Climatological Report (Monthly)
Issued by NWS Marquette, MI

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000
CXUS53 KMQT 281505 CCC
CLMMQT

CLIMATE REPORT...FINAL
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MARQUETTE MI
1005 AM EST FRI FEB 28 2014

...................................

...THE MARQUETTE MI CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF JANUARY 2014...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1961 TO 2014

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH              53   01/26/1973
 LOW              -32   01/09/1977
HIGHEST            30   01/13        20      10       42  01/12
                        01/12
LOWEST            -19   01/03         3     -22      -18  01/22
AVG. MAXIMUM     13.3              21.9    -8.6     23.0
AVG. MINIMUM     -1.8               5.2    -7.0      8.4
MEAN              5.8              13.6    -7.8     15.7
DAYS MAX >= 90      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MAX <= 32     31              26.3     4.7       22
DAYS MIN <= 32     31              31.0     0.0       31
DAYS MIN <= 0      19              10.5     8.5        7

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM         6.61   1997
 MINIMUM         0.61   1965
TOTALS           2.18              2.41   -0.23     2.76
DAILY AVG.       0.07              0.08   -0.01     0.09
DAYS >= .01        21              17.3     3.7       18
DAYS >= .10         9               7.1     1.9       10
DAYS >= .50         0               0.9    -0.9        1
DAYS >= 1.00        0               0.2    -0.2        0
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    0.31   01/16 TO 01/17

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL           91.7   1997
TOTALS           39.2              43.2    -4.0     42.7
SINCE 7/1       108.6             116.5    -7.9     92.0
SNOWDEPTH AVG.     22                19       3       13
DAYS >= 1.0        15              11.6     3.4       10
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH        29   01/31                         27  01/31
                        01/25
 24 HR TOTAL      5.9   01/16 TO 01/17

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL    1827              1595     232     1523
 SINCE 7/1       5667              5237     430     4896
COOLING TOTAL       0                 0       0        0
 SINCE 1/1          0                 0       0        0
.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              MM
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    MM        DATE   MM
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    38/225    DATE  01/03

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)   MM
AVERAGE SKY COVER             MM
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR          MM
NUMBER OF DAYS PC            MM
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY        MM

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     MM

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM              0     MIXED PRECIP               0
HEAVY RAIN                0     RAIN                       0
LIGHT RAIN                0     FREEZING RAIN              0
LT FREEZING RAIN          1     HAIL                       0
HEAVY SNOW                1     SNOW                       8
LIGHT SNOW               29     SLEET                      0
FOG                       1     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE      0
HAZE                      0

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

...JANUARY 2014 MONTHLY CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR UPPER MICHIGAN...
(THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE CHIPPEWA AND MACKINAC COUNTIES)

...VERY COLD...
...THIRD COLDEST JANUARY AT IRON MOUNTAIN...
...FOURTH COLDEST JANUARY AT ONTONAGON...
...FIFTH COLDEST JANUARY AT MANISTIQUE...
...SIXTH COLDEST JANUARY AT THE MARQUETTE NWS...
...EIGHTH COLDEST JANUARY AT IRONWOOD...
...NINTH COLDEST JANUARY AT MUNISING AND NEWBERRY...

...PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL GENERALLY ABOVE NORMAL OVER THE SOUTH
CENTRAL AND IN THE NORTHWEST WIND LAKE EFFECT SNOW BELTS...
...SECOND HIGHEST JANUARY SNOWFALL AT NEWBERRY...

JANUARY CLIMATE STATISTICS FOR THE MARQUETTE NWS IN NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP

                                    NORMAL   DEPARTURE
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE          5.8     13.6  MINUS    7.8
AVERAGE HIGH TEMPERATURE    13.3     21.9  MINUS    8.6
AVERAGE LOW TEMPERATURE     -1.8      5.2  MINUS    7.0
HEATING DEGREE DAYS         1827     1595   PLUS    232
COOLING DEGREE DAYS            0        0             0
TOTAL PRECIPITATION         2.18     2.41  MINUS   0.23
TOTAL SNOWFALL              39.2     43.2  MINUS    4.0

HIGHEST TEMPERATURE:                    30 ON 1/12 AND 1/13
LOWEST TEMPERATURE:                    -19 ON 1/3
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY PRECIPITATION:  0.29 ON 1/17
GREATEST 24 HOUR PRECIPITATION:       0.31 ON 1/16-1/17
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY SNOWFALL:        5.7 ON 1/17
GREATEST 24 HOUR SNOWFALL:             5.9 ON 1/16-1/17
GREATEST SNOW DEPTH:                    29 ON 1/25 AND 1/31
PEAK WIND SPEED: 38 MPH FROM THE SOUTHWEST ON 1/3

DAILY RECORD LOW MINIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 1/3...-19 /OLD RECORD
                                                   -17...1974/
DAILY RECORD LOW MINIMUM TEMPERATURE TIED ON 1/6...-17 /-17...1968/
DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 1/6...-4 /0...1968/
DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 1/27...-6 /0...1986/
DAILY RECORD LOW MINIMUM TEMPERATURE TIED ON 1/28...-17 /-17...1965/
SIXTH LOWEST JANUARY MEAN TEMPERATURE...5.8 /RECORD 2.8...1994/
---------------------------------------------------------------------
GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS (FEET/METERS ABOVE MEAN SEA LEVEL)

                            LAKE SUPERIOR  LAKE MICHIGAN-HURON
01/01/14 DAILY MEAN         601.44/183.32     577.28/175.96
01/31/14 DAILY MEAN         601.23/183.25     577.24/175.94
AVG DEC 2013 DAILY MEAN     601.55/183.35     577.33/175.97
AVG JAN 2013 DAILY MEAN     600.32/182.98     576.02/175.57
LONG TERM JAN DAILY MEAN    601.44/183.32     578.41/176.30
MAXIMUM JAN DAILY MEAN      602.69/183.70     581.30/177.18
                                (1986)           (1987)
MINIMUM JAN DAILY MEAN      599.84/182.83     576.02/175.57
                                (1926)           (2013)

...GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS FALL VERY SLOWLY IN JANUARY...

WATER LEVELS ON LAKES SUPERIOR AND MICHIGAN/HURON FELL NO MORE THAN
AN INCH OR TWO IN JANUARY...LESS THAN NORMAL FOR THIS TIME OF YEAR.
DESPITE THIS SLOW DECLINE...THE LEVEL ON LAKES MICHIGAN/HURON WAS
ALMOST 15 INCHES HIGHER AT THE END OF JANUARY THAN AT THE END OF
JANUARY 2013...WHEN THESE LAKES WERE AT OR NEAR A RECORD LOW. FOR
LAKE SUPERIOR...THE LEVEL ENDED ABOUT 11 INCHES HIGHER THAN AT THE
END OF JANUARY 2013. THESE HIGHER LEVELS WERE COURTESY OF A
COMBINATION OF COOLER WEATHER IN 2013 INTO 2014 THAT RESTRICTED
EVAPORATION AND OVERALL ABOVE NORMAL ANNUAL 2013 PRECIPITATION IN
THE DRAINAGE BASINS FOR THESE LAKES. EVEN WITH THIS IMPROVEMENT...
LAKES MICHIGAN/HURON WERE STILL 14 INCHES LOWER THAN THE LONG TERM
AVERAGE. LAKE SUPERIOR REMAINED 2 TO 3 INCHES LOWER THAN NORMAL.

DUE TO THE UNSEASONABLE DECEMBER AND JANUARY COLD...THERE WAS AN
UNUSUAL LARGE AMOUNT OF ICE BUILDUP ON LAKE SUPERIOR AT THE END OF
JANUARY. ALMOST ALL OF THE WEST HALF OF LAKE SUPERIOR WAS COVERED...
EXCEPT FOR AN AREA JUST OFF THE MINNESOTA NORTH SHORE. OVER THE EAST
HALF...ONLY THE EAST CENTRAL WHERE THE WATER IS DEEPEST WAS MAINLY
CLEAR OF ICE. THE BAY OF GREEN BAY HAD ICED UP BY THE END OF
DECEMBER AND REMAINED ALMOST ENTIRELY COVERED THROUGH JANUARY. THERE
WAS ALSO ICE GROWTH IN THE LAKE MICHIGAN NEARSHORE WATERS...
ESPECIALLY TO THE EAST OF MANISTIQUE. MOST OF FAR NORTHERN LAKE
MICHIGAN FROM BEAVER ISLAND EAST TO THE MACKINAC BRIDGE WAS MAINLY
ICE COVERED AS WELL BY 1/31.

OBTAIN GREAT LAKES WATER LEVEL DATA AS REPORTED BY THE U.S. ARMY
CORPS OF ENGINEERS AT

HTTP://WWW.LRE.USACE.ARMY.MIL/MISSIONS/GREATLAKESINFORMATION/
       GREATLAKESWATERLEVELS/CURRENTCONDITIONS.ASPX (ALL LOWER CASE).
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                       JANUARY CLIMATE HIGHLIGHTS

HIGHEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...39 AT MENOMINEE ON 1/13

LOWEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...-35 AT STAMBAUGH IN IRON COUNTY
                               ON 1/9

HIGHEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...11.7 DEGREES AT GREENLAND IN ONTONAGON
                               COUNTY

LOWEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...1.9 DEGREES AT STAMBAUGH IN IRON COUNTY

HIGHEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...4.92 INCHES AT GRAND MARAIS IN
                                 ALGER COUNTY

LOWEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...1.04 INCHES AT STAMBAUGH

HIGHEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...83.3 INCHES AT GRAND MARAIS

GREATEST SNOW DEPTH...56 INCHES AT HERMAN IN BARAGA COUNTY ON 1/23

LOWEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...13.0 INCHES AT STAMBAUGH

FOR THE SECOND MONTH IN A ROW...A DEEP UPPER TROUGH DOMINATED THE
WEATHER PATTERN OVER THE GREAT LAKES IN JANUARY 2014. EVEN THOUGH
THIS TROUGH RELAXED A BIT DURING THE MIDDLE OF JANUARY...PERIODS OF
INTENSE COLD RELATED TO A NEAR CONTINUOUS FLOW OF CANADIAN AIR
DURING THE BEGINNING AND END OF THE MONTH DROPPED MEAN MONTHLY
TEMPERATURES TO BETWEEN 2 AND 11 DEGREES...ABOUT 6 TO 10 DEGREES
BELOW NORMAL AND 4 TO 7 DEGREES LOWER THAN REPORTED IN DECEMBER.
JANUARY 2014 GOES DOWN IN THE RECORD BOOKS AS ONE OF THE TOP 10
COLDEST FIRST MONTHS AT MANY LOCATIONS AND EVEN THE THIRD COLDEST ON
RECORD AT IRON MOUNTAIN.

MANY LOCATIONS REPORTED SUB-ZERO MINIMUM TEMPERATURES WHEN THE UPPER
TROUGH WAS DEEPEST EACH OF THE FIRST 9 AND LAST 10 DAYS OF JANUARY.
IRON MOUNTAIN...IRONWOOD AND SOME OF THE COLDER INTERIOR LOCATIONS
OVER THE WEST HALF OF UPPER MICHIGAN SAW THE THERMOMETER READ BELOW
ZERO ON 21 OF THE 31 DAYS OF JANUARY...MORE THAN HAD BEEN REPORTED
IN ANY JANUARY SINCE THE COLD FIRST MONTHS IN 1994 AND 2009. AT SOME
PLACES...TEMPERATURES FAILED TO RISE ABOVE FREEZING THE ENTIRE MONTH.

THE MOST DANGEROUS COLD WAVES IMPACTED UPPER MICHIGAN ON 1/6 INTO
1/9 AND 1/26 INTO 1/29. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES FELL TO AS MUCH AS
25 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL ON 1/6...1/7...1/27 AND 1/28. THE
THERMOMETER FAILED TO RISE ABOVE ZERO AT SOME LOCATIONS ON THESE
BRUTALLY COLD DAYS...INCLUDING A -18 MAXIMUM READINGS AT IRONWOOD ON
1/6. THE COMBINATION OF THE FRIGID AIR AND A STEADY WEST WIND
DROPPED WIND CHILLS AS LOW AS AROUND -50 OVER THE WEST NEAR IRONWOOD
DURING THE COLDEST MORNINGS ON 1/6 AND 1/7 AND TO -45 ON 1/27 AND
1/28. THE MERCURY FELL TO -20 OR LOWER AT AT LEAST ONE LOCATION IN
UPPER MICHIGAN ON 1/1-1/3...1/6-1/9...1/21...1/24 AND 1/28.
TEMPERATURES BOTTOMED OUT AT -30 OR LOWER EARLY ON 1/3 AND
1/9...INCLUDING THE LOWEST MONTHLY TEMPERATURE OF -35 AT STAMBAUGH
ON 1/9.

ALTHOUGH ONLY ONE LARGE-SCALE...MOISTURE LADEN LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM
IMPACTED UPPER MICHIGAN IN JANUARY AT THE END OF THE MONTH...A
PARADE OF ALBERTA CLIPPER-TYPE LOW PRESSURE SYSTEMS AND FREQUENT
LAKE EFFECT SNOWS IN MAINLY THE WEST TO NORTHWEST WIND SNOW BELTS
DELIVERED NEAR TO ABOVE NORMAL SNOWFALL AND WATER EQUIVALENT
PRECIPITATION TO MOST OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN JANUARY. THE HEAVIEST
SNOW AND PRECIPITATION RELATIVE TO NORMAL OCCURRED NEAR LAKE
SUPERIOR EAST OF MARQUETTE. GRAND MARAIS IN ALGER COUNTY LED
REPORTING STATIONS WITH 83.3 INCHES OF SNOW AND 4.92 INCHES OF
LIQUID EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION. THE 66.5 INCHES OF SNOW THAT
ACCUMULATED AT NEWBERRY WAS THE SECOND HIGHEST JANUARY SNOWFALL
THERE AND OVER 30 INCHES ABOVE AND 185 PERCENT OF THE MONTHLY NORMAL.
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                 ...JANUARY 2014 MEAN TEMPERATURE...
          ...TOP 10 COLDEST ACROSS MUCH OF UPPER MICHIGAN...


              OBSERVED  NORMAL  DEPARTURE     RECORD       2014 RANK

IRON MOUNTAIN    4.4     13.7     -9.3      -1.9 /1912/   3RD COLDEST

MANISTIQUE      10.4     17.6     -7.2       5.8 /1994/   5TH COLDEST

MARQUETTE NWS    5.8     13.6     -7.8       2.8 /1994/   6TH COLDEST

IRONWOOD         2.5     11.6     -9.1      -5.3 /1912/   8TH COLDEST

MUNISING         9.7     17.9     -8.2       3.6 /1912/   9TH COLDEST

NEWBERRY         9.7     16.7     -7.0       5.3 /1994/   9TH COLDEST

HOUGHTON         7.8     15.5     -7.7      -1.2 /1912/  11TH COLDEST

MARQUETTE CITY  10.2     18.8     -8.6       1.3 /1912/  14TH COLDEST
---------------------------------------------------------------------
 ...VERY COLD DECEMBER AND JANUARY WITH HEAVY SNOW IN SOME PLACES...

          ...DECEMBER 2013-JANUARY 2014 MEAN TEMPERATURE...

              OBSERVED  NORMAL  DEPARTURE     RECORD     2013-14 RANK

IRONWOOD         5.0     14.1     -9.1     2.9 /1976-77/  2ND COLDEST

IRON MOUNTAIN    7.8     16.6     -8.8     7.5 /1976-77/  2ND COLDEST

MANISTIQUE      12.3     20.5     -8.2    11.6 /1976-77/  2ND COLDEST

MARQUETTE NWS    8.3     16.1     -7.8     5.9 /1976-77/  2ND COLDEST

MUNISING        12.3     20.4     -8.1     8.4 /1919-20/  3RD COLDEST

NEWBERRY        11.3     19.5     -8.2     9.9 /1917-18/  4TH COLDEST

HOUGHTON        10.3     17.9     -7.6     8.3 /1976-77/  4TH COLDEST

MARQUETTE CITY  13.5     21.2     -7.7    11.4 /1919-20/  6TH COLDEST


              ...DECEMBER 2013-JANUARY 2014 SNOWFALL...

              OBSERVED  NORMAL  DEPARTURE     RECORD      2013-14 RANK

NEWBERRY       108.6     69.1     +39.5   118.6 /1977-78/  2ND HIGHEST

HOUGHTON       154.0    121.7     +32.3   207.3 /1978-79/  9TH HIGHEST

IRON MOUNTAIN   38.0     27.6     +10.4    76.5 /1934-35/ 11TH HIGHEST

MUNISING        94.5     84.5     +10.0   154.0 /1981-82/ 12TH HIGHEST

MARQUETTE NWS   86.1     86.0      +0.1   171.5 /1996-97/ 18TH HIGHEST

MANISTIQUE      34.1                       75.0 /2000-01/ 25TH HIGHEST

IRONWOOD        68.3     90.5     -22.2   151.5 /2000-01/     ****

MARQUETTE CITY  54.5     54.8      -0.3   107.5 /1996-97/     ****

**** NOT IN TOP 25
---------------------------------------------------------------------
SOME OTHER TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION OBSERVATIONS ACROSS UPPER
MICHIGAN IN JANUARY 2014 INCLUDE:

IRONWOOD...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 2.5 (9.1 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 1.87 INCHES (0.06 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL 37.3 INCHES (6.9 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

WATERSMEET (GOGEBIC COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.78 INCHES
                              SNOWFALL 31.0 INCHES

ONTONAGON...PRECIPITATION 2.49 INCHES
            SNOWFALL 44.2 INCHES

ONTONAGON...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 8.2 (8.6 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
 (6 MILES   PRECIPITATION 3.20 INCHES (0.35 INCH ABOVE NORMAL)
  INLAND)   SNOWFALL 60.5 INCHES (7.1 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

GREENLAND (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 11.7 DEGREES
                               PRECIPITATION 3.30 INCHES
                               SNOWFALL 57.5 INCHES

BERGLAND DAM (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...SNOWFALL 25.3 INCHES

HOUGHTON COUNTY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 7.8 (7.7 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
 AIRPORT          PRECIPITATION 2.81 INCHES (0.23 INCH ABOVE NORMAL)
                  SNOWFALL 68.7 INCHES (0.1 INCH BELOW NORMAL)

ATLANTIC MINE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 2.76 INCHES
                                  SNOWFALL 72.0 INCHES

PAINESDALE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...SNOWFALL 73.8 INCHES

MOHAWK (KEWEENAW COUNTY)...SNOWFALL 55.0 INCHES

COPPER HARBOR...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 10.3 DEGREES

JACOBSVILLE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 6.4 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 2.91 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 38.4 INCHES

BARAGA...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 7.2 DEGREES
         PRECIPITATION 1.83 INCHES
         SNOWFALL 26.1 INCHES

WATTON (BARAGA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 3.9 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 2.18 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 37.1 INCHES

HERMAN (BARAGA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 2.1 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 2.33 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 62.5 INCHES

CLARKSBURG (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 2.8 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 2.02 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 31.1 INCHES

BIG BAY (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 8.2 DEGREES
                             PRECIPITATION 2.11 INCHES
                             SNOWFALL 34.1 INCHES

MARQUETTE CITY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 10.2 (8.6 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
                 PRECIPITATION 2.00 INCHES (0.17 INCH ABOVE NORMAL)
                 SNOWFALL 31.0 INCHES (1.5 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

HARVEY (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 11.2 DEGREES
                            PRECIPITATION 1.82 INCHES
                            SNOWFALL 30.5 INCHES

GWINN (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.53 INCHES
                           SNOWFALL 23.8 INCHES

CHATHAM (ALGER COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 7.9 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 2.40 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 45.2 INCHES

MUNISING...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 9.7 (8.2 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 3.82 INCHES (0.55 INCH ABOVE NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL 56.0 INCHES (12.7 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

GRAND MARAIS...PRECIPITATION 4.92 INCHES
(10 MILES SOUTH) SNOWFALL 83.3 INCHES

NEWBERRY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 9.7 (7.0 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 3.22 INCHES (0.47 INCH ABOVE NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL 66.5 INCHES (30.7 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

STAMBAUGH (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 1.9 DEGREES
                          PRECIPITATION 1.04 INCHES
                          SNOWFALL 13.0 INCHES

AMASA (IRON COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.45 INCHES
                      SNOWFALL 22.0 INCHES

IRON MOUNTAIN...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 4.4 (9.3 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
                PRECIPITATION 1.46 INCHES (0.23 INCH ABOVE NORMAL)
                SNOWFALL 20.6 INCHES (6.9 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

NORWAY (DICKINSON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 5.9 DEGREES
                            PRECIPITATION 1.62 INCHES
                            SNOWFALL 23.1 INCHES

DAGGETT (MENOMINEE COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.51 INCHES

MENOMINEE...PRECIPITATION 1.36 INCHES
            SNOWFALL 16.7 INCHES

GLADSTONE (DELTA COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.99 INCHES
                           SNOWFALL 27.0 INCHES

GARDEN CORNERS (DELTA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 7.7 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 1.83 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 24.2 INCHES

COOKS (SCHOOLCRAFT COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.94 INCHES
                             SNOWFALL 24.8 INCHES

MANISTIQUE...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 10.4 (7.2 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
             PRECIPITATION 1.32 INCHES (0.25 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
             SNOWFALL 19.1 INCHES (1.9 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

                       JANUARY WEATHER SUMMARY

THE YEAR 2014 STARTED ON A BITTERLY COLD NOTE WITH A DEEP UPPER
TROUGH OVER EASTERN NORTH AMERICA ALLOWING A STEADY STREAM OF
CANADIAN AIR TO MOVE INTO THE GREAT LAKES. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES
ON 1/1...1/2 AND 1/3 AVERAGED 15 TO 25 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL...AND
MINIMUM TEMPERATURES FELL OFF TO -20 OR LOWER ON EACH OF THESE THREE
DAYS AT AT LEAST A COUPLE LOCATIONS OVER INTERIOR UPPER MICHIGAN.
THE LOWEST TEMPERATURES REPORTED INCLUDED -27 AT STAMBAUGH IN IRON
COUNTY ON 1/1...-27 AT STAMBAUGH AND AMASA IN IRON COUNTY ON 1/2 AND
-31 AT STAMBAUGH ON 1/3. LAKE EFFECT SNOWS IMPACTED THE WEST TO
NORTHWEST WIND SNOW BELTS NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR ON NEW YEARS DAY AND
1/2 BEFORE HIGH PRESSURE ARRIVED AND DIMINISHED THE PRECIPITATION.

AFTER THE HIGH SHIFTED TO THE EAST AND AN ALBERTA CLIPPER TYPE LOW
PRESSURE MOVED EAST THROUGH THE NORTHERN PLAINS ON 1/3...A STRONG
SOUTH WIND DEVELOPED OVER UPPER MICHIGAN. WIND GUSTS WERE CLOCKED AS
HIGH AS 68 MPH AT THOMPSON IN SCHOOLCRAFT COUNTY AND 55 MPH NEAR
FAYETTE IN DELTA COUNTY DURING THE NIGHT ON 1/3-1/4 AS SNOW AHEAD OF
THE CLIPPER TYPE LOW MOVED INTO THE WEST IN THE AFTERNOON OF 1/3 AND
OVERSPREAD UPPER MICHIGAN DURING THE NIGHT. THE SNOW WAS HEAVIEST
OVER THE NORTHWEST CLOSE TO THE TRACK OF THE LOW ACROSS LAKE SUPERIOR
AND ACROSS THE EAST DOWNWIND OF LAKE MICHIGAN. BY THE TIME THE SNOW
ENDED ON 1/4 FOLLOWING THE PASSAGE OF THE LOW AND ITS ATTENDANT COLD
FRONT...MOST PLACES HAD PICKED UP 2 TO 5 INCHES OF SNOW. THE
HEAVIEST SNOW REPORTS WERE 11.7 INCHES AT GRAND MARAIS IN ALGER
COUNTY...11.5 INCHES AT NEWBERRY AND 9.6 INCHES AT HERMAN IN BARAGA
COUNTY. ALTHOUGH COLDER AIR FOLLOWING THE FRONTAL PASSAGE BROUGHT A
RETURN OF LAKE EFFECT SNOW AGAIN MAINLY OVER THE KEWEENAW...MEAN
DAILY TEMPERATURES ON 1/4 RECOVERED CLOSE TO NORMAL.

AFTER THE COLD FRONTAL PASSAGE ON 1/4...A BRUTALLY COLD AIRMASS
MOVED INTO UPPER MICHIGAN UNDER A DEEPENING UPPER TROUGH. THIS COLD
AIRMASS DOMINATED ON 1/5 THROUGH 1/9...DROPPING TEMPERATURES TO 10
TO 20 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL...EXCEPT UP TO 25 DEGREES BELOW AVERAGE
WHEN THE CORE OF THE ARCTIC COLD MOVED OVERHEAD ON 1/6 AND 1/7. ON
EACH MORNING FROM 1/6 THROUGH 1/9...THE MERCURY FELL TO -20 OR LOWER
AT MANY LOCATIONS OVER THE INTERIOR AND EVEN AS LOW AS THE MONTHLY
LOWEST TEMPERATURE OF -35 AT STAMBAUGH ON 1/9. SOME OTHER NOTABLE
LOW READINGS WERE -28 AT IRONWOOD ON 1/6...-27 AT IRONWOOD ON 1/7
AND -29 AT STAMBAUGH ON 1/8. TEMPERATURES FAILED TO RISE ABOVE ZERO
AT MANY LOCATIONS ON 1/6 AND 1/7. THE AFTERNOON ON 1/6 WAS
PARTICULARLY COLD...WITH THE THERMOMETER PEAKING NO HIGHER THAN -10
AT MANY LOCATIONS OVER THE WEST...INCLUDING A FRIGID -18 AT
IRONWOOD...-15 AT PAULDING IN ONTONAGON COUNTY AND -14 AT STAMBAUGH.
A NUMBER OF NEW DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM TEMPERATURES
WERE ESTABLISHED DURING THIS COLD WAVE. THE COMBINATION OF THE VERY
LOW AIR TEMPERATURES AND A STEADY WEST WIND DROPPED WIND CHILLS TO
DANGEROUSLY LOW LEVELS AND ALL THE WAY TO AROUND -50 NEAR IRONWOOD
ON THE MORNINGS OF 1/6 AND 1/7. DURING THIS COLD WAVE...THERE WERE
NEARLY CONTINUOUS LAKE EFFECT SNOW SHOWERS AT LOCATIONS FAVORED BY
WEST TO NORTHWEST WINDS. BUT THE ARRIVAL OF A HIGH PRESSURE RIDGE ON
1/8 TENDED TO SUPPRESS THE SNOW SHOWERS. SNOW TOTALS FROM 1/4 INTO
1/8 EXCEEDED A FOOT AT SEVERAL LOCATIONS...WITH UP TO 19.0 INCHES AT
ATLANTIC MINE IN HOUGHTON COUNTY...18.7 INCHES AT PAINESDALE IN
HOUGHTON COUNTY...13.5 INCHES AT GRAND MARAIS AND 13.0 INCHES AT THE
HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT.

AS THE ARCTIC HIGH PRESSURE SYSTEM MOVED INTO THE NORTHEAST STATES
ON 1/9...THE SOUTH WIND ON ITS WESTERN FLANK ADVECTED THE BITTERLY
COLD AIR BACK INTO CANADA AND DREW A MUCH WARMER AIRMASS NORTH INTO
THE UPPER LAKES ON 1/10 INTO 1/13. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES REBOUNDED
TO 5 TO 10 DEGREES ABOVE AVERAGE ON 1/10 AND TO 10 TO 15 DEGREES
ABOVE NORMAL ON 1/11 THROUGH 1/13. HIGH TEMPERATURES IN THE 30S WERE
COMMON DURING THIS TIME. BUT AT SOME OF THE COLDER PLACES...THE
THERMOMETER STILL FAILED TO TOP THE FREEZING MARK. SOME LIGHT
FREEZING DRIZZLE AND FLURRIES MARKED THE RETURN OF THE WARMER AIR ON
1/10...THEN HEAVIER PRECIPITATION DEVELOPED AS A LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM
MOVED FROM THE PLAINS AND THROUGH THE WEST-CENTRAL GREAT LAKES ON
1/11. THIS STORM SYSTEM DROPPED 1 TO 5 INCHES OF WET SNOW ON UPPER
MICHIGAN FROM THE EVENING ON 1/10 INTO 1/11. HERMAN IN BARAGA COUNTY
REPORTED THE MOST WITH 5.6 INCHES.

THE FIRST IN A SERIES OF ALBERTA CLIPPER LOW PRESSURE SYSTEMS THAT
WERE DESTINED TO DEEPEN THE UPPER TROUGH OVER EASTERN NORTH AMERICA
AGAIN PASSED WEST-TO-EAST THROUGH WISCONSIN ON 1/14. A SWATH OF SNOW
ON THE NORTHERN FLANK OF THIS LOW IMPACTED MAINLY THE SOUTH
CENTRAL...WHERE AS MUCH AS 9 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF BURIED
MENOMINEE BY THE TIME THE PRECIPITATION ENDED IN THE EARLY MORNING
HOURS ON 1/15. NO MORE THAN AN INCH OR TWO FELL OVER NORTHERN UPPER
MICHIGAN. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES ON 1/14 RAN ABOUT 5 DEGREES ABOVE
NORMAL...BUT THE ARRIVAL OF COLDER AIR DURING THE NIGHT ON 1/14-1/15
KICKED THE LAKE EFFECT SNOW MACHINE INTO GEAR AND DROPPED THE MEAN
DAILY TEMPERATURE AS LOW AS 5 DEGREES BELOW AVERAGE ON 1/15.
NORTHWEST WINDS GUSTING TO 35 MPH ALSO CAUSED QUITE A BIT OF BLOWING
SNOW...ESPECIALLY EARLY IN THE MORNING ON 1/15. SEVERAL INCHES OF
SNOW FELL IN THE NORTHWEST WIND SNOW BELTS BY THE TIME THE SNOW
SHOWERS AND BLOWING SNOW DIMINISHED IN THE AFTERNOON ON 1/15 WITH
THE ARRIVAL OF HIGH PRESSURE RIDGE.

ANOTHER CLIPPER LOW DROPPING THROUGH THE UPPER GREAT LAKES DEPOSITED
SOME LOCALLY HEAVY SNOW OVER THE EAST HALF OF UPPER MICHIGAN AS THE
SOUTH WIND AHEAD OF THIS FEATURE RESULTED IN SOME ENHANCEMENT OFF
THE RELATIVELY WARM WATERS OF LAKE MICHIGAN. AS MUCH AS 9 INCHES OF
SNOW ACCUMULATED AT PERKINS IN DELTA COUNTY. MOST PLACES IN THE U.P.
REPORTED 2 TO 6 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF BEFORE THE SNOW DIMINISHED
IN THE AFTERNOON ON 1/16. THERE WAS ANOTHER COLD FRONTAL PASSAGE ON
1/17... ACCOMPANIED BY SOME LOCALLY HEAVY SNOW AND FOLLOWED BY SOME
GENERALLY LIGHT LAKE EFFECT SNOWS THAT PERSISTED INTO EARLY 1/18. AS
MUCH AS 3 TO 6 INCHES OF SNOW FELL DURING THIS EVENT. MEAN DAILY
TEMPERATURES ON 1/16 THROUGH 1/18 AVERAGED WITHIN A COUPLE DEGREES
OF NORMAL.

THE NEXT DISTURBANCE DROPPING SOUTHEASTWARD IN THE NORTHWEST FLOW
ALOFT ON THE WESTERN FLANK OF THE DEEPENING EASTERN TROUGH DRAGGED
ANOTHER COLD FRONT ACROSS UPPER MICHIGAN EARLY ON 1/19. GUSTY
SOUTHWEST WINDS UP TO 35 TO 40 MPH DURING THE NIGHT ON 1/18-1/19
SHIFTED TO THE NORTHWEST FOLLOWING THE FRONTAL PASSAGE. AS MUCH AS 3
TO 4 INCHES OF SNOW FELL OVER THE KEWEENAW DURING THE FRONTAL
PASSAGE. COLDER AIR FLOWING ACROSS THE UPPER GREAT LAKES DROPPED A
NEAR NORMAL DAILY TEMPERATURE ON 1/19 TO 10 TO 20 DEGREES BELOW
AVERAGE ON 1/20 AND 1/21. MINIMUM TEMPERATURES ON 1/21 DIPPED AS LOW
AS -23 AT SOME OF THE COLDER INTERIOR LOCATIONS OVER THE EAST
CENTRAL U.P. LAKE EFFECT SNOW SHOWERS WERE COMMON IN THE NORTHWEST
WIND SNOW BELTS DOWNWIND OF THE BIG LAKE. AS MUCH AS 4 TO 7 INCHES
OF THE WHITE STUFF ACCUMULATED IN THESE AREAS THROUGH THIS TIME
BEFORE A HIGH PRESSURE RIDGE BROUGHT A BRIEF PERIOD OF QUIET WEATHER
LATE ON 1/21.

THICKENING CLOUDS AND THE ARRIVAL OF SOME LIGHT SNOW IN THE MORNING
OF 1/22 HERALDED THE APPROACH OF THE NEXT CLIPPER TYPE LOW PRESSURE
SYSTEM. THE PASSAGE OF THIS LOW AND ITS ATTENDANT COLD FRONT THROUGH
THE UPPER GREAT LAKES IN THE AFTERNOON WAS ACCOMPANIED BY PERIODS OF
HEAVY SNOW AND GUSTY WINDS TO 40 MPH. BEHIND THE LOW...NORTH WINDS
GUSTED AS HIGH AS 50 MPH OVER THE KEWEENAW DURING THE NIGHT ON 1/22-
1/23 WITH MODERATE TO HEAVY SNOW FALLING...RESULTING IN BLIZZARD
CONDITIONS. LAKE EFFECT SNOW SHOWERS AND BLOWING SNOW PERSISTED
THROUGH THE MORNING ON 1/23 BEFORE THE ARRIVAL OF A HIGH PRESSURE
RIDGE BROUGHT A DRYING TREND AND DIMINISHING WINDS IN THE AFTERNOON.
THE HEAVIEST SNOW DURING THIS EVENT OCCURRED OVER NORTHWEST UPPER
MICHIGAN...WHERE 6 TO 8 INCHES OF SNOW ACCUMULATED AT A NUMBER OF
PLACES. HERMAN OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN IN BARAGA COUNTY PICKED UP
THE MOST WITH 14.6 INCHES. OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL...LESS THAN 2
INCHES FELL AT MOST LOCATIONS. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES ON 1/22 AND
1/23 REMAINED WELL BELOW NORMAL...ABOUT 10 TO 15 DEGREES BELOW THE
30-YEAR AVERAGE.

CLEARING AND LIGHT WINDS ASSOCIATED WITH THE PASSAGE OF THE HIGH
PRESSURE RIDGE ALLOWED THE THERMOMETER TO TUMBLE WELL BELOW ZERO
DURING THE NIGHT ON 1/23-1/24 AND ALL TO THE WAY TO -24 AT A
LOCATION OVER THE INTERIOR EAST CENTRAL SOUTH OF MUNISING. GUSTY
SOUTHWEST WINDS...MORE CLOUDS AND SOME LIGHT SNOW ARRIVED DURING THE
DAY ON 1/24 AS YET ANOTHER COLD FRONT APPROACHED THE UPPER LAKES.
THE SOUTHWEST FLOW OVER THE RELATIVELY WARM WATERS OF LAKE MICHIGAN
CAUSED SOME HEAVIER SNOW DOWNWIND OF THAT BODY OF WATER...AND WINDS
GUSTING UP TO 45 MPH RESULTED IN EXTENSIVE BLOWING SNOW AND
LOCALIZED BLIZZARD CONDITIONS AS WELL. THE COLD FRONT BLEW ACROSS
UPPER MICHIGAN DURING THE NIGHT ON 1/24-1/25 ACCOMPANIED BY
NORTHWEST WINDS GUSTING UP TO 35-45 MPH...PERIODS OF MODERATE TO
HEAVY SNOW MAINLY IN THE NORTHWEST WIND SNOW BELTS AND MORE
EXTENSIVE BLOWING SNOW WITH NEAR BLIZZARD CONDITIONS. ALTHOUGH
TEMPERATURES AT DAYBREAK ON 1/25 WERE GENERALLY ABOVE ZERO...THE
STRONG NORTHWEST WINDS STILL CAUSED WIND CHILLS TO FALL AS LOW AS
-25 TO -30 TOWARD DAYBREAK ON 1/25 AND INTO THE AFTERNOON. THE
MODERATE TO HEAVY LAKE EFFECT SNOW SHOWERS PERSISTED THROUGH THE DAY
AS WELL...BUT AN APPROACHING HIGH PRESSURE RIDGE CAUSED THE SNOW TO
DIMINISH A BIT IN THE AFTERNOON ON 1/25 BEFORE ENDING AS THE RIDGE
PASSED OVERHEAD DURING THE NIGHT ON 1/25-1/26. ADDITIONAL SNOWFALL
ON 1/24 AND 1/25 WAS 4 TO 8 INCHES AT MANY PLACES NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR
AND UP TO 9.3 INCHES AT PAINESDALE IN HOUGHTON COUNTY. AREAS OVER
THE SOUTH CENTRAL PICKED UP NO MORE THAN 1 TO 2 INCHES. THE
THERMOMETER AVERAGED 5 TO 10 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL ON 1/24 AND 1/25.

THE NEXT IN THE LINE OF CLIPPER TYPE LOWS TRACKED THROUGH NORTHERN
WISCONSIN ON 1/26...BRINGING PERIODS OF SNOW TO UPPER MICHIGAN AND A
FEW INCHES ACCUMULATION. FOLLOWING THE DEPARTURE OF THIS LATEST
CLIPPER...ANOTHER BITTERLY COLD AIRMASS SURGED INTO UPPER MICHIGAN
DURING THE NIGHT ON 1/26-1/27 ON THE HEELS OF NORTHWEST WINDS
GUSTING AS HIGH AS 40 TO 50 MPH NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR. MEAN DAILY
TEMPERATURES AROUND 15 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL ON 1/26 TUMBLED TO 20 TO
25 DEGREES BELOW AVERAGE ON 1/27 AND 1/28. ON BOTH THESE DAYS...THE
MERCURY FAILED TO RISE ABOVE ZERO AT MANY LOCATIONS. READINGS TOPPED
OUT NO HIGHER THAN -9 AT WATTON IN BARAGA COUNTY ON 1/27 AND -3 AT
STAMBAUGH AND WAKEFIELD IN GOGEBIC COUNTY ON 1/28. THE LOWEST
MINIMUM TEMPERATURES ON 1/27 AND 1/28 WERE -16 AT IRONWOOD AND -22
AT AMASA IN IRON COUNTY AND GARDEN CORNERS IN DELTA COUNTY ON 1/28.
THE COMBINATION OF THE GUSTY WINDS AND THESE FRIGID TEMPERATURES
DROPPED WIND CHILLS AS LOW AS 35 TO 45 BELOW MUCH OF THE TIME ON
1/27 AND 1/28. SINCE THE CORE OF THE COLDEST AIR SHIFTED TO THE EAST
ON 1/29...THE MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURE ON THAT DAY RECOVERED TO AROUND
5 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL.

LAKE EFFECT SNOW SHOWERS AND EXTENSIVE BLOWING AND DRIFTING SNOW
CAUSED BLIZZARD CONDITIONS AT SOME PLACES NEAR THE BIG LAKE ON 1/27
INTO 1/28...ESPECIALLY ACROSS ALGER COUNTY. HIGHWAY M-28 WAS CLOSED
BETWEEN HARVEY IN MARQUETTE COUNTY AND MUNISING THROUGH MUCH OF THE
MORNING ON 1/27. SNOW TOTALS ON 1/26 THROUGH THE NIGHT ON 1/28-1/29
RANGED FROM NO MORE THAN ABOUT AN INCH OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL TO AS
MUCH AS 6 TO 10 INCHES NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR EAST OF MARQUETTE...WHERE
MORE UPSTREAM OPEN WATER UPSTREAM ALLOWED FOR HEAVIER SNOW
SHOWERS...WHICH EXACERBATED THE BLOWING SNOW HAZARD IN ALGER COUNTY.
AS THE INCOMING ARCTIC HIGH CENTER OVER SOUTH CENTRAL CANADA DRIFTED
INTO THE MID MISSISSIPPI RIVER VALLEY THROUGH 1/29...THE LOW LEVELS
WINDS BECAME MORE WEST AFTER THE MORNING ON 1/27. LAKE EFFECT SNOW
SHOWERS THEREFORE BECAME CONFINED TO MAINLY THE KEWEENAW AND AREAS
NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR FROM GRAND MARAIS TOWARD WHITEFISH POINT.
ADDITIONAL LAKE EFFECT SNOW ON 1/27 INTO 1/29 WAS HELD DOWN BY THE
DRYNESS OF THE VERY COLD AIRMASS...WITH 2 TO 6 INCHES OF ADDITIONAL
SNOW IN THESE AREAS. WINDS GUSTING AS HIGH AS 50 MPH OVER THE
KEWEENAW LATER ON 1/28 CAUSED BLIZZARD CONDITIONS DURING THAT TIME.
AFTER THE DEPARTURE OF THE CLIPPER LOW...THE WEATHER ACCOMPANYING
THE BITTER COLD OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL WAS CLEAR TO PARTLY CLOUDY
AND DRY.

AS THE COLD HIGH PRESSURE SYSTEM DRIFTED TO THE EAST AND A COLD
FRONT APPROACHED FROM THE WEST...CLOUDS BEGAN TO THICKEN AND SOUTH
WINDS INCREASED DURING THE NIGHT ON 1/29-1/30. WIND GUSTS REACHED 45
TO 50 MPH OVER THE EAST DOWNWIND OF LAKE MICHIGAN. SO ALTHOUGH
TEMPERATURES WERE NOT AS LOW AS THE NIGHT BEFORE...THE GUSTY WINDS
MAKE THE AIR FEEL COLDER. THE WINDS DIMINISHED DURING THE DAY ON
1/30 AS THE FRONT LIMPED EAST THROUGH UPPER MICHIGAN...BUT A LOW
PRESSURE SYSTEM RIDING ALONG THIS BOUNDARY BROUGHT A LIGHT TO
MODERATE SNOW TO THE ENTIRE U.P. BY THE TIME THE SNOW DIMINISHED
DURING THE EVENING ON 1/30...MOST PLACES HAD PICKED UP 3 TO 6 INCHES
OF THE WHITE STUFF. BUT AS MUCH AS 9 INCHES ACCUMULATED JUST SOUTH
OF WETMORE NEAR THE ALGER-DELTA COUNTY LINE. OVER THE KEWEENAW
FARTHER FROM THE LOW TRACK...ONLY 1 TO 3 INCHES FELL. A WEST TO
NORTHWEST FLOW OF ARCTIC AIR BEHIND THE LOW AND FRONTAL PASSAGE
CAUSED SOME LAKE EFFECT SNOW SHOWERS TO DEVELOP DURING THE NIGHT ON
1/30-1/31 AND THROUGH 1/31. BUT EXPANDING ICE OVER LAKE SUPERIOR
LIMITED SNOW TOTALS TO NO MORE THAN A FEW INCHES. THE WEATHER TURNED
MOSTLY CLEAR AWAY FROM THE FAVORED SNOW BELTS. A NEAR NORMAL MEAN
DAILY TEMPERATURE ON 1/30 FELL OFF TO 10 TO 15 DEGREES BELOW AVERAGE
ON 1/31 AS THE COLDER AIR SURGED BACK INTO THE UPPER LAKES.

                           MARCH FORECAST

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING A GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF A BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURE BUT
AN EQUAL CHANCE OF ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY PRECIPITATION OVER
ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN MARCH 2014.

                         MARCH CLIMATOLOGY

AS THE SUN CONTINUES ITS MARCH NORTHWARD DURING THE THIRD MONTH OF
THE YEAR...DAYLIGHT AND AVERAGE TEMPERATURES INCREASE STEADILY. THE
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE INCREASES FROM 666 MINUTES ON 3/1 TO 765 MINUTES
ON 3/31. ON 3/1...NORMAL MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM TEMPERATURES AT THE
MARQUETTE NWS ARE 30 AND 8...BUT REBOUND TO 40 AND 20 ON 3/31.
MONTHLY AVERAGE TEMPERATURES THROUGHOUT UPPER MICHIGAN ARE 8 TO 11
DEGREES HIGHER IN MARCH THAN FEBRUARY. REMEMBER TO TURN YOUR CLOCKS
AHEAD ONE HOUR AT 2 AM EST ON SUNDAY 3/9 AS MOST OF THE UNITED
STATES TRANSITIONS FROM STANDARD TIME TO DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME.
SPRING ARRIVES IN THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE THIS YEAR ON 3/20 AT 12:57
PM EDT.

SPRING OFTEN TEASES UPPER MICHIGAN RESIDENTS DURING MARCH WITH
RECORD HIGH TEMPERATURES REACHING WELL INTO THE 60S AND 70S COMMON
BY MONTH`S END. BUT IN MARCH 2012...UNPRECEDENTED WARMTH ARRIVED AT
MID-MONTH AS A SPRAWLING RIDGE OF HIGH PRESSURE DOMINATED THE GREAT
LAKES FOR ALMOST 3 WEEKS. MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURES ENDED UP 10 TO
16 DEGREES ABOVE THE LONG TERM AVERAGE...ENOUGH TO PLACE MARCH 2012
AS THE WARMEST THIRD MONTH ON RECORD ALMOST EVERYWHERE EXCEPT FOR
MANISTIQUE. DURING THE WARMEST STRETCH FROM 3/17 TO 3/21...MEAN
DAILY TEMPERATURES AVERAGED AN INCREDIBLE 35 TO 40 DEGREES ABOVE
NORMAL. MANY LOCATIONS REPORTED THE HIGHEST MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM
TEMPERATURE EVER OBSERVED IN MARCH DURING THIS WARM SPELL...
INCLUDING SOME DAYTIME HIGHS IN THE LOW 80S AND OVERNIGHT LOWS IN
THE 50S AND LOW 60S. HARVEY IN MARQUETTE COUNTY LOGGED THE HIGHEST
TEMPERATURE...AN INCREDIBLE 85 ON 3/21. SOME OF THESE DAYS WOULD
HAVE BEEN WARM BY MID-SUMMER STANDARDS. IN RECENT MEMORY...MARCH
2010...2000 AND 1995 WERE ALSO QUITE WARM AND AMONG THE TOP FIVE
WARMEST AT MANY SPOTS. THE EARLY ONSET OF 70- TO 75-DEGREE PLUS
TEMPERATURES BY 3/7 IN MARCH 2000 WAS ALMOST UNPRECEDENTED.

RECORD LOW SNOWFALL AT ALL LOCATIONS DURING MARCH IS AN INCH OR
LESS. MANY LOCATIONS SET THIS MONTHLY RECORD FOR LOW SNOWFALL IN THE
WARM AND DRY MARCH OF 2010. A STRONG EL NINO ALSO RESULTED IN VERY
LOW SNOW TOTALS IN MARCH 1973...WHEN EVEN NORMALLY SNOWY MUNISING
RECORDED A MEAGER 0.5 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF.

BUT WINTER CAN ALSO SHOW ITS NASTY SIDE DURING MARCH. EVEN ON
3/31...RECORD LOW TEMPERATURES REACH BELOW ZERO AT MANY PLACES...
INCLUDING -17 AT IRONWOOD (3/31/75). DURING THE VERY COLD MARCH
1965...RECORD LOW TEMPERATURES AT THE MARQUETTE NWS DROPPED TO -20
AS LATE AS 3/24/65. ON 3/7/84 (1984 FEATURED A VERY COLD MARCH WITH
TEMPERATURES AVERAGING OVER 6 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)...THE LOW
TEMPERATURE AT IRONWOOD PLUMMETED TO 34 BELOW ZERO. MARCH 2002
TEMPERATURES AVERAGED 5 TO 8 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. IRONWOOD OBSERVED
THE SECOND COLDEST MARCH ON RECORD SINCE 1901...AND THE MARQUETTE
NWS SAW ITS THIRD COLDEST MARCH. IN 2003...AN ARCTIC INVASION AT THE
BEGINNING OF THE MONTH DROPPED THE MERCURY AS LOW AS 42 BELOW ZERO
AT EWEN IN ONTONAGON COUNTY ON 3/3. THE -30 DEGREE LOW AT THE
MARQUETTE NWS ON THE SAME MORNING SMASHED NOT ONLY THE DAILY LOW
TEMPERATURE RECORD FOR 3/3 BUT ALSO THE ALL TIME LOW MARCH
TEMPERATURE EVER OBSERVED AT THAT SITE (-27 ON 3/1/1962). THIS COLD
WAVE HELPED DROP THE MARCH 2003 MONTHLY TEMPERATURE 2 TO 6 DEGREES
BELOW THE AVERAGE.

ALTHOUGH LAKE EFFECT SNOW BECOMES LESS LIKELY DURING MARCH AS LAKE
SUPERIOR TEMPERATURES USUALLY REACH THEIR LOWEST READINGS...AVERAGE
PRECIPITATION DURING MARCH IS MORE THAN DURING FEBRUARY BECAUSE THE
NORTHWARD MOVING JET STREAM BRINGS MORE STORMS TO THE UPPER GREAT
LAKES. THIS INCREASED STORMINESS RESULTS IN HIGHER AVERAGE SNOWFALL
AT INLAND LOCATIONS THAN IN FEBRUARY. THE AVERAGE MONTHLY SNOW AT
IRON MOUNTAIN DURING FEBRUARY IS 9.1 INCHES...BUT RISES TO 11.1
INCHES IN MARCH. HEAVY SNOW CAN FALL WHEN LARGE STORM SYSTEMS FUELED
BY THIS ACTIVE MARCH JET STREAM PUSH NORTHEAST FROM THE PLAINS INTO
THE GREAT LAKES. IN FACT...THE SNOWIEST DAY EVER AT THE MARQUETTE
NWS WAS 3/14/97...WHEN A POTENT LOW PRESSURE CENTER MOVED THROUGH
WISCONSIN AND DUMPED 26.2 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF...PUSHING THE
SNOW DEPTH TO A RECORD 63 INCHES ON 3/15/97. SINCE THE EARLY WINTER
IN 2001-2002 WAS SO WARM AND LAKE SUPERIOR WATER TEMPERATURES WERE
WELL ABOVE NORMAL LATE IN THE WINTER...HEAVY LAKE EFFECT SNOW FELL
IN MARCH 2002 ONCE VERY COLD AIR PUSHED SOUTH AND CONTRIBUTED TO A
RECORD MARCH SNOWFALL AT THE MARQUETTE NWS (83.1 INCHES)...NEWBERRY
(66.9 INCHES)...AND IRONWOOD (60.8 INCHES). A TOTAL OF 63.5 INCHES
OF SNOW SMOTHERED THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT IN MARCH 1976. DURING
THAT SAME MARCH...60.6 INCHES ACCUMULATED AT THE MARQUETTE NWS.

                 OUTLOOK FOR SPRING INTO EARLY SUMMER

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING A GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF A BELOW NORMAL 3-MONTH MEAN TEMPERATURE BUT
AN EQUAL CHANCE OF ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL 3-MONTH PRECIPITATION OVER
ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN THIS COMING APRIL THROUGH JUNE.

GO TO HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/CLIMATE/L3MTO.PHP TO ACCESS DETAILED
LOCAL THREE-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OUTLOOKS FOR A NUMBER OF SITES
IN UPPER MICHIGAN.

CHECK OUT HTTP://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT
THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER AND MORE LONG RANGE PREDICTIONS.

NOTE THAT STATISTICS FOR THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE IN
NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP ARE BASED ON RECORDS WHICH BEGAN IN OCTOBER 1961.
THIRTY YEAR NORMALS USED ARE FOR THE PERIOD OF 1981 THROUGH 2010.
NOTE ALL TEMPERATURES ARE IN FAHRENHEIT AND PRECIPITATION IS IN
INCHES. ALL CLIMATE DATA LISTED IN THIS PRODUCT ARE UNOFFICIAL. FOR
OFFICIAL DATA...PLEASE REFER TO THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER.
ALSO NOTE THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE DATA FROM CHIPPEWA AND
MACKINAC COUNTIES.

NWS MARQUETTE WEB PAGE IS AT HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/MQT (ALL LOWER
CASE). CONTACT THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER AT (828) 271-4800
OR WWW.NCDC.NOAA.GOV.

$$

KC





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