Climatological Report (Monthly)
Issued by NWS Marquette, MI

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000
CXUS53 KMQT 311827 AAC
CLMMQT

CLIMATE REPORT...FINAL
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MARQUETTE MI
127 PM EST WED DEC 31 2014

...................................

...THE MARQUETTE MI CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER 2014...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1961 TO 2014

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH              73   11/09/1999
 LOW              -13   11/29/1976
HIGHEST            50   11/03        35      15       51  11/17
                                                          11/15
LOWEST             -4   11/27        22     -26        0  11/29
                        11/26
                        11/20
AVG. MAXIMUM     28.9              37.6    -8.7     35.3
AVG. MINIMUM     14.1              23.0    -8.9     23.1
MEAN             21.5              30.3    -8.8     29.2
DAYS MAX >= 90      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MAX <= 32     18               9.2     8.8        9
DAYS MIN <= 32     28              25.8     2.2       24
DAYS MIN <= 0       6               0.5     5.5        1

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM         8.25   1988
 MINIMUM         0.81   1962
TOTALS           5.22              3.18    2.04     3.03
DAILY AVG.       0.17              0.11    0.06     0.10
DAYS >= .01        19              15.2     3.8       21
DAYS >= .10        10               7.1     2.9        9
DAYS >= .50         3               1.7     1.3        2
DAYS >= 1.00        2               0.5     1.5        0
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    2.51   11/10 TO 11/11

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL           48.9   1991
TOTALS           53.0R             24.4    28.6     19.0
SINCE 7/1        56.2              30.5    25.7     22.5
SNOWDEPTH AVG.     13                 4       9        1
DAYS >= 1.0        15               6.3     8.7        5
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH        25   11/12                          5  11/30
                                                          11/29
                                                          11/28
 24 HR TOTAL     21.1R  11/10 TO 11/11

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL    1298              1041     257     1068
 SINCE 7/1       2530              2202     328     2169
COOLING TOTAL       0                 0       0        0
 SINCE 1/1        152               242     -90      280
.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              MM
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    MM        DATE   MM
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    35/225    DATE  11/22

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)   MM
AVERAGE SKY COVER             MM
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR          MM
NUMBER OF DAYS PC            MM
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY        MM

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     MM

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM              0     MIXED PRECIP               0
HEAVY RAIN                0     RAIN                       0
LIGHT RAIN                5     FREEZING RAIN              0
LT FREEZING RAIN          3     HAIL                       0
HEAVY SNOW                2     SNOW                       5
LIGHT SNOW               25     SLEET                      0
FOG                       4     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE      3
HAZE                      0

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

...NOVEMBER 2014 MONTHLY CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR UPPER MICHIGAN...
/THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE CHIPPEWA AND MACKINAC COUNTIES/

...UNSEASONABLY COLD...

...RECORD COLDEST NOVEMBER AT THE MARQUETTE NWS AND MUNISING...
...SECOND COLDEST NOVEMBER AT IRONWOOD AND MANISTIQUE...
...THIRD COLDEST NOVEMBER AT NEWBERRY AND IRON MOUNTAIN...
...FIFTH COLDEST NOVEMBER AT MARQUETTE CITY...
...SEVENTH COLDEST NOVEMBER AT HOUGHTON...

...VERY WET WITH RECORD SNOWFALL AT SOME PLACES...

...RECORD NOVEMBER SNOWFALL AT NEWBERRY AND THE MARQUETTE NWS...
...RECORD NOVEMBER SNOWFALL AT IRONWOOD AND MUNISING...
...RECORD NOVEMBER SNOWFALL AT MANISTIQUE...
...FOURTH HIGHEST NOVEMBER SNOWFALL AT IRON MOUNTAIN...
...FIFTH HIGHEST NOVEMBER SNOWFALL AT HOUGHTON...
...SIXTH HIGHEST NOVEMBER SNOWFALL AT MARQUETTE CITY...

...FOURTH WETTEST NOVEMBER AT IRONWOOD AND MUNISING...
...SIXTH WETTEST NOVEMBER AT THE MARQUETTE NWS...
...NINTH WETTEST NOVEMBER AT NEWBERRY...

NOVEMBER CLIMATE STATISTICS FOR THE MARQUETTE NWS IN NEGAUNEE
 TOWNSHIP

                                    NORMAL   DEPARTURE
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE         21.5     30.3  MINUS    8.8
AVERAGE HIGH TEMPERATURE    28.9     37.6  MINUS    8.7
AVERAGE LOW TEMPERATURE     14.1     23.0  MINUS    8.9
HEATING DEGREE DAYS         1298     1041   PLUS    257
COOLING DEGREE DAYS            0        0             0
TOTAL PRECIPITATION         5.22     3.18   PLUS   2.04
TOTAL SNOWFALL              53.0     24.4   PLUS   28.6

HIGHEST TEMPERATURE:                    50 ON 11/3
LOWEST TEMPERATURE:                     -4 ON 11/20...11/26
                                              AND 11/27
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY PRECIPITATION:  1.89 ON 11/11
GREATEST 24 HOUR PRECIPITATION:       2.51 ON 11/10-11/11
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY SNOWFALL:       16.0 ON 11/11
GREATEST 24 HOUR SNOWFALL:            21.1 ON 11/10-11/11
PEAK WIND SPEED: 35 MPH FROM THE SOUTHWEST ON 11/21 AND 11/22

DAILY RECORD PRECIPITATION ON 11/10...1.20 /OLD RECORD 0.77...1998/
DAILY RECORD SNOWFALL ON 11/10...10.2 /9.5...1997/
DAILY RECORD PRECIPITATION ON 11/11...1.89 /1.04...1974/
DAILY RECORD SNOWFALL ON 11/11...16.0 /6.0...1977/
DAILY RECORD LOW MINIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 11/15...0 /3...2002/
DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 11/15...18 /24...2002/
DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 11/16...21 /24...1989/
DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 11/17...16 /17...2005/
DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 11/18...17 /18...1989/
DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 11/19...17 /23...1996/
DAILY RECORD LOW MINIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 11/20...-4 /1...1964/
DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 11/20...14 /18...1969&78/
DAILY RECORD LOW MINIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 11/27...-4 /0...1977&82/
DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE TIED ON 11/27...18 /18...1967/
---------------------------------------------------------------------
GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS (FEET/METERS ABOVE MEAN SEA LEVEL)

                            LAKE SUPERIOR  LAKE MICHIGAN-HURON
11/01/14 DAILY MEAN         602.68/183.70     579.19/176.54
11/30/14 DAILY MEAN         602.54/183.66     579.23/176.55
AVG OCT 2014 DAILY MEAN     602.71/183.71     579.20/176.54
AVG NOV 2013 DAILY MEAN     601.71/183.40     577.47/176.01
LONG TERM NOV DAILY MEAN    601.90/183.46     578.64/176.37
MAXIMUM NOV DAILY MEAN      603.31/183.89     581.96/177.38
                                (1985)           (1986)
MINIMUM NOV DAILY MEAN      600.43/183.01     576.28/175.65
                                (1925)           (1964)

...GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS ABOVE NORMAL IN NOVEMBER...

EVEN THOUGH WATER LEVELS TYPICALLY FALL SLOWLY IN NOVEMBER...ABOVE
NORMAL PRECIPITATION ACROSS THE UPPER GREAT LAKES AND SURROUNDING
AREAS THE LAST COUPLE OF MONTHS THAT HAS CONTRIBUTED TO GREATER
RUNOFF AS WELL AS RELATIVELY CHILLY LAKE WATER TEMPERATURES THAT
HAVE LIMITED EVAPORATION CONTRIBUTED TO A SLOW RISE IN THE LEVELS OF
LAKES MICHIGAN AND HURON IN NOVEMBER 2014. AT THE END OF THE
MONTH...THE LEVEL OF THESE LAKES WAS ALMOST 21 INCHES HIGHER THAN IN
NOVEMBER 2013 AND ABOUT 7 INCHES ABOVE THE LONG TERM NORMAL. THE
LEVEL OF LAKE SUPERIOR FELL SLOWLY DURING NOVEMBER BECAUSE MUCH OF
THE PRECIPITATION IN ITS DRAINAGE BASIN FELL AS SNOW AND LIMITED
RUNOFF. EVEN SO...THE LAKE SUPERIOR WATER LEVEL ON 11/30 WAS AROUND
10 INCHES HIGHER THAN DURING NOVEMBER 2013 AND 7 TO 8 INCHES HIGHER
THAN THE MONTHLY NORMAL DUE TO THE LONGER TERM WET PATTERN AND
DIMINISHED EVAPORATION.

DURING A MID MONTH COLD SNAP...ICE DEVELOPED IN SOME SHELTERED BAYS
ON LAKE SUPERIOR AS EARLY AS 11/15...THE EARLIEST ICE FORMATION
SINCE AT LEAST 1973.

OBTAIN GREAT LAKES WATER LEVEL DATA AS REPORTED BY THE U.S. ARMY
CORPS OF ENGINEERS AT

HTTP://WWW.LRE.USACE.ARMY.MIL/MISSIONS/GREATLAKESINFORMATION/
       GREATLAKESWATERLEVELS/CURRENTCONDITIONS.ASPX (ALL LOWER CASE).
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                      NOVEMBER CLIMATE HIGHLIGHTS

HIGHEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...56 AT PELKIE IN BARAGA COUNTY ON 11/3

LOWEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...-18 AT HERMAN IN BARAGA COUNTY
                               ON 11/28

HIGHEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...29.7 DEGREES AT COPPER HARBOR

LOWEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...19.0 DEGREES AT HERMAN IN BARAGA COUNTY

HIGHEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...7.13 INCHES AT BERGLAND DAM IN
                                 ONTONAGON COUNTY

LOWEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...2.47 INCHES AT MENOMINEE

HIGHEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...89.2 INCHES AT IRONWOOD

LOWEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...8.1 INCHES AT MENOMINEE

GREATEST SNOW DEPTH...35 INCHES AT BERGLAND DAM ON 11/20

ALTHOUGH THERE WERE SOME RELATIVELY WARM DAYS IN THE FIRST WEEK AND
AT TIMES DURING THE SECOND HALF OF THE MONTH...NOVEMBER 2014 WILL BE
REMEMBERED AS ONE OF THE TOP FIVE COLDEST AT MOST PLACES AND THE
COLDEST NOVEMBER ON RECORD AT THE MARQUETTE NWS OFFICE AND MUNISING.
THE CAUSE WAS A PERSISTENT...DEEP UPPER TROUGH THAT PREVAILED MUCH
OF THE TIME OVER CENTRAL AND EASTERN NORTH AMERICA DOWNWIND OF A
STRONG RIDGE ACROSS THE WESTERN PORTION OF THE CONTINENT THAT WAS
BUILT UP BY A STRONG PACIFIC TROPICAL STORM. THE PREVAILING NORTH TO
NORTHWEST FLOW OF CANADIAN AIR WITHIN THE TROUGH DROPPED MEAN
MONTHLY TEMPERATURES ACROSS WEST AND CENTRAL UPPER MICHIGAN TO
BETWEEN ABOUT 19 AND 30 DEGREES...5 AND 9 DEGREES BELOW THE LONG
TERM AVERAGE. THESE NOVEMBER MEAN TEMPERATURES WERE 16 TO 22 DEGREES
COLDER THAN THE OCTOBER VALUES.

THE PERSISTENT UPPER TROUGH ALSO RESULTED IN WELL ABOVE NORMAL
PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL. IN FACT...IRONWOOD...NEWBERRY...
MUNISING...MANISTIQUE...MUNISING AND THE MARQUETTE NWS ALL ENDURED
RECORD NOVEMBER SNOWFALL. NEARLY 90 INCHES OF SNOW ACCUMULATED OVER
THE FAR WEST THROUGH THE MONTH...INCLUDING THE RECORD 89.2 INCHES AT
IRONWOOD AND 87.4 INCHES AT BERGLAND DAM IN ONTONAGON COUNTY. THESE
SNOW TOTALS WERE MORE THAN 300 PERCENT OF THE MONTHLY NORMAL. THE
LEAST SNOW FELL ACROSS THE SOUTH CENTRAL...WHERE MENOMINEE REPORTED
ONLY 8 INCHES IN NOVEMBER. BUT THE 21.5 INCHES THAT ACCUMULATED AT
MANISTIQUE WAS STILL A RECORD AND ALMOST 5 TIMES THE MONTHLY NORMAL
4.5 INCHES FOR THAT LOCATION. WITH ALL THE COLD AIR BLOWING OVER THE
CHILLY BUT STILL RELATIVELY WARM WATERS OF LAKE SUPERIOR...FREQUENT
MODERATE TO HEAVY LAKE EFFECT SNOWS OCCURRED.

BUT THE BULK OF THE MONTHLY SNOW AT MANY PLACES AWAY FROM THE SOUTH
CENTRAL ACCUMULATED DURING A HISTORIC VETERANS DAY STORM THAT
OCCURRED ON 11/10 INTO 11/12. MODERATE TO HEAVY LAKE EFFECT SNOWS
THAT FELL DURING THE NORTH TO NORTHWEST FLOW OF COLDER AIR LEFT IN
THE WAKE OF THE RESPONSIBLE LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM PERSISTED FROM 11/12
INTO EARLY 11/14. STORM TOTAL SNOW REACHED AS MUCH AS 36 TO 45
INCHES OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE HURON MOUNTAINS...AND NORTH
WIND GUSTS AS HIGH AS 45 MPH NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR ALSO CAUSED
CONSIDERABLE BLOWING SNOW...MAINLY ON 11/11. THE 33.6 INCHES OF SNOW
AND 3.29 INCHES OF WATER EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION MEASURED AT THE
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE NEAR NEGAUNEE IN MARQUETTE COUNTY ON
11/10 INTO 11/14 WERE COMPARABLE TO THE PREVIOUS NOVEMBER RECORDS OF
33.1 INCHES AND 3.56 INCHES THAT FELL DURING A WINTER STORM ON 11/26
INTO 11/28 IN 2001.

NOVEMBER PRECIPITATION TOTALS WERE 3 TO 6 INCHES AT MOST PLACES AND
AS MUCH AS 7 INCHES OVER THE WEST...200 TO 250 PERCENT OF THE
MONTHLY NORMAL.

THE COLDEST WEATHER IN NOVEMBER OCCURRED FROM 11/9 UNTIL 11/21 AND
AROUND THANKSGIVING FROM 11/25 THROUGH 11/28. THE MEAN DAILY
TEMPERATURE ON MOST OF THESE DAYS WAS AT LEAST 10 DEGREES TO AS MUCH
AS 25 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. ON MANY OF THESE DAYS...THE MERCURY
NEVER ROSE OUT OF THE TEENS BUT THEN FELL BELOW ZERO AT NIGHT. AT
THE MARQUETTE NWS...THERE WERE DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURES
SIX DAYS IN A ROW FROM 11/15 THROUGH 11/20. THE MERCURY FELL BELOW
ZERO AT SOME LOCATIONS ON 11/15...11/19...11/20...11/21...11/26...
11/27 AND 11/28. DUE TO THIS RECORD COLD AND THE BELOW NORMAL LAKE
SUPERIOR WATER TEMPERATURES THAT HAVE PERSISTED SINCE LAST WINTER`S
EXTENSIVE COLD AND ICE COVER...SOME ICE DEVELOPED IN SOME OF THE
SHELTERED BAYS ALONG THE BIG LAKE AS EARLY AS 11/15...THE EARLIEST
ICE FORMATION ON THAT BODY OF WATER SINCE AT LEAST 1973. DURING THE
WARMER FIRST WEEK...THE THERMOMETER REACHED 50 OR HIGHER AT SOME
LOCATIONS ON 11/2 THROUGH 11/4. THERE WAS ALSO SOME 50 DEGREE
MAXIMUM TEMPERATURES AT A FEW LOCATIONS DURING A BRIEF WARMUP ON
11/23. THERE WERE NO OCCURRENCES OF 60 DEGREE TEMPERATURES IN
NOVEMBER.
---------------------------------------------------------------------
 ...TOP 5 COLDEST FIRST ELEVEN MONTHS OF THE YEAR AT MOST PLACES...

            ...JANUARY-NOVEMBER 2014 MEAN TEMPERATURE...

                                          /OR PREVIOUS/
              OBSERVED  NORMAL  DEPARTURE     RECORD      2014 RANK

MANISTIQUE      38.9     43.6     -4.7     40.3 /1972/ RECORD COLDEST

NEWBERRY        39.2     43.8     -4.6     40.2 /1972/ RECORD COLDEST

IRON MOUNTAIN   40.2     44.2     -4.0     41.4 /1972/ RECORD COLDEST

MUNISING        38.4     43.5     -5.1     38.8 /1917/ RECORD COLDEST

IRONWOOD        38.0     42.5     -4.5     37.9 /1917/    2ND COLDEST

MARQUETTE NWS   38.0     42.3     -4.3     38.5 /1972/ RECORD COLDEST

HOUGHTON        38.4     42.0     -3.6     37.3 /1888/    4TH COLDEST

MARQUETTE CITY  39.8     45.4     -5.6     38.4 /1885/    6TH COLDEST
---------------------------------------------------------------------
SOME OTHER TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION OBSERVATIONS ACROSS UPPER
MICHIGAN IN NOVEMBER 2014 INCLUDE:

IRONWOOD...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 21.2 (8.6 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 5.87 INCHES (3.17 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL 89.2 INCHES (64.7 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

WATERSMEET (GOGEBIC COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 3.07 INCHES
                              SNOWFALL 40.4 INCHES

ONTONAGON...SNOWFALL 30.3 INCHES


GREENLAND (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 26.9 DEGREES
                               PRECIPITATION 4.76 INCHES
                               SNOWFALL 51.8 INCHES

BERGLAND DAM (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 7.13 INCHES
                                  SNOWFALL 87.4 INCHES

HOUGHTON COUNTY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 25.7 (5.7 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
 AIRPORT          PRECIPITATION 3.35 INCHES (1.22 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)
                  SNOWFALL 51.9 INCHES (29.7 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

ATLANTIC MINE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 3.78 INCHES
                                  SNOWFALL 58.0 INCHES

PAINESDALE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...SNOWFALL 82.0 INCHES

MOHAWK (KEWEENAW COUNTY)...SNOWFALL 57.2 INCHES

COPPER HARBOR...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 29.7 DEGREES
                PRECIPITATION 3.51 INCHES
                SNOWFALL 26.9 INCHES

JACOBSVILLE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 25.1 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 3.55 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 35.2 INCHES

BARAGA...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 26.3 DEGREES
         PRECIPITATION 3.90 INCHES
         SNOWFALL 43.3 INCHES

HERMAN (BARAGA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 19.0 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 5.00 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 75.0 INCHES

CLARKSBURG (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 19.2 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 3.06 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 38.1 INCHES

BIG BAY (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 27.3 DEGREES
                             PRECIPITATION 5.33 INCHES
                             SNOWFALL 42.3 INCH

MARQUETTE CITY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 28.0 (6.8 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
                 PRECIPITATION 3.27 INCHES (0.65 INCH ABOVE NORMAL)
                 SNOWFALL 32.0 INCHES (21.1 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

HARVEY (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 27.8 DEGREES
                            PRECIPITATION 4.38 INCHES
                            SNOWFALL 36.0 INCHES

CHATHAM (ALGER COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 25.4 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 5.41 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 63.5 INCHES

MUNISING...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 26.1 (7.9 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 6.50 INCHES (2.76 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL 57.9 INCHES (44.9 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

NEWBERRY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 26.6 (7.3 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 4.34 INCHES (1.38 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL 47.7 INCHES (33.6 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

STAMBAUGH (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 19.4 DEGREES
                          PRECIPITATION 3.03 INCHES
                          SNOWFALL 33.2 INCHES

AMASA (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 21.3 DEGREES
                      PRECIPITATION 3.58 INCHES
                      SNOWFALL 32.1 INCHES

IRON MOUNTAIN...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 24.7 (7.3 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
                PRECIPITATION 3.25 INCHES (1.31 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)
                SNOWFALL 17.9 (12.0 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

NORWAY (DICKINSON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 24.7 DEGREES
                            PRECIPITATION 2.59 INCHES
                            SNOWFALL 13.6 INCHES

MENOMINEE...PRECIPITATION 2.47 INCHES
            SNOWFALL 8.1 INCHES

ESCANABA...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 29.1 DEGREES
           SNOWFALL 15.5 INCHES

GLADSTONE (DELTA COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 3.54 INCHES
                           SNOWFALL 23.8 INCHES

GARDEN CORNERS (DELTA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 27.7 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 3.81 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 18.0 INCHES

COOKS (SCHOOLCRAFT COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 4.54 INCHES
                             SNOWFALL 24.2 INCHES

MANISTIQUE...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 27.7 (6.7 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
             PRECIPITATION 3.66 INCHES (1.19 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)
             SNOWFALL 21.5 INCHES (17.0 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

                        NOVEMBER WEATHER SUMMARY

NOVEMBER 2014 BEGAN ON A RELATIVELY TRANQUIL NOTE AS AN UPPER RIDGE
MOVED INTO THE GREAT LAKES. WITH HIGH PRESSURE OVERHEAD TO START THE
MONTH...LOW TEMPERATURES ON 11/1 FELL NEAR ZERO OVER THE COLDER
INTERIOR WEST LOCATIONS AND ALL THE WAY TO -1 AT WAKEFIELD IN
GOGEBIC COUNTY. THE THERMOMETER AVERAGED AROUND 5 DEGREES BELOW
NORMAL ON 11/1...BUT READINGS REBOUNDED TO AROUND 5 DEGREES ABOVE
AVERAGE ON 11/2 INTO 11/4 AS A SOUTHWEST FLOW AROUND HIGH
PRESSURE MOVING FROM THE MIDWEST INTO THE SOUTHEAST STATES DREW
MILDER AIR INTO THE UPPER LAKES. AS MOISTER AIR RETURNED AS WELL
AHEAD OF AN APPROACHING COLD FRONT...SOME RAIN SHOWERS DEVELOPED ON
11/3 AND CONTINUED INTO THE MORNING ON 11/4...WHEN THE COLD FRONT
SURGED ACROSS UPPER MICHIGAN. MOST PLACES PICKED UP 0.10 TO 0.40
INCH OF RAIN. NORTHWEST WINDS GUSTING AS HIGH AS 35 TO 40 MPH
ADVECTED COLDER AIR INTO THE AREA ON 11/4...WHEN THE WIDESPREAD
SHOWERS ENDED BUT MIXED WITH SNOW.

A DISTURBANCE EMBEDDED WITHIN THE UPPER TROUGH DEEPENED BY THIS
SURGE OF COLDER AIR AND WHICH PASSED FROM THE UPPER MIDWEST THROUGH
THE CENTRAL GREAT LAKES CAUSED SOME MORE SHOWERS OF RAIN AND SNOW
FROM LATE ON 11/5 INTO THE MORNING ON 11/6...MAINLY OVER THE SOUTH
CENTRAL. AS MUCH AS 2 INCHES OF SNOW FELL AT IRON MOUNTAIN...AND A
LOCATION NEAR BARK RIVER IN DELTA COUNTY REPORTED UP TO 0.43 INCH OF
WATER EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION. A SECOND DISTURBANCE AND ATTENDANT
COLD FRONT CROSSED THE UPPER LAKES ON 11/7 AND 11/8...BRINGING
ANOTHER PERIOD OF MIXED PRECIPITATION THAT WAS MAINLY RAIN OVER THE
EAST. SEVERAL INCHES OF WET SNOW ACCUMULATED OVER MUCH OF THE WEST
HALF AWAY FROM THE WARMING INFLUENCE OF LAKE SUPERIOR...BUT AS MUCH
AS 6 INCHES FELL OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN. HERMAN IN BARAGA COUNTY
REPORTED 6.6 INCHES...AND 5.8 INCHES FELL AT CHAMPION/CLARKSBURG IN
MARQUETTE COUNTY. IRON MOUNTAIN REPORTED THE MOST LIQUID EQUIVALENT
PRECIPITATION WITH 0.75 INCH. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES NOT FAR FROM
NORMAL ON 11/5 FELL TOWARD 5 TO 10 DEGREES BELOW AVERAGE ON 11/7
THROUGH 11/9 AS PROGRESSIVELY COLDER AIR FOLLOWED THE DISTURBANCES
PASSING WITHIN THE INTENSIFYING UPPER TROUGH.

THE MOST SIGNIFICANT EVENT DURING NOVEMBER IMPACTED THE AREA FOR A
COUPLE OF DAYS AROUND VETERANS DAY. A LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM ORGANIZING
IN THE NORTH CENTRAL PLAINS UNDER THE DEEPENING UPPER TROUGH IN
CENTRAL NORTH AMERICA ON 11/10 MOVED EAST AND ACROSS NORTHERN LOWER
MICHIGAN ON 11/11. THIS LOW THEN LIFTED NORTHEAST TO NEAR JAMES BAY
ON 11/12 AND INTO NORTHERN QUEBEC ON 11/13. PERIODS OF HEAVY SNOW
ASSOCIATED WITH THE LOW OCCURRED ON 11/10 INTO 11/12 BEFORE THE
PRECIPITATION MODE SWITCHED TO LAKE EFFECT SNOWS LATER ON 11/12 INTO
EARLY 11/14 AS MUCH COLDER AIR FOLLOWED UNDER THE STRONG NORTH TO
NORTHWEST WINDS LEFT IN THE WAKE OF THE DEPARTING LOW. INCLUDING THE
LAKE EFFECT SNOWS THAT FELL... MOST LOCATIONS AWAY FROM THE SOUTH
CENTRAL SAW 1 TO 3 INCHES OF WATER EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION AND 18
TO 36 INCHES OF SNOW FROM 11/10 INTO 11/14. THROUGH ONLY MID DAY ON
11/12...A LOCATION OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN IN THE HURON MOUNTAINS
JUST NORTHWEST OF ISHPEMING IN MARQUETTE COUNTY WAS BURIED UNDER
42.5 INCHES. CHATHAM IN ALGER COUNTY REPORTED 41.0 INCHES OF THE
WHITE STUFF ON 11/10 INTO 11/14. SOME OTHER IMPRESSIVE SNOW TOTALS
INCLUDED 38.2 INCHES AT IRONWOOD...33.6 INCHES AT THE NATIONAL
WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE AT NEGAUNEE IN MARQUETTE COUNTY AND BERGLAND
DAM IN ONTONAGON COUNTY... AND 33.4 INCHES AT HERMAN IN BARAGA
COUNTY. NEGAUNEE SAW THE MOST LIQUID EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION WITH
3.29 INCHES. WIND GUSTS AS HIGH AS 45 MPH NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR ON 11/11
ALSO CAUSED CONSIDERABLE BLOWING SNOW. SINCE THE SOUTH CENTRAL WAS
CLOSER TO THE TRACK OF THE LOW AND SOME OF THE PRECIPITATION FELL AS
RAIN...STORM TOTALS IN THIS AREA WERE NOT AS SIGNIFICANT AS OVER THE
REST OF THE U.P. PRECIPITATION AND SNOW AMOUNTS SOUTH OF A LINE FROM
IRON MOUNTAIN TO MANISTIQUE WERE GENERALLY UNDER AN INCH AND 10
INCHES RESPECTIVELY. IN THE CITY OF MENOMINEE...TOTAL WATER
EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL WERE ONLY 0.41 INCH AND 0.6
INCH RESPECTIVELY. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES ON 11/10 THROUGH 11/13
WERE GENERALLY 5 TO 15 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL.

UNDER THE DEEP UPPER TROUGH THAT LINGERED DURING THE WEEK AFTER THIS
HISTORIC STORM...VERY COLD CANADIAN AIR DOMINATED CENTRAL NORTH
AMERICA. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES ACROSS UPPER MICHIGAN RAN 15 TO AS
MUCH AS 25 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL ON 11/14 THROUGH 11/21. NUMEROUS
DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM TEMPERATURES FELL BY THE
WAYSIDE DURING THIS WEEK...WHICH WOULD HAVE BEEN CHILLY EVEN BY
JANUARY STANDARDS. STAMBAUGH IN IRON COUNTY SAW THE MERCURY SINK AS
LOW AS -17 ON 11/15...AND READINGS ON MANY AFTERNOONS DURING THIS
WEEK FAILED TO RISE OUT OF THE TEENS AT THE COLDER INTERIOR
LOCATIONS. THE HIGH TEMPERATURE AT IRONWOOD ON 11/20 WAS ONLY 10
DEGREES...AND THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE IN NEGAUNEE
TOWNSHIP SET A DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM SIX DAYS IN A ROW FROM 11/15
THROUGH 11/20.

LIGHT TO MODERATE LAKE EFFECT SNOWS FELL DURING THIS VERY COLD
PERIOD AS THE ARCTIC AIR FLOWED OVER THE RELATIVELY WARM WATERS OF
LAKE SUPERIOR. THERE WERE TWO PERIODS OF HEAVIER LAKE EFFECT SNOWS.
AS A STRONG DISTURBANCE PASSED OVER THE UPPER LAKES ON 11/17 INTO
11/18...10 INCHES OR MORE OF SNOW FELL AT MANY PLACES IN THE FAVORED
SNOW BELTS. PAINESDALE IN HOUGHTON COUNTY MEASURED THE MOST WITH
17.6 INCHES. IRONWOOD AND BERGLAND DAM WERE CLOSE BEHIND WITH 16.5
AND 16.4 INCHES RESPECTIVELY DURING THIS EVENT. SOME OTHER HEAVY
TOTALS INCLUDED 10.5 INCHES AT MUNISING AND NEWBERRY...10.4 INCHES
AT HOUGHTON AND 10.1 INCHES AT MOHAWK IN KEWEENAW COUNTY.

SOME MORE HEAVIER SNOW SHOWERS OCCURRED ON 11/19 INTO EARLY 11/21 AS
A STRONG DISTURBANCE AND ACCOMPANYING LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM EMBEDDED
IN THE DEEP TROUGH MOVED ACROSS THE UPPER LAKES. THE NORTHWEST WIND
SNOW BELTS OVER WESTERN UPPER MICHIGAN REPORTED THE HEAVIEST
SNOWFALL...WITH 6 INCHES OR MORE COMMON. AS MUCH AS 19.1 INCHES
BURIED BERGLAND DAM...AND 13.0 INCHES ACCUMULATED AT PAINESDALE.
OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE HURON MOUNTAINS...HERMAN LOGGED 8.4
INCHES. GRAND MARAIS IN ALGER COUNTY LED REPORTING STATIONS OVER THE
EAST HALF WITH AN EVEN 9.0 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF. MUNISING AND
NEWBERRY REPORTED 7.0 AND 6.0 INCHES RESPECTIVELY.

THE UPPER TROUGH RETREATED INTO CANADA FOR A FEW DAYS ON 11/22 AND
11/23...GIVING WAY TO A MILDER AND MOIST PACIFIC FLOW OF AIR THAT
RAISED MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES TO 5 TO 10 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL ON
11/22 INTO 11/24. THIS MOIST FLOW OF AIR OVER MELTING SNOW CAUSED
AREAS OF DENSE FOG ON 11/23 INTO 11/24. AS THE UPPER TROUGH BEGAN TO
DEEPEN AGAIN IN THE PLAINS ON 11/23...A LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM
DEVELOPING IN THE SOUTHERN PLAINS MOVED INTO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES
ON 11/24. SINCE THE MERCURY ROSE INTO THE 40S AND EVEN AS HIGH AS 50
AT PELKIE IN BARAGA COUNTY AND NEAR BIG BAY IN MARQUETTE COUNTY ON
11/23...THE PRECIPITATION AHEAD OF THIS LOW BEGAN AS RAIN. BUT AS
THE LOW CENTER SHIFTED TO THE EAST OF UPPER MICHIGAN ON 11/24...
NORTH WINDS GUSTING AS HIGH AS 40 MPH DREW ENOUGH COLDER AIR INTO
THE AREA TO CHANGE THE RAIN TO SNOW...WHICH DID NOT END COMPLETELY
UNTIL TRAILING HIGH PRESSURE MOVED IN ON 11/25. THE HEAVIEST
PRECIPITATION IN EXCESS OF 1.50 INCHES FELL EAST OF A LINE FROM
MUNISING TO ESCANABA...WHERE NEWBERRY LOGGED 1.69 INCHES OF WATER
EQUIVALENT ON 11/23 INTO 11/25. BUT SINCE THE RAIN CHANGED TO SNOW
QUICKER OVER THE WEST...THE MOST SNOW FELL AT IRONWOOD AND HERMAN...
WHICH REPORTED 12.8 INCHES AND 11.4 INCHES RESPECTIVELY. GLADSTONE
IN DELTA COUNTY PICKED UP 9.8 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF. SOME OTHER
NOTABLE TOTALS OVER THE EAST INCLUDED 8.9 INCHES AT MANISTIQUE...8.7
INCHES AT GARDEN CORNERS IN DELTA COUNTY AND 8.3 INCHES AT NEWBERRY.

ANOTHER PERIOD OF VERY COLD WEATHER FOLLOWING THIS LOW PRESSURE
SYSTEM INFLUENCED UPPER MICHIGAN THROUGH THANKSGIVING DAY...WHICH
FELL ON 11/27 THIS YEAR. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES ON 11/25 THROUGH
11/28 AVERAGED AS MUCH AS 15 TO 20 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL...AND MORE
NEW DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM TEMPERATURES WERE
ESTABLISHED ON THESE DAYS. THE MONTHLY LOW TEMPERATURE OF -18
OCCURRED IN THE EARLY MORNING ON 11/28 AT HERMAN. SOME LOCALLY HEAVY
LAKE EFFECT SNOWS FELL OVER MAINLY THE WEST IN THE EVENING ON 11/26.
BY THE TIME THE SNOW SHOWERS DIMINISHED ON THANKSGIVING MORNING...AS
MUCH AS 14 INCHES OF SNOW HAD FALLEN AT BESSEMER IN GOGEBIC COUNTY.

THERE WAS A RETURN OF WARMER AIR ON 11/29 AS THE UPPER TROUGH
RETREATED AND GAVE WAY TO A WEST-TO-EAST FLOW OF MILDER PACIFIC AIR.
AN AREA OF LIGHT SNOW THAT MIXED WITH OR CHANGED TO DRIZZLE AND
FREEZING DRIZZLE AHEAD OF THE WARM FRONT THAT MARKED THE LEADING
EDGE OF THE MORE MODERATE AIRMASS DROPPED AN INCH OR TWO
ACCUMULATION OVER MAINLY THE SOUTH CENTRAL LATE ON 11/28. MEAN DAILY
TEMPERATURES ON 11/29 RECOVERED UP TO 5 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL. BUT
THE WARMUP TURNED OUT TO BE BRIEF AS A STRONG COLD FRONT ASSOCIATED
WITH THE DEEPENING TROUGH IN CENTRAL NORTH AMERICA PLOWED ACROSS
UPPER MICHIGAN EARLY ON 11/30. MORE GENERALLY LIGHT LAKE EFFECT SNOW
SHOWERS DEVELOPED DURING THE DAY AS THE MERCURY FELL UP TO 5 DEGREES
BELOW NORMAL FOR THE DAY.

                         JANUARY FORECAST

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING EQUAL CHANCES OF
AN ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURE AND MONTHLY
PRECIPITATION OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN JANUARY 2015.

                       JANUARY CLIMATOLOGY

ALTHOUGH DAYLIGHT BEGINS TO INCREASE THROUGH JANUARY (519 MINUTES OF
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE ON 1/1 TO 576 MINUTES ON 1/31)...TEMPERATURES
CONTINUE THEIR DOWNWARD SLIDE DURING THE MONTH AS ARCTIC AIRMASSES
MAKE FREQUENT VISITS TO UPPER MICHIGAN. IN FACT...JANUARY IS THE
COLDEST MONTH AT ALL REPORTING STATIONS...WITH AVERAGE TEMPERATURES
5 TO 6 DEGREES LOWER THAN IN DECEMBER.

THE COLDEST FIRST MONTH IN RECENT MEMORY WAS JANUARY 1994...WHEN
TEMPERATURES ACROSS ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN AVERAGED ABOUT 10 DEGREES
BELOW NORMAL AND THE MERCURY NEVER ROSE ABOVE THE FREEZING MARK.
JANUARY 1994 GOES DOWN IN THE RECORD BOOKS AS THE COLDEST EVER AT
THE MARQUETTE NWS (AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 2.8)...IRON MOUNTAIN (3.0)...
THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT (4.9)...MANISTIQUE (5.8)...ONTONAGON
(5.8)...AND MUNISING (7.8). NEWBERRY RECORDED ITS SECOND COLDEST
JANUARY IN 1994 (5.3)...AND IRONWOOD ITS FOURTH COLDEST (-0.3).
WATER PIPES FROZE IN A NUMBER OF HOMES THROUGHOUT UPPER MICHIGAN
THAT COLD MONTH. A BRUTAL ARCTIC OUTBREAK IN MID-JANUARY 2005 DROVE
TEMPERATURES AS LOW AS -31 AT CHAMPION IN MARQUETTE COUNTY. AT
IRONWOOD...THE MERCURY REMAINED BELOW ZERO FROM LATE IN THE
AFTERNOON ON 1/13 UNTIL JUST AFTER DAWN ON 1/18 IN 2005...INCLUDING
A HIGH OF 6 BELOW ZERO ON 1/15. BOTH IRONWOOD AND NEWBERRY...WHERE
RECORDS GO BACK TO THE EARLY 1900S...SAW THEIR COLDEST JANUARY IN
1912...WHEN AVERAGE TEMPERATURES WERE A FRIGID -5.3 AND 2.7
RESPECTIVELY. MORE RECENTLY...JANUARY 2014 WAS A TOP TEN COLDEST
FIRST MONTH AT MANY LOCATIONS WITH A PERSISTENT UPPER TROUGH LOCKED
OVER THE GREAT LAKES THROUGH THE MONTH. THE MEAN MONTHLY TEMPERATURE
IN JANUARY 2014 WAS 6 TO 10 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL.

ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE COIN...JANUARY 2006 IS THE WARMEST FIRST
MONTH ON RECORD AT MOST PLACES ACROSS UPPER MICHIGAN. MONTHLY MEAN
TEMPERATURES AVERAGED AN INCREDIBLE 10 TO 15 DEGREES ABOVE THE
LONG-TERM NORMAL. A STRONG WEST-TO-EAST FLOW ALOFT KEPT ARCTIC AIR
BOTTLED UP WELL NORTH IN CANADA...AND THE DAILY TEMPERATURE ENDED UP
ABOVE THE MEAN ALL 31 DAYS OF THE MONTH AT MOST SITES. THERE WAS
ALMOST A COMPLETE ABSENCE OF SUB-ZERO TEMPERATURES IN JANUARY 2006.
FOR THE FIRST TIME SINCE RECORDS BEGAN IN 1901...THE MERCURY DID NOT
FALL BELOW ZERO IN JANUARY AT IRONWOOD IN 2006. AT IRON MOUNTAIN AND
THE MARQUETTE NWS...2006 JOINS 2002 AS THE ONLY YEAR WHEN THE
THERMOMETER NEVER DIPPED BELOW ZERO IN JANUARY. AT MANY PLACES WEST
OF MUNISING AND ESCANABA...1/27/2006 WAS THE WARMEST OR ONE OF THE
TOP FIVE WARMEST JANUARY DAYS ON RECORD. MAXIMUM TEMPERATURES PEAKED
AT OR ABOVE 50 AT MANY LOCATIONS...INCLUDING THE HOUGHTON COUNTY
AIRPORT. THE PREVIOUS HIGHEST JANUARY TEMPERATURE ON RECORD THERE
HAD BEEN 43. AVERAGE JANUARY TEMPERATURES IN 2002...2001...AND 1990
WERE AMONG THE TOP FIVE HIGHEST ON RECORD AT MANY LOCATIONS.
READINGS DURING THOSE MONTHS AVERAGED 5 TO 10 DEGREES OR MORE ABOVE
NORMAL. EVEN MORE RECENTLY...JANUARY 2012 WAS QUITE WARM. MONTHLY
MEAN TEMPERATURES AVERAGED 4 TO 7 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL...ENOUGH TO
QUALIFY THAT JANUARY AS ONE OF THE TOP TEN WARMEST FIRST MONTHS ON
RECORD.

JANUARY IS THE SNOWIEST MONTH OF THE YEAR AT MOST LOCATIONS. THE
PASSAGE OF ARCTIC AIR OVER THE TYPICALLY UNFROZEN LAKE SUPERIOR
RESULTS IN CONSIDERABLE LAKE EFFECT SNOW. AS THE COLD AIR PASSES
OVER THE RELATIVELY WARM WATERS OF THE LAKE...THE AIRMASS BECOMES
INCREASINGLY UNSTABLE. THE RESULT IS A GREATER FREQUENCY OF LOW
CLOUD AND SNOW SHOWERS...WHICH ARE TYPICALLY HEAVIER AND MORE
WIDESPREAD OVER HIGHER TERRAIN JUST DOWNWIND OF LAKE SUPERIOR. THE
LOCATION OF MAXIMUM SNOWFALL IS VERY DEPENDENT ON THE LOW LEVEL WIND
DIRECTION BECAUSE THE LONGEST WIND FETCH ACROSS THE WATER RESULTS IN
GREATEST DESTABILIZATION. A WEST WIND FAVORS THE KEWEENAW PENINSULA;
A NORTHWEST WIND USUALLY RESULTS IN HEAVIER SNOW AROUND ONTONAGON
AND IN ALGER AND LUCE COUNTIES; AND A NORTH TO NORTHEAST WIND CAUSES
THE HEAVIEST SNOW AROUND IRONWOOD AND IN THE NORTH CENTRAL HIGHLANDS
OF BARAGA AND MARQUETTE COUNTIES. ALTHOUGH LARGE SCALE STORM SYSTEMS
THAT TYPICALLY MOVE NORTHEAST FROM THE PLAINS STATES INTO THE GREAT
LAKES CAN ALSO BRING HEAVY SNOW TO INLAND LOCATIONS...AVERAGE
JANUARY PRECIPITATION IS QUITE A BIT LESS AWAY FROM LAKE SUPERIOR.
FOR INSTANCE...THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT PICKS UP 62.8 INCHES OF
SNOW AND 3.71 INCHES OF LIQUID EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION DURING A
TYPICAL JANUARY. IRON MOUNTAIN RECEIVES ONLY 15.0 INCHES OF SNOW AND
1.25 INCHES OF LIQUID EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION ON AVERAGE. WHILE
RECORD SNOWS AT INLAND LOCATIONS ARE TYPICALLY AROUND 50 INCHES...
LOCATIONS THAT RECEIVE BOTH LAKE EFFECT AND SYNOPTIC SNOW CAN PICK
UP 100 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF. DURING THE COLD JANUARY OF 2004...
A LOCATION JUST SOUTHWEST OF ONTONAGON WAS BURIED UNDER 121 INCHES
OF THE WHITE STUFF. TWO HEART IN LUCE COUNTY LOGGED 115 INCHES...AND
BOTH PAINESDALE IN HOUGHTON COUNTY AND PHOENIX IN KEWEENAW COUNTY
REPORTED 112 INCHES. SNOWFALL IN JANUARY 1997 WAS ALSO HEAVY...106.3
INCHES FELL AT THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT...100.7 INCHES AT
IRONWOOD...91.7 INCHES AT THE MARQUETTE NWS...AND 88.7 INCHES AT
MUNISING.

DURING DRY AND/OR WARM YEARS...MONTHLY SNOWFALL MAY NOT EXCEED 12
INCHES AT MANY LOCATIONS. IRON MOUNTAIN PICKED UP ONLY 2.3 INCHES OF
SNOW IN JANUARY 1961...EVEN THOUGH THE MONTHLY TEMPERATURE WAS NEAR
NORMAL. AN ACTIVE STORM TRACK THAT YEAR TOO FAR TO THE SOUTH LEFT
MUCH OF UPPER MICHIGAN AWAY FROM LAKE SUPERIOR HIGH AND DRY (TOTAL
LIQUID EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION AT IRON MOUNTAIN WAS ONLY 0.12
INCHES). DURING A RELATIVELY DRY AND MILD JANUARY 1973 WHEN THERE
WERE FEW ARCTIC INVASIONS...THE MARQUETTE NWS RECORDED ONLY 12.0
INCHES OF SNOW. THE RECORD LOW JANUARY SNOWFALL AT THE HOUGHTON
COUNTY AIRPORT IS 27.7 INCHES (1968).

                 OUTLOOK FOR FEBRUARY THROUGH APRIL

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING EQUAL CHANCES OF
AN ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL 3-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE BUT A GREATER
THAN CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF BELOW NORMAL 3-MONTH PRECIPITATION
OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN FEBRUARY THROUGH APRIL 2015.

GO TO HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/CLIMATE/L3MTO.PHP TO ACCESS DETAILED
LOCAL THREE-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OUTLOOKS FOR A NUMBER OF SITES
IN UPPER MICHIGAN.

CHECK OUT HTTP://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT
THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER AND MORE LONG RANGE PREDICTIONS.

NOTE THAT STATISTICS FOR THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE IN
NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP ARE BASED ON RECORDS WHICH BEGAN IN OCTOBER 1961.
THIRTY YEAR NORMALS USED ARE FOR THE PERIOD OF 1981 THROUGH 2010.
NOTE ALL TEMPERATURES ARE IN FAHRENHEIT AND PRECIPITATION IS IN
INCHES. ALL CLIMATE DATA LISTED IN THIS PRODUCT ARE UNOFFICIAL. FOR
OFFICIAL DATA...PLEASE REFER TO THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER.
ALSO NOTE THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE DATA FROM CHIPPEWA AND
MACKINAC COUNTIES.

NWS MARQUETTE WEB PAGE IS AT HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/MQT (ALL LOWER
CASE). CONTACT THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER AT (828) 271-4800
OR WWW.NCDC.NOAA.GOV.

$$

KC





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