Climatological Report (Monthly)
Issued by NWS Marquette, MI

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CXUS53 KMQT 291135 AAB
CLMMQT

CLIMATE REPORT...FINAL
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MARQUETTE MI
635 AM EST THU DEC 29 2016

...................................

...THE MARQUETTE MI CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER 2016...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1961 TO 2016

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH              73   11/09/1999
 LOW              -13   11/29/1976
HIGHEST            71   11/06        35      36       67  11/03
LOWEST             10   11/22        22     -12        5  11/27
AVG. MAXIMUM     47.3              37.6     9.7     44.8
AVG. MINIMUM     30.8              23.0     7.8     28.3
MEAN             39.1              30.3     8.8     36.5
DAYS MAX >= 90      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MAX <= 32      4               9.2    -5.2        6
DAYS MIN <= 32     16              25.8    -9.8       20
DAYS MIN <= 0       0               0.5    -0.5        0

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM         8.25   1988
 MINIMUM         0.81   1962
TOTALS           1.78              3.18   -1.40     2.15
DAILY AVG.       0.06              0.11   -0.05     0.07
DAYS >= .01        14              15.2    -1.2       12
DAYS >= .10         9               7.1     1.9        6
DAYS >= .50         0               1.7    -1.7        2
DAYS >= 1.00        0               0.5    -0.5        0
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    0.62   11/28 TO 11/29

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL           53.0   2014
TOTALS           14.2              24.4   -10.2      6.7
SINCE 7/1        14.2              30.5   -16.3      7.9
SNOWDEPTH AVG.      1                 4      -3        1
DAYS >= 1.0         4               6.3    -2.3        2
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH         5   11/24                          4  11/28
                                                          11/27
 24 HR TOTAL      8.4   11/19 TO 11/20

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL     771              1041    -270      846
 SINCE 7/1       1625              2202    -577     1832
COOLING TOTAL       0                 0       0        0
 SINCE 1/1        246               242       4      250
.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              MM
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    MM        DATE   MM
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    39/270    DATE  11/19

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)   MM
AVERAGE SKY COVER             MM
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR          MM
NUMBER OF DAYS PC            MM
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY        MM

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     MM

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM              0     MIXED PRECIP               1
HEAVY RAIN                0     RAIN                       0
LIGHT RAIN               14     FREEZING RAIN              0
LT FREEZING RAIN          1     HAIL                       0
HEAVY SNOW                0     SNOW                       0
LIGHT SNOW               10     SLEET                      2
FOG                       7     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE      2
HAZE                      0

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

...NOVEMBER 2016 MONTHLY CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR UPPER MICHIGAN...
/THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE CHIPPEWA AND MACKINAC COUNTIES/

...SOME RECORD NOVEMBER WARMTH...
...RECORD WARMEST NOVEMBER AT MANISTIQUE AND MUNISING...
...RECORD WARMEST NOVEMBER AT MARQUETTE CITY AND HOUGHTON...
...SECOND WARMEST NOVEMBER AT THE MARQUETTE NWS AND NEWBERRY...
...SECOND WARMEST NOVEMBER AT IRON MOUNTAIN...
...THIRD WARMEST NOVEMBER AT IRONWOOD...

...NEAR TO BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION...

...BELOW NORMAL SNOWFALL...

NOVEMBER CLIMATE STATISTICS FOR THE MARQUETTE NWS
 IN NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP

                                    NORMAL   DEPARTURE
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE         39.1     30.3   PLUS    8.3
AVERAGE HIGH TEMPERATURE    47.3     37.6   PLUS    9.7
AVERAGE LOW TEMPERATURE     30.8     23.0   PLUS    7.8
HEATING DEGREE DAYS          771     1041  MINUS    270
COOLING DEGREE DAYS            0        0             0
TOTAL PRECIPITATION         1.78     3.18  MINUS   1.40
TOTAL SNOWFALL              14.2     24.4  MINUS   12.2

HIGHEST TEMPERATURE:                    71 ON 11/6
LOWEST TEMPERATURE:                     10 ON 11/22
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY PRECIPITATION:  0.34 ON 11/29
GREATEST 24 HOUR PRECIPITATION:       0.62 ON 11/28-11/29
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY SNOWFALL:        7.1 ON 11/20
PEAK WIND SPEED:      39 MPH FROM THE WEST ON 11/19

DAILY RECORD HIGH MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 11/6...71 /OLD RECORD 66...
                                                    2001/
DAILY RECORD HIGH MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 11/7...64 /63...2009/
DAILY RECORD HIGH MINIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 11/10...42 /40...1974/
DAILY RECORD HIGH MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 11/10...66 /57...2010&2015/
SECOND HIGHEST NOVEMBER MEAN TEMPERATURE...39.1 /RECORD 39.9...2001/
---------------------------------------------------------------------
 ...SEPTEMBER THROUGH NOVEMBER CLIMATE STATS FOR THE MARQUETTE NWS...

                       ...RECORD WARMEST FALL...
      ...NEAR NORMAL PRECIPITATION BUT BELOW NORMAL SNOWFALL...

                         AVERAGE TEMPERATURE

                                           PREVIOUS
              OBSERVED NORMAL DEPARTURE     RECORD          RANK
MARQUETTE NWS   48.1    43.1    +5.0      47.3 /1963/  RECORD WARMEST

                            PRECIPITATION

              OBSERVED NORMAL DEPARTURE     RECORD          RANK
MARQUETTE NWS  10.31   10.74    -0.43    17.23 /1988/       ****

                               SNOWFALL

              OBSERVED NORMAL DEPARTURE     RECORD          RANK
MARQUETTE NWS   14.2    30.5    -16.3      6.6 /2009/    15TH LOWEST

**** RANK NOT IN TOP 25
---------------------------------------------------------------------
  ...JANUARY THROUGH NOVEMBER CLIMATE STATS FOR THE MARQUETTE NWS...

                ...WARMER AND WETTER THAN NORMAL...

                         AVERAGE TEMPERATURE

              OBSERVED NORMAL DEPARTURE    RECORD         RANK
MARQUETTE NWS   44.4    42.1    +2.3     45.8 /2012/   5TH WARMEST

                            PRECIPITATION

              OBSERVED NORMAL DEPARTURE    RECORD         RANK
MARQUETTE NWS  38.08   33.11    +4.97   47.62 /1985/  10TH HIGHEST
---------------------------------------------------------------------
GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS (FEET/METERS ABOVE MEAN SEA LEVEL)

                             LAKE SUPERIOR  LAKE MICHIGAN-HURON
11/01/16 DAILY MEAN          602.45/183.63     579.52/176.64
11/30/16 DAILY MEAN          602.12/183.53     579.36/176.52
AVG OCT 2016 DAILY MEAN      602.62/183.68     579.69/176.69
AVG NOV 2015 DAILY MEAN      602.30/183.58     579.19/176.54
LONG TERM NOV DAILY MEAN     601.90/183.46     578.64/176.37
MAXIMUM NOV DAILY MEAN       603.31/183.89     581.96/177.38
                                 (1985)           (1986)
MINIMUM NOV DAILY MEAN       600.43/183.01     576.28/175.65
                                 (1925)           (1964)

...WATER LEVELS FALL BUT REMAIN ABOVE NORMAL IN NOVEMBER...

EVEN THOUGH THE OBSERVED GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS FELL DURING
NOVEMBER DUE TO THE DRIER WEATHER OBSERVED THE LAST TWO MONTHS, THE
WELL ABOVE NORMAL WATER LEVELS AT THE END OF SUMMER ENSURED THE
LAKES REMAINED ABOVE AVERAGE THROUGH 11/30. AT THE END OF NOVEMBER,
WATER LEVELS ON LAKE SUPERIOR WERE 2 TO 3 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL BUT 2
TO 3 INCHES LOWER THAN OBSERVED IN NOVEMBER 2015. THE LEVEL ON LAKES
MICHIGAN AND HURON REMAINED 8 TO 9 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL AT THE END OF
THE MONTH AND ABOUT 2 INCHES HIGHER THAN IN NOVEMBER 2015.

OBTAIN GREAT LAKES WATER LEVEL DATA AS REPORTED BY THE U.S. ARMY
CORPS OF ENGINEERS AT

HTTP://WWW.LRE.USACE.ARMY.MIL/MISSIONS/GREATLAKESINFORMATION/
       GREATLAKESWATERLEVELS/CURRENTCONDITIONS.ASPX.
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                     NOVEMBER CLIMATE HIGHLIGHTS

HIGHEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...76 AT PELKIE IN BARAGA COUNTY ON 11/6

LOWEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...5 NEAR COVINGTON IN BARAGA COUNTY
                               ON 11/22

HIGHEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...42.9 DEGREES AT MARQUETTE CITY

LOWEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...36.0 DEGREES AT HERMAN IN BARAGA COUNTY

HIGHEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...2.78 INCHES AT GARDEN CORNERS IN
                                 DELTA COUNTY

LOWEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...1.18 INCHES AT BARAGA

HIGHEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...16.9 INCHES AT IRONWOOD

LOWEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...TRACE AT MANISTIQUE...ESCANABA AND
                           MENOMINEE

NOVEMBER 2016 WAS ANOTHER WARM MONTH OVER THE UPPER GREAT LAKES
DOMINATED BY A WEST-TO-EAST FLOW OF PACIFIC AIR. IN FACT, MOST
PLACES EXPERIENCED A TOP THREE WARMEST NOVEMBER ON RECORD IN 2016.
AT MANISTIQUE, MUNISING, MARQUETTE CITY AND HOUGHTON, NOVEMBER 2016
GOES DOWN IN THE RECORD BOOKS AS THE WARMEST ELEVENTH MONTH. MEAN
MONTHLY TEMPERATURES RANGING FROM ABOUT 36 TO 43 DEGREES ARE 7 TO 10
DEGREES ABOVE THE 30-YEAR NORMALS AND ONLY 6 TO 10 DEGREES COOLER
THAN THE OCTOBER 2016 READINGS.

SINCE THERE WERE RELATIVELY FEW STRONG LOW PRESSURE SYSTEMS EMBEDDED
IN THE PACIFIC FLOW AND LAKE EFFECT SNOWS WERE BELOW NORMAL WITH
WARMER-THAN-NORMAL AIRMASSES PREVAILING, MONTHLY PRECIPITATION
RANGING FROM 1.18 INCHES AT BARAGA TO JUST A LITTLE OVER 2.75 INCHES
AT GARDEN CORNERS IN DELTA COUNTY ENDED UP FROM NEAR NORMAL TO
BELOW AVERAGE DURING NOVEMBER 2016. THE 1.87 INCHES OF WATER
EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION THAT FELL AT NEWBERRY IS ONLY ABOUT 63
PERCENT OF THE MONTHLY AVERAGE FOR THAT LOCATION.

WITH THE LOWER THAN AVERAGE LAKE EFFECT SNOW, NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL
MONTHLY PRECIPITATION, AND PREVAILING WARMER PACIFIC AIR, NOVEMBER
SNOWFALL WAS BELOW NORMAL TO MUCH BELOW AVERAGE. EVEN AT IRONWOOD,
WHICH LED REPORTING STATIONS WITH 16.9 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF
DURING NOVEMBER, THAT MONTHLY SNOW TOTAL IS ONLY A BIT LESS THAN 70
PERCENT OF THE NOVEMBER AVERAGE FOR THAT LOCATION. SEVERAL SITES
NEAR LAKE MICHIGAN PICKED UP JUST A TRACE OF SNOW THE WHOLE MONTH,
INCLUDING AT MANISTIQUE, ESCANABA AND MENOMINEE.

THE FIRST HALF OF NOVEMBER WAS PARTICULARLY WARM AS AN UPPER RIDGE
PERSISTED MUCH OF THE TIME OVER THE GREAT LAKES TO THE SOUTH OF THE
JET STREAM IN CANADA. IN THE FLOOD OF PACIFIC AIR THAT PREVAILED
DURING THIS TIME, MAXIMUM TEMPERATURES AT SOME PLACES ACROSS UPPER
MICHIGAN REACHED THE WARM 70S ON 11/1...11/5 THROUGH 11/7 AND AGAIN
ON 11/10. THERE WERE SOME 60-DEGREE HIGH TEMPERATURES ON 11/1...
11/2...11/4 THROUGH 11/7...11/9...11/10 AND 11/13. THE HOUGHTON
COUNTY AIRPORT REPORTED A RECORD HIGHEST NOVEMBER TEMPERATURE OF 72
ON 11/6. ON MANY DAYS THROUGH 11/18, MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES
AVERAGED 10 TO 20 AND EVEN AS MUCH AS 25 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL.
THE ONLY DAY DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THE MONTH WHEN THE MEAN DAILY
TEMPERATURE DROPPED CLOSE TO NORMAL WAS ON 11/11 FOLLOWING A COLD
FRONTAL PASSAGE LATE ON 11/10. SOME PLACES SAW SOME LIGHT SNOW
SHOWERS ON 11/11. OTHERWISE, THERE WERE NO SIGNIFICANT PRECIPITATION
EVENTS THROUGH 11/17.

A DEEP LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM MOVING NORTHEAST FROM THE CENTRAL PLAINS
ON 11/18 AND THROUGH THE WESTERN GREAT LAKES INTO ONTARIO ON 11/19
BROUGHT THE FIRST WIDESPREAD PRECIPITATION EVENT OF THE MONTH AS
WELL AS THE FIRST SIGNIFICANT LAKE EFFECT SNOW OF THE SEASON TO MANY
AREAS NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR. SINCE THE STORM SYSTEM PASSED OVER WESTERN
UPPER MICHIGAN, ACCOMPANYING PRECIPITATION BEGAN AS RAIN IN THE
PRESENCE OF THE VERY WARM AIR THAT WAS IN PLACE. BUT THEN NORTHWEST
WINDS GUSTING AS HIGH AS 55 TO 65 MPH BEHIND THE DEPARTING LOW
PRESSURE SYSTEM DROVE A SEASONABLY COLD CANADIAN AIRMASS INTO THE
UPPER LAKES, RESULTING IN A TRANSITION TO THE LAKE EFFECT SNOW
SHOWERS. THESE STRONG WINDS ALSO RESULTED IN BLOWING SNOW. BY THE
TIME AN APPROACHING HIGH PRESSURE RIDGE ENDED THE SNOW SHOWERS AND
DIMINISHED THE WINDS IN THE MORNING ON 11/20, MANY LOCATIONS IN THE
FAVORED SNOW BELTS NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR HAD PICKED UP 2 TO 4 INCHES OF
THE WHITE STUFF. NEGAUNEE IN MARQUETTE COUNTY LED REPORTING STATIONS
WITH 9.5 INCHES. MARQUETTE CITY AND IRONWOOD WERE CLOSE BEHIND WITH
9.0 AND 8.0 INCHES OF SNOW RESPECTIVELY. WATER EQUIVALENT
PRECIPITATION WAS 0.50 TO 1.00 INCH AT MANY PLACES OVER THE
NORTHWEST HALF OF THE U.P. AS MUCH AS 1.28 INCHES FELL AT IRONWOOD.
BUT PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL WERE QUITE A BIT LIGHTER OVER THE
SOUTH CENTRAL, WHERE MANY PLACES LOGGED NO MORE THAN 0.10 INCH OF
LIQUID EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION AND A TRACE OF SNOW.

EXCEPT FOR THE BRIEF COOL DOWN ON 11/11, THE PERIOD FROM 11/19 INTO
11/23 WAS THE ONLY TIME IN NOVEMBER WHEN MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES RAN
BELOW NORMAL AS AN UPPER TROUGH DEEPENED ACROSS EASTERN NORTH
AMERICA. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURE ON 11/20 AND 11/21 RAN CLOSE TO 10
DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. DURING THE MORNING ON 11/22, SOME OF THE
COLDER INTERIOR LOCATIONS SAW THE MERCURY DIP INTO THE SINGLE DIGITS
ABOVE ZERO AS CANADIAN HIGH PRESSURE BUILT OVER THE AREA. BUT THERE
WERE NO SUB ZERO LOW TEMPERATURES DURING THIS TIME AND THE WHOLE
MONTH.

A LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM TRACKING THROUGH THE LOWER GREAT LAKES ON
11/23 INTO THANKSGIVING DAY ON 11/24 CAUSED A LIGHT TO MODERATE MIX
OF RAIN AND SNOW TO THE U.P. MOST OF THE SNOW FELL OVER THE HIGHER
TERRAIN OF THE NORTHWEST HALF. IRONWOOD REPORTED THE MOST WITH 8.0
INCHES INTO THANKSGIVING DAY. A NUMBER OF OTHER SITES IN THIS AREA
MEASURED 3 TO 6 INCHES OF WET SNOW. AS MUCH AS 0.50 TO 0.75 INCH OF
RAIN OR MORE FELL AT SOME PLACES, INCLUDING 0.77 INCH AT MANISTIQUE.
MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES FROM 11/24 THROUGH 11/27 AVERAGED ABOUT 5
DEGREES ABOVE AVERAGE WITH A WESTERLY FLOW TO THE NORTH OF HIGH
PRESSURE TRACKING THROUGH THE OHIO VALLEY FOLLOWING THE DEPARTING
THANKSGIVING LOW PRESSURE.

A DEEP LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM MOVING SLOWLY THROUGH MINNESOTA ON 11/28
INTO 11/29 BROUGHT A PERIOD OF SOME MODERATE TO HEAVY PRECIPITATION
TO PORTIONS OF UPPER MICHIGAN. SINCE THIS LOW MOVED TO THE WEST OF
THE AREA, THE WARM SOUTHERLY FLOW TO ITS EAST DREW UNSEASONABLY WARM
AIR OVER THE AREA, RESULTING IN A RAIN EVENT. THE HEAVIEST RAIN FELL
OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL, WHERE MENOMINEE LOGGED 2.04 INCHES OF RAIN.
SOME OTHER IMPRESSIVE PRECIPITATION TOTALS INCLUDED 1.63 INCHES AT
GARDEN CORNERS IN DELTA COUNTY, 1.48 INCHES AT MANISTIQUE, 1.47
INCHES AT GLADSTONE IN DELTA COUNTY AND 1.38 INCHES AT IRON MOUNTAIN.
MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES ROSE TO AROUND 15 DEGREES ABOVE AVERAGE ON
11/28 AND 11/29. THE OVERNIGHTS ON 11/27-11/28 AND 11/28-11/29 WERE
PARTICULARLY WARM, WITH MINIMUM TEMPERATURES FALLING NO LOWER THAN
THE 40S AT SOME PLACES. SOME OF THESE TEMPERATURES WERE DAILY RECORD
HIGH MINIMUMS.
---------------------------------------------------------------------
   ...JANUARY THROUGH NOVEMBER CLIMATE STATS FOR UPPER MICHIGAN...

               ...TOP TEN WARMEST AT MOST PLACES...
          ...ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION AT MOST PLACES...

                         AVERAGE TEMPERATURE

               OBSERVED NORMAL DEPARTURE    RECORD          RANK
IRON MOUNTAIN    47.3    44.5    +2.8     48.4 /1921/    5TH WARMEST

HOUGHTON         45.4    42.4    +3.0     46.4 /1987/    5TH WARMEST

NEWBERRY         46.3    43.9    +2.4     47.8 /2012/    4TH WARMEST

MARQUETTE NWS    44.4    42.1    +2.3     45.8 /2012/    5TH WARMEST

MUNISING         45.7    43.7    +2.0     46.7 /2012/    5TH WARMEST

MANISTIQUE       45.9    43.5    +2.4     46.2 /1946/    4TH WARMEST

IRONWOOD         44.8    42.3    +2.5     48.1 /1931/   11TH WARMEST

                            PRECIPITATION

               OBSERVED NORMAL DEPARTURE    RECORD          RANK

IRONWOOD        44.63   32.82   +11.81   51.66 /2013/    4TH HIGHEST

MANISTIQUE      34.92   28.57    +6.35   37.73 /1979/    3RD HIGHEST

MARQUETTE NWS   38.08   33.11    +4.97   47.62 /1985/   10TH HIGHEST

NEWBERRY        32.98   31.36    +1.62   42.85 /2001/   15TH HIGHEST

MARQUETTE CITY  34.09   27.16    +6.93   41.85 /1881/   16TH HIGHEST

HOUGHTON        35.48   25.90    +9.58   46.41 /1955/   21ST HIGHEST

IRON MOUNTAIN   29.04   28.17    +0.87   35.99 /1999&2002/  ****

**** RANK NOT IN TOP 25
---------------------------------------------------------------------
SOME OTHER TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION OBSERVATIONS ACROSS UPPER
MICHIGAN IN NOVEMBER 2016 INCLUDE:

IRONWOOD...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 38.3 /8.5 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
           PRECIPITATION 2.57 INCHES /0.13 INCH BELOW NORMAL/
           SNOWFALL 16.9 INCHES /7.6 INCHES BELOW NORMAL/

BERGLAND DAM (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 38.1 DEGREES
                                  PRECIPITATION 2.47 INCHES
                                  SNOWFALL 6.5 INCHES

HOUGHTON COUNTY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 40.7 /9.3 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
 AIRPORT          PRECIPITATION 2.32 INCHES /0.19 INCH ABOVE NORMAL/
                  SNOWFALL 7.5 INCHES /14.7 INCHES BELOW NORMAL/

ATLANTIC MINE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 2.32 INCHES
                                  SNOWFALL 9.0 INCHES

PAINESDALE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...SNOWFALL 8.7 INCHES

COPPER HARBOR...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 40.6 DEGREES
                PRECIPITATION 2.63 INCHES

JACOBSVILLE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 39.2 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 1.96 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 2.2 INCHES

BARAGA...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 40.9 DEGREES
         PRECIPITATION 1.18 INCHES
         SNOWFALL 4.1 INCHES

HERMAN (BARAGA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 36.0 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 1.48 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 6.5 INCHES

CLARKSBURG (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 36.6 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 1.42 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 6.0 INCHES

BIG BAY (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 42.2 DEGREES
                             PRECIPITATION 1.53 INCHES
                             SNOWFALL 2.4 INCHES

MARQUETTE CITY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 42.9 /8.1 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
                 PRECIPITATION 1.74 INCHES /0.88 INCH BELOW NORMAL/
                 SNOWFALL 9.0 INCHES /1.9 INCHES BELOW NORMAL/

CHATHAM (ALGER COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 36.6 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 1.42 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 6.0 INCHES

MUNISING...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 41.3 /7.3 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/

NEWBERRY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 41.5 /7.6 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
           PRECIPITATION 1.87 INCHES /1.09 INCHES BELOW NORMAL/
           SNOWFALL 4.7 INCHES /9.4 INCHES BELOW NORMAL/

STAMBAUGH (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 36.9 DEGREES
                          PRECIPITATION 1.59 INCHES
                          SNOWFALL 7.5 INCHES

AMASA (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 38.1 DEGREES
                      PRECIPITATION 1.45 INCHES
                      SNOWFALL 5.9 INCHES

FORD AIRPORT...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 39.8 DEGREES
 NEAR IRON MOUNTAIN

IRON MOUNTAIN...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 40.4 /8.4 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
                PRECIPITATION 1.86 INCHES /0.08 INCHES BELOW NORMAL/
                SNOWFALL 2.2 INCHES /3.7 INCHES BELOW NORMAL/

NORWAY (DICKINSON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 40.5 DEGREES
                            PRECIPITATION 1.78 INCHES
                            SNOWFALL 1.1 INCHES

MENOMINEE...PRECIPITATION 2.25 INCHES
            SNOWFALL TRACE

ESCANABA...PRECIPITATION 1.61 INCHES
           SNOWFALL TRACE

GLADSTONE (DELTA COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 2.32 INCHES
                           SNOWFALL 2.1 INCHES

GARDEN CORNERS (DELTA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 39.1 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 2.78 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 2.8 INCHES

COOKS (SCHOOLCRAFT COUNTY)...SNOWFALL 3.7 INCHES

MANISTIQUE...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 41.4 /7.0 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
             PRECIPITATION 2.59 INCHES /0.12 INCH ABOVE NORMAL/
             SNOWFALL TRACE /4.5 INCHES BELOW NORMAL/

                           JANUARY FORECAST

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING EQUAL CHANCES OF
AN ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURE BUT A GREATER
THAN CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF ABOVE NORMAL MONTHLY PRECIPITATION
ACROSS ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN JANUARY 2017.

                          JANUARY CLIMATOLOGY

ALTHOUGH DAYLIGHT BEGINS TO INCREASE THROUGH JANUARY (519 MINUTES OF
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE ON 1/1 TO 576 MINUTES ON 1/31)...TEMPERATURES
CONTINUE THEIR DOWNWARD SLIDE DURING THE MONTH AS ARCTIC AIRMASSES
MAKE FREQUENT VISITS TO UPPER MICHIGAN. IN FACT...JANUARY IS THE
COLDEST MONTH AT ALL REPORTING STATIONS...WITH AVERAGE TEMPERATURES
5 TO 6 DEGREES LOWER THAN IN DECEMBER.

AT MANY PLACES...INCLUDING IRONWOOD...IRON MOUNTAIN...NEWBERRY...
MUNISING...HOUGHTON AND MARQUETTE CITY...THE COLDEST JANUARY ON
RECORD...AND FOR THAT MATTER THE COLDEST MONTH...OCCURRED IN JANUARY
1912. DURING THIS FRIGID TIME...MONTHLY AVERAGE TEMPERATURES WERE 15
OR MORE DEGREES BELOW NORMAL AND UNDER ZERO AT SOME OF THESE PLACES.
IRONWOOD WAS COLDEST WITH A MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURE OF -5.3
DEGREES. THE MERCURY HELD BELOW ZERO AT THAT LOCATION FROM 1/1 TO
1/13 IN 1912. MORNING LOWS WERE UNDER -30 AT IRONWOOD ON FIVE OF
THESE DAYS AND AS LOW AS -37 ON 1/7. THE COLDEST FIRST MONTH IN
RECENT MEMORY WAS JANUARY 1994...WHEN TEMPERATURES ACROSS ALL OF
UPPER MICHIGAN AVERAGED ABOUT 10 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL AND THE
MERCURY NEVER ROSE ABOVE THE FREEZING MARK. JANUARY 1994 GOES DOWN
IN THE RECORD BOOKS AS THE COLDEST EVER AT THE MARQUETTE
NWS...MANISTIQUE AND ONTONAGON. WATER PIPES FROZE IN A NUMBER OF
HOMES THROUGHOUT UPPER MICHIGAN THAT COLD MONTH. MORE
RECENTLY...JANUARY 2014 WAS A TOP TEN COLDEST FIRST MONTH AT MANY
LOCATIONS WITH A PERSISTENT UPPER TROUGH LOCKED OVER THE GREAT LAKES
THROUGH THE MONTH. THE MEAN MONTHLY TEMPERATURE IN JANUARY 2014 WAS
6 TO 10 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL.

ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE COIN...JANUARY 2006 IS THE WARMEST FIRST
MONTH ON RECORD AT MOST PLACES ACROSS UPPER MICHIGAN. MONTHLY MEAN
TEMPERATURES AVERAGED AN INCREDIBLE 10 TO 15 DEGREES ABOVE THE
LONG-TERM NORMAL. A STRONG WEST-TO-EAST FLOW ALOFT KEPT ARCTIC AIR
BOTTLED UP WELL NORTH IN CANADA...AND THE DAILY TEMPERATURE ENDED UP
ABOVE THE MEAN ALL 31 DAYS OF THE MONTH AT MOST SITES. THERE WAS
ALMOST A COMPLETE ABSENCE OF SUB-ZERO TEMPERATURES IN JANUARY 2006.
FOR THE FIRST TIME SINCE RECORDS BEGAN IN 1901...THE MERCURY DID NOT
FALL BELOW ZERO IN JANUARY AT IRONWOOD IN 2006. AT IRON MOUNTAIN AND
THE MARQUETTE NWS...2006 JOINS 2002 AS THE ONLY YEAR WHEN THE
THERMOMETER NEVER DIPPED BELOW ZERO IN JANUARY. AT MANY PLACES WEST
OF MUNISING AND ESCANABA...1/27/2006 WAS THE WARMEST OR ONE OF THE
TOP FIVE WARMEST JANUARY DAYS ON RECORD. MAXIMUM TEMPERATURES PEAKED
AT OR ABOVE 50 AT MANY LOCATIONS...INCLUDING THE HOUGHTON COUNTY
AIRPORT. THE PREVIOUS HIGHEST JANUARY TEMPERATURE ON RECORD THERE
HAD BEEN 43. AVERAGE JANUARY TEMPERATURES IN 2002...2001...AND 1990
WERE AMONG THE TOP FIVE HIGHEST ON RECORD AT MANY LOCATIONS.
READINGS DURING THOSE MONTHS AVERAGED 5 TO 10 DEGREES OR MORE ABOVE
NORMAL. EVEN MORE RECENTLY...JANUARY 2012 WAS QUITE WARM. MONTHLY
MEAN TEMPERATURES AVERAGED 4 TO 7 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL...ENOUGH TO
QUALIFY THAT JANUARY AS ONE OF THE TOP TEN WARMEST FIRST MONTHS ON
RECORD AT MOST PLACES.

JANUARY IS THE SNOWIEST MONTH OF THE YEAR AT MOST LOCATIONS. THE
PASSAGE OF ARCTIC AIR OVER THE TYPICALLY UNFROZEN LAKE SUPERIOR
RESULTS IN CONSIDERABLE LAKE EFFECT SNOW. AS THE COLD AIR PASSES
OVER THE RELATIVELY WARM WATERS OF THE LAKE...THE AIRMASS BECOMES
INCREASINGLY UNSTABLE. THE RESULT IS A GREATER FREQUENCY OF LOW
CLOUD AND SNOW SHOWERS...WHICH ARE TYPICALLY HEAVIER AND MORE
WIDESPREAD OVER HIGHER TERRAIN JUST DOWNWIND OF LAKE SUPERIOR. THE
LOCATION OF MAXIMUM SNOWFALL IS VERY DEPENDENT ON THE LOW LEVEL WIND
DIRECTION BECAUSE THE LONGEST WIND FETCH ACROSS THE WATER RESULTS IN
GREATEST DESTABILIZATION. A WEST WIND FAVORS THE KEWEENAW PENINSULA;
A NORTHWEST WIND USUALLY RESULTS IN HEAVIER SNOW AROUND ONTONAGON
AND IN ALGER AND LUCE COUNTIES...WHILE A NORTH TO NORTHEAST WIND
CAUSES THE HEAVIEST SNOW AROUND IRONWOOD AND IN THE NORTH CENTRAL
HIGHLANDS OF BARAGA AND MARQUETTE COUNTIES. ALTHOUGH LARGE SCALE
STORM SYSTEMS THAT TYPICALLY MOVE NORTHEAST FROM THE PLAINS STATES
INTO THE GREAT LAKES CAN ALSO BRING HEAVY SNOW TO INLAND
LOCATIONS...AVERAGE JANUARY PRECIPITATION IS QUITE A BIT LESS AWAY
FROM LAKE SUPERIOR. FOR INSTANCE...THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT PICKS
UP 62.8 INCHES OF SNOW AND 3.71 INCHES OF LIQUID EQUIVALENT
PRECIPITATION DURING A TYPICAL JANUARY. IRON MOUNTAIN RECEIVES ONLY
15.0 INCHES OF SNOW AND 1.25 INCHES OF LIQUID EQUIVALENT
PRECIPITATION ON AVERAGE. WHILE RECORD SNOWS AT INLAND LOCATIONS ARE
TYPICALLY AROUND 50 INCHES... LOCATIONS THAT RECEIVE BOTH LAKE
EFFECT AND SYNOPTIC SNOW CAN PICK UP 100 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF.
DURING THE COLD JANUARY OF 2004... A LOCATION JUST SOUTHWEST OF
ONTONAGON WAS BURIED UNDER 121 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF. TWO HEART
IN LUCE COUNTY LOGGED 115 INCHES...AND BOTH PAINESDALE IN HOUGHTON
COUNTY AND PHOENIX IN KEWEENAW COUNTY REPORTED 112 INCHES. SNOWFALL
IN JANUARY 1997 WAS ALSO HEAVY...106.3 INCHES FELL AT THE HOUGHTON
COUNTY AIRPORT...100.7 INCHES AT IRONWOOD...91.7 INCHES AT THE
MARQUETTE NWS...AND 88.7 INCHES AT MUNISING.

DURING DRY AND/OR WARM YEARS...MONTHLY SNOWFALL MAY NOT EXCEED 12
INCHES AT MANY LOCATIONS. IRON MOUNTAIN PICKED UP ONLY 2.3 INCHES OF
SNOW IN JANUARY 1961...EVEN THOUGH THE MONTHLY TEMPERATURE WAS NEAR
NORMAL. AN ACTIVE STORM TRACK THAT YEAR TOO FAR TO THE SOUTH LEFT
MUCH OF UPPER MICHIGAN AWAY FROM LAKE SUPERIOR HIGH AND DRY (TOTAL
LIQUID EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION AT IRON MOUNTAIN WAS ONLY 0.12
INCH). DURING A RELATIVELY DRY AND MILD JANUARY 1973 WHEN THERE WERE
FEW ARCTIC INVASIONS...THE MARQUETTE NWS RECORDED ONLY 12.0 INCHES
OF SNOW. THE RECORD LOW JANUARY SNOWFALL AT THE HOUGHTON COUNTY
AIRPORT IS 13.5 INCHES...MEASURED IN 1944.

                OUTLOOK FOR LATE WINTER INTO SPRING

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING EQUAL CHANCES OF
AN ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL 3-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE BUT A GREATER
THAN CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF ABOVE NORMAL 3-MONTH PRECIPITATION
ACROSS ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN FEBRUARY THROUGH APRIL 2017.

GO TO HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/CLIMATE/L3MTO.PHP TO ACCESS DETAILED
LOCAL THREE-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OUTLOOKS FOR A NUMBER OF SITES
IN UPPER MICHIGAN.

CHECK OUT HTTP://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT
THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER AND MORE LONG RANGE PREDICTIONS.

NOTE THAT STATISTICS FOR THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE IN
NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP ARE BASED ON RECORDS WHICH BEGAN IN OCTOBER 1961.
THIRTY YEAR NORMALS USED ARE FOR THE PERIOD OF 1981 THROUGH 2010.
NOTE ALL TEMPERATURES ARE IN FAHRENHEIT AND PRECIPITATION IS IN
INCHES. ALL CLIMATE DATA LISTED IN THIS PRODUCT ARE UNOFFICIAL. FOR
OFFICIAL DATA...PLEASE REFER TO THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER.
ALSO NOTE THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE DATA FROM CHIPPEWA AND
MACKINAC COUNTIES.

THE NWS MARQUETTE WEB PAGE IS AT HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/MQT (ALL
LOWER CASE). CONTACT THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER AT (828) 271-
4800 OR WWW.NCDC.NOAA.GOV.

$$

KC



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