Climatological Report (Monthly)
Issued by NWS Marquette, MI

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000
CXUS53 KMQT 241503 AAB
CLMMQT

CLIMATE REPORT...PRELIMINARY
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MARQUETTE MI
1003 AM EST MON NOV 24 2014

...................................

...THE MARQUETTE MI CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF OCTOBER 2014...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1961 TO 2014

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH              87   10/02/1992
 LOW                9   10/23/1969
HIGHEST            63   10/24        51      12       76  10/01
LOWEST             23   10/22        34     -11       18  10/29
AVG. MAXIMUM     48.3              52.1    -3.8     51.9
AVG. MINIMUM     35.6              34.2     1.4     36.5
MEAN             41.9              43.2    -1.3     44.2
DAYS MAX >= 90      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MAX <= 32      1               0.7     0.3        0
DAYS MIN <= 32     10              13.4    -3.4       15
DAYS MIN <= 0       0               0.0     0.0        0

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM         7.59   1979
 MINIMUM         0.94   1975
TOTALS           6.49              3.84    2.65     4.38
DAILY AVG.       0.21              0.12    0.09     0.14
DAYS >= .01        23              15.2     7.8       19
DAYS >= .10        13               8.3     4.7       11
DAYS >= .50         5               2.2     2.8        3
DAYS >= 1.00        1               0.9     0.1        1
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    1.52   10/17 TO 10/18

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL           18.6   1979
TOTALS            3.2               6.0    -2.8      3.5
SINCE 7/1         3.2               6.1    -2.9      3.5
SNOWDEPTH AVG.      0                MM      MM        0
DAYS >= 1.0         2               1.7     0.3        1
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH         1   10/31                          1  10/23
                                                          10/22
 24 HR TOTAL      3.2   10/30 TO 10/31

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL     705               679      26      636
 SINCE 7/1       1232              1161      71     1101
COOLING TOTAL       0                 1      -1        0
 SINCE 1/1        152               242     -90      280
.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              MM
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    MM        DATE   MM
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    41/315    DATE  10/25

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)   MM
AVERAGE SKY COVER             MM
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR          MM
NUMBER OF DAYS PC            MM
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY        MM

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     MM

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM              0     MIXED PRECIP               0
HEAVY RAIN                0     RAIN                       3
LIGHT RAIN               24     FREEZING RAIN              0
LT FREEZING RAIN          0     HAIL                       1
HEAVY SNOW                0     SNOW                       0
LIGHT SNOW                6     SLEET                      0
FOG                      12     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE      5
HAZE                      0

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

...OCTOBER 2014 MONTHLY CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR UPPER MICHIGAN...
/THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE CHIPPEWA AND MACKINAC COUNTIES/

...VERY WET ESPECIALLY OVER THE NORTH CENTRAL AND EAST...
...RECORD WETTEST OCTOBER AT MANISTIQUE...
...SECOND WETTEST OCTOBER AT NEWBERRY...
...FIFTH WETTEST OCTOBER AT MARQUETTE CITY AND MUNISING...

...MEAN MONTHLY TEMPERATURE NEAR NORMAL TO A BIT BELOW NORMAL...

OCTOBER CLIMATE STATISTICS FOR THE MARQUETTE NWS IN NEGAUNEE
 TOWNSHIP

                                    NORMAL   DEPARTURE
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE         41.9     43.2  MINUS    1.3
AVERAGE HIGH TEMPERATURE    48.3     52.1  MINUS    3.8
AVERAGE LOW TEMPERATURE     35.6     34.2   PLUS    1.4
HEATING DEGREE DAYS          705      679   PLUS     26
COOLING DEGREE DAYS            0        1  MINUS      1
TOTAL PRECIPITATION         6.49     3.84   PLUS   2.65
TOTAL SNOWFALL               3.2      6.0  MINUS    2.8

HIGHEST TEMPERATURE:                    63 ON 10/24
LOWEST TEMPERATURE:                     23 ON 10/22
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY PRECIPITATION:  1.36 ON 10/17
GREATEST 24 HOUR PRECIPITATION:       1.52 ON 10/17-10/18
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY SNOWFALL:        2.2 ON 10/31
GREATEST 24 HOUR SNOWFALL:             3.2 ON 10/30-10/31
PEAK WIND SPEED: 41 MPH FROM THE NORTHWEST ON 10/25

DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 10/5...39 /OLD RECORD
                                                   40...1964/
---------------------------------------------------------------------
GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS (FEET/METERS ABOVE MEAN SEA LEVEL)

                            LAKE SUPERIOR  LAKE MICHIGAN-HURON
10/01/14 DAILY MEAN         602.65/183.69     579.12/176.52
10/31/14 DAILY MEAN         602.74/183.72     579.19/176.54
AVG SEP 2014 DAILY MEAN     602.68/183.70     579.11/176.51
AVG OCT 2013 DAILY MEAN     601.86/183.45     577.46/176.01
LONG TERM OCT DAILY MEAN    602.03/183.50     578.84/176.43
MAXIMUM OCT DAILY MEAN      603.38/183.91     582.35/177.50
                                (1985)           (1986)
MINIMUM OCT DAILY MEAN      600.72/183.10     576.44/175.70
                                (1925)           (1964)

...GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS CONTINUE SLOW RISE IN OCTOBER...
...LAKES MICHIGAN AND HURON ABOVE NORMAL FOR THE FIRST TIME SINCE
LATE 1998...

EVEN THOUGH WATER LEVELS TYPICALLY FALL SLOWLY IN OCTOBER...ABOVE
NORMAL PRECIPITATION ACROSS THE UPPER GREAT LAKES AND SURROUNDING
AREAS THE LAST COUPLE OF MONTHS THAT HAS CONTRIBUTED TO GREATER
RUNOFF AS WELL AS RELATIVELY CHILLY LAKE WATER TEMPERATURES THAT
HAVE LIMITED EVAPORATION CONTRIBUTED TO A SLOW RISE IN THE LEVELS OF
LAKES SUPERIOR...MICHIGAN AND HURON IN OCTOBER 2014. AT THE END OF
THE MONTH...THE LAKE SUPERIOR WATER LEVEL WAS 10 TO 11 INCHES HIGHER
THAN IN OCTOBER 2013 AND 8 TO 9 INCHES ABOVE THE LONG TERM NORMAL.
THE LEVEL OF LAKES MICHIGAN-HURON ON 10/31 WAS ALMOST 21 INCHES
HIGHER THAN LAST OCTOBER AND ABOUT 4 INCHES ABOVE THE NORMAL OCTOBER
LEVEL. OCTOBER IS THE FIRST MONTH SINCE DECEMBER 1998 THAT THE WATER
LEVEL ON LAKES MICHIGAN-HURON WAS AT LEAST NORMAL.

OBTAIN GREAT LAKES WATER LEVEL DATA AS REPORTED BY THE U.S. ARMY
CORPS OF ENGINEERS AT

HTTP://WWW.LRE.USACE.ARMY.MIL/MISSIONS/GREATLAKESINFORMATION/
       GREATLAKESWATERLEVELS/CURRENTCONDITIONS.ASPX (ALL LOWER CASE).
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                       OCTOBER CLIMATE HIGHLIGHTS

HIGHEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...71 AT PELKIE IN BARAGA COUNTY ON 10/24

LOWEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...17 AT A SITE 5 MILES INLAND FROM
                               MUNISING ON 10/22

HIGHEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...46.3 DEGREES 6 MILES INLAND FROM
                              ONTONAGON

LOWEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...40.3 DEGREES AT HERMAN IN BARAGA COUNTY

HIGHEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...7.07 INCHES AT MUNISING AND NEWBERRY

LOWEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...3.25 INCHES AT MENOMINEE

HIGHEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...8 INCHES NEAR MICHIGAMME IN MARQUETTE
                           COUNTY

THE OCTOBER WEATHER PATTERN WAS AN ACTIVE ONE THAT FEATURED AN UPPER
TROUGH OVER CENTRAL AND EASTERN NORTH AMERICA MUCH OF THE TIME.
UNDER THIS FAVORABLE UPPER AIR FLOW...SEVERAL LARGER-SCALE...
MOISTURE-LADEN LOW PRESSURE SYSTEMS IMPACTED UPPER MICHIGAN. THE
RESULT WAS ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION AT MOST PLACES... ESPECIALLY
OVER THE NORTH CENTRAL AND EASTERN PORTIONS OF THE U.P. AS MUCH AS
7.07 INCHES OF PRECIPITATION INUNDATED MUNISING AND NEWBERRY...
TOTALS THAT WERE ABOUT DOUBLE THE NORMAL OCTOBER VALUES AT THOSE
SITES. MANY LOCATIONS IN THIS AREA EXPERIENCED A TOP FIVE WETTEST
OCTOBER. IN FACT...MANISTIQUE REPORTED THE HIGHEST OCTOBER
PRECIPITATION TOTAL ON RECORD WITH 6.50 INCHES...ABOUT 215 PERCENT
OF NORMAL. EVEN AWAY FROM THIS WETTER AREA... MOST PLACES PICKED UP
AT LEAST 4 INCHES OF WATER EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION. THE ONLY
EXCEPTION WAS OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL NEAR THE WISCONSIN BORDER AND
AT SOME LOCATIONS OVER THE KEWEENAW PENINSULA. BUT EVEN IN THESE
AREAS...AS LEAST 3.25 TO 3.50 INCHES ACCUMULATED.

WITH THE UPPER TROUGH DOMINATING MOST OF THE TIME...OCTOBER WAS
COOLER THAN NORMAL AT MOST LOCATIONS AND 10 TO 14 DEGREES COOLER
THAN SEPTEMBER. THE MEAN MONTHLY TEMPERATURE BETWEEN ABOUT 40 AND 46
DEGREES RANGED FROM NEAR NORMAL TO UP TO 2 DEGREES BELOW THE OCTOBER
AVERAGE. THE COLDEST AIRMASS RELATIVE TO NORMAL INVADED THE UPPER
LAKES DURING THE FIRST WEEK OF OCTOBER. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES ON
10/4 AND 10/5 FELL TO AS MUCH AS 10 TO 15 DEGREES BELOW AVERAGE...
AND SOME NEW DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURES IN THE 30S WERE
ESTABLISHED.

ALTHOUGH THERE WAS SOME SNOW AS EARLY AS 10/4 DURING THAT COLD
OUTBREAK OVER MAINLY THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE WEST AND NORTH
CENTRAL...THE GROUND WAS STILL TOO WARM AND AIR TEMPERATURES ONLY
MARGINALLY COLD ENOUGH TO ALLOW FOR MUCH IF ANY ACCUMULATION. THE
FIRST WIDESPREAD ACCUMULATING SNOW OF THE SEASON OCCURRED FROM LATE
ON 10/30 THROUGH 10/31. AS MUCH AS 8 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF PILED
UP OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN NEAR MICHIGAMME ALONG THE MARQUETTE AND
BARAGA COUNTY LINE FOLLOWING THE PASSAGE OF A STRONG COLD FRONT AND
AN INFLUX OF MUCH COLDER AIR ON THE HEELS OF NORTHWEST WINDS GUSTING
AS HIGH AS 45 TO 50 MPH.

AS AN UPPER TROUGH DEEPENED OVER CENTRAL NORTH AMERICA ON 10/2...A
LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM BEGAN TO TAKE SHAPE IN THE CENTRAL PLAINS. RAIN
IN ADVANCE OF THIS LOW OVERSPREAD UPPER MICHIGAN DURING THE NIGHT ON
10/2-10/3 AND BECAME HEAVY AT TIMES. AS THE LOW PASSED ACROSS THE U.P.
EARLY ON 10/3 AND THEN INTO ONTARIO LATER IN THE DAY...THE STEADY
RAIN DIMINISHED. WEST WINDS GUSTING AS HIGH AS 40 MPH OVER THE
KEWEENAW DROVE COLDER AIR BACK INTO THE AREA ON THE SOUTHERN FLANK
OF THE DEPARTING LOW. RAINFALL TOTALS DURING THIS EVENT WERE
HEAVIEST OVER THE CENTRAL AND EAST...WITH 1.50 INCHES OR MORE AT
MANY LOCATIONS IN THIS AREA. NEWBERRY LED REPORTING STATIONS WITH
1.66 INCHES OF RAIN. MARQUETTE WAS CLOSE BEHIND WITH 1.64 INCHES.
THE LEAST PRECIPITATION FELL OVER THE KEWEENAW...WHERE A COUPLE
LOCATIONS REPORTED NO MORE THAN ABOUT 0.50 INCH OF RAIN. ANOTHER
DISTURBANCE ROTATING THROUGH THE DEEPENING TROUGH BROUGHT MORE
SHOWERS ON 10/4...AND THESE WERE MIXED WITH SNOW OVER THE HIGHER
TERRAIN OF THE NORTH CENTRAL AND WEST. PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS
ASSOCIATED WITH THIS SECOND DISTURBANCE WERE GENERALLY 0.15 TO 0.50
INCH. SINCE THE GROUND WAS STILL WARM...ANY SNOW ACCUMULATION WAS
NEGLIGIBLE EVEN OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN.

A STATIONARY FRONT EXTENDING NORTHEAST INTO THE CENTRAL GREAT LAKES
FROM A LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM MOVING INTO THE MID MISSISSIPPI RIVER
VALLEY SERVED AS THE FOCUS FOR MORE RAIN FROM LATE ON 10/13 INTO
10/15. SINCE THE EAST HALF OF UPPER MICHIGAN WAS CLOSER TO THIS
BOUNDARY...THE HEAVIEST RAIN FELL IN THIS AREA....WITH AS MUCH AS 2
INCHES OR MORE AT SOME SPOTS EAST OF A LINE FROM MARQUETTE TO IRON
MOUNTAIN. ONCE AGAIN...NEWBERRY HAD THE MOST PRECIPITATION WITH 2.97
INCHES BY THE TIME THE RAIN TAPERED OFF ON 10/15. SOME OTHER NOTABLE
AMOUNTS INCLUDED 2.85 INCHES AT MANISTIQUE...2.67 INCHES AT
MUNISING...2.51 INCHES AT CHATHAM IN ALGER COUNTY AND 2.34 INCHES AT
MENOMINEE.

A STRONG UPPER DISTURBANCE MOVING THROUGH THE UPPER LAKES THAT
DEEPENED A LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM NEAR JAMES BAY BROUGHT SOME LOCALLY
HEAVY LAKE SUPERIOR-ENHANCED PRECIPITATION AND GUSTY NORTH WINDS TO
45 MPH IN AREAS NEAR THE BIG LAKE ON 10/17 INTO EARLY 10/18. AN INCH
OR MORE OF PRECIPITATION FELL AT SOME PLACES...WITH UP TO 1.81
INCHES MEASURED NEAR BIG BAY IN MARQUETTE COUNTY. NEGAUNEE IN
MARQUETTE COUNTY LOGGED 1.55 INCHES. LOCATIONS OVER THE SOUTH
CENTRAL FROM IRON MOUNTAIN TO ESCANABA AND MENOMINEE PICKED UP NO
MORE THAN ABOUT 0.10 INCH OF PRECIPITATION ON 10/17 INTO 10/18.
ALTHOUGH ENOUGH COLD AIR MOVED IN TO CAUSE THE RAIN TO MIX WITH SNOW
DURING THE NIGHT ON 10/17-10/18...NO MORE THAN A COATING OF SNOW
ACCUMULATED EVEN OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN DUE TO THE LINGERING WARMTH
OF THE GROUND AND MARGINALLY COLD TEMPERATURES.

AS A DEEP LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM MOVED FROM THE NORTHERN PLAINS ON
10/27 AND INTO THE UPPER LAKES ON 10/28...SHOWERS AND EVEN SOME
THUNDERSTORMS NORTH OF THE WARM FRONT ASSOCIATED WITH THIS LOW
IMPACTED MAINLY CENTRAL AND EASTERN UPPER MICHIGAN...WHERE AS MUCH
AS AN INCH OR MORE OF RAIN FELL AT A FEW LOCATIONS. A SPOT NEAR
GLADSTONE IN DELTA COUNTY SAW THE MOST RAIN WITH 1.20 INCHES DURING
THIS TIME. THE MOST UNUSUAL ASPECT OF THIS WEATHER EVENT WAS SOME
RARE SEVERE OCTOBER THUNDERSTORMS. A NUMBER OF THE THUNDERSTORMS
THAT OCCURRED DURING THIS PERIOD DROPPED SMALL HAIL OVER MAINLY THE
SOUTH CENTRAL. THE STRONGEST STORM HAPPENED IN THE EARLY MORNING
HOURS ON 10/28 AND BOMBARDED MENOMINEE WITH HAIL AS LARGE AS 1.5
INCHES IN DIAMETER. AFTER THE LOW TRACKED TO THE EAST ON 10/28...
WEST WINDS GUSTING AS HIGH AS 40 MPH ADVECTED COLDER INTO THE UPPER
GREAT LAKES. AS MUCH AS 0.50 INCH OF LAKE EFFECT PRECIPITATION FELL
OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE WEST FROM LATE ON 10/28 INTO EARLY
10/29 AS THIS COLDER AIR CAUSED LAKE EFFECT RAIN SHOWERS THAT WERE
MIXED WITH SNOW.

RAIN SHOWERS IN ADVANCE OF A LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM MOVING FROM THE
NORTHERN PLAINS INTO THE WESTERN GREAT LAKES OVERSPREAD UPPER
MICHIGAN LATE ON 10/30 BUT THEN CHANGED TO MAINLY SNOW BY EARLY ON
10/31 AS COLD AIR PLOWED BACK INTO THE AREA ON THE HEELS OF NORTH
WINDS GUSTING AS HIGH AS 45 TO 50 MPH AFTER THE LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM
PASSED TO THE EAST. BY THE TIME LAKE EFFECT SNOWS DIMINISHED LATE ON
HALLOWEEN DAY...SNOW TOTALS OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE WEST AND
NORTH CENTRAL REACHED 7 TO 8 INCHES. WATER EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION
WAS AS HIGH AS 0.98 INCH NEAR CALUMET. SINCE THIS EVENT WAS
PRIMARILY A LAKE EFFECT ONE...THE SOUTH CENTRAL MEASURED MUCH LOWER
PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS... GENERALLY LESS THAN 0.10 INCH.
---------------------------------------------------------------------
   ...TOP 5 COLDEST FIRST TEN MONTHS OF THE YEAR AT MOST PLACES...

             ...JANUARY-OCTOBER 2014 MEAN TEMPERATURE...

                                          /OR PREVIOUS/
              OBSERVED  NORMAL  DEPARTURE     RECORD      2014 RANK

MANISTIQUE      40.0     44.6     -4.6     41.0 /1972/ RECORD COLDEST

NEWBERRY        40.5     44.8     -4.3     41.1 /1972/ RECORD COLDEST

IRON MOUNTAIN   41.8     45.4     -3.6     42.6 /1972/ RECORD COLDEST

MUNISING        39.6     44.4     -4.8     38.8 /1917/    2ND COLDEST

IRONWOOD        39.6     43.7     -4.1     38.4 /1917/    2ND COLDEST

MARQUETTE NWS   39.6     43.5     -3.9     39.4 /1972/    2ND COLDEST

HOUGHTON        39.6     43.0     -3.4     37.8 /1888/    5TH COLDEST

MARQUETTE CITY  41.0     46.4     -5.4     38.7 /1885/    6TH COLDEST
---------------------------------------------------------------------
SOME OTHER TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION OBSERVATIONS ACROSS UPPER
MICHIGAN IN OCTOBER 2014 INCLUDE:

IRONWOOD...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 43.4 (NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 4.14 INCHES (0.16 INCH ABOVE NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL 4.0 INCHES (2.6 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

WATERSMEET (GOGEBIC COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 3.51 INCHES
                              SNOWFALL 4.0 INCHES

ONTONAGON...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 46.3 (0.5 DEGREE BELOW NORMAL)
 (6 MILES   PRECIPITATION 4.89 INCHES (1.39 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)
  INLAND)   SNOWFALL TRACE (2.5 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)


GREENLAND (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 44.3 DEGREES
                               PRECIPITATION 5.38 INCHES
                               SNOWFALL TRACE

BERGLAND DAM (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 43.0 DEGREES
                                  PRECIPITATION 4.04 INCHES
                                  SNOWFALL 2.0 INCHES

HOUGHTON COUNTY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 43.5 (0.1 DEGREE ABOVE NORMAL)
 AIRPORT          PRECIPITATION 3.85 INCHES (0.86 INCH ABOVE NORMAL)
                  SNOWFALL 1.8 INCHES (2.9 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

ATLANTIC MINE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 5.02 INCHES
                                  SNOWFALL 2.0 INCHES

MOHAWK (KEWEENAW COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 4.83 INCHES
                           SNOWFALL 2.0 INCHES

COPPER HARBOR...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 45.0 DEGREES

JACOBSVILLE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 43.0 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 3.70 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 0.9 INCH

BARAGA...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 43.4 DEGREES

WATTON (BARAGA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 42.5 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 3.51 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 2.7 INCHES

HERMAN (BARAGA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 40.3 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 6.11 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 4.9 INCHES

CLARKSBURG (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 40.9 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 3.38 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 5.0 INCHES

BIG BAY (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 44.0 DEGREES
                             PRECIPITATION 5.80 INCHES
                             SNOWFALL 0.9 INCH

MARQUETTE CITY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 45.8 (1.5 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
                 PRECIPITATION 5.81 INCHES (2.68 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)
                 SNOWFALL TRACE (1.0 INCH BELOW NORMAL)

HARVEY (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 45.9 DEGREES
                            PRECIPITATION 6.11 INCHES
                            SNOWFALL 0.2 INCH

CHATHAM (ALGER COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 43.5 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 6.99 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 2.0 INCHES

MUNISING...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 43.9 (1.7 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 7.07 INCHES (2.84 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL

NEWBERRY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 44.1 (1.2 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 7.07 INCHES (3.50 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL TRACE (1.2 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

STAMBAUGH (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 41.9 DEGREES
                          PRECIPITATION 3.99 INCHES
                          SNOWFALL TRACE

AMASA (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 42.8 DEGREES
                      PRECIPITATION 3.63 INCHES
                      SNOWFALL 1.0 INCHES

IRON MOUNTAIN...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 44.5 (0.5 DEGREE BELOW NORMAL)
                PRECIPITATION 3.41 INCHES (0.27 INCH ABOVE NORMAL)
                SNOWFALL TRACE (0.3 INCH BELOW NORMAL)

NORWAY (DICKINSON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 44.7 DEGREES
                            PRECIPITATION 4.52 INCHES
                            SNOWFALL TRACE

DAGGETT (MENOMINEE COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 4.15 INCHES

MENOMINEE...PRECIPITATION 3.25 INCHES

GLADSTONE (DELTA COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 4.42 INCHES
                           SNOWFALL TRACE

GARDEN CORNERS (DELTA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 45.3 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 5.57 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 1.1 INCHES

COOKS (SCHOOLCRAFT COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 6.64 INCHES
                             SNOWFALL 1.9 INCHES

MANISTIQUE...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 45.6 (0.1 DEGREE ABOVE NORMAL)
             PRECIPITATION 6.50 INCHES (3.02 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)
             SNOWFALL TRACE (0.2 INCH BELOW NORMAL)

                       OCTOBER WEATHER SUMMARY

MORE TO COME LATER.

                          DECEMBER FORECAST

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING EQUAL CHANCES OF
AN ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURE AND ABOVE AND
BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY PRECIPITATION OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN
DECEMBER 2014.

                         DECEMBER CLIMATOLOGY

TEMPERATURES CONTINUE THEIR DOWNWARD SLIDE IN DECEMBER AS WINTER
ARRIVES IN THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE.  AVERAGE MONTHLY TEMPERATURES IN
DECEMBER ACROSS UPPER MICHIGAN ARE AS MUCH AS 12 DEGREES LOWER THAN
IN NOVEMBER AS TOTAL POSSIBLE SUNSHINE DECLINES TO 514 MINUTES
AROUND THE WINTER SOLSTICE. WINTER OFFICIALLY BEGINS THIS YEAR AT
6:03 PM EST ON 12/21. ON THAT DAY...THE SUN RISES TO ONLY ABOUT 20
DEGREES ABOVE THE SOUTHERN HORIZON AT LOCAL NOON IN UPPER MICHIGAN.

ARCTIC INVASIONS ARE COMMON ACROSS THE NORTHWEST GREAT LAKES IN
DECEMBER...RESULTING IN CONSIDERABLE CLOUD COVER AND LAKE EFFECT
SNOW. AS THE COLD AIR PASSES OVER THE RELATIVELY WARM WATERS OF LAKE
SUPERIOR...THE AIRMASS BECOMES INCREASINGLY UNSTABLE. THE RESULT IS
A GREATER FREQUENCY OF LOW CLOUD AND SNOW SHOWERS...WHICH ARE
TYPICALLY HEAVIER AND MORE WIDESPREAD OVER HIGHER TERRAIN JUST
DOWNWIND OF LAKE SUPERIOR. THE LOCATION OF MAXIMUM SNOWFALL IS VERY
DEPENDENT ON THE LOW LEVEL WIND DIRECTION BECAUSE THE LONGEST WIND
FETCH ACROSS THE WATER RESULTS IN GREATEST DESTABILIZATION. A WEST
WIND FAVORS THE KEWEENAW PENINSULA; A NORTHWEST WIND USUALLY RESULTS
IN HEAVIER SNOW AROUND ONTONAGON AND IN ALGER AND LUCE COUNTIES; AND
A NORTH TO NORTHEAST WIND CAUSES THE HEAVIEST SNOW AROUND IRONWOOD
AND IN THE NORTH CENTRAL HIGHLANDS OF BARAGA AND MARQUETTE COUNTIES.
ALTHOUGH LARGE SCALE STORM SYSTEMS THAT TYPICALLY MOVE NORTHEAST
FROM THE PLAINS STATES INTO THE GREAT LAKES CAN ALSO BRING HEAVY
SNOW TO INLAND LOCATIONS...AVERAGE DECEMBER PRECIPITATION IS QUITE A
BIT LESS AWAY FROM LAKE SUPERIOR.  FOR INSTANCE...THE HOUGHTON
COUNTY AIRPORT PICKS UP 52.9 INCHES OF SNOW AND 3.25 INCHES OF
LIQUID EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION DURING A TYPICAL DECEMBER. IRON
MOUNTAIN WILL RECEIVE ONLY 14.7 INCHES OF SNOW AND 1.48 INCHES OF
LIQUID EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION ON AVERAGE. THE HOUGHTON COUNTY
AIRPORT WAS BURIED UNDER 119 INCHES OF SNOW IN DECEMBER 1978. RECORD
SNOWS AT INLAND LOCATIONS ARE CLOSER TO 36 INCHES. IN MORE RECENT
YEARS...HEAVY SNOW FELL IN DECEMBER IN 2008...2000...1996 AND 1995
AT MANY LOCATIONS. ROCKLAND IN ONTONAGON COUNTY MEASURED 127 INCHES
OF THE WHITE STUFF IN DECEMBER 2000. IN DECEMBER 2008...TWIN LAKES
IN HOUGHTON COUNTY LOGGED ALMOST 106 INCHES.

ALTHOUGH LAKE SUPERIOR OFTEN MODERATES THE CHILL OF THE ARCTIC
AIR...BELOW ZERO READINGS ARE COMMON DURING THE TWELFTH MONTH.
RECORD LOW TEMPERATURES ARE AS LOW AS 36 BELOW ZERO AT IRONWOOD...
OBSERVED DURING A BRUTAL COLD SNAP IN MID DECEMBER 1983 THAT ALSO
DROPPED THE TEMPERATURE TO A MONTHLY RECORD 28 BELOW ZERO AT THE
MARQUETTE NWS. THE LOWEST TEMPERATURES RECORDED AT MANY LOCATIONS IN
UPPER MICHIGAN OCCURRED DURING AN ARCTIC OUTBREAK AT THE END OF
DECEMBER 1976...INCLUDING 26 BELOW ZERO AT IRON MOUNTAIN...25 BELOW
ZERO AT MANISTIQUE...21 BELOW ZERO AT MUNISING AND 15 BELOW ZERO AT
THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT. DECEMBER 1985 AND DECEMBER 1989 ALSO
SAW FREQUENT ARCTIC INVASIONS WITH MONTHLY TEMPERATURES AVERAGING AS
MUCH 10 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. A COLD WAVE ARRIVED IN DECEMBER 2004
JUST BEFORE CHRISTMAS. MORNING LOWS ON CHRISTMAS DAY THAT YEAR FELL
AS LOW AS 34 BELOW ZERO AT CHAMPION IN MARQUETTE COUNTY. MORE
RECENTLY...DECEMBER 2013 FEATURED VERY COLD WEATHER MOST OF THE TIME
AND A MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURE THAT ENDED UP BETWEEN 6 AND 10 DEGREES
BELOW NORMAL. IN FACT...DECEMBER 2013 GOES DOWN IN THE RECORD BOOKS
AMONG THE TOP 10 COLDEST ACROSS UPPER MICHIGAN.

DECEMBER 1994 GOES DOWN IN THE RECORD BOOKS AS ONE OF THE WARMEST
AND LEAST SNOWY IN UPPER MICHIGAN HISTORY WITH TEMPERATURES AS MUCH
AS 10 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL AND MANY PLACES PICKING UP LESS THAN 10
INCHES OF TOTAL SNOW. THE MARQUETTE NWS AND NEWBERRY ALL OBSERVED
THEIR WARMEST DECEMBER EVER. ALTHOUGH BROWN CHRISTMASES ARE RARE IN
UPPER MICHIGAN (BEFORE 1994 DOWNTOWN MARQUETTE OBSERVED A BROWN
CHRISTMAS IN 1923...1931... 1941...1946...1957 AND 1982)...MANY
LOCATIONS THAT YEAR HAD LITTLE IF ANY SNOW ON THE GROUND TO GREET
SANTA CLAUS. TEMPERATURES ON CHRISTMAS EVE AND CHRISTMAS DAY IN 1994
WERE NEAR 50 OR EVEN HIGHER AT IRONWOOD...IRON MOUNTAIN... NEWBERRY
AND MARQUETTE. MANY RECENT DECEMBERS HAVE ALSO BEEN ON THE MILD
SIDE. IN DECEMBER 2006...MONTHLY TEMPERATURES AVERAGED 5 TO 8
DEGREES ABOVE THE MEAN ACROSS UPPER MICHIGAN...AND THE MONTH ENDED
UP AS THE WARMEST DECEMBER ON RECORD AT THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT.
SINCE SNOWFALL OVER MUCH OF UPPER MICHIGAN WAS ALSO BELOW NORMAL...
MANY AREAS EAST OF CRYSTAL FALLS AND THE HURON MOUNTAINS SAW A BROWN
CHRISTMAS IN 2006. DECEMBER 2001 WAS THE WARMEST ON RECORD AT
MUNISING...MANISTIQUE...AND ONTONAGON. ON 12/5/2001...RARE DECEMBER
SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS FORMED IN A RECORD WARM AIRMASS AHEAD OF A COLD
FRONT AND PUMMELED IRON AND DICKINSON COUNTIES WITH LARGE HAIL.
IRON MOUNTAIN RECORDED ITS WARMEST DECEMBER IN 1997. THE FIRST
SEVERAL DAYS OF DECEMBER 1998 FEATURED RECORD WARMTH. MONTHLY RECORD
HIGH TEMPERATURES WERE SET AT IRON MOUNTAIN (64 ON 12/4)...IRONWOOD
(59 ON 12/4)...MANISTIQUE (59 ON 12/1) AND THE MARQUETTE NWS (59 ON
12/3). BUT THE ARRIVAL OF COLDER AIR AND HEAVY SNOW THE LAST HALF OF
DECEMBER 1998 PREVENTED THE MONTH FROM GOING DOWN AS ONE OF THE
WARMEST ON RECORD. ALTHOUGH DECEMBER 2002 STARTED ON A COLD
NOTE...TEMPERATURES THE LAST THREE WEEKS OF THE MONTH AVERAGED 10
DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL. MANY PLACES NOT IMPACTED BY LAKE EFFECT SNOW
HAD A BROWN CHRISTMAS IN 2002.

                   OUTLOOK FOR JANUARY THROUGH MARCH

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING EQUAL CHANCES OF
AN ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL 3-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE BUT A GREATER
THAN CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF BELOW NORMAL 3-MONTH PRECIPITATION
OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN JANUARY THROUGH MARCH 2015.

GO TO HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/CLIMATE/L3MTO.PHP TO ACCESS DETAILED
LOCAL THREE-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OUTLOOKS FOR A NUMBER OF SITES
IN UPPER MICHIGAN.

CHECK OUT HTTP://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT
THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER AND MORE LONG RANGE PREDICTIONS.

NOTE THAT STATISTICS FOR THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE IN
NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP ARE BASED ON RECORDS WHICH BEGAN IN OCTOBER 1961.
THIRTY YEAR NORMALS USED ARE FOR THE PERIOD OF 1981 THROUGH 2010.
NOTE ALL TEMPERATURES ARE IN FAHRENHEIT AND PRECIPITATION IS IN
INCHES. ALL CLIMATE DATA LISTED IN THIS PRODUCT ARE UNOFFICIAL. FOR
OFFICIAL DATA...PLEASE REFER TO THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER.
ALSO NOTE THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE DATA FROM CHIPPEWA AND
MACKINAC COUNTIES.

NWS MARQUETTE WEB PAGE IS AT HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/MQT (ALL LOWER
CASE). CONTACT THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER AT (828) 271-4800
OR WWW.NCDC.NOAA.GOV.

$$

KC




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