Climatological Report (Monthly)
Issued by NWS Marquette, MI

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000
CXUS53 KMQT 201600 AAD
CLMMQT

CLIMATE REPORT...FINAL
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MARQUETTE MI
1100 AM EST FRI FEB 20 2015

...................................

...THE MARQUETTE MI CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF JANUARY 2015...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1961 TO 2015

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH              53   01/26/1973
 LOW              -32   01/09/1977
HIGHEST            34   01/23        20      14       30  01/13
                                                          01/12
LOWEST            -16   01/05         3     -19      -19  01/03
AVG. MAXIMUM     18.9              21.9    -3.0     13.3
AVG. MINIMUM      3.0               5.2    -2.2     -1.8
MEAN             11.0              13.6    -2.6      5.8
DAYS MAX >= 90      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MAX <= 32     29              26.3     2.7       31
DAYS MIN <= 32     31              31.0     0.0       31
DAYS MIN <= 0      14              10.5     3.5       19

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM         6.61   1997
 MINIMUM         0.61   1965
TOTALS           1.25              2.41   -1.16     2.18
DAILY AVG.       0.04              0.08   -0.04     0.07
DAYS >= .01        19              17.3     1.7       21
DAYS >= .10         4               7.1    -3.1        9
DAYS >= .50         0               0.9    -0.9        0
DAYS >= 1.00        0               0.2    -0.2        0
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    0.24   01/03 TO 01/04
                        01/08 TO 01/09

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL           91.7   1997
                        0
                        0
TOTALS           30.1              43.2   -13.1     39.2
SINCE 7/1       113.3             116.5    -3.2    108.6
SNOWDEPTH AVG.     23                19       4       22
DAYS >= 1.0        13              11.6     1.4       15
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH        26   01/31                         29  01/31
                        01/20                             01/25
 24 HR TOTAL      3.9   01/04 TO 01/04
                        01/31 TO 01/31

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL    1669              1595      74     1827
 SINCE 7/1       5564              5237     327     5667
COOLING TOTAL       0                 0       0        0
 SINCE 1/1          0                 0       0        0
.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              MM
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    MM        DATE   MM
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    38/225    DATE  01/23

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)   MM
AVERAGE SKY COVER             MM
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR          MM
NUMBER OF DAYS PC            MM
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY        MM

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     MM

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM              0     MIXED PRECIP               0
HEAVY RAIN                0     RAIN                       0
LIGHT RAIN                2     FREEZING RAIN              0
LT FREEZING RAIN          8     HAIL                       0
HEAVY SNOW                1     SNOW                       2
LIGHT SNOW               31     SLEET                      1
FOG                       2     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE      0
HAZE                      0

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

...JANUARY 2015 MONTHLY CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR UPPER MICHIGAN...
/THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE CHIPPEWA AND MACKINAC COUNTIES/

...COLD ESPECIALLY EAST HALF MAINLY BECAUSE OF FIRST HALF CHILL...

...PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL GENERALLY WELL BELOW NORMAL...

JANUARY CLIMATE STATISTICS FOR THE MARQUETTE NWS IN NEGAUNEE
 TOWNSHIP

                                    NORMAL   DEPARTURE
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE         11.0     13.6  MINUS    2.6
AVERAGE HIGH TEMPERATURE    18.9     21.9  MINUS    3.0
AVERAGE LOW TEMPERATURE      3.0      5.2  MINUS    2.2
HEATING DEGREE DAYS         1669     1595   PLUS     74
COOLING DEGREE DAYS            0        0             0
TOTAL PRECIPITATION         1.25     2.41  MINUS   1.16
TOTAL SNOWFALL              30.1     43.2  MINUS   13.1

HIGHEST TEMPERATURE:                    34 ON 1/23
LOWEST TEMPERATURE:                    -16 ON 1/5
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY PRECIPITATION:  0.23 ON 1/4
GREATEST 24 HOUR PRECIPITATION:       0.24 ON 1/3-1/4 AND 1/8-1/9
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY SNOWFALL:        3.9 ON 1/4 AND 1/31
GREATEST 24 HOUR SNOWFALL:             3.9 ON 1/4 AND 1/31
PEAK WIND SPEED: 38 MPH FROM THE SOUTHWEST ON 1/23

DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 1/5...ZERO /OLD RECORD
                                                    3..1968&1988/
---------------------------------------------------------------------
GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS (FEET/METERS ABOVE MEAN SEA LEVEL)

                            LAKE SUPERIOR  LAKE MICHIGAN-HURON
01/01/15 DAILY MEAN         602.35/183.60     579.22/176.55
01/31/15 DAILY MEAN         602.05/183.51     579.09/176.51
AVG DEC 2014 DAILY MEAN     602.36/183.60     579.16/176.53
AVG JAN 2014 DAILY MEAN     601.36/183.29     577.27/175.95
LONG TERM JAN DAILY MEAN    601.44/183.32     578.38/176.29
MAXIMUM JAN DAILY MEAN      602.69/183.70     581.30/177.18
                                (1986)           (1987)
MINIMUM JAN DAILY MEAN      599.84/182.83     576.02/175.57
                                (1926)           (2013)

...GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS WELL ABOVE NORMAL IN JANUARY...

ALTHOUGH GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS FELL SLOWLY IN JANUARY 2015 AS IS
NORMAL...THESE LEVELS REMAINED WELL ABOVE THE LONG-TERM AVERAGE. AT
THE END OF JANUARY...THE LEVEL OF LAKES MICHIGAN AND HURON WAS 8 TO
9 INCHES HIGHER THAN NORMAL AND ALMOST 22 INCHES HIGHER THAN ON 1/31
IN 2014. AS FOR LAKE SUPERIOR...THE 1/31 LEVEL OF THAT BODY OF WATER
WAS OVER 7 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL AND MORE THAN 8 INCHES HIGHER THAN
OBSERVED ON 1/31 IN 2014.

DUE TO THE INTENSE CHILL THAT PREVAILED DURING THE FIRST HALF OF
JANUARY...THERE WAS CONSIDERABLE ICE DEVELOPMENT IN THE NEARSHORE
WATERS OF THE GREAT LAKES IN JANUARY. THE NORTHERN BAY OF GREEN BAY
BECAME ALMOST COMPLETELY ICE COVERED.

DUE TO WARM WEATHER THAT PREVAILED MUCH OF THE MONTH...THERE WAS
LITTLE ICE BUILDUP AWAY FROM SOME OF THE SHELTERED BAYS ON THE
WESTERN GREAT LAKES IN JANUARY.

OBTAIN GREAT LAKES WATER LEVEL DATA AS REPORTED BY THE U.S. ARMY
CORPS OF ENGINEERS AT

HTTP://WWW.LRE.USACE.ARMY.MIL/MISSIONS/GREATLAKESINFORMATION/
       GREATLAKESWATERLEVELS/CURRENTCONDITIONS.ASPX (ALL LOWER CASE).
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                       JANUARY CLIMATE HIGHLIGHTS

HIGHEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...41 AT BIG BAY IN MARQUETTE COUNTY
                                ON 1/23 AND NORWAY IN DICKINSON
                                COUNTY ON 1/24

LOWEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...-31 AT STAMBAUGH IN IRON COUNTY ON 1/13

HIGHEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...17.3 DEGREES NEAR ESCANABA

LOWEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...8.3 DEGREES AT STAMBAUGH

HIGHEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...3.48 INCHES NEAR GRAND MARAIS
                                 IN ALGER COUNTY

LOWEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...0.45 INCH AT MENOMINEE

HIGHEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...60.6 INCHES NEAR GRAND MARAIS

LOWEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...7.1 INCHES AT MENOMINEE

GREATEST SNOW DEPTH...40 INCHES AT HERMAN BARAGA COUNTY ON 1/4
                       AND 1/10

LOWEST SNOW DEPTH...ZERO AT MENOMINEE ON 1/2 AND 1/26

THE WEATHER PATTERN THE FIRST HALF OF JANUARY 2015 WAS DOMINATED BY
A DEEP TROUGH OVER CENTRAL AND EASTERN NORTH AMERICA DOWNSTREAM OF A
STRONG RIDGE ALONG THE WEST COAST. THE NORTHWEST FLOW BETWEEN THESE
TWO FEATURES DELIVERED A STEADY STREAM OF ARCTIC AIR INTO THE GREAT
LAKES...SO THE MEAN TEMPERATURE THE FIRST TWO WEEKS OF JANUARY
AVERAGED 10 TO 15 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. BUT THE UPPER FLOW AFTER
1/14 BECAME LESS AMPLIFIED...LIMITING THE INFLUX OF ARCTIC AIR AND
ALLOWING SOME MORE MODERATE MARITIME POLAR PACIFIC AIRMASSES TO
INFLUENCE UPPER MICHIGAN`S WEATHER AT TIMES. ALTHOUGH THE AVERAGE
TEMPERATURE FROM 1/15 THROUGH 1/31 RAN CLOSE TO 10 DEGREES ABOVE
NORMAL...THE CHILL THE FIRST TWO WEEKS WAS SO MUCH MORE ANOMALOUS
THAT JANUARY 2015 ENDED UP COLDER THAN NORMAL OVER THE ENTIRE U.P.
MEAN MONTHLY TEMPERATURES RANGING FROM NEAR 8 DEGREES AT THE COLD
SPOTS OVER THE INTERIOR WEST HALF AND AROUND 17 AT THE WARM SPOTS
NEAR THE GREAT LAKES WERE 8 TO 12 DEGREES LOWER THAN THE DECEMBER
AVERAGES AND RANGED FROM ABOUT 0.5 DEGREE BELOW THE JANUARY NORMAL
OVER THE FAR WEST AT IRONWOOD TO AS MUCH AS 3 TO 5 DEGREES BELOW
AVERAGE OVER THE EAST FROM MUNISING TO NEWBERRY AND MANISTIQUE. THE
REASON THE EAST WAS COLDER RELATIVE TO NORMAL THAN THE WEST IS
BECAUSE THAT AREA WAS CLOSER TO THE CORE OF THE COLDEST AIR THAT
LINGERED OVER EASTERN CANADA EVEN AFTER THE UPPER PATTERN HAD
TRANSITIONED TO A MORE MODERATE ONE THE SECOND HALF OF THE MONTH.

WITH A PERSISTENT WEST TO NORTHWEST FLOW ALOFT...NO MOISTURE-LADEN
LOW PRESSURE SYSTEMS FROM THE PLAINS IMPACTED UPPER MICHIGAN IN
JANUARY. EVEN THOUGH SOME ALBERTA CLIPPER LOW PRESSURE SYSTEMS
EMBEDDED IN THIS FLOW PASSED THROUGH THE UPPER GREAT LAKES AND
DROPPED SOME SNOW...THESE DISTURBANCES WERE MOISTURE DEPRIVED...SO
ACCOMPANYING PRECIPITATION TENDED TO BE ON THE LIGHT SIDE. THE
RESULT WAS BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL ALMOST
EVERYWHERE. AS IS TYPICAL IN MID-WINTER...THE LEAST PRECIPITATION
FELL OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL WHILE THE MOST OCCURRED IN THE NORTHWEST
WIND-FAVORED SNOW BELTS NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR. MENOMINEE REPORTED ONLY
0.45 INCH OF WATER EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION...AND THE 0.63 INCH THAT
FELL AT IRON MOUNTAIN WAS ABOUT ONLY 50 PERCENT OF THE TYPICAL
JANUARY TOTAL. BECAUSE LAKE EFFECT SNOWS WERE COMMON MAINLY IN THE
NORTHWEST WIND SNOWBELTS DOWNWIND OF LAKE SUPERIOR...ESPECIALLY
DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THE MONTH WHEN ARCTIC AIRMASSES WERE
FREQUENT VISITORS...PRECIPITATION TOTALS IN THE SNOW BELTS EAST OF
MARQUETTE WERE 2 INCHES OR MORE...INCLUDING THE MONTHLY MAXIMUM OF
3.48 INCHES AT GRAND MARAIS IN ALGER COUNTY. MUNISING LOGGED 2.86
INCHES...A LITTLE MORE THAN 87 PERCENT OF NORMAL. EVEN IN THE
FAVORED NORTHWEST WIND SNOWBELTS...JANUARY SNOW TOTALS UP TO ABOUT
60 INCHES AT PAINESDALE IN HOUGHTON COUNTY AND AT GRAND MARAIS WERE
NO MORE THAN ABOUT NORMAL DUE TO THE ABSENCE OF MOIST...LARGER-SCALE
LOW PRESSURE SYSTEMS. THE 42.1 INCHES THAT FELL AT MUNISING IS JUST
ABOUT AVERAGE...BUT HOUGHTON`S MONTHLY TOTAL OF 51.6 INCHES IS ONLY
ABOUT 75 PERCENT OF NORMAL. LOCATIONS OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL SAW
LESS THAN 10 INCHES OF SNOW IN JANUARY...NO MORE THAN ABOUT 2/3 OF
THE MONTHLY MEAN.

SUB-ZERO MINIMUM TEMPERATURES WERE COMMON DURING THE FIRST TWO WEEKS
OF JANUARY. DURING THE PEAK OF THE COLD FROM 1/5 THROUGH 1/9...THE
MERCURY FAILED TO RECOVER TO THE ZERO MARK AT A NUMBER OF THE COLDER
LOCATIONS ON THE COLDEST AFTERNOONS ON 1/5...1/7 AND 1/9. READINGS
AT A NUMBER OF INTERIOR LOCATIONS FELL INTO THE TEENS BELOW ZERO ON
1/2...1/5 THROUGH 1/7...1/10 THROUGH 1/13 AND ON 1/26. MINIMUMS OF
-20 OR LOWER OCCURRED ON 1/5...1/6...1/10...1/12 AND 1/13...
INCLUDING THE MONTHLY LOW OF -31 AT STAMBAUGH IN IRON COUNTY ON
1/13. THE WARMEST PERIOD IN JANUARY WAS FROM 1/22 THROUGH 1/24. HIGH
TEMPERATURES IN THE 30S WERE COMMON ON THESE 3 DAYS...AND A FEW
PLACES EVEN REPORTED A HIGH OF 40 OR BETTER...INCLUDING THE JANUARY
MAXIMUM OF 41 AT BIG BAY IN MARQUETTE COUNTY ON 1/23 AND AT NORWAY
IN DICKINSON COUNTY ON 1/24. THE THERMOMETER EVEN READ NO LOWER THAN
ABOUT 32 AT A FEW OF THE WARMER LOCATIONS ON THE MORNINGS OF 1/23
AND 1/24.
---------------------------------------------------------------------
SOME OTHER TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION OBSERVATIONS ACROSS UPPER
MICHIGAN IN JANUARY 2015 INCLUDE:

IRONWOOD...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 11.1 (0.5 DEGREE BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 0.87 INCH (1.06 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL 21.6 INCHES (22.6 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

WATERSMEET (GOGEBIC COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 0.72 INCHES
                              SNOWFALL 16.3 INCHES

ONTONAGON...SNOWFALL 23.1 INCHES


GREENLAND (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 17.6 DEGREES
                               PRECIPITATION 1.80 INCHES
                               SNOWFALL 37.9 INCHES

BERGLAND DAM (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 11.1 DEGREES
                                  SNOWFALL 23.5 INCHES

HOUGHTON COUNTY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 13.9 (1.6 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
 AIRPORT          PRECIPITATION 1.49 INCHES (1.09 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)
                  SNOWFALL 51.6 INCHES (17.2 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

ATLANTIC MINE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.76 INCHES
                                  SNOWFALL 60.5 INCHES

PAINESDALE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...SNOWFALL 51.5 INCHES

COPPER HARBOR...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 17.1 DEGREES

JACOBSVILLE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 13.3 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 1.28 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 20.3 INCHES

BARAGA...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 15.0 DEGREES
         PRECIPITATION 1.00 INCH
         SNOWFALL 17.3 INCHES

WATTON (BARAGA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 11.2 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 0.93 INCH
                         SNOWFALL 15.2 INCHES

HERMAN (BARAGA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 9.0 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 0.91 INCH
                         SNOWFALL 29.0 INCHES

CLARKSBURG (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 9.2 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 0.93 INCH
                                SNOWFALL 18.0 INCHES

BIG BAY (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 14.5 DEGREES
                             PRECIPITATION 1.28 INCHES
                             SNOWFALL 19.9 INCHES

MARQUETTE CITY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 16.0 (2.8 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
                 PRECIPITATION 0.97 INCH (0.86 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
                 SNOWFALL 15.3 INCHES (16.2 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

HARVEY (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 16.6 DEGREES
                            PRECIPITATION 0.75 INCH
                            SNOWFALL 19.9 INCHES

CHATHAM (ALGER COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 12.6 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 1.56 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 28.8 INCHES

MUNISING...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 12.8 (5.1 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 2.86 INCHES (0.41 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL 42.1 INCHES (1.2 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

GRAND MARAIS...PRECIPITATION 3.48 INCHES
(10 MILES SOUTH) SNOWFALL 60.6 INCHES

NEWBERRY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 12.8 (3.9 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 2.05 INCHES (0.70 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL 40.6 INCHES (4.8 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

STAMBAUGH (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 8.3 DEGREES
                          PRECIPITATION 0.55 INCH
                          SNOWFALL 9.5 INCHES

AMASA (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 9.8 DEGREES
                      PRECIPITATION 1.06 INCHES
                      SNOWFALL 12.4 INCHES

IRON MOUNTAIN...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 12.1 (1.6 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
                PRECIPITATION 0.63 INCH (0.60 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
                SNOWFALL 8.6 INCHES (5.1 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

NORWAY (DICKINSON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 13.4 DEGREES
                            PRECIPITATION 0.66 INCH
                            SNOWFALL 10.4 INCHES

DAGGETT (MENOMINEE COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 0.51 INCH

MENOMINEE...PRECIPITATION 0.45 INCH
            SNOWFALL 7.1 INCHES

ESCANABA...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 17.3 DEGREES
           SNOWFALL 10.5 INCHES

GLADSTONE (DELTA COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 0.82 INCH
                           SNOWFALL 9.3 INCHES

GARDEN CORNERS (DELTA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 13.6 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 1.29 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 21.3 INCHES

COOKS (SCHOOLCRAFT COUNTY)...SNOWFALL 22.6 INCHES

MANISTIQUE...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 14.0 (3.6 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
             PRECIPITATION 1.02 INCHES (0.55 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
             SNOWFALL 15.8 INCHES (5.2 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

                        JANUARY WEATHER SUMMARY

A DISTURBANCE DROPPING THROUGH THE DEEP UPPER TROUGH OVER EASTERN
CANADA DROVE A COLD FRONT ACROSS UPPER MICHIGAN ON NEW YEARS DAY...
RESULTING IN SNOW SHOWERS OVER MAINLY THE NORTHERN TIER EAST OF
MARQUETTE. AS COLDER AIR FOLLOWED THIS FRONTAL PASSAGE...LAKE EFFECT
SNOW SHOWERS IMPACTED MAINLY THE NORTHWEST WIND SNOW BELTS INTO
1/2...WHEN THE PASSAGE OF A WEAK HIGH PRESSURE RIDGE ENDED THIS
PRECIPITATION. AS MUCH AS 6 INCHES OF SNOW FELL NEAR GRAND MARAIS IN
ALGER COUNTY ON 1/1 INTO 1/2...BUT LESS THAN AN INCH WAS THE RULE
OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL. A NEAR NORMAL DAILY TEMPERATURE ON 1/1 FELL
TO AROUND 10 DEGREES BELOW AVERAGE ON 1/2 AS THE COLDER AIR SURGED
INTO THE AREA.

THE UPPER TROUGH IN EASTERN CANADA RETREATED A BIT ON 1/3...ALLOWING
THE MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURE ON THAT DAY TO MODERATE TO AROUND 5
DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL. BUT THE WEAKENING RIDGE ALSO ALLOWED A LOW
PRESSURE SYSTEM DEVELOPING IN THE MID MISSISSIPPI RIVER VALLEY TO
MOVE NORTHEAST INTO THE LOWER LAKES ON 1/3 INTO 1/4. SOME LIGHT SNOW
ON THE NORTHWEST FLANK OF THIS LOW FELL OVER MAINLY THE SOUTH
CENTRAL AND EAST ACCUMULATED 1 TO 2 INCHES BEFORE THE PRECIPITATION
DIMINISHED TO FLURRIES AND FREEZING DRIZZLE IN THE AFTERNOON ON 1/3.
AS THE LOW MOVED TO NEAR DETROIT EARLY ON 1/4...A COLD FRONT
ACCOMPANIED BY A PERIOD OF SNOW SURGED THROUGH UPPER MICHIGAN. SNOW
FALL ASSOCIATED WITH THIS FRONTAL PASSAGE RANGED FROM 1 TO 2 INCHES
OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL TO AS MUCH AS 3 TO 6 INCHES OVER THE NORTHERN
TIER COUNTIES NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR. NORTH TO NORTHWEST WIND GUSTS UP
TO 30 TO 40 MPH BEHIND THE COLD FRONT DROVE ARCTIC AIR INTO THE
UPPER LAKES...RESULTING IN FALLING TEMPERATURES IN THE AFTERNOON ON
1/4 TO ZERO OR BELOW BY SUNSET. THE MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURE FOR 1/4
ENDED UP AS MUCH AS 5 TO 10 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL.

BITTERLY COLD ARCTIC AIR WAS THEN THE PREVAILING INFLUENCE ON UPPER
MICHIGAN WEATHER FROM 1/5 THROUGH 1/13...WITH MEAN DAILY
TEMPERATURES RUNNING 10 TO 20 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL IN A WEATHER
PATTERN THAT FEATURED A STRONG RIDGE OVER WESTERN NORTH AMERICA AND
A DEEP TROUGH ACROSS THE EAST. THE DAYS ON 1/5...1/7 AND 1/9 WERE
THE COLDEST OVERALL FOLLOWING THE PASSAGE OF ARCTIC COLD FRONTS. THE
MERCURY STRUGGLED TO REACH ZERO AT MANY LOCATIONS ON THOSE
AFTERNOONS AWAY FROM LAKE SUPERIOR MODERATION... AND MEAN DAILY
TEMPERATURES ON THOSE THREE DAYS WERE UP TO 25 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL
AT SOME SPOTS. GUSTY WINDS DROPPED WIND CHILLS TO AS LOW AS 30 TO 40
BELOW ZERO DURING THESE BITTERLY COLD ARCTIC AIR OUTBREAKS. THE
MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE AT WAKEFIELD IN GOGEBIC COUNTY ON 1/7 WAS A
FRIGID -6 DEGREES.  READINGS AT A NUMBER OF INTERIOR LOCATIONS FELL
INTO THE TEENS BELOW ZERO ON 1/5 THROUGH 1/7 AND ON 1/10 THROUGH
1/13. MINIMUMS OF -20 OR LOWER OCCURRED ON 1/5...1/6... 1/10...1/12
AND 1/13...INCLUDING THE MONTHLY LOW OF -31 AT STAMBAUGH IN IRON
COUNTY ON 1/13.

EXCEPT FOR LAKE EFFECT SNOW...THE ONLY SIGNIFICANT PRECIPITATION
DURING THIS COLD STRETCH OCCURRED ON 1/8 WHEN AN ALBERTA CLIPPER-
TYPE LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM TRACKED ACROSS WISCONSIN AND BROUGHT A
WIDESPREAD 1 TO 4 INCH SNOWFALL TO THE U.P. WITH THE ARCTIC AIR
DOMINATING...LAKE EFFECT SNOWS WERE COMMON AND NEARLY CONTINUOUS AT
SOME LOCATIONS IN THE WEST TO NORTHWEST SNOW BELTS DOWNSTREAM OF
LAKE SUPERIOR. MANY LOCATIONS OVER THE KEWEENAW PENINSULA AND NEAR
LAKE SUPERIOR EAST OF MUNISING MEASURED OVER 30 INCHES OF SNOW FROM
1/5 INTO 1/13...WHEN THE ARRIVAL OF AN ARCTIC HIGH PRESSURE RIDGE
ENDED THE LAKE EFFECT SNOWS. AS MUCH AS 36.7 INCHES OF SNOW FELL
NEAR GRAND MARAIS DURING THIS WINTRY PERIOD. THE COMBINATION OF THE
FALLING LAKE EFFECT SNOW AND BLOWING SNOW WHIPPED UP BY WIND GUSTS
AS HIGH AS 35 TO 45 MPH DURING THE HARSHEST COLD AIR OUTBREAKS ON
1/5...1/7 AND 1/9 ALSO RESULTED IN NEAR BLIZZARD CONDITIONS IN SOME
OPEN AREAS NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR.

THE UPPER TROUGH WEAKENED FOR A TIME AFTER 1/13...ALLOWING A RETURN
OF NEAR NORMAL TEMPERATURES ON 1/14 AS THE SOUTHWEST FLOW AROUND HIGH
PRESSURE SINKING INTO THE LOWER LAKES ADVECTED MILDER AIR BACK OVER
UPPER MICHIGAN. ON 1/15...THE THERMOMETER ROSE INTO THE 30S AT SOME
PLACES...LIFTING THE MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURE TO AROUND 10 DEGREES
ABOVE NORMAL...BEFORE A COLD FRONTAL PASSAGE LATER IN THE DAY
FOLLOWED BY NORTHWEST WIND GUSTS UP TO 40 TO 45 MPH ASSOCIATED WITH
A DISTURBANCE CROSSING ONTARIO DELIVERED A SHOT OF NEAR NORMAL CHILL
FOR 1/16. THE DRYNESS OF THE INCOMING CANADIAN AIRMASS LIMITED LAKE
EFFECT SNOWS IN ITS WAKE TO NO MORE THAN A FEW INCHES BEFORE THE
ARRIVAL OF A HIGH PRESSURE RIDGE ENDED THE SNOW SHOWERS IN THE
AFTERNOON ON 1/16. ONCE THIS HIGH SHIFTED TO THE EAST...MILDER
MARITIME POLAR PACIFIC AIR PREVAILED ON 1/17 INTO 1/18...DAYS WHEN
THE MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURE REBOUNDED TO AROUND 10 DEGREES ABOVE
NORMAL. THIS AIRMASS WAS RATHER MOIST AND ALLOWED FOR SOME PATCHY
FREEZING DRIZZLE AND LIGHT SNOW THAT ACCOMPANIED THE PASSAGE OF A
PAIR OF UPPER DISTURBANCES DURING THIS TIME.

ANOTHER COLD FRONT PASSED IN THE AFTERNOON ON 1/18 AND INTRODUCED
SEASONABLY CHILLY AIR TO UPPER MICHIGAN ON 1/19 THROUGH 1/21. THERE
WERE SOME LAKE EFFECT SNOW SHOWERS MAINLY OVER THE NORTHWEST AND
NORTH CENTRAL COUNTIES FROM THE AFTERNOON ON 1/18 INTO 1/22...WHEN
THE ARRIVAL OF A HIGH PRESSURE RIDGE DIMINISHED THIS PRECIPITATION.
TOTAL LAKE EFFECT SNOW ACCUMULATIONS DURING THIS TIME WERE GENERALLY
NO MORE THAN 1 TO 3 INCHES.

ONCE THE HIGH PRESSURE SHIFTED TO THE EAST LATE ON 1/22...A GUSTY
SOUTHWEST WIND DEVELOPED AND PEAKED AS HIGH AS 40 MPH ON 1/23. THIS
FLOW DREW RELATIVELY WARM AIR INTO THE UPPER LAKES...ALLOWING MEAN
DAILY TEMPERATURES ON 1/22 THROUGH 1/24 TO RUN 10 TO 15 DEGREES
ABOVE NORMAL. HIGH TEMPERATURES IN THE 30S WERE COMMON ON THESE 3
DAYS...AND A FEW PLACES EVEN REPORTED A HIGH OF 40 OR BETTER...
INCLUDING THE JANUARY MAXIMUM OF 41 AT BIG BAY IN MARQUETTE COUNTY
ON 1/23 AND AT NORWAY IN DICKINSON COUNTY ON 1/24. THE MERCURY EVEN
FELL NO LOWER THAN ABOUT 32 AT A FEW OF THE WARMER LOCATIONS ON THE
MORNINGS OF 1/23 AND 1/24. THE PASSAGE OF LOW PRESSURE THROUGH
NORTHWEST ONTARIO CAUSED A WINTRY MIX OF SNOW...SLEET...FREEZING
RAIN AND RAIN ON 1/23. THE HEAVIEST PRECIPITATION FELL OVER THE EAST
HALF...WHERE MOST OF THIS FELL IN THE FORM OF SNOW. MANY LOCATIONS
EAST OF A LINE FROM MARQUETTE TO ESCANABA PICKED UP 2 TO AS MUCH AS
4 TO 5 INCHES OF WET SNOW AT NEWBERRY BEFORE THE PRECIPITATION
DIMINISHED TO FLURRIES...FREEZING DRIZZLE OR DRIZZLE. OVER THE WEST
HALF...ANY RAIN...SNOW AND ICE WAS MINOR. IN FACT...LITTLE IF ANY
PRECIPITATION FELL AT IRONWOOD.

FOLLOWING THE PASSAGE OF A COLD FRONT ON 1/24...A VERY COLD AIRMASS
MOVED INTO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES...CAUSING SOME LIGHT LAKE EFFECT
SNOW SHOWERS THAT DROPPED NO MORE THAN A FEW INCHES OVER MAINLY THE
NORTH CENTRAL INTO 1/25. THE ARRIVAL OF A HIGH PRESSURE SYSTEM ON
1/25 ENDED THE SNOW SHOWERS. UNDER MOSTLY CLEAR SKIES ASSOCIATED
WITH THIS HIGH...TEMPERATURES DIPPED TO ALMOST 20 BELOW ZERO NEAR
NEWBERRY AT SUNRISE ON 1/26. SOME LIGHT SNOW OVERSPREAD UPPER
MICHIGAN ON 1/26 IN ADVANCE OF A CLIPPER-TYPE LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM
DROPPING SOUTHEAST FROM MINNESOTA THROUGH WISCONSIN. BY THE TIME
THIS PRECIPITATION DIMINISHED BY LATE IN THE EVENING ON 1/26...MOST
PLACES WEST OF A LINE FROM MUNISING TO MANISTIQUE MEASURED 1 TO 2
INCHES OF SNOW. THERE WAS NO SNOW AT ALL AT NEWBERRY CLOSER TO THE
DEPARTING HIGH IN QUEBEC. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES ON 1/25 AND 1/26
AVERAGED 5 TO 10 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL.

NEAR NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND GENERALLY DRY WEATHER ACCOMPANIED THE
PASSAGE OF A HIGH PRESSURE SYSTEM ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES ON 1/27.
ONCE THE HIGH SHIFTED INTO THE LOWER LAKES ON 1/28...A GUSTY SOUTH
WIND UP TO 35 MPH DREW MORE CLOUDS AND MUCH WARMER AIR INTO THE
UPPER LAKES...LIFTING THE MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURE TO ABOUT 10 DEGREES
ABOVE AVERAGE. THE COMBINATION OF INCREASING MOISTURE AND AN
APPROACHING DISTURBANCE AND COLD FRONT RESULTED IN SOME LIGHT SNOW
AND FREEZING DRIZZLE DURING THE NIGHT ON 1/28-1/29.

THE FRONTAL PASSAGE ON 1/29 WAS ACCOMPANIED BY SOME SNOW SHOWERS.
BEHIND THIS FRONT AND IN ADVANCE OF HIGH PRESSURE BUILDING SOUTHEAST
FROM CENTRAL CANADA...NORTHWEST WINDS GUSTING TO 40 TO 45 MPH PUSHED
COLDER AIR BACK INTO THE UPPER LAKES...RESULTING IN LAKE EFFECT SNOW
SHOWERS AND A GOOD DEAL OF BLOWING SNOW IN THE NORTHWEST WIND
FAVORED SNOW BELTS INTO THE MORNING ON 1/30. SINCE THE WINDS WERE SO
STRONG...THE SNOW SHOWERS PENETRATED FARTHER INLAND THAN USUAL...
REACHING WELL INTO DELTA AND SCHOOLCRAFT COUNTIES. BY THE TIME THE
LAKE EFFECT ENDED IN THE AFTERNOON ON 1/30 WITH THE ARRIVAL OF THE
CANADIAN HIGH...AS MUCH AS 3 TO 5 INCHES HAD FALLEN OVER MUCH OF
WESTERN ALGER COUNTY AND IN DELTA COUNTY TO THE EAST OF RAPID RIVER.
GARDEN CORNERS IN DELTA COUNTY REPORTED 5.4 INCHES OF SNOW. TOTAL
SNOWFALL ELSEWHERE ON 1/29 INTO 1/30 RANGED FROM LESS THAN AN INCH
ALONG THE WISCONSIN BORDER TO UP TO 3 INCHES OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN
OF THE KEWEENAW AND NORTH CENTRAL. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES AVERAGING
AROUND 5 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL ON 1/29 DROPPED TO ABOUT 5 DEGREES
BELOW NORMAL ON 1/30.

DRY WEATHER ASSOCIATED WITH THE PASSING CANADIAN HIGH ON 1/30 WAS
BRIEF AS ANOTHER ALBERTA CLIPPER FOLLOWED ACROSS THE UPPER GREAT
LAKES ON 1/31. SOME LIGHT SNOW IN ADVANCE OF THIS DISTURBANCE
ARRIVED DURING THE NIGHT ON 1/30-1/31. AFTER THE LOW PRESSURE PASSED
BY ON 1/31 AND WIND SHIFTED TO THE NORTH...THE PRECIPITATION
TRANSITIONED TO LAKE EFFECT SNOW SHOWERS AS COLDER AIR RETURNED AND
DROPPED THE MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURE TO NEAR AVERAGE ON THE LAST DAY
OF THE MONTH. SNOWFALL DURING THIS EVENT RANGED FROM LESS THAN AN
INCH OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL TO UP TO 4 INCHES AT NEGAUNEE IN
MARQUETTE COUNTY.

                           MARCH FORECAST

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING A GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF A BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY AVERAGE TEMPERATURE
BUT AN EQUAL CHANCE OF ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY PRECIPITATION
OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN MARCH 2015.

                          MARCH CLIMATOLOGY

AS THE SUN CONTINUES ITS MARCH NORTHWARD DURING THE THIRD MONTH OF
THE YEAR...DAYLIGHT AND AVERAGE TEMPERATURES INCREASE STEADILY. THE
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE INCREASES FROM 666 MINUTES ON 3/1 TO 765 MINUTES
ON 3/31. ON 3/1...NORMAL MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM TEMPERATURES AT THE
MARQUETTE NWS ARE 30 AND 8...BUT REBOUND TO 40 AND 20 ON 3/31.
MONTHLY AVERAGE TEMPERATURES THROUGHOUT UPPER MICHIGAN ARE 8 TO 11
DEGREES HIGHER IN MARCH THAN FEBRUARY. REMEMBER TO TURN YOUR CLOCKS
AHEAD ONE HOUR AT 2 AM EST ON SUNDAY 3/8 AS MOST OF THE UNITED
STATES TRANSITIONS FROM STANDARD TIME TO DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME.
SPRING ARRIVES IN THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE THIS YEAR ON 3/20 AT 6:45
PM EDT.

SPRING OFTEN TEASES UPPER MICHIGAN RESIDENTS DURING MARCH WITH
RECORD HIGH TEMPERATURES REACHING WELL INTO THE 60S AND 70S COMMON
BY MONTH`S END. BUT IN MARCH 2012...UNPRECEDENTED WARMTH ARRIVED AT
MID-MONTH AS A SPRAWLING RIDGE OF HIGH PRESSURE DOMINATED THE GREAT
LAKES FOR ALMOST 3 WEEKS. MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURES ENDED UP 10 TO
16 DEGREES ABOVE THE LONG TERM AVERAGE...ENOUGH TO PLACE MARCH 2012
AS THE WARMEST THIRD MONTH ON RECORD ALMOST EVERYWHERE EXCEPT FOR
MANISTIQUE. DURING THE WARMEST STRETCH FROM 3/17 TO 3/21...MEAN
DAILY TEMPERATURES AVERAGED AN INCREDIBLE 35 TO 40 DEGREES ABOVE
NORMAL. MANY LOCATIONS REPORTED THE HIGHEST MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM
TEMPERATURE EVER OBSERVED IN MARCH DURING THIS WARM SPELL...
INCLUDING SOME DAYTIME HIGHS IN THE LOW 80S AND OVERNIGHT LOWS IN
THE 50S AND LOW 60S. HARVEY IN MARQUETTE COUNTY LOGGED THE HIGHEST
TEMPERATURE...AN INCREDIBLE 85 ON 3/21. SOME OF THESE DAYS WOULD
HAVE BEEN WARM BY MID-SUMMER STANDARDS. IN RECENT MEMORY...MARCH
2010...2000 AND 1995 WERE ALSO QUITE WARM AND AMONG THE TOP FIVE
WARMEST AT MANY SPOTS. THE EARLY ONSET OF 70- TO 75-DEGREE PLUS
TEMPERATURES BY 3/7 IN MARCH 2000 WAS ALMOST UNPRECEDENTED.

RECORD LOW SNOWFALL AT ALL LOCATIONS DURING MARCH IS AN INCH OR
LESS. MANY LOCATIONS SET THIS MONTHLY RECORD FOR LOW SNOWFALL IN THE
WARM AND DRY MARCH OF 2010. A STRONG EL NINO ALSO RESULTED IN VERY
LOW SNOW TOTALS IN MARCH 1973...WHEN EVEN NORMALLY SNOWY MUNISING
RECORDED A MEAGER 0.5 INCH OF THE WHITE STUFF.

BUT WINTER CAN ALSO SHOW ITS NASTY SIDE DURING MARCH. EVEN ON
3/31...RECORD LOW TEMPERATURES REACH BELOW ZERO AT MANY PLACES...
INCLUDING -17 AT IRONWOOD (3/31/75). DURING THE VERY COLD MARCH
1965...RECORD LOW TEMPERATURES AT THE MARQUETTE NWS DROPPED TO -20
AS LATE AS 3/24/65. ON 3/7/84...THE LOW TEMPERATURE AT IRONWOOD
PLUMMETED TO 34 BELOW ZERO. IN 2003...AN ARCTIC INVASION AT THE
BEGINNING OF THE MONTH DROPPED THE MERCURY AS LOW AS 42 BELOW ZERO
AT EWEN IN ONTONAGON COUNTY ON 3/3. MORE RECENTLY...MARCH 2014
FEATURED LENGTHY PERIODS DOMINATED BY ARCTIC AIRMASSES. THE MEAN
MONTHLY TEMPERATURE THEN RAN 9 TO 13 DEGREES BELOW THE LONG TERM
AVERAGE...EARNING THAT MONTH THE TITLE OF THE COLDEST MARCH ON
RECORD AT IRONWOOD...THE MARQUETTE NWS...MUNISING...MANISTIQUE AND
ONTONAGON AND AS ONE OF THE TOP FIVE COLDEST ELSEWHERE ACROSS UPPER
MICHIGAN.

ALTHOUGH LAKE EFFECT SNOW BECOMES LESS LIKELY DURING MARCH AS LAKE
SUPERIOR TEMPERATURES USUALLY REACH THEIR LOWEST READINGS AND ICE
COVER PEAKS...AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DURING MARCH IS MORE THAN DURING
FEBRUARY BECAUSE THE NORTHWARD MOVING JET STREAM BRINGS MORE
MOISTURE-LADEN LOW PRESSURE SYSTEMS TO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES. THIS
INCREASED STORMINESS RESULTS IN HIGHER AVERAGE SNOWFALL AT INLAND
LOCATIONS THAN IN FEBRUARY. THE AVERAGE MONTHLY SNOW AT IRON
MOUNTAIN DURING FEBRUARY IS 9.1 INCHES...BUT RISES TO 11.1 INCHES IN
MARCH. HEAVY SNOW CAN FALL WHEN LARGE STORM SYSTEMS FUELED BY THIS
ACTIVE MARCH JET STREAM PUSH NORTHEAST FROM THE PLAINS INTO THE
GREAT LAKES. IN FACT...THE SNOWIEST DAY EVER AT THE MARQUETTE NWS
WAS 3/14/97...WHEN A POTENT LOW PRESSURE CENTER MOVED THROUGH
WISCONSIN AND DUMPED 26.2 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF...PUSHING THE
SNOW DEPTH TO A RECORD 63 INCHES ON 3/15/97. SINCE THE EARLY WINTER
IN 2001-2002 WAS SO WARM AND LAKE SUPERIOR WATER TEMPERATURES WERE
WELL ABOVE NORMAL LATE IN THE WINTER...HEAVY LAKE EFFECT SNOW FELL
IN MARCH 2002 ONCE VERY COLD AIR PUSHED SOUTH AND CONTRIBUTED TO A
RECORD MARCH SNOWFALL AT THE MARQUETTE NWS (83.1 INCHES)...NEWBERRY
(66.9 INCHES)...AND IRONWOOD (60.8 INCHES). A TOTAL OF 63.5 INCHES
OF SNOW SMOTHERED THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT IN MARCH 1976. DURING
THAT SAME MARCH...60.6 INCHES ACCUMULATED AT THE MARQUETTE NWS.

               OUTLOOK FOR SPRING INTO EARLY SUMMER

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING A GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF AN ABOVE NORMAL 3-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE
BUT AN EQUAL CHANCE OF ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL 3-MONTH PRECIPITATION
OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN APRIL THROUGH JUNE 2015.

GO TO HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/CLIMATE/L3MTO.PHP TO ACCESS DETAILED
LOCAL THREE-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OUTLOOKS FOR A NUMBER OF SITES
IN UPPER MICHIGAN.

CHECK OUT HTTP://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT
THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER AND MORE LONG RANGE PREDICTIONS.

NOTE THAT STATISTICS FOR THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE IN
NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP ARE BASED ON RECORDS WHICH BEGAN IN OCTOBER 1961.
THIRTY YEAR NORMALS USED ARE FOR THE PERIOD OF 1981 THROUGH 2010.
NOTE ALL TEMPERATURES ARE IN FAHRENHEIT AND PRECIPITATION IS IN
INCHES. ALL CLIMATE DATA LISTED IN THIS PRODUCT ARE UNOFFICIAL. FOR
OFFICIAL DATA...PLEASE REFER TO THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER.
ALSO NOTE THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE DATA FROM CHIPPEWA AND
MACKINAC COUNTIES.

NWS MARQUETTE WEB PAGE IS AT HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/MQT (ALL LOWER
CASE). CONTACT THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER AT (828) 271-4800
OR WWW.NCDC.NOAA.GOV.

$$

KC



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