Climatological Report (Monthly)
Issued by NWS Marquette, MI

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000
CXUS53 KMQT 251357 AAC
CLMMQT

CLIMATE REPORT...FINAL
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MARQUETTE MI
858 AM EST THU FEB 25 2016

...................................

...THE MARQUETTE MI CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF JANUARY 2016...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1961 TO 2016

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH              53   01/26/1973
 LOW              -32   01/09/1977
HIGHEST            45   01/30        20      25       34  01/23
LOWEST             -8   01/13         3     -11      -16  01/05
AVG. MAXIMUM     23.0              21.9     1.1     18.9
AVG. MINIMUM     11.2               5.2     6.0      3.0
MEAN             17.1              13.6     3.5     11.0
DAYS MAX >= 90      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MAX <= 32     26              26.3    -0.3       29
DAYS MIN <= 32     31              31.0     0.0       31
DAYS MIN <= 0       5              10.5    -5.5       14

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM         6.61   1997
 MINIMUM         0.61   1965
TOTALS           1.96              2.41   -0.45     1.25
DAILY AVG.       0.06              0.08   -0.02     0.04
DAYS >= .01        21              17.3     3.7       19
DAYS >= .10         8               7.1     0.9        4
DAYS >= .50         0               0.9    -0.9        0
DAYS >= 1.00        0               0.2    -0.2        0
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    0.38   01/25 TO 01/26

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL           91.7   1997
TOTALS           37.5              43.2    -5.7     30.1
SINCE 7/1        64.3             116.5   -52.2    113.3
SNOWDEPTH AVG.     11                19      -8       23
DAYS >= 1.0        13              11.6     1.4       13
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH        20   01/29                         26  01/31
                                                          01/20
 24 HR TOTAL      7.0   01/03 TO 01/04

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL    1478              1595    -117     1669
 SINCE 7/1       4420              5237    -817     5564
COOLING TOTAL       0                 0       0        0
 SINCE 1/1          0                 0       0        0
.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              MM
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    MM        DATE   MM
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    38/270    DATE  01/05
                                38/225          01/27

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)   MM
AVERAGE SKY COVER             MM
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR          MM
NUMBER OF DAYS PC            MM
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY        MM

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     MM

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM              0     MIXED PRECIP               0
HEAVY RAIN                0     RAIN                       0
LIGHT RAIN                1     FREEZING RAIN              0
LT FREEZING RAIN          8     HAIL                       0
HEAVY SNOW                0     SNOW                       6
LIGHT SNOW               28     SLEET                      1
FOG                       4     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE      0
HAZE                      0

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

...JANUARY 2016 MONTHLY CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR UPPER MICHIGAN...
/THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE CHIPPEWA AND MACKINAC COUNTIES/

...WARM AGAIN BUT NOT AS EXTREME AS IN DECEMBER...

...BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL INLAND TO NEAR OR
ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR...
...FOURTH HIGHEST JANUARY SNOWFALL AT MUNISING...
...NINTH HIGHEST JANUARY SNOWFALL AT NEWBERRY...

DECEMBER CLIMATE STATISTICS FOR THE MARQUETTE NWS IN NEGAUNEE
TOWNSHIP

                                    NORMAL   DEPARTURE
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE         17.1     13.6   PLUS    3.5
AVERAGE HIGH TEMPERATURE    23.0     21.9   PLUS    1.1
AVERAGE LOW TEMPERATURE     11.2      5.2   PLUS    6.0
HEATING DEGREE DAYS         1478     1595  MINUS    117
COOLING DEGREE DAYS            0        0             0
TOTAL PRECIPITATION         1.96     2.41  MINUS   0.45
TOTAL SNOWFALL              37.5     43.2  MINUS    5.7

HIGHEST TEMPERATURE:                    45 ON 1/31
LOWEST TEMPERATURE:                     -8 ON 1/13
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY PRECIPITATION:  0.34 ON 1/26
GREATEST 24 HOUR PRECIPITATION:       0.38 ON 1/25-1/26
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY SNOWFALL:        5.8 ON 1/28
GREATEST 24 HOUR SNOWFALL              7.0 ON 1/3-1/4
GREATEST SNOW DEPTH                     20 ON 1/29
PEAK WIND SPEED:      38 MPH FROM THE WEST ON 1/2 AND
                 38 MPH FROM THE SOUTHWEST ON 1/27

DAILY RECORD HIGH MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 1/30...45 /OLD RECORD
                                                    41...1989/
---------------------------------------------------------------------
GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS (FEET/METERS ABOVE MEAN SEA LEVEL)

                            LAKE SUPERIOR  LAKE MICHIGAN-HURON
1/01/16 DAILY MEAN          602.30/183.58     579.40/176.60
1/31/16 DAILY MEAN          602.09/183.52     579.23/176.55
AVG DEC 2015 DAILY MEAN     602.32/183.59     579.24/176.55
AVG JAN 2015 DAILY MEAN     602.16/183.54     579.11/176.51
LONG TERM JAN DAILY MEAN    601.44/183.32     578.38/176.29
MAXIMUM JAN DAILY MEAN      602.69/183.70     581.30/177.18
                                (1986)           (1987)
MINIMUM JAN DAILY MEAN      599.84/182.83     576.02/175.57
                                (1926)           (2013)

...GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS FALL SLOWLY BUT REMAIN WELL ABOVE
NORMAL IN JANUARY...

AS IS TYPICAL...GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS FELL DURING JANUARY 2016.
BUT DUE TO RUNOFF FROM SOME HEAVY RAIN AT THE END OF 2015...WATER
LEVELS ACROSS THE WESTERN GREAT LAKES REMAINED ABOVE NORMAL. AT THE
END OF JANUARY...WATER LEVELS ON LAKE SUPERIOR WERE 7 TO 8 INCHES
ABOVE NORMAL AND WITHIN AN INCH OF THE LEVEL OBSERVED IN JANUARY
2015. THE LEVEL ON LAKES MICHIGAN AND HURON WAS ABOUT 10 INCHES
ABOVE AVERAGE ON 1/31 AND 1 TO 2 INCHES HIGHER THAN IN JANUARY 2015.

OBTAIN GREAT LAKES WATER LEVEL DATA AS REPORTED BY THE U.S. ARMY
CORPS OF ENGINEERS AT

HTTP://WWW.LRE.USACE.ARMY.MIL/MISSIONS/GREATLAKESINFORMATION/
       GREATLAKESWATERLEVELS/CURRENTCONDITIONS.ASPX (ALL LOWER CASE).
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                       JANUARY CLIMATE HIGHLIGHTS

HIGHEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...51 AT BIG BAY IN MARQUETTE COUNTY
                                ON 1/30

LOWEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...-27 AT STAMBAUGH IN IRON COUNTY ON 1/29

HIGHEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...23.3 DEGREES AT COPPER HARBOR

LOWEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...12.1 DEGREES AT STAMBAUGH IN IRON COUNTY

HIGHEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...4.41 INCHES AT ATLANTIC MINE
                                 IN HOUGHTON COUNTY

LOWEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...0.74 INCH AT IRON MOUNTAIN

HIGHEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...94.3 INCHES AT PAINESDALE IN HOUGHTON
                            COUNTY

LOWEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...3.9 INCHES AT MENOMINEE

GREATEST SNOW DEPTH...37 INCHES AT ATLANTIC MINE

LOWEST SNOW DEPTH...1 INCH AT MANISTIQUE ON 1/9

A WEST-TO-EAST FLOW OF MILD PACIFIC AIR ASSOCIATED WITH AN ONGOING
STRONG EL NINO IN THE TROPICAL PACIFIC OCEAN DOMINATED THE UNITED
STATES MUCH OF THE TIME IN JANUARY 2016...RESULTING IN A THIRD
CONSECUTIVE MONTH THAT FEATURED WELL ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES IN
THE UPPER GREAT LAKES. BUT SINCE THIS ZONAL FLOW DID GIVE WAY TO A
DEEP TROUGH OVER EAST CENTRAL NORTH AMERICA AT MID MONTH THAT
ALLOWED INFLUXES OF ARCTIC AIR INTO THE GREAT LAKES...THE POSITIVE
MEAN MONTHLY TEMPERATURE ANOMALY WAS NOT AS SIGNIFICANT AS THE
RECORD VALUES REPORTED IN DECEMBER. THE JANUARY 2016 MEAN
TEMPERATURE RANGED FROM NEAR 12 DEGREES OVER THE INTERIOR WEST HALF
OF UPPER MICHIGAN TO ABOUT 23 DEGREES ALONG THE WARMING INFLUENCE OF
LAKE SUPERIOR AT COPPER HARBOR...READINGS THAT ARE ABOUT 2 TO 4
DEGREES ABOVE THE JANUARY NORMAL BUT 10 TO AS MUCH AS 16 DEGREES
LOWER THAN THE DECEMBER 2015 AVERAGES.

THE WARMEST PERIODS DURING JANUARY OCCURRED AT TIMES DURING THE
FIRST 9 DAYS AND LAST 10 DAYS OF THE MONTH. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES
RAN 10 TO AS MUCH AS 20 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL ON SOME OF THESE DAYS.
AT SOME PLACES...THE MERCURY NEVER FELL BELOW FREEZING AS A LOW
PRESSURE SYSTEM AND LOTS OF CLOUDS PASSED THROUGH THE UPPER LAKES
DURING THE NIGHTS ON 1/7-1/8 AND 1/8-1/9...RESULTING IN SOME JANUARY
RAIN INSTEAD OF SNOW OVER AT LEAST PORTIONS OF THE SOUTHEAST HALF.
THE WARMEST WEATHER OF JANUARY OCCURRED AT THE END OF THE MONTH.
MOST PLACES SAW THE MERCURY SURGE INTO THE 40S WITH SOME AFTERNOON
SUNSHINE ON 1/30. BIG BAY IN MARQUETTE COUNTY REPORTED THE MONTHLY
HIGH OF 51 THAT AFTERNOON. SOME PLACES ALSO HAD HIGH TEMPERATURES IN
THE 40S ON 1/31.

AS THE UPPER TROUGH DEEPENED INTO THE GREAT LAKES FOLLOWED THE
PASSAGE OF THE LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM RESPONSIBLE FOR THE RAIN INTO
1/9...MOST DAYS FROM 1/10 INTO 1/21 FEATURED COLDER-THAN-NORMAL
WEATHER AND FREQUENT LAKE EFFECT OR LAKE ENHANCED SNOWS. MEAN DAILY
TEMPERATURES ON SOME OF THE DAYS DURING THIS TIME WERE AS LOW AS 10
TO 15 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. AT SOME LOCATIONS OVER THE WEST...THE
THERMOMETER NEVER ROSE ABOVE ZERO FROM LATE ON 1/16 INTO 1/19.
TEMPERATURES FELL TO -10 OR LOWER AT AT LEAST ONE SPOT ACROSS THE
AREA ON 1/5...1/11...1/13...1/17...1/18...1/19...1/20...1/21 AND
1/29. THE MONTHLY MINIMUM OF A FRIGID -27 AT STAMBAUGH IN IRON
COUNTY OCCURRED EARLY ON 1/29 AS CLEAR SKIES AND LIGHT WINDS UNDER A
PASSING HIGH PRESSURE RIDGE ALLOWED FOR IDEAL NOCTURNAL COOLING.
1/29 IS ONLY DAY TEMPERATURES FELL TO -20 OR LOWER AT ANY PLACE
ACROSS UPPER MICHIGAN IN JANUARY 2016.

SINCE ONLY A FEW DEEP...MOISTURE LADEN LOW PRESSURE SYSTEMS THAT
IMPACTED THE UPPER GREAT LAKES IN JANUARY...MONTHLY PRECIPITATION
AND SNOWFALL ENDED UP BELOW NORMAL AT INLAND AREAS THAT MISSED THE
NUMEROUS EPISODES OF LAKE EFFECT OR LAKE ENHANCED SNOW ASSOCIATED
WITH THE PASSAGE OF ALBERTA CLIPPER-TYPE DISTURBANCES. AN INCH OR
LESS OF WATER EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION FELL OVER PORTIONS OF SOUTH
CENTRAL UPPER MICHIGAN. IN FACT...THE 0.74 INCH REPORTED AT IRON
MOUNTAIN IS ONLY ABOUT 60 PERCENT OF THE JANUARY NORMAL FOR THAT
SITE. SIMILARLY...LESS THAN 10 INCHES OF SNOW ACCUMULATED DURING THE
MONTH OVER PORTIONS OF THE SOUTH CENTRAL...WITH AS LITTLE AS 3.9
INCHES AT MENOMINEE. THESE SNOW TOTALS ARE 50 TO 75 PERCENT OF
NORMAL.

BUT CLOSER TO LAKE SUPERIOR WHERE THE RELATIVELY WARM LAKE WATERS
ENHANCED PRECIPITATION AND SNOW TOTALS...THE JANUARY TOTALS ENDED
WELL ABOVE AVERAGE AT SOME LOCATIONS. MORE THAN 75 INCHES OF SNOW
FELL IN THE LAKE EFFECT SNOW BELTS FAVORED BY THE NORTHWEST WINDS
THAT MORE FREQUENTLY OCCURRED DURING THESE EVENTS...WITH 90 INCHES
OR MORE OF SNOW REPORTED AT SOME OF THE HIGHER TERRAIN LOCATIONS
ACROSS THE KEWEENAW PENINSULA DURING THE MONTH. ALTHOUGH MONTHLY
SNOWFALL IN THE FAVORED AREAS EAST OF MARQUETTE WERE NOT AS GREAT AS
OVER NORTHWEST UPPER MICHIGAN...THE TOTALS AT MUNISING AND NEWBERRY
WERE STILL AMONG THE TOP TEN HIGHEST REPORTED IN ANY PREVIOUS
JANUARY AT THOSE SITES. THE 75.1 INCHES THAT BURIED MUNISING IS
ALMOST 175 PERCENT OF THE JANUARY AVERAGE THERE.

A SERIES OF LOW PRESSURE CENTERS MOVING NORTHEAST FROM THE PLAINS
INTO THE WESTERN GREAT LAKES CAUSED A LIGHT TO MODERATE WINTRY MIX
OF PRECIPITATION FROM LATE ON 1/7 INTO 1/9. MUCH OF THIS
PRECIPITATION WAS IN THE FORM OF RAIN OVER THE SOUTHEAST HALF AND
SNOW OVER THE NORTHWEST HALF OF UPPER MICHIGAN. MOST PLACES SAW 0.25
TO 0.50 INCH OF WATER EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION DURING THIS
PERIOD...INCLUDING 0.52 INCH AT MENOMINEE. A NUMBER OF LOCATIONS
OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE NORTHWEST HALF PICKED UP 4 INCHES OR
MORE OF SNOW...WITH UP TO 5.5 INCHES FALLING AT HOUGHTON.

AFTER THE LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM RESPONSIBLE FOR THE MIXED
PRECIPITATION EVENT MOVED AWAY...NEARLY CONTINUOUS LAKE EFFECT SNOW
FELL IN THE FAVORED SNOW BELTS DOWNWIND OF LAKE SUPERIOR ON 1/10
INTO 1/19 WHEN THE UPPER TROUGH WAS DEEPEST AND ARCTIC AIR FLOWED
OVER THE RELATIVELY WARM LAKE WATERS. A NUMBER OF LOCATIONS NEAR
LAKE SUPERIOR PICKED UP 4 FEET OR MORE OF SNOW DURING THIS MID
JANUARY PERIOD...INCLUDING 62.0 INCHES AT ATLANTIC MINE IN HOUGHTON
COUNTY AND 58.8 INCHES AT PAINESDALE IN HOUGHTON COUNTY. A GOOD DEAL
OF THIS SNOW FELL ON 1/16 INTO 1/19 FOLLOWING THE PASSAGE OF AN
ARCTIC COLD FRONT ON 1/16. ATLANTIC MINE WAS BURIED UNDER 36.0
INCHES DURING THIS TIME. CHATHAM IN ALGER COUNTY REPORTED A 29.8
INCH SNOW TOTAL. MUNISING AND PAINESDALE WERE CLOSE BEHIND...BOTH
LOGGING 29.5 INCHES ON 1/16 INTO 1/19. WINDS GUSTING AS HIGH AS 35
MPH ALSO CAUSED AREAS OF BLOWING SNOW AND SHARPLY REDUCED VISIBILITY
DURING THIS STRETCH...ESPECIALLY NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR.

A LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM PASSING THROUGH THE CENTRAL GREAT LAKES
BROUGHT SOME MODERATE SNOWFALL ON 1/25 INTO 1/26. A NUMBER OF
LOCATIONS PICKED UP 4 TO 6 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF DURING THIS
EVENT. IRONWOOD LED REPORTING STATIONS WITH 7.3 INCHES.

MORE SNOW ARRIVED LATE ON 1/27 AHEAD OF A LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM
PASSING ACROSS NORTHERN LAKE SUPERIOR ON 1/28. THE PASSAGE OF THE
COLD FRONT ASSOCIATED WITH THIS LOW DURING THE NIGHT ON 1/27-1/28
CAUSED SOME LAKE ENHANCED SNOW NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR THAT PERSISTED
INTO THE EVENING ON 1/28. SNOWFALL DURING THIS EVENT RANGED FROM
LESS THAN AN INCH OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL TO NEARLY A FOOT AT SOME
PLACES OVER THE WEST...INCLUDING 11.6 INCHES AT BERGLAND DAM IN
ONTONAGON COUNTY AND 11.4 INCHES AT PAINESDALE AND IRONWOOD. WEST
WINDS GUSTING AS HIGH AS 45 MPH AT FREDA DURING THE EVENING ON 1/27
FOLLOWING THE FRONTAL PASSAGE ALSO CAUSED CONSIDERABLE BLOWING SNOW.
---------------------------------------------------------------------
  ...SEPTEMBER THROUGH JANUARY CLIMATE STATS FOR UPPER MICHIGAN...

                 ...TOP FIVE WARMEST AT MOST PLACES...
    ...VARIABLE PRECIPITATION  WITH WELL BELOW NORMAL SNOWFALL...

                         AVERAGE TEMPERATURE

                                         /OR PREVIOUS/
               OBSERVED NORMAL DEPARTURE    RECORD          RANK

IRON MOUNTAIN    38.9    33.4    +5.5   38.7 /2001-02/ RECORD WARMEST

NEWBERRY         40.2    34.9    +5.3   39.4 /1994-95/ RECORD WARMEST

MARQUETTE NWS    37.4    32.1    +5.3   37.0 /2001-02/ RECORD WARMEST

MANISTIQUE       39.9    35.9    +4.0   39.2 /2001-02/ RECORD WARMEST

HOUGHTON         39.1    33.0    +6.1   40.2 /1931-32/    2ND WARMEST

MUNISING         39.6    35.4    +4.2   39.7 /1994-95/    2ND WARMEST

MARQUETTE CITY   41.2    36.7    +5.5   43.8 /1931-32/    3RD WARMEST

IRONWOOD         36.5    31.3    +5.2   40.0 /1931-32/    3RD WARMEST

                            PRECIPITATION

               OBSERVED NORMAL DEPARTURE    RECORD          RANK

IRONWOOD        20.80   14.78    +6.02  22.25 /1982-83/   3RD HIGHEST

MANISTIQUE      16.66   12.41    +4.25  18.73 /1977-78/   5TH HIGHEST

NEWBERRY        16.99   15.94    +1.05  23.34 /1995-96/  18TH HIGHEST

IRON MOUNTAIN   13.56   11.48    +2.08  16.43 /1970-71/  20TH HIGHEST

HOUGHTON        15.10   13.04    +2.06  28.48 /1985-86/     ****

MARQUETTE CITY  12.79   12.71    +0.08  25.02 /1884-85/     ****

MUNISING        19.10   19.06    +0.04  24.68 /1981-82/     ****

MARQUETTE NWS   13.52   15.72    -2.20   7.06 /1976-77/   13TH LOWEST

                               SNOWFALL

                                         /OR PREVIOUS/
               OBSERVED NORMAL DEPARTURE    RECORD          RANK

MUNISING         86.7   108.1    -21.4  41.5 /1911-12/  RECORD LOWEST

MANISTIQUE       21.2    45.0    -23.8  16.2 /1979-80/     7TH LOWEST

MARQUETTE NWS    64.3   116.5    -52.2  32.0 /1967-68/     9TH LOWEST

NEWBERRY         71.1    84.4    -13.3  13.5 /1899-1900/  24TH LOWEST

MARQUETTE CITY   37.7    66.7    -29.0  26.7 /2012-13/    11TH LOWEST

IRON MOUNTAIN    15.0    33.8    -18.8   3.2 /1904-05/     7TH LOWEST

HOUGHTON        111.7   148.8    -37.1  36.5 /1913-14/      ****

IRONWOOD         84.0   121.8    -37.8  32.6 /1901-02/      ****

**** RANK NOT IN TOP 25
---------------------------------------------------------------------
SOME OTHER TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION OBSERVATIONS ACROSS UPPER
MICHIGAN IN JANUARY 2016 INCLUDE:

IRONWOOD...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 13.5 /1.9 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
           PRECIPITATION 2.19 INCHES /0.26 INCH ABOVE NORMAL/
           SNOWFALL 47.2 INCHES /3.0 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL/

WATERSMEET (GOGEBIC COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.46 INCHES
                              SNOWFALL 18.4 INCHES

ONTONAGON...PRECIPITATION 2.45 INCHES
            SNOWFALL 40.6 INCHES

GREENLAND (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 20.3 DEGREES
                               PRECIPITATION 3.48 INCHES
                               SNOWFALL 58.2 INCHES

BERGLAND DAM (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 4.14 INCHES
                                  SNOWFALL 52.5 INCHES

HOUGHTON COUNTY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 19.6 /4.1 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
 AIRPORT          PRECIPITATION 3.51 INCHES /0.93 INCH ABOVE NORMAL/
                  SNOWFALL 72.8 INCHES /4.0 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL/

ATLANTIC MINE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 4.41 INCHES
                                  SNOWFALL 91.5 INCHES

PAINESDALE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...SNOWFALL 94.3 INCHES

COPPER HARBOR...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 23.3 DEGREES

JACOBSVILLE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 18.5 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 2.52 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 31.1 INCHES

BARAGA...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 18.2 DEGREES
         PRECIPITATION 2.17 INCHES
         SNOWFALL 30.5 INCHES

HERMAN (BARAGA COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.95 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 43.4 INCHES

CLARKSBURG (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 15.4 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 1.51 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 23.9 INCHES

BIG BAY (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 20.0 DEGREES
                             PRECIPITATION 2.42 INCHES
                             SNOWFALL 35.4 INCHES

MARQUETTE CITY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 21.0 /2.2 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
                 PRECIPITATION 2.16 INCHES /0.33 INCH ABOVE NORMAL/
                 SNOWFALL 28.6 INCHES /0.9 INCH BELOW NORMAL/

CHATHAM (ALGER COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 18.6 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 3.64 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 65.1 INCHES

MUNISING...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 19.9 /2.0 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
           PRECIPITATION 4.23 INCHES /0.96 INCH ABOVE NORMAL/
           SNOWFALL 75.1 INCHES /31.8 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL/

GRAND MARAIS...PRECIPITATION 3.86 INCHES
(10 MILES SOUTH) SNOWFALL 70.4 INCHES

NEWBERRY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 19.8 /3.1 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
           PRECIPITATION 2.91 INCHES /0.16 INCH ABOVE NORMAL/
           SNOWFALL 55.7 INCHES /19.9 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL/

STAMBAUGH (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 12.1 DEGREES
                          PRECIPITATION 0.79 INCH
                          SNOWFALL 9.4 INCHES

AMASA (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 14.7 DEGREES
                      PRECIPITATION 0.98 INCH
                      SNOWFALL 13.1 INCHES

FORD AIRPORT...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 17.0 DEGREES
 NEAR IRON MOUNTAIN

IRON MOUNTAIN...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 16.3 /2.6 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
                PRECIPITATION 0.74 INCH /0.49 INCH BELOW NORMAL/
                SNOWFALL 7.7 INCHES /6.0 INCHES BELOW NORMAL/

NORWAY (DICKINSON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 17.4 DEGREES
                            PRECIPITATION 1.12 INCHES
                            SNOWFALL 10.1 INCHES

DAGGETT (MENOMINEE COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 0.91 INCH

MENOMINEE...PRECIPITATION 1.15 INCHES
            SNOWFALL 3.9 INCHES

ESCANABA...PRECIPITATION 1.06 INCHES
           SNOWFALL 7.1 INCHES

GLADSTONE (DELTA COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.45 INCHES
                           SNOWFALL 12.1 INCHES

GARDEN CORNERS (DELTA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 19.6 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 1.76 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 15.6 INCHES

COOKS (SCHOOLCRAFT COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 2.93 INCHES
                             SNOWFALL 29.0 INCHES

MANISTIQUE...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 19.7 /2.1 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
             PRECIPITATION 1.54 INCHES /0.03 INCH BELOW NORMAL/
             SNOWFALL 16.4 INCHES /4.6 INCHES BELOW NORMAL/
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                          MARCH FORECAST

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING A GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF AN ABOVE NORMAL MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURE
AND BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY PRECIPITATION OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN
MARCH 2016 DUE TO THE ONGOING STRONG EL NINO.

                        MARCH CLIMATOLOGY

AS THE SUN CONTINUES ITS MARCH NORTHWARD DURING THE THIRD MONTH OF
THE YEAR...DAYLIGHT AND AVERAGE TEMPERATURES INCREASE STEADILY. THE
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE INCREASES FROM 666 MINUTES ON 3/1 TO 765 MINUTES
ON 3/31. ON 3/1...NORMAL MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM TEMPERATURES AT THE
MARQUETTE NWS ARE 30 AND 8...BUT REBOUND TO 40 AND 20 ON 3/31.
MONTHLY AVERAGE TEMPERATURES THROUGHOUT UPPER MICHIGAN ARE 8 TO 11
DEGREES HIGHER IN MARCH THAN FEBRUARY. REMEMBER TO TURN YOUR CLOCKS
AHEAD ONE HOUR AT 2 AM EST ON SUNDAY 3/13 AS MOST OF THE UNITED
STATES TRANSITIONS FROM STANDARD TIME TO DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME.
SPRING ARRIVES IN THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE THIS YEAR ON 3/20 AT 12:30
AM EDT.

SPRING OFTEN TEASES UPPER MICHIGAN RESIDENTS DURING MARCH WITH
RECORD HIGH TEMPERATURES REACHING WELL INTO THE 60S AND 70S COMMON
BY MONTH`S END. BUT IN MARCH 2012...UNPRECEDENTED WARMTH ARRIVED AT
MID-MONTH AS A SPRAWLING RIDGE OF HIGH PRESSURE DOMINATED THE GREAT
LAKES FOR ALMOST 3 WEEKS. MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURES ENDED UP 10 TO
16 DEGREES ABOVE THE LONG TERM AVERAGE...ENOUGH TO PLACE MARCH 2012
AS THE WARMEST THIRD MONTH ON RECORD ALMOST EVERYWHERE EXCEPT FOR
MANISTIQUE. DURING THE WARMEST STRETCH FROM 3/17 TO 3/21...MEAN
DAILY TEMPERATURES AVERAGED AN INCREDIBLE 35 TO 40 DEGREES ABOVE
NORMAL. MANY LOCATIONS REPORTED THE HIGHEST MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM
TEMPERATURE EVER OBSERVED IN MARCH DURING THIS WARM SPELL...
INCLUDING SOME DAYTIME HIGHS IN THE LOW 80S AND OVERNIGHT LOWS IN
THE 50S AND LOW 60S. HARVEY IN MARQUETTE COUNTY LOGGED THE HIGHEST
TEMPERATURE...AN INCREDIBLE 85 ON 3/21. SOME OF THESE DAYS WOULD
HAVE BEEN WARM BY MID-SUMMER STANDARDS. IN RECENT MEMORY...MARCH
2010...2000 AND 1995 WERE ALSO QUITE WARM AND AMONG THE TOP FIVE
WARMEST AT MANY SPOTS. THE EARLY ONSET OF 70- TO 75-DEGREE PLUS
TEMPERATURES BY 3/7 IN MARCH 2000 WAS ALMOST UNPRECEDENTED.

RECORD LOW SNOWFALL AT ALL LOCATIONS DURING MARCH IS AN INCH OR
LESS. MANY LOCATIONS SET THIS MONTHLY RECORD FOR LOW SNOWFALL IN THE
WARM AND DRY MARCH OF 2010. A STRONG EL NINO ALSO RESULTED IN VERY
LOW SNOW TOTALS IN MARCH 1973...WHEN EVEN NORMALLY SNOWY MUNISING
RECORDED A MEAGER 0.5 INCH OF THE WHITE STUFF.

BUT WINTER CAN ALSO SHOW ITS NASTY SIDE DURING MARCH. EVEN ON
3/31...RECORD LOW TEMPERATURES REACH BELOW ZERO AT MANY PLACES...
INCLUDING -17 AT IRONWOOD (3/31/75). DURING THE VERY COLD MARCH
1965...RECORD LOW TEMPERATURES AT THE MARQUETTE NWS DROPPED TO -20
AS LATE AS 3/24/65. ON 3/7/84...THE LOW TEMPERATURE AT IRONWOOD
PLUMMETED TO 34 BELOW ZERO. IN 2003...AN ARCTIC INVASION AT THE
BEGINNING OF THE MONTH DROPPED THE MERCURY AS LOW AS 42 BELOW ZERO
AT EWEN IN ONTONAGON COUNTY ON 3/3. MORE RECENTLY...MARCH 2014
FEATURED LENGTHY PERIODS DOMINATED BY ARCTIC AIRMASSES. THE MEAN
MONTHLY TEMPERATURE THEN RAN 9 TO 13 DEGREES BELOW THE LONG TERM
AVERAGE...EARNING THAT MONTH THE TITLE OF THE COLDEST MARCH ON
RECORD AT IRONWOOD...THE MARQUETTE NWS...MUNISING...MANISTIQUE AND
ONTONAGON AND AS ONE OF THE TOP FIVE COLDEST ELSEWHERE ACROSS UPPER
MICHIGAN.

ALTHOUGH LAKE EFFECT SNOW BECOMES LESS LIKELY DURING MARCH AS LAKE
SUPERIOR TEMPERATURES USUALLY REACH THEIR LOWEST READINGS AND ICE
COVER PEAKS...AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DURING MARCH IS MORE THAN DURING
FEBRUARY BECAUSE THE NORTHWARD MOVING JET STREAM BRINGS MORE
MOISTURE-LADEN LOW PRESSURE SYSTEMS TO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES. THIS
INCREASED STORMINESS RESULTS IN HIGHER AVERAGE SNOWFALL AT INLAND
LOCATIONS THAN IN FEBRUARY. THE AVERAGE MONTHLY SNOW AT IRON
MOUNTAIN DURING FEBRUARY IS 9.1 INCHES...BUT RISES TO 11.1 INCHES IN
MARCH. HEAVY SNOW CAN FALL WHEN LARGE STORM SYSTEMS FUELED BY THIS
ACTIVE MARCH JET STREAM PUSH NORTHEAST FROM THE PLAINS INTO THE
GREAT LAKES. IN FACT...THE SNOWIEST DAY EVER AT THE MARQUETTE NWS
WAS 3/14/97...WHEN A POTENT LOW PRESSURE CENTER MOVED THROUGH
WISCONSIN AND DUMPED 26.2 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF...PUSHING THE
SNOW DEPTH TO A RECORD 63 INCHES ON 3/15/97. SINCE THE EARLY WINTER
IN 2001-2002 WAS SO WARM AND LAKE SUPERIOR WATER TEMPERATURES WERE
WELL ABOVE NORMAL LATE IN THE WINTER...HEAVY LAKE EFFECT SNOW FELL
IN MARCH 2002 ONCE VERY COLD AIR PUSHED SOUTH AND CONTRIBUTED TO A
RECORD MARCH SNOWFALL AT THE MARQUETTE NWS (83.1 INCHES)...NEWBERRY
(66.9 INCHES)...AND IRONWOOD (60.8 INCHES). A TOTAL OF 63.5 INCHES
OF SNOW SMOTHERED THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT IN MARCH 1976. DURING
THAT SAME MARCH...60.6 INCHES ACCUMULATED AT THE MARQUETTE NWS.

               OUTLOOK FOR SPRING INTO EARLY SUMMER

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING A GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF AN ABOVE NORMAL 3-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE
AND BELOW NORMAL 3-MONTH PRECIPITATION OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN
APRIL THROUGH JUNE 2016. THESE FORECAST TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION
ANOMALIES ARE DUE TO AN EXPECTED SLOWLY WEAKENING BUT PERSISTENT EL
NINO IN THE TROPICAL EASTERN PACIFIC OCEAN.

GO TO HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/CLIMATE/L3MTO.PHP TO ACCESS DETAILED
LOCAL THREE-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OUTLOOKS FOR A NUMBER OF SITES
IN UPPER MICHIGAN.

CHECK OUT HTTP://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT
THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER AND MORE LONG RANGE PREDICTIONS.

NOTE THAT STATISTICS FOR THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE IN
NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP ARE BASED ON RECORDS WHICH BEGAN IN OCTOBER 1961.
THIRTY YEAR NORMALS USED ARE FOR THE PERIOD OF 1981 THROUGH 2010.
NOTE ALL TEMPERATURES ARE IN FAHRENHEIT AND PRECIPITATION IS IN
INCHES. ALL CLIMATE DATA LISTED IN THIS PRODUCT ARE UNOFFICIAL. FOR
OFFICIAL DATA...PLEASE REFER TO THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER.
ALSO NOTE THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE DATA FROM CHIPPEWA AND
MACKINAC COUNTIES.

NWS MARQUETTE WEB PAGE IS AT HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/MQT (ALL LOWER
CASE). CONTACT THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER AT (828) 271-4800
OR WWW.NCDC.NOAA.GOV.

$$

KC



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