Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS La Crosse, WI

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FXUS63 KARX 140845
AFDARX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LA CROSSE WI
345 AM CDT MON APR 14 2014

.SHORT TERM...(TODAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY)
ISSUED AT 345 AM CDT MON APR 14 2014

MAIN FORECAST CONCERN IS WITH THE PRECIPITATION CHANCES TODAY AND
THEN TUESDAY NIGHT INTO WEDNESDAY.

SURFACE ANALYSIS SHOWS AN AREA OF LOW PRESSURE OVER NORTHERN
ILLINOIS. LOCAL AND REGIONAL RADARS SHOWING THE DEFORMATION BAND
OF PRECIPITATION ON THE NORTHWEST SIDE OF THE LOW EXTENDS FROM
SOUTHERN IOWA ACROSS THE AREA INTO EASTERN LAKE SUPERIOR. COLDER
AIR HAS FILTERED IN AND CHANGED MOST OF THE PRECIPITATION OVER TO
SOME LIGHT SNOW. THE PRECIPITATION IS MOVING TO THE NORTHEAST AND
THE 14.05Z HRRR SEEMS TO HAVE A GOOD HANDLE ON THE CURRENT
SITUATION. IT INDICATES THAT BY 12Z THE BACK EDGE OF THE
PRECIPITATION COMING OUT OF SOUTHERN IOWA WILL HAVE SHIFTED INTO
SOUTHERN WISCONSIN WITH THE WESTERN EDGE INTO THE WESTERN AND
CENTRAL PARTS OF WISCONSIN. WILL ADJUST THE MORNING SNOW CHANCES
BASED ON RADAR TRENDS...BUT EXPECT THAT THE MAJORITY OF THE
ACTIVITY SHOULD BE EAST OF THE FORECAST AREA BY 12Z AND THEN WHAT
IT IS LEFT WILL QUICKLY DISSIPATE BY THE MID MORNING HOURS.

HIGH PRESSURE WILL THEN BUILD IN OVER THE UPPER MIDWEST AND LINGER
INTO TUESDAY BEFORE DEPARTING TO THE NORTHEAST. THE HIGH WILL HELP
TO KEEP TEMPERATURES BELOW NORMAL WITH HIGHS TODAY ONLY IN THE
30S FOR THE ENTIRE AREA AND THEN IN THE 30S AND 40S FOR TUESDAY.

THE NEXT CHANCE FOR SOME PRECIPITATION WILL START TO COME IN
TUESDAY NIGHT AND CONTINUE INTO WEDNESDAY. THIS WILL BE IN
RESPONSE TO A SHORT WAVE TROUGH THAT WILL CROSS THE NORTHERN
ROCKIES TUESDAY NIGHT AND MOVE OUT OVER THE UPPER MIDWEST
WEDNESDAY. THE BEST PV ADVECTION IN THE 500-300 MB LAYER IS
EXPECTED TO REMAIN NORTHWEST OF THE AREA THROUGH WEDNESDAY...BUT
THE WAVE SHOULD STILL BE ABLE TO PRODUCE AT LEAST SOME WEAK PV
ADVECTION OVER THE NORTHWEST SECTIONS OF THE FORECAST AREA. LOW
PRESSURE AT THE SURFACE IS EXPECTED TO MOVE EAST ACROSS SOUTH
DAKOTA DURING THE DAY WEDNESDAY WITH A WARM FRONT EXTENDING EAST
INTO WISCONSIN. WEAK FRONTOGENESIS IN THE 1000-700 MB LAYER IS
EXPECTED TO DEVELOP ALONG AND NORTH OF THE WARM FRONT ACROSS
MINNESOTA AND WISCONSIN. THE WARM AIR ADVECTION AHEAD OF THE SHORT
WAVE TROUGH AND SURFACE LOW IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE 5 TO 8 UBAR/S
OF UP GLIDE ON THE 290K ISENTROPIC SURFACE. WITH THE FORCING FROM
THE SHORT WAVE TROUGH AND THE LOW LEVEL FRONTOGENESIS AND
ISENTROPIC UP GLIDE...EXPECT TO SEE PRECIPITATION BEGIN TO DEVELOP
ALONG AND NORTH OF THE WARM FRONT LATE TUESDAY NIGHT AND CONTINUE
INTO WEDNESDAY. WILL START OUT WITH SOME SMALL CHANCES ALONG AND
NORTH OF INTERSTATE 94 LATE TUESDAY NIGHT AND THEN SPREAD THE
CHANCES SOUTH TO ABOUT THE IOWA/MINNESOTA BORDER WEDNESDAY WHILE
INCREASING TO 50 PERCENT ACROSS THE FAR NORTH. BUFKIT SOUNDINGS
INDICATE THAT ICE WILL BE PRESENT IN THE CLOUDS AND THERE SHOULD
NOT BE A WARM LAYER TO DEAL WITH...SO THE PRECIPITATION TYPE
SHOULD BE CONTROLLED BY THE BOUNDARY LAYER TEMPERATURES. WILL
START WITH ALL SNOW TUESDAY NIGHT GOING TO RAIN WEDNESDAY AS
READINGS WARM INTO THE 40S AND 50S.

.LONG TERM...(WEDNESDAY NIGHT THROUGH SUNDAY)
ISSUED AT 345 AM CDT MON APR 14 2014

SLOW AND COMPLICATED UPPER AIR PATTERN WILL KEEP THE PRECIPITATION
CHANCES IN THE FORECAST THROUGH THE WEEKEND. ONCE THE FIRST SHORT
WAVE TROUGH MOVES PAST THE REGION WEDNESDAY NIGHT...ALL THE MODELS
SHOW A CUT OFF LOW FORMING OVER SOUTHERN SASKATCHEWAN FROM A
STRONG NORTHERN STREAM SHORT WAVE TROUGH COMING DOWN FROM THE
NORTHERN CANADA. THIS IS EXPECTED TO KEEP THE MEAN LONG WAVE
TROUGH ALONG AND EAST OF THE ROCKIES WITH SEVERAL SHORT WAVE
TROUGHS COMING THROUGH THIS LONG WAVE TROUGH. THE CLOSED LOW
SHOULD THEN OPEN UP AND START TO MOVE EAST WITH THE LONG WAVE
TROUGH PASSING OVER FOR THE WEEKEND. WITHIN THIS EXTENDED PERIOD
OF PRECIPITATION CHANCES...THE BEST CHANCES LOOK TO OCCUR THURSDAY
NIGHT INTO FRIDAY WHEN A STRONG SHORT WAVE TROUGH IS SHOWN BY THE
MODELS TO MOVE ACROSS THE REGION. TEMPERATURES STILL LOOK TO BE
COOL ENOUGH FOR SNOW OR A RAIN/SNOW MIX AT NIGHT GOING TO RAIN
DURING THE DAY.

&&

.AVIATION...(FOR THE 06Z TAFS THROUGH 06Z MONDAY NIGHT)
ISSUED AT 1140 PM CDT SUN APR 13 2014

AS SHORT WAVE CONTINUES TO PUSH EAST TONIGHT...PRECIPITATION HAS
BEEN WAINING. COLUMN HAS BEEN COOLING AS WELL ALLOWING RAIN TO
CHANGE OVER TO SNOW FROM WEST TO EAST. BUT OVERALL CONDITIONS HAVE
BEEN IMPROVING WITH LESS LIFR AND MORE MVFR BEING OBSERVED AROUND
THE AREA.

OVER THE NEXT FEW HOURS...EXPECT RAIN AND SNOW TO END. BEFORE THEN
COULD SEE A DEFORMATION ZONE DEVELOP AND BRING ONE MORE ROUND OF
SNOW TO KRST BEFORE ENDING. MVFR CEILINGS EXPECTED TOWARDS DAYBREAK
AND THEN AS SYSTEM EXITS...COULD SEE VFR FOR MUCH OF THE DAY.

A BIT UNSURE ON WHAT CLOUDS WILL DO MONDAY AFTERNOON AS UPPER TROUGH
SETTLES IN. COULD SEE SOME LOW CLOUD DEVELOPMENT GIVEN MID APRIL SUN
BUT AM BANKING THAT MID LEVEL CLOUDS AROUND WILL BE ABOUT IT. STIFF
NORTHWEST WINDS SHOULD ALSO SUBSIDE AS WEATHER SYSTEM EXITS BY
MONDAY EVENING.


&&

.HYDROLOGY...
ISSUED AT 345 AM CDT MON APR 14 2014

PARTS OF SOUTHWEST WISCONSIN RECEIVED BETWEEN 2 AND 4 INCHES OF
RAIN OVER THE WEEKEND. THIS HAS RESULTED IN SATURATED SOILS AND
RUNOFF INTO AREAS STREAMS. THIS HAS RESULTED IN MAINLY IN BANK
RISES BUT THE LATEST FORECASTS INDICATE SOME MINOR FLOODING IS
POSSIBLE ALONG THE KICKAPOO IN THE VICINITY OF READSTOWN. SOME
FLOODING LATER THIS WEEK IS POSSIBLE ALONG THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER
AS RUNOFF FROM THE SNOWMELT UPSTREAM AND THE RECENT RAINS MOVES
DOWNSTREAM.

&&

.ARX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
WI...NONE.
MN...NONE.
IA...NONE.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...04
LONG TERM...04
AVIATION...SHEA
HYDROLOGY...04



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