Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS La Crosse, WI

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FXUS63 KARX 061153
AFDARX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LA CROSSE WI
553 AM CST FRI MAR 6 2015

.SHORT TERM...(TODAY AND TONIGHT)
ISSUED AT 325 AM CST FRI MAR 6 2015

CHALLENGES INCLUDE LOW PRECIPITATION CHANCES TONIGHT THROUGH THE
WEEKEND AND TEMPERATURES FOR THE ENTIRE SEVEN-DAY FORECAST PERIOD.
06.00Z MODEL SUITE IN GOOD OVERALL AGREEMENT WITH TIMING OF WEAK
SHORT-WAVES IN BROADER NORTHWEST FLOW ALOFT...BUT THERE EXIST SOME
SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES IN THE THERMAL PROFILES...ESPECIALLY
BETWEEN THE LATEST GFS/ECMWF. FOR THIS...WILL LEAN HEAVILY ON A
BLENDED SOLUTION FOR TEMPERATURES...BUT FAVOR THE WARMER SIDE OF
THE ENVELOPE GIVEN GFS/ECMWF ENSEMBLE GUIDANCE.

FOR TODAY...A DRY SURFACE TROUGH CURRENTLY ACROSS NORTHEAST ND/
NORTHWEST MN WILL SWING ACROSS THE UPPER MS RIVER VALLEY. PRIMARY
IMPACT WILL BE SOME MID-HIGH LEVEL CLOUDS AND A WIND SHIFT FROM
SOUTH TO WEST. CLOUD COVER AHEAD OF THE TROUGH WILL QUICKLY PUSH
EAST THIS MORNING WITH PARTLY TO MOSTLY SUNNY SKIES IN ITS WAKE.
24 HOUR TEMPERATURE CHANGE AT 925 HPA BY 07.00Z OF 10 TO 15
DEGREES CELSIUS WILL RESULT IN AFTERNOON HIGHS TODAY SOARING INTO
THE 30S.

A SECONDARY TROUGH WILL DROP SOUTH TONIGHT...BRINGING WITH IT A
SLIGHTLY BETTER CHANCE FOR SOME LIGHT SNOW. BEST LIFT COINCIDES
WITH WARM AIR ADVECTION MAINLY ACROSS EAST CENTRAL MN INTO
NORTHWEST AND WEST-CENTRAL WI. ANY ACCUMULATION WILL BE VERY LIGHT
WITH A TENTH OR TWO OF AN INCH POSSIBLE. ALL OTHER AREAS WILL
REMAIN DRY. TEMPERATURES TONIGHT WILL DROP INTO THE UPPER TEENS TO
LOWER 20S.

.LONG TERM...(SATURDAY THROUGH THURSDAY)
ISSUED AT 325 AM CST FRI MAR 6 2015

COLD FRONT DROPS SOUTH LATE FRIDAY NIGHT INTO SATURDAY MORNING
WITH DEPARTING WAVE ALOFT. POST FRONTAL AIR MASS IS QUITE A BIT
COLDER WITH THE GFS COMPARED TO THE ECMWF...BUT WILL LEAN TOWARD
THE WARMER GUIDANCE BRINGING AFTERNOON HIGHS INTO THE MID 30S TO
NEAR 40 DEGREES IN SOME SPOTS. OTHERWISE SATURDAY WILL BE DRY WITH
A QUICK-MOVING SURFACE HIGH PASSING THROUGH THE REGION.

SATURDAY NIGHT INTO SUNDAY MORNING WILL SEE THE BEST CHANCE FOR
PRECIPITATION IN THE NEXT 7 DAYS...BUT OCCURRENCE IS STILL FAR
FROM CERTAIN. 06.00Z ECMWF/GEM BRING A QUICK TENTH OF AN INCH
LIQUID QPF MAINLY ACROSS THE SOUTHERN HALF OF THE FORECAST AREA
WHEREAS THE GFS/NAM ARE MAINLY DRY. ALL MODELS SHOWING THE RIGHT
ENTRANCE REGION OF A 500 TO 300 HPA JET OVERHEAD...BUT INTERNATIONAL
MODELS SHOWING A BIT MORE MOISTURE AND MID-LEVEL FORCING ALONG
WARM AIR ADVECTION TONGUE. ADJUSTED SOME TIMING...BUT OTHERWISE
MAINTAINED CHANCE POPS FOR NOW.

IF PRECIPITATION DOES OCCUR SUNDAY MORNING...IT WILL MOVE OUT
QUICKLY BY THE AFTERNOON WITH DRY CONDITIONS THEREAFTER AND
CONTINUING FOR THE REST OF WORK WEEK. CHALLENGE WILL BE DAILY
TEMPERATURES AS NORTHWEST FLOW ALOFT BEGINS TO FLATTEN LATE SUNDAY
INTO MONDAY...ALLOWING MUCH WARMER PACIFIC AIR MASS TO OOZE INTO
THE CENTRAL PLAINS. AT ISSUE IS THAT THE TEMPERATURE GRADIENT
BETWEEN THIS WARMER AIR AND COLDER CANADIAN AIR TO THE NORTH WILL
OSCILLATE SOMEWHERE NEAR THE FORECAST AREA. IN GENERAL...THE
06.00Z GFS KEEPS THE UPPER MS RIVER VALLEY ON THE COLD SIDE OF
THIS GRADIENT...WHEREAS THE ECMWF IS ON THE WARM SIDE PER 925 HPA
TEMPERATURES.

AS AN EXAMPLE...FORECAST HIGHS TUESDAY/WEDNESDAY AT LA CROSSE ARE
20 PLUS DEGREES APART BETWEEN THE COLDER GFS AND WARMER ECMWF.
MELTING SNOW COVER WILL ALSO HAVE A SIGNIFICANT IMPACT ON SURFACE
TEMPERATURES. AS NOTED ABOVE...SIDED WITH THE WARMER GUIDANCE
GIVEN SIMILARITIES TO BOTH THE GFS/ECMWF ENSEMBLES...BUT SOMETHING
THAT WILL NEED ADJUSTMENT THROUGH THIS WEEKEND AND INTO NEXT WEEK.
EITHER WAY...TEMPERATURES WILL BE NOTICEABLY WARMER COMPARED TO
THE PAST COUPLE DAYS.

&&

.AVIATION...(FOR THE 12Z TAFS THROUGH 12Z SATURDAY MORNING)
ISSUED AT 553 AM CST FRI MAR 6 2015

A WARM FRONT WILL BRING A BAND OF 8-12K DECK OF CLOUDS THROUGH THE
AREA. THESE CLOUDS SHOULD MOVE EAST OF THE AREA BY 06.15Z.  IN
ADDTION TO THIS...THERE WILL BE LOW LEVEL WIND SHEAR AT LA CROSSE
WI THROUGH 14Z. ANOTHER BAND OF 8 TO 12K DECK WILL MOVE INTO THE
AREA THIS EVENING AHEAD OF ANOTHER SHORT WAVE TROUGH. THIS CEILING
WILL SLOWLY LOWER TO INTO THE 5 TO 10K RANGE AFTER 07.09Z.

&&

.ARX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
WI...NONE.
MN...NONE.
IA...NONE.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...ROGERS
LONG TERM...ROGERS
AVIATION...BOYNE


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