Climatological Report (Monthly)
Issued by NWS Marquette, MI

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000
CXUS53 KMQT 291124 AAE
CLMMQT

CLIMATE REPORT...FINAL
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MARQUETTE MI
623 AM EST MON JAN 29 2015

...................................

...THE MARQUETTE MI CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF DECEMBER 2014...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1961 TO 2015

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH              59   12/03/1998
                        12/03/1982
 LOW              -28   12/20/1983
HIGHEST            44   12/13        24      20       35  12/05
LOWEST            -11   12/01        10     -21      -14  12/30
AVG. MAXIMUM     27.8              25.9     1.9     17.8
AVG. MINIMUM     13.5              11.2     2.3      3.9
MEAN             20.7              18.5     2.2     10.9
DAYS MAX >= 90      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MAX <= 32     25              22.7     2.3       29
DAYS MIN <= 32     29              30.5    -1.5       31
DAYS MIN <= 0       7               6.2     0.8       13

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM         6.91   1968
 MINIMUM         0.37   1994
TOTALS           2.28              2.57   -0.29     2.58
DAILY AVG.       0.07              0.08   -0.01     0.08
DAYS >= .01        12              17.1    -5.1       21
DAYS >= .10         5               7.1    -2.1        8
DAYS >= .50         2               1.1     0.9        1
DAYS >= 1.00        0               0.2    -0.2        0
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    0.69   12/26 TO 12/27

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL           89.5   2000
TOTALS           27.0              42.8   -15.8     46.9
SINCE 7/1        83.2              73.3     9.9     69.4
SNOWDEPTH AVG.     15                11       4       11
DAYS >= 1.0         8              10.0    -2.0       12
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH        23   12/29                         19  12/24
                        12/28                             12/23
 24 HR TOTAL      8.0   12/26 TO 12/27

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL    1365              1440     -75     1671
 SINCE 7/1       3895              3642     253     3840
COOLING TOTAL       0                 0       0        0
 SINCE 1/1        152               242     -90      280
.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              MM
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    MM        DATE   MM
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    36/180    DATE  12/07

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)   MM
AVERAGE SKY COVER             MM
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR          MM
NUMBER OF DAYS PC            MM
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY        MM

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     MM

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM              0     MIXED PRECIP               0
HEAVY RAIN                0     RAIN                       0
LIGHT RAIN                5     FREEZING RAIN              0
LT FREEZING RAIN          3     HAIL                       0
HEAVY SNOW                1     SNOW                       3
LIGHT SNOW               22     SLEET                      1
FOG                      12     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE      3
HAZE                      0

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

...DECEMBER 2014 MONTHLY CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR UPPER MICHIGAN...
/THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE CHIPPEWA AND MACKINAC COUNTIES/

...WARM OVERALL DESPITE PERIODS OF INTENSE COLD EARLY AND LATE...

...PRECIPITATION GENERALLY ABOVE NORMAL EXCEPT OVER PORTIONS OF THE
NORTH CENTRAL...

...SNOWFALL GENERALLY BELOW NORMAL...

DECEMBER CLIMATE STATISTICS FOR THE MARQUETTE NWS IN NEGAUNEE
 TOWNSHIP

                                    NORMAL   DEPARTURE
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE         20.7     18.5   PLUS    2.2
AVERAGE HIGH TEMPERATURE    27.8     25.9   PLUS    1.9
AVERAGE LOW TEMPERATURE     13.5     11.2   PLUS    2.3
HEATING DEGREE DAYS         1365     1440  MINUS     75
COOLING DEGREE DAYS            0        0             0
TOTAL PRECIPITATION         2.28     2.57  MINUS   0.29
TOTAL SNOWFALL              27.0     42.8  MINUS   15.8

HIGHEST TEMPERATURE:                    44 ON 12/13
LOWEST TEMPERATURE:                    -11 ON 12/1
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY PRECIPITATION:  0.67 ON 12/27
GREATEST 24 HOUR PRECIPITATION:       0.69 ON 12/26-12/27
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY SNOWFALL:        7.8 ON 12/27
GREATEST 24 HOUR SNOWFALL:             8.0 ON 12/26-12/27
PEAK WIND SPEED:     36 MPH FROM THE SOUTH ON 12/7

DAILY RECORD LOW MINIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 12/1...-11 /OLD RECORD
                                                    -11..1964&78/
DAILY RECORD HIGH MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 12/13...44 /42...1999/
DAILY RECORD HIGH MINIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 12/14...34 /33...1993/
DAILY RECORD HIGH MINIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 12/15...35 /33...1992&98/
DAILY RECORD HIGH MINIMUM TEMPERATURE TIED ON 12/25...28 /28...2009/
DAILY RECORD PRECIPITATION ON 12/27...0.67 /0.41...1971/
---------------------------------------------------------------------
GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS (FEET/METERS ABOVE MEAN SEA LEVEL)

                            LAKE SUPERIOR  LAKE MICHIGAN-HURON
12/01/14 DAILY MEAN         602.54/183.65     579.21/176.54
12/31/14 DAILY MEAN         602.31/183.59     579.22/176.54
AVG NOV 2014 DAILY MEAN     602.58/183.67     579.21/176.54
AVG DEC 2013 DAILY MEAN     601.55/183.35     577.33/175.97
LONG TERM DEC DAILY MEAN    601.67/183.39     578.48/176.32
MAXIMUM DEC DAILY MEAN      603.05/183.81     581.56/177.26
                                (1985)           (1986)
MINIMUM DEC DAILY MEAN      600.13/182.92     576.15/175.61
                                (1925)           (2012)

...GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS WELL ABOVE NORMAL IN DECEMBER...

EVEN THOUGH WATER LEVELS TYPICALLY FALL SLOWLY IN DECEMBER AND
MONTHLY PRECIPITATION WAS NOT AS SIGNIFICANT AS IN RECENT MONTHS...
THE RUNOFF FROM THE ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION THAT FELL ACROSS THE
UPPER GREAT LAKES AND SURROUNDING AREAS IN RECENT MONTHS AS WELL AS
RELATIVELY CHILLY LAKE WATER TEMPERATURES THAT HAVE LIMITED
EVAPORATION CONTRIBUTED TO A SLOW RISE IN THE LEVELS OF LAKES
MICHIGAN AND HURON IN DECEMBER 2014. AT THE END OF THE MONTH...THE
LEVEL OF THESE LAKES WAS ALMOST 23 INCHES HIGHER THAN IN DECEMBER
2013 AND 9 INCHES ABOVE THE LONG TERM NORMAL. THE LEVEL OF LAKE
SUPERIOR FELL SLOWLY DURING DECEMBER BECAUSE MUCH OF THE
PRECIPITATION IN ITS DRAINAGE BASIN THE LAST TWO MONTHS FELL AS SNOW
AND LIMITED RUNOFF. EVEN SO...THE LAKE SUPERIOR WATER LEVEL ON 12/31
WAS AROUND 9 INCHES HIGHER THAN DURING DECEMBER 2013 AND 7 TO 8
INCHES HIGHER THAN THE MONTHLY NORMAL DUE TO THE LONGER TERM WET
PATTERN AND DIMINISHED EVAPORATION.

DUE TO WARM WEATHER THAT PREVAILED MUCH OF THE MONTH...THERE WAS
LITTLE ICE BUILDUP AWAY FROM SOME OF THE SHELTERED BAYS ON THE
WESTERN GREAT LAKES IN DECEMBER.

OBTAIN GREAT LAKES WATER LEVEL DATA AS REPORTED BY THE U.S. ARMY
CORPS OF ENGINEERS AT

HTTP://WWW.LRE.USACE.ARMY.MIL/MISSIONS/GREATLAKESINFORMATION/
       GREATLAKESWATERLEVELS/CURRENTCONDITIONS.ASPX (ALL LOWER CASE).
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                      DECEMBER CLIMATE HIGHLIGHTS

HIGHEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...49 AT STAMBAUGH IN IRON COUNTY AND BIG
                                BAY IN MARQUETTE COUNTY ON 12/15

LOWEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...-26 AT WAKEFIELD IN GOGEBIC COUNTY
                               ON 12/31

HIGHEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...27.2 DEGREES AT COPPER HARBOR

LOWEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...18.1 DEGREES AT HERMAN IN BARAGA COUNTY AND
                              STAMBAUGH IN IRON COUNTY

HIGHEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...3.51 INCHES AT ATLANTIC MINE IN
                                 HOUGHTON COUNTY

LOWEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...1.60 INCHES AT MARQUETTE CITY

HIGHEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...46.7 INCHES AT PAINESDALE IN HOUGHTON COUNTY

LOWEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...5.1 INCHES AT MENOMINEE

GREATEST SNOW DEPTH...39 INCHES AT HERMAN ON 12/29

LOWEST SNOW DEPTH...ZERO AT MENOMINEE ON NUMEROUS DAYS DURING THE
                     SECOND HALF OF DECEMBER AND AT SOME OTHER
                     LOCATIONS NEAR THE GREAT LAKES AT TIMES DURING
                     THE MONTH

ALTHOUGH THE NORTHWEST FLOW ALOFT ON THE WESTERN FLANK OF A DEEP
UPPER TROUGH IN EASTERN NORTH AMERICA BROUGHT A STREAM OF COLD
CANADIAN AIR INTO THE GREAT LAKES DURING THE FIRST WEEK OF DECEMBER
AND THE FINAL COUPLE OF DAYS OF THE MONTH...MUCH OF THE MIDDLE OF
DECEMBER WAS DOMINATED BY A MORE MODERATE FLOW OF MARITIME POLAR
PACIFIC AIR. THE RESULT WAS A MEAN MONTHLY TEMPERATURE THAT RAN 2 TO
4 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL. THE AVERAGE DECEMBER TEMPERATURE BETWEEN
ABOUT 18 AND 27 DEGREES WAS ONLY 1 TO 5 DEGREES LOWER THAN THE
NOVEMBER MEAN BECAUSE NOVEMBER WAS SO COLD.

THE WARMEST WEATHER OCCURRED AROUND MID-MONTH WHEN A VERY MILD
PACIFIC AIRMASS MOVED INTO THE WESTERN GREAT LAKES UNDER AN UPPER
RIDGE. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES RAN AS MUCH AS 15 TO 25 DEGREES ABOVE
NORMAL ON 12/13 THROUGH 12/15...A PERIOD OF DAYS WHEN NUMEROUS DAILY
RECORD HIGH MINIMUM AND MAXIMUM RECORDS WERE BROKEN. AT SOME OF THE
WARMER LOCATIONS OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL...THE MERCURY DID NOT FALL
BELOW 32 FROM LATE ON 12/12 UNTIL THE EVENING ON 12/16. AT LEAST A
FEW LOCATIONS SAW THE THERMOMETER PEAK IN THE 40S ON 12/12 THROUGH
12/16. MANY PLACES OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL LOST THEIR SNOW COVER
DURING THIS WARM STRETCH...WHEN SOME RAIN ALSO FELL AS A LOW
PRESSURE SYSTEM MOVED NORTHEAST FROM THE CENTRAL PLAINS INTO THE
UPPER LAKES ON 12/15 AND 12/16.

DURING ARCTIC AIR INVASIONS IN EARLY DECEMBER AND LATE IN THE
MONTH...MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES FELL TO AS MUCH AS 15 TO 20 DEGREES
BELOW NORMAL ON 12/1...12/2...12/4...AND 12/29 THROUGH 12/31. SUB
ZERO MINIMUM TEMPERATURES OCCURRED AT AT LEAST A FEW SPOTS ON
12/1...12/2...12/4...12/6...12/11...12/19 AND 12/28 THRU 12/31.

SINCE THE MORE VARIABLE FLOW ALOFT ALLOWED SOME MOISTURE-LADEN LOW
PRESSURE SYSTEMS TO MOVE FARTHER NORTH...MONTHLY PRECIPITATION
TENDED TO RUN ABOVE NORMAL EXCEPT IN A SWATH FROM NEAR MARQUETTE TO
MUNISING AND NEWBERRY. DECEMBER TOTALS WERE HIGHEST OVER THE
NORTHWEST DUE TO THE COMBINATION OF MORE LAKE EFFECT SNOW IN THOSE
AREAS AS WELL AS THE RAIN AND SNOW THAT ACCOMPANIED THE LARGER SCALE
LOW PRESSURE SYSTEMS. AT THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT...THE 3.33
INCHES OF WATER EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION THAT FELL WAS ABOUT 175
PERCENT OF THE DECEMBER NORM FOR THAT SITE. ON THE OTHER HAND...
SINCE THE ABSENCE OF ARCTIC AIR MUCH OF THE MIDDLE OF DECEMBER
RESULTED IN DIMINISHED LAKE EFFECT SNOW ESPECIALLY IN THE SNOW BELTS
EAST OF MARQUETTE...THOSE LOCATIONS WERE DRIER. THE 1.60 INCHES OF
LIQUID EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION THAT FELL AT MARQUETTE WAS ABOUT 80
PERCENT OF THE DECEMBER AVERAGE. MUNISING REPORTED 2.82 INCHES...
JUST 75 PERCENT OF THEIR MONTHLY NORMAL.

ALTHOUGH PRECIPITATION WAS ABOVE AVERAGE OVER THE WEST...SOME OF
THIS FELL IN THE FORM OF RAIN DURING THE WARMER PERIODS IN MID-
DECEMBER. WITH THE BELOW NORMAL LAKE EFFECT SNOW...DECEMBER SNOW
TOTALS WERE BELOW NORMAL ALMOST EVERYWHERE. EVEN IN THE FAVORED SNOW
BELTS ACROSS WESTERN UPPER MICHIGAN AND EAST OF MARQUETTE...
MONTHLY SNOW TOTALS WERE NO HIGHER THAN ABOUT 35 TO 45 INCHES...
ABOUT 60 TO 75 PERCENT OF THE DECEMBER NORMAL. THE ONE EXCEPTION WAS
AN AREA OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL NEAR THE WISCONSIN BORDER FROM IRON
RIVER TO IRON MOUNTAIN THAT SAW ALMOST 10 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF
ON THE NORTHERN FLANK OF A LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM MOVING THROUGH THE
CENTRAL GREAT LAKES ON 12/27. IRON MOUNTAIN LOGGED 22.1 INCHES OF
SNOW IN DECEMBER...ALMOST 160 PERCENT OF THE MONTHLY NORMAL 13.9
INCHES.
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                  ...2014 ANNUAL WEATHER SUMMARY...

ALTHOUGH 2014 WAS THE WARMEST YEAR ON RECORD ACROSS THE ENTIRE
PLANET...THAT WAS NOT THE CASE IN UPPER MICHIGAN. DUE TO THE
NORTHWEST FLOW ALOFT THAT PREVAILED MUCH OF THE TIME BETWEEN A
PERSISTENT RIDGE OVER WESTERN NORTH AMERICA AND A TROUGH OVER THE
EAST HALF OF THE CONTINENT...COLD CANADIAN AIRMASSES WERE FREQUENT
VISITORS TO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES. AS A RESULT...THE MEAN 2014
TEMPERATURE AT MOST LOCATIONS IN THE U.P. ENDED UP FROM ABOUT 3.5 TO
4.5 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL.

2014 WAS ALSO A WET ONE...WITH ABOVE NORMAL ANNUAL SNOWFALL AS WELL.
IN FACT...SOME LOCATIONS ENDURED A TOP FIVE WETTEST AND SNOWIEST
YEAR. THE COMBINATION OF THIS ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION AND REDUCED
EVAPORATION TIED TO THE OVERALL CHILL ALLOWED WATER LEVELS OVER
LAKES SUPERIOR...MICHIGAN AND HURON TO RISE WELL ABOVE NORMAL BY THE
END OF THE YEAR.

               ...TOP 5 COLDEST YEAR AT MOST PLACES...
             ...JANUARY-DECEMBER 2014 MEAN TEMPERATURE...

                                          /OR PREVIOUS/
              OBSERVED  NORMAL  DEPARTURE     RECORD      2014 RANK

MANISTIQUE      37.7     41.9     -4.2     38.7 /1989/ RECORD COLDEST

NEWBERRY        38.0     42.0     -4.0     38.3 /1972/ RECORD COLDEST

IRONWOOD        36.4     40.1     -3.7     36.4 /1996/ RECORD COLDEST

IRON MOUNTAIN   38.7     42.3     -3.6     39.3 /1950/ RECORD COLDEST

MUNISING        37.3     42.0     -4.7     36.6 /1917/    2ND COLDEST

MARQUETTE NWS   36.5     40.1     -3.6     36.4 /1972/    2ND COLDEST

HOUGHTON        37.0     40.5     -3.5     35.5 /1917/    4TH COLDEST

MARQUETTE CITY  38.7     43.2     -4.5     37.1 /1917/    7TH COLDEST


            ...ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION AT MOST PLACES...
               ...JANUARY-DECEMBER 2014 PRECIPITATION...


              OBSERVED  NORMAL  DEPARTURE     RECORD      2014 RANK

MARQUETTE NWS  44.83    35.68     +9.15    51.59 /1985/   5TH WETTEST

IRONWOOD       45.13    34.93    +10.20    53.46 /2013/   6TH WETTEST

MUNISING       45.05    38.45     +6.60    48.23 /2004/   6TH WETTEST

MANISTIQUE     33.61    27.50     +6.11    39.42 /2013/  11TH WETTEST

NEWBERRY       36.62    34.23     +2.39    47.36 /2004/  12TH WETTEST

IRON MOUNTAIN  33.86    29.72     +4.14    37.53 /1938/  16TH WETTEST

MARQUETTE CITY 35.93    29.13     +6.80    42.83 /1881/  21ST WETTEST

HOUGHTON       38.32    32.18     +6.14    53.43 /1985/  24TH WETTEST


           ...ABOVE NORMAL ANNUAL SNOWFALL AT MOST PLACES...
                  ...JANUARY-DECEMBER 2014 SNOWFALL...

              OBSERVED  NORMAL  DEPARTURE     RECORD      2014 RANK

MUNISING       212.0    152.1     +59.9    228.0 /2013/   3RD HIGHEST

IRON MOUNTAIN   99.1     58.4     +40.7    115.4 /1972/   3RD HIGHEST

IRONWOOD       247.0    188.2     +58.8    279.4 /1989/   4TH HIGHEST

NEWBERRY       185.1    132.2     +52.9    222.7 /2013/   7TH HIGHEST

HOUGHTON       252.0    207.7     +44.3    356.2 /1989/  12TH HIGHEST

MANISTIQUE      83.3     74.4      +8.9    139.9 /2004/  13TH HIGHEST

MARQUETTE NWS  212.7    203.3      +9.4    296.2 /2002/  16TH HIGHEST

MARQUETTE CITY 134.4    117.2     +17.2    194.8 /1893/  21ST HIGHEST

---------------------------------------------------------------------
SOME OTHER TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION OBSERVATIONS ACROSS UPPER
MICHIGAN IN DECEMBER 2014 INCLUDE:

IRONWOOD...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 20.1 (3.5 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 2.43 INCHES (0.32 INCH ABOVE NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL 27.2 INCHES (19.1 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

WATERSMEET (GOGEBIC COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.69 INCHES
                              SNOWFALL 24.3 INCHES

GREENLAND (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 24.1 DEGREES
                               PRECIPITATION 2.98 INCHES
                               SNOWFALL 30.1 INCHES

BERGLAND DAM (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 19.0 DEGREES
                                  SNOWFALL 30.2 INCHES

HOUGHTON COUNTY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 22.7 (2.5 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL)
 AIRPORT          PRECIPITATION 3.33 INCHES (1.44 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)
                  SNOWFALL 42.8 INCHES (10.1 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

ATLANTIC MINE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 3.51 INCHES
                                  SNOWFALL 45.0 INCHES

PAINESDALE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...SNOWFALL 46.7 INCHES

MOHAWK (KEWEENAW COUNTY)...SNOWFALL 32.9 INCHES

COPPER HARBOR...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 27.2 DEGREES

JACOBSVILLE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 22.4 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 3.07 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 25.3 INCHES

BARAGA...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 23.3 DEGREES
         SNOWFALL 24.1 INCHES

HERMAN (BARAGA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 18.1 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 2.92 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 43.3 INCHES

CLARKSBURG (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 19.2 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 1.84 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 22.9 INCHES

BIG BAY (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 24.5 DEGREES
                             PRECIPITATION 3.19 INCHES
                             SNOWFALL 29.9 INCHES

MARQUETTE CITY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 26.2 (2.7 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL)
                 PRECIPITATION 1.60 INCHES (0.37 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
                 SNOWFALL 10.1 INCHES (15.2 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

HARVEY (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 25.9 DEGREES
                            PRECIPITATION 2.39 INCHES
                            SNOWFALL 20.3 INCHES

CHATHAM (ALGER COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 23.2 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 1.81 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 18.5 INCHES

MUNISING...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 25.0 (2.1 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 2.82 INCHES (0.93 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL 29.8 INCHES (11.4 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

GRAND MARAIS...PRECIPITATION 3.26 INCHES
(10 MILES SOUTH) SNOWFALL 35.9 INCHES

NEWBERRY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 24.4 (2.2 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 2.53 INCHES (0.32 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL 24.3 INCHES (9.0 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

STAMBAUGH (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 18.1 DEGREES
                          PRECIPITATION 1.93 INCHES
                          SNOWFALL 20.0 INCHES

AMASA (IRON COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 2.17 INCHES
                      SNOWFALL 26.6 INCHES

IRON MOUNTAIN...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 22.0 (2.6 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL)
                PRECIPITATION 2.24 INCHES (0.69 INCH ABOVE NORMAL)
                SNOWFALL 22.1 INCHES (8.2 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

NORWAY (DICKINSON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 22.9 DEGREES
                            PRECIPITATION 2.08 INCHES
                            SNOWFALL 21.0 INCHES

DAGGETT (MENOMINEE COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 2.29 INCHES

MENOMINEE...SNOWFALL 5.1 INCHES

ESCANABA...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 23.3 DEGREES
           SNOWFALL 13.5 INCHES

GLADSTONE (DELTA COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 2.43 INCHES
                           SNOWFALL 13.9 INCHES

GARDEN CORNERS (DELTA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 24.6 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 2.53 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 12.3 INCHES

MANISTIQUE...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 25.4 (2.1 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL)
             PRECIPITATION 2.25 INCHES (0.65 INCH ABOVE NORMAL)
             SNOWFALL 10.2 INCHES (9.1 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

                        DECEMBER WEATHER SUMMARY

DURING THE FIRST WEEK OF DECEMBER...THE SAME TROUGH IN EASTERN NORTH
AMERICA THAT BROUGHT A STEADY STREAM OF COLD CANADIAN AIR INTO THE
GREAT LAKES DURING MUCH OF NOVEMBER DOMINATED THE WEATHER PATTERN...
RESULTING IN MORE COLD WEATHER FOR UPPER MICHIGAN. MEAN DAILY
TEMPERATURES ON 12/1...12/2 AND 12/4 RAN FROM ABOUT 10 TO AS MUCH AS
20 TO 25 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL...AND SUB ZERO MINIMUM TEMPERATURES
WERE COMMON ON THESE DAYS. THE MERCURY FELL ALL THE WAY TO -22 ON
12/2 AND -13 ON 12/4 AT STAMBAUGH IN IRON COUNTY. ALTHOUGH 12/3
FEATURED SOME MODERATION IN THIS INTENSE COLD...MEAN DAILY
TEMPERATURE WERE STILL 5 TO 10 DEGREES BELOW AVERAGE...AND WIND
GUSTS AS HIGH AS 45 TO 50 MPH ON 12/3 ALSO MADE THE AIR FEEL MUCH
COLDER. DURING THE COLD AIR OUTBREAKS ON 12/1 AND 12/2...LAKE EFFECT
SNOW SHOWERS IMPACTED MAINLY THE NORTHWEST WIND SNOW BELTS...BUT
SNOW ACCUMULATIONS WERE GENERALLY NO MORE THAN 2 TO 4 INCHES ON ANY
OF THOSE DAYS. NORTHWEST WINDS GUSTING AS HIGH AS 45 TO 50 MPH EARLY
ON 12/1 ALSO CAUSED QUITE A BIT OF BLOWING SNOW. THE DISTURBANCE
RESPONSIBLE FOR DRAGGING SOME WARMER AIR INTO THE UPPER LAKES ON
12/3 CAUSED A MORE WIDESPREAD SNOW DURING THE NIGHT ON 12/2-12/3 AND
INTO THE DAY ON 12/3. ALTHOUGH MOST LOCATIONS REPORTED ONLY A FEW
INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF...AS MUCH AS 9 INCHES FELL NEAR DEER PARK
IN LUCE COUNTY. NISULA IN HOUGHTON COUNTY MEASURED 6 INCHES OF SNOW.

THE UPPER TROUGH BEGAN TO RETREAT A BIT ON 12/5...WHICH ALLOWED SOME
MILDER MARITIME PACIFIC AIR TO MOVE INTO THE UPPER LAKES FOR THE DAY
AND RAISE THE MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURE TO ABOUT 5 DEGREES ABOVE
NORMAL. A LIGHT WINTRY MIX OF PRECIPITATION FELL OVER MAINLY EASTERN
UPPER MICHIGAN AS THE SOUTHWEST FLOW OFF LAKE MICHIGAN MOISTENED THE
AIRMASS ON 12/5. A COLD FRONTAL PASSED UPPER MICHIGAN DURING THE
NIGHT ON 12/5-12/6...BUT THE INCOMING AIRMASS WAS ONLY MODERATELY
COLD AND SO DRY THAT ONLY SOME FLURRIES FELL IN ITS WAKE ON 12/6.
THE MERCURY AVERAGED ABOUT 5 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL ON 12/6 AND 12/7.

A PAIR OF LOW PRESSURE DISTURBANCES TRACKING THROUGH THE UPPER GREAT
LAKES BROUGHT PERIODS OF LIGHT SNOW UPPER MICHIGAN ON 12/8 INTO
EARLY 12/9. THERE WAS ALSO A MIX WITH RAIN AT SOME PLACES NEAR LAKE
MICHIGAN...AND A BIT OF FREEZING DRIZZLE ALSO FELL DURING THE NIGHT
ON 12/8-12/9. MOST PLACES PICKED UP 1 TO 4 INCHES OF SNOW DURING
THESE TWO EVENTS. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES RAN 5 TO 10 DEGREES ABOVE
AVERAGE ON 12/8 AND 12/9...BUT NORTH WINDS GUSTING AS HIGH AS 35 MPH
NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR ON 12/9 FOLLOWING THE PASSAGE OF A COLD FRONT
ATTENDANT TO THE SECOND DISTURBANCE BROUGHT A RETURN OF NEAR NORMAL
DAILY TEMPERATURES ON 12/10 AND 12/11. WHERE SKIES CLEARED OVER THE
INTERIOR AWAY FROM CLOUDS AND SOME LIGHT SNOW SHOWERS OFF LAKE
SUPERIOR...THE MORNINGS ON 12/10 AND 12/11 WERE RATHER CHILLY AND
INCLUDED SOME SUB ZERO MINIMUM TEMPERATURES ON 12/11.

AFTER 12/11...THE WEATHER PATTERN MADE A DRAMATIC CHANGE. AN UPPER
RIDGE BUILT INTO THE GREAT LAKES DOWNSTREAM OF A DEEP TROUGH THAT
MOVED ON TO THE WEST COAST AND DISLODGED THE RIDGE THAT HAD
DOMINATED THERE. AT THE SURFACE...HIGH PRESSURE MOVED INTO THE OHIO
RIVER VALLEY...AND THE SOUTHWEST FLOW ON THE NORTHERN FLANK OF THIS
FEATURE ADVECTED AN UNSEASONABLY WARM AIRMASS INTO THE WESTERN GREAT
LAKES INTO THE MIDDLE OF THE MONTH. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES ON 12/12
REBOUNDED TO 5 TO 10 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL...BUT THE THERMOMETER
AVERAGED 10 TO AS MUCH AS 25 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL ON 12/13 THROUGH
12/16. READINGS REACHED THE 40S AT SOME PLACES ON EVERY DAY FROM
12/12 THROUGH 12/16...INCLUDING THE MONTHLY MAXIMUM OF 49 AT
STAMBAUGH IN IRON COUNTY AND BIG BAY IN MARQUETTE COUNTY ON 12/15.
DURING THE NIGHTS...TEMPERATURES DID NOT FALL BELOW FREEZING AT MANY
LOCATIONS...AND SOME DENSE FOG AND DRIZZLE DEVELOPED OVER THE
MELTING SNOW PACK. AT SOME OF THE WARMER LOCATIONS OVER THE SOUTH
CENTRAL...THE MERCURY DID NOT FALL BELOW 32 FROM LATE ON 12/12 UNTIL
THE EVENING ON 12/16. A NUMBER OF DAILY RECORD HIGH MAXIMUM AND
MINIMUM TEMPERATURES WERE ESTABLISHED ON THESE DAYS. MANY PLACES
OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL LOST THEIR SNOW COVER DURING THIS WARM
STRETCH.

LOW PRESSURE DEVELOPING IN THE CENTRAL PLAINS ON 12/15 MOVED
NORTHEAST INTO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES ON 12/16 AND THEN INTO
SOUTHEAST CANADA ON 12/17. WITH THE VERY WARM AIRMASS IN PLACE...
THIS PRECIPITATION BEGAN IN THE AFTERNOON ON 12/15 AS RAIN. BUT AS
COLDER AIR RETURNED FOLLOWING THE PASSING LOW ON THE HEELS OF NORTH
WINDS GUSTING UP TO 30 MPH...THE RAIN CHANGED TO SNOW WEST-TO-EAST.
SOME SLEET AND FREEZING RAIN ALSO FELL AT SOME PLACES OVER MAINLY
CENTRAL UPPER MICHIGAN DURING THIS TRANSITION. FROM LATE ON 12/16
THROUGH MUCH OF 12/17...PERIODS OF LIGHT TO MODERATE SNOW WERE THE
RULE. THIS PRECIPITATION WAS HEAVIEST OVER THE NORTHWEST HALF...
WHERE 6 TO 10 INCHES OF WET SNOW ACCUMULATED AT MANY PLACES BY THE
TIME THE PRECIPITATION DIMINISHED LATE IN THE DAY ON 12/17. HERMAN
IN BARAGA COUNTY...MOHAWK IN KEWEENAW COUNTY AND PAINESDALE IN
HOUGHTON COUNTY LED REPORTING STATIONS WITH 11.8 INCHES...11.5
INCHES AND 11.1 INCHES OF SNOW RESPECTIVELY. OVER MOST OF THE
SOUTHEAST HALF...2 TO 5 INCHES WERE COMMON...BUT ONLY ONE INCH FELL
OVER THE FAR SOUTH CENTRAL AT MENOMINEE. WATER EQUIVALENT
PRECIPITATION FROM 12/15 THROUGH 12/17 TOTALED OVER AN INCH OVER
MUCH OF THE NORTHWEST HALF. MOHAWK IN KEWEENAW COUNTY MEASURED 1.83
INCHES ALONG WITH THE NEARLY FOOT OF SNOW.

AN AREA OF HIGH PRESSURE MOVING SLOWLY THROUGH THE UPPER GREAT LAKES
TOWARD SOUTHEAST CANADA BROUGHT A PERIOD OF DRY AND SEASONABLY
CHILLY WEATHER ON 12/18 THROUGH 12/20. AFTER 12/20...AN UPPER TROUGH
BEGAN TO DEEPEN IN THE PLAINS...CAUSING A SURFACE LOW PRESSURE
SYSTEM TO DEVELOP AND THEN INTENSIFY. THE INCREASING SOUTH WIND
BETWEEN THIS LOW AND THE DEPARTING HIGH OVER QUEBEC DREW WARMER AND
MOISTER AIR BACK OVER UPPER MICHIGAN. PERIODS OF LIGHT TO MODERATE
SNOW DEVELOPED OVER THE WEST AS EARLY AS THE AFTERNOON ON 12/21. AS
DISTURBANCES MOVED EAST AHEAD OF THE MAIN SURFACE LOW IN THE
PLAINS...THERE WERE PERIODS OF LIGHT TO OCCASIONALLY MODERATE SNOW
INTO EARLY 12/23 THAT WERE MIXED WITH RAIN OVER THE EAST AND NEAR
THE GREAT LAKES AS THE GRADUAL RETURN OF WARMER AIR PREVENTED LOW
TEMPERATURES FROM FALLING BELOW FREEZING AT MANY OF THOSE PLACES ON
12/22 AND 12/23. SNOWFALL TOTALS FROM 12/21 INTO 12/23 RANGED FROM 1
TO 2 INCHES OVER THE EAST TO AS MUCH AS 3 TO 6 INCHES OVER THE WEST.
THE DEEPER PLAINS LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM MOVED EAST AND INTO THE
CENTRAL GREAT LAKES ON 12/23...BRINGING A PERIOD OF MODERATE TO
HEAVY SNOW TO MUCH OF UPPER MICHIGAN. THIS WET SNOW WAS MIXED WITH
RAIN AGAIN OVER MUCH OF THE EAST HALF...ESPECIALLY NEAR LAKE
MICHIGAN. WHERE THE PRECIPITATION FELL AS ALL SNOW OVER THE INTERIOR
WEST HALF...3 TO 6 INCHES ACCUMULATED AT MOST SPOTS BY THE TIME THE
PRECIPITATION DIMINISHED TO FLURRIES OR LIGHT DRIZZLE AND FREEZING
DRIZZLE LATE IN THE DAY. SOME LOCALLY DENSE FOG ALSO DEVELOPED LATE
ON 12/23...MAINLY OVER THE EAST HALF. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES ON
12/21 THROUGH 12/23 AVERAGED 10 TO 20 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL.

LINGERING LOW LEVEL MOISTURE IN THE WAKE OF THE DEPARTING LOW
PRESSURE SYSTEM IN THE LOWER GREAT LAKES ALLOWED THE CLOUDS...FOG...
AND LIGHT MIXED PRECIPITATION TO LINGER INTO CHRISTMAS EVE. ALTHOUGH
THE ARRIVAL OF A WEAK HIGH PRESSURE SYSTEM AND SOME DRIER NEAR
SURFACE AIR DIMINISHED THE FOG AND LIGHT WINTRY MIX DURING THE NIGHT
ON 12/24-12/25...THIS HIGH WAS NOT STRONG ENOUGH TO BREAK UP THE LOW
CLOUDS. SO MOSTLY CLOUDY SKIES AND A FEW FLURRIES CONTINUED INTO
CHRISTMAS DAY. A WEAK COLD FRONT APPROACHING FROM THE WEST CAUSED
SOME LIGHT SNOW ON CHRISTMAS NIGHT INTO 12/26...BUT LESS THAN AN
INCH FELL AT MOST LOCATIONS. THE MERCURY REMAINED WELL ABOVE NORMAL
ON 12/24 THROUGH 12/26...WITH MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES ON THESE DAYS
RUNNING 10 TO 15 DEGREES ABOVE AVERAGE.

AN AREA OF LOW PRESSURE DEVELOPING IN THE CENTRAL PLAINS ON 12/26
MOVED NORTHEAST THROUGH THE NORTH CENTRAL GREAT LAKES ON 12/27...
DROPPING SOME MODERATE TO HEAVY SNOW ACROSS MUCH OF THE U.P. BY THE
TIME THE LOW MOVED OFF TO THE NORTHEAST AND THE SNOW DIMINISHED LATE
IN THE DAY ON 12/27...MANY PLACES HAD PICKED UP 4 TO 8 INCHES OF THE
WHITE STUFF. A BIT LESS FELL OVER THE NORTHERN KEWEENAW PENINSULA
FARTHER FROM THE LOW TRACK AND ACROSS THE FAR SOUTH CENTRAL AT
MENOMINEE...WHERE THE AIR WAS WARM ENOUGH NEAR THE LOW TRACK TO
CAUSE MAINLY RAIN. NEWBERRY AND IRON MOUNTAIN REPORTED THE MOST SNOW
WITH 9.4 INCHES AND 9.0 INCHES RESPECTIVELY. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES
ON 12/27 WERE 5 TO 10 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL.

THE DISTURBANCE WHICH SUPPORTED THE LOW ON 12/27 CAUSED THE UPPER
TROUGH TO DEEPEN IN EASTERN NORTH AMERICA THE LAST COUPLE OF DAYS OF
DECEMBER...SO 2014 ENDED ON A COLD NOTE AS THE DEVELOPING NORTHWEST
FLOW ADVECTED COLDER CANADIAN AIR INTO THE GREAT LAKES. MEAN DAILY
TEMPERATURES DROPPED TO 5 TO 10 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL ON 12/28 AS THE
COLD FRONT MARKING THE LEADING EDGE OF THE ARCTIC AIR SWEPT ACROSS
UPPER MICHIGAN. THE MERCURY AVERAGED 10 TO 20 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL
ON 12/29 THROUGH 12/31...AND MANY LOCATIONS REPORTED SUB ZERO
MINIMUM TEMPERATURES ON THE LAST 4 DAYS OF DECEMBER...INCLUDING THE
MONTHLY MINIMUM OF -26 AT WAKEFIELD IN GOGEBIC COUNTY ON 12/31. ON
12/30 INTO 12/31...THE COMBINATION OF THE ARCTIC AIR AND WIND GUSTS
UP TO 30 TO 35 MPH DROPPED WIND CHILLS AS LOW AS 25 TO 30 BELOW.
WITH THE INFLUX OF COLD AIR...LAKE EFFECT SNOW WAS COMMON ON 12/28
THROUGH 12/30 BEFORE THE WIND SHIFTED MORE TO THE SOUTHWEST ON NEW
YEARS EVE AND CAUSED MOST OF THE SNOW SHOWERS TO DRIFT OUT INTO LAKE
SUPERIOR. THE MOST PERSISTENT SNOW SHOWERS IMPACTED THE NORTHWEST
WIND SNOWBELTS NEAR THE BIG LAKE. MOST PLACES IN THESE AREAS OVER
WESTERN UPPER MICHIGAN AND EAST OF MARQUETTE SAW 6 INCHES OR MORE OF
SNOW FROM 12/28 INTO 12/31. PAINESDALE IN HOUGHTON COUNTY REPORTED
11.9 INCHES OF SNOW DURING THIS TIME. TO THE EAST OF MARQUETTE...
GRAND MARAIS IN ALGER COUNTY LED REPORTING STATIONS WITH 10.7
INCHES. MUNISING MEASURED 9.7 INCHES. AREAS AWAY FROM THE NORTHWEST
WIND LAKE EFFECT SNOWBELTS DOWNSTREAM OF LAKE SUPERIOR WERE
GENERALLY DRY ON 12/28 THROUGH 12/31...WITH NOTHING MORE THAN SOME
LIGHT SNOW SHOWERS OR FLURRIES.

                         FEBRUARY FORECAST

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING AN EQUAL CHANCE
OF AN ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURE AND ABOVE AND
BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY PRECIPITATION OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN
FEBRUARY 2015.

                       FEBRUARY CLIMATOLOGY

ALTHOUGH DAYLIGHT LENGTHENS NOTICEABLY DURING FEBRUARY (580 MINUTES
OF POSSIBLE SUNSHINE ON 2/1 TO 664 MINUTES ON 2/28)...WINTER USUALLY
MAINTAINS ITS ICY GRIP ON UPPER MICHIGAN DURING THE MONTH. IN
FACT...THE LOWEST TEMPERATURE DURING THE YEAR OFTEN OCCURS IN THE
SECOND MONTH. HUMBOLDT IN MARQUETTE COUNTY OBSERVED A FRIGID -49 LOW
ON THE MORNING OF 2/10/1899...THE LOWEST READING EVER RECORDED IN
UPPER MICHIGAN. THE FREQUENT ARRIVAL OF ARCTIC AIRMASSES CAN STILL
CAUSE TEMPERATURES TO PLUNGE AS LOW AS 25 TO 35 BELOW ZERO EVEN
DURING THE LAST WEEK OF THE MONTH. THE COLDEST FEBRUARY IN RECENT
MEMORY WAS IN 2014...WHEN A NEARLY CONTINUOUS FLOW OF CANADIAN AIR
UNDER A PERSISTENT DEEP TROUGH DROPPED THE MEAN MONTHLY TEMPERATURE
TO BETWEEN 9 AND 12 DEGREES BELOW THE FEBRUARY AVERAGE. MANY PLACES
ENDURED A TOP FIVE COLDEST FEBRUARY IN 2014...AND LAKE SUPERIOR AND
NORTHERN LAKE MICHIGAN BECAME ALMOST COMPLETELY ICE COVERED BY THE
END OF THE MONTH. SOME OTHER COLD FEBRUARYS IN THE NOT TOO DISTANT
PAST OCCURRED IN 1994...2003 AND 2007...YEARS WHEN FEBRUARY ENDED UP
AS ONE OF THE TOP TEN COLDEST SECOND MONTHS AT MANY LOCATIONS.

BUT THE CONTINUED CLIMB OF THE SUN IN THE SOUTHERN SKY PROMISES THE
END OF WINTER IS IN SIGHT AND THAT SPRINGTIME IS GETTING CLOSER.
AVERAGE TEMPERATURES RISE STEADILY AFTER THE FIRST WEEK OF THE
MONTH...FROM 12 ON 2/7 TO 17 ON 2/28 AT THE MARQUETTE NWS. DURING
THE LAST HALF OF FEBRUARY...RECORD HIGH TEMPERATURES REACH WELL INTO
THE 50S AND 60S. AT MANY SITES...FEBRUARY 1998...1999...2000 AND
2002 ALL FALL INTO THE TOP 10 WARMEST ON RECORD. IN FEBRUARY 2000...
RECORD WARMTH AFTER 2/21 CAUSED RAPID SNOW MELT...AND ICE JAM
FLOODING WAS OBSERVED ON THE ONTONAGON RIVER. IN FACT...THE
TEMPERATURE AVERAGED 39.3 DEGREES BETWEEN 2/22/2000 AND 2/29/2000 AT
THE MARQUETTE NWS...MARKING THIS 8-DAY PERIOD AS THE WARMEST WEEK IN
THE SECOND MONTH SINCE RECORDS BEGAN IN 1961. BUT AT MOST LOCATIONS
IN UPPER MICHIGAN...FEBRUARY 1998 GOES DOWN IN THE RECORD BOOKS AS
THE WARMEST FEBRUARY EVER. TEMPERATURES AT SOME PLACES ENDED THE
MONTH AS MUCH AS 15 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL AS A STRONG EL NINO AND
ZONAL PACIFIC FLOW ALOFT PREVENTED THE NORMAL PARADE OF ARCTIC
AIRMASSES FROM INVADING THE UPPER GREAT LAKES.

AVERAGE SNOWFALL OVER UPPER MICHIGAN DURING FEBRUARY IS LESS THAN IN
JANUARY AS THE MEAN POSITION OF THE JET STREAM AND STORM TRACK MOVES
A BIT FARTHER SOUTH. FALLING LAKE SUPERIOR WATER TEMPERATURES AND
THE FORMATION OF ICE ON THE LAKE SOME YEARS ALSO REDUCE THE
INTENSITY OF LAKE EFFECT SNOW. EVEN SO...THERE IS A SHARP DECREASE
IN AVERAGE SNOWFALL FROM AREAS NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR TO INLAND
LOCATIONS ALONG THE WISCONSIN BORDER. WHILE HOUGHTON TYPICALLY
TALLIES ALMOST 33 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF...IRON MOUNTAIN WILL LOG
ONLY 10 INCHES DURING A TYPICAL FEBRUARY. ALTHOUGH MONTHLY
TEMPERATURES AVERAGED WELL ABOVE NORMAL...FEBRUARY 2002 WILL LONG BE
REMEMBERED FOR HEAVY PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL...ESPECIALLY IN THE
LAKE EFFECT SNOW BELTS. VERY MILD WEATHER INTO FEBRUARY THAT WINTER
MAINTAINED LAKE SUPERIOR TEMPERATURES WELL ABOVE NORMAL...SO THAT
HEAVIER THAN USUAL LAKE EFFECT AND LAKE ENHANCED SNOW ACCOMPANIED A
GREATER THAN AVERAGE NUMBER OF SYNOPTIC STORMS. THE 91.9 INCHES OF
SNOW THAT FELL AT THE MARQUETTE NWS THAT MONTH PUSHES FEBRUARY 2002
TO THE TOP OF THE LIST OF NOT ONLY THE SNOWIEST FEBRUARY...BUT ALSO
THE SNOWIEST CALENDAR MONTH. THE 5.35 INCHES OF LIQUID EQUIVALENT
PRECIPITATION THAT FELL AT THAT LOCATION EASILY ECLIPSED THE
PREVIOUS STANDARD OF 3.62 INCHES OBSERVED IN FEBRUARY 1971. MANY
LOCATIONS FROM IRONWOOD TO NEWBERRY ALSO RECORDED A TOP FIVE
SNOWIEST AND WETTEST FEBRUARY IN 2002. DURING THE COLD FEBRUARY OF
1989...THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT RECORDED 89.8 INCHES OF SNOW. NOT
ONLY IS FEBRUARY 1998 THE WARMEST AT MANY LOCATIONS...IT IS ALSO THE
LEAST SNOWY AT MANISTIQUE (1.0 INCH)...IRONWOOD (2.8 INCHES)...
ONTONAGON (5.0 INCHES)...AND THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT (5.5
INCHES). MONTHLY SNOWFALLS OF 3.0 INCHES AT NEWBERRY AND 8.8 INCHES
AT MUNISING PLACE FEBRUARY 1998 AMONG THE TOP FIVE LEAST SNOWY.

                        OUTLOOK FOR SPRING

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING A GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF AN ABOVE NORMAL 3-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE
BUT AN EQUAL CHANCE OF ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL 3-MONTH PRECIPITATION
OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN MARCH THROUGH MAY 2015.

GO TO HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/CLIMATE/L3MTO.PHP TO ACCESS DETAILED
LOCAL THREE-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OUTLOOKS FOR A NUMBER OF SITES
IN UPPER MICHIGAN.

CHECK OUT HTTP://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT
THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER AND MORE LONG RANGE PREDICTIONS.

NOTE THAT STATISTICS FOR THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE IN
NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP ARE BASED ON RECORDS WHICH BEGAN IN OCTOBER 1961.
THIRTY YEAR NORMALS USED ARE FOR THE PERIOD OF 1981 THROUGH 2010.
NOTE ALL TEMPERATURES ARE IN FAHRENHEIT AND PRECIPITATION IS IN
INCHES. ALL CLIMATE DATA LISTED IN THIS PRODUCT ARE UNOFFICIAL. FOR
OFFICIAL DATA...PLEASE REFER TO THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER.
ALSO NOTE THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE DATA FROM CHIPPEWA AND
MACKINAC COUNTIES.

NWS MARQUETTE WEB PAGE IS AT HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/MQT (ALL LOWER
CASE). CONTACT THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER AT (828) 271-4800
OR WWW.NCDC.NOAA.GOV.

$$

KC



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