Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Birmingham, AL

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DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BIRMINGHAM AL
845 AM CDT THU JUL 28 2016

...SEVERE DROUGHT PERSISTS IN NORTHEAST AND NORTHWEST PORTIONS OF
CENTRAL ALABAMA...

SYNOPSIS...SEVERE DROUGHT CONDITIONS CONTINUE IN PORTIONS OF
NORTHEASTERN AND NORTHWESTERN CENTRAL ALABAMA DUE TO RECENT BELOW
NORMAL RAINFALL. THE LATEST U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR NOW INDICATES THAT
SEVERE DROUGHT CONDITIONS EXIST TO THE RIGHT OF A LINE FROM NEAR
CENTRE TO HEFLIN TO ASHLAND TO LANETT AND ALSO IN PORTIONS OF ST.
CLAIR COUNTY. SEVERE DROUGHT IS ALSO INDICATED IN NORTHWEST PORTIONS
OF CENTRAL ALABAMA TO THE RIGHT OF A LINE FROM NEAR HACKLEBURG TO
BRILLIANT TO NEAR VERNON. A SMALL AREA OF EXTREME DROUGHT IS ALSO
NOW INDICATED NEAR THE MISSISSIPPI STATE LINE IN EXTREME WESTERN
MARION AND EXTREME NORTHWESTERN LAMAR COUNTIES. MODERATE DROUGHT IS
INDICATED ALONG AND NORTH OF A LINE FROM LIVINGSTON TO DEMOPOLIS TO
CLINTON TO BERRY TO WOODSTOCK TO CHILDERSBURG TO ROSELLE TO NEAR
MARTIN DAM TO GLENVILLE. REMAINING AREAS ARE INDICATED TO BE NEAR
NORMAL TO ABNORMALLY DRY.

THE DROUGHT MONITOR CLASSIFIES DROUGHT WITHIN ONE OF THESE FIVE
CATEGORIES:

D0...ABNORMALLY DRY
D1...MODERATE DROUGHT
D2...SEVERE DROUGHT
D3...EXTREME DROUGHT
D4...EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT

CLIMATE SUMMARY...

IN GENERAL BELOW NORMAL RAINFALL OCCURRED DURING MAY ACROSS MUCH OF
CENTRAL ALABAMA AND THIS PATTERN HAS CONTINUED THROUGH JUNE AND
JULY. EVEN THOUGH THERE HAS BEEN SOME RAINFALL ACROSS THE AREA
DURING THE PAST WEEK IT HAS NOT BEEN WIDESPREAD OR HEAVY ENOUGH TO
PRODUCE ANY MAJOR IMPROVEMENT IN THE DROUGHT CONDITIONS FOUND ACROSS
CENTRAL ALABAMA

SOME PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS (INCHES) FOR CENTRAL ALABAMA SINCE
JANUARY 1ST...

BIRMINGHAM    31.32
MONTGOMERY    30.57
ANNISTON      24.02
TUSCALOOSA    28.85
CALERA        27.16
TROY          29.25

NORMAL PRECIPITATION EXPECTED (INCHES) AND DEPARTURE FROM NORMAL
(INCHES) JANURARY 1ST THROUGH JULY 27TH...

BIRMINGHAM    32.57  DOWN 1.25
MONTGOMERY    32.17  DOWN 1.60
ANNISTON      31.06  DOWN 7.04
TUSCALOOSA    32.07  DOWN 3.22
CALERA        32.70  DOWN 5.54
TROY          32.64  DOWN 3.39

AGRICULTURAL IMPACTS...

THE LATEST UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (USDA) REPORTS
INDICATE THAT CROPS ARE SUFFERING BECAUSE OF HEAT STRESS AND DRY
CONDITIONS, AND THAT MORE RAIN AND COOLER WEATHER IS NEEDED.
PASTURES ARE HURTING IN SOME AREAS AND DRY CONDITIONS HAVE HAMPERED
SOYBEAN PLANTINGS. HOWEVER THERE HAS BEEN SOME SPOTTY IMPROVEMENT IN
AREAS THAT HAVE RECEIVED RAINFALL DURING THE PAST COUPLE OF WEEKS.

THE LATEST REPORTS FROM THE USDA (FROM JULY 25, 2106)

             PERCENT POOR OR WORSE     PERCENT FAIR OR BETTER

CATTLE                7                          93
PASTURE &            16                          84
RANGE
COTTON                5                          95
SOYBEANS             15                          85
PEANUTS               0                         100


FIRE DANGER IMPACTS...

THE FIRE DANGER RISK ACROSS CENTRAL ALABAMA HAS INCREASED DUE TO THE
RECENT BELOW NORMAL RAINFALL. KEETCH-BYRAM DROUGHT INDICES (KBDI)
GENERALLY RANGE FROM 300 TO 600 ACROSS THE NORTHERN TWO-THIRDS OF
CENTRAL ALABAMA AND 100 TO 300 IN THE SOUTHERN SECTIONS. VALUES
ABOVE 500 INDICATE A SEVERE FIRE DANGER.

THE ALABAMA FORESTRY COMMISSION REPORTS THAT THERE IS NO FIRE-ALERT
OR DROUGHT EMERGENCY CURRENTLY ISSUED. HOWEVER THE STATE FORESTER IS
STILL URGING EVERYONE TO USE ALL NECESSARY SAFETY PRECAUTIONS WHEN
DOING ANY TYPE OF OUTDOOR BURNING.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...

STREAM FLOWS REPORTED BY USGS GAGES ARE CURRENTLY RUNNING BELOW
NORMAL ACROSS MOST OF THE DROUGHT AREA DESPITE RECENT SPOTTY
RAINFALL.

IN GENERAL MOST MAJOR RESERVOIRS ARE NEAR THEIR SUMMER POOL LEVELS
ALTHOUGH SOME ARE BEGINNING TO SHOW SOME SMALL DECLINES...
ESPECIALLY IN THE TALLAPOOSA RIVER BASIN. LISTED BELOW ARE CURRENT
LEVELS FOR SOME OF THE MAJOR RESERVOIRS ACROSS CENTRAL ALABAMA AND
LEVELS FROM JULY 14TH:

RESERVOIR             LEVEL FOR 07/28/16     LEVEL FOR 07/14/16

WEISS                       563.2                   563.2
NEELY HENRY                 507.2                   507.2
LOGAN MARTIN                464.1                   464.2
LAY                         395.8                   395.9
MITCHELL                    311.8                   311.9
JORDAN                      251.5                   251.7
R.L. HARRIS                 791.7                   792.1
MARTIN                      488.2                   488.5
SMITH                       505.2                   506.7
BANKHEAD                    254.9                   254.9
HOLT                        186.7                   186.5

SOCIAL IMPACTS...

MOST AREA RESERVOIR LEVELS ARE AT OR NEAR THEIR SUMMER POOL
LEVELS...ALTHOUGH SOME HAVE FALLEN SLIGHTLY SINCE LAST WEEK.
CURRENTLY THERE IS NOT A SIGNIFICANT THREAT OF MUNICIPAL WATER
SHORTAGES.

PRECIPITATION AND TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...

WEAK TROUGHING ALOFT WILL PREVAIL INTO THE WEEKEND...ALLOWING FOR
PERIODIC WEATHER DISTURBANCES TO BRING SCATTERED SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS TO PORTIONS OF CENTRAL ALABAMA. HOWEVER...BY THE
MIDDLE OF NEXT WEEK UPPER LEVEL RIDGING IS FORECAST TO INCREASE
AGAIN ACROSS THE AREA BRINGING A RETURN TO SOMEWHAT HOTTER
TEMPERATURES AND SOMEWHAT LOWER RAIN CHANCES BACK TO THE AREA.
RAINFALL THROUGH THE MIDDLE OF NEXT WEEK IS FORECAST TO AVERAGE
AROUND AN INCH AND A HALF OR LESS ACROSS THE AREA...ALTHOUGH THERE
COULD BE SOME SPOTTY HEAVIER TOTALS.

THE TWO WEEK OUTLOOK...FROM AUGUST 2ND THROUGH AUGUST 10TH...CALLS
FOR ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION CHANCES
TRANSITIONING TO NEAR NORMAL PRECIPITATION CHANCES.

THE LONGER-RANGE OUTLOOK FOR THE REMAINDER OF AUGUST THROUGH OCTOBER
IS FOR ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND BELOW NORMAL CHANCES OF
PRECIPITATION.

THE LATEST SEASONAL DROUGHT OUTLOOK THROUGH OCTOBER INDICATES THAT
IN GENERAL DROUGHT CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED TO PERSIST ACROSS AREAS
CURRENTLY EXPERIENCING THEM IN CENTRAL ALABAMA...AND POSSIBLY
DEVELOP FARTHER SOUTHWARD ACROSS CENTRAL ALABAMA.

UPDATE STATEMENT...

THE NEXT STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED BY AROUND THURSDAY AUGUST 11TH.



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