Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Detroit/Pontiac, MI
FXUS63 KDTX 201931
Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Detroit/Pontiac MI
331 PM EDT WED JUL 20 2016
The two main concerns through the remainder of the week will be the
building heat and humidity and also severe thunderstorm potential as
this increasingly hot and unstable airmass overspreads the region.
The leading edge of the heat will actually begin building into the
area today (minus the higher humidity levels) as temperatures top
out between 85 and 90 late in most locations late today. The airmass
will then gradually become more humid tonight into Thursday with dew
point temperatures reaching the upper 60s to around 70. This will
initially lead to milder overnight low temperatures tonight between
65 and 70, and then allow heat indices to build into mid/upper 90s
Thursday afternoon as temperatures climb into the lower 90s in most
There is a small concern that scattered thunderstorms (or at least
convective debris) may temper these hot/humid conditions. While it
seems more likely that the area will remain dry into afternoon,
elevated convection has been firing consistently throughout the day
over the upper midwest on the leading edge of the highest theta-e
air. SW flow forcing this activity will expand into lower Michigan
on Thursday, so cannot discount the possibility.
Given the fact that heat indices will approach 100 degrees during
the afternoon Thursday with a rather abrupt increase in humidity
levels, will go ahead and issue a heat advisory for all but the
Thumb region. Conditions only get worse heading into Friday as the
hot/humid air continues to build into area. Although thunderstorms
may temporarily truncate warm conditions overnight Thursday, will
run the advisory from early Thursday afternoon into late Friday
evening as heat indices climb above 100 most locations by midday
Friday with southern parts of the forecast area actually approaching
excessive heat warning conditions, heat indices of 105 degrees, for
a few hours.
As eluded to above, with this building heat/humidity, there appears
to be an increasing likelihood of severe thunderstorms Thursday
night as a rather decent shortwave for mid summer tops the upper
ridge along the US/Canadian border and drops ESE/SE into the
northern Great Lakes. Between the 2000-3000 J/kg of MLCAPE feeding
into the area Thursday evening and 0-6km bulk shear of 40 kts as H85
flow increases to 35-40 kts and H5 flow to 45-50 kts, an MCS should
develop over the U.P. or northern Lower Michigan and then become
well organized as it dives quickly south into area by late
evening/midnight and crosses the forecast area overnight.
Depending on how well developed the cold pool with this system
becomes as it enters the forecast area, there could be a pretty
significant threat of wind damage across the area. For now, the
region remains under a slight risk of severe thunderstorms. This
will have to be monitored closely late tomorrow as the convective
activity initiates/evolves as it encroaches on the forecast area
from the north.
Would expect main convection to clear area before Friday, and with
warming mid-level temperatures spreading in from the west as the
core of the hot/humid airmass enters lower Michigan, capping should
be rather significant and limit any leftover or additional activity
during the day to the isolated/widely scattered variety.
SATURDAY THROUGH THURSDAY:
High pressure builds over southeast Michigan on Saturday.
Northwest flow will allow dew points to drop...providing some
relief from the high Heat Index values endured on previous days.
The relief is likely to be short-lived. On Sunday, an elongated
area of low pressure centered over the Montana/North Dakota border
pushes northward into Manitoba. Warm, moist air will be pulled
northward once again, generating another round of hot and muggy
with a potential for showers/thunderstorms, for both Sunday and
Monday. The good news, at least for the moment, is that once we
clear Monday, high pressure resumes and normal July temps follow
for the remainder of the extended period.
Light southerly winds will become moderate southwesterly late
tonight into Thursday night when there will be potential for a
severe thunderstorm complex to impact area waters. A weak pressure
gradient will sustain light winds through the remainder of the
weekend. However, there will still be a slight chance for
thunderstorms Friday and Saturday. More organized thunderstorm
activity will be possible again on Sunday.
A complex of thunderstorms is forecast to develop over the Northern
Great Lakes on Thursday afternoon. The storms will then dive south
during the evening and potentially impact Southeast Michigan late
Thursday night into early Friday morning. The potential exists for
basin wide averages of .50 inches or greater.
Issued at 1214 PM EDT Wed Jul 20 2016
Light south wind today will back slightly during the evening as lake
breeze encompasses the area. Wind remains solidly below 10 kts
all the while. VFR through the period.
For dtw...FEW or possibly SCT clouds around 5kft before moisture
mixes up/out. Generally dry column and increasing boundary layer
dewpoint depressions suggest virtually nil potential for actual
ceiling at 4-5kft.
//DTW Threshold Probabilities...
MI...Heat Advisory from 1 PM Thursday to 10 PM EDT Friday FOR MIZ047-048-
Lake St Clair...NONE.
Michigan waters of Lake Erie...NONE.
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