Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Gaylord, MI

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FXUS63 KAPX 170813

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Gaylord MI
313 AM EST Wed Jan 17 2018

.NEAR TERM...(Today through Tonight)
Issued at 306 AM EST Wed Jan 17 2018

...Winds on the increase...

High impact weather potential: Nothing.

Pattern synopsis/forecast: Early morning analysis shows positively
tilted trough axis slowly pinwheeling east out of the region as mid
level ridge axis builds into the High Plains. Subtle shortwave
trough dropping southeast across northeast Ontario, with attendant
weak cold front increasing the pressure gradient across the northern
Lakes between it and high pressure dropping through the southern
Plains. Winds have quickly backed overnight, punting lake effect
snow showers into the traditional snowbelts, although limited
convective depth and non-existent synoptic support has kept them
fairly disorganized. Clear skies across much of the interior and a
quick decoupling of winds allowed temperatures to tank during the
evening, with readings by midnight well below zero in several

Warm (but dry) advection processes really begin to ramp up today in
increasingly southwest flow wind environment as strong high pressure
slowly rotates into the western Tennessee Valley by evening. This
will put an end to lake processes and begin a milder weather regime
to finish out this week.

Primary forecast concerns/challenges: Not much, with primary focus
on those increasingly gusty southwest winds and attendant wind

Details: Light lake effect snow showers expected to come to an end
this morning as strong warm air advection greatly limits over-water
instability. Any snow accumulations will be minimal. Warming into
the cloud layer will also help scatter out some of the lake induced
overcast, resulting in at least partly cloudy skies by later this
afternoon all areas. Winds will most definitely be on the increase
as pressure gradient continues to increase, with wind gusts by this
afternoon easily topping 25 mph, with some of the higher elevation
areas and areas near Lake Michigan going over 30 mph at times. Per
the usual, initial surge of strongest warm air advection will be
just off the deck, but still expect highs several degrees warmer
than those experienced yesterday, with readings largely in the 20s.
Unfortunately, those winds will definitely add a bit of chill, with
wind chill readings mostly in the single digits. Those gusty winds
will also produce a bit of blowing snow, especially in those favored
exposed areas.

Really no change tonight as gusty southwest winds continue
(especially so this evening) within a dry environment. Those winds
should keep temperatures from falling too much, with readings only
dropping back into the teens and lower 20s. Once again, wind chill
readings will be several degrees colder, staying mostly in the
single digits.


.SHORT TERM...(Thursday through Friday)
Issued at 306 AM EST Wed Jan 17 2018

...Moderating temperatures...

High Impact Weather Potential: Minimal.

Pattern Forecast: Primary feature to note through the short term
forecast period is a well-defined, but moisture starved wave is
expected to race across the northern Great Lakes during the day
Thursday. Weak surface reflection and associated low chances for
light/scattered precip are expected to accompany the wave before it
exits the region by Thursday evening. Otherwise, heights rise Friday
with high pressure nosing into the Great White North from the south
bringing temperatures some 10-15 degrees above normal.

Primary Forecast Concerns/Challenges: Low threat for snow showers
during the day Thursday.

Little in the way of sensible weather is expected through the
forecast period, with the one exception revolving around the
Thursday time frame as a moisture starved wave is expected to barrel
its way from Manitoba into the northern Great Lakes. Forecast
soundings suggest little in the way of appreciable moisture through
the column lending little support for widespread precip. However
there does remain a brief window for scattered snow shower
development across the Tip of the Mitt into eastern upper Thursday
afternoon, but passing with little impact. High temps Thursday
rising another 5 or so degrees over Wednesday...topping out in the
upper 20s to low 30s area-wide.

Primarily dry conditions under partly to mostly cloudy skies are
expected Friday with temperatures warming to 10-15 degrees above
normal...varying from the low-mid 30s across eastern upper to the
upper 30s-40 degrees for most of northern lower.


.LONG TERM...(Friday night through Tuesday)
Issued at 306 AM EST Wed Jan 17 2018

High impact weather potential: Watching the potential for a storm
system crossing the area late this weekend into early next week,
although timing and p-type remain uncertain.

Primary focus through the extended period continues to revolve
around the late weekend - early next week timeframe as guidance
remains consistent with the idea of a wave ejecting out of the Four-
Corners region with cyclogenesis lee of the Rockies by Sunday
morning. This wave and strengthening area of low pressure is
expected to trek northeastward toward the western Great Lakes late
in the day Sunday into Monday. Confidence remains low in the overall
track and strength of this system...ultimately affecting whether
northern Michigan experiences unseasonably mild temperatures and
rain or greater impacts from a wintry mix or wet accumulating
snowfall. Definitely a system worth monitoring over the next week.


.AVIATION...(For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Wednesday night)
Issued at 1145 PM EST Tue Jan 16 2018

Light lake effect snow showers will continue to impact portions of
the NW Lower Michigan shoreline areas overnight into Wednesday.
Overall conditions will be VFR thru the 24 hr TAF forecast
period...but will periodically drop to MVFR/possibly IFR within
any lake snow showers. Winds will shift to the SW on Wednesday as
low level WAA begins...bringing an end to over-lake instability.
SW winds will strengthen to 10 to 20 kts with a few higher gusts




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