Public Information Statement
Issued by NWS Cleveland, OH

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PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CLEVELAND OHIO
800 AM EST THU NOV 20 2014

...OHIO WINTER SAFETY WEEK 2014: NOVEMBER 16TH THROUGH NOVEMBER 22ND...

THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WILL FEATURE A DIFFERENT EDUCATIONAL
TOPIC EACH WEEK DAY DURING SAFETY WEEK. TODAYS TOPIC:

              BE SAFE...DURING (AND AFTER) THE STORM.

NORMALLY...WHEN A WINTER STORM IS IMMINENT...THE NATIONAL WEATHER
SERVICE WILL ISSUE A WINTER STORM WARNING OR BLIZZARD WARNING 6 TO 18
HOURS BEFORE THE STORM STRIKES. A WINTER STORM WARNING MEANS THAT
SEVERE WINTER WEATHER SUCH AS HEAVY SNOW...SIGNIFICANT FREEZING
RAIN...OR HEAVY SLEET IS EXPECTED. A BLIZZARD WARNING MEANS THAT
SUSTAINED OR GUSTY WINDS OF 35 MPH OR MORE ARE EXPECTED TO REDUCE
VISIBILITY AT OR BELOW A QUARTER OF A MILE DUE TO FALLING AND/OR
BLOWING SNOW FOR AT LEAST THREE HOURS.

THE ISSUANCE OF THE WINTER STORM WARNING IS YOUR SIGNAL TO TAKE STEPS
NECESSARY TO KEEP YOU...YOUR FAMILY AND ASSOCIATED PETS OR ANIMALS
SAFE DURING THE STORM.

ALL UNNECESSARY TRAVEL SHOULD BE DELAYED UNTIL THE STORM IS OVER.
SEVENTY PERCENT OF ALL DEATHS DURING SNOW AND ICE STORMS OCCUR IN
VEHICLES! IF YOU GET STRANDED IN YOUR VEHICLE AND SHELTER IS NOT VISIBLE
NEARBY THEN STAY WITH YOUR VEHICLE...

   -RUN THE MOTOR FOR ABOUT TEN MINUTES EACH HOUR FOR HEAT. KEEP THE
   TAILPIPE FREE FROM SNOW AND OPEN THE WINDOW SLIGHTLY FROM TIME TO
   TIME TO LET IN FRESH AIR.
   -MAKE YOURSELF VISIBLE BY TURNING ON THE DOME LIGHT WHILE THE ENGINE
   IS RUNNING AND TIE A COLORED (RED) CLOTH TO YOUR ANTENNA OR DOOR.
   -EXERCISE OCCASIONALLY BY VIGOROUSLY MOVING ARMS, LEGS, FINGERS, AND
   TOES TO KEEP YOUR BLOOD CIRCULATING.

THE SAFEST PLACE DURING A WINTER STORM IS INDOORS. IF YOUR REGULAR HEAT
SOURCE FAILS...
   -USE ALTERNATIVE HEAT SOURCES SUCH AS WOOD STOVES OR SPACE HEATERS
   BUT BE VERY CAREFUL. THE INCIDENCE OF FIRE INCREASES WHEN USING
   ALTERNATIVE HEAT. HAVE A FIRE EXTINGUISHER CLOSE BY.
   -CLOSE OFF UNNEEDED ROOMS AND STUFF TOWELS OR RAGS IN CRACKS
   UNDER DOORS.
   -COVER WINDOWS AT NIGHT.
   -EAT AND DRINK REGULARLY TO KEEP YOUR BODY TEMPERATURE UP AND
   PREVENT DEHYDRATION.

PROVIDE FOR PETS AND FARM ANIMALS BY MAKING SURE THEY HAVE SHELTER
AND PLENTY OF FOOD AND FRESH WATER AVAILABLE.

MOST DEATHS AND INJURIES DURING WINTER STORMS CAN BE PREVENTED!
OVEREXERTION IN THE COLD KILLS MANY PEOPLE. THE HEART AND BLOOD
VESSELS CONSTRICT IN COLD CONDITIONS TO PRESERVE BODY HEAT. TOO MUCH
EXERTION CAN CAUSE A HEART ATTACK. NO ONE DIED IN OHIO AND NORTHWEST
PENNSYLVANIA DURING THE "BLIZZARD OF `93" BUT AT LEAST SIX PEOPLE DIED
AFTERWARDS FROM SHOVELING SNOW.

WHEN SHOVELING SNOW OR DOING OTHER ACTIVITIES IN THE COLD YOU SHOULD
ALWAYS SET A SLOW PACE. TAKE FREQUENT BREAKS AND WARM YOURSELF
REGULARLY.

SWEATING CAN LEAD TO HYPOTHERMIA (LOW BODY TEMPERATURE). THE SIGNS
OF HYPOTHERMIA INCLUDE UNCONTROLLABLE SHIVERING, DISORIENTATION,
SLURRED SPEECH, AND DROWSINESS OR EXHAUSTION. IF THE BODY TEMPERATURE
HAS DROPPED BELOW 95 F SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL HELP.

FROSTBITE CAN ALSO OCCUR FROM EXPOSURE TO THE COLD. FROSTBITE CAUSES
A LOSS OF FEELING AND USUALLY OCCURS IN EXTREMITIES SUCH AS TOES OR
FINGERS FIRST.

WHEN TREATING HYPOTHERMIA OR FROSTBITE ALWAYS MAKE SURE THE
AFFECTED AREA IS DRY AND THEN WARM IT SLOWLY USING BLANKETS! A PERSON
SUFFERING FROM HYPOTHERMIA MUST HAVE THEIR CHEST...NECK AND HEAD
WARMED FIRST.

WHEN SPENDING TIME OUTDOORS IN THE COLD WEAR SEVERAL LAYERS OF LOOSE-
FITTING...LIGHT WEIGHT...WARM CLOTHING. YOU CAN REMOVE LAYERS TO AVOID
PERSPIRATION, AND SUBSEQUENT CHILL.

$$

GARY GARNET...WARNING AND COORDINATION METEOROLOGIST...NWS
CLEVELAND






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