Climatological Report (Monthly)
Issued by NWS Marquette, MI

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000
CXUS53 KMQT 131029 CCA
CLMMQT

CLIMATE REPORT...PRELIMINARY
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MARQUETTE MI
530 AM EST SAT FEB 13 2016

...................................

...THE MARQUETTE MI CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF JANUARY 2016...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1961 TO 2016

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH              53   01/26/1973
 LOW              -32   01/09/1977
HIGHEST            45   01/30        20      25       34  01/23
LOWEST             -8   01/13         3     -11      -16  01/05
AVG. MAXIMUM     23.0              21.9     1.1     18.9
AVG. MINIMUM     11.2               5.2     6.0      3.0
MEAN             17.1              13.6     3.5     11.0
DAYS MAX >= 90      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MAX <= 32     26              26.3    -0.3       29
DAYS MIN <= 32     31              31.0     0.0       31
DAYS MIN <= 0       5              10.5    -5.5       14

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM         6.61   1997
 MINIMUM         0.61   1965
TOTALS           1.96              2.41   -0.45     1.25
DAILY AVG.       0.06              0.08   -0.02     0.04
DAYS >= .01        21              17.3     3.7       19
DAYS >= .10         8               7.1     0.9        4
DAYS >= .50         0               0.9    -0.9        0
DAYS >= 1.00        0               0.2    -0.2        0
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    0.38   01/25 TO 01/26

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL           91.7   1997
TOTALS           37.5              43.2    -5.7     30.1
SINCE 7/1        64.3             116.5   -52.2    113.3
SNOWDEPTH AVG.     11                19      -8       23
DAYS >= 1.0        13              11.6     1.4       13
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH        20   01/29                         26  01/31
                                                          01/20
 24 HR TOTAL      7.0   01/03 TO 01/04

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL    1478              1595    -117     1669
 SINCE 7/1       4420              5237    -817     5564
COOLING TOTAL       0                 0       0        0
 SINCE 1/1          0                 0       0        0
.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              MM
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    MM        DATE   MM
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    38/270    DATE  01/05
                                38/225          01/27

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)   MM
AVERAGE SKY COVER             MM
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR          MM
NUMBER OF DAYS PC            MM
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY        MM

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     MM

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM              0     MIXED PRECIP               0
HEAVY RAIN                0     RAIN                       0
LIGHT RAIN                1     FREEZING RAIN              0
LT FREEZING RAIN          8     HAIL                       0
HEAVY SNOW                0     SNOW                       6
LIGHT SNOW               28     SLEET                      1
FOG                       4     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE      0
HAZE                      0

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

...JANUARY 2016 MONTHLY CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR UPPER MICHIGAN...
/THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE CHIPPEWA AND MACKINAC COUNTIES/

...WARM AGAIN BUT NOT AS EXTREME AS IN DECEMBER...

...BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL INLAND TO NEAR OR
ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR...
...FOURTH HIGHEST JANUARY SNOWFALL AT MUNISING...
...NINTH HIGHEST JANUARY SNOWFALL AT NEWBERRY...

DECEMBER CLIMATE STATISTICS FOR THE MARQUETTE NWS IN NEGAUNEE
TOWNSHIP

                                    NORMAL   DEPARTURE
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE         17.1     13.6   PLUS    3.5
AVERAGE HIGH TEMPERATURE    23.0     21.9   PLUS    1.1
AVERAGE LOW TEMPERATURE     11.2      5.2   PLUS    6.0
HEATING DEGREE DAYS         1478     1595  MINUS    117
COOLING DEGREE DAYS            0        0             0
TOTAL PRECIPITATION         1.96     2.41  MINUS   0.45
TOTAL SNOWFALL              37.5     43.2  MINUS    5.7

HIGHEST TEMPERATURE:                    45 ON 1/31
LOWEST TEMPERATURE:                     -8 ON 1/13
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY PRECIPITATION:  0.34 ON 1/26
GREATEST 24 HOUR PRECIPITATION:       0.38 ON 1/25-1/26
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY SNOWFALL:        5.8 ON 1/28
GREATEST 24 HOUR SNOWFALL              7.0 ON 1/3-1/4
GREATEST SNOW DEPTH                     20 ON 1/29
PEAK WIND SPEED:      38 MPH FROM THE WEST ON 1/2 AND
                 38 MPH FROM THE SOUTHWEST ON 1/27

DAILY RECORD HIGH MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 1/30...45 /OLD RECORD
                                                    41...1989/
---------------------------------------------------------------------
GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS (FEET/METERS ABOVE MEAN SEA LEVEL)

                            LAKE SUPERIOR  LAKE MICHIGAN-HURON
1/01/16 DAILY MEAN          602.30/183.58     579.40/176.60
1/31/16 DAILY MEAN          602.09/183.52     579.23/176.55
AVG DEC 2015 DAILY MEAN     602.32/183.59     579.24/176.55
AVG JAN 2015 DAILY MEAN     602.16/183.54     579.11/176.51
LONG TERM JAN DAILY MEAN    601.44/183.32     578.38/176.29
MAXIMUM JAN DAILY MEAN      602.69/183.70     581.30/177.18
                                (1986)           (1987)
MINIMUM JAN DAILY MEAN      599.84/182.83     576.02/175.57
                                (1926)           (2013)

...GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS FALL SLOWLY BUT REMAIN WELL ABOVE
NORMAL IN JANUARY...

AS IS TYPICAL...GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS FELL DURING JANUARY 2016.
BUT DUE TO RUNOFF FROM SOME HEAVY RAIN AT THE END OF 2015...WATER
LEVELS ACROSS THE WESTERN GREAT LAKES REMAINED ABOVE NORMAL. AT THE
END OF JANUARY...WATER LEVELS ON LAKE SUPERIOR WERE 7 TO 8 INCHES
ABOVE NORMAL AND WITHIN AN INCH OF THE LEVEL OBSERVED IN JANUARY
2015. THE LEVEL ON LAKES MICHIGAN AND HURON WAS ABOUT 10 INCHES
ABOVE AVERAGE ON 1/31 AND 1 TO 2 INCHES HIGHER THAN IN JANUARY 2015.

OBTAIN GREAT LAKES WATER LEVEL DATA AS REPORTED BY THE U.S. ARMY
CORPS OF ENGINEERS AT

HTTP://WWW.LRE.USACE.ARMY.MIL/MISSIONS/GREATLAKESINFORMATION/
       GREATLAKESWATERLEVELS/CURRENTCONDITIONS.ASPX (ALL LOWER CASE).
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                       JANUARY CLIMATE HIGHLIGHTS

HIGHEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...51 AT BIG BAY IN MARQUETTE COUNTY
                                ON 1/30

LOWEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...-27 AT STAMBAUGH IN IRON COUNTY ON 1/29

HIGHEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...23.3 DEGREES AT COPPER HARBOR

LOWEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...12.1 DEGREES AT STAMBAUGH IN IRON COUNTY

HIGHEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...4.41 INCHES AT ATLANTIC MINE
                                 IN HOUGHTON COUNTY

LOWEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...0.74 INCH AT IRON MOUNTAIN

HIGHEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...91.6 INCHES AT PAINESDALE IN HOUGHTON
                            COUNTY

LOWEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...3.9 INCHES AT MENOMINEE

GREATEST SNOW DEPTH...37 INCHES AT ATLANTIC MINE

LOWEST SNOW DEPTH...1 INCH AT MANISTIQUE ON 1/9

A WEST-TO-EAST FLOW OF MILD PACIFIC AIR ASSOCIATED WITH AN ONGOING
STRONG EL NINO IN THE TROPICAL PACIFIC OCEAN DOMINATED THE UNITED
STATES MUCH OF THE TIME IN JANUARY 2016...RESULTING IN A THIRD
CONSECUTIVE MONTH THAT FEATURED WELL ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES IN
THE UPPER GREAT LAKES. BUT SINCE THIS ZONAL FLOW DID GIVE WAY TO A
DEEP TROUGH OVER EAST CENTRAL NORTH AMERICA AT MID MONTH THAT
ALLOWED INFLUXES OF ARCTIC AIR INTO THE GREAT LAKES...THE POSITIVE
MEAN MONTHLY TEMPERATURE ANOMALY WAS NOT AS SIGNIFICANT AS THE
RECORD VALUES REPORTED IN DECEMBER. THE JANUARY 2016 MEAN
TEMPERATURE RANGED FROM NEAR 12 DEGREES OVER THE INTERIOR WEST HALF
OF UPPER MICHIGAN TO ABOUT 23 DEGREES ALONG THE WARMING INFLUENCE OF
LAKE SUPERIOR AT COPPER HARBOR...READINGS THAT ARE ABOUT 2 TO 4
DEGREES ABOVE THE JANUARY NORMAL BUT 10 TO AS MUCH AS 16 DEGREES
LOWER THAN THE DECEMBER 2015 AVERAGES.

THE WARMEST PERIODS DURING JANUARY OCCURRED AT TIMES DURING THE
FIRST 9 DAYS AND LAST 10 DAYS OF THE MONTH. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES
RAN 10 TO AS MUCH AS 20 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL ON SOME OF THESE DAYS.
AT SOME PLACES...THE MERCURY NEVER FELL BELOW FREEZING AS A LOW
PRESSURE SYSTEM AND LOTS OF CLOUDS PASSED THROUGH THE UPPER LAKES
DURING THE NIGHTS ON 1/7-1/8 AND 1/8-1/9...RESULTING IN SOME JANUARY
RAIN INSTEAD OF SNOW OVER AT LEAST PORTIONS OF THE SOUTHEAST HALF.
THE WARMEST WEATHER OF JANUARY OCCURRED AT THE END OF THE MONTH.
MOST PLACES SAW THE MERCURY SURGE INTO THE 40S WITH SOME AFTERNOON
SUNSHINE ON 1/30. BIG BAY IN MARQUETTE COUNTY REPORTED THE MONTHLY
HIGH OF 51 THAT AFTERNOON. SOME PLACES ALSO HAD HIGH TEMPERATURES IN
THE 40S ON 1/31.

AS THE UPPER TROUGH DEEPENED INTO THE GREAT LAKES FOLLOWED THE
PASSAGE OF THE LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM RESPONSIBLE FOR THE RAIN INTO
1/9...MOST DAYS FROM 1/10 INTO 1/21 FEATURED COLDER-THAN-NORMAL
WEATHER AND FREQUENT LAKE EFFECT OR LAKE ENHANCED SNOWS. MEAN DAILY
TEMPERATURES ON SOME OF THE DAYS DURING THIS TIME WERE AS LOW AS 10
TO 15 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. AT SOME LOCATIONS OVER THE WEST...THE
THERMOMETER NEVER ROSE ABOVE ZERO FROM LATE ON 1/16 INTO 1/19.
TEMPERATURES FELL TO -10 OR LOWER AT AT LEAST ONE SPOT ACROSS THE
AREA ON 1/5...1/11...1/13...1/17...1/18...1/19...1/20...1/21 AND
1/29. THE MONTHLY MINIMUM OF A FRIGID -27 AT STAMBAUGH IN IRON
COUNTY OCCURRED EARLY ON 1/29 AS CLEAR SKIES AND LIGHT WINDS UNDER A
PASSING HIGH PRESSURE RIDGE ALLOWED FOR IDEAL NOCTURNAL COOLING.
1/29 IS ONLY DAY TEMPERATURES FELL TO -20 OR LOWER AT ANY PLACE
ACROSS UPPER MICHIGAN IN JANUARY 2016.

SINCE ONLY A FEW DEEP...MOISTURE LADEN LOW PRESSURE SYSTEMS THAT
IMPACTED THE UPPER GREAT LAKES IN JANUARY...MONTHLY PRECIPITATION
AND SNOWFALL ENDED UP BELOW NORMAL AT INLAND AREAS THAT MISSED THE
NUMEROUS EPISODES OF LAKE EFFECT OR LAKE ENHANCED SNOW ASSOCIATED
WITH THE PASSAGE OF ALBERTA CLIPPER-TYPE DISTURBANCES. AN INCH OR
LESS OF WATER EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION FELL OVER PORTIONS OF SOUTH
CENTRAL UPPER MICHIGAN. IN FACT...THE 0.74 INCH REPORTED AT IRON
MOUNTAIN IS ONLY ABOUT 60 PERCENT OF THE JANUARY NORMAL FOR THAT
SITE. SIMILARLY...LESS THAN 10 INCHES OF SNOW ACCUMULATED DURING THE
MONTH OVER PORTIONS OF THE SOUTH CENTRAL...WITH AS LITTLE AS 3.9
INCHES AT MENOMINEE. THESE SNOW TOTALS ARE 50 TO 75 PERCENT OF
NORMAL.

BUT CLOSER TO LAKE SUPERIOR WHERE THE RELATIVELY WARM LAKE WATERS
ENHANCED PRECIPITATION AND SNOW TOTALS...THE JANUARY TOTALS ENDED
WELL ABOVE AVERAGE AT SOME LOCATIONS. MORE THAN 75 INCHES OF SNOW
FELL IN THE LAKE EFFECT SNOW BELTS FAVORED BY THE NORTHWEST WINDS
THAT MORE FREQUENTLY OCCURRED DURING THESE EVENTS...WITH 90 INCHES
OR MORE OF SNOW REPORTED AT SOME OF THE HIGHER TERRAIN LOCATIONS
ACROSS THE KEWEENAW PENINSULA DURING THE MONTH. ALTHOUGH MONTHLY
SNOWFALL IN THE FAVORED AREAS EAST OF MARQUETTE WERE NOT AS GREAT AS
OVER NORTHWEST UPPER MICHIGAN...THE TOTALS AT MUNISING AND NEWBERRY
WERE STILL AMONG THE TOP TEN HIGHEST REPORTED IN ANY PREVIOUS
JANUARY AT THOSE SITES. THE 75.1 INCHES THAT BURIED MUNISING IS
ALMOST 175 PERCENT OF THE JANUARY AVERAGE THERE.
---------------------------------------------------------------------
SOME OTHER TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION OBSERVATIONS ACROSS UPPER
MICHIGAN IN JANUARY 2016 INCLUDE:

IRONWOOD...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 13.5 /1.9 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
           PRECIPITATION 2.19 INCHES /0.26 INCH ABOVE NORMAL/
           SNOWFALL 47.2 INCHES /3.0 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL/

WATERSMEET (GOGEBIC COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.46 INCHES
                              SNOWFALL 18.4 INCHES

ONTONAGON...PRECIPITATION 2.45 INCHES
            SNOWFALL 40.6 INCHES

GREENLAND (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 20.3 DEGREES
                               PRECIPITATION 3.48 INCHES
                               SNOWFALL 58.2 INCHES

BERGLAND DAM (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 4.14 INCHES
                                  SNOWFALL 52.5 INCHES

HOUGHTON COUNTY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 19.6 /4.1 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
 AIRPORT          PRECIPITATION 3.51 INCHES /0.93 INCH ABOVE NORMAL/
                  SNOWFALL 72.8 INCHES /4.0 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL/

ATLANTIC MINE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 4.41 INCHES
                                  SNOWFALL 91.5 INCHES

PAINESDALE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...SNOWFALL 91.6 INCHES

COPPER HARBOR...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 23.3 DEGREES

JACOBSVILLE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 18.5 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 2.52 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 31.1 INCHES

BARAGA...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 18.2 DEGREES
         PRECIPITATION 2.17 INCHES
         SNOWFALL 30.5 INCHES

CLARKSBURG (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 15.4 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 1.51 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 23.9 INCHES

BIG BAY (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 20.0 DEGREES
                             PRECIPITATION 2.42 INCHES
                             SNOWFALL 35.4 INCHES

MARQUETTE CITY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 21.0 /2.2 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
                 PRECIPITATION 2.16 INCHES /0.33 INCH ABOVE NORMAL/
                 SNOWFALL 28.6 INCHES /0.9 INCH BELOW NORMAL/

CHATHAM (ALGER COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 18.6 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 3.64 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 65.1 INCHES

MUNISING...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 19.9 /2.0 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
           PRECIPITATION 4.23 INCHES /0.96 INCH ABOVE NORMAL/
           SNOWFALL 75.1 INCHES /31.8 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL/

GRAND MARAIS...PRECIPITATION 3.86 INCHES
(10 MILES SOUTH) SNOWFALL 70.4 INCHES

NEWBERRY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 19.8 /3.1 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
           PRECIPITATION 2.91 INCHES /0.16 INCH ABOVE NORMAL/
           SNOWFALL 55.7 INCHES /16.9 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL/

STAMBAUGH (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 12.1 DEGREES
                          PRECIPITATION 0.79 INCH
                          SNOWFALL 9.4 INCHES

AMASA (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 14.7 DEGREES
                      PRECIPITATION 0.98 INCH
                      SNOWFALL 13.1 INCHES

FORD AIRPORT...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 17.0 DEGREES
 NEAR IRON MOUNTAIN

IRON MOUNTAIN...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 16.3 /2.6 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
                PRECIPITATION 0.74 INCH /0.49 INCH BELOW NORMAL/
                SNOWFALL 7.7 INCHES /6.0 INCHES BELOW NORMAL/

NORWAY (DICKINSON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 17.4 DEGREES
                            PRECIPITATION 1.12 INCHES
                            SNOWFALL 10.1 INCHES

DAGGETT (MENOMINEE COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 0.91 INCH

MENOMINEE...PRECIPITATION 1.15 INCHES
            SNOWFALL 3.9 INCHES

ESCANABA...PRECIPITATION 1.06 INCHES
           SNOWFALL 7.1 INCHES

GLADSTONE (DELTA COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.45 INCHES
                           SNOWFALL 12.1 INCHES

GARDEN CORNERS (DELTA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 19.6 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 1.76 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 15.6 INCHES

COOKS (SCHOOLCRAFT COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 2.93 INCHES
                             SNOWFALL 29.0 INCHES

MANISTIQUE...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 19.7 /2.1 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
             PRECIPITATION 1.54 INCHES /0.03 INCH BELOW NORMAL/
             SNOWFALL 16.4 INCHES /4.6 INCHES BELOW NORMAL/

                      JANUARY WEATHER SUMMARY

MORE TO COME LATER.

                         FEBRUARY FORECAST

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING A GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF AN ABOVE NORMAL MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURE
OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN FEBRUARY 2016 DUE TO THE ONGOING
STRONG EL NINO. THE CPC INDICATES THERE IS GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY PRECIPITATION OVER THE
WEST HALF OF UPPER MICHIGAN BUT EQUAL CHANCES OF ABOVE AND BELOW
NORMAL PRECIPITATION OVER THE EAST HALF OF THE U.P. IN FEBRUARY.

                       FEBRUARY CLIMATOLOGY

ALTHOUGH DAYLIGHT LENGTHENS NOTICEABLY DURING FEBRUARY (580 MINUTES
OF POSSIBLE SUNSHINE ON 2/1 TO 664 MINUTES ON 2/28)...WINTER USUALLY
MAINTAINS ITS ICY GRIP ON UPPER MICHIGAN DURING THE MONTH. IN
FACT...THE LOWEST TEMPERATURE DURING THE YEAR OFTEN OCCURS IN THE
SECOND MONTH. HUMBOLDT IN MARQUETTE COUNTY OBSERVED A FRIGID -49 LOW
ON THE MORNING OF 2/10/1899...THE LOWEST READING EVER RECORDED IN
UPPER MICHIGAN. THE FREQUENT ARRIVAL OF ARCTIC AIRMASSES CAN STILL
CAUSE TEMPERATURES TO PLUNGE AS LOW AS 25 TO 35 BELOW ZERO EVEN
DURING THE LAST WEEK OF THE MONTH. IN RECENT YEARS...BOTH FEBRUARY
2014 AND 2015 FEATURED SOME RECORD OR NEARLY RECORD LOW MEAN MONTHLY
TEMPERATURES. A NEARLY CONTINUOUS FLOW OF CANADIAN AIR UNDER A
PERSISTENT DEEP TROUGH DROPPED THE MEAN MONTHLY TEMPERATURE TO
BETWEEN 9 AND 12 DEGREES BELOW THE FEBRUARY AVERAGE IN 2014 AND TO
12 TO 15 DEGREES BELOW THE MONTHLY MEAN IN 2015. MANY PLACES ENDURED
A COLDEST OR AT LEAST TOP FIVE COLDEST FEBRUARY IN BOTH THESE
YEARS...AND LAKE SUPERIOR AND NORTHERN LAKE MICHIGAN BECAME ALMOST
COMPLETELY ICE COVERED BY THE END OF BOTH THOSE MONTHS. SOME OTHER
COLD FEBRUARYS IN THE NOT TOO DISTANT PAST OCCURRED IN 1994...2003
AND 2007...YEARS WHEN FEBRUARY ENDED UP AS ONE OF THE TOP TEN
COLDEST SECOND MONTHS AT MANY LOCATIONS.

BUT THE CONTINUED CLIMB OF THE SUN IN THE SOUTHERN SKY PROMISES THE
END OF WINTER IS IN SIGHT AND THAT SPRINGTIME IS GETTING CLOSER.
AVERAGE TEMPERATURES RISE STEADILY AFTER THE FIRST WEEK OF THE
MONTH...FROM 12 ON 2/7 TO 17 ON 2/28 AT THE MARQUETTE NWS. DURING
THE LAST HALF OF FEBRUARY...RECORD HIGH TEMPERATURES REACH WELL INTO
THE 50S AND 60S. AT MANY SITES...FEBRUARY 1998...1999...2000 AND
2002 ALL FALL INTO THE TOP 10 WARMEST ON RECORD. IN FEBRUARY 2000...
RECORD WARMTH AFTER 2/21 CAUSED RAPID SNOW MELT...AND ICE JAM
FLOODING WAS OBSERVED ON THE ONTONAGON RIVER. IN FACT...THE
TEMPERATURE AVERAGED 39.3 DEGREES BETWEEN 2/22/2000 AND 2/29/2000 AT
THE MARQUETTE NWS...MARKING THIS 8-DAY PERIOD AS THE WARMEST WEEK IN
THE SECOND MONTH SINCE RECORDS BEGAN IN 1961. BUT AT MOST LOCATIONS
IN UPPER MICHIGAN...FEBRUARY 1998 GOES DOWN IN THE RECORD BOOKS AS
THE WARMEST FEBRUARY EVER. TEMPERATURES AT SOME PLACES ENDED THE
MONTH AS MUCH AS 15 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL AS A STRONG EL NINO AND
ZONAL PACIFIC FLOW ALOFT PREVENTED THE NORMAL PARADE OF ARCTIC
AIRMASSES FROM INVADING THE UPPER GREAT LAKES.

AVERAGE SNOWFALL OVER UPPER MICHIGAN DURING FEBRUARY IS LESS THAN IN
JANUARY AS THE MEAN POSITION OF THE JET STREAM AND STORM TRACK MOVES
A BIT FARTHER SOUTH. FALLING LAKE SUPERIOR WATER TEMPERATURES AND
THE FORMATION OF ICE ON THE LAKE SOME YEARS ALSO REDUCE THE
INTENSITY OF LAKE EFFECT SNOW. EVEN SO...THERE IS A SHARP DECREASE
IN AVERAGE SNOWFALL FROM AREAS NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR TO INLAND
LOCATIONS ALONG THE WISCONSIN BORDER. WHILE HOUGHTON TYPICALLY
TALLIES ALMOST 33 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF...IRON MOUNTAIN WILL LOG
ONLY 10 INCHES DURING A TYPICAL FEBRUARY. ALTHOUGH MONTHLY
TEMPERATURES AVERAGED WELL ABOVE NORMAL...FEBRUARY 2002 WILL LONG BE
REMEMBERED FOR HEAVY PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL...ESPECIALLY IN THE
LAKE EFFECT SNOW BELTS. VERY MILD WEATHER INTO FEBRUARY THAT WINTER
MAINTAINED LAKE SUPERIOR TEMPERATURES WELL ABOVE NORMAL...SO THAT
HEAVIER THAN USUAL LAKE EFFECT AND LAKE ENHANCED SNOW ACCOMPANIED A
GREATER THAN AVERAGE NUMBER OF SYNOPTIC STORMS. THE 91.9 INCHES OF
SNOW THAT FELL AT THE MARQUETTE NWS THAT MONTH PUSHES FEBRUARY 2002
TO THE TOP OF THE LIST OF NOT ONLY THE SNOWIEST FEBRUARY...BUT ALSO
THE SNOWIEST CALENDAR MONTH. THE 5.35 INCHES OF LIQUID EQUIVALENT
PRECIPITATION THAT FELL AT THAT LOCATION EASILY ECLIPSED THE
PREVIOUS STANDARD OF 3.62 INCHES OBSERVED IN FEBRUARY 1971. MANY
LOCATIONS FROM IRONWOOD TO NEWBERRY ALSO RECORDED A TOP FIVE
SNOWIEST AND WETTEST FEBRUARY IN 2002. DURING THE COLD FEBRUARY OF
1989...THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT RECORDED 89.8 INCHES OF SNOW. NOT
ONLY IS FEBRUARY 1998 THE WARMEST AT MANY LOCATIONS...IT IS ALSO THE
LEAST SNOWY AT MANISTIQUE (1.0 INCH)...IRONWOOD (2.8 INCHES)...
ONTONAGON (5.0 INCHES)...AND THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT (5.5
INCHES). MONTHLY SNOWFALLS OF 3.0 INCHES AT NEWBERRY AND 8.8 INCHES
AT MUNISING PLACE FEBRUARY 1998 AMONG THE TOP FIVE LEAST SNOWY.

                        OUTLOOK FOR SPRING

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING A GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF AN ABOVE NORMAL 3-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE
AND BELOW NORMAL 3-MONTH PRECIPITATION OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN
MARCH THROUGH MAY 2016. THESE FORECAST TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION
ANOMALIES ARE DUE TO AN EXPECTED SLOWLY WEAKENING BUT PERSISTENT EL
NINO IN THE TROPICAL EASTERN PACIFIC OCEAN.

GO TO HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/CLIMATE/L3MTO.PHP TO ACCESS DETAILED
LOCAL THREE-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OUTLOOKS FOR A NUMBER OF SITES
IN UPPER MICHIGAN.

CHECK OUT HTTP://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT
THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER AND MORE LONG RANGE PREDICTIONS.

NOTE THAT STATISTICS FOR THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE IN
NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP ARE BASED ON RECORDS WHICH BEGAN IN OCTOBER 1961.
THIRTY YEAR NORMALS USED ARE FOR THE PERIOD OF 1981 THROUGH 2010.
NOTE ALL TEMPERATURES ARE IN FAHRENHEIT AND PRECIPITATION IS IN
INCHES. ALL CLIMATE DATA LISTED IN THIS PRODUCT ARE UNOFFICIAL. FOR
OFFICIAL DATA...PLEASE REFER TO THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER.
ALSO NOTE THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE DATA FROM CHIPPEWA AND
MACKINAC COUNTIES.

NWS MARQUETTE WEB PAGE IS AT HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/MQT (ALL LOWER
CASE). CONTACT THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER AT (828) 271-4800
OR WWW.NCDC.NOAA.GOV.

$$

KC



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