Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 280853
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
452 AM EDT SUN AUG 28 2016


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID AUG 28/1200 UTC THRU AUG 31/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1...

SOUTHWEST INTO THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN PLAINS
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
A SHORTWAVE SHOULD TRACK SLOWLY EASTWARD TOWARD THE AZ/NM BORDER
REGION THIS EVENING WITH MODELS IN GOOD AGREEMENT TIMING-WISE.
BROADER DIURNAL THUNDERSTORM COVERAGE IS EXPECTED ACROSS THE
SOUTHERN ROCKIES AND FROM WESTERN TX INTO SOUTHWEST KS WHERE THERE
MESOSCALE GUIDANCE AGREEMENT FOR LOCAL AMOUNTS IN THE 3-6" RANGE.
A CONSERVATIVE APPROACH WAS FOLLOWED FOR THE QPF, USING 00Z WPC
QPF CONTINUITY AND THE MOST RECENT GUIDANCE AS A GUIDE.


MINNESOTA/WISCONSIN
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
A WARM FRONT ADVANCES INTO CENTRAL MN AHEAD OF A SHORTWAVE MOVING
NEAR THE CENTRAL US/CANADIAN BORDER.  PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES
RISE ABOVE 1.5" AS LOW-LEVEL INFLOW BECOMES INCREASINGLY CYCLONIC
AFTER 12Z, WITH WINDS EVENTUALLY RISING TO 40+ KTS AT 850 HPA.  A
CAP APPEARS TO BE BUILDING, USING THE 9C ISOTHERM AT 700 HPA AS A
GUIDE.  THE INGREDIENTS APPEAR TO EXIST FOR AN ORGANIZED
CONVECTIVE COMPLEX, PERHAPS ONE OF THE QUASI-LINEAR VARIETY WITH
AN ASSOCIATED COLD POOL FORMING DURING THE AFTERNOON AND EVENING
HOURS ACROSS WEST-CENTRAL MN.  BUT WHERE DOES IT GO FROM THERE?
INTERESTING TRENDS ARE SEEN, WITH SOME OF THE MESOSCALE GUIDANCE
TRENDING NORTHWARD WHILE THE GFS/NAM/ECMWF GUIDANCE TREND SOUTH.
WHILE NORMALLY A COMBINATION OF FORWARD PROPAGATING CONVECTIVE
VECTORS (WHICH POINT EASTWARD) AND 1000-500 HPA THICKNESS PATTERN
(WHICH POINT SOUTH TO SOUTH-SOUTHEAST) WOULD BE USED FOR FORWARD
PROPAGATION, THE DEGREE/BREADTH OF INSTABILITY PRESENT INDICATES
THAT MERELY FOLLOWING THE FORWARD PROPAGATING VECTORS SHOULD
SUFFICE.  THIS IDEA CAN BE REVISITED IN LATER FORECASTS.  WPC
MOVES THE COMPLEX EASTWARD WITH TIME ACROSS MN, WHICH THE
KNOWLEDGE THAT IT COULD TRACK MORE SOUTHEASTWARD.  THE SOLUTION
CHOSEN RESEMBLES A SLIGHTLY SOUTHWARD ADJUSTED COMPROMISE OF THE
00Z GFS/00Z NAM/00Z ECMWF OR A COMPROMISE OF THE 12Z/00Z WRF NSSL
RUNS.  THE 00Z CANADIAN REGIONAL APPEARS TO BE LOWER PROBABILITY
ALTERNATIVE SCENARIOS FOR THIS COMPLEX`S EVOLUTION.  COORDINATION
WITH THE MPX/CHANHASSEN MN OFFICE NUDGED THE QPF SOLUTION
NORTHWARD FROM WHAT WAS ORIGINALLY PROPOSED PRIOR TO THE ISSUANCE
OF THE 06Z CYCLE, WHICH WAS MAINTAINED FOR THE 12Z PACKAGE.  THE
SHIFT MADE FROM THE 00Z WPC QPF WAS SOUTHWARD IN THIS AREA.


LOWER MS VALLEY & WESTERN GULF COAST
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
A SURFACE TROUGH/850 HPA CIRCULATION INTERACT WITH PRECIPITABLE
WATER VALUES OF 2-2.25" TO LEAD TO HEAVY RAINS ACROSS PORTIONS OF
LA AND THE LOWER TO MIDDLE TX COAST.  THE MAIN CHALLENGE HERE
CONTINUES TO BE WITH HOW FAR NORTH THE HEAVIER CONVECTIVE BANDS
WILL DEVELOP, WHICH MOVED FAIRLY FAR INLAND ACROSS LA ON SATURDAY.
DIFFERENTIAL HEATING ALONG THE SYSTEM`S NORTHERN FRINGE WILL
LIKELY SUPPORT SOME HEAVIER RAIN BANDS INLAND ACRS PARTS OF THE TX
COAST INTO LA DURING DAYTIME HEATING (ROUGHLY 15Z-03Z).  CLOSER TO
THE LOW-LEVEL CIRCULATION, ONSHORE FLOW SHOULD FOCUS HEAVY RAIN
NEAR THE COAST, PARTICULARLY IN THE 06Z-15Z TIME FRAME.  FOR THE
MOST PART..BLENDED 00Z WPC CONTINUITY WITH IDEAS GATHERED FROM THE
SATURDAY CONVECTIVE PATTERN ACROSS LA.  HOURLY RAIN RATES COULD
REACH 3" WHERE CELLS MERGE OR WITHIN SHORT TRAINING BANDS.  THE
MESOSCALE GUIDANCE SHOWS POCKETS OF 3-6" OF RAIN NEAR THE LA AND
UPPER TX COAST.


FLORIDA
~~~~~~~
AN AXIS OF ABOVE NORMAL MOISTURE NEAR THE SOUTHERN PERIPHERY OF
SUBTROPICAL RIDGE IN THE VICINITY OF AN OCCASIONALLY CONVECTIVE
LOW PRESSURE AREA MOVING THROUGH THE FL STRAITS WILL TO LEAD TO
THUNDERSTORMS ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE SOUTHERN PENINSULA.  THE
DEGREE OF HEAVY RAINFALL IN SOUTHERN FL AND THE KEYS DEPENDS ON IF
THE SURFACE LOW GETS BETTER ORGANIZED UNDER A REGIME OF WEAKENING
VERTICAL WIND SHEAR AS AN UPPER LOW TO ITS NORTH BEGINS TO
RECURVE...SEE TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOKS FROM THE NHC ON ITS
POTENTIAL FOR TROPICAL CYCLONE DEVELOPMENT.  SOME LIGHT NORTH TO
NORTHEAST VERTICAL WIND SHEAR IS EXPECTED THUS THE RAIN PATTERN
OVER FL (OUTSIDE THE KEYS) SHOULD CONTINUE TO BE DOMINATED BY
ENHANCED EASTERLY FLOW WITHIN A VERY MOIST AIRMASS -- CLOSER TO
THE COAST IN THE 06Z-15Z PERIOD AND DUE TO SEA BREEZE CIRCULATIONS
BETWEEN 15Z-03Z.  SLIGHTLY INCREASED AMOUNTS ACROSS SOUTHERN FL
AND THE KEYS FROM 00Z WPC CONTINUITY BASED ON THE MOST RECENT
GUIDANCE.


CAROLINAS
~~~~~~~~~
AN AXIS OF HIGH MOISTURE AROUND SOUTH SIDE OF A WARM CORE RIDGE
WILL PROVIDE HEALTHY ENVIRONMENT FOR SEA BREEZE ACTIVITY TO
DEVELOP OVER PORTIONS OF THE EASTERN CAROLINAS DURING THE
AFTERNOON AND EVENING HOURS.  MODELS SHOWED DECENT AGREEMENT HERE
SO DID NOT VARY TOO MUCH FROM CONSENSUS OR FROM THE 00Z WPC QPF
CONTINUITY.


EASTERN TN AND EASTERN KY
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
PULSE THUNDERSTORMS ARE EXPECTED WITHIN A LIGHT BUT MOIST FLOW
REGIME, WITH OUTFLOW BOUNDARIES POTENTIALLY DOMINATING CELL
MOVEMENT.  USED A COMPROMISE OF THE 12Z ECMWF AND 00Z GFS FOR THE
PRECIPITATION PATTERN IN THIS AREA, WHICH ENDED UP A BIT WETTER
THAN THE 00Z WPC QPF CONTINUITY.


NORTHEAST
~~~~~~~~~
A WEAKENING SHORTWAVE AND ASSOCIATED FRONTAL ZONE ARE EXPECTED TO
BE ACCOMPANIED BY A BAND OF SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS ACROSS THE
NORTHEAST DURING DAYTIME HEATING ON SUNDAY.  PRECIPITABLE WATER
VALUES OF 1.5-2" ARE EXPECTED NEAR THIS BOUNDARY/FRONT ALOFT.
WHILE AREAL AVERAGE AMOUNTS SHOULD BE GENERALLY LIGHT TO MODERATE,
POCKETS OF HEAVY RAINFALL SHOULD BE POSSIBLE NEAR AND WITHIN THE
CONVERGENT CYCLONIC FLOW NEAR THE SURFACE FEATURE.  LOCAL AMOUNTS
IN THE 2-4" RANGE SHOULD BE POSSIBLE, GIVEN ENOUGH INSTABILITY
BUILDS ACROSS THE PERIOD, WHICH IS A BIGGER QUESTION MARK THE
FARTHER EAST YOU GO IN NEW ENGLAND.


DAYS 2 AND 3...


FLORIDA
~~~~~~~
A WEAK AND DISORGANIZED AREA OF LOW PRESSURE LOCATED SOUTH OF
FLORIDA IS FORECAST TO TRACK SLOWLY WEST/NORTHWESTWARD OVER THE
NEXT FEW DAYS. HEAVY CONVECTIVE RAINFALL IS EXPECTED ACROSS THE
SOUTHERN HALF OF FLORIDA AND THE KEYS MONDAY AND TUESDAY INTO
EARLY WEDNESDAY.  EVEN THOUGH THE SYSTEM SHOULD BE WELL WEST OF
FLORIDA LATER IN THE FORECAST...MOIST TROPICAL FLOW WITH HIGH
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES FORECAST TO BE 2.5 TO 3 TIMES THE NORMAL
VALUES ARE FORECAST FOR THE REGION.

THE NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER (WWW.NHC.NOAA.GOV) HAS BEEN
MONITORING THIS SYSTEM FOR DAYS AND PRESENTLY EXPECTS A MEDIUM
CHANCE OF INTENSIFICATION AS IT DRIFTS OVER THE EASTERN GULF OF
MEXICO.  A BLEND OF THE LATEST RUNS OF THE GFS/NAM AND ECMWF WHICH
RESULTS IN WPC AREAL AVERAGED TWO DAY QPF AMOUNTS OF 2 TO 3+
INCHES ALONG THE SOUTHERN TIP OF FLORIDA AND THE KEYS...WITH
LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS EXPECTED. MADE A FEW CHANGES FROM
CONTINUITY TO THE EXCESSIVE RAINFALL AREAS BY INCLUDING THE
WESTERN/SW COAST IN THE SLIGHT RISK AREA ON DAY 3...MAINTAINING A
MARGINAL RISK ACROSS FAR SOUTH FLORIDA ON DAY 2.


WESTERN GULF COAST
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
A SLOW MOVING WEAK UPPER DISTURBANCE ACROSS SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS
WILL HELP GENERATE SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS ALONG PORTIONS OF THE
WESTERN AND CENTRAL GULF COAST...ESPECIALLY ON DAY 2. MOISTURE
ANOMALIES ARE NOT AS HIGH AS OVER SOUTHERN FLORIDA BUT ARE STILL
CLOSE TO 2 STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL WITH HEAVIEST QPF
EXPECTED ALONG THE COAST OF TEXAS AND SOUTHWESTERN LOUISIANA.  A
MARGINAL RISK FOR EXCESSIVE RAINFALL WAS MAINTAINED ACROSS FAR
SOUTHERN LOUISIANA AND SOUTHEAST TEXAS ON DAY 2.


NEW MEXICO/SOUTHERN ROCKIES TO CENTRAL PLAINS TO THE
MIDDLE/UPPER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY
AND GREAT LAKES/OHIO VALLEY/NORTHEAST
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
A NEARLY STATIONARY AND WEAK POSITIVELY TILTED UPPER TROUGH
EXTENDING FROM THE SOUTHWEST TO THE CENTRAL PLAINS WILL MAINTAIN A
FEED OF MOISTURE TO THE NORTH AND EAST FROM NEW MEXICO EAST AND
NORTHWARD ACROSS THE PLAINS STATES WITH SCATTERED SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSHOWERS OCCURRING ON BOTH DAYS ACROSS THE SOUTHWEST INTO
THE PLAINS AND MIDDLE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY.

A COLD FRONT ASSOCIATED WITH AN AMPLIFYING UPPER TROUGH AS THE
WESTERN RIDGE BUILDS NORTHWARD WILL ALSO BE ASSOCIATED WITH
SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS AND WILL PROVIDE THE NORTHERN EXTENSION
OF MOISTURE STREAMING IN FROM THE SOUTH AND WEST. SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS WILL EXPAND IN COVERAGE DIURNALLY BUT QPF TOTALS ARE
EXPECTED TO BE MODERATE WITH A NARROW BAND OF TOTALS EXCEEDING .25
INCH FROM EASTERN NEW MEXICO NORTH NORTHEASTWARD INTO THE CENTRAL
PLAINS WITH MAXIMA OF .5 TO 1 INCH EMBEDDED WITHIN THIS AREA AND A
MAXIMUM OF GREATER THAN 1 INCH ACROSS EASTERN NEW MEXICO. WITH
RELATIVELY MODEST FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES OF 1.5 TO 2.5
INCHES...MAINTAINED A MARGINAL RISK OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
THROUGHOUT THIS REGION ON DAYS 2 AND 3 WITH SOME LOCALLY HEAVY
RAINFALL POSSIBLE.

ALSO INCLUDED ANOTHER AREA OF MARGINAL RISK ACROSS NORTHERN
MINNESOTA/NORTHERN MICHIGAN AND UPPER MICHIGAN ASSOCIATED WITH THE
COLD FRONT MOVING SLOWLY ACROSS THE REGION ON MONDAY NIGHT INTO
TUESDAY.  AREAL AVERAGED QPF AMOUNTS OF .5 TO 1 INCHES ARE
FORECAST WHILE FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES REMAIN BETWEEN 1.5 AND
3 INCHES.


COASTAL NORTH CAROLINA
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS WILL BE ON THE INCREASE ACROSS COASTAL
NORTH CAROLINA THE DAY 2/3 PERIOD ASSOCIATED WITH A WEAK TROPICAL
LOW APPROACHING THE COAST ON DAY 2...AND FORECAST TO MAKE A SHARP
TURN TOWARDS THE NORTH/NORTHEAST ON DAY 3. WHILE THE HIGHEST
TOTALS SHOULD STAY OFFSHORE...SOME HEAVIER RAINS MAY CLIP THE
OUTER BANKS/ FAR EASTERN NORTH CAROLINA.


PACIFIC NW
~~~~~~~~~~
AN AMPLIFYING UPPER TROUGH OVER THE EASTERN PACIFIC WILL APPROACH
THE COASTS OF WESTERN OREGON AND WASHINGTON ON LATE TUESDAY INTO
WEDNESDAY/DAY 3. RAIN WILL DEVELOP FROM THE COAST OF NORTHWESTERN
OREGON ACROSS EXTREME WESTERN WASHINGTON WITH QPF AMOUNTS INCREASE
FROM .25 TO .5 INCH AND HIGHER FROM SOUTH TO NORTH ALONG THE
COASTLINE OF WESTERN WASHINGTON.


ROTH/KOCIN

24HR QP VT 29/12Z
 0.01 555031 554021 552015 550006 545001 540997 534997 523001
      513009 508013 508019 509022 513023 517022 519021 530017
      536021 540025 545029 549033 554037 555031
 0.01 538205 539196 539191 534178 529168 525160 518153 508147
      506146 501147 499152 500157 502161 502165 501167 497172
      496179 498182 501186 506189 509193 511205 511210 509214
      506217 498210 493209 489210 484209 481211 479213 480217
      483222 487224 490226 490229 489233 487234 483230 480227
      476228 472231 470233 470237 470243 470248 470264 469271
      467276 462288 459295 459299 465307 467317 469321 472321
      475318 480316 483313 491310 497307 505300 509297 512292
      516283 518276 520271 522262 522257 523248 524243 525241
      528234 529229 532223 534215 538205
 0.01 535971 535957 535949 533944 531941 531936 535928 534917
      529910 519910 516908 513908 509908 505906 499901 494894
      488889 479877 467868 460866 457864 451864 448865 445868
      440875 435893 435899 434904 434914 438938 438945 439949
      440954 441959 445966 450974 455981 460986 463987 467986
      469984 474983 482985 489988 495991 505992 514990 520987
      525985 529980 535971
 0.01 523757 522742 521726 519711 515703 503689 498677 491666
      489660 488652 483641 480637 476633 470629 463627 459628
      455630 448636 442642 437651 434659 430668 428676 425686
      423699 423707 423713 424718 422724 418733 415743 411759
      407770 404780 403786 399790 395793 391794 387794 384796
      379798 376800 362809 347822 341831 339836 339839 337846
      340853 345862 352867 359868 365873 372881 378889 379896
      378902 378913 374922 370929 364936 359940 355941 344939
      335935 326919 318906 312886 305863 303851 302847 302840
      300836 299830 298826 298824 300824 309827 314829 316827
      321817 325815 329816 334818 339815 344808 354795 358786
      359779 361776 364769 363756 359748 360743 359741 353737
      346733 340734 336734 330733 326731 323733 320737 318743
      321747 323759 326768 326778 324782 320782 310779 304778
      300779 292775 285768 279763 273760 265757 262755 257756
      251756 247755 242752 237751 227751 220752 220757 219765
      219775 218781 217786 215793 218820 222829 226839 237850
      241858 244865 255883 261904 263913 264919 263925 260933
      257941 257947 255952 255964 259972 266980 268979 273980
      282982 290986 296983 314973 322968 327966 330969 335973
      340979 344982 346985 346989 342993 339997 335999 326003
      320005 314004 311005 307009 294018 290025 284030 279031
      271031 266030 259031 250034 244034 240036 235042 234046
      235051 240066 248072 255077 269087 273090 278091 284092
      287093
 0.01 287093 298095 306098 318101 322101 325098 330097 334099
      341105 350123 354120 350113 346104 344097 344094 346090
      348087 351090 355097 365112 369113 368108 366104 363101
      360098 358095 361083 360078 359076 361074 366074 368077
      371079 373083 376094 378097 380094 380087 383087 385088
      389089 390087 386083 384079 387078 390080 392081 396079
      400077 402072 405066 406061 404038 400026 400022 401018
      406015 411010 416001 417993 419989 423980 423968 419965
      414966 400979 394985 385989 381991 377990 382981 391966
      396958 409957 414949 418940 419929 421924 421917 420912
      420907 420902 419896 418891 418885 421872 442839 458833
      465832 469834 473838 476840 488851 492856 494860 499868
      504867 509869 510867 510862 513850 516835 516826 516821
      516807 517802 516793 516784 518777 523757
 0.01 480100 481090 478081 476078 473078 471082 471088 470094
      468100 465104 462114 463118 465120 469120 472118 476112
      479104 480100
 0.01 455115 456106 457096 455090 454088 452090 449089 447091
      441093 438093 438095 439100 443101 446104 449107 452114
      452117 454117 455115
 0.01 408117 409101 408096 405092 403093 401096 399101 396104
      391107 382109 377110 374114 375120 375127 373132 376130
      382124 393122 399122 404121 408117
 0.01 374191 375189 375186 373184 372183 370183 368182 366182
      365182 363183 362184 364186 366187 367187 369188 371188
      372190 372191 374191 374191
 0.25 518268 519262 519257 516249 509235 504228 501226 498227
      496234 498245 496247 493244 488241 481259 477269 476278
      475283 477287 481288 496292 503291 507287 512281 516275
      518268
 0.25 528191 527188 527186 526185 526184 524182 524181 523180
      521179 520178 518178 517180 517182 517185 518188 519188
      520190 521191 521192 523194 524195 526195 527193 528191
      528191
 0.25 511744 510737 509733 505725 503722 500721 496722 487721
      483723 480727 477729 475727 476723 478720 480716 481711
      484701 485692 485685 485678 483673 480667 475660 469657
      465655 463652 463646 460643 455644 453647 448654 444664
      442669 442675 445678 449678 452681 451686 443706 438722
      434732 433737 430742 426750 422760 419768 415776 404816
      402826 398836 392852 390862 390868 387870 386872 385876
      387881 394887 397929 400928 402925 406917 407911 408903
      405891 399872 398869 399865 400859 401854 403850 408843
      410833 412823 415810 417801 422792 430776 438762 442757
      445755 449752 451747 456742 464740 469741 472745 476752
      486768 489782 493792 496794 499793 502789 504785 506773
      507763 510753 511744
 0.25 508973 508968 507965 504962 500957 497954 493942 486934
      472921 458907 455904 449903 446906 445911 443917 443926
      443935 444940 448952 452962 459969 463972 469973 479970
      486962 489960 493960 495962 493972 495977 501980 505977
      508973
 0.25 406998 401996 396998 392999 389000 385002 381005 379008
      381012 386011 390009 394007 397005 401002 404000 406998
 0.25 396066 397064 397062 397060 397059 395058 393057 391058
      390059 389060 389061 389063 389064 389066 391067 392068
      394068 396067 396066 382117 381116 380117 381119 382117
 0.25 379843 379835 377830 374826 372819 370814 367814 364816
      357821 350829 347832 344836 344844 347849 353856 362859
      368860 373857 378848 379843
 0.25 371052 368050 364050 352051 349048 350043 353031 357021
      364014 368010 369008 368006 367003 364003 362003 343011
      327022 319026 309030 303031 299033 298040 299044 302048
      305051 308055 312059 317062 318063 319066 315068 311066
      303061 299057 296053 289046 280042 268040 261039 255041
      252044 251051 254061 261067 266070 271072 283074 289076
      294077 304079 310081 314081 318078 321077 324078 330084
      336084 337079 339073 342072 343069 347066 351064 354060
      359059 366056 370054 371052
 0.25 356770 356766 354761 351756 343748 335742 330739 325740
      329755 330763 333767 337771 336778 335785 334791 339794
      344791 348787 350781 356770
 0.25 318941 319937 317932 315928 310914 305882 303874 300869
      297863 292858 287854 282851 272847 268843 264837 265832
      267829 270828 278827 279823 272812 271808 274806 282805
      289806 293805 295803 291791 287783 284779 274774 261769
      254769 248766 241765 235767 227773 224779 221787 221795
      222803 224817 229829 231836 236842 241846 246849 254854
      258859 261864 263871 265880 270894 273908 275923 275939
      274946 271954 268966 270972 274975 281974 289972 296971
      301968 309960 314950 318941
 0.50 334080 334077 332077 334079 334080 334080
      357014 356012 354013 356014 357014 359011 358011 357011
358012 359011
 0.50 517267 516259 514253 507244 504242 504249 503255 498255
      493253 490252 488254 486260 483268 481275 481280 482282
      492284 498288 503286 510276 517267
 0.50 501747 501744 501742 500739 498738 497738 495740 494743
      494746 494747 495748 496749 498750 499752 498754 497755
      498756 500756 500755 500752 500749 501748 501747
 0.50 475692 474687 473682 473679 470676 469675 467674 465675
      466678 467682 469684 470686 471691 473695 475692
 0.50 471706 471698 467699 461706 456712 453715 453711 452708
      449709 446713 444718 442722 441728 444732 448731 455730
      458729 462725 466717 470708 471706
 0.50 476952 477943 474937 469928 462921 455915 452914 450915
      447920 446927 447934 450947 454957 457962 460965 465967
      470967 473963 475957 476952
 0.50 433756 434754 433753 431754 430755 428757 427760 425763
      425765 425767 426769 428767 429766 431764 432761 433759
      433756 433756
 0.50 370846 371844 371842 371840 370839 368840 366839 365838
      364838 362838 361841 361843 362845 363846 364847 365848
      367849 368848 370847 370846
 0.50 350773 349771 348772 346775 345778 344781 343783 342786
      342789 344787 345785 347782 348779 349776 350773
 0.50 344041 346037 346032 344026 345021 343019 340019 332025
      323032 318035 311036 306036 302038 304042 307046 313048
      318050 322054 326059 328060 331060 336056 338049 344041
 0.50 310941 310934 308928 305918 304913 303905 302891 302884
      300878 294871 291868 286865 279865 275867 272872 272877
      274890 280912 281925 282932 282939 281945 279952 276962
      276968 278971 281970 290967 294966 299962 304954 308946
      310941
 0.50 292067 292062 290060 285053 280049 273047 263046 259046
      257049 257054 259057 262062 269066 277067 285068 292067
 0.50 281790 281784 278778 271778 267776 263776 253775 242773
      233778 228784 225793 224799 225806 227819 230828 235836
      239839 243840 250839 252836 255832 256827 260824 265823
      270823 274821 266817 263815 262809 263806 267804 275798
      280791 281790
 1.00 503273 503270 502267 499263 497261 494260 492261 491266
      490270 490274 493277 497276 498276 501275 503273
 1.00 468954 468944 467935 464930 460926 455925 453925 452929
      452937 454945 456949 460954 465957 468954
 1.00 301937 301932 299927 299918 297908 296897 296892 295885
      291879 286873 281876 280885 280894 282903 285912 288922
      290929 291934 290938 287947 283955 282959 283962 290959
      294954 297945 301938 301937
 1.00 262799 260793 256790 248786 242785 236787 232790 229794
      228800 228805 230816 234828 237831 242833 247830 248825
      252816 256806 262799
 1.50 290893 290891 290889 289888 288887 287886 285887 285889
      285890 286891 287893 287894 289894 290893 292945 292944
      292945 292946 292945 291947 290947 290948 291947
 1.50 463942 463940 463937 462936 461935 460933 459933 458935
      458937 459940 459942 459943 460943 462944 463942
 1.50 255799 251793 245790 240789 236790 233793 231796 231804
      231814 234822 238828 242828 244825 246819 249812 252804
      255799
 2.00 251800 249796 247794 244793 240792 236793 233797 232804
      232810 233816 236822 237825 241824 243819 246813 247808
      249802 251800
 3.00 245801 244799 242797 238797 237798 236802 236805 235808
      235812 237815 238816 240815 241811 242809 243806 244803
      245801

24HR QP VT 30/12Z
 0.01 526255 530242 533228 538202 536190 532180 527173 523169
      519167 514166 511167 509171 510178 516198 520208 521215
      521221 521226 520230 518233 513233 510230 505221 502217
      497215 493217 491221 493233 494236 491237 481234 477232
      474234 472239 471243 446270 444280 449291 446295 445302
      447308 451311 455311 459309 466304 480295 488292 492291
      497293 503295 507294 512287 517277 522266
 0.01 513121 514108 513102 510100 503101 495104 490103 487100
      485101 488106 492114 493127 499131 509134 511131 512123
      513121
 0.01 515858 514843 512832 508822 506817 503813 500809 497804
      495799 492796 485791 479795 466807 458827 451844 445855
      440863 430878 425885 420892 416889 413883 411877 410872
      409866 408859 407844 407838 408831 408827 409822 411807
      413796 415783 418771 419766 419761 419756 419750 420745
      419737 420732 420725 416722 418711 420698 418694 413693
      410697 409702 407712 402732 400734 399732 398735 397744
      395756 392769 389778 382786 378794 377801 376804 374803
      371804 367806 365809 361816 356826 355830 353832 351831
      352826 353821 353814 354802 354797 356793 364774 370757
      372745 373733 374731 371727 366719 361719 356719 348721
      341729 334736 331739 330744 327753 324760 321765 318768
      315771 312774 307775 303772 296768 288764 278762 268761
      264761 258761 247763 236765 230770 225779 222788 224808
      225813 227817 231825 234833 238840 242850 245861 253881
      254893 254905 257926 260939 257948 253957 252964 252972
      254976 257981 262988 267999 264008 263011 266013 281023
      285025 286031 279036 270038 262035 250035 246035 245037
      242041 238051 237054 238058 240068 246073 252077 255079
      259080 265082 270084 280090 300091 309092 316096 320099
      323102 329105 334104 336100 340100 343098 342093 344086
      352085 356083 359079 368079 376091 376100 377101 380096
      384094 386089 388083 395088 397085 397082 399079 405073
      407070 411069 415066 416061 416057 418055 417052 413054
      405053 402052 401050 403044 404039 406034 425003 431997
      436990 440991 443991 445989 452983 458976 463969
 0.01 463969 465962 468957 476948 482938 491929 492927 494929
      497937 500942 504945 505947 507945 510945 512942 514926
      514916 515908 515887 514866 515858
 0.01 487671 484664 482659 474652 463650 456652 453653 452656
      447658 443664 440669 439675 444686 446690 447695 445703
      443708 441714 433724 430728 427731 427734 428736 431736
      433737 436736 442735 446732 449729 452728 460726 476740
      480744 484745 486730 487714 486704 487701 487696 487671
 0.01 459108 460104 458101 455098 450095 445091 442091 440088
      437088 436090 438095 441103 444106 451108 455113 458111
      459108
 0.01 454081 455078 453076 451073 448070 447070 443070 440069
      438071 434071 434073 436074 439076 441077 444077 446080
      449080 453081 454081
 0.01 394911 393900 390895 386890 379891 372894 368895 365898
      358907 353912 350917 344921 343923 341921 339919 331910
      329907 330903 333895 335890 340886 345882 349876 357865
      361860 363854 367848 370841 371834 372824 373815 374811
      373808 371810 365820 361826 358832 355838 350831 341841
      336845 333852 329857 328859 324859 320860 318856 320850
      323844 325839 324832 322829 320830 317832 305838 300844
      300854 301859 302864 305871 309884 310893 311899 310908
      310918 309921 310924 314932 318945 323958 325966 329972
      335977 337979 341979 348978 353975 364967 369964 373958
      379954 382949 384946 385942 384934 384926 388921 391916
      394911
 0.25 521264 522256 521249 519246 514242 507235 503233 500235
      499239 499246 498248 495247 491244 487242 486248 485254
      482260 470273 464280 459288 457294 457297 459298 466295
      481287 489284 498284 502284 507283 513278 518271 521264
 0.25 500886 499877 494871 492865 490861 489856 488848 486843
      484840 483837 480837 474840 471844 468851 468861 466871
      461883 458890 456898 446928 446933 447936 450937 451942
      449950 445949 443969 445974 450970 459961 467949 474939
      477931 479924 480914 481904 484899 488893 495887 498887
      500886
 0.25 426961 425954 423952 422948 421936 419930 415925 410927
      405932 402938 396951 393959 389965 384978 376988 367996
      362001 359002 355002 347001 340004 331012 323022 320027
      318029 314029 308032 307036 307041 302045 295044 279043
      270042 262043 254044 249046 245051 246056 249061 252065
      263074 274080 281083 288083 300082 307081 313077 319073
      322073 326073 330074 333073 335071 335067 335064 338064
      344063 361063 365060 367057 370055 375052 380056 385055
      387053 387049 380046 375042 374039 374034 375030 378029
      382030 384031 388033 391031 400022 409014 413010 416002
      419995 422987 425974 426961
 0.25 397793 396791 394789 393789 391789 390792 389794 388799
      387801 385804 384806 385810 388808 389806 390803 392801
      393798 395795 397793
 0.25 363744 361741 358739 354740 350742 345748 341753 336767
      333774 329781 326787 323795 322802 322807 323810 326810
      328807 332800 338788 342781 346775 356765 360758 362751
      363744
 0.25 313805 311799 308794 302785 294779 284775 279774 274774
      262777 256778 249779 241785 234794 233799 233806 234813
      235821 239832 244841 252848 262851 268851 274851 278849
      281843 281838 284833 287828 289822 290816 292816 305813
      310810 313805 313805
 0.25 307964 308958 307951 305939 303928 300918 298906 295896
      290888 287885 285884 282885 279884 276885 273889 273902
      272914 272927 272940 272946 270952 266959 263963 262968
      262974 265977 269979 275980 281980 286978 294974 297971
      302969 306967 307964
 0.50 519265 520261 520255 517250 513247 509242 504241 501251
      499252 496251 493249 490250 484263 481269 477274 474278
      472282 473285 478285 483283 493281 498281 503281 512275
      516272 519265
 0.50 487881 487874 486866 484864 481859 479857 477860 476867
      475872 474877 475884 476889 480890 483889 486884 487881
 0.50 476917 476908 476900 475891 471888 467887 463889 460894
      458901 458907 458913 466920 465927 463932 459945 458951
      461952 467942 471932 475920 476917
 0.50 415994 416986 415979 414972 410973 406976 403980 396987
      389995 385004 383010 384015 387019 391022 396019 399016
      402012 406010 410006 412001 415994
 0.50 359754 358749 354748 351750 347753 344756 342759 341764
      340768 342770 345769 350767 353764 356761 358756 359754
 0.50 363050 363049 363047 362046 360046 359047 359049 360051
      358053 357053 356054 354055 356056 357056 359056 360056
      361055 362054 363052 363050 363050
 0.50 355036 355030 354023 352018 348015 344015 338017 332023
      326031 322034 317035 315036 314040 315047 319050 323051
      328053 334054 342050 350044 355036
 0.50 306066 307062 307057 303055 298051 293049 285048 278048
      265048 259049 254052 253054 253059 255063 259067 263071
      274076 285081 296077 300075 304070 306066
 0.50 302804 301799 299794 293788 284785 278784 272786 267787
      262786 252784 246786 243788 237796 236800 236807 237813
      238820 242828 247835 256839 264842 267839 269835 272824
      274821 275815 272810 267809 266808 272806 282808 292809
      298808 302805 302804
 0.50 302949 301939 300931 299922 297914 294906 289900 287899
      283900 282906 283911 283916 281924 280933 278941 276949
      274958 271964 270967 269972 271974 275976 282972 293964
      296958 299956 301952 302949
 1.00 517265 518260 515254 509247 506247 504255 501257 497255
      492256 490260 486269 484273 483276 485277 493278 501277
      508272 515270 517265
 1.00 342037 343032 341030 339029 335029 334032 332034 330036
      329038 329042 331044 335044 337043 340041 342039 342037
 1.00 292069 293060 288056 283055 277055 272057 265057 262058
      262062 266066 271068 274071 280074 286074 291071 292069
 1.00 296945 296938 296931 295925 295918 290908 288906 288909
      289914 289921 288927 287934 285939 283943 281949 279962
      280965 282967 285963 290955 296946 296945
 1.00 279970 280968 279967 278968 277968 276970 276972 277972
      278972 279971 279970
 1.00 265798 264794 260791 258789 252788 245793 241801 243813
      244817 246821 254825 261828 262823 261817 255814 253808
      256803 263799 265798
 1.50 516264 515260 513256 509250 507252 507256 506261 502261
      495258 492260 490265 489273 495275 502274 506266 507264
      509265 513266 516264
 1.50 256799 257797 256795 255795 253794 251795 249795 248796
      247796 246798 246800 248802 248803 250804 252802 254801
      255800 256799
 2.00 513261 513260 511260 512262 513261
 2.00 501272 502270 502267 502265 502264 500263 499262 497261
      496260 494261 493264 492266 493269 494271 496272 497273
      499272 501272 501272

24HR QP VT 31/12Z
 0.01 535201 537197 536192 537185 536182 535175 532168 525158
      517151 505147 500148 497156 497161 499170 506177 514187
      523195 530205 533204 535201
 0.01 529240 530230 529223 527219 523219 518222 514224 511224
      507223 502218 500216 495214 492214 491216 490221 487222
      474223 463225 460226 456226 449226 446226 444227 441232
      439235 439238 435245 436252 434255 433259 433262 436266
      437267 441266 444272 450274 464275 471277 476281 488290
      492292 499293 502293 505290 510286 517277 521268 523259
      526247 529240
 0.01 524055 525045 526033 525022 521015 516013 512009 502998
      493991 486989 482989 480987 474986 468983 455976 452974
      445973 444984 445989 446993 451005 451010 449012 446017
      442031 450044 454045 458045 460043 468044 473049 478052
      481058 492068 495072 499074 508074 515075 516068 517062
      519065 520065 522062 524055
 0.01 508815 506786 500769 501764 500756 499748 497743 496735
      494729 493715 486688 483675 479665 474653 472649 470654
      467669 464682 459699 456708 453715 449723 444730 434748
      428771 423791 420801 421816 424830 425838 426842 428843
      435838 435847 432857 432860 429864 422868 414874 395876
      378886 375888 368889 361894 358896 358904 360909 360917
      362932 365937 369941 361956 359960 356962 349963 337954
      334949 330947 325941 319935 312928 309924 306920 304918
      300920 297893 300889 302883 305871 304861 303858 302852
      302842 302836 305834 311828 314826 317826 320831 322835
      323842 323847 325849 329848 330846 332842 337833 340824
      343810 351793 360774 364766 367759 369752 371742 375724
      374720 375717 373714 371709 368707 364703 360702 356703
      351706 345710 342713 339717 335721 331725 327729 321732
      312738 300741 284747 275749 267752 261756 253761 247767
      240773 234778 231782 229787 225797 224807 224813 224818
      226829 231840 237848 243853 249857 255859 263857 265860
      268864 272871 274874 275876 275880 274886 274892 274904
      273910 273917 269917 265915 261913 259915 254925 253939
      253954 252961 251966 246973 246976 248979 251980 251985
      251997 250010 249014 248022 246044 245048 245053 244057
      244063 255075 274088 278090 284092 293094 321088 326090
      329095 334102 339107 344114 347117 350121 354124 358122
      360118 357115 351110 347106 345101 344095 345088 346085
      348082 352078 359071 366073 370077 372080
 0.01 372080 375088 376093 376098 379099 383096 387093 389089
      393082 399078 401074 404072 407073 412073 414069 410066
      408064 408061 409059 396046 398041 400039 405033 412027
      419032 422030 423027 423021 425016 431994 431985 429974
      428959 427947 426939 432934 447924 457913 460908 461903
      464893 466884 469876 473865 477857 481850 483847 487844
      495848 503844 504840 506832 508815
 0.01 399751 399742 398739 394740 390745 387751 386758 386768
      385772 383775 379780 373790 366804 364810 360814 350824
      344834 343840 343847 348850 351855 356862 360867 364869
      368865 372849 372842 374834 376826 379819 381814 385809
      390803 394798 396791 397788 397784 398765 399751
 0.25 517267 518262 518257 515248 508235 503230 495229 490233
      484236 479232 474231 471232 466235 463237 461241 459244
      459246 462249 466252 479261 483265 489272 494277 499278
      503278 508276 514272 517267
 0.25 484710 482703 481698 479693 477689 476686 473686 472691
      470696 470701 473705 473708 475712 479713 483711 484710
 0.25 489780 490776 488772 484770 482764 481756 479751 474750
      470751 466755 464760 462766 461773 463780 465787 466793
      465799 465806 469808 472808 479799 484790 489780
 0.25 458239 456237 455238 456240 458239 458239
 0.25 417982 417975 416968 414960 412955 404945 401938 397931
      393927 389926 385925 382926 379931 377941 377947 376949
      370962 358981 349993 344006 340017 338023 334027 311041
      308043 302044 288044 282045 274045 269045 265044 258042
      254042 253044 251049 249055 250061 254067 259071 270079
      279083 291085 299084 306083 318078 324070 328065 332062
      337060 342055 351046 358038 365028 370023 372023 371027
      371030 373033 378033 385032 388029 396020 402018 407014
      413998 415991 417982
 0.25 376051 375046 373042 370041 367043 363045 360049 358052
      357058 359058 363056 367054 372054 376051 376051
 0.25 362749 361744 358743 354741 349742 344749 339758 335765
      332769 330770 322765 312763 304762 295760 289760 285760
      276764 270768 263773 255779 248784 244786 242789 238796
      235806 234812 235818 237826 242833 249840 257844 264843
      272840 290839 288818 290813 296812 306812 314810 322806
      333791 340786 346780 353772 358764 362749
 0.25 299964 299958 298953 296949 295937 294935 290935 287940
      285941 283945 279949 270958 261968 259972 261978 265982
      272986 277984 281977 285973 292977 295975 297972 299965
      299964
 0.50 515267 516260 514253 509243 507240 501235 497237 495241
      493242 488240 483241 480241 475245 475250 480254 484258
      488262 490267 494272 497273 502272 505270 510269 513269
      515267
 0.50 481781 481776 478775 475777 474780 474784 473788 472791
      472796 475795 476793 478791 479787 480784 481781
 0.50 407993 408984 406976 405969 404966 400960 398962 395962
      390956 387955 384956 381965 380974 377980 372986 366990
      359999 354007 355013 353020 350026 344030 337033 327040
      323041 322044 320049 321054 327056 332053 344045 351035
      359023 369014 375010 379010 381012 381017 382020 385021
      392018 396011 399009 402003 407993
 0.50 356757 355750 352748 349751 347754 344759 343761 341766
      342770 342772 346774 348771 351767 352764 355759 356757
 0.50 318787 316784 317779 315776 312775 306775 295774 282774
      272777 260782 251787 245790 242795 238803 237810 239816
      243825 247830 251834 260837 264837 269835 272833 275834
      280834 283833 284831 281825 280821 281815 283808 284806
      287805 299803 307802 312800 317793 318787
 0.50 308072 309069 308066 304061 295054 289052 281052 275052
      271052 267051 262049 258048 256051 254056 254061 255063
      258067 263071 275075 287079 293080 299080 304077 308072
 0.50 285964 286960 285956 283958 281960 279962 277964 275966
      273968 272972 275974 279973 281972 283969 284966 285964
 1.00 497265 497264 495263 495264 495265 497266 497265
 1.00 397982 395975 393973 389974 386978 382983 379988 375992
      371996 372999 376000 382999 386995 391993 393991 394987
      397982
 1.00 295071 293067 288063 283059 277058 271056 268057 272060
      266062 269064 275067 280069 287070 293071 295071
 1.00 277792 275788 269787 264789 256790 251792 246796 243800
      241805 242811 245817 249820 254823 264827 270828 273828
      273826 272820 268816 264811 264807 265804 268803 271803
      274804 275801 277792
 1.50 269824 269820 266818 262813 260810 259805 262799 257795
      250798 245803 244805 244811 250816 255819 261821 267825
      269824
 2.00 264819 261815 258812 255810 255803 253798 250800 247804
      246809 249812 251814 255817 259819 263820 264819
$$





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