Climatological Report (Monthly)
Issued by NWS Marquette, MI

Home | Current Version | Previous Version | Graphics & Text | Print | Product List | Glossary On
Versions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50
000
CXUS53 KMQT 030949
CLMMQT

CLIMATE REPORT...PRELIMINARY
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MARQUETTE MI
549 AM EDT MON OCT 3 2016

...................................

...THE MARQUETTE MI CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF SEPTEMBER
2016...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1961 TO 2016

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH              93   09/09/2002
 LOW               21   09/27/1965
HIGHEST            80   09/05        63      17       86  09/01
LOWEST             41   09/02        44      -3       30  09/30
AVG. MAXIMUM     67.7              65.8     1.9     71.7
AVG. MINIMUM     50.8              45.8     5.0     51.0
MEAN             59.3              55.8     3.5     61.4
DAYS MAX >= 90      0               0.1    -0.1        0
DAYS MAX <= 32      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MIN <= 32      0               1.6    -1.6        2
DAYS MIN <= 0       0               0.0     0.0        0

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM         7.60   1968
 MINIMUM         1.21   1989
TOTALS           5.70              3.72    1.98     1.60
DAILY AVG.       0.19              0.12    0.07     0.05
DAYS >= .01        13              13.4    -0.4        8
DAYS >= .10         7               7.8    -0.8        5
DAYS >= .50         4               2.5     1.5        0
DAYS >= 1.00        3               0.7     2.3        0
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    1.55   09/10 TO 09/10

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL            1.7   1993
TOTALS            0.0               0.1    -0.1      0.0
SINCE 7/1           T               0.1    -0.1      0.0
SNOWDEPTH AVG.      0                MM      MM        0
DAYS >= 1.0         0               0.0     0.0        0
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH         0   MM                             0  MM
 24 HR TOTAL      0.0   MM

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL     173               297    -124      165
 SINCE 7/1        273               482    -209      333
COOLING TOTAL      10                21     -11       65
 SINCE 1/1        246               241       5      247
.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              MM
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    MM        DATE   MM
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    36/270    DATE  09/19

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)   MM
AVERAGE SKY COVER             MM
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR          MM
NUMBER OF DAYS PC            MM
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY        MM

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     MM

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM              0     MIXED PRECIP               0
HEAVY RAIN                4     RAIN                       4
LIGHT RAIN               18     FREEZING RAIN              0
LT FREEZING RAIN          0     HAIL                       0
HEAVY SNOW                0     SNOW                       0
LIGHT SNOW                0     SLEET                      0
FOG                       8     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE      3
HAZE                      0

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

...SEPTEMBER 2016 MONTHLY CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR UPPER MICHIGAN...
/THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE CHIPPEWA AND MACKINAC COUNTIES/

...VERY WARM...
...SIXTH WARMEST SEPTEMBER AT THE MARQUETTE NWS...

...WETTER THAN NORMAL...

SEPTEMBER CLIMATE STATISTICS FOR THE MARQUETTE NWS
 IN NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP

                                    NORMAL   DEPARTURE
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE         59.3     55.8   PLUS    3.5
AVERAGE HIGH TEMPERATURE    67.7     65.8   PLUS    1.9
AVERAGE LOW TEMPERATURE     50.8     45.8   PLUS    5.0
HEATING DEGREE DAYS          173      297  MINUS    124
COOLING DEGREE DAYS           10       21  MINUS     11
TOTAL PRECIPITATION         5.70     3.72   PLUS   1.98
TOTAL SNOWFALL                 0      0.1  MINUS    0.1

HIGHEST TEMPERATURE:                    80 ON 9/5
LOWEST TEMPERATURE:                     41 ON 9/2
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY PRECIPITATION:  1.55 ON 9/10
GREATEST 24 HOUR PRECIPITATION:       1.55 ON 9/10
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY SNOWFALL:          0
PEAK WIND SPEED:      36 MPH FROM THE WEST ON 9/19

DAILY RECORD PRECIPITATION ON 9/16...1.28 /OLD RECORD 0.89...1972/
SIXTH HIGHEST SEPTEMBER MEAN TEMPERATURES...59.3 /RECORD 61.8...2004/
---------------------------------------------------------------------
GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS (FEET/METERS ABOVE MEAN SEA LEVEL)

                            LAKE SUPERIOR  LAKE MICHIGAN-HURON
9/01/16 DAILY MEAN          602.68/183.70     580.06/176.80
9/29/16 DAILY MEAN          602.75/183.72     579.81/176.72
AVG AUG 2016 DAILY MEAN     602.69/183.70     580.11/176.82
AVG SEP 2015 DAILY MEAN     602.65/183.69     579.72/176.70
LONG TERM SEP DAILY MEAN    602.13/183.53     579.07/176.50
MAXIMUM SEP DAILY MEAN      603.22/183.86     581.96/177.38
                                (1985)           (1986)
MINIMUM SEP DAILY MEAN      600.46/183.02     576.64/175.76
                                (2007)           (1964)

...GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS STILL WELL ABOVE NORMAL IN SEPTEMBER...

EVEN THOUGH LAKE SUPERIOR WATER LEVELS NORMALLY REMAIN STEADY FROM
AUGUST INTO SEPTEMBER DUE TO INCREASED EVAPORATION AT A TIME WATER
TEMPERATURES ARE HIGHEST, ABOVE NORMAL RAINFALL IN THE SUPERIOR
DRAINAGE BASIN THROUGH THE SUMMER RESULTED IN AN INCH RISE IN WATER
LEVEL FROM AUGUST TO SEPTEMBER IN 2016. AT THE END OF SEPTEMBER,
WATER LEVELS ON LAKE SUPERIOR WERE 7 TO 8 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL AND
AROUND AN INCH HIGHER THAN OBSERVED IN SEPTEMBER 2015. SINCE THE
LOWER LAKES HAVE BEEN DRIER THIS SUMMER AND ABOVE NORMAL
TEMPERATURES HAVE RESULTED IN A GOOD DEAL OF EVAPORATION, THE LEVEL
ON LAKES MICHIGAN AND HURON FELL ABOUT 3 INCHES DURING SEPTEMBER.
BUT THE LEVEL ON THESE LAKES REMAINED 8 TO 9 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL AT
THE END OF THE MONTH AND ABOUT AN INCH HIGHER THAN IN SEPTEMBER 2015.

OBTAIN GREAT LAKES WATER LEVEL DATA AS REPORTED BY THE U.S. ARMY
CORPS OF ENGINEERS AT

HTTP://WWW.LRE.USACE.ARMY.MIL/MISSIONS/GREATLAKESINFORMATION/
       GREATLAKESWATERLEVELS/CURRENTCONDITIONS.ASPX.
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                          OCTOBER FORECAST

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING A GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF AN ABOVE NORMAL MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURE
BUT EQUAL CHANCES OF ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY PRECIPITATION
ACROSS ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN OCTOBER 2016.

                         OCTOBER CLIMATOLOGY

AVERAGE TEMPERATURES IN OCTOBER CONTINUE THEIR DOWNWARD SPIRAL AS
THE SUN STAYS UP LESS AND LESS EACH DAY. THE OCTOBER MEAN
TEMPERATURE ACROSS UPPER MICHIGAN IS ABOUT TEN DEGREES LOWER THAN IN
SEPTEMBER AT MOST PLACES. POSSIBLE DAILY SUNSHINE DECREASES ABOUT 3
OR 4 MINUTES EVERY DAY DURING THE TENTH MONTH FROM 703 MINUTES ON
10/1 TO 607 MINUTES ON HALLOWEEN.

ALTHOUGH AVERAGE TEMPERATURES DECREASE DURING OCTOBER...RECORD HIGH
TEMPERATURES AT MANY PLACES IN UPPER MICHIGAN ARE STILL IN THE 80S
DURING THE FIRST WEEK OF THE MONTH. IN FACT...RESIDENTS OF IRON
MOUNTAIN BASKED IN A SUMMER-LIKE HIGH OF 88 ON 10/3/92. DOWNTOWN
MARQUETTE ENJOYED A TASTE OF SUMMER EVEN AS LATE AS 10/18 IN 1950...
WHEN THE MERCURY REACHED A BALMY 86 DEGREES.

BUT BY THE END OF OCTOBER...THE ICY HAND OF WINTER USUALLY BEGINS TO
GRIP UPPER MICHIGAN HARDER AND HARDER. RECORD LOW TEMPERATURES AT
MONTHS END FALL INTO THE TEENS EVERYWHERE AND EVEN AS LOW AS THE
SINGLE NUMBERS ABOVE ZERO AWAY FROM THE WARMING INFLUENCE OF LAKE
SUPERIOR. ON 10/30/1925...IRONWOOD RECORDED A LOW OF 2 DEGREES ABOVE
ZERO. OCTOBER 2002 WAS THE COLDEST OCTOBER ON RECORD AT THE
MARQUETTE NWS...AND AMONG THE TOP TEN COLDEST AT IRONWOOD AND IRON
MOUNTAIN. MONTHLY TEMPERATURES AVERAGED 4 TO 6 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL
ACROSS UPPER MICHIGAN. OCTOBER 2009 WAS ALSO QUITE CHILLY WITH AN
AVERAGE MONTHLY TEMPERATURE 3 TO 5 DEGREES BELOW THE MEAN. MUNISING
REPORTED THE COLDEST OCTOBER ON RECORD IN 2009...AND MANY PLACES
EXPERIENCED A TOP FIVE OR TEN COLDEST TENTH MONTH.

EVEN THOUGH AVERAGE PRECIPITATION IN OCTOBER IS LOWER THAN IN
SEPTEMBER AT MOST SPOTS...THE RESIDUAL WARMTH OF LAKE SUPERIOR
USUALLY CAUSES INCREASED LAKE EFFECT RAIN AND SNOW SHOWER ACTIVITY
DURING THE TENTH MONTH. MORE NUMEROUS ARCTIC AIR MASSES PLUNGING
SOUTH FROM CANADA ARE DESTABILIZED AS THEY CROSS THE RELATIVELY WARM
WATER...RESULTING IN THE INCREASED CONVECTIVE ACTIVITY. IF THE AIR
IS COLD ENOUGH...HEAVY SNOW CAN FALL...ESPECIALLY OVER HIGHER
TERRAIN JUST DOWNWIND OF LAKE SUPERIOR. BETWEEN 10/11 AND 10/14 IN
2006...AN UNUSUALLY EARLY WINTER STORM BLASTED THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF
THE WEST HALF OF UPPER MICHIGAN WITH 20 OR MORE INCHES OF SNOW...
INCLUDING AS MUCH AS 26.6 INCHES AT TWIN LAKES IN HOUGHTON COUNTY.
IN OCTOBER 1967...ALMOST 27 INCHES OF SNOW WHITENED IRONWOOD...
INCLUDING 15 INCHES ON 10/25/67. HEAVY SNOW CAN FALL EVEN EARLIER IN
THE MONTH. ON 10/6 TO 10/8 IN 2000...UP TO A FOOT OF SNOW SMOTHERED
THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF NORTH CENTRAL UPPER MICHIGAN. BUT DURING WARM
OCTOBERS...LITTLE OR NO SNOW CAN FALL AS WELL. THE MARQUETTE NWS SAW
NO SNOW AT ALL IN OCTOBER 1971...AS DID THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT
IN 1986.

THE SAME SURFACE HEATING AND DESTABILIZATION OF COLD AIRMASSES THAT
CAUSES LAKE EFFECT SNOW ALSO RESULTS IN INCREASED WINDINESS OVER
LAKE SUPERIOR. THE GALES OF NOVEMBER OFTEN DO COME EARLY DURING
OCTOBER.

                 OUTLOOK FOR LATE FALL INTO WINTER

THE CPC IS FORECASTING AN EQUAL CHANCE OF AN ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL
3-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE AND 3-MONTH PRECIPITATION OVER ALL OF
UPPER MICHIGAN IN NOVEMBER 2016 THROUGH JANUARY 2017.

GO TO HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/CLIMATE/L3MTO.PHP TO ACCESS DETAILED
LOCAL THREE-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OUTLOOKS FOR A NUMBER OF SITES
IN UPPER MICHIGAN.

CHECK OUT HTTP://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT
THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER AND MORE LONG RANGE PREDICTIONS.

NOTE THAT STATISTICS FOR THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE IN
NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP ARE BASED ON RECORDS WHICH BEGAN IN OCTOBER 1961.
THIRTY YEAR NORMALS USED ARE FOR THE PERIOD OF 1981 THROUGH 2010.
NOTE ALL TEMPERATURES ARE IN FAHRENHEIT AND PRECIPITATION IS IN
INCHES. ALL CLIMATE DATA LISTED IN THIS PRODUCT ARE UNOFFICIAL. FOR
OFFICIAL DATA...PLEASE REFER TO THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER.
ALSO NOTE THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE DATA FROM CHIPPEWA AND
MACKINAC COUNTIES.

THE NWS MARQUETTE WEB PAGE IS AT HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/MQT (ALL
LOWER CASE). CONTACT THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER AT (828) 271-
4800 OR WWW.NCDC.NOAA.GOV.

$$

KC


USA.gov is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.