Climatological Report (Monthly)
Issued by NWS Marquette, MI

Home | Current Version | Previous Version | Graphics & Text | Print | Product List | Glossary On
Versions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50
000
CXUS53 KMQT 140156 AAC
CLMMQT

CLIMATE REPORT...PRELIMINARY
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MARQUETTE MI
955 PM EST SUN MAR 13 2016

...................................

...THE MARQUETTE MI CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF FEBRUARY 2016...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1961 TO 2016

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH              61   02/17/1981
 LOW              -34   02/17/1979
HIGHEST            50   02/27        24      26       24  02/28
                                                          02/10
LOWEST            -22   02/14         5     -27      -28  02/23
AVG. MAXIMUM     25.9              25.6     0.3     11.8
AVG. MINIMUM     10.9               5.3     5.6     -6.9
MEAN             18.4              15.5     2.9      2.4
DAYS MAX >= 90      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MAX <= 32     24              20.6     3.4       28
DAYS MIN <= 32     29              27.6     1.4       28
DAYS MIN <= 0       6              10.2    -4.2       22

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM         5.35   2002
 MINIMUM         0.48   1994
TOTALS           2.66              2.14    0.52     1.67
DAILY AVG.       0.09                MM      MM     0.06
DAYS >= .01        18              13.1     4.9       16
DAYS >= .10        10               5.5     4.5        7
DAYS >= .50         2               1.0     1.0        0
DAYS >= 1.00        0               0.2    -0.2        0
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    0.85   02/02 TO 02/03

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL           91.9   2002
TOTALS           35.8              35.9    -0.1     40.7
SINCE 7/1       100.1             152.4   -52.3    154.0
SNOWDEPTH AVG.     22                MM      MM       31
DAYS >= 1.0        11               8.0     3.0       12
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH        25   02/18                         37  02/09
                        02/17
                        02/11
 24 HR TOTAL      8.3   02/02 TO 02/03

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL    1347              1433     -86     1747
 SINCE 7/1       5767              6670    -903     7311
COOLING TOTAL       0                 0       0        0
 SINCE 1/1          0                 0       0        0
.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              MM
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    MM        DATE   MM
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    39/270    DATE  02/19

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)   MM
AVERAGE SKY COVER             MM
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR          MM
NUMBER OF DAYS PC            MM
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY        MM

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     MM

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM              0     MIXED PRECIP               0
HEAVY RAIN                0     RAIN                       0
LIGHT RAIN                3     FREEZING RAIN              0
LT FREEZING RAIN          4     HAIL                       0
HEAVY SNOW                0     SNOW                       0
LIGHT SNOW               28     SLEET                      2
FOG                       3     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE      0
HAZE                      0

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

...FEBRUARY 2016 MONTHLY CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR UPPER MICHIGAN...
/THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE CHIPPEWA AND MACKINAC COUNTIES/

...RELATIVELY WARM FOR A FOURTH MONTH IN A ROW...

...GENERALLY ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL ESPECIALLY
NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR...
...RECORD HIGHEST FEBRUARY SNOWFALL AT IRONWOOD...
...SIXTH HIGHEST FEBRUARY SNOWFALL AT NEWBERRY...

FEBRUARY CLIMATE STATISTICS FOR THE MARQUETTE NWS IN NEGAUNEE
TOWNSHIP

                                    NORMAL   DEPARTURE
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE         18.4     15.5   PLUS    2.9
AVERAGE HIGH TEMPERATURE    25.9     25.6   PLUS    0.3
AVERAGE LOW TEMPERATURE     10.9      5.3   PLUS    5.6
HEATING DEGREE DAYS         1347     1433  MINUS     86
COOLING DEGREE DAYS            0        0             0
TOTAL PRECIPITATION         2.66     2.14   PLUS   0.52
TOTAL SNOWFALL              35.8     35.9  MINUS    0.1

HIGHEST TEMPERATURE:                    50 ON 2/27
LOWEST TEMPERATURE:                    -22 ON 2/14
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY PRECIPITATION:  0.65 ON 2/3
GREATEST 24 HOUR PRECIPITATION:       0.85 ON 2/2-2/3
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY SNOWFALL:        7.1 ON 2/3
GREATEST 24 HOUR SNOWFALL              8.3 ON 2/2-2/3
GREATEST SNOW DEPTH                     25 ON 2/10...2/11...2/17
                                               AND 2/18
PEAK WIND SPEED:      39 MPH FROM THE WEST ON 2/19

DAILY RECORD HIGH MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 2/27...50 /OLD RECORD
                                                    47...1983/
DAILY RECORD PRECIPITATION ON 2/28...0.51 /0.43...1992/
---------------------------------------------------------------------
GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS (FEET/METERS ABOVE MEAN SEA LEVEL)

                            LAKE SUPERIOR  LAKE MICHIGAN-HURON
2/01/16 DAILY MEAN          602.10/183.58     579.21/176.60
2/29/16 DAILY MEAN          601.97/183.52     579.21/176.55
AVG JAN 2016 DAILY MEAN     602.19/183.59     579.29/176.55
AVG FEB 2015 DAILY MEAN     601.93/183.54     579.06/176.51
LONG TERM FEB DAILY MEAN    601.25/183.32     578.31/176.29
MAXIMUM FEB DAILY MEAN      602.46/183.70     581.07/177.18
                                (1986)           (1986)
MINIMUM FEB DAILY MEAN      599.61/182.83     576.08/175.57
                                (1926)           (1964)

...GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS HOLD NEARLY STEADY OR FALL SLOWLY BUT
REMAIN WELL ABOVE NORMAL IN FEBRUARY...

GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS FELL MORE SLOWLY THAN NORMAL THROUGH THE
MONTH OF FEBRUARY ON LAKE SUPERIOR AND IN FACT HELD NEARLY STEADY ON
LAKES MICHIGAN AND HURON AS RUNOFF FROM HEAVY DECEMBER RAINS
CONTINUED ALBEIT AT A REDUCED RATE. SO WATER LEVELS DURING FEBRUARY
REMAINED WELL ABOVE NORMAL. AT THE END OF FEBRUARY...WATER LEVELS ON
LAKE SUPERIOR WERE 8 TO 9 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL AND WITHIN AN INCH OF
THE LEVEL OBSERVED IN FEBRUARY 2015. THE LEVEL ON LAKES MICHIGAN AND
HURON WAS 10 TO 11 INCHES ABOVE AVERAGE ON 2/29 AND 1 TO 2 INCHES
HIGHER THAN IN FEBRUARY 2015.

ICE COVER ON THE GREAT LAKES WAS GREATLY LIMITED BY THE MILD WEATHER
THAT PREVAILED DURING THE SEASON. LAKE SUPERIOR ICE COVER WAS
RESTRICTED TO SOME OF THE NEARSHORE AREAS. ALTHOUGH SOME SIGNIFICANT
ICE COVER DEVELOPED ON THE BAY OF GREEN BAY...ICE COVER ON LAKE
MICHIGAN WAS ALSO RESTRICTED TO SOME OF THE NEARSHORE AREAS.

OBTAIN GREAT LAKES WATER LEVEL DATA AS REPORTED BY THE U.S. ARMY
CORPS OF ENGINEERS AT

HTTP://WWW.LRE.USACE.ARMY.MIL/MISSIONS/GREATLAKESINFORMATION/
       GREATLAKESWATERLEVELS/CURRENTCONDITIONS.ASPX (ALL LOWER CASE).
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                       FEBRUARY CLIMATE HIGHLIGHTS

HIGHEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...60 AT LA BRANCHE IN MENOMINEE COUNTY
                                AND RANDVILLE IN DICKINSON COUNTY
                                ON 2/27

LOWEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...-40 AT AMASA IN IRON COUNTY ON 2/14

HIGHEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...23.8 DEGREES AT MARQUETTE CITY

LOWEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...16.9 DEGREES AT CLARKSBURG
                              IN MARQUETTE COUNTY

HIGHEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...3.52 INCHES AT ATLANTIC MINE
                                 IN HOUGHTON COUNTY

LOWEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...0.51 INCH AT ESCANABA

HIGHEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...73.4 INCHES AT PAINESDALE IN HOUGHTON
                            COUNTY

LOWEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...8.4 INCHES AT ESCANABA

GREATEST SNOW DEPTH...52 INCHES AT PAINESDALE ON 2/9

LOWEST SNOW DEPTH...TRACE AT MENOMINEE ON 2/28

ALTHOUGH THERE WERE SOME NOTABLE ARCTIC AIR OUTBREAKS IN FEBRUARY...
MAINLY DURING THE SECOND WEEK...THE PREVAILING WEST-TO-EAST FLOW OF
RELATIVELY MILD PACIFIC AIR THAT PREVAILED MUCH OF THE MONTH RELATED
TO AN ONGOING STRONG EL NINO IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN RESULTED IN A
FOURTH CONSECUTIVE MONTH FEATURING AN ABOVE NORMAL AVERAGE
TEMPERATURE. THE OBSERVED FEBRUARY MEANS BETWEEN ABOUT 17 AND 24
DEGREES RAN 2 TO 4 DEGREES ABOVE THE MONTHLY NORMAL AND WERE ABOUT 1
TO 5 DEGREES HIGHER THAN THE OBSERVED JANUARY TEMPERATURES.

SINCE ONLY ONE LARGER-SCALE...MOISTURE-LADEN LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM
IMPACTED THE UPPER GREAT LAKES IN FEBRUARY...MONTHLY PRECIPITATION
AND SNOWFALL ENDED UP BELOW NORMAL OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL AWAY FROM
LAKE SUPERIOR MOISTENING AND ENHANCEMENT. IN FACT...MANY LOCATIONS
OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL FROM CRYSTAL FALLS AND IRON MOUNTAIN TO
ESCANABA AND MENOMINEE PICKED UP NO MORE THAN 0.50 TO 1.00 INCH OF
WATER EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION THE ENTIRE MONTH...AS LITTLE AS 50 TO
75 PERCENT OF NORMAL. THESE PLACES MEASURED 8 TO 12 INCHES OF
SNOW...NOT FAR FROM THE LOWER SNOW TOTALS THAT ARE TYPICAL IN THIS
AREA DURING FEBRUARY.

BUT THE MOISTENING AND DESTABILIZATION ASSOCIATED WITH THE
RELATIVELY WARM WATERS OF THE GREAT LAKES ENHANCED PRECIPITATION AND
SNOW TOTALS AWAY FROM THE SOUTH CENTRAL THAT ACCOMPANIED THE PASSAGE
OF THE MORE FREQUENT WEAKER AND MOISTURE-STARVED DISTURBANCES. MOST
OTHER LOCATIONS REPORTED ABOVE TO WELL ABOVE NORMAL FEBRUARY
PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL. IRONWOOD LOGGED A MONTHLY RECORD 61.7
INCHES OF SNOW...MORE THAN DOUBLE THE FEBRUARY NORMAL NEAR 28
INCHES. NEWBERRY PICKED UP 41.4 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF...THE
SIXTH HIGHEST FEBRUARY TOTAL ON RECORD FOR THAT LOCATION. HOUGHTON
AND MUNISING ALSO REPORTED WELL ABOVE NORMAL SNOWFALL IN FEBRUARY...
WITH 51.5 AND 42.1 INCHES RESPECTIVELY. ALTHOUGH THESE SNOWFALLS ARE
NOT IN THE LIST OF TOP 10 FEBRUARY TOTALS FOR THESE PLACES...THEY
ARE 150 TO 175 PERCENT OF THE MONTHLY AVERAGE. THE 2.92 INCHES OF
WATER EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION THAT FELL AT HOUGHTON IN FEBRUARY IS
ALSO MORE THAN DOUBLE THE FEBRUARY NORMAL.

THE PREVAILING MILD WEST-TO-EAST UPPER FLOW TRANSITIONED TO ONE THAT
FEATURED A TROUGH OVER CENTRAL AND EASTERN NORTH AMERICA FROM 2/4
UNTIL 2/18. AS THIS UPPER TROUGH BEGAN TO DEEPEN IN THE PLAINS EARLY
IN FEBRUARY...A DEEPENING LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM THAT DEVELOPED IN THE
SOUTHERN PLAINS ON 2/1 MOVED NORTHEAST THROUGH THE SOUTHERN PLAINS
ON 2/2 AND INTO THE CENTRAL GREAT LAKES ON 2/3. THIS LOW PRESSURE
SYSTEM DROPPED SOME HEAVY SNOW OVER MAINLY WESTERN AND NORTH CENTRAL
UPPER MICHIGAN...WHERE SNOW TOTALS EXCEEDED 10 INCHES AT MANY PLACES
BY THE TIME THE PRECIPITATION DIMINISHED TO LAKE EFFECT SNOW SHOWERS
LATE ON 2/3. PAINESDALE IN HOUGHTON COUNTY REPORTED THE MOST SNOW
WITH NEARLY 18 INCHES. OVER THE SOUTHEAST HALF...2 TO 6 INCHES OF
SNOW WAS COMMON. NORTHWEST WINDS GUSTING UP TO 40 MPH ON 2/3 CAUSED
CONSIDERABLE BLOWING SNOW...ESPECIALLY IN OPEN AREAS NEAR LAKE
SUPERIOR. AHEAD OF THE APPROACHING LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM...RELATIVELY
MILD PACIFIC AIR WAS IN PLACE...LIFTING MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES ON
2/1 AND 2/2 UP TO 10 TO 15 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL. THEN AS COLDER AIR
RETURNED IN ITS WAKE...THE MERCURY DIPPED TO 5 TO 10 DEGREES ABOVE
NORMAL ON 2/3...ABOUT 5 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL ON 2/4 AND THEN TO NEAR
5 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL ON 2/5...WHEN MORNING LOW TEMPERATURES FELL
CLOSE TO -10 AT SOME OF THE COLDER INTERIOR LOCATIONS AWAY FROM LAKE
EFFECT SNOW SHOWERS THAT FELL DOWNWIND OF LAKE SUPERIOR ON 2/4 AND
2/5.

THERE WERE PERIODS OF SOME SIGNIFICANT LAKE ENHANCED SNOW IN THE
NORTH FLOW THAT FOLLOWED THE PASSAGE OF A LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM
THROUGH THE UPPER LAKES ON 2/8 AND PERSISTED INTO 2/11. A NUMBER OF
THE HIGHER TERRAIN LOCATIONS NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR SAW SIGNIFICANT SNOW
IN EXCESS OF 10 INCHES ON 2/8 INTO 2/11. IRONWOOD WAS BURIED UNDER
34 INCHES OF SNOW DURING THIS PERIOD...AND PAINESDALE REPORTED
ALMOST 26 INCHES. GUSTY WINDS UP TO 40 MPH CAUSED MORE BLOWING SNOW
NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES THAT RAN AS HIGH AS 10
TO 15 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL ON 2/6 AND 2/7 IN THE RELATIVELY MILD
SOUTHWEST FLOW AHEAD OF THE APPROACHING LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM FELL TO
5 TO 10 DEGREES BELOW AVERAGE ON 2/9 THROUGH 2/11 AS COLDER AIR
FOLLOWED THE DEPARTING LOW.

THE DEEPENING TROUGH ALLOWED SEVERAL CANADIAN AIRMASSES TO SINK INTO
THE UPPER GREAT LAKES. THE COLDEST OF THESE INVADED THE AREA ON
2/12. NORTH WINDS GUSTING UP TO 40 TO 45 MPH DURING THIS ARCTIC
SURGE ALSO CAUSED SOME MODERATE TO HEAVY LAKE EFFECT SNOW NEAR LAKE
SUPERIOR...MAINLY TO THE EAST OF MARQUETTE. SNOWFALL WAS HEAVIEST
IN ALGER COUNTY...WHERE GRAND MARAIS REPORTED 18 INCHES AND MUNISING
12INCHES ON 2/12 INTO 2/13. THE BLIZZARD CONDITIONS RESULTING FROM
THE FALLING AND EXTENSIVE BLOWING SNOW WHIPPED UP BY THE GUSTY WINDS
ALSO RESULTED IN THE CLOSURE OF M-28 BETWEEN HARVEY IN MARQUETTE
COUNTY AND MUNISING FOR A TIME ON 2/12. OVER THE WEST...PAINESDALE
IN HOUGHTON COUNTY REPORTED THE MOST SNOW WITH NEARLY 9 INCHES.
AS ARCTIC HIGH PRESSURE BUILT INTO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES ON 2/13 AND
2/14...MINIMUM TEMPERATURES PLUMMETED WELL BELOW ZERO AT MANY
LOCATIONS. MORNING LOWS ON 2/13 AWAY FROM THE AREAS STILL PICKING UP
LAKE EFFECT SNOW SHOWERS FELL AS LOW AS -22 AT RANDVILLE IN
DICKINSON COUNTY. VALENTINE`S DAY MORNING WAS EVEN COLDER...WITH
SOME MINIMUMS UNDER -30 AND AS LOW AS -40 AT AMASA IN IRON COUNTY
EARLY ON 2/14. THE THERMOMETER AVERAGED A FRIGID 15 TO 20 DEGREES
BELOW NORMAL ON 2/12 THROUGH 2/14.

A SERIES OF DISTURBANCES MOVING THROUGH THE SLOWLY WEAKENING UPPER
TROUGH IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN NORTH AMERICA IMPACTED UPPER MICHIGAN
ON 2/15 THROUGH 2/17...CAUSING SOME PERIODS OF MAINLY LIGHT SNOW AND
LAKE EFFECT SNOW SHOWERS. LAKE EFFECT SNOW ACCUMULATIONS OF 2 TO 4
INCHES WERE COMMON FROM LATE ON 2/16 INTO 2/17 NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR
FOLLOWING THE PASSAGE OF ONE OF THE STRONGER DISTURBANCES AND ITS
ASSOCIATED COLD FRONT. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES UP TO 5 DEGREES ABOVE
NORMAL ON 2/15 AND 2/16 FELL OFF TO AROUND 5 DEGREES BELOW AVERAGE
ON 2/17 FOLLOWING THE INFLUX OF COLDER AIR BEHIND THAT FRONTAL
PASSAGE. BEFORE THE UPPER TROUGH WEAKENED FURTHER AND GAVE WAY AGAIN
TO THE PACIFIC WEST-TO-EAST FLOW...THE OVERNIGHT OF 2/17-2/18 WAS A
COLD ONE UNDER PASSING CANADIAN HIGH PRESSURE...WITH SOME OF THE
COLD SPOTS SEEING TEMPERATURES FALLING AS LOW AS ABOUT -15.

THE STRONG SOUTHEAST FLOW AHEAD OF A LOW PRESSURE APPROACHING FROM
MINNESOTA ON 2/19 BROUGHT A PERIOD OF MIXED PRECIPITATION DURING THE
NIGHT ON 2/18-2/19 THAT CHANGED TO RAIN AS WARMER AIR SURGED INTO
THE AREA. PRECIPITATION TOTALS FROM LATE ON 2/18 INTO 2/20 WERE
GENERALLY NO MORE THAN 0.25 TO 0.50 INCH. NEWBERRY REPORTED THE MOST
WITH 0.58 INCH. DURING THE PERIOD OF MIXED PRECIPITATION DURING THE
OVERNIGHT ON 2/18-2/19...FREEZING RAIN AT CHASSELL IN HOUGHTON
COUNTY CAUSED UP TO A QUARTER INCH OF ICE ACCUMULATION ON UNTREATED
SURFACES. LOW TEMPERATURES ON 2/19-2/20 REMAINED ABOVE FREEZING AT
MANY PLACES...ESTABLISHING NEW DAILY RECORD HIGH MINIMUM
TEMPERATURES FOR 2/20 AT A FEW SPOTS. NEAR NORMAL MEAN DAILY
TEMPERATURES ON 2/18 ROSE TO 15 TO 20 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL ON 2/19
AND 2/20 WITH THE INFLUX OF PACIFIC AIR. THE THERMOMETER READ CLOSER
TO NORMAL ON 2/21 AS SEASONABLY CHILLY AIR FOLLOWED THE DEPARTING
LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM...BUT ANY LAKE EFFECT SNOW WAS LIGHT.

AN ALBERTA CLIPPER TYPE LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM PASSING THROUGH
WISCONSIN BROUGHT 1 TO 3 INCHES OF SNOW TO MAINLY THE SOUTH HALF OF
THE U.P. DURING THE NIGHT ON 2/21-2/22. THEN MAINLY DRY AND
UNEVENTFUL WEATHER PREVAILED ON 2/22 INTO 2/24. MEAN DAILY
TEMPERATURES FOLLOWING THE DEPARTING CLIPPER FELL OFF TO ABOUT 5
DEGREES BELOW NORMAL ON 2/22. THE MERCURY REBOUNDED TO 10 TO 15
DEGREES ABOVE AVERAGE ON 2/23 AND 2/24 AS PACIFIC AIR RETURNED TO
THE UPPER LAKES. A STRONG COLD FRONT PASSED DURING THE NIGHT ON 2/24-
2/25...WITH NORTH WIND GUSTS UP TO 40 TO 45 MPH ADVECTING SOMEWHAT
COLDER AIR BACK INTO THE AREA. THERE WERE A COUPLE INCHES OF LAKE
EFFECT SNOW IN THE FAVORED SNOW BELTS MAINLY EAST OF MARQUETTE ON
2/25 INTO 2/26 AS MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES ON THOSE DAYS SANK TO
ABOUT 5 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL.


DESPITE THE OVERALL MONTHLY WARMTH...THE ONLY DAY THAT FEATURED
DAILY MAXIMUM TEMPERATURES OVER 50 WAS ON 2/27...WHEN A STRONG WEST
TO SOUTHWEST FLOW ON THE SOUTHERN FLANK OF LOW PRESSURE CROSSING
SOUTH CENTRAL CANADA DREW VERY WARM AIR INTO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES.
MANY PLACES AWAY FROM THE COOLING INFLUENCE OF THE GREAT LAKES SAW
THE MERCURY SURGE WELL INTO THE 50S UNDER A GOOD DEAL OF SUNSHINE...
ESTABLISHING NEW DAILY RECORD HIGH TEMPERATURES AT MANY LOCATIONS.
RANDVILLE IN DICKINSON COUNTY AND LA BRANCHE IN MENOMINEE COUNTY SAW
READINGS RISE TO THE MONTHLY MAXIMUM OF 60 DEGREES ON 2/27. MEAN
DAILY TEMPERATURES RAN ABOUT 20 DEGREES ABOVE AVERAGE ON 2/27. THIS
WARMTH ALMOST MELTED AWAY THE RELATIVELY LITTLE SNOW THAT REMAINED
ON THE GROUND ACROSS THE SOUTH CENTRAL.

A LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM TRACKING EAST ALONG A STALLED FRONT IN
WISCONSIN BROUGHT PERIODS OF LIGHT TO MODERATE SNOW THAT WERE MIXED
WITH SLEET OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL ON 2/28. MOST PLACES PICKED UP 2
TO 6 INCHES OF SNOW ON 2/28...BUT AS MUCH AS 7.7 INCHES FELL AT
NEWBERRY AND 7.2 INCHES AT HERMAN IN BARAGA COUNTY. A STRONG COLD
FRONT SWEPT ACROSS THE UPPER GREAT LAKES EARLY ON 2/29. ALTHOUGH
SNOW TOTALS ON LEAP DAY WERE GENERALLY NO MORE THAN 1 TO 4 INCHES...
THE COMBINATION OF THE FALLING SNOW THAT ACCOMPANIED THIS FRONT AND
EXTENSIVE BLOWING SNOW WHIPPED UP BY NORTHWEST WINDS GUSTING AS HIGH
AS 50 TO 55 MPH CAUSED NEAR BLIZZARD CONDITIONS ALONG AND RIGHT
BEHIND THE FRONTAL PASSAGE. HIGHWAY M-28 BETWEEN HARVEY AND MUNISING
WAS CLOSED FOR A TIME IN THE AFTERNOON ON 2/29 DUE TO THESE
DANGEROUS CONDITIONS. THE ARRIVAL OF DRIER AIR AND WEAKER WINDS
RESULTED IN IMPROVING WEATHER LATER IN THE DAY. MEAN DAILY
TEMPERATURES AROUND 5 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL FELL TO 5 TO 10 DEGREES
BELOW AVERAGE ON 2/29 WITH THE SURGE OF COLDER AIR INTO THE UPPER
LAKES.
---------------------------------------------------------------------
SOME OTHER TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION OBSERVATIONS ACROSS UPPER
MICHIGAN IN FEBRUARY 2016 INCLUDE:

IRONWOOD...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 18.3 /3.4 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
           PRECIPITATION 2.56 INCHES /1.29 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL/
           SNOWFALL 61.7 INCHES /33.5 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL/

WATERSMEET (GOGEBIC COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.53 INCHES
                              SNOWFALL 19.6 INCHES

GREENLAND (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 23.4 DEGREES
                               PRECIPITATION 3.10 INCHES
                               SNOWFALL 43.6 INCHES

BERGLAND DAM (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 17.7 DEGREES
                                  SNOWFALL 36.3 INCHES

HOUGHTON COUNTY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 20.2 /3.3 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
 AIRPORT          PRECIPITATION 2.92 INCHES /1.55 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL/
                  SNOWFALL 51.5 INCHES /20.6 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL/

ATLANTIC MINE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 3.52 INCHES
                                  SNOWFALL 56.0 INCHES

PAINESDALE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...SNOWFALL 73.4 INCHES

COPPER HARBOR...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 23.1 DEGREES

JACOBSVILLE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 20.2 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 2.37 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 28.5 INCHES

BARAGA...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 21.6 DEGREES
         PRECIPITATION 2.24 INCHES
         SNOWFALL 27.3 INCHES

HERMAN (BARAGA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 17.2 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 2.62 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 46.3 INCHES

CLARKSBURG (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 16.9 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 1.71 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 23.9 INCHES

BIG BAY (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 22.9 DEGREES
                             PRECIPITATION 3.31 INCHES
                             SNOWFALL 33.4 INCHES

MARQUETTE CITY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 23.8 /3.1 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
                 PRECIPITATION 2.26 INCHES /0.95 INCH ABOVE NORMAL/
                 SNOWFALL 21.7 INCHES /1.0 INCH ABOVE NORMAL/

CHATHAM (ALGER COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 21.2 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 2.54 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 32.9 INCHES

MUNISING...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 22.8 /3.4 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
           PRECIPITATION 3.04 INCHES /1.03 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL/
           SNOWFALL 42.1 INCHES /15.6 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL/

GRAND MARAIS...SNOWFALL 44.5 INCHES
(10 MILES SOUTH)

NEWBERRY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 21.5 /2.8 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
           PRECIPITATION 2.51 INCHES /0.65 INCH ABOVE NORMAL/
           SNOWFALL 41.4 INCHES /17.7 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL/

STAMBAUGH (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 17.1 DEGREES
                          PRECIPITATION 0.94 INCH
                          SNOWFALL 12.9 INCHES

AMASA (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 17.7 DEGREES
                      PRECIPITATION 1.34 INCHES
                      SNOWFALL 19.5 INCHES

FORD AIRPORT...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 21.3 DEGREES
 NEAR IRON MOUNTAIN

IRON MOUNTAIN...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 21.3 /3.8 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
                PRECIPITATION 0.70 INCH /0.30 INCH BELOW NORMAL/
                SNOWFALL 10.7 INCHES /2.0 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL/

NORWAY (DICKINSON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 22.8 DEGREES
                            PRECIPITATION 0.80 INCH
                            SNOWFALL 12.4 INCHES

DAGGETT (MENOMINEE COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 0.99 INCH

MENOMINEE...PRECIPITATION 0.58 INCH
            SNOWFALL 8.7 INCHES

ESCANABA...PRECIPITATION 0.51 INCH
           SNOWFALL 8.4 INCHES

GLADSTONE (DELTA COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.17 INCHES
                           SNOWFALL 15.0 INCHES

GARDEN CORNERS (DELTA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 21.6 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 1.47 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 18.5 INCHES

COOKS (SCHOOLCRAFT COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.80 INCHES
                             SNOWFALL 17.7 INCHES

MANISTIQUE...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 22.6 /3.3 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL/
             PRECIPITATION 1.43 INCHES /0.29 INCH ABOVE NORMAL/
             SNOWFALL 15.0 INCHES /0.4 INCH ABOVE NORMAL/

                          MARCH FORECAST

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING A GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF AN ABOVE NORMAL MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURE
DUE TO THE ONGOING STRONG EL NINO BUT EQUAL CHANCES OF ABOVE AND
BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY PRECIPITATION OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN
MARCH 2016.

                        MARCH CLIMATOLOGY

AS THE SUN CONTINUES ITS MARCH NORTHWARD DURING THE THIRD MONTH OF
THE YEAR...DAYLIGHT AND AVERAGE TEMPERATURES INCREASE STEADILY. THE
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE INCREASES FROM 666 MINUTES ON 3/1 TO 765 MINUTES
ON 3/31. ON 3/1...NORMAL MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM TEMPERATURES AT THE
MARQUETTE NWS ARE 30 AND 8...BUT REBOUND TO 40 AND 20 ON 3/31.
MONTHLY AVERAGE TEMPERATURES THROUGHOUT UPPER MICHIGAN ARE 8 TO 11
DEGREES HIGHER IN MARCH THAN FEBRUARY. REMEMBER TO TURN YOUR CLOCKS
AHEAD ONE HOUR AT 2 AM EST ON SUNDAY 3/13 AS MOST OF THE UNITED
STATES TRANSITIONS FROM STANDARD TIME TO DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME.
SPRING ARRIVES IN THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE THIS YEAR ON 3/20 AT 12:30
AM EDT.

SPRING OFTEN TEASES UPPER MICHIGAN RESIDENTS DURING MARCH WITH
RECORD HIGH TEMPERATURES REACHING WELL INTO THE 60S AND 70S COMMON
BY MONTH`S END. BUT IN MARCH 2012...UNPRECEDENTED WARMTH ARRIVED AT
MID-MONTH AS A SPRAWLING RIDGE OF HIGH PRESSURE DOMINATED THE GREAT
LAKES FOR ALMOST 3 WEEKS. MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURES ENDED UP 10 TO
16 DEGREES ABOVE THE LONG TERM AVERAGE...ENOUGH TO PLACE MARCH 2012
AS THE WARMEST THIRD MONTH ON RECORD ALMOST EVERYWHERE EXCEPT FOR
MANISTIQUE. DURING THE WARMEST STRETCH FROM 3/17 TO 3/21...MEAN
DAILY TEMPERATURES AVERAGED AN INCREDIBLE 35 TO 40 DEGREES ABOVE
NORMAL. MANY LOCATIONS REPORTED THE HIGHEST MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM
TEMPERATURE EVER OBSERVED IN MARCH DURING THIS WARM SPELL...
INCLUDING SOME DAYTIME HIGHS IN THE LOW 80S AND OVERNIGHT LOWS IN
THE 50S AND LOW 60S. HARVEY IN MARQUETTE COUNTY LOGGED THE HIGHEST
TEMPERATURE...AN INCREDIBLE 85 ON 3/21. SOME OF THESE DAYS WOULD
HAVE BEEN WARM BY MID-SUMMER STANDARDS. IN RECENT MEMORY...MARCH
2010...2000 AND 1995 WERE ALSO QUITE WARM AND AMONG THE TOP FIVE
WARMEST AT MANY SPOTS. THE EARLY ONSET OF 70- TO 75-DEGREE PLUS
TEMPERATURES BY 3/7 IN MARCH 2000 WAS ALMOST UNPRECEDENTED.

RECORD LOW SNOWFALL AT ALL LOCATIONS DURING MARCH IS AN INCH OR
LESS. MANY LOCATIONS SET THIS MONTHLY RECORD FOR LOW SNOWFALL IN THE
WARM AND DRY MARCH OF 2010. A STRONG EL NINO ALSO RESULTED IN VERY
LOW SNOW TOTALS IN MARCH 1973...WHEN EVEN NORMALLY SNOWY MUNISING
RECORDED A MEAGER 0.5 INCH OF THE WHITE STUFF.

BUT WINTER CAN ALSO SHOW ITS NASTY SIDE DURING MARCH. EVEN ON
3/31...RECORD LOW TEMPERATURES REACH BELOW ZERO AT MANY PLACES...
INCLUDING -17 AT IRONWOOD (3/31/75). DURING THE VERY COLD MARCH
1965...RECORD LOW TEMPERATURES AT THE MARQUETTE NWS DROPPED TO -20
AS LATE AS 3/24/65. ON 3/7/84...THE LOW TEMPERATURE AT IRONWOOD
PLUMMETED TO 34 BELOW ZERO. IN 2003...AN ARCTIC INVASION AT THE
BEGINNING OF THE MONTH DROPPED THE MERCURY AS LOW AS 42 BELOW ZERO
AT EWEN IN ONTONAGON COUNTY ON 3/3. MORE RECENTLY...MARCH 2014
FEATURED LENGTHY PERIODS DOMINATED BY ARCTIC AIRMASSES. THE MEAN
MONTHLY TEMPERATURE THEN RAN 9 TO 13 DEGREES BELOW THE LONG TERM
AVERAGE...EARNING THAT MONTH THE TITLE OF THE COLDEST MARCH ON
RECORD AT IRONWOOD...THE MARQUETTE NWS...MUNISING...MANISTIQUE AND
ONTONAGON AND AS ONE OF THE TOP FIVE COLDEST ELSEWHERE ACROSS UPPER
MICHIGAN.

ALTHOUGH LAKE EFFECT SNOW BECOMES LESS LIKELY DURING MARCH AS LAKE
SUPERIOR TEMPERATURES USUALLY REACH THEIR LOWEST READINGS AND ICE
COVER PEAKS...AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DURING MARCH IS MORE THAN DURING
FEBRUARY BECAUSE THE NORTHWARD MOVING JET STREAM BRINGS MORE
MOISTURE-LADEN LOW PRESSURE SYSTEMS TO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES. THIS
INCREASED STORMINESS RESULTS IN HIGHER AVERAGE SNOWFALL AT INLAND
LOCATIONS THAN IN FEBRUARY. THE AVERAGE MONTHLY SNOW AT IRON
MOUNTAIN DURING FEBRUARY IS 9.1 INCHES...BUT RISES TO 11.1 INCHES IN
MARCH. HEAVY SNOW CAN FALL WHEN LARGE STORM SYSTEMS FUELED BY THIS
ACTIVE MARCH JET STREAM PUSH NORTHEAST FROM THE PLAINS INTO THE
GREAT LAKES. IN FACT...THE SNOWIEST DAY EVER AT THE MARQUETTE NWS
WAS 3/14/97...WHEN A POTENT LOW PRESSURE CENTER MOVED THROUGH
WISCONSIN AND DUMPED 26.2 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF...PUSHING THE
SNOW DEPTH TO A RECORD 63 INCHES ON 3/15/97. SINCE THE EARLY WINTER
IN 2001-2002 WAS SO WARM AND LAKE SUPERIOR WATER TEMPERATURES WERE
WELL ABOVE NORMAL LATE IN THE WINTER...HEAVY LAKE EFFECT SNOW FELL
IN MARCH 2002 ONCE VERY COLD AIR PUSHED SOUTH AND CONTRIBUTED TO A
RECORD MARCH SNOWFALL AT THE MARQUETTE NWS (83.1 INCHES)...NEWBERRY
(66.9 INCHES)...AND IRONWOOD (60.8 INCHES). A TOTAL OF 63.5 INCHES
OF SNOW SMOTHERED THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT IN MARCH 1976. DURING
THAT SAME MARCH...60.6 INCHES ACCUMULATED AT THE MARQUETTE NWS.

               OUTLOOK FOR SPRING INTO EARLY SUMMER

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING A GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF AN ABOVE NORMAL 3-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE
AND BELOW NORMAL 3-MONTH PRECIPITATION OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN
APRIL THROUGH JUNE 2016. THESE FORECAST TEMPERATURE AND
PRECIPITATION ANOMALIES ARE DUE TO AN EXPECTED SLOWLY WEAKENING BUT
PERSISTENT EL NINO IN THE TROPICAL EASTERN PACIFIC OCEAN.

GO TO HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/CLIMATE/L3MTO.PHP TO ACCESS DETAILED
LOCAL THREE-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OUTLOOKS FOR A NUMBER OF SITES
IN UPPER MICHIGAN.

CHECK OUT HTTP://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT
THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER AND MORE LONG RANGE PREDICTIONS.

NOTE THAT STATISTICS FOR THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE IN
NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP ARE BASED ON RECORDS WHICH BEGAN IN OCTOBER 1961.
THIRTY YEAR NORMALS USED ARE FOR THE PERIOD OF 1981 THROUGH 2010.
NOTE ALL TEMPERATURES ARE IN FAHRENHEIT AND PRECIPITATION IS IN
INCHES. ALL CLIMATE DATA LISTED IN THIS PRODUCT ARE UNOFFICIAL. FOR
OFFICIAL DATA...PLEASE REFER TO THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER.
ALSO NOTE THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE DATA FROM CHIPPEWA AND
MACKINAC COUNTIES.

NWS MARQUETTE WEB PAGE IS AT HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/MQT (ALL LOWER
CASE). CONTACT THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER AT (828) 271-4800
OR WWW.NCDC.NOAA.GOV.

$$

KC



USA.gov is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.