Climatological Report (Monthly)
Issued by NWS Marquette, MI

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000
CXUS53 KMQT 201646 AAB
CLMMQT

CLIMATE REPORT...PRELIMINARY
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MARQUETTE MI
1145 AM EST WED JAN 20 2014

...................................

...THE MARQUETTE MI CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF DECEMBER 2013...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1961 TO 2014

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH              59   12/03/1998
                        12/03/1982
 LOW              -28   12/20/1983
HIGHEST            35   12/05        24      11       53  12/03
LOWEST            -14   12/30        10     -24        2  12/12
AVG. MAXIMUM     17.8              25.9    -8.1     29.4
AVG. MINIMUM      3.9              11.2    -7.3     18.0
MEAN             10.9              18.5    -7.6     23.7
DAYS MAX >= 90      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MAX <= 32     29              22.7     6.3       20
DAYS MIN <= 32     31              30.5     0.5       29
DAYS MIN <= 0      13               6.2     6.8        0

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM         6.91   1968
 MINIMUM         0.37   1994
TOTALS           2.58              2.57    0.01     3.14
DAILY AVG.       0.08              0.08    0.00     0.10
DAYS >= .01        21              17.1     3.9       15
DAYS >= .10         8               7.1     0.9        4
DAYS >= .50         1               1.1    -0.1        2
DAYS >= 1.00        0               0.2    -0.2        1
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    0.79   12/04 TO 12/04

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL           89.5   2000
TOTALS           46.9              42.8     4.1     28.4
SINCE 7/1        69.4              73.3    -3.9     49.3
SNOWDEPTH AVG.     11                11       0        6
DAYS >= 1.0        12              10.0     2.0        5
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH        19   12/24                         15  12/26
                        12/23                             12/25
                                                          12/24
 24 HR TOTAL     11.0   12/22 TO 12/23

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL    1671              1440     231     1271
 SINCE 7/1       3840              3642     198     3373
COOLING TOTAL       0                 0       0        0
 SINCE 1/1        280               242      38      345
.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              MM
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    MM        DATE   MM
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    39/180    DATE  12/05

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)   MM
AVERAGE SKY COVER             MM
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR          MM
NUMBER OF DAYS PC            MM
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY        MM

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     MM

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM              0     MIXED PRECIP               0
HEAVY RAIN                0     RAIN                       0
LIGHT RAIN                2     FREEZING RAIN              1
LT FREEZING RAIN          3     HAIL                       0
HEAVY SNOW                1     SNOW                       5
LIGHT SNOW               30     SLEET                      1
FOG                       2     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE      0
HAZE                      0

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

...DECEMBER 2013 MONTHLY CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR UPPER MICHIGAN...
/THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE CHIPPEWA AND MACKINAC COUNTIES/

...VERY COLD...
...THIRD COLDEST DECEMBER AT NEWBERRY AND ONTONAGON...
...FIFTH COLDEST DECEMBER AT THE MARQUETTE NWS AND MUNISING...
...EIGHTH COLDEST DECEMBER AT IRONWOOD AND HOUGHTON...
...EIGHTH COLDEST DECEMBER AT IRON MOUNTAIN...
...NINTH COLDEST DECEMBER AT MARQUETTE CITY...

...GENERALLY NEAR TO BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION EXCEPT IN AREAS
IMPACTED BY LAKE EFFECT SNOW...

...NEAR TO ABOVE NORMAL SNOWFALL ESPECIALLY IN AREAS IMPACTED BY
LAKE EFFECT SNOW...
...EIGHTH HIGHEST DECEMBER SNOWFALL AT HOUGHTON...
...TENTH HIGHEST DECEMBER SNOWFALL AT NEWBERRY...

DECEMBER CLIMATE STATISTICS FOR THE MARQUETTE NWS IN NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP

                                    NORMAL   DEPARTURE
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE         10.9     18.5  MINUS    7.6
AVERAGE HIGH TEMPERATURE    17.8     25.9  MINUS    8.1
AVERAGE LOW TEMPERATURE      3.9     11.2  MINUS    7.3
HEATING DEGREE DAYS         1671     1440   PLUS    231
COOLING DEGREE DAYS            0        0             0
TOTAL PRECIPITATION         2.58     2.57   PLUS   0.01
TOTAL SNOWFALL              46.9     42.8   PLUS    4.1

HIGHEST TEMPERATURE:                    35 ON 12/5
LOWEST TEMPERATURE:                    -14 ON 12/30
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY PRECIPITATION:  0.79 ON 12/4
GREATEST 24 HOUR PRECIPITATION:       0.79 ON 12/4
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY SNOWFALL:        8.7 ON 12/23
GREATEST 24 HOUR SNOWFALL:            11.0 ON 12/22-12/23
PEAK WIND SPEED:     39 MPH FROM THE SOUTH ON 12/5

DAILY RECORD PRECIPITATION ON 12/4...0.79 /OLD RECORD 0.57...1973/
DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 12/30...4 /5...1962/
FIFTH LOWEST DECEMBER MEAN TEMPERATURE...10.9 /RECORD 8.5...1976/
---------------------------------------------------------------------
GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS (FEET/METERS ABOVE MEAN SEA LEVEL)

                            LAKE SUPERIOR  LAKE MICHIGAN-HURON
12/01/13 DAILY MEAN         601.62/183.37     577.40/175.99
12/31/13 DAILY MEAN         601.50/183.34     577.26/175.95
AVG NOV 2013 DAILY MEAN     601.71/183.40     577.47/176.01
AVG DEC 2012 DAILY MEAN     600.55/183.05     576.15/175.61
LONG TERM DEC DAILY MEAN    601.71/183.40     578.51/176.33
MAXIMUM DEC DAILY MEAN      603.05/183.81     581.56/177.26
                                (1985)           (1986)
MINIMUM DEC DAILY MEAN      600.13/182.92     576.15/175.61
                                (1925)           (2012)

...GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS FALL SLOWLY IN DECEMBER...

WATER LEVELS ON LAKES SUPERIOR AND MICHIGAN/HURON FELL AN INCH OR
TWO IN DECEMBER...A NORMAL RATE FOR THE END OF THE YEAR. DESPITE
THIS SLOW DECLINE...THE LEVEL ON LAKES MICHIGAN/HURON WAS ABOUT 13
INCHES HIGHER AT THE END OF DECEMBER THAN AT THE END OF DECEMBER IN
2012. FOR LAKE SUPERIOR...THE LEVEL ENDED ABOUT 11 INCHES HIGHER
THAN AT THE END OF 2012. THESE HIGHER LEVELS WERE COURTESY OF A
COMBINATION OF COOLER WEATHER IN 2013 THAT RESTRICTED EVAPORATION
AND OVERALL ABOVE NORMAL ANNUAL PRECIPITATION IN THE DRAINAGE BASINS
FOR THESE LAKES. EVEN WITH THIS IMPROVEMENT...LAKES MICHIGAN/HURON
WERE STILL 15 INCHES LOWER THAN THE LONG TERM AVERAGE. LAKE SUPERIOR
REMAINED 2 TO 3 INCHES LOWER THAN NORMAL.

DUE TO THE UNSEASONABLE DECEMBER CHILL...MOST OF THE BAY OF GREEN
BAY WAS ICE COVERED BY THE END OF DECEMBER. THERE WAS SOME ICE
BUILDUP IN THE SHELTERED BAYS AND INLETS ALONG THE LAKE SUPERIOR
SHORE AS WELL.

OBTAIN GREAT LAKES WATER LEVEL DATA AS REPORTED BY THE U.S. ARMY
CORPS OF ENGINEERS AT

HTTP://WWW.LRE.USACE.ARMY.MIL/MISSIONS/GREATLAKESINFORMATION/
       GREATLAKESWATERLEVELS/CURRENTCONDITIONS.ASPX (ALL LOWER CASE).
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                      DECEMBER CLIMATE HIGHLIGHTS

HIGHEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...46 AT MENOMINEE ON 12/4 AND 12/5

LOWEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...-27 AT STAMBAUGH IN IRON COUNTY
                               ON 12/31

HIGHEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...17.6 DEGREES AT COPPER HARBOR

LOWEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...6.8 DEGREES AT STAMBAUGH IN IRON COUNTY

HIGHEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...4.45 INCHES AT ATLANTIC MINE IN
                                 HOUGHTON COUNTY

LOWEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...1.15 INCHES AT CLARKSBURG-CHAMPION
                                IN MARQUETTE COUNTY

HIGHEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...102.7 INCHES AT PAINESDALE IN HOUGHTON
                            COUNTY

GREATEST SNOW DEPTH...36 INCHES AT ATLANTIC MINE ON 12/16

LOWEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...9 INCHES AT WITCH LAKE IN MARQUETTE COUNTY

ALTHOUGH A WEST-TO-EAST FLOW OF MARITIME POLAR PACIFIC AIR RESULTED
IN ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES THE FIRST COUPLE OF DAYS OF DECEMBER
2013...A DEEP UPPER TROUGH THAT DOMINATED CENTRAL AND EASTERN NORTH
AMERICA AFTER 12/5 DELIVERED A NEARLY CONTINUOUS FLOW OF ARCTIC AIR
INTO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES THE REST OF THE MONTH. THE RESULT WAS A
TOP TEN COLDEST DECEMBER ALMOST EVERYWHERE...AND EVEN THE THIRD
COLDEST TWELFTH MONTH ON RECORD AT NEWBERRY AND ONTONAGON. MEAN
MONTHLY TEMPERATURES THAT RANGED FROM ABOUT 7 TO 17 DEGREES WERE 6
TO 10 DEGREES BELOW THE LONG-TERM DECEMBER AVERAGE AND 16 TO 21
DEGREES LOWER THAN THE NOVEMBER READINGS.

THE COLDEST WEATHER RELATIVE TO NORMAL IMPACTED THE UPPER GREAT
LAKES DURING THE SECOND WEEK OF DECEMBER. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES
FROM 12/6 THROUGH 12/16 AVERAGED 10 TO 20 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. A
BITTERLY COLD AIRMASS ALSO INVADED THE GREAT LAKES AT THE END OF
DECEMBER...WHEN MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES ON 12/30 AND 12/31 FELL TO
AROUND 20 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. THE MERCURY FELL UNDER 20 BELOW ZERO
AT AT LEAST ONE REPORTING SITE ON 12/8...12/10...12/16...12/24...
12/30 AND 12/31. WIND CHILLS WERE AS LOW AS 25 TO 35 BELOW ZERO
DURING THE COLDEST OVERNIGHTS AND MORNINGS. THE ONLY 40-DEGREE
TEMPERATURES REPORTED IN DECEMBER OCCURRED ON 12/2 AND 12/4 INTO
EARLY 12/5...WHEN A SHARP COLD FRONT PLOWED THROUGH THE UPPER LAKES
AND OPENED THE DOOR FOR THE ARCTIC INVASION.

SINCE ONLY ONE MOISTURE-LADEN LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM INFLUENCED UPPER
MICHIGAN WEATHER IN DECEMBER 2013...MONTHLY PRECIPITATION TENDED TO
BE NEAR TO BELOW NORMAL. THE EXCEPTION WAS IN AREAS OVER MAINLY
NORTHWEST UPPER MICHIGAN THAT SAW ALMOST CONTINUOUS LAKE EFFECT SNOW
FROM 12/5 THROUGH 12/31. MONTHLY WATER EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION IN
THIS AREA APPROACHED OR EXCEEDED 4 INCHES AT MANY LOCATIONS...UP TO
200 PERCENT OF NORMAL AT HOUGHTON. DECEMBER SNOWFALL WAS OVER 100
INCHES AT A FEW PLACES ACROSS CENTRAL HOUGHTON COUNTY IN THE
KEWEENAW PENINSULA. PAINESDALE AND ATLANTIC MINE REPORTED THE
HEAVIEST SNOW WITH 102.7 AND 102.5 INCHES RESPECTIVELY. THE MONTHLY
SNOWFALL IN EXCESS OF 75 INCHES AT MOST PLACES FROM ONTONAGON NORTH
THROUGH THE KEWEENAW RAN 125 TO 175 PERCENT OF THE DECEMBER NORMAL.
AS IS OFTEN THE CASE IN THE COLD SEASON...LOCATIONS OVER SOUTH
CENTRAL UPPER MICHIGAN WERE DRIEST. LESS THAN 2 INCHES OF LIQUID
EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION FELL AT MANY PLACES IN THIS AREA...AS LOW
AS 75 PERCENT OF NORMAL. BUT SINCE MOST OF THE DECEMBER
PRECIPITATION THAT DID FALL WAS A FLUFFY SNOW...MONTHLY SNOW TOTALS
OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL WERE NOT FAR FROM THE DECEMBER AVERAGE.
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                 ...DECEMBER 2013 MEAN TEMPERATURE...
              ...TOP 10 COLDEST ACROSS UPPER MICHIGAN...


              OBSERVED  NORMAL  DEPARTURE     RECORD       2013 RANK

NEWBERRY        12.8     22.2     -9.4       9.0 /1989/   3RD COLDEST

MANISTIQUE      14.2     23.3     -9.1      11.1 /1989/   5TH COLDEST

MUNISING        15.0     22.9     -7.9      10.8 /1919/   5TH COLDEST

MARQUETTE NWS   10.9     18.5     -7.6       8.5 /1976/   5TH COLDEST

IRONWOOD         7.5     16.6     -9.1       5.0 /1983/   8TH COLDEST

IRON MOUNTAIN   11.2     19.4     -8.2       7.1 /1989/   8TH COLDEST

HOUGHTON        12.7     20.2     -7.5      11.2 /1917/   8TH COLDEST

MARQUETTE CITY  16.8     23.5     -6.7      13.7 /1919/   9TH COLDEST
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                    ...2013 CALENDAR YEAR STATS...
       ...GENERALLY COOL AND WET WITH ABOVE NORMAL SNOWFALL...

              ...JANUARY-DECEMBER 2013 PRECIPITATION...

                                             PREVIOUS
              OBSERVED  NORMAL  DEPARTURE     RECORD       2013 RANK

IRONWOOD       53.46    34.93    +18.53    52.66 /1909/    NEW RECORD

MANISTIQUE     39.42    30.17     +9.25    38.59 /1979/    NEW RECORD

NEWBERRY       43.49    34.23     +9.26    47.36 /2004/   5TH WETTEST

MUNISING       43.95    38.45     +5.50    48.23 /2004/   6TH WETTEST

MARQUETTE NWS  39.76    35.68     +4.08    51.59 /1985/  10TH WETTEST

HOUGHTON       53.46    32.18    +21.28    53.43 /1985/  11TH WETTEST

IRON MOUNTAIN  32.03    29.72     +2.31    37.53 /1938/  23RD WETTEST

MARQUETTE CITY 34.90    29.13     +5.77    42.60 /1881/      ****

                 ...JANUARY-DECEMBER 2013 SNOWFALL...

                                             PREVIOUS
              OBSERVED  NORMAL  DEPARTURE     RECORD       2013 RANK

MUNISING       228.0    152.1     +75.9    219.4 /2008/    NEW RECORD

NEWBERRY       222.7    132.2     +90.5    208.6 /2008/    NEW RECORD

HOUGHTON       306.9    207.7     +99.2    356.2 /1989/   4TH HIGHEST

IRONWOOD       244.8    188.2     +56.6    279.4 /1989/   4TH HIGHEST

MANISTIQUE     102.5                       139.9 /2004/   5TH HIGHEST

MARQUETTE NWS  234.8    203.3     +31.5    296.2 /2002/  11TH HIGHEST

IRON MOUNTAIN   65.5     58.4      +7.1    115.4 /1972/  22ND HIGHEST

MARQUETTE CITY 108.9    117.2      -8.3    189.9 /1976/      ****


             ...JANUARY-DECEMBER 2013 MEAN TEMPERATURE...

              OBSERVED  NORMAL  DEPARTURE     RECORD       2013 RANK

IRONWOOD        37.9     40.1     -2.4      36.4 /1996/   6TH COOLEST

MANISTIQUE      40.3     41.8     -1.5      38.5 /1972/   7TH COOLEST

MUNISING        40.1     42.9     -1.9      36.6 /1917/   8TH COOLEST

IRON MOUNTAIN   40.8     42.3     -1.5      39.3 /1950/  10TH COOLEST

MARQUETTE NWS   38.6     40.1     -1.5      36.4 /1972/  14TH COOLEST

NEWBERRY        41.1     42.0     -0.9      38.3 /1972/  25TH COOLEST

HOUGHTON        39.1     40.5     -1.4      35.5 /1917/      ****

MARQUETTE CITY  41.7     43.2     -1.6      37.1 /1917/      ****


**** NOT IN TOP 25
---------------------------------------------------------------------
SOME OTHER TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION OBSERVATIONS ACROSS UPPER
MICHIGAN IN DECEMBER 2013 INCLUDE:

IRONWOOD...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 7.5 (1.4 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 1.80 INCHES (0.31 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL 31.0 INCHES (15.3 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

WATERSMEET (GOGEBIC COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.23 INCHES
                              SNOWFALL 14.8 INCHES

ONTONAGON...PRECIPITATION 2.89 INCHES
            SNOWFALL 76.3 INCHES

ONTONAGON...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 13.2 (8.4 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
 (6 MILES   PRECIPITATION 2.94 INCHES (0.10 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
  INLAND)   SNOWFALL 66.4 INCHES (12.2 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

GREENLAND (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 15.9 DEGREES
                               PRECIPITATION 3.34 INCHES
                               SNOWFALL 71.9 INCHES

BERGLAND DAM (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 8.1 DEGREES
                                  SNOWFALL 32.7 INCHES

HOUGHTON COUNTY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 12.7 (7.5 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
 AIRPORT          PRECIPITATION 3.76 INCHES (1.87 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)
                  SNOWFALL 85.3 INCHES (32.4 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

ATLANTIC MINE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 4.45 INCHES
                                  SNOWFALL 102.5 INCHES

PAINESDALE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...SNOWFALL 102.7 INCHES

MOHAWK (KEWEENAW COUNTY)...SNOWFALL 89.9 INCHES

COPPER HARBOR...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 17.6 DEGREES

JACOBSVILLE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 11.7 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 3.35 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 40.6 INCHES

BARAGA...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 12.9 DEGREES
         PRECIPITATION 2.14 INCHES
         SNOWFALL 23.2 INCHES

WATTON (BARAGA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 9.8 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 1.70 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 20.5 INCHES

HERMAN (BARAGA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 7.9 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 1.85 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 45.3 INCHES

CLARKSBURG (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 7.6 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 1.15 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 18.2 INCHES

WITCH LAKE (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...SNOWFALL 9.0 INCHES

BIG BAY (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 15.5 DEGREES
                             PRECIPITATION 2.32 INCHES
                             SNOWFALL 30.9 INCHES

MARQUETTE CITY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 16.8 (6.7 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
                 PRECIPITATION 2.29 INCHES (0.32 INCH ABOVE NORMAL)
                 SNOWFALL 23.5 INCHES (1.8 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

HARVEY (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 16.4 DEGREES
                            PRECIPITATION 2.22 INCHES
                            SNOWFALL 28.1 INCHES

CHATHAM (ALGER COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 13.4 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 2.17 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 32.8 INCHES

MUNISING...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 15.0 (7.9 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 2.96 INCHES (0.79 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL 38.5 INCHES (2.7 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

GRAND MARAIS...PRECIPITATION 3.78 INCHES
(10 MILES SOUTH) SNOWFALL 60.8 INCHES

NEWBERRY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 12.8 (9.4 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 2.46 INCHES (0.39 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL 42.1 INCHES (8.8 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

STAMBAUGH (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 6.8 DEGREES
                          PRECIPITATION 1.39 INCHES
                          SNOWFALL 17.1 INCHES

AMASA (IRON COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.44 INCHES
                      SNOWFALL 16.7 INCHES

IRON MOUNTAIN...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 11.2 (8.2 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
                PRECIPITATION 1.25 INCHES (0.30 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
                SNOWFALL 17.4 INCHES (3.5 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

NORWAY (DICKINSON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 9.8 DEGREES
                            PRECIPITATION 1.33 INCHES
                            SNOWFALL 17.7 INCHES

MENOMINEE...PRECIPITATION 1.18 INCHES
            SNOWFALL 10.5 INCHES

ESCANABA...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 15.0 DEGREES
           PRECIPITATION 1.18 INCHES
           SNOWFALL 16.3 INCHES

GLADSTONE (DELTA COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.94 INCHES
                           SNOWFALL 19.8 INCHES

GARDEN CORNERS (DELTA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 13.5 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 1.62 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 22.2 INCHES

COOKS (SCHOOLCRAFT COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 2.46 INCHES
                             SNOWFALL 27.1 INCHES

MANISTIQUE...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 14.2 (9.1 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
             PRECIPITATION 1.94 INCHES (0.34 INCH ABOVE NORMAL)
             SNOWFALL 15.0 INCHES (4.3 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

                         FEBRUARY FORECAST

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING A GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF A BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURE BUT
AN EQUAL CHANCE OF ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY PRECIPITATION OVER
ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN FEBRUARY 2014.

                        FEBRUARY CLIMATOLOGY

ALTHOUGH DAYLIGHT LENGTHENS NOTICEABLY DURING FEBRUARY (580 MINUTES
OF POSSIBLE SUNSHINE ON 2/1 TO 664 MINUTES ON 2/28)...WINTER USUALLY
MAINTAINS ITS ICY GRIP ON UPPER MICHIGAN DURING THE MONTH. IN
FACT...THE LOWEST TEMPERATURE DURING THE YEAR OFTEN OCCURS IN THE
SECOND MONTH. HUMBOLDT IN MARQUETTE COUNTY OBSERVED A FRIGID -49 LOW
ON THE MORNING OF 2/10/1899...THE LOWEST READING EVER RECORDED IN
UPPER MICHIGAN. THE FREQUENT ARRIVAL OF ARCTIC AIRMASSES CAN STILL
CAUSE TEMPERATURES TO PLUNGE AS LOW AS 25 TO 35 BELOW ZERO EVEN
DURING THE LAST WEEK OF THE MONTH. THE COLDEST FEBRUARIES IN RECENT
MEMORY WERE IN 2003 AND 1994...WHEN TEMPERATURES ACROSS UPPER
MICHIGAN AVERAGED 6 TO 9 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. DURING FEBRUARY
1994...THE MEAN TEMPERATURE AT IRONWOOD WAS A BRUTAL 6.5 DEGREES.
BUT THAT WAS WARM COMPARED TO FEBRUARY 1936...WHEN IRONWOOD`S
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE WAS -0.5 DEGREES. FEBRUARY 2003 RANKS AS THE
COLDEST AT MICHIGAN TECH UNIVERSITY (AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 8.7
DEGREES) AND IN THE TOP FIVE COLDEST AT MUNISING...THE MARQUETTE
NWS...AND IRON MOUNTAIN. MORE RECENTLY...INTENSE COLD PREVAILED
THROUGH MUCH OF FEBRUARY 2007...WHEN THE MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURE
RAN 4 TO 8 DEGREES BELOW AVERAGE. THAT MONTH WAS ONE OF THE TOP TEN
COLDEST FEBRUARYS AT ONTONAGON...IRONWOOD...MANISTIQUE...MUNISING...
MARQUETTE CITY AND THE MARQUETTE NWS.

BUT THE CONTINUED CLIMB OF THE SUN IN THE SOUTHERN SKY PROMISES THE
END OF WINTER IS IN SIGHT AND THAT SPRINGTIME IS GETTING CLOSER.
AVERAGE TEMPERATURES RISE STEADILY AFTER THE FIRST WEEK OF THE
MONTH...FROM 12 ON 2/7 TO 17 ON 2/28 AT THE MARQUETTE NWS. DURING
THE LAST HALF OF FEBRUARY...RECORD HIGH TEMPERATURES REACH WELL INTO
THE 50S AND 60S. AT MANY SITES...FEBRUARY 1998...1999...2000 AND
2002 ALL FALL INTO THE TOP 10 WARMEST ON RECORD. IN FEBRUARY 2000...
RECORD WARMTH AFTER 2/21 CAUSED RAPID SNOW MELT...AND ICE JAM
FLOODING WAS OBSERVED ON THE ONTONAGON RIVER. IN FACT...THE
TEMPERATURE AVERAGED 39.3 DEGREES BETWEEN 2/22/2000 AND 2/29/2000 AT
THE MARQUETTE NWS...MARKING THIS 8-DAY PERIOD AS THE WARMEST WEEK IN
THE SECOND MONTH SINCE RECORDS BEGAN IN 1961. BUT AT MOST LOCATIONS
IN UPPER MICHIGAN...FEBRUARY 1998 GOES DOWN IN THE RECORD BOOKS AS
THE WARMEST FEBRUARY EVER. TEMPERATURES AT SOME PLACES ENDED THE
MONTH AS MUCH AS 15 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL AS A STRONG EL NINO AND
ZONAL PACIFIC FLOW ALOFT PREVENTED THE NORMAL PARADE OF ARCTIC
AIRMASSES FROM INVADING THE UPPER GREAT LAKES.

AVERAGE SNOWFALL OVER UPPER MICHIGAN DURING FEBRUARY IS LESS THAN IN
JANUARY AS THE MEAN POSITION OF THE JET STREAM AND STORM TRACK MOVES
A BIT FARTHER SOUTH. FALLING LAKE SUPERIOR WATER TEMPERATURES AND
THE FORMATION OF ICE ON THE LAKE SOME YEARS ALSO REDUCE THE
INTENSITY OF LAKE EFFECT SNOW. EVEN SO...THERE IS A SHARP DECREASE
IN AVERAGE SNOWFALL FROM AREAS NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR TO INLAND
LOCATIONS ALONG THE WISCONSIN BORDER. WHILE HOUGHTON TYPICALLY
TALLIES ALMOST 33 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF...IRON MOUNTAIN WILL LOG
ONLY 10 INCHES DURING A TYPICAL FEBRUARY. ALTHOUGH MONTHLY
TEMPERATURES AVERAGED WELL ABOVE NORMAL...FEBRUARY 2002 WILL LONG BE
REMEMBERED FOR HEAVY PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL...ESPECIALLY IN THE
LAKE EFFECT SNOW BELTS. VERY MILD WEATHER INTO FEBRUARY THAT WINTER
MAINTAINED LAKE SUPERIOR TEMPERATURES WELL ABOVE NORMAL...SO THAT
HEAVIER THAN USUAL LAKE EFFECT AND LAKE ENHANCED SNOW ACCOMPANIED A
GREATER THAN AVERAGE NUMBER OF SYNOPTIC STORMS. THE 91.9 INCHES OF
SNOW THAT FELL AT THE MARQUETTE NWS THAT MONTH PUSHES FEBRUARY 2002
TO THE TOP OF THE LIST OF NOT ONLY THE SNOWIEST FEBRUARY...BUT ALSO
THE SNOWIEST CALENDAR MONTH. THE 5.35 INCHES OF LIQUID EQUIVALENT
PRECIPITATION THAT FELL AT THAT LOCATION EASILY ECLIPSED THE
PREVIOUS STANDARD OF 3.62 INCHES OBSERVED IN FEBRUARY 1971. MANY
LOCATIONS FROM IRONWOOD TO NEWBERRY ALSO RECORDED A TOP FIVE
SNOWIEST AND WETTEST FEBRUARY IN 2002. DURING THE COLD FEBRUARY OF
1989...THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT RECORDED 89.8 INCHES OF SNOW. NOT
ONLY IS FEBRUARY 1998 THE WARMEST AT MANY LOCATIONS...IT IS ALSO THE
LEAST SNOWY AT MANISTIQUE (1.0 INCH)...IRONWOOD (2.8 INCHES)...
ONTONAGON (5.0 INCHES)...AND THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT (5.5
INCHES). MONTHLY SNOWFALLS OF 3.0 INCHES AT NEWBERRY AND 8.8 INCHES
AT MUNISING PLACE FEBRUARY 1998 AMONG THE TOP FIVE LEAST SNOWY.

                         OUTLOOK FOR SPRING

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING A GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF A BELOW NORMAL 3-MONTH MEAN TEMPERATURE
OVER THE NORTHWEST HALF OF UPPER MICHIGAN BUT EQUAL CHANCES OF
ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES OVER THE REST OF UPPER MICHIGAN
IN MARCH THROUGH MAY 2014. THE CPC FORECAST SHOWS EQUAL CHANCES OF
ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL 3-MONTH PRECIPITATION OVER ALL OF UPPER
MICHIGAN FOR THIS COMING MARCH THROUGH MAY.

GO TO HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/CLIMATE/L3MTO.PHP TO ACCESS DETAILED
LOCAL THREE-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OUTLOOKS FOR A NUMBER OF SITES
IN UPPER MICHIGAN.

CHECK OUT HTTP://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT
THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER AND MORE LONG RANGE PREDICTIONS.

NOTE THAT STATISTICS FOR THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE IN
NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP ARE BASED ON RECORDS WHICH BEGAN IN OCTOBER 1961.
THIRTY YEAR NORMALS USED ARE FOR THE PERIOD OF 1981 THROUGH 2010.
NOTE ALL TEMPERATURES ARE IN FAHRENHEIT AND PRECIPITATION IS IN
INCHES. ALL CLIMATE DATA LISTED IN THIS PRODUCT ARE UNOFFICIAL. FOR
OFFICIAL DATA...PLEASE REFER TO THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER.
ALSO NOTE THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE DATA FROM CHIPPEWA AND
MACKINAC COUNTIES.

NWS MARQUETTE WEB PAGE IS AT HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/MQT (ALL LOWER
CASE). CONTACT THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER AT (828) 271-4800
OR WWW.NCDC.NOAA.GOV.

$$

KC





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