Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Duluth, MN

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FXUS63 KDLH 220920

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Duluth MN
420 AM CDT Wed Mar 22 2017

.SHORT TERM...(Today through Thursday)
Issued at 419 AM CDT Wed Mar 22 2017

Large ridge of high pressure has built into the forecast area
this morning, which has brought clear skies and falling
temperatures overnight. Many locations are in the single digits as
of 3 am, and expect many below zero values before morning. Today
this surface ridge is going to shift off to the southeast,
allowing south return flow to pick up over the forecast area. This
south flow will bring warmth and moisture will surge back into
the area from the south, but how quickly it moves in is the
question. Strong warm air advection pushes in above 850mb late
this afternoon, which is likely to spread mid and high clouds into
the forecast area. Despite the strong warm air advection, the
clouds are likely to limit heating today, and have only gone with
highs in the upper 20s to upper 30s, with the colder values across
the north where even if we do get the most amount of sunshine,
the below zero early morning min temps are going to keep temps
near or below freezing. Some high resolution models are bringing
some small pops in as early as this afternoon and evening.
However, from other models it appears the low layers are too dry,
and we are more likely to get increasing clouds and virga for this
afternoon and evening before we get enough moisture and lower
level convergence to produce snow later tonight to mainly the
eastern portions of the forecast area. Again, the drier air is
going to keep the pops in the slight to chance pop range.

Thursday our next strong storm system begins to move into the
area from the southwest. The strong warm, moist air advection
continues through a deep layer on Thursday, which should produce a
band of rain that moves across the forecast area during the day.
The warm air advection should bring temperatures aloft above
freezing, and with most of the forecast area above freezing when
this precipitation begins, have put in a mainly rain forecast,
with a little bit of mixed snow and rain for the far northeast
before surface temperatures rise. Have some likely pops in the
south for now, but we may need to expand these if the isentropic
lift continues to look good going into Thursday morning.

.LONG TERM...(Thursday night through Tuesday)
Issued at 419 AM CDT Wed Mar 22 2017

A few mid-level impulses and temperatures near or above seasonal
averages highlight the long-term forecast.

Thursday night and Friday morning start with chances of
precipitation situated over the Northland. A mid-level shortwave
trough with a good PVA maximum associated with it will translate
over the region during this time. Coupled with a deep saturated
profile up to 750 mb as indicated by the latest GFS/NAM model
soundings should provide ample moisture for precipitation. Analysis
of the thermal profiles for both the NAM and GFS show a bit of
uncertainty as the GFS is showing mostly rain through early Friday
morning, where the NAM is indicating more of a wintry mix. In any
case, the thermal profile is very close to the 0 degree isotherm, so
a small change in the temperature profile would change the p-types.
The NAM is the most concerning, especially over Price, Sawyer,
Ashland, and Iron counties in northwest Wisconsin as the thermal
profile is indicating a period of freezing rain. With sfc
temperatures expected to be either at or below freezing, and a
shallow cold layer of approximately 2000 ft, the NAM solution is the
most bullish with freezing rain. If this solution does come to
fruition, there could be some decent ice accumulation amounts across
these portions of northwest Wisconsin. However, aforementioned
uncertainty still exists, especially since it`s a few days out.
Farther north along northeast Minnesota, snow and sleet look to be
the more common p-types due to a deeper cold layer near the sfc.

POPs look to slowly decrease from north to south as the system
departs to the east. Precipitation should transition to all rain
during the day Friday as the low-level thermal profiles warm up.
Could be a lingering rain/snow mix over extreme southeast portions
of the forecast area Friday night into Saturday morning. Most of the
Northland looks to stay dry during the day Saturday before low-level
warm air advection and an inverted trough from a sfc low pressure
system that`s expected to translate across northern Missouri and
Illinois Saturday night through Sunday moves overhead. This wave
could bring another shot at some wintry mix precipitation across a
good portion of the Northland. A secondary shortwave looks to
develop out of Montana and bring yet another shot at precipitation.
This time, a rain/snow mix through Monday night. Drier conditions
are expected for Tuesday and Wednesday. High temperatures into the
lower to mid 40s are forecast for the entire long-term period, with
the only exception of upper 30s across the tip of the Minnesota


.AVIATION...(For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Thursday night)
Issued at 1226 AM CDT Wed Mar 22 2017

VFR conditions will prevail through the TAF period. Calms winds
overnight due to high pressure overhead, with southeast winds
increasing Wednesday - a few gusts approaching 20 knots possible at
BRD. Increasing clouds from west to east through the day, but likely
to remain VFR at most sites. MVFR ceilings may move into BRD and INL
late Wednesday evening, but not enough confidence in timing of these
lower clouds to including a prevailing MVFR ceiling just yet.


DLH  34  24  38  30 /   0  10  60  60
INL  35  27  43  28 /  10  10  40  40
BRD  37  30  41  32 /  10  10  50  50
HYR  38  27  39  32 /   0  20  50  70
ASX  38  23  41  31 /   0  20  50  60




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