Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Des Moines, IA

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FXUS63 KDMX 240548
AFDDMX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Des Moines IA
1148 PM CST Thu Feb 23 2017

.SHORT TERM.../Tonight through Friday/
Issued at 352 PM CST Thu Feb 23 2017

Plenty of concerns with the dynamic system as it moves across the
Midwest over the next 24 hours.  Currently, near surface cold
advection continues with surface boundary along I70 in eastern
Kansas and Missouri.  Strong isentropic lift is increasing northward
of the boundary with precipitation currently expanding through
northern Iowa.  Elevated instability has also been increasing as
moisture returns above the boundary and this will continue to rise
into the evening with the strong warm advection.  Isolated to
scattered convection is expected to develop in southern into central
Iowa this evening in the strong push of elevated warm/moist air into
the state.  Sufficient effective shear will likely produce rotating
updrafts in some of the storms, but alas, they will be elevated with
main concern with some marginally severe hail.  However, as these
higher pcpn rates head north into the deepening cold air, there may
be a period overnight where very heavy snow rates are observed along
and north of Highway 20 with thundersnow.  Rates will be quite
impressive anyway given the very strong forcing through daybreak.

With models indicating a more southern track of the surface low, the
transition zone will be much quicker to arrive in central into
southeast Iowa on Friday. It will likely hit the I35 zone near DSM
toward the end of the morning rush hour and the southeast corner of
the forecast area by late afternoon.  Heaviest snowfall will remain
in west central to north central Iowa during the day where
frontogenetical forcing and strong QG forcing will occur.  Farther
southeast, snowfall rates will be lower with weaker forcing. In all
locations, strong north to northwest winds are expected from late
tonight through Friday evening.  Strongest winds will be in favored
locations in northern Iowa where forecast soundings still indicate
35 to 40 kts at top of the shallow mixed layer.  Snow amounts will
range from around a foot in northern Iowa to 5-7 inches on southern
edge of warning.  Advisory area is generally 2-6 inches.  Blizzard
warning was expanded to included the heavier snowfall areas and also
those locations that historically have problems. White-out
conditions are expected at times in the Blizzard warning, especially
in the open country-side. Deep drifts are also expected to develop
with the strong winds and relatively drier snow in northern iowa.
The advisory area was also expanded to the south and east for
combination of snow and blowing snow, especially for the rural areas
where visibilities tend to drop. Roads may also end up flash
freezing with transition to snow although the daytime transition may
help alleviate some of the problems. In any case, conditions will be
poor for much of Friday in the headlined areas. The system will
gradually wind down on Friday evening with most locations dry after
midnight on Friday night.

.LONG TERM.../Friday night through Thursday/
Issued at 352 PM CST Thu Feb 23 2017

Deep trough pushes into the Great Lakes Saturday with a ridge
attempting to build over the high plains keeping Iowa in a Northwest
flow with and remaining snow across the far East ending by early to
mid morning.  Temps were lowered across the North both Saturday and
Sunday due to expected 8-12 inches of new snow on the ground.
However on Sunday we will be in a more zonal flow and as such we
should be several degrees warmer than Saturday.  Snow cover will
still have an impact so I tempered the warmer temps by 3 degrees or
so.

The general pattern into next week is that we will see a series of
shortwaves passing through a generally zonal flow.  The timing of
which is not being handled very well between the models.  The
biggest system to impact the area...if solutions hold...will be a
one/two punch of quick moving waves Monday night into Tuesday
evening. Models are in general agreement with a longwave trough
developing over the rockies with weaker impulses ejecting from the
base across Iowa. The caveat is in the development and locations of
the surface low related to these systems and resultant warm front.
The models are once again all over the place with this feature but
it would appear at least in general that the warm advection wing of
this system would largely impact Southern Iowa the East and South.
Monday night, much of the area Tuesday and Eastern sections Tuesday
night.  With much of the South and East in broad Southerly flow
Tuesday, this will be the warmest day next week.  The upper trough
passes through the region on Wednesday and it will bring in much
cooler temps then we will have seen on Tuesday.  The GFS continues
to keep some precip over Northern Iowa on Wednesday but none of the
other medium range models have this and the blended models are slow
to process changes so at this point I left what the model blends had
for Wednesday but confidence in seeing anything is very low.

The next wave to impact the area will come at the end of the long
term period...on Thursday.  Here again I left what model blends had
going as confidence in any solution is low and I expect many changes
to the models over the next 6 days.  Temps do look cold enough North
for snow and South would be rain or rain/snow mix depending on
timing.

&&

.AVIATION.../For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Friday night/
Issued at 1148 PM CST Thu Feb 23 2017

Convection ongoing over much of central Iowa with snow north and
rain south. Widespread IFR or lower conditions in place and that
will persist through much of Friday. Precipitation will gradually
switch to all snow most areas except KOTM during the day Friday.
Strong northerly winds creating blowing snow and low visibilities
over the north. Conditions will begin to improve late in the
period.

&&

.DMX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
Winter Weather Advisory from 6 AM Friday to midnight CST Friday
night for IAZ028-037>039-047>050-057>060-070.

Blizzard Warning until midnight CST Friday night for IAZ004>007-
015.

Blizzard Warning until midnight CST Friday night for IAZ016-017-
023>027-033>036-044>046.

&&

$$

SHORT TERM...Cogil
LONG TERM...FAB
AVIATION...Donavon



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