 475231 467237 462235 457234
      448237 435240 422236 416234 415228 414221 414217 412214
      390201 384198 379194 370188 362184 360186 362188 366192
      371196 376205 375211 369214 363216 361218 360222 366233
      372243 379250 386254 392258 398260 404261 427264 442264
      453263 457261 462257 465254 470252 482248 488259 491263
      496268 501271 503268 504262 504260 506261 509263 513261
 0.50 489218 488218 487217 486218 486220 488219 489218
 0.50 406871 403858 398848 393840 388833 379828 371826 356819
      348818 343821 336826 329831 321835 304846 300848 297851
      292858 282898 278910 275918 272929 271939 274945 279947
      288944 295940 303936 318924 332915 349905 365897 375891
      383887 392885 400881 404876 406871
 0.50 373138 373136 372134 373132 371131 369133 367135 365135
      363137 363139 364141 365141 366142 368142 370141 371140
      372140 373138
 0.50 355140 356135 355131 353128 349124 347118 344109 341104
      338101 328104 323105 322110 325115 329113 334115 338118
      341122 344127 346138 349142 353142 355140
 0.50 343184 344178 344173 341169 337167 332164 329163 325165
      324169 326172 329175 332178 335182 338185 342186 343184
 1.00 421252 422249 421246 418244 410242 406234 402231 399229
      391225 386224 382224 378227 378233 383240 389246 397251
      406253 417254 421252
 1.00 411226 411223 409222 409223 407224 406224 406227 407228
      408228 409227 410227 411226
 1.00 400213 399211 398210 397209 395208 393207 392209 393210
      394212 395212 396213 398214 400213 400213
 1.00 391865 390860 387856 385854 382855 375858 369854 363848
      357843 355841 352837 349836 345838 333848 318854 309856
      306856 303858 299865 297867 297872 297879 299883 301885
      302890 298895 293900 290904 288909 288914 288918 283924
      283931 285935 291936 298933 310924 333906 341900 346895
      357885 360882 361877 362873 364869 369864 373863 376864
      381868 386870 391867 391865
 1.50 400244 399241 398239 396236 395234 393232 390232 388232
      387235 389237 391239 393242 395243 398244 400244
 1.50 349873 348870 346870 344870 344871 343873 343874 343875
      345877 347876 348875 348874 349873
 1.50 342886 341877 336878 330883 325885 318888 313892 302898
      293906 291909 292912 295918 292926 297926 308920 319912
      324908 327902 331898 336893 340890 342886
 2.00 332891 329891 327891 324893 321894 318895 316896 314898
      312901 315902 319902 322900 324898 326896 327894 329892
      332891

$$





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