Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Buffalo, NY
FXUS61 KBUF 280603
Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Buffalo NY
203 AM EDT Fri Oct 28 2016
Low pressure over New England will give way to high pressure during
the course of the day Friday. While this will allow for temporary
improvement over our region...the weekend will be unsettled. A cold
front will stall just south of our area while several waves of low
pressure will pass along it. This will support more rain showers...
especially on Sunday.
.NEAR TERM /THROUGH TODAY/...
Low pressure will exit into the St Lawrence overnight. Precipitation
has tapered off considerably with mainly scattered showers behind
the departing low. Chances for showers will linger south and east
of the lakes as cooler air aloft moves in and increases lake
IR satellite shows cloud tops only about -8C across Western New
York which is not cold enough for dendritic snow growth across much
of Western New York. As a result...expect mainly drizzle or light
rain showers. Fortunately surface temperatures should remain just
above freezing in these areas.
Moisture is deeper across the Eastern Lake Ontario region which
is closer to the departing mid/upper level low. Surface
temperatures across the Eastern Lake Ontario region have risen
significantly in a gusty south to southwest flow. As cooler air
builds behind the low towards daybreak...lake enhanced rain showers
may change back to snow across higher terrain...but little
accumulation is expected. This still may result in some slick spots.
On Friday...the initial surface low over the SLV will weaken while a
secondary surface low will develop near southern New England. While
precipitation will largely be ended over WNY...there may be a few
lingering areas of precipitation east of Lake Ontario through the
A narrow ridge of high pressure will then advance towards the region
Friday afternoon. Once this ridge arrives we should see a rapid
decrease in cloud cover with sunshine spreading eastward across the
CWA. Despite this sunshine we will still remain chilly with highs
only in the mid to upper 40s.
.SHORT TERM /TONIGHT THROUGH MONDAY/...
The axis of the north-south surface ridge across the lower Great
Lakes will slide eastward Friday night. Southwesterly low level jet
increases to 45 to 55 knots by Saturday morning as shortwave energy
races across southern Canada, laying a sharp baroclinic zone across
the upper Midwest/Northern Great Lakes and Southern Ontario. The
increasing warm advection and moisture out ahead of this system will
bring increasing chances for showers to the North Country towards
Saturday morning, while the remainder of the region will remain dry.
The warm air advection and increasing southwest flow will result in
a non-diurnal temperature trend for most areas, with this most
pronounced across the lake plains of western New York where
overnight temperatures should warm into at least the lower to mid
50s by daybreak Saturday.
Saturday, latest models look to be just a tad bit slower with the
southward movement of the cold front. Nonetheless, it looks like the
boundary will ease through the area late in the day and Saturday
night. Increasing moisture and frontal lift will generate scattered
to numerous showers across the region, with the greatest rain
potential across the North Country. A breezy to windy day is
expected day as the pressure gradient tightens across our region in
advance of the cold front and as the 45 to 55 knot low level jet
translates eastward across the area. Momentum transfer scheme off
model soundings suggesting that we will not be able to tap into all
of this wind aloft with low levels rather stable, but still could be
looking at wind gusts in the 40 to 45 mph range, especially downwind
of the lakes. Likely not looking at much in the way of sunshine, but
still should be a rather mild late October day with most high
temperatures in the lower to mid 60s across western New York, with
rain holding the North Country back in the 50s.
The southward progression of the front will likely be slowed further
Saturday night into early Sunday as a wave of low pressure ripples
eastward along it. This will likely keep widespread showers across
the region Saturday night into at least Sunday morning. The greatest
rain potential across the western New York and the Finger Lakes.
The rainfall potential will diminish by Sunday afternoon as the
front drop south of the region. High pressure building into the
region behind the front will bring clearing skies Sunday night with
a good amount of sunshine expected for Monday. A gradually cooling
air mass will bring temperatures back closer to normal for Sunday
and Monday with most highs in the upper 40s to mid 50s.
.LONG TERM /MONDAY NIGHT THROUGH THURSDAY/...
The beginning of this forecast period will be dominated by broad
upper-level ridging that will build from the Mississippi Valley to
the eastern seaboard...and its corresponding areas of surface-based
high pressure. These features will provide our region with a return
to warmer temperatures and largely dry weather. The ridged pattern
will get knocked down by a cold front Wednesday night through
Thursday. Expect a rainy period during the slow passage of this cold
front, as the surface and mid level flow will be along the front,
slowing its passage and allowing a longer and more persistent supply
Light south winds will provide warmer air and downsloping conditions
on Monday night, thus overnight low temps will be limited to the
lower to mid 40s, persistent south to southwest winds will hold
Tuesday night`s lows to the upper 40s to lower 50s, and Wednesday
night will stay 10 degrees above normal with lows in the lower to
mid 40s. High temperatures will be in the mid to upper 60s, with
lower 60s east of Lake Ontario. Wednesday and Thursday will also be
mild for early November as high temps reach the upper 50s to lower
60s on Wednesday and the lower to mid 50s on Thursday, during the
.AVIATION /06Z FRIDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/...
MVFR cigs will be found across the majority of western and north
central New York through at least daybreak...as a slow moving storm
system in the vcnty of the Thousand Islands will exit to the east.
Cigs will be IFR at times at KGTB and KART...while more widespread
IFR cigs will be found across the Western Southern Tier.
After daybreak...cigs will gradually climb to VFR levels over the
western counties with clearing skies from west to east during the
late morning and midday. Cigs will remain at MVFR levels east of
Lake Ontario until at least early afternoon.
Saturday...VFR/MVFR with scattered to numerous showers developing.
Sunday...Mainly VFR with a chance of showers. Monday and
Will not make any changes to the small craft advisories that are in
place across the Eastern Great Lakes. As the surface low tracks
into the St. Lawrence Valley overnight, winds will be gusty near
the surface low and shift abruptly.
A narrow ridge of high pressure will cross the lakes tomorrow and
this will allow for SCA to end through the afternoon and overnight
time period on the lakes. However this will only be a lull, as
another storm system passing just to the north of Lake Ontario will
again freshen the winds on the Eastern Great Lakes that will likely
bring another round of SCA late Friday night and into the weekend on
MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 2 PM EDT this afternoon for LEZ040-
Small Craft Advisory until 11 AM EDT this morning for
Small Craft Advisory until 8 PM EDT this evening for
Small Craft Advisory until 5 PM EDT this afternoon for