Climatological Report (Monthly)
Issued by NWS Marquette, MI

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CXUS53 KMQT 051112 AAA
CLMMQT

CLIMATE REPORT...PRELIMINARY
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MARQUETTE MI
613 AM EST THU MAR 5 2015

...................................

...THE MARQUETTE MI CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF FEBRUARY 2015...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1961 TO 2015

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH              61   02/17/1981
 LOW              -34   02/17/1979
HIGHEST            24   02/28        24       0       41  02/20
                        02/10                             02/19
LOWEST            -28   02/23         5     -33      -28  02/28
AVG. MAXIMUM     11.8              25.6   -13.8     16.3
AVG. MINIMUM     -6.9               5.3   -12.2     -5.1
MEAN              2.4              15.5   -13.1      5.6
DAYS MAX >= 90      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MAX <= 32     28              20.6     7.4       26
DAYS MIN <= 32     28              27.6     0.4       28
DAYS MIN <= 0      22              10.2    11.8       20

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM         5.35   2002
 MINIMUM         0.48   1994
TOTALS           1.67              2.14   -0.47     1.34
DAILY AVG.       0.06              0.08   -0.02     0.05
DAYS >= .01        16              13.1     2.9       13
DAYS >= .10         7               5.5     1.5        6
DAYS >= .50         0               1.0    -1.0        0
DAYS >= 1.00        0               0.2    -0.2        0
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    0.40   02/14 TO 02/14

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL           91.9   2002
TOTALS           40.7              35.9     4.8     20.9
SINCE 7/1       154.0             152.4     1.6    129.5
SNOWDEPTH AVG.     31                24       7       31
DAYS >= 1.0        12               8.0     4.0        7
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH        37   02/09                         35  02/22
                                                          02/21
 24 HR TOTAL      9.6   02/08 TO 02/09

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL    1747              1387     360     1655
 SINCE 7/1       7311              6624     687     7322
COOLING TOTAL       0                 0       0        0
 SINCE 1/1          0                 0       0        0
.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              MM
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    MM        DATE   MM
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    40/360    DATE  02/14

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)   MM
AVERAGE SKY COVER             MM
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR          MM
NUMBER OF DAYS PC            MM
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY        MM

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     MM

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM              0     MIXED PRECIP               1
HEAVY RAIN                0     RAIN                       0
LIGHT RAIN                0     FREEZING RAIN              0
LT FREEZING RAIN          3     HAIL                       0
HEAVY SNOW                0     SNOW                       1
LIGHT SNOW               24     SLEET                      1
FOG                       0     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE      0
HAZE                      0

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

...FEBRUARY 2015 MONTHLY CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR UPPER MICHIGAN...
/THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE CHIPPEWA AND MACKINAC COUNTIES/

...EXTREMELY COLD MAINLY BECAUSE OF SECOND HALF CHILL...
...RECORD COLDEST FEBRUARY AT NEWBERRY AND MANISTIQUE...
...RECORD COLDEST FEBRUARY AT THE MARQUETTE NWS...
...SECOND COLDEST FEBRUARY AT IRONWOOD AND IRON MOUNTAIN...
...THIRD COLDEST FEBRUARY AT HOUGHTON AND MUNISING...
...SIXTH COLDEST FEBRUARY AT MARQUETTE CITY...

...PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL NEAR TO ABOVE NORMAL NEAR LAKE
SUPERIOR BUT BELOW NORMAL OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL...

FEBRUARY CLIMATE STATISTICS FOR THE MARQUETTE NWS IN NEGAUNEE
 TOWNSHIP

                                    NORMAL   DEPARTURE
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE          2.4     15.5  MINUS  -13.1
AVERAGE HIGH TEMPERATURE    11.8     25.6  MINUS  -13.8
AVERAGE LOW TEMPERATURE     -6.9      5.3  MINUS  -12.2
HEATING DEGREE DAYS         1747     1387   PLUS    360
COOLING DEGREE DAYS            0        0             0
TOTAL PRECIPITATION         1.67     2.14  MINUS   0.47
TOTAL SNOWFALL              40.7     35.9   PLUS    4.8

HIGHEST TEMPERATURE:                    24 ON 2/10 AND 2/28
LOWEST TEMPERATURE:                    -28 ON 2/23
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY PRECIPITATION:  0.40 ON 2/14
GREATEST 24 HOUR PRECIPITATION:       0.40 ON 2/14
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY SNOWFALL:        9.2 ON 2/8
GREATEST 24 HOUR SNOWFALL:             9.6 ON 2/8-2/9
PEAK WIND SPEED:     40 MPH FROM THE NORTH ON 2/14

DAILY RECORD SNOWFALL ON 2/8...9.2 /OLD RECORD 7.6..1992/
DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 2/14...6 /8...1963/
DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 2/15...5 /7...1991/
DAILY RECORD LOW MINIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 2/19...-25 /-21...1966/
DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 2/19...-4 /ZERO...1966/
DAILY RECORD LOW MINIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 2/20...-26 /-15...1966/
DAILY RECORD LOW MINIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 2/23...-28 /-15...1965/
DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 2/26...7 /8...1964&2014/
RECORD LOWEST FEBRUARY MEAN TEMPERATURE...2.4 /OLD RECORD 5.6...2014/
---------------------------------------------------------------------
GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS (FEET/METERS ABOVE MEAN SEA LEVEL)

                            LAKE SUPERIOR  LAKE MICHIGAN-HURON
02/01/15 DAILY MEAN         602.02/183.49     579.12/176.52
02/28/15 DAILY MEAN         601.81/183.43     579.04/176.49
AVG JAN 2015 DAILY MEAN     602.16/183.54     579.11/176.51
AVG FEB 2014 DAILY MEAN     601.19/183.24     577.27/175.95
LONG TERM FEB DAILY MEAN    601.25/183.26     578.35/176.28
MAXIMUM FEB DAILY MEAN      602.46/183.63     581.07/177.11
                                (1986)           (1986)
MINIMUM FEB DAILY MEAN      599.61/182.76     576.08/175.59
                                (1926)           (1964)

...GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS WELL ABOVE NORMAL AGAIN IN FEBRUARY...

ALTHOUGH GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS FELL SLOWLY IN FEBRUARY 2015 AS IS
NORMAL...THESE LEVELS REMAINED WELL ABOVE THE LONG-TERM AVERAGE. AT
THE END OF FEBRUARY...THE LEVEL OF LAKES MICHIGAN AND HURON WAS 8 TO
9 INCHES HIGHER THAN NORMAL AND OVER 21 INCHES HIGHER THAN ON 2/28
IN 2014. AS FOR LAKE SUPERIOR...THE 2/28 LEVEL OF THAT BODY OF WATER
WAS ALMOST 7 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL AND OVER 7 INCHES HIGHER THAN
OBSERVED ON 2/28 IN 2014.

DUE TO THE INTENSE CHILL THAT PREVAILED DURING FEBRUARY...LAKE
SUPERIOR BECAME ALMOST 100 PERCENT ICE COVERED DURING THE LAST TWO
WEEKS OF FEBRUARY. THE NORTHERN BAY OF GREEN BAY WAS ALSO COMPLETELY
ICE COVERED. MUCH OF NORTHERN LAKE MICHIGAN WAS COVERED BY ICE AS
WELL EXCEPT FOR A NARROW CORRIDOR TO THE EAST OF THE DOOR AND GARDEN
PENINSULAS.

OBTAIN GREAT LAKES WATER LEVEL DATA AS REPORTED BY THE U.S. ARMY
CORPS OF ENGINEERS AT

HTTP://WWW.LRE.USACE.ARMY.MIL/MISSIONS/GREATLAKESINFORMATION/
       GREATLAKESWATERLEVELS/CURRENTCONDITIONS.ASPX (ALL LOWER CASE).
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                      FEBRUARY CLIMATE HIGHLIGHTS

            ...TOP FIVE COLDEST FEBRUARY AT MOST PLACES...
                 ...FEBRUARY 2015 MEAN TEMPERATURE...

                                          /OR PREVIOUS/
              OBSERVED  NORMAL  DEPARTURE     RECORD      2015 RANK

MANISTIQUE       5.0     19.3     -14.3     7.8 /1899/ RECORD COLDEST

NEWBERRY         4.6     18.7     -14.1     5.7 /1917/ RECORD COLDEST

MARQUETTE NWS    2.4     15.5     -13.1     5.6 /2014/ RECORD COLDEST

IRON MOUNTAIN    4.2     17.5     -13.3     4.1 /1904/    2ND COLDEST

IRONWOOD         2.5     14.9     -12.4    -0.3 /1936/    2ND COLDEST

MUNISING         5.9     19.4     -13.5     4.8 /1936/    3RD COLDEST

HOUGHTON         4.6     16.9     -12.3     1.7 /1936/    3RD COLDEST

MARQUETTE CITY   7.3     20.7     -13.4     1.8 /1875/    6TH COLDEST

MORE TO COME LATER.
---------------------------------------------------------------------
SOME OTHER TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION OBSERVATIONS ACROSS UPPER
MICHIGAN IN FEBRUARY 2015 INCLUDE:

IRONWOOD...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 2.5 (12.4 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 1.48 INCHES (0.21 INCH ABOVE NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL 33.3 INCHES (5.1 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)


GREENLAND (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 9.1 DEGREES
                               PRECIPITATION 1.18 INCHES
                               SNOWFALL 29.5 INCHES

HOUGHTON COUNTY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 4.6 (12.3 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
 AIRPORT

COPPER HARBOR...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 8.6 DEGREES

JACOBSVILLE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 2.2 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 1.17 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 17.7 INCHES

HERMAN (BARAGA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE -1.2 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 1.00 INCH
                         SNOWFALL 34.1 INCHES

MARQUETTE CITY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 7.3 (13.4 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
                 PRECIPITATION 1.28 INCHES (0.03INCH BELOW NORMAL)
                 SNOWFALL 22.6 INCHES (1.9 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

CHATHAM (ALGER COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 4.7 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 1.45 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 33.8 INCHES

MUNISING...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 5.9 (13.5 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 2.64 INCHES (0.63 INCH ABOVE NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL 46.5 INCHES (20.0 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

NEWBERRY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 4.6 (14.1 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)

STAMBAUGH (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE -2.4 DEGREES
                          PRECIPITATION 0.29 INCH
                          SNOWFALL 4.8 INCHES

IRON MOUNTAIN...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 4.2 (13.3 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
                PRECIPITATION 0.28 INCH (0.72 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
                SNOWFALL 3.5 INCHES (5.2 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

MENOMINEE...PRECIPITATION 0.22 INCH
            SNOWFALL 3.5 INCHES

GARDEN CORNERS (DELTA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 2.7 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 0.74 INCH
                                SNOWFALL 14.9 INCHES

MANISTIQUE...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 5.0 (14.3 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
             PRECIPITATION 0.56 INCH (0.58 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
             SNOWFALL 12.1 INCHES (2.5 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

                       FEBRUARY WEATHER SUMMARY

MORE TO COME LATER.

                            MARCH FORECAST

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING A GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF A BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY AVERAGE TEMPERATURE
BUT AN EQUAL CHANCE OF ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY PRECIPITATION
OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN MARCH 2015.

                          MARCH CLIMATOLOGY

AS THE SUN CONTINUES ITS MARCH NORTHWARD DURING THE THIRD MONTH OF
THE YEAR...DAYLIGHT AND AVERAGE TEMPERATURES INCREASE STEADILY. THE
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE INCREASES FROM 666 MINUTES ON 3/1 TO 765 MINUTES
ON 3/31. ON 3/1...NORMAL MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM TEMPERATURES AT THE
MARQUETTE NWS ARE 30 AND 8...BUT REBOUND TO 40 AND 20 ON 3/31.
MONTHLY AVERAGE TEMPERATURES THROUGHOUT UPPER MICHIGAN ARE 8 TO 11
DEGREES HIGHER IN MARCH THAN FEBRUARY. REMEMBER TO TURN YOUR CLOCKS
AHEAD ONE HOUR AT 2 AM EST ON SUNDAY 3/8 AS MOST OF THE UNITED
STATES TRANSITIONS FROM STANDARD TIME TO DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME.
SPRING ARRIVES IN THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE THIS YEAR ON 3/20 AT 6:45
PM EDT.

SPRING OFTEN TEASES UPPER MICHIGAN RESIDENTS DURING MARCH WITH
RECORD HIGH TEMPERATURES REACHING WELL INTO THE 60S AND 70S COMMON
BY MONTH`S END. BUT IN MARCH 2012...UNPRECEDENTED WARMTH ARRIVED AT
MID-MONTH AS A SPRAWLING RIDGE OF HIGH PRESSURE DOMINATED THE GREAT
LAKES FOR ALMOST 3 WEEKS. MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURES ENDED UP 10 TO
16 DEGREES ABOVE THE LONG TERM AVERAGE...ENOUGH TO PLACE MARCH 2012
AS THE WARMEST THIRD MONTH ON RECORD ALMOST EVERYWHERE EXCEPT FOR
MANISTIQUE. DURING THE WARMEST STRETCH FROM 3/17 TO 3/21...MEAN
DAILY TEMPERATURES AVERAGED AN INCREDIBLE 35 TO 40 DEGREES ABOVE
NORMAL. MANY LOCATIONS REPORTED THE HIGHEST MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM
TEMPERATURE EVER OBSERVED IN MARCH DURING THIS WARM SPELL...
INCLUDING SOME DAYTIME HIGHS IN THE LOW 80S AND OVERNIGHT LOWS IN
THE 50S AND LOW 60S. HARVEY IN MARQUETTE COUNTY LOGGED THE HIGHEST
TEMPERATURE...AN INCREDIBLE 85 ON 3/21. SOME OF THESE DAYS WOULD
HAVE BEEN WARM BY MID-SUMMER STANDARDS. IN RECENT MEMORY...MARCH
2010...2000 AND 1995 WERE ALSO QUITE WARM AND AMONG THE TOP FIVE
WARMEST AT MANY SPOTS. THE EARLY ONSET OF 70- TO 75-DEGREE PLUS
TEMPERATURES BY 3/7 IN MARCH 2000 WAS ALMOST UNPRECEDENTED.

RECORD LOW SNOWFALL AT ALL LOCATIONS DURING MARCH IS AN INCH OR
LESS. MANY LOCATIONS SET THIS MONTHLY RECORD FOR LOW SNOWFALL IN THE
WARM AND DRY MARCH OF 2010. A STRONG EL NINO ALSO RESULTED IN VERY
LOW SNOW TOTALS IN MARCH 1973...WHEN EVEN NORMALLY SNOWY MUNISING
RECORDED A MEAGER 0.5 INCH OF THE WHITE STUFF.

BUT WINTER CAN ALSO SHOW ITS NASTY SIDE DURING MARCH. EVEN ON
3/31...RECORD LOW TEMPERATURES REACH BELOW ZERO AT MANY PLACES...
INCLUDING -17 AT IRONWOOD (3/31/75). DURING THE VERY COLD MARCH
1965...RECORD LOW TEMPERATURES AT THE MARQUETTE NWS DROPPED TO -20
AS LATE AS 3/24/65. ON 3/7/84...THE LOW TEMPERATURE AT IRONWOOD
PLUMMETED TO 34 BELOW ZERO. IN 2003...AN ARCTIC INVASION AT THE
BEGINNING OF THE MONTH DROPPED THE MERCURY AS LOW AS 42 BELOW ZERO
AT EWEN IN ONTONAGON COUNTY ON 3/3. MORE RECENTLY...MARCH 2014
FEATURED LENGTHY PERIODS DOMINATED BY ARCTIC AIRMASSES. THE MEAN
MONTHLY TEMPERATURE THEN RAN 9 TO 13 DEGREES BELOW THE LONG TERM
AVERAGE...EARNING THAT MONTH THE TITLE OF THE COLDEST MARCH ON
RECORD AT IRONWOOD...THE MARQUETTE NWS...MUNISING...MANISTIQUE AND
ONTONAGON AND AS ONE OF THE TOP FIVE COLDEST ELSEWHERE ACROSS UPPER
MICHIGAN.

ALTHOUGH LAKE EFFECT SNOW BECOMES LESS LIKELY DURING MARCH AS LAKE
SUPERIOR TEMPERATURES USUALLY REACH THEIR LOWEST READINGS AND ICE
COVER PEAKS...AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DURING MARCH IS MORE THAN DURING
FEBRUARY BECAUSE THE NORTHWARD MOVING JET STREAM BRINGS MORE
MOISTURE-LADEN LOW PRESSURE SYSTEMS TO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES. THIS
INCREASED STORMINESS RESULTS IN HIGHER AVERAGE SNOWFALL AT INLAND
LOCATIONS THAN IN FEBRUARY. THE AVERAGE MONTHLY SNOW AT IRON
MOUNTAIN DURING FEBRUARY IS 9.1 INCHES...BUT RISES TO 11.1 INCHES IN
MARCH. HEAVY SNOW CAN FALL WHEN LARGE STORM SYSTEMS FUELED BY THIS
ACTIVE MARCH JET STREAM PUSH NORTHEAST FROM THE PLAINS INTO THE
GREAT LAKES. IN FACT...THE SNOWIEST DAY EVER AT THE MARQUETTE NWS
WAS 3/14/97...WHEN A POTENT LOW PRESSURE CENTER MOVED THROUGH
WISCONSIN AND DUMPED 26.2 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF...PUSHING THE
SNOW DEPTH TO A RECORD 63 INCHES ON 3/15/97. SINCE THE EARLY WINTER
IN 2001-2002 WAS SO WARM AND LAKE SUPERIOR WATER TEMPERATURES WERE
WELL ABOVE NORMAL LATE IN THE WINTER...HEAVY LAKE EFFECT SNOW FELL
IN MARCH 2002 ONCE VERY COLD AIR PUSHED SOUTH AND CONTRIBUTED TO A
RECORD MARCH SNOWFALL AT THE MARQUETTE NWS (83.1 INCHES)...NEWBERRY
(66.9 INCHES)...AND IRONWOOD (60.8 INCHES). A TOTAL OF 63.5 INCHES
OF SNOW SMOTHERED THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT IN MARCH 1976. DURING
THAT SAME MARCH...60.6 INCHES ACCUMULATED AT THE MARQUETTE NWS.

               OUTLOOK FOR SPRING INTO EARLY SUMMER

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING A GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF AN ABOVE NORMAL 3-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE
BUT AN EQUAL CHANCE OF ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL 3-MONTH PRECIPITATION
OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN APRIL THROUGH JUNE 2015.

GO TO HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/CLIMATE/L3MTO.PHP TO ACCESS DETAILED
LOCAL THREE-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OUTLOOKS FOR A NUMBER OF SITES
IN UPPER MICHIGAN.

CHECK OUT HTTP://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT
THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER AND MORE LONG RANGE PREDICTIONS.

NOTE THAT STATISTICS FOR THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE IN
NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP ARE BASED ON RECORDS WHICH BEGAN IN OCTOBER 1961.
THIRTY YEAR NORMALS USED ARE FOR THE PERIOD OF 1981 THROUGH 2010.
NOTE ALL TEMPERATURES ARE IN FAHRENHEIT AND PRECIPITATION IS IN
INCHES. ALL CLIMATE DATA LISTED IN THIS PRODUCT ARE UNOFFICIAL. FOR
OFFICIAL DATA...PLEASE REFER TO THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER.
ALSO NOTE THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE DATA FROM CHIPPEWA AND
MACKINAC COUNTIES.

NWS MARQUETTE WEB PAGE IS AT HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/MQT (ALL LOWER
CASE). CONTACT THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER AT (828) 271-4800
OR WWW.NCDC.NOAA.GOV.

$$

KC


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