Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 041057
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
656 AM EDT FRI SEP 04 2015


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID SEP 04/1200 UTC THRU SEP 07/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1...


...NORTHERN ROCKIES AND NORTHERN PLAINS....

THE UPPER AIR PATTERN WILL CONTINUE TO AMPLIFY WHILE SHOWING
LITTLE DOWNSTREAM PROGRESSION THROUGH FRIDAY NIGHT. THE TROUGH
ALONG THE WEST COST DIGS TO 3 STANDARD DEVIATIONS BELOW
CLIMATOLOGICAL 500 MB HEIGHTS...WITH GRADUAL GRADIENTS AND A
GENTLY SLOPING FRONTAL ZONE EXTENDING EAST TOWARD RIDGING IN THE
MIDWEST. LIGHT TO MODERATE PRECIPITATION WILL BE ORGANIZED ALONG A
MID-LEVEL FRONTAL ZONE IN THE NORTHERN ROCKIES...ESPECIALLY IDAHO
/ MONTANA...WITH UPPER FLOW BECOMING INCREASINGLY DIFLUENT BY THIS
AFTERNOON AS THE UPPER LOW DIGS INTO OREGON. THE LEADING FRONT AT
THE SURFACE WILL PUSH OUT INTO THE DAKOTAS...WHILE THE LARGE SCALE
FLOW CONTINUES TO STEER THE LOW-AMPLITUDE SHORTWAVE OUT OF THE
CENTRAL HIGH PLAINS AND INTO THE NORTHERN PLAINS TODAY. THIS
SHORTWAVE WILL ENCOUNTER GREATER MOISTURE AND DEEP-LAYER
INSTABILITY (MUCAPES AT LEAST 2500-3000 J/KG) POOLED ALONG THE
SURFACE FRONT IN ND/MN LATER THIS AFTERNOON INTO TONIGHT...WITH A
LIKELY ORGANIZED THUNDERSTORM EVENT ENSUING. PWS PEAKING BETWEEN
1.75-2.00 INCHES PER THE MODEL CONSENSUS WILL BE 3+ STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL FOR THE FAR NORTHERN PLAINS AND UPPER MS
VALLEY...AND MAY APPROACH THE DAILY MAX FOR INTERNATIONAL FALLS
(1.94"). LITTLE CHANGE WAS MADE TO THE PRIOR WPC QPF FROM 12Z FRI
- 12Z SAT...OUTSIDE OF PULLING THE 1+ INCH AREA A TAD FARTHER
SOUTH ACROSS NORTHWEST MN. DEPENDING ON THE MODEL TRENDS
(ESPECIALLY WITH THE CAM GUIDANCE)...WOULD NOT BE SURPRISED TO SEE
ADDITIONAL SOUTHWARD ADJUSTMENT OF THE HEAVIER RAINFALL
AXIS...TOWARD THE GREATER INSTABILITY AND NOSE OF THE LOW LEVEL
JET. HOWEVER...AT THIS POINT WOULD NOT EXPECT A SIGNIFICANT
SOUTHWARD SHIFT GIVEN THE MORE CAPPED ENVIRONMENT SOUTH OF THE
SURFACE FRONT.


...SOUTHWEST U.S...

THE MONSOON CONTINUES...WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES STILL
RUNNING A BIT ABOVE AVERAGE (1-2 STANDARD DEVIATIONS PER THE
ENSEMBLES)... INCLUDING A SUBTROPICAL CONNECTION TO HIGH ALTITUDE
MOISTURE STREAMING NORTH FROM TROPICAL STORM KEVIN AS PER THE
700-500 AND 500-300 CIRA LAYER PW LOOPS. THE SIGNAL FOR HEAVY
RAINFALL IS NOT AS EVIDENT BY BOTH THE GLOBAL AND CAM GUIDANCE AS
COMPARED TO YESTERDAY...THOUGH ONCE AGAIN ALSO REMAINS TIED TO THE
TOPOGRAPHY IN SOUTHEAST AZ INTO WESTERN NM AND
SOUTH-CENTRAL-CENTRAL CO. AS WAS NOTED IN THE PREVIOUS
DISCUSSION...A LIMITING FACTOR FOR WIDESPREAD HEAVY RAIN WILL BE
WEAK WINDS BELOW 600 MB...SO STORMS MAY BECOME OUTFLOW DOMINANT
RATHER QUICKLY. ISOLATED FLASH FLOODING WILL NEVERTHELESS BE
POSSIBLE...THOUGH CONSISTENT WITH THE PREVIOUS WPC QPF
AREAL-AVERAGE AMOUNTS ON A 5 KM SCALE WILL GENERALLY RANGE BETWEEN
.50-.75 INCH ALONG THE S/SW FACING SLOPES IN SOUTHEAST
AZ...WESTERN NM...AND SOUTH-CENTRAL CO.


DAYS 2/3...


...NORTHERN ROCKIES/NORTHERN PLAINS/UPPER MS VALLEY/MIDWEST...

DEEP MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY INTERACTS WITH A STRONG SHORT WAVE
CLOSING OFF OVER THE NORTHERN PLAINS DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. THE
COMBINATION OF MOISTURE...LIFT AND INSTABILITY COULD RESULT IN
HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ACROSS THE NORTHERN PLAINS AND UPPER
MS VALLEY DURING DAY 2...AND ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE MIDWEST AND
UPPER GREAT LAKES DURING DAY 3. FOR THE MOST PART...THERE WAS GOOD
MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE EVOLUTION OF THE MID LEVELS...THOUGH THE
00Z NAM IS SLOWER DURING DAY 2. BECAUSE OF THIS...THE WPC QPF WAS
BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
AN INITIAL SHORT WAVE TRACKING ACROSS THE CENTRAL AND NORTHERN
PLAINS AIDS IN CYCLOGENESIS ON A LOW LEVEL FRONTAL BOUNDARY OVER
SD...WHICH MOVES INTO SOUTHEAST ND LATE IN THE PERIOD. A
DEVELOPING 30 TO 40 KNOT LOW LEVEL RIDES UP AND OVER A FRONTAL
BOUNDARY ACROSS EASTERN ND AND CENTRAL AND NORTHERN MN.
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES BETWEEN 1.75 AND 2.00 INCHES (WHICH IS
BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) ARRIVE
ON THE NOSE OF THE LOW LEVEL JET...AND MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED
MODERATE TO STRONG INSTABILITY. THE RESULTANT CONVECTION IS
EXPECTED TO PRODUCE A LARGE AREA OF 1.25 TO 1.75 INCHES OF QPF
STRETCHING FROM FAR EASTERN ND AND INTO CENTRAL AND NORTHERN MN.

WHILE THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES GENERALLY RANGE
BETWEEN 2.50 AND 3.50 INCHES...HEAVY RAINFALL FROM DAY 1 COULD
LOWER THESE NUMBERS. THE HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT OF THE AIR SHOULD
RESULT IN HIGH RAINFALL RATES...SUGGESTING LOCAL RAINFALL AMOUNTS
ABOVE THE WPC BASIN AVERAGED QPF. DUE TO THE ABOVE...A SLIGHT RISK
AREA WAS PLACED OVER EASTERN ND...FAR NORTHEAST SD...AND MUCH OF
CENTRAL AND NORTHERN MN.

FURTHER WEST...AN APPROACHING STRONG SHORT WAVE PROVIDES A LARGE
AREA OF SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT OVER MUCH OF CENTRAL AND EASTERN MT
INTO NORTHWEST ND. A STRENGTHENING LOW LEVEL INFLOW INFUSES 1.25
INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES INTO THE LOW AND MID LEVEL
FLOW...AND THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR A TROWAL FEATURE TO
FORM OVER THE ABOVEMENTIONED AREAS. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED
MARGINAL INSTABILITY LIFTED ABOVE THE SURFACE ACROSS EASTERN
MT...SUGGESTING ELEVATED INSTABILITY WILL BE AVAILABLE FOR HEAVY
RAIN PRODUCTION.

THE COMBINATION OF SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT...HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT AIR
(WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN OVER EASTERN MT)...ELEVATED INSTABILITY
AND SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT IN THE TROWAL ZONE IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE
A LARGE AREA OF 1.25 TO 1.75 INCHES OF QPF STRETCHED FROM WEST
CENTRAL MT ACROSS NORTHEAST MT INTO NORTHWEST ND. THREE HOUR FLASH
FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES ACROSS
NORTHERN MT...SO THE WPC QPF INDICATES THE POTENTIAL FOR FLOODING.
THE PRESENCE OF ELEVATED INSTABILITY SUPPORTS THE IDEA OF
CONVECTION...INCREASING THE POTENTIAL FOR FLASH FLOODING. DUE TO
THESE REASONS...A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS EXTENDED FROM WEST CENTRAL
MT THROUGH NORTHEAST MT INTO NORTHWEST ND.


DAY 3...
THE SURFACE LOW DEEPENS AS IT TRACKS INTO CENTRAL CANADA...AND THE
CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM TAKES MUCH OF THE SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT INTO
ALBERTA/MANITOBA. THE MAIN FOCUS FOR QPF WILL BE ALONG THE
TRAILING COLD FRONT THAT CROSSES THE UPPER MS VALLEY...UPPER GREAT
LAKES AND MIDWEST DURING DAY 3. AHEAD OF THE FRONT...A 30 TO 40
KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTH SOUTHWEST FLOW FUNNELS 1.75 TO 2.00 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES INTO IA/EASTERN MN AND WESTERN WI. MODEL
SOUNDINGS SHOWED MODERATE TO STRONG INSTABILITY ON THE NOSE OF THE
LOW LEVEL JET... CENTERED ON 07/00Z. THE BEST CONVECTIVE OCCURS
BETWEEN 06/21Z AND 07/06Z AHEAD OF THE FRONT...WHICH IS EXPECTED
TO PRODUCE A SWATH OF 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES OF QPF.

THE HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT AIR (WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES
BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) SUGGESTS
THE POTENTIAL FOR HIGH RAINFALL RATES...AND HIGHER QPF AMOUNTS
ALONG THE FRONT. MUCH OF THE 00Z GUIDANCE SHOWED MAXIMUM QPF
AMOUNTS NEAR 2.50 INCHES...MAINLY ACROSS IA. WHILE THE THREE HOUR
FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES GENERALLY RANGE BETWEEN 2.50 AND 3.50
INCHES...THE HIGH RAINFALL RATE POTENTIAL SUGGESTS A FLASH FLOOD
THREAT. WITH THIS IN MIND...A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS PLACED OVER
MUCH OF CENTRAL IA INTO SOUTHEAST MN AND A PORTION OF WESTERN WI.


...MID ATLANTIC/SOUTHEAST/GULF COAST...

A WEAK FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM A WEAK LOW OFF THE MID
ATLANTIC COAST FOCUSES MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY FOR CONVECTION
FROM NC ACROSS FL INTO THE GULF COAST STATES ON DAYS 2 AND 3.
THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH RESPECT TO THE
FRONTAL TIMING...SO THE QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
THE WEAK SURFACE LOW TRACKS OFF THE MID ATLANTIC COAST DURING DAY
2. A TRAILING FRONT SLOWS AS IT CROSSES NORTHERN FL INTO THE
EASTERN AND CENTRAL GULF COAST. AHEAD OF THE FRONT...A LOW LEVEL
EASTERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES OF 1.75 TO 2.00
INCHES ACROSS THE REGION.  MODEL SOUNDINGS ACROSS MUCH OF NORTHERN
AND CENTRAL FL AND SOUTHEAST GA SHOWED MODERATE
INSTABILITY...PEAKING AROUND 06/00Z. THE RESULTANT CONVECTION
SHOULD PRODUCE A LARGE AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS
SOUTHEAST AL...SOUTHERN GA AND NORTHERN AND CENTRAL FL AHEAD OF
THE FRONT. LARGE SCALE MID LEVEL RIDGING SHOULD PRECLUDE SYNOPTIC
SCALE LIFT FOR ADDITIONAL DEEP CONVECTION...SO WHILE LOCALLY HEAVY
RAINFALL IS POSSIBLE...ORGANIZED FLASH FLOODING IS NOT EXPECTED.

DAY 3...
THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY WEAKENS AS IT CROSSES MUCH OF CENTRAL FL
DURING DAY 3. THE MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY PROFILES ARE SIMILAR TO
THOSE OF DAY 2...DISPLACED FURTHER SOUTH WITH THE FRONT. THE MAIN
FOCUS FOR CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO BE THE GULF COAST FROM
SOUTHEAST LA ACROSS MUCH MUCH OF FL. IN THESE AREAS...0.10 TO 0.25
INCHES OF QPF ARE EXPECTED...WITH LOCAL 0.50 INCH AMOUNTS
POSSIBLE. FURTHER NORTHEAST...LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE ALONG THE
FRONT AND WEAKENING SURFACE WAVE SHOULD FOCUS MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY FOR CONVECTION ALONG THE NC/SC COASTS. A LARGE AREA OF
0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED IN THESE AREAS.


...CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES/SOUTHWEST...

A MONSOONAL FLOW REMAINS IN PLACE ACROSS THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN
ROCKIES INTO THE SOUTHWEST STATES DURING DAY 2. THE FLOW BECOMES
DISPLACED DURING DAY 3...WITH THE MAIN THRUST OF MOISTURE SHUNTED
TO THE WEST ACROSS SOUTHWEST AZ/SOUTHEAST CA. FOR THE MOST
PART...THERE WAS GOOD AGREEMENT AMONG THE 00Z MODELS CONCERNING
THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND
OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS. THE 00Z NAM WAS USED TO BETTER DELINEATE
HIGHER TERRAIN QPF...DUE TO ITS HIGHER RESOLUTION.

DAY 2...
MONSOONAL MOISTURE (AUGMENTED BY KEVIN...AS SEEN ON THE LATEST
HIGH AND MID LEVEL LAYERED PRECIPITABLE WATER IMAGES) CONTINUES
ACROSS THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES AND THE SOUTHWEST DURING
DAY 2. WEAK SHORT WAVES RIDING THROUGH THE MID LEVEL WEST
SOUTHWEST FLOW PROVIDE LOCAL LIFT FOR SMALL CONVECTIVE COMPLEXES
OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF SOUTH CENTRAL NM AND THE SAN JUAN
MOUNTAINS IN CO. INSTABILITY IS MARGINAL...FUELED BY STEEPENING
MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES...AND DEVELOPING CONVECTION SHOULD TAKE
ADVANTAGE OF THE AVAILABLE MOISTURE (IN THE FORM OF PRECIPITABLE
WATER VALUES BETWEEN 0.75 AND 1.00 INCHES). LOCAL CONVECTIVE
CLUSTERS SHOULD PRODUCE 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF IN THE
ABOVEMENTIONED LOCATIONS...WITH LOCAL 0.35 INCH AMOUNTS POSSIBLE
OVER THE SAN JUAN RANGE. LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE DUE
TO THE MONSOONAL MOISTURE INFLUX...BUT AT THIS TIME...NO ORGANIZED
FLASH FLOODING IS EXPECTED.

DAY 3...
THE MONSOONAL FLOW BECOMES DISPLACED TO THE WEST ACROSS SOUTHWEST
AZ AND SOUTHEAST CA DURING DAY 3. THE MONSOONAL CONTRIBUTION
BECOMES LIMITED ACROSS NM DURING THIS TIME...SO CONVECTION SHOULD
BE WIDELY SCATTERED DURING THIS TIME. BECAUSE OF THIS...QPF WAS
LIMITED TO 0.10 INCHES OR LESS ACROSS SOUTHEAST AZ AND SOUTHERN NM.


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST...

SHORT WAVES CONTINUE TO CROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST DURING DAYS 2
AND 3. THE SHORT WAVES INTERACT WITH MOISTURE AND MARGINAL
INSTABILITY TO PRODUCE QPF...MAINLY DURING DAY 3. THERE WAS DECENT
MODEL AGREEMENT WITH RESPECT TO THE TIMING OF THE SHORT WAVES...SO
THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS. THE 00Z NAM
WAS USED TO BETTER DELINEATE HIGHER TERRAIN QPF...DUE TO ITS
HIGHER RESOLUTION.

DAY 2...
THE FIRST SHORT WAVE IN THE WAKE OF THE LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSING
THE NORTHERN ROCKIES ENTERS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST COAST BETWEEN
06/06Z AND 06/12Z. AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE...A 15 TO 20 KNOT LOW
LEVEL WESTERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR AN
INCH TO THE WA COAST. THE COLUMN AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE IS
STABLE...SO THE COMBINATION OF SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH
THE SHORT WAVE AND UPSLOPE FLOW SHOULD FOCUS MOISTURE ON THE
OLYMPIC RANGE IN WA...WHERE 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED.

DAY 3...
MOISTURE (IN THE FORM OF PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES BETWEEN 0.75
AND 1.00 INCHES) AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE REACHES THE REMAINDER OF
THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST DURING DAY 3. THE LOW LEVEL WEST NORTHWEST
FLOW FOCUSES THE MOISTURE ON THE HIGHER TERRAIN. MID LEVEL HEIGHTS
LOWER WITH THE APPROACH OF THE SHORT WAVES...STEEPENING LAPSE
RATES AND RESULTING IN MARGINAL INSTABILITY ACROSS THE NORTHERN WA
CASCADES. STRIPES OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF WERE PLACED OVER
THE OLYMPICS AND CASCADES OF WA...WITH LOCAL 0.50 INCH AMOUNTS
EXPECTED IN NORTHWEST WA.


HURLEY/HAYES


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV



24HR QP VT 05/12Z
 0.01 237047 224053 218066 226083 232085 239087 245090 252093
      256097 265103 275111 281115 285116 299118 302119 305121
      312122 320124 325129 331132 338134 346136 348136 349134
      354130 359128 367129 371129 374133 377133 379125 380116
      376111 382101 386096 391093 394099 393106 390113 390117
      394118 400116 404114 409110 413104 417099 419092 420087
      419085 415083 416080 415073 414071 415067 417066 418060
      418057 415054 406046 397045 391046 384046 378044 373040
      367039 362042 358046 353049 347050 334053 330053 328055
      323059 318062 314062 311064 303063 297060 290060 286062
      278063 275064 271062 265060 260057 250050 237047
 0.01 558927 558910 556902 556894 551882 547872 544868 540871
      533875 525880 518883 514886 510887 502892 495896 488901
      481904 478906 473907 464909 459910 455907 447902 443899
      440895 436892 432888 429885 427881 423876 421872 419865
      419857 420846 423841 427841 435845 439849 441854 443858
      447858 453857 457862 462858 465848 464836 460829 457825
      453823 445817 435815 427812 422810 420808 420805 421796
      417786 418774 420764 424754 423751 420750 416749 415742
      413738 411737 404744 397751 391756 382760 369762 357765
      351767 347769 340776 335783 325798 318803 309809 301806
      304803 305800 303797 299796 290798 286797 287794 291788
      296780 301772 308764 311760 312755 313749 311743 306736
      303733 297734 291739 287745 283754 280762 279772 278782
      277786 276788 275786 271783 269785 267791 262792 258794
      255797 252800 251807 251811 254816 262821 266824 268828
      267833 269837 276852 277874 276883 273891 267898 264905
      260915 261921 264923 270925 274925 287925 292927 293935
      294938 292942 290945 286954 284959 281962 278965 272966
      269967 264967 255969 253976 255979 258981 267980 277981
      282979 286979 292977 295974 303969 308962 310956 311951
      311943 312937 315925 316919 315913 312905 309894 306885
      307881 307875 304865 304860 308858 306855 306849 310841
      316836 324830 333831 334839 336841 335844 334849 336855
      337857 341857 346855 348852 360838 365837 371837 376842
      383848 389852 390858 394861 399860 401859 402861 403866
      401867 405877 409884 415889 418893 420898 423902 427905
      436910 444915 448919 447926 445937 430947 426949 425954
      424960 424964 423967 426971 430972 441972 448971 453970
      456971 455973 448977 441983 439986 439993 439000 441003
 0.01 441003 444007 449010 459015 468018 469021 467023 465028
      462033 459039 457042 457048 457062 458074 460087 457091
      452093 447094 442093 437102 440106 442109 441113 444125
      435144 433149 432152 434155 439165 439170 437171 435170
      432169 427169 418185 412195 406204 403208 401214 402219
      405224 409229 411233 414236 417237 419240 427243 430240
      432236 433233 437232 447230 452230 457229 466226 470223
      474222 479221 483222 490222 496223 498219 499214 498208
      495205 487201 479207 469209 460211 457209 455207 455204
      461195 470191 477187 483183 490175 500173 504173 507177
      509181 512186 515192 518196 525193 526188 529188 537183
      539179 541171 542165 541156 539144 534133 531130 526127
      518122 516120 515117 515113 520104 524091 528074 528069
      524065 517059 512049 509037 507032 509030 514024 521016
      528008 534998 538989 539982 542977 547967 549962 551957
      554947 556936 558927
 0.01 479238 480236 480234 479233 478232 476232 474233 473233
      471233 469234 468235 467236 465236 465237 467238 468238
      470239 472239 473240 475240 477239 479239 479238
 0.01 369736 368732 367731 363731 357732 352735 344741 341744
      338748 331755 328759 329764 334767 338767 344766 348763
      354762 357759 363749 367740 369736
 0.01 275003 274000 272998 266996 256988 252983 246980 240979
      235982 232989 232997 232001 234004 238008 249014 261019
      266019 267018 263014 259013 259010 264007 272005 275003
 0.25 538944 538937 536928 536917 536913 533907 529905 524905
      519906 515908 508913 501919 493921 482923 474925 470928
      467932 464942 461954 461956 464962 466964 468969 467975
      464978 458986 455990 455995 462999 470002 475004 478007
      481012 480019 474041 468065 467072 469075 474069 480059
      482055 485051 490043 494034 507021 512014 517007 527989
      531979 534970 537955 538944
 0.25 521149 522143 521138 517132 513126 510119 510114 510107
      512096 512088 511079 509076 505074 499071 490061 487059
      483060 482064 483067 487074 489081 488086 486090 482095
      473105 468110 462113 458118 455125 451132 447138 438148
      443151 451152 457150 463147 473140 481142 486145 499152
      506155 513155 521149
 0.25 455186 456180 456174 454172 450173 445177 441183 436189
      432195 430201 433205 437206 438209 445210 449205 452196
      455186
 0.25 406105 407103 407100 406099 404100 402101 402102 400103
      400104 398105 398106 396108 398110 400109 401109 402108
      404107 405106 406105
 0.25 402060 401057 397055 391057 385059 379060 372058 368057
      367054 361054 358056 359060 354066 349069 338073 331077
      326080 323086 323091 325098 323103 322107 324110 328110
      330108 331111 331114 327115 327118 327122 330124 332123
      335121 339121 345123 347122 348117 346110 345106 347102
      351098 353096 354091 359089 363089 365092 367098 371103
      374102 375098 376093 378090 383086 393081 397075 398069
      402060
 0.25 391780 390780 388780 387781 386782 385782 383784 381785
      380787 382788 383788 384788 385787 387786 388785 388784
      390783 390782 391780
 0.25 388799 385796 382796 379797 374795 368796 362803 356804
      351802 347806 348813 350817 352824 354826 357825 361823
      365818 368813 374806 377801 378799 379803 383805 387802
      388799
 0.25 305752 306748 304744 302743 298744 297746 296750 295752
      295756 297760 299761 302760 304758 305755 305752
 0.25 311824 305821 299818 293816 290813 286812 280813 275811
      273812 275816 278822 283819 289820 294824 297826 302827
      311825 311824
 0.25 301903 299899 295897 296892 298888 300882 300876 298871
      294870 289878 283885 278895 275899 274904 274908 276910
      281910 285913 290915 293911 298910 301903
 0.25 292088 292081 288079 279077 269076 259076 257077 257080
      259083 266088 268091 265093 266097 270099 277104 282103
      284099 282094 285092 289091 292088
 0.25 295851 295845 294840 291836 288833 286830 282827 279827
      280834 281838 283842 285846 287850 290854 294853 295851
 0.25 268806 267804 265802 263801 261801 261800 259800 257801
      257803 258805 260807 262808 263808 265808 267808 268806
 0.25 253006 253004 253003 252002 251001 249000 247999 246998
      244997 242998 240999 240000 240002 242003 243004 244004
      245005 247006 249006 251006 253007 253006
 0.50 531955 532942 532931 530923 528915 524916 519919 513921
      507922 484931 478934 474937 471943 469950 468955 469960
      472965 474970 471977 468983 466991 470995 475998 485005
      489010 486015 484018 484024 484030 486031 494024 500021
      504018 512009 516002 518996 522981 528968 530960 531955
 0.50 509141 510133 508129 504122 502111 501106 502101 504089
      503087 501087 498088 492094 487099 476111 466122 460128
      455134 453139 458140 463137 470133 476134 485138 492142
      499145 503145 507144 509141
 0.50 446199 448197 448194 448192 447191 445191 444194 444196
      444198 444199 446199 446199
 0.50 397062 396061 395061 394062 393062 391063 390063 389065
      388066 388068 389069 391068 393066 394065 395064 396063
      397062
 0.50 383079 384072 382068 378066 375064 370062 367061 364063
      364068 367071 371074 372078 373083 377085 381083 383079
      383079
 0.50 369802 369801 367802 367804 369803 369802
 0.50 342116 342113 340111 339111 337113 336113 335115 335117
      336118 338118 340117 342116 342116
 0.50 339098 340096 340093 339091 337090 335088 335087 335086
      334084 332085 332086 333088 333089 335090 335091 335093
      335095 335097 336098 338098 339098
 0.50 296882 294882 294883 296883 296882
 0.50 291891 291887 287887 285889 284893 282896 281898 280900
      280904 281906 284908 286909 288908 289904 289902 290897
      291893 291891
 1.00 523947 522941 519939 514934 507930 503930 501932 494938
      489942 481947 476952 475957 477960 479965 479967 474987
      475990 478993 481995 485996 490995 493994 499990 502988
      505984 509978 518963 520960 521953 523947
 1.00 377080 379078 378076 378073 377071 376070 376069 375068
      373066 371065 370066 371067 372068 373069 373071 374073
      374075 374076 375078 376080 377080 377080
 1.50 506957 504954 502955 496952 490952 483954 483962 482966
      483969 483976 482979 481986 484989 489985 491980 494978
      499975 502967 505958 506957
 2.00 491967 491965 491964 489964 488964 489967 489968 491967
      491967

24HR QP VT 06/12Z
 0.01 462329 464325 467318 468314 471309 473305 476299 478295
      481291 483289 487287 491288 495288 500289 505291 509293
      511293 525257 519249 517244 516238 511230 504223 498215
      491208 481206 474209 470211 467214 468218 471221 474222
      475225 472230 469232 464234 461236 459241 455253 450263
      448268 446275 441285 439300 440304 442305 445302 448298
      451299 450302 449310 447323
 0.01 561947 553829 550824 546821 542818 538818 527819 519826
      511833 504839 498847 492857 473850 468848 463848 456854
      449863 445867 438868 433869 431873 433878 437878 439880
      442880 445886 448892 449897 449905 449910 448913 444924
      430939 426944 424949 420959 408975 405989 405994 406000
      409003 412003 419003 426004 431002 441002 445005 443009
      439014 437018 431026 430028 431031 433037 435040 440041
      447042 450046 453049 455051 455054 446059 443062 440069
      439071 439076 441081 444086 443089 438091 433090 429087
      426088 425096 427099 428103 425105 418103 411097 407092
      410087 417079 418074 417071 416055 412052 407051 393049
      387049 383051 379052 372051 361049 358048 355047 355039
      353035 349036 344028 339028 334030 330034 326037 320044
      306057 301061 296062 287065 281067 275065 267061 258055
      250049 236037 231036 229039 227043 225048 225056 228064
      233068 237074 243078 259085 265089 273090 307094 314099
      319104 326109 333112 341114 345114 347112 347103 350095
      351089 353087 358080 361079 365081 372085 376092 378094
      382094 383089 386086 391083 399081 406077 407080 406081
      404085 399092 397094 398098 393103 391109 389111 383115
      380115 381119 388121 402119 409116 413116 416118 419128
      420132 420138 418142 417148 413157 410164 409169 411172
      415179 416185 413193 417201 420209 422212 427214 432215
      434213 439210 451203 457199 462194 467187 472182 477179
      485177 491175 497172 508163 514158 517156 517152 517147
      518141 521133 526126 530119 532093 534081 535068 537057
      538043 541030 545014
 0.01 545014 545011 547009 548004 549001 550998 551993 552990
      553985 554982 555979 555974 556971 557966 558963 558958
      560955 560949 561947
 0.01 457810 457805 456802 452798 444790 440788 436792 427800
      423804 417808 403809 398808 394805 386797 378791 371792
      366795 361798 355801 354796 355790 359785 365780 368777
      371772 374765 374758 378748 379745 380740 379734 375722
      358707 354705 350706 347707 343708 343711 344718 344726
      340727 338726 331728 326730 317724 308719 303717 297717
      290718 284721 259731 252740 249749 247763 246768 247776
      249793 251799 248802 243807 242813 246823 259842 266851
      271860 273867 272872 271890 280914 284927 285941 288947
      290950 293950 296945 296949 296954 297956 301956 303954
      307952 310947 311939 313932 316926 323925 328928 331927
      331923 328919 317898 315893 316885 320875 323869 328864
      334861 341861 353859 360851 364846 369843 374840 379841
      393840 398844 400844 400848 401865 405876 409882 413887
      422893 425890 425883 423878 419874 416868 416863 417858
      419853 422851 425853 437855 444854 449850 452847 455841
      457825 456817 457810
 0.01 330066 329064 327061 325061 323063 321065 319067 317069
      315071 313073 314075 318077 321076 323074 325072 327070
      329068 330066
 0.01 302781 301766 297754 290748 283748 277751 275754 273760
      271770 270783 269788 270792 273793 282795 292797 295798
      297796 299791 302781
 0.25 544920 542893 540880 539869 539863 538859 533854 528849
      523854 519863 515869 503879 495882 488881 481882 475887
      470895 466903 463910 459918 453925 448933 440945 435953
      432961 432973 434978 438979 443979 447980 455983 459989
      463998 466008 468016 466026 466036 466043 465050 461060
      457065 453066 451068 449114 447126 444137 442146 443155
      446164 447168 447175 446182 448181 454176 464166 471162
      478165 483167 487168 493166 500160 504154 508147 512138
      512133 511129 509125 508120 512112 516105 519096 522084
      524070 524054 522033 522030 523023 526015 529005 529994
      530983 532971 538952 540943 542935 544920
 0.25 505271 503262 498256 492252 484248 480247 477248 475251
      474256 478263 479267 482270 489273 493275 495274 502273
      505271
 0.25 382074 383072 382069 380067 378065 377065 375065 373065
      371066 370068 371069 372071 373071 374072 375073 376075
      377076 378076 379077 380076 381075 382074
 0.25 366741 365735 363733 359733 352734 345736 333740 324747
      322754 321761 321767 323773 328777 335775 345768 354761
      362752 366741
 0.25 359832 360829 358826 354824 351824 345823 342825 340830
      338834 339840 341843 345845 350844 354841 355839 358834
      359832
 0.25 332809 331804 328805 324811 314822 286818 281813 276809
      269806 264802 260802 258803 254805 253810 258816 264819
      277845 280853 284860 287866 287871 286875 278888 278890
      280894 282896 286896 289895 291896 293898 295895 299888
      302882 310869 313862 314854 316846 321842 323840 322836
      320827 332809
 0.25 330798 332796 330794 328796 328798 328801 329802 329800
      330798 330798
 0.25 285078 279077 274077 269076 263074 258070 253069 254072
      258076 262080 268082 275082 281081 285078
 0.25 250067 249062 246059 243056 240054 237051 232050 232054
      233058 235061 238065 242067 247068 250067
 0.50 534931 535917 535906 534896 534885 533872 531863 529862
      527865 525871 523881 519886 513890 508893 503898 497903
      491906 487905 485902 480902 476908 472914 467918 462923
      457930 450942 443953 441963 440968 442973 448976 456978
      462981 465985 469993 470000 473008 474013 473019 471027
      471034 471047 469056 466065 463071 459076 457080 457086
      455097 456108 457113 456119 454127 453137 456144 459147
      462147 469146 475146 481150 486154 492153 498149 501144
      503140 503135 501131 500126 510094 516080 518068 519056
      515014 513995 512982 513970 514957 518954 527942 532938
      534931
 0.50 349756 350749 348745 344743 341744 337748 335752 333756
      332761 336765 340765 343763 346761 349756 349756
 0.50 306856 305854 305852 304850 303849 302848 301848 300850
      299851 300852 300853 302854 302855 304856 305857 306857
      306856
 0.50 270816 270814 269813 269812 268810 267810 266808 265808
      263807 261806 260806 258807 258809 260811 260812 261813
      262814 264815 266816 268816 268817 270816 270816
 1.00 508053 510040 509028 506020 501016 495013 491005 490995
      488990 485988 481994 481001 482005 484008 483013 480022
      478032 478044 479054 479060 481064 487078 491080 493079
      499073 503067 506060 508053
 1.00 488134 490124 488116 484111 479114 475118 472121 468125
      466129 468132 471133 477135 484136 488134
 1.00 493960 493951 492944 489939 486936 481934 476934 471935
      467939 461945 458951 457957 461959 465962 468967 471967
      475967 479971 483973 487972 490966 492961 493960
 1.50 502039 502031 499024 494022 488021 484025 483030 484035
      486040 488048 489055 491057 493056 497050 499044 502039
 1.50 481954 481952 481949 479949 478947 477946 476947 474948
      472949 472950 473952 474952 476953 477952 478954 479956
      481957 481954

24HR QP VT 07/12Z
 0.01 479617 488619 491622 494626 498634 503641 512657 516665
      518671 519675 533732 538765 541780 546790 548793 550802
      551816 553846 554854 555858 558869 559875 560879 561896
      562902 564904 565908 564915 564923 564941 565952 566958
      566968 566973 567977 567982 566989 565007 565013 567019
      567028 566032 563032 562040 562054 562060 560065 557075
      556087 553100 550112 545120 542125 540129 532134 528137
      526143 524151 525159 525163 526168 527173 530184 532189
      530194 525206 521206 517204 513196 511192 509188 499172
      490160 483152 477150 473148 469145 466140 464126 462120
      460116 457104 456098 457091 457083 459079 462065 462057
      464055 468054 471049 475043 476039 475037 474030 473019
      471009 471006 474003 476999 476995 474989 470976 464967
      460962 457959 453958 450960 444964 436969 428973 418973
      412978 406983 403984 398985 388987 382990 375994 368996
      365994 365986 368974 375954 380942 380936 374936 355941
      332941 315945 301954 289962 288957 290952 292949 293944
      280928 276918 271911 266903 263899 260895 251892 240892
      234888 230882 228878 228874 232868 237862 240859 241857
      240854 236852 235848 231838 230826 231820 235818 243810
      242803 245799 248797 253797 266796 272794 272791 271789
      270779 277763 280756 284750 289744 294737 306722 311715
      313711 318708 326700 334694 338696 342695 345697 346701
      349707 353708 360713 363714 366718 369725 373737 374749
      373757 373769 372779 369789 363798 356806 352811 348812
      341812 337812 328815 325819 325823 326829 329832 334832
      339833
 0.01 339833 357819 364814 371812 373812 375815 379823 382829
      379834 377839 375842 372843 360850 347856 341860 337863
      330872 326876 322882 319890 319900 323914 331923 361929
      364927 367927 374927 381927 384925 387924 391922 393919
      397913 405903 409898 413893 421886 426881 428880 430876
      433866 435864 438863 442863 445860 449857 453853 457848
      467836 473825 481814 486808 487802 489783 491775 491764
      489756 486750 483744 479739 474737 468733 464726 463723
      464720 464711 466705 469699 471693 474686 474680 472675
      469667 467657 464637 466628 469621
 0.01 527252 524247 522242 515234 508225 504215 500211 495208
      489199 484199 480200 476204 471205 464209 458219 454229
      448243 446248 446252 446256 448256 453258 457255 460251
      464247 468245 473246 478248 482251 486256 491264 496275
      499286 502291 505295 510298
 0.01 225056 229065 234070 241077 247084 257098 261101 266103
      274101 277097 280096 289099 298101 312103 320100 326100
      330103 335110 339110 343105 347096 348090 344079 340067
      339062 340056 340049 342043 342038 344032 349022 351017
      350011 348011 349013 342013 338015 334019 331021 329025
      326033 314050 308057 303063 298064 292064 281064 274058
      265056 254054 250052 243051 234047 229046 227050
 0.25 559040 561029 561021 560004 560990 560981 559974 555938
      555920 557914 554909 548849 540815 538801 535784 531771
      530763 530754 527742 524730 519733 515738 512743 513751
      515765 517773 517782 517790 514795 509803 507813 505826
      503834 499838 493839 488838 482839 478842 473851 466872
      464878 461883 458886 455888 449891 445894 436901 419912
      406925 399931 394938 391941 389946 387952 388959 393961
      399965 402968 409968 437947 442944 446943 450943 455942
      460940 465938 471939 479944 488948 491950 494954 497957
      499962 502972 503978 502984 499989 497995 493000 492005
      490013 490030 489040 488045 486059 484073 485085 483096
      482102 482109 485115 488119 493121 499122 503125 508128
      513129 520127 533116 540109 544104 547098 551085 555070
      557056 559040
 0.25 517278 518273 518269 517266 514264 512263 509261 506259
      503260 504264 505266 506269 508272 509275 511278 513281
      516280 517278
 0.25 497252 494248 492243 489239 487236 484232 480230 477233
      476235 476238 478241 482242 485242 488244 491248 494252
      497252
 0.25 504730 503728 502728 501728 501731 503733 504731 504730
 0.25 498690 498685 497681 495678 494676 492674 490671 490675
      489678 489683 489688 491693 492695 495697 496696 497693
      498690
 0.25 356750 356743 355739 352734 349729 335719 328718 323719
      322724 321728 321735 323747 321758 318769 316779 313788
      311799 310804 313807 318807 322805 330799 337793 346787
      351782 355772 356750
 0.25 305081 305076 304074 300072 295071 288070 280070 272069
      264067 250060 244058 235056 233058 234060 239065 248075
      261083 277087 283089 288090 293090 299088 305083 305081
 0.25 310901 309899 306898 304899 302901 299903 297905 296908
      296912 297916 299918 301920 304918 306916 307914 308911
      309907 309903 310901
 0.25 295864 296853 294843 290836 282832 267828 262828 260831
      257834 256838 255846 254856 256865 259873 262880 267888
      278898 284900 286891 287883 289878 291874 295864
 0.25 269812 269810 267809 267808 265808 263807 262807 261807
      260807 258809 258811 258813 259813 260814 262815 264815
      265815 266814 268813 269812
 0.50 558032 559014 558001 558988 556975 540928 548911 546900
      545886 545870 545861 544851 542843 539838 534829 531825
      528822 521821 515825 511834 508846 506862 504878 500885
      497889 492890 489889 487887 487883 486877 483876 478882
      471890 467902 450904 442910 439913 436914 431920 427922
      423921 416920 411923 405931 400938 393945 392951 393956
      400954 413956 421951 429944 436937 445935 454931 461926
      466920 469917 471919 477928 482931 486932 494938 500944
      503949 504953 507963 510966 514966 516968 515970 514977
      513983 510990 505000 501010 498023 493047 491060 490072
      489087 489095 490102 491109 495113 506116 511117 516116
      522112 533103 540096 545084 549072 552058 555045 558032
 0.50 529947 529944 528943 527942 526941 525941 523941 523944
      522947 523949 523952 524952 525952 527951 527949 528948
      529947
 0.50 483859 482857 482854 480855 479857 478857 477860 476862
      476864 475865 475867 476868 477869 479868 480867 481866
      481864 482862 482861 483859
 0.50 350756 350748 348740 345736 341734 337736 333741 329749
      326760 326767 327775 327782 326788 328789 332785 339777
      345770 349760 350756
 0.50 297082 296078 294076 287075 281076 276075 272075 267072
      267077 272081 277082 284084 292084 297082
 0.50 290860 290855 289849 286843 282842 277843 272847 269849
      267852 265860 265870 268878 272883 277883 280881 282873
      285866 289860 290860
 0.50 263070 262069 260069 258069 260070 262072 263070
 0.50 256067 255067 253066 251066 251067 253067 255067 256067
 1.00 552026 552009 552998 550990 547985 544982 539980 536980
      533981 526988 518994 512004 508019 505032 502047 498061
      495079 495088 496095 500099 507100 515098 521096 525092
      532085 539075 543064 547049 550038 552026
 1.00 447925 448923 447921 445922 444923 443924 442925 443928
      445928 447926 447925
 1.00 428935 428933 426934 425935 424935 423936 421938 420940
      421942 423944 424943 425942 426941 426940 427938 428936
      428935
 1.00 417933 417931 416930 414929 412930 411931 410932 410933
      409935 409936 409937 410938 412937 414936 415935 416935
      417933
 1.00 340755 339753 338753 336753 335754 334756 333758 334761
      336762 337762 338762 339761 340760 340757 340756 340755
 1.50 546022 546011 543006 540004 534000 530999 528000 523000
      521002 520009 518015 517019 516025 516033 514038 511045
      507055 504065 503071 502078 503083 506085 511087 516086
      521083 525081 528077 536061 539052 542043 545033 546022
 2.00 540035 540027 538022 533020 532022 531026 528040 525044
      521048 518051 514056 512060 511069 513074 516078 520076
      524073 527069 529063 534051 538040 540035

$$




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