Climatological Report (Monthly)
Issued by NWS Marquette, MI

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000
CXUS53 KMQT 111708 AAC
CLMMQT

CLIMATE REPORT...PRELIMINARY
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MARQUETTE MI
1208 PM EST FRI DEC 11 2015

...................................

...THE MARQUETTE MI CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER 2015...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1961 TO 2015

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH              73   11/09/1999
 LOW              -13   11/29/1976
HIGHEST            67   11/03        35      32       50  11/03
LOWEST              5   11/27        22     -17       -4  11/27
                                                          11/26
                                                          11/20
AVG. MAXIMUM     44.8              37.6     7.2     28.9
AVG. MINIMUM     28.3              23.0     5.3     14.1
MEAN             36.5              30.3     6.2     21.5
DAYS MAX >= 90      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MAX <= 32      6               9.2    -3.2       18
DAYS MIN <= 32     20              25.8    -5.8       28
DAYS MIN <= 0       0               0.5    -0.5        6

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM         8.25   1988
 MINIMUM         0.81   1962
TOTALS           2.15              3.18   -1.03     5.22
DAILY AVG.       0.07              0.11   -0.04     0.17
DAYS >= .01        12              15.2    -3.2       19
DAYS >= .10         6               7.1    -1.1       10
DAYS >= .50         2               1.7     0.3        3
DAYS >= 1.00        0               0.5    -0.5        2
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    0.91   11/11 TO 11/12

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL           53.0   2014
TOTALS            6.7              24.4   -17.7     53.0
SINCE 7/1         7.9              30.5   -22.6     56.2
SNOWDEPTH AVG.      1                 4      -3       13
DAYS >= 1.0         2               6.3    -4.3       15
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH         4   11/28                         25  11/12
                        11/27
 24 HR TOTAL      4.1   11/26 TO 11/27

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL     846              1041    -195     1298
 SINCE 7/1       1832              2202    -370     2530
COOLING TOTAL       0                 0       0        0
 SINCE 1/1        250               242       8      152
.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              MM
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    MM        DATE   MM
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    43/180    DATE  11/18

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)   MM
AVERAGE SKY COVER             MM
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR          MM
NUMBER OF DAYS PC            MM
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY        MM

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     MM

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM              0     MIXED PRECIP               0
HEAVY RAIN                0     RAIN                       1
LIGHT RAIN               11     FREEZING RAIN              0
LT FREEZING RAIN          0     HAIL                       0
HEAVY SNOW                1     SNOW                       1
LIGHT SNOW               11     SLEET                      1
FOG                       8     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE      3
HAZE                      0

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

...NOVEMBER 2015 MONTHLY CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR UPPER MICHIGAN...
/THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE CHIPPEWA AND MACKINAC COUNTIES/

...VERY WARM...
...THIRD WARMEST NOVEMBER AT HOUGHTON...
...FOURTH WARMEST NOVEMBER AT THE MARQUETTE NWS...
...FIFTH WARMEST NOVEMBER AT NEWBERRY...
...SIXTH WARMEST NOVEMBER AT MARQUETTE CITY AND MUNISING...
...EIGHTH WARMEST NOVEMBER AT IRON MOUNTAIN...
...TENTH WARMEST NOVEMBER AT IRONWOOD AND MANISTIQUE...

...ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION AT MOST PLACES...
...EIGHTH HIGHEST NOVEMBER PRECIPITATION AT IRONWOOD...

...BELOW NORMAL SNOWFALL...
...FOURTH LOWEST NOVEMBER SNOWFALL AT THE MARQUETTE NWS
AND MARQUETTE CITY...
...NINTH LOWEST NOVEMBER SNOWFALL AT MANISTIQUE...

NOVEMBER CLIMATE STATISTICS FOR THE MARQUETTE NWS IN NEGAUNEE
 TOWNSHIP

                                    NORMAL   DEPARTURE
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE         36.5     30.3   PLUS    6.2
AVERAGE HIGH TEMPERATURE    44.8     37.6   PLUS    7.2
AVERAGE LOW TEMPERATURE     28.3     23.0   PLUS    5.3
HEATING DEGREE DAYS          846     1041  MINUS    195
COOLING DEGREE DAYS            0        0             0
TOTAL PRECIPITATION         2.15     3.18  MINUS   1.03
TOTAL SNOWFALL               6.7     24.4  MINUS   17.7

HIGHEST TEMPERATURE:                    67 ON 11/3
LOWEST TEMPERATURE:                      5 ON 11/27
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY PRECIPITATION:  0.83 ON 11/12
GREATEST 24 HOUR PRECIPITATION:       0.91 ON 11/11-11/12
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY SNOWFALL:        3.7 ON 11/26
GREATEST 24 HOUR SNOWFALL              4.1 ON 11/26-11/27
GREATEST SNOW DEPTH                      4 ON 11/27 AND 11/28
PEAK WIND SPEED:     43 MPH FROM THE SOUTH ON 11/18

DAILY RECORD HIGH MINIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 11/5...53 /OLD RECORD
                                                    51...2008/
DAILY RECORD HIGH MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE TIED ON 11/10...57 /57...2010/
DAILY RECORD HIGH MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 11/16...55 /54...1988/
DAILY RECORD HIGH MINIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 11/17...44 /43...2004/
DAILY RECORD HIGH MINIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 11/18...45 /38...2003/
FOURTH HIGHEST NOVEMBER MEAN TEMPERATURE...36.5 /RECORD 39.9...2001/
FOURTH LOWEST NOVEMBER SNOWFALL...6.7 /RECORD 2.5...1990/
---------------------------------------------------------------------
GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS (FEET/METERS ABOVE MEAN SEA LEVEL)

                            LAKE SUPERIOR  LAKE MICHIGAN-HURON
11/01/15 DAILY MEAN         602.29/183.58     579.24/176.55
11/30/15 DAILY MEAN         602.26/183.57     579.14/176.52
AVG OCT 2015 DAILY MEAN     602.37/183.60     579.33/176.58
AVG NOV 2014 DAILY MEAN     602.58/183.67     579.21/176.54
LONG TERM NOV DAILY MEAN    601.90/183.46     578.64/176.37
MAXIMUM NOV DAILY MEAN      603.31/183.89     581.96/177.38
                                (1985)           (1986)
MINIMUM NOV DAILY MEAN      600.43/183.01     576.28/175.65
                                (1925)           (1964)

...GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS FALL SLOWLY BUT REMAIN WELL ABOVE
NORMAL IN NOVEMBER...

WATER LEVELS ON THE WESTERN GREAT LAKES FELL ABOUT AN INCH DURING
OCTOBER. AT THE END OF THE MONTH...WATER LEVELS ON LAKE SUPERIOR
WERE 4 TO 5 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL BUT 3 TO 4 INCHES LOWER THAN IN
OCTOBER 2014. THE LEVEL ON LAKES MICHIGAN AND HURON WAS 6 INCHES
ABOVE AVERAGE ON 10/31 AND ABOUT THE SAME AS DURING NOVEMBER 2014.

OBTAIN GREAT LAKES WATER LEVEL DATA AS REPORTED BY THE U.S. ARMY
CORPS OF ENGINEERS AT

HTTP://WWW.LRE.USACE.ARMY.MIL/MISSIONS/GREATLAKESINFORMATION/
       GREATLAKESWATERLEVELS/CURRENTCONDITIONS.ASPX (ALL LOWER CASE).
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                      NOVEMBER CLIMATE HIGHLIGHTS

HIGHEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...72 AT STONINGTON IN DELTA COUNTY
                                ON 11/3

LOWEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...ZERO AT STAMBAUGH IN IRON COUNTY
                               ON 11/28

HIGHEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...40.8 DEGREES AT COPPER HARBOR

LOWEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...33.8 DEGREES AT HERMAN IN BARAGA COUNTY

HIGHEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...5.36 INCHES AT IRONWOOD

LOWEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...2.27 INCHES AT MARQUETTE CITY

HIGHEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...22.7 INCHES AT BERGLAND DAM IN ONTONAGON
                            COUNTY

LOWEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...0.3 INCH AT MANISTIQUE

GREATEST SNOW DEPTH...12 INCHES AT BERGLAND DAM ON 11/22

A WEST-TO-EAST FLOW OF PACIFIC AIR ASSOCIATED WITH AN ONGOING STRONG
EL NINO DOMINATED THE WEATHER MAP IN NOVEMBER 2015. ALTHOUGH SOME
COLDER AIR DID INVADE THE LAST 10 DAYS OF NOVEMBER WHEN AN UPPER
TROUGH TEMPORARILY DEEPENED ACROSS EASTERN NORTH AMERICA...THE
PREVALENCE OF MILD PACIFIC AIR MOST OF THE FIRST THREE WEEKS
RESULTED IN A MEAN MONTHLY TEMPERATURE BETWEEN ABOUT 34 AND 41
DEGREES...READINGS 4 TO 7 DEGREES ABOVE THE 30-YEAR NOVEMBER
AVERAGES. ALTHOUGH NOVEMBER TYPICALLY IS 12 TO 13 DEGREES COOLER
THAN OCTOBER...NOVEMBER WAS ONLY 6 TO 10 DEGREES COOLER THAN OCTOBER
IN 2015.

THE WARMEST PERIODS IN NOVEMBER WERE FROM 11/3 THROUGH 11/6...11/9
TO 11/11...AND 11/15 THROUGH 11/18. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES ON THESE
DAYS AVERAGED AT LEAST 10 TO 15 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL AND EVEN UP TO
20 TO 25 DEGREES ABOVE AVERAGE ON 11/5 AND 11/18. THE MERCURY ROSE
TO 60 OR HIGHER AT AT LEAST A COUPLE OF SPOTS ON MANY OF THESE DAYS.
READINGS EVEN REACHED 70 AT A FEW PLACES ON 11/3 AND 11/5...
INCLUDING THE MONTHLY HIGH OF 72 AT STONINGTON IN DELTA COUNTY ON
11/3. MANY OF THE NIGHTS WERE ANOMALOUSLY WARM AS WELL WITH LOW
TEMPERATURES HOLDING IN THE 40S AND EVEN THE 50S ON 11/5 AND A FEW
PLACES ON 11/18. THESE LOW TEMPERATURES WOULD HAVE BEEN NORMAL IN
THE MIDDLE OF SUMMER. THERE WERE NUMEROUS NEW DAILY RECORD HIGH
MINIMUM AND MAXIMUM TEMPERATURES ESTABLISHED DURING THESE
UNSEASONABLY WARM PERIODS DOMINATED BY PACIFIC AIRMASSES.

THE COLDEST AIRMASSES INVADED ON 11/20 INTO 11/23 AND ON 11/27 INTO
11/29...DAYS WHEN THE MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURE DIPPED TO AS MUCH AS 10
DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. THE THERMOMETER FELL AS LOW AS THE SINGLE
DIGITS ABOVE ZERO AT SOME OF THE COLDER INTERIOR LOCATIONS ON
11/22...11/23...11/28 AND 11/29. BUT THERE WERE NO SUB-ZERO MINIMUM
TEMPERATURES AT ANY REPORTING LOCATIONS IN NOVEMBER. STAMBAUGH IN
IRON COUNTY HAD THE LOWEST TEMPERATURE OF ZERO AT DAYBREAK ON 11/28.

PRECIPITATION TOTALS WERE MORE VARIABLE. IN GENERAL...MOST PLACES
AWAY FROM THE NORTH CENTRAL SAW ABOVE NORMAL NOVEMBER PRECIPITATION.
THE FAR WEST AROUND IRONWOOD PICKED UP OVER 5 INCHES OF WATER
EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION...AS MUCH AS 200 PERCENT OF THE MONTHLY
NORMAL. MUCH OF THIS PRECIPITATION FELL DURING THE PASSAGE OF A DEEP
LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM THROUGH THE NORTH CENTRAL GREAT LAKES ON 11/12.
IRONWOOD MEASURED 3.89 INCHES OF WATER EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION
DURING THIS EVENT...INCLUDING A NOVEMBER 24-HR PRECIPITATION RECORD
OF 2.45 INCHES ON 11/12.

SINCE THE NEAR ABSENCE OF ARCTIC AIR THE FIRST THREE WEEKS
SUPPRESSED LAKE EFFECT SNOWS DURING THAT TIME...MONTHLY SNOWFALL
ENDED UP WELL BELOW NORMAL ACROSS MOST OF THE ENTIRE AREA. THE
HEAVIEST NOVEMBER SNOW FELL OVER THE WEST...WHERE ENOUGH COLD AIR
WAS PRESENT TO CHANGE THE RAIN TO SNOW AS THE 11/12 LOW PRESSURE
SYSTEM MOVED TO THE EAST. THERE WAS SOME SIGNIFICANT LAKE EFFECT
SNOW UP TO ABOUT A FOOT IN SOME OF THE NORTHWEST WIND SNOW BELTS ON
11/21 INTO 11/22 AS WELL...BUT THE PERSISTENT...MODERATE TO HEAVY
LAKE EFFECT SNOWS THAT OFTEN OCCUR DURING THE ELEVENTH MONTH WERE
MOSTLY ABSENT IN 2015. ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE WEST...
WHICH SAW THE MOST SNOW DURING THE 11/12-11/13 EVENT AND THE LOCALLY
HEAVY LAKE EFFECT SNOW ON 11/21 INTO 11/22...18 TO NEARLY 24 INCHES
OF SNOW FELL DURING THE MONTH IN A FEW SPOTS...ESPECIALLY OVER THE
PORCUPINE MOUNTAINS. BUT LOCATIONS OVER THE SOUTHEAST UPPER
PENINSULA NEAR LAKE MICHIGAN PICKED UP LESS THAN AN INCH OF THE
WHITE STUFF...WITH ONLY A PALTRY 0.3 INCH FALLING AT MANISTIQUE.

THE MOST SIGNIFICANT PRECIPITATION EVENT OF THE MONTH ACCOMPANIED
THE PASSAGE OF A DEEP LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM THROUGH THE NORTH CENTRAL
GREAT LAKES ON 11/12. RAIN AHEAD OF THIS DISTURBANCE ARRIVED LATE ON
11/11 AND THEN FELL HEAVY AT TIMES THROUGH 11/12. NORTHWEST WINDS
GUSTING UP TO 35 MPH DREW ENOUGH COLD AIR IN BEHIND THE LOW MOVING
INTO ONTARIO TO CHANGE THE RAIN TO SNOW OVER MAINLY WEST AND NORTH
CENTRAL DURING THE NIGHT ON 11/12-11/13. BY THE TIME TRAILING HIGH
PRESSURE ARRIVED DURING THE EVENING ON 11/13 AND ENDED THE
PRECIPITATION...AS MUCH AS 4 TO 10 INCHES OF SNOW HAD ACCUMULATED
OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE NORTHWEST HALF. BERGLAND DAM IN
ONTONAGON COUNTY REPORTED THE MOST SNOW WITH AN EVEN 10 INCHES.
PRECIPITATION TOTALS DURING THIS EVENT EXCEEDED AN INCH ALMOST
EVERYWHERE AND EVEN TOPPED THE 2-INCH MARK A COUPLE PLACES ACROSS
THE WEST. IN ADDITION TO THE 3.89 INCHES THAT FELL AT IRONWOOD...
SOME OTHER NOTABLE PRECIPITATION REPORTS INCLUDED 2.35 INCHES AT
BERGLAND DAM...2.08 INCHES AT ATLANTIC MINE IN HOUGHTON COUNTY AND
2.03 INCHES AT MOHAWK IN KEWEENAW COUNTY.

AN INTENSE LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM DEVELOPING UNDER A DEEPENING UPPER
TROUGH IN CENTRAL NORTH AMERICA PASSED THROUGH THE WESTERN GREAT
LAKES EARLY ON 11/19. THE STRONG SOUTH WINDS AHEAD OF THIS LOW THAT
WERE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE ANOMALOUS WARMTH ON THE DAYS BEFORE 11/19
GUSTED OVER 40 MPH AT MANY PLACES ON 11/18 AND AS HIGH AS 50 MPH AT
PEQUAMING IN BARAGA COUNTY. AFTER THE LOW MOVED INTO ONTARIO ON
11/19...GUSTY WEST WINDS DREW COLDER AIR INTO THE AREA...RESULTING
IN SOME MODERATE LAKE EFFECT SNOWS UP TO 3 TO 4 INCHES THROUGH 11/20
OVER THE KEWEENAW...WHERE WIND GUSTS AS HIGH AS 45 TO 55 MPH CAUSED
EXTENSIVE BLOWING SNOW. RAINFALL ASSOCIATED WITH THE PASSAGE OF THE
LOW AND COLD FRONT ON 11/18 INTO 11/19 WAS AS GREAT AS 0.50 TO 0.75
INCH OVER THE SOUTHEAST.

THE ARRIVAL OF SOME DEEPER MOISTURE AND COLDER AIR IN TANDEM WITH AN
APPROACHING DISTURBANCE RESULTED IN SOME MODERATE TO LOCALLY HEAVY
LAKE EFFECT SNOW IN THE NORTHWEST WIND SNOW BELTS ON 11/21 INTO
11/22. SNOWFALL OF 4 TO 8 INCHES WAS COMMON IN THE NORTHWEST WIND
SNOW BELTS...WITH AS MUCH AS 12 INCHES FALLING AT BERGLAND DAM OVER
THE WEST AND 9 INCHES NEAR MUNISING TO THE EAST.

A LOW PRESSURE WAVE MOVING EAST ALONG A PASSING COLD FRONT ON 11/26
RESULTED IN A WIDESPREAD MODERATE PRECIPITATION EVENT ON
THANKSGIVING. DRIZZLE AND FOG IN THE MORNING GAVE WAY TO A
WIDESPREAD RAIN AHEAD OF THE APPROACHING LOW. OVER THE NORTHWEST
HALF OF UPPER MICHIGAN...ENOUGH COLD AIR FOLLOWED THE FRONTAL
PASSAGE TO CHANGE THE RAIN TO SNOW. BY THE TIME THE PRECIPITATION
DIMINISHED TO SNOW SHOWERS BY EARLY ON 11/27...MANY LOCATIONS OVER
THE NORTHWEST HALF SAW 2 TO 4 INCHES OF WET SNOW. ACROSS THE
SOUTHEAST HALF...THE PRECIPITATION FELL MAINLY AS RAIN...SO ANY SNOW
ACCUMULATION THERE WAS UNDER AN INCH. AS MUCH AS 0.67 INCH OF RAIN
FELL AT MUNISING.
---------------------------------------------------------------------
  ...SEPTEMBER THROUGH NOVEMBER CLIMATE STATS FOR UPPER MICHIGAN...

...TOP FIVE WARMEST AT MOST PLACES WITH WELL BELOW NORMAL SNOWFALL...

                         AVERAGE TEMPERATURE

               OBSERVED NORMAL DEPARTURE   RECORD         RANK

NEWBERRY         49.6    44.0    +5.6    49.2 /1998/ RECORD WARMEST

MARQUETTE NWS    47.2    43.1    +4.1    47.3 /1963/    2ND WARMEST

HOUGHTON         48.7    43.4    +5.4    50.2 /1931/    3RD WARMEST

IRON MOUNTAIN    49.4    44.9    +4.5    51.7 /1931/    3RD WARMEST

MARQUETTE CITY   50.8    47.2    +3.6    53.5 /1931/    4TH WARMEST

MANISTIQUE       49.0    45.7    +3.3    51.2 /1947/    4TH WARMEST

MUNISING         48.9    45.6    +3.3    50.5 /1963/    4TH WARMEST

IRONWOOD         47.4    43.0    +4.4    50.7 /1931&63/ 6TH WARMEST


                            PRECIPITATION

               OBSERVED NORMAL DEPARTURE   RECORD        RANK

MARQUETTE NWS    6.69   10.74    -4.05   4.82 /1976/   4TH LOWEST

MUNISING         9.85   12.04    -2.19   6.42 /1963/     ****

MARQUETTE CITY   6.80    8.91    -2.11   4.19 /1999/     ****

HOUGHTON         7.13    8.57    -1.44   4.39 /1952/     ****

NEWBERRY        10.05   10.34    -0.29   4.49 /1903/     ****

IRON MOUNTAIN    8.77    8.70    +0.07  14.14 /1985/     ****

MANISTIQUE       9.79    9.24    +0.55  14.56 /1965/     ****

IRONWOOD        13.93   10.74    +3.19  18.49 /1926/  9TH HIGHEST


                               SNOWFALL

               OBSERVED NORMAL DEPARTURE   RECORD        RANK

MARQUETTE NWS     7.9    30.5    -22.6    6.6 /2009/   2ND LOWEST

MUNISING          6.1    23.6    -17.5  TRACE /2009/   6TH LOWEST

NEWBERRY          6.2    15.3     -9.1    0.0 /1948/  11TH LOWEST

MANISTIQUE        0.8     4.7     -3.9  TRACE /2009/  11TH LOWEST

MARQUETTE CITY    3.5    11.9     -8.4  TRACE /2006/  13TH LOWEST

IRON MOUNTAIN     2.0     6.2     -4.2  TRACE /1999/  14TH LOWEST

IRONWOOD         12.4    31.3    -18.9    3.5 /1984/  18TH LOWEST

HOUGHTON         11.7    27.1    -15.4    1.2 /1928/  21ST LOWEST

**** RANK NOT IN TOP 25
---------------------------------------------------------------------
SOME OTHER TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION OBSERVATIONS ACROSS UPPER
MICHIGAN IN NOVEMBER 2015 INCLUDE:

IRONWOOD...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 35.9 (6.1 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 5.36 INCHES /2.66 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL/
           SNOWFALL 12.4 INCHES /12.1 INCHES BELOW NORMAL/

WATERSMEET (GOGEBIC COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 3.71 INCHES
                              SNOWFALL 4.7 INCHES

ONTONAGON...SNOWFALL 6.9 INCHES


GREENLAND (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 38.8 DEGREES
                               PRECIPITATION 3.35 INCHES
                               SNOWFALL 7.9 INCHES

BERGLAND DAM (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...SNOWFALL 22.7 INCHES

HOUGHTON COUNTY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 38.1 /6.7 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
 AIRPORT          PRECIPITATION 2.99 INCHES /0.86 INCH ABOVE NORMAL/
                  SNOWFALL 11.7 INCHES /10.5 INCHES BELOW NORMAL/

ATLANTIC MINE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 4.33 INCHES
                                  SNOWFALL 17.5 INCHES

AHMEEK (KEWEENAW COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 38.6 DEGREES
                           PRECIPITATION 3.61 INCHES
                           SNOWFALL 11.3 INCHES

COPPER HARBOR...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 40.8 DEGREES

JACOBSVILLE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 37.2 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 2.90 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 8.6 INCHES

BARAGA...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 37.5 DEGREES
         PRECIPITATION 2.34 INCHES
         SNOWFALL 7.4 INCHES

HERMAN (BARAGA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 33.8 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 3.32 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 11.6 INCHES

CLARKSBURG (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 33.9 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 2.33 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 3.4 INCHES

BIG BAY (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 2.54 INCHES
                             SNOWFALL 7.7 INCHES

MARQUETTE CITY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 40.3 /5.5 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
                 PRECIPITATION 2.27 INCHES /0.35 INCH BELOW NORMAL/
                 SNOWFALL 1.0 INCH /9.9 INCHES BELOW NORMAL/

CHATHAM (ALGER COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 38.1 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 3.41 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 6.9 INCHES

MUNISING...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 38.5 /4.5 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
           PRECIPITATION 4.54 INCHES /0.80 INCH BELOW NORMAL/
           SNOWFALL 6.0 INCHES /7.0 INCHES BELOW NORMAL/

NEWBERRY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 39.8 /5.9 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
           PRECIPITATION 3.34 INCHES /0.38 INCH ABOVE NORMAL/
           SNOWFALL 5.0 INCHES /9.1 INCHES BELOW NORMAL/

STAMBAUGH (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 34.1 DEGREES
                          PRECIPITATION 2.59 INCHES
                          SNOWFALL 3.7 INCHES

AMASA (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 34.2 DEGREES
                      PRECIPITATION 2.58 INCHES
                      SNOWFALL 3.1 INCHES

FORD AIRPORT...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 37.2 DEGREES
 NEAR IRON MOUNTAIN

IRON MOUNTAIN...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 37.7 /5.7 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
                PRECIPITATION 2.89 INCHES /0.95 INCH ABOVE NORMAL/
                SNOWFALL 2.0 INCHES /3.9 INCHES BELOW NORMAL/

NORWAY (DICKINSON COUNTY)...SNOWFALL 1.8 INCHES

DAGGETT (MENOMINEE COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 3.41 INCHES

MENOMINEE...PRECIPITATION 2.72 INCHES
            SNOWFALL 0.4 INCH

ESCANABA...SNOWFALL 0.6 INCH

GLADSTONE (DELTA COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 3.80 INCHES
                           SNOWFALL 0.8 INCH

GARDEN CORNERS (DELTA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 38.7 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 3.70 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 0.4 INCH

COOKS (SCHOOLCRAFT COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 4.17 INCHES
                             SNOWFALL 0.7 INCH

MANISTIQUE...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 38.6 /4.2 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
             PRECIPITATION 3.89 INCHES /1.42 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL/
             SNOWFALL 0.3 INCH /4.2 INCHES BELOW NORMAL/

                          DECEMBER FORECAST

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING A GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF AN ABOVE NORMAL MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURE
AND BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY PRECIPITATION OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN
DECEMBER 2015.

                         DECEMBER CLIMATOLOGY

TEMPERATURES CONTINUE THEIR DOWNWARD SLIDE IN DECEMBER AS WINTER
ARRIVES IN THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE.  AVERAGE MONTHLY TEMPERATURES IN
DECEMBER ACROSS UPPER MICHIGAN ARE AS MUCH AS 12 DEGREES LOWER THAN
IN NOVEMBER AS TOTAL POSSIBLE SUNSHINE DECLINES TO 514 MINUTES
AROUND THE WINTER SOLSTICE. WINTER OFFICIALLY BEGINS THIS YEAR AT
11:48 PM EST ON 12/21. ON THAT DAY...THE SUN RISES TO ONLY ABOUT 20
DEGREES ABOVE THE SOUTHERN HORIZON AT LOCAL NOON IN UPPER MICHIGAN.

ARCTIC INVASIONS ARE COMMON ACROSS THE NORTHWEST GREAT LAKES IN
DECEMBER...RESULTING IN CONSIDERABLE CLOUD COVER AND LAKE EFFECT
SNOW. AS THE COLD AIR PASSES OVER THE RELATIVELY WARM WATERS OF LAKE
SUPERIOR...THE AIRMASS BECOMES INCREASINGLY UNSTABLE. THE RESULT IS
A GREATER FREQUENCY OF LOW CLOUD AND SNOW SHOWERS...WHICH ARE
TYPICALLY HEAVIER AND MORE WIDESPREAD OVER HIGHER TERRAIN JUST
DOWNWIND OF LAKE SUPERIOR. THE LOCATION OF MAXIMUM SNOWFALL IS VERY
DEPENDENT ON THE LOW LEVEL WIND DIRECTION BECAUSE THE LONGEST WIND
FETCH ACROSS THE WATER RESULTS IN GREATEST DESTABILIZATION. A WEST
WIND FAVORS THE KEWEENAW PENINSULA; A NORTHWEST WIND USUALLY RESULTS
IN HEAVIER SNOW AROUND ONTONAGON AND IN ALGER AND LUCE COUNTIES; AND
A NORTH TO NORTHEAST WIND CAUSES THE HEAVIEST SNOW AROUND IRONWOOD
AND IN THE NORTH CENTRAL HIGHLANDS OF BARAGA AND MARQUETTE COUNTIES.
ALTHOUGH LARGE SCALE STORM SYSTEMS THAT TYPICALLY MOVE NORTHEAST
FROM THE PLAINS STATES INTO THE GREAT LAKES CAN ALSO BRING HEAVY
SNOW TO INLAND LOCATIONS...AVERAGE DECEMBER PRECIPITATION IS QUITE A
BIT LESS AWAY FROM LAKE SUPERIOR.  FOR INSTANCE...THE HOUGHTON
COUNTY AIRPORT PICKS UP 52.9 INCHES OF SNOW AND 3.25 INCHES OF
LIQUID EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION DURING A TYPICAL DECEMBER. IRON
MOUNTAIN WILL RECEIVE ONLY 14.7 INCHES OF SNOW AND 1.48 INCHES OF
LIQUID EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION ON AVERAGE. THE HOUGHTON COUNTY
AIRPORT WAS BURIED UNDER 119 INCHES OF SNOW IN DECEMBER 1978. RECORD
SNOWS AT INLAND LOCATIONS ARE CLOSER TO 36 INCHES. IN MORE RECENT
YEARS...HEAVY SNOW FELL IN DECEMBER IN 2008...2000...1996 AND 1995
AT MANY LOCATIONS. ROCKLAND IN ONTONAGON COUNTY MEASURED 127 INCHES
OF THE WHITE STUFF IN DECEMBER 2000. IN DECEMBER 2008...TWIN LAKES
IN HOUGHTON COUNTY LOGGED ALMOST 106 INCHES.

ALTHOUGH LAKE SUPERIOR OFTEN MODERATES THE CHILL OF THE ARCTIC
AIR...BELOW ZERO READINGS ARE COMMON DURING THE TWELFTH MONTH.
RECORD LOW TEMPERATURES ARE AS LOW AS 36 BELOW ZERO AT IRONWOOD...
OBSERVED DURING A BRUTAL COLD SNAP IN MID DECEMBER 1983 THAT ALSO
DROPPED THE TEMPERATURE TO A MONTHLY RECORD 28 BELOW ZERO AT THE
MARQUETTE NWS. THE LOWEST TEMPERATURES RECORDED AT MANY LOCATIONS IN
UPPER MICHIGAN OCCURRED DURING AN ARCTIC OUTBREAK AT THE END OF
DECEMBER 1976...INCLUDING 26 BELOW ZERO AT IRON MOUNTAIN...25 BELOW
ZERO AT MANISTIQUE...21 BELOW ZERO AT MUNISING AND 15 BELOW ZERO AT
THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT. DECEMBER 1985 AND DECEMBER 1989 ALSO
SAW FREQUENT ARCTIC INVASIONS WITH MONTHLY TEMPERATURES AVERAGING AS
MUCH 10 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. A COLD WAVE ARRIVED IN DECEMBER 2004
JUST BEFORE CHRISTMAS. MORNING LOWS ON CHRISTMAS DAY THAT YEAR FELL
AS LOW AS 34 BELOW ZERO AT CHAMPION IN MARQUETTE COUNTY. MORE
RECENTLY...DECEMBER 2013 FEATURED VERY COLD WEATHER MOST OF THE TIME
AND A MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURE THAT ENDED UP BETWEEN 6 AND 10 DEGREES
BELOW NORMAL. IN FACT...DECEMBER 2013 GOES DOWN IN THE RECORD BOOKS
AMONG THE TOP 10 COLDEST ACROSS UPPER MICHIGAN.

DECEMBER 1994 GOES DOWN IN THE RECORD BOOKS AS ONE OF THE WARMEST
AND LEAST SNOWY IN UPPER MICHIGAN HISTORY WITH TEMPERATURES AS MUCH
AS 10 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL AND MANY PLACES PICKING UP LESS THAN 10
INCHES OF TOTAL SNOW. THE MARQUETTE NWS AND NEWBERRY ALL OBSERVED
THEIR WARMEST DECEMBER EVER. ALTHOUGH BROWN CHRISTMASES ARE RARE IN
UPPER MICHIGAN (BEFORE 1994 DOWNTOWN MARQUETTE OBSERVED A BROWN
CHRISTMAS IN 1923...1931... 1941...1946...1957 AND 1982)...MANY
LOCATIONS THAT YEAR HAD LITTLE IF ANY SNOW ON THE GROUND TO GREET
SANTA CLAUS. TEMPERATURES ON CHRISTMAS EVE AND CHRISTMAS DAY IN 1994
WERE NEAR 50 OR EVEN HIGHER AT IRONWOOD...IRON MOUNTAIN... NEWBERRY
AND MARQUETTE. MANY RECENT DECEMBERS HAVE ALSO BEEN ON THE MILD
SIDE. IN DECEMBER 2006...MONTHLY TEMPERATURES AVERAGED 5 TO 8
DEGREES ABOVE THE MEAN ACROSS UPPER MICHIGAN...AND THE MONTH ENDED
UP AS THE WARMEST DECEMBER ON RECORD AT THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT.
SINCE SNOWFALL OVER MUCH OF UPPER MICHIGAN WAS ALSO BELOW NORMAL...
MANY AREAS EAST OF CRYSTAL FALLS AND THE HURON MOUNTAINS SAW A BROWN
CHRISTMAS IN 2006. DECEMBER 2001 WAS THE WARMEST ON RECORD AT
MUNISING...MANISTIQUE...AND ONTONAGON. ON 12/5/2001...RARE DECEMBER
SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS FORMED IN A RECORD WARM AIRMASS AHEAD OF A COLD
FRONT AND PUMMELED IRON AND DICKINSON COUNTIES WITH LARGE HAIL. IRON
MOUNTAIN RECORDED ITS WARMEST DECEMBER IN 1997. THE FIRST SEVERAL
DAYS OF DECEMBER 1998 FEATURED RECORD WARMTH. MONTHLY RECORD HIGH
TEMPERATURES WERE SET AT IRON MOUNTAIN (64 ON 12/4)...IRONWOOD (59
ON 12/4)...MANISTIQUE (59 ON 12/1) AND THE MARQUETTE NWS (59 ON
12/3). BUT THE ARRIVAL OF COLDER AIR AND HEAVY SNOW THE LAST HALF OF
DECEMBER 1998 PREVENTED THE MONTH FROM GOING DOWN AS ONE OF THE
WARMEST ON RECORD. ALTHOUGH DECEMBER 2002 STARTED ON A COLD
NOTE...TEMPERATURES THE LAST THREE WEEKS OF THE MONTH AVERAGED 10
DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL. MANY PLACES NOT IMPACTED BY LAKE EFFECT SNOW
HAD A BROWN CHRISTMAS IN 2002.

                OUTLOOK FOR WINTER INTO EARLY SPRING

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING A GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF AN ABOVE NORMAL 3-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE
AND BELOW NORMAL 3-MONTH PRECIPITATION OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN
JANUARY THROUGH MARCH 2016. THESE FORECAST TEMPERATURE AND
PRECIPITATION ANOMALIES ARE DUE TO A PERSISTENT EL NINO IN THE
TROPICAL EASTERN PACIFIC OCEAN.

GO TO HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/CLIMATE/L3MTO.PHP TO ACCESS DETAILED
LOCAL THREE-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OUTLOOKS FOR A NUMBER OF SITES
IN UPPER MICHIGAN.

CHECK OUT HTTP://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT
THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER AND MORE LONG RANGE PREDICTIONS.

NOTE THAT STATISTICS FOR THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE IN
NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP ARE BASED ON RECORDS WHICH BEGAN IN OCTOBER 1961.
THIRTY YEAR NORMALS USED ARE FOR THE PERIOD OF 1981 THROUGH 2010.
NOTE ALL TEMPERATURES ARE IN FAHRENHEIT AND PRECIPITATION IS IN
INCHES. ALL CLIMATE DATA LISTED IN THIS PRODUCT ARE UNOFFICIAL. FOR
OFFICIAL DATA...PLEASE REFER TO THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER.
ALSO NOTE THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE DATA FROM CHIPPEWA AND
MACKINAC COUNTIES.

NWS MARQUETTE WEB PAGE IS AT HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/MQT (ALL LOWER
CASE). CONTACT THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER AT (828) 271-4800
OR WWW.NCDC.NOAA.GOV.

$$

KC



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