Climatological Report (Monthly)
Issued by NWS Marquette, MI

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000
CXUS53 KMQT 032126
CLMMQT

CLIMATE REPORT...PRELIMINARY
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MARQUETTE MI
425 PM EST THU MAR 3 2016

...................................

...THE MARQUETTE MI CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF FEBRUARY 2016...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1961 TO 2016

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH              61   02/17/1981
 LOW              -34   02/17/1979
HIGHEST            50   02/27        24      26       24  02/28
                                                          02/10
LOWEST            -22   02/14         5     -27      -28  02/23
AVG. MAXIMUM     25.9              25.6     0.3     11.8
AVG. MINIMUM     10.9               5.3     5.6     -6.9
MEAN             18.4              15.5     2.9      2.4
DAYS MAX >= 90      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MAX <= 32     24              20.6     3.4       28
DAYS MIN <= 32     29              27.6     1.4       28
DAYS MIN <= 0       6              10.2    -4.2       22

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM         5.35   2002
 MINIMUM         0.48   1994
TOTALS           2.66              2.14    0.52     1.67
DAILY AVG.       0.09                MM      MM     0.06
DAYS >= .01        18              13.1     4.9       16
DAYS >= .10        10               5.5     4.5        7
DAYS >= .50         2               1.0     1.0        0
DAYS >= 1.00        0               0.2    -0.2        0
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    0.85   02/02 TO 02/03

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL           91.9   2002
TOTALS           35.8              35.9    -0.1     40.7
SINCE 7/1       100.1             152.4   -52.3    154.0
SNOWDEPTH AVG.     22                MM      MM       31
DAYS >= 1.0        11               8.0     3.0       12
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH        25   02/18                         37  02/09
                        02/17
                        02/11
 24 HR TOTAL      8.3   02/02 TO 02/03

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL    1347              1433     -86     1747
 SINCE 7/1       5767              6670    -903     7311
COOLING TOTAL       0                 0       0        0
 SINCE 1/1          0                 0       0        0
.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              MM
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    MM        DATE   MM
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    39/270    DATE  02/19

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)   MM
AVERAGE SKY COVER             MM
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR          MM
NUMBER OF DAYS PC            MM
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY        MM

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     MM

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM              0     MIXED PRECIP               0
HEAVY RAIN                0     RAIN                       0
LIGHT RAIN                3     FREEZING RAIN              0
LT FREEZING RAIN          4     HAIL                       0
HEAVY SNOW                0     SNOW                       0
LIGHT SNOW               28     SLEET                      2
FOG                       3     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE      0
HAZE                      0

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

                          MARCH FORECAST

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING A GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF AN ABOVE NORMAL MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURE
DUE TO THE ONGOING STRONG EL NINO BUT EQUAL CHANCES OF ABOVE AND
BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY PRECIPITATION OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN
MARCH 2016.

                        MARCH CLIMATOLOGY

AS THE SUN CONTINUES ITS MARCH NORTHWARD DURING THE THIRD MONTH OF
THE YEAR...DAYLIGHT AND AVERAGE TEMPERATURES INCREASE STEADILY. THE
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE INCREASES FROM 666 MINUTES ON 3/1 TO 765 MINUTES
ON 3/31. ON 3/1...NORMAL MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM TEMPERATURES AT THE
MARQUETTE NWS ARE 30 AND 8...BUT REBOUND TO 40 AND 20 ON 3/31.
MONTHLY AVERAGE TEMPERATURES THROUGHOUT UPPER MICHIGAN ARE 8 TO 11
DEGREES HIGHER IN MARCH THAN FEBRUARY. REMEMBER TO TURN YOUR CLOCKS
AHEAD ONE HOUR AT 2 AM EST ON SUNDAY 3/13 AS MOST OF THE UNITED
STATES TRANSITIONS FROM STANDARD TIME TO DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME.
SPRING ARRIVES IN THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE THIS YEAR ON 3/20 AT 12:30
AM EDT.

SPRING OFTEN TEASES UPPER MICHIGAN RESIDENTS DURING MARCH WITH
RECORD HIGH TEMPERATURES REACHING WELL INTO THE 60S AND 70S COMMON
BY MONTH`S END. BUT IN MARCH 2012...UNPRECEDENTED WARMTH ARRIVED AT
MID-MONTH AS A SPRAWLING RIDGE OF HIGH PRESSURE DOMINATED THE GREAT
LAKES FOR ALMOST 3 WEEKS. MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURES ENDED UP 10 TO
16 DEGREES ABOVE THE LONG TERM AVERAGE...ENOUGH TO PLACE MARCH 2012
AS THE WARMEST THIRD MONTH ON RECORD ALMOST EVERYWHERE EXCEPT FOR
MANISTIQUE. DURING THE WARMEST STRETCH FROM 3/17 TO 3/21...MEAN
DAILY TEMPERATURES AVERAGED AN INCREDIBLE 35 TO 40 DEGREES ABOVE
NORMAL. MANY LOCATIONS REPORTED THE HIGHEST MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM
TEMPERATURE EVER OBSERVED IN MARCH DURING THIS WARM SPELL...
INCLUDING SOME DAYTIME HIGHS IN THE LOW 80S AND OVERNIGHT LOWS IN
THE 50S AND LOW 60S. HARVEY IN MARQUETTE COUNTY LOGGED THE HIGHEST
TEMPERATURE...AN INCREDIBLE 85 ON 3/21. SOME OF THESE DAYS WOULD
HAVE BEEN WARM BY MID-SUMMER STANDARDS. IN RECENT MEMORY...MARCH
2010...2000 AND 1995 WERE ALSO QUITE WARM AND AMONG THE TOP FIVE
WARMEST AT MANY SPOTS. THE EARLY ONSET OF 70- TO 75-DEGREE PLUS
TEMPERATURES BY 3/7 IN MARCH 2000 WAS ALMOST UNPRECEDENTED.

RECORD LOW SNOWFALL AT ALL LOCATIONS DURING MARCH IS AN INCH OR
LESS. MANY LOCATIONS SET THIS MONTHLY RECORD FOR LOW SNOWFALL IN THE
WARM AND DRY MARCH OF 2010. A STRONG EL NINO ALSO RESULTED IN VERY
LOW SNOW TOTALS IN MARCH 1973...WHEN EVEN NORMALLY SNOWY MUNISING
RECORDED A MEAGER 0.5 INCH OF THE WHITE STUFF.

BUT WINTER CAN ALSO SHOW ITS NASTY SIDE DURING MARCH. EVEN ON
3/31...RECORD LOW TEMPERATURES REACH BELOW ZERO AT MANY PLACES...
INCLUDING -17 AT IRONWOOD (3/31/75). DURING THE VERY COLD MARCH
1965...RECORD LOW TEMPERATURES AT THE MARQUETTE NWS DROPPED TO -20
AS LATE AS 3/24/65. ON 3/7/84...THE LOW TEMPERATURE AT IRONWOOD
PLUMMETED TO 34 BELOW ZERO. IN 2003...AN ARCTIC INVASION AT THE
BEGINNING OF THE MONTH DROPPED THE MERCURY AS LOW AS 42 BELOW ZERO
AT EWEN IN ONTONAGON COUNTY ON 3/3. MORE RECENTLY...MARCH 2014
FEATURED LENGTHY PERIODS DOMINATED BY ARCTIC AIRMASSES. THE MEAN
MONTHLY TEMPERATURE THEN RAN 9 TO 13 DEGREES BELOW THE LONG TERM
AVERAGE...EARNING THAT MONTH THE TITLE OF THE COLDEST MARCH ON
RECORD AT IRONWOOD...THE MARQUETTE NWS...MUNISING...MANISTIQUE AND
ONTONAGON AND AS ONE OF THE TOP FIVE COLDEST ELSEWHERE ACROSS UPPER
MICHIGAN.

ALTHOUGH LAKE EFFECT SNOW BECOMES LESS LIKELY DURING MARCH AS LAKE
SUPERIOR TEMPERATURES USUALLY REACH THEIR LOWEST READINGS AND ICE
COVER PEAKS...AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DURING MARCH IS MORE THAN DURING
FEBRUARY BECAUSE THE NORTHWARD MOVING JET STREAM BRINGS MORE
MOISTURE-LADEN LOW PRESSURE SYSTEMS TO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES. THIS
INCREASED STORMINESS RESULTS IN HIGHER AVERAGE SNOWFALL AT INLAND
LOCATIONS THAN IN FEBRUARY. THE AVERAGE MONTHLY SNOW AT IRON
MOUNTAIN DURING FEBRUARY IS 9.1 INCHES...BUT RISES TO 11.1 INCHES IN
MARCH. HEAVY SNOW CAN FALL WHEN LARGE STORM SYSTEMS FUELED BY THIS
ACTIVE MARCH JET STREAM PUSH NORTHEAST FROM THE PLAINS INTO THE
GREAT LAKES. IN FACT...THE SNOWIEST DAY EVER AT THE MARQUETTE NWS
WAS 3/14/97...WHEN A POTENT LOW PRESSURE CENTER MOVED THROUGH
WISCONSIN AND DUMPED 26.2 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF...PUSHING THE
SNOW DEPTH TO A RECORD 63 INCHES ON 3/15/97. SINCE THE EARLY WINTER
IN 2001-2002 WAS SO WARM AND LAKE SUPERIOR WATER TEMPERATURES WERE
WELL ABOVE NORMAL LATE IN THE WINTER...HEAVY LAKE EFFECT SNOW FELL
IN MARCH 2002 ONCE VERY COLD AIR PUSHED SOUTH AND CONTRIBUTED TO A
RECORD MARCH SNOWFALL AT THE MARQUETTE NWS (83.1 INCHES)...NEWBERRY
(66.9 INCHES)...AND IRONWOOD (60.8 INCHES). A TOTAL OF 63.5 INCHES
OF SNOW SMOTHERED THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT IN MARCH 1976. DURING
THAT SAME MARCH...60.6 INCHES ACCUMULATED AT THE MARQUETTE NWS.

               OUTLOOK FOR SPRING INTO EARLY SUMMER

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING A GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF AN ABOVE NORMAL 3-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE
AND BELOW NORMAL 3-MONTH PRECIPITATION OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN
APRIL THROUGH JUNE 2016. THESE FORECAST TEMPERATURE AND
PRECIPITATION ANOMALIES ARE DUE TO AN EXPECTED SLOWLY WEAKENING BUT
PERSISTENT EL NINO IN THE TROPICAL EASTERN PACIFIC OCEAN.

GO TO HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/CLIMATE/L3MTO.PHP TO ACCESS DETAILED
LOCAL THREE-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OUTLOOKS FOR A NUMBER OF SITES
IN UPPER MICHIGAN.

CHECK OUT HTTP://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT
THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER AND MORE LONG RANGE PREDICTIONS.

NOTE THAT STATISTICS FOR THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE IN
NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP ARE BASED ON RECORDS WHICH BEGAN IN OCTOBER 1961.
THIRTY YEAR NORMALS USED ARE FOR THE PERIOD OF 1981 THROUGH 2010.
NOTE ALL TEMPERATURES ARE IN FAHRENHEIT AND PRECIPITATION IS IN
INCHES. ALL CLIMATE DATA LISTED IN THIS PRODUCT ARE UNOFFICIAL. FOR
OFFICIAL DATA...PLEASE REFER TO THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER.
ALSO NOTE THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE DATA FROM CHIPPEWA AND
MACKINAC COUNTIES.

NWS MARQUETTE WEB PAGE IS AT HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/MQT (ALL LOWER
CASE). CONTACT THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER AT (828) 271-4800
OR WWW.NCDC.NOAA.GOV.

$$
KC



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