Soaring Guidance
Issued by NWS Grand Junction, CO

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000
UXUS97 KGJT 291233
SRGGJT

Soaring Forecast
National Weather Service Grand Junction, Colorado
0633 MDT Sunday, May 29, 2016

This forecast is for Sunday, May 29, 2016:

If the trigger temperature of 72.5 F/22.5 C is reached...then
   Thermal Soaring Index....................... Excellent
   Maximum rate of lift........................ 1286 ft/min (6.5 m/s)
   Maximum height of thermals.................. 20414 ft MSL (15575 ft AGL)

Forecast maximum temperature................... 83.0 F/28.8 C
Time of trigger temperature.................... 1100 MDT
Time of overdevelopment........................ None
Middle/high clouds during soaring window....... Broken/overcast thin middle
Surface winds during soaring window............ 20 mph or less
Height of the -3 thermal index................. 15892 ft MSL (11052 ft AGL)
Thermal soaring outlook for Monday 05/30....... Excellent

Wave Soaring Index............................. Not available

Remarks...

Sunrise/Sunset.................... 05:51:17 / 20:31:50 MDT
Total possible sunshine........... 14 hr 40 min 32 sec (880 min 32 sec)
Altitude of sun at 13:11:44 MDT... 72.63 degrees

Upper air data from rawinsonde observation taken on 05/29/2016 at 0600 MDT

Freezing level.................. 12805 ft MSL (7966 ft AGL)
Convective condensation level... 15375 ft MSL (10536 ft AGL)
Lifted condensation level....... 16925 ft MSL (12085 ft AGL)
Lifted index.................... -3.6
K index......................... +19.2

Height  Temperature  Wind  Wind Spd  Lapse Rate  ConvectionT  Thermal  Lift Rate
ft MSL  deg C deg F   Dir   kt  m/s  C/km F/kft  deg C deg F   Index    fpm  m/s
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 50000  -56.5 -69.7   240   26   13  -2.3  -1.3  106.6 223.9    44.7      M    M
 45000  -56.6 -69.9   245   20   10   2.2   1.2   80.3 176.6    31.9      M    M
 40000  -64.6 -84.3   250   14    7  -5.0  -2.7   44.8 112.6    10.8      M    M
 38000  -60.9 -77.6   250   12    6   8.2   4.5   41.6 106.8     8.9      M    M
 36000  -56.0 -68.8   245   11    6   8.0   4.4   40.3 104.5     8.3      M    M
 34000  -51.5 -60.7   230   15    8   6.8   3.7   38.3 101.0     7.1      M    M
 32000  -46.7 -52.1   235   14    7   9.5   5.2   35.7  96.3     5.4      M    M
 30000  -41.2 -42.2   230   13    7   9.2   5.0   35.4  95.7     5.3      M    M
 29000  -38.6 -37.5   230   13    7   8.2   4.5   34.9  94.8     5.0      M    M
 28000  -36.2 -33.2   225   13    7   8.2   4.5   34.3  93.7     4.6      M    M
 27000  -33.8 -28.8   225   14    7   8.5   4.7   33.6  92.5     4.1      M    M
 26000  -31.3 -24.3   225   14    7   8.1   4.5   33.1  91.6     3.7      M    M
 25000  -28.6 -19.5   230   12    6   9.7   5.3   32.9  91.1     3.6      M    M
 24000  -26.4 -15.5   230   14    7   5.8   3.2   31.9  89.5     2.9      M    M
 23000  -24.6 -12.3   245   14    7   8.4   4.6   30.7  87.2     1.8      M    M
 22000  -22.3  -8.1   260   15    8   5.9   3.3   29.9  85.8     1.2      M    M
 21000  -20.2  -4.4   270   17    9   7.0   3.8   29.0  84.1     0.4      M    M
 20000  -17.8  -0.0   265   17    9   8.4   4.6   28.3  82.9    -0.2   1454  7.4
 19500  -16.6   2.1   260   17    9   7.5   4.1   28.0  82.5    -0.4   1400  7.1
 19000  -15.4   4.3   250   18    9   9.0   5.0   27.7  81.9    -0.7   1351  6.9
 18500  -14.2   6.4   250   18    9   8.2   4.5   27.5  81.5    -0.9   1298  6.6
 18000  -12.9   8.8   250   17    9   9.1   5.0   27.3  81.1    -1.2   1247  6.3
 17500  -11.1  12.0   260   19   10   9.3   5.1   26.8  80.3    -1.5   1169  5.9
 17000  -10.2  13.6   265   21   11   7.1   3.9   26.3  79.3    -2.1   1129  5.7
 16500   -9.2  15.4   270   19   10   7.2   3.9   25.8  78.5    -2.6   1083  5.5
 16000   -8.1  17.4   270   18    9   7.1   3.9   25.4  77.7    -3.0   1036  5.3
 15500   -7.0  19.4   275   16    8   8.9   4.9   25.1  77.1    -3.3    988  5.0
 15000   -5.6  21.9   275   15    8   9.3   5.1   25.0  77.0    -3.4    930  4.7
 14500   -4.1  24.6   265   13    7   8.8   4.8   24.9  76.9    -3.4    872  4.4
 14000   -3.0  26.6   255   12    6   8.1   4.5   24.7  76.4    -3.7    823  4.2
 13500   -1.7  28.9   250   10    5   9.1   5.0   24.5  76.0    -4.0    771  3.9
 13000   -0.4  31.3   240    9    5   9.0   5.0   24.3  75.8    -4.1    716  3.6
 12500    0.9  33.6   230    8    4   9.0   5.0   24.2  75.6    -4.3    661  3.4
 12000    2.3  36.1   220    7    4   9.0   5.0   24.2  75.5    -4.4    607  3.1
 11500    3.6  38.5   215    7    3   9.0   5.0   24.0  75.2    -4.6    552  2.8
 11000    4.9  40.8   210    6    3   9.0   5.0   23.9  75.0    -4.7    497  2.5
 10500    6.3  43.3   205    6    3   9.0   5.0   23.8  74.8    -4.9    442  2.2
 10250    6.9  44.4   200    6    3   8.7   4.7   23.7  74.7    -4.9    415  2.1
 10000    7.6  45.7   195    6    3   8.4   4.6   23.6  74.5    -5.1    389  2.0
  9750    8.2  46.8   180    6    3   8.5   4.6   23.5  74.3    -5.2    363  1.8
  9500    8.8  47.8   170    6    3   8.4   4.6   23.4  74.2    -5.3    336  1.7
  9250    9.4  48.9   160    7    4   8.4   4.6   23.3  74.0    -5.4    310  1.6
  9000   10.1  50.2   150    8    4   8.5   4.6   23.2  73.8    -5.5    284  1.4
  8750   10.7  51.3   150   10    5   8.4   4.6   23.1  73.6    -5.6    258  1.3
  8500   11.3  52.3   155   13    7   8.7   4.8   23.0  73.4    -5.8    232  1.2
  8250   11.9  53.4   155   15    8   7.4   4.0   22.9  73.2    -5.9    206  1.0
  8000   12.3  54.1   155   18    9   4.2   2.3   22.6  72.7    -6.2    186  0.9
  7750   12.6  54.7   155   17    9   3.6   2.0   22.1  71.8    -6.7    171  0.9
  7500   12.8  55.0   155   15    8   3.0   1.6   21.6  70.9    -7.2    156  0.8
  7250   13.1  55.6   150   14    7   6.1   3.4   21.2  70.1    -7.7    142  0.7
  7000   13.3  55.9   150   12    6  -5.8  -3.2   20.7  69.3    -8.2    127  0.6
  6750   12.5  54.5   145   11    6  -7.9  -4.4   19.0  66.3    -9.9    146  0.7
  6500   12.5  54.5   135   10    5   2.5   1.4   18.3  65.0   -10.6    138  0.7
  6250   12.6  54.7   120    9    5   2.0   1.1   17.7  63.8   -11.3    128  0.7
  6000   12.9  55.2   110    9    5   6.0   3.3   17.2  63.0   -11.7    111  0.6
  5750   13.4  56.1   110    9    5   7.0   3.8   17.0  62.6   -12.0     89  0.5
  5500   13.8  56.8   110    9    5   6.1   3.4   16.8  62.2   -12.3     68  0.3
  5250   14.3  57.7   115    9    5   8.6   4.7   16.5  61.8   -12.6     46  0.2
  5000   14.8  58.6   120    9    5  -0.6  -0.3   16.3  61.4   -12.8     24  0.1

 * * * * * * Numerical weather prediction model forecast data valid * * * * * *

           05/29/2016 at 0900 MDT          |       05/29/2016 at 1200 MDT
                                           |
K index... +22.7  LI... +272.0             | K index... +22.5  LI... +271.7
CAPE... +58.1  CIN... -20.0                | CAPE... +170.6  CIN... -34.2
                                           |
Height Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate | Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate
ft MSL deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft | deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 50000 -57.6 -71.7  255  26 13  -0.1  -0.0 | -57.6 -71.7  260  23 12  -0.1  -0.1
 45000 -58.1 -72.6  250  28 14  -2.6  -1.4 | -58.1 -72.6  260  26 13  -2.6  -1.4
 40000 -62.1 -79.8  235  14  7  -2.4  -1.3 | -62.2 -80.0  225  15  8  -2.5  -1.4
 38000 -59.2 -74.6  230  13  7   7.1   3.9 | -59.2 -74.6  220  13  7   7.3   4.0
 36000 -54.9 -66.8  230  13  7   7.2   3.9 | -54.8 -66.6  220  12  6   7.3   4.0
 34000 -50.5 -58.9  230  13  7   7.5   4.1 | -50.4 -58.7  220  12  6   7.4   4.0
 32000 -46.0 -50.8  225  14  7   7.5   4.1 | -45.4 -49.7  220  13  7   7.4   4.0
 30000 -40.8 -41.4  220  14  7   8.1   4.4 | -40.8 -41.4  215  14  7   8.1   4.4
 29000 -38.3 -36.9  220  13  7   8.1   4.4 | -38.4 -37.1  215  14  7   8.1   4.4
 28000 -35.9 -32.6  220  13  7   8.1   4.4 | -36.0 -32.8  210  14  7   8.1   4.4
 27000 -33.5 -28.3  225  12  6   8.2   4.5 | -33.5 -28.3  210  14  7   8.5   4.6
 26000 -31.0 -23.8  230  11  6   8.2   4.5 | -30.9 -23.6  210  14  7   8.5   4.7
 25000 -28.6 -19.5  235  11  5   8.2   4.5 | -28.4 -19.1  215  13  7   8.5   4.6
 24000 -26.3 -15.3  240  10  5   7.1   3.9 | -26.0 -14.8  215  12  6   7.3   4.0
 23000 -24.1 -11.4  250  12  6   7.1   3.9 | -23.9 -11.0  225  12  6   7.3   4.0
 22000 -22.0  -7.6  255  13  7   7.2   3.9 | -21.7  -7.1  230  12  6   7.3   4.0
 21000 -19.9  -3.8  260  15  8   7.2   4.0 | -19.5  -3.1  235  13  7   7.6   4.2
 20000 -17.8  -0.0  260  18  9   7.3   4.0 | -17.2   1.0  245  13  7   7.7   4.2
 19500 -16.7   1.9  260  20 10   7.3   4.0 | -16.1   3.0  245  13  7   7.7   4.2
 19000 -15.6   3.9  265  21 11   7.8   4.3 | -14.9   5.2  250  14  7   7.5   4.1
 18500 -14.4   6.1  265  22 11   8.7   4.8 | -13.8   7.2  250  14  7   7.3   4.0
 18000 -13.1   8.4  265  23 12   8.8   4.8 | -12.8   9.0  255  15  8   7.2   4.0
 17500 -11.9  10.6  265  23 12   8.1   4.4 | -11.6  11.1  255  16  8   8.2   4.5
 17000 -10.6  12.9  265  22 11   8.1   4.5 | -10.4  13.3  255  16  8   8.1   4.5
 16500  -9.4  15.1  270  21 11   8.2   4.5 |  -9.2  15.4  260  17  9   8.2   4.5
 16000  -8.2  17.2  265  20 10   8.4   4.6 |  -8.0  17.6  260  16  8   8.3   4.5
 15500  -7.0  19.4  265  19 10   8.4   4.6 |  -6.2  20.8  260  15  8   8.3   4.6
 15000  -5.1  22.8  265  17  9   8.7   4.8 |  -4.9  23.2  260  14  7   8.4   4.6
 14500  -3.8  25.2  260  16  8   9.0   4.9 |  -3.7  25.3  255  13  7   8.8   4.8
 14000  -2.5  27.5  255  14  7   9.4   5.1 |  -2.4  27.7  250  12  6   9.1   5.0
 13500  -1.1  30.0  250  13  7   9.3   5.1 |  -1.0  30.2  245  11  6   9.1   5.0
 13000   0.3  32.5  245  11  6   9.2   5.0 |   0.3  32.5  240  10  5   9.1   5.0
 12500   1.6  34.9  240   9  4   9.1   5.0 |   1.7  35.1  235   9  5   9.3   5.1
 12000   2.9  37.2  230   7  4   8.8   4.8 |   3.1  37.6  230   9  4  10.0   5.5
 11500   4.3  39.7  215   6  3   8.7   4.8 |   4.6  40.3  225   8  4   9.9   5.4
 11000   5.5  41.9  200   6  3   7.9   4.3 |   6.0  42.8  220   8  4   9.1   5.0
 10500   6.7  44.1  185   5  3   5.2   2.9 |   7.5  45.5  220   7  4   5.2   2.9
 10250   7.0  44.6  180   6  3   5.2   2.9 |   7.7  45.9  215   7  4   6.3   3.5
 10000   7.6  45.7  175   6  3   9.5   5.2 |   8.5  47.3  215   7  3  12.3   6.8
  9750   8.3  46.9  170   6  3   9.2   5.0 |   9.4  48.9  210   7  3  11.2   6.2
  9500   9.0  48.2  165   6  3   8.4   4.6 |  10.2  50.4  210   6  3   9.6   5.3
  9250   9.5  49.1  160   6  3   6.9   3.8 |  10.8  51.4  210   6  3   6.9   3.8
  9000  10.1  50.2  160   6  3   7.3   4.0 |  11.3  52.3  205   6  3   8.2   4.5
  8750  10.7  51.3  155   6  3   8.2   4.5 |  12.0  53.6  200   5  3   9.2   5.1
  8500  11.2  52.2  155   7  3   7.0   3.8 |  12.7  54.9  195   5  3   8.2   4.5
  8250  11.7  53.1  150   7  4   5.6   3.0 |  13.2  55.8  190   5  2   7.3   4.0
  8000  12.1  53.8  150   7  4   5.9   3.2 |  13.8  56.8  180   5  2   7.2   4.0
  7750  12.6  54.7  145   7  4   6.3   3.4 |  14.2  57.6  180   4  2   7.0   3.9
  7500  13.0  55.4  145   7  4   4.2   2.3 |  14.8  58.6  175   4  2   9.0   5.0
  7250  13.2  55.8  145   7  4   2.8   1.5 |  15.5  59.9  175   4  2  10.5   5.8
  7000  13.5  56.3  145   7  3   3.1   1.7 |  16.2  61.2  175   4  2   9.8   5.4
  6750  13.7  56.7  145   7  3   3.2   1.7 |  17.0  62.6  175   4  2  10.1   5.5
  6500  13.9  57.0  145   6  3   3.5   1.9 |  17.7  63.9  175   4  2  10.8   5.9
  6250  14.1  57.4  145   6  3   3.9   2.1 |  18.6  65.5  175   4  2  11.3   6.2
  6000  14.3  57.7  145   5  3   3.1   1.7 |  19.4  66.9  180   4  2   9.8   5.4
  5750  14.5  58.1  140   4  2   7.6   4.2 |  20.1  68.2  180   4  2  12.0   6.6
  5500  15.4  59.7  140   4  2  12.7   7.0 |  21.2  70.2  180   4  2  15.8   8.7
  5250  16.2  61.2  135   4  2   8.8   4.8 |  22.3  72.1  180   3  2  12.8   7.0
  5000     M     M    M   M  M     M     M |     M     M    M   M  M     M     M

           05/29/2016 at 1500 MDT          |       05/29/2016 at 1800 MDT
                                           |
K index... +20.6  LI... +272.7             | K index... +19.6  LI... +272.5
CAPE... +34.8  CIN... -44.2                | CAPE... +23.8  CIN... -48.6
                                           |
Height Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate | Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate
ft MSL deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft | deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 50000 -57.8 -72.0  255  26 14  -0.6  -0.3 | -58.0 -72.4  255  27 14  -0.6  -0.3
 45000 -58.8 -73.8  255  27 14  -1.6  -0.9 | -59.0 -74.2  255  27 14  -1.4  -0.8
 40000 -61.3 -78.3  235  19 10  -2.4  -1.3 | -61.2 -78.2  245  22 11  -2.3  -1.3
 38000 -58.2 -72.8  230  17  9   6.3   3.5 | -58.2 -72.8  240  19 10   6.1   3.3
 36000 -54.4 -65.9  215  14  7   6.3   3.5 | -54.5 -66.1  230  16  8   6.1   3.3
 34000 -50.2 -58.4  210  14  7   7.8   4.3 | -50.2 -58.4  225  16  8   8.4   4.6
 32000 -45.5 -49.9  210  16  8   7.8   4.3 | -45.2 -49.4  220  17  9   8.4   4.6
 30000 -40.6 -41.1  210  16  8   8.4   4.6 | -40.0 -40.0  225  18  9   8.9   4.9
 29000 -38.1 -36.6  210  17  8   8.4   4.6 | -37.3 -35.1  225  19 10   9.0   4.9
 28000 -35.6 -32.1  210  17  9   8.4   4.6 | -34.7 -30.5  230  19 10   8.9   4.9
 27000 -33.1 -27.6  210  17  9   8.4   4.6 | -31.5 -24.7  230  19 10   8.0   4.4
 26000 -30.0 -22.0  215  17  9   8.4   4.6 | -29.2 -20.6  235  18  9   8.0   4.4
 25000 -27.5 -17.5  220  17  9   8.5   4.6 | -26.8 -16.2  240  18  9   8.0   4.4
 24000 -25.1 -13.2  225  17  9   7.6   4.2 | -24.5 -12.1  240  17  9   7.5   4.1
 23000 -22.8  -9.0  230  17  9   7.6   4.2 | -22.3  -8.1  240  17  9   7.4   4.1
 22000 -20.6  -5.1  235  17  9   7.6   4.2 | -20.1  -4.2  240  17  9   7.5   4.1
 21000 -18.3  -0.9  235  17  9   7.8   4.3 | -18.0  -0.4  240  16  8   7.0   3.9
 20000 -16.0   3.2  240  17  9   7.8   4.3 | -15.9   3.4  240  16  8   7.0   3.9
 19500 -14.9   5.2  245  17  9   7.8   4.3 | -14.8   5.4  240  16  8   7.1   3.9
 19000 -13.7   7.3  245  16  8   7.9   4.3 | -13.8   7.2  240  16  8   7.6   4.2
 18500 -12.5   9.5  250  16  8   8.0   4.4 | -12.6   9.3  240  15  8   8.2   4.5
 18000 -11.4  11.5  250  16  8   8.0   4.4 | -11.4  11.5  245  15  8   8.2   4.5
 17500 -10.2  13.6  250  16  8   8.2   4.5 | -10.2  13.6  245  14  7   8.2   4.5
 17000  -9.0  15.8  255  15  8   8.2   4.5 |  -9.0  15.8  245  14  7   8.2   4.5
 16500  -7.8  18.0  255  15  8   8.3   4.5 |  -7.8  18.0  245  13  7   8.3   4.5
 16000  -6.5  20.3  255  15  8   8.3   4.5 |  -6.5  20.3  245  12  6   8.3   4.6
 15500  -5.3  22.5  255  14  7   8.3   4.6 |  -5.3  22.5  250  12  6   8.4   4.6
 15000  -4.1  24.6  260  14  7   8.3   4.6 |  -4.0  24.8  250  11  6   8.7   4.8
 14500  -2.9  26.8  260  14  7   8.3   4.6 |  -2.7  27.1  250  11  6   8.6   4.7
 14000  -1.6  29.1  260  13  7   8.3   4.5 |  -1.4  29.5  245  10  5   9.3   5.1
 13500  -0.4  31.3  260  12  6   8.2   4.5 |  -0.0  32.0  245  10  5   9.2   5.1
 13000   1.5  34.7  260  11  6   8.9   4.9 |   2.0  35.6  245   9  5   9.2   5.1
 12500   2.8  37.0  265  11  5   8.9   4.9 |   3.4  38.1  245   9  4   9.1   5.0
 12000   4.1  39.4  265  10  5   8.8   4.8 |   4.7  40.5  240   8  4   8.7   4.8
 11500   5.4  41.7  260   9  5   8.8   4.8 |   6.0  42.8  235   8  4   8.8   4.8
 11000   6.7  44.1  265   8  4   8.7   4.8 |   7.3  45.1  235   7  4   8.9   4.9
 10500   8.1  46.6  265   8  4   5.1   2.8 |   8.6  47.5  230   6  3   6.3   3.4
 10250   8.3  46.9  265   7  3   5.9   3.2 |   9.0  48.2  230   6  3   7.1   3.9
 10000   9.1  48.4  265   6  3  11.2   6.1 |   9.8  49.6  225   6  3  11.2   6.1
  9750   9.8  49.6  265   6  3  10.1   5.5 |  10.5  50.9  225   6  3  10.3   5.6
  9500  10.6  51.1  270   5  3   9.0   5.0 |  11.3  52.3  220   6  3   9.7   5.3
  9250  11.1  52.0  270   5  2   7.5   4.1 |  11.9  53.4  220   6  3   8.4   4.6
  9000  11.7  53.1  270   4  2   8.8   4.8 |  12.6  54.7  215   5  3   8.9   4.9
  8750  12.4  54.3  270   3  2   9.5   5.2 |  13.3  55.9  210   5  3   9.3   5.1
  8500  13.1  55.6  270   3  2   8.9   4.9 |  13.9  57.0  205   5  3   9.1   5.0
  8250  13.7  56.7  270   3  1   8.1   4.5 |  14.6  58.3  200   5  3   8.9   4.9
  8000  14.3  57.7  270   3  1   8.9   4.9 |  15.2  59.4  195   5  3   8.6   4.7
  7750  15.0  59.0  275   2  1   9.6   5.3 |  15.9  60.6  195   5  3   8.4   4.6
  7500  15.7  60.3  275   2  1   9.8   5.4 |  16.5  61.7  190   5  3   8.4   4.6
  7250  16.5  61.7  275   2  1  10.3   5.6 |  17.1  62.8  190   5  3   8.3   4.6
  7000  17.2  63.0  275   2  1   9.8   5.4 |  17.7  63.9  185   5  3   8.0   4.4
  6750  18.0  64.4  270   2  1   9.8   5.4 |  18.3  64.9  185   5  3   8.0   4.4
  6500  18.7  65.7  270   2  1  10.7   5.9 |  18.9  66.0  185   5  3   9.7   5.3
  6250  19.6  67.3  270   2  1  11.5   6.3 |  19.7  67.5  185   5  3  10.8   5.9
  6000  20.4  68.7  270   2  1   9.8   5.4 |  20.5  68.9  185   5  3  10.1   5.6
  5750  21.1  70.0  265   2  1  11.3   6.2 |  21.2  70.2  185   5  3   9.2   5.1
  5500  22.1  71.8  270   2  1  14.7   8.1 |  21.8  71.2  185   5  2   8.9   4.9
  5250  23.1  73.6  275   2  1  12.4   6.8 |  22.5  72.5  190   5  2   9.2   5.1
  5000     M     M    M   M  M     M     M |     M     M    M   M  M     M     M
________________________________________________________________________________

This product is issued twice per day, once by approximately 0630 MST/0730 MDT
(1330 UTC) and again by approximately 1830 MST/1930 MDT (0130 UTC).  It is not
continuously monitored nor updated after its initial issuance.

The information contained herein is based on rawinsonde observation and/or
numerical weather prediction model data taken at Walker Field in Grand
Junction, Colorado at

                   North Latitude:  39 deg 07 min 00.001 sec
                   West Longitude: 108 deg 31 min 59.998 sec
                   Elevation: 4839 feet (1475 meters)

and may not be representative of other areas along the Western Slope of
Colorado.  Note that some elevations in numerical weather prediction models
differ from actual station elevations, which can lead to data which appear
to be below ground.  Erroneous data such as these should not be used.

The content and format of this report as well as the issuance times are subject
to change without prior notice.  Comments and suggestions are welcome and should
be directed to one of the addresses or phone numbers shown at the bottom of this
page.  To expedite a response to comments, be sure to mention your interest in
the soaring forecast.

DEFINITIONS:

CAPE (Convective Available Potential Energy) - An integrated measure of the
     energy available for convective development, also known as the positive
     area on a thermodynamic diagram.  Units are Joules per kilogram.  Larger
     values are indicative of greater instability and the possibility of
     stronger convective activity, including thunderstorms.  Values around or
     greater than 1000 suggest the possibility of severe weather should
     convective activity develop.

CIN (Convective Inhibition) - An integrated measure of the amount of energy
     needed to initiate convective activity, also known as the negative area on
     a thermodynamic diagram.  Units are Joules per kilogram.  The more negative
     this number, the more energy is required to initiate convection.  This
     inhibitive energy can be overcome through surface heating, cooling aloft,
     lifting mechanisms (orographic, frontal, gravity waves, etc.)

Convective Condensation Level - The height to which an air parcel possessing the
     average saturation mixing ratio in the lowest 4000 feet of the airmass,
     if heated sufficiently from below, will rise dry adiabatically until it
     just becomes saturated.  It estimates the base of cumulus clouds that are
     produced by surface heating only.

Convection Temperature (ConvectionT) - The surface temperature required to make
     the airmass dry adiabatic up to the given level.  It can be considered a
     "trigger temperature" for that level.

Freezing Level - The height where the temperature is zero degrees Celsius.

Height of Stable Layer - The height (between 12,000 and 18,000 feet above
     mean sea level) where the smallest lapse rate exists.  The location and
     existence of this feature is important in the generation of mountain
     waves.

K Index - A measure of stability which combines the temperature difference
     between approximately 5,000 and 18,000 feet above the surface, the amount
     of moisture at approximately 5,000 feet above the surface, and a measure
     of the dryness at approximately 10,000 feet above the surface.  Larger
     positive numbers indicate more instability and a greater likelihood of
     thunderstorm development.  One interpretation of K index values regarding
     soaring in the western United States is given in WMO Technical Note 158
     and is reproduced in the following table:

          below -10    no or weak thermals
           -10 to 5    dry thermals or 1/8 cumulus with moderate thermals
            5 to 15    good soaring conditions
           15 to 20    good soaring conditions with occasional showers
           20 to 30    excellent soaring conditions, but increasing
                       probability of showers and thunderstorms
           above 30    more than 60 percent probability of thunderstorms

Lapse Rate - The change with height of the temperature. Negative values indicate
     inversions.

Lifted Condensation Level - The height to which an air parcel possessing the
     average dew point in the lowest 4000 feet of the airmass and the forecast
     maximum temperature must be lifted dry adiabatically to attain saturation.

Lifted Index (LI) - The difference between the environmental temperature at a
     level approximately 18,000 feet above the surface and the temperature of
     an air parcel lifted dry adiabatically from the surface to its lifted
     condensation level and then pseudoadiabatically thereafter to this same
     level.  The parcel`s initial temperature is the forecast maximum
     temperature and its dew point is the average dew point in the lowest 4000
     feet of the airmass.  Negative values are indicative of instability with
     positive values showing stable conditions.

Lift Rate - An experimental estimate of the strength of thermals.  It is
     computed the same way as the maximum rate of lift but uses the actual
     level rather than the maximum height of thermals in the calculation.
     Also, none of the empirical adjustments based on cloudiness and K-index
     are applied to these calculations.

Maximum Height of Thermals - The height where the dry adiabat through the
     forecast maximum temperature intersects the environmental temperature.

Maximum Rate of Lift - An estimate of the maximum strength of thermals.  It
     is computed from an empirical formula which combines the expected maximum
     height of thermals with the difference in the environmental temperatures
     between the maximum height of thermals and the temperature 4,000 feet
     above the ground.  After this computation, further empirical adjustments
     are made based on the value of the K-index and the amount and opacity of
     middle and high level cloudiness expected between the time of trigger
     temperature and the time of overdevelopment.

Middle/High Clouds - The amount and opacity of middle (altostratus, altocumulus)
     or high (cirrus, cirrostratus, cirrocumulus) clouds.  Broken means that
     between 60% and 90% of the sky is covered by the cloud, with overcast
     conditions occurring when more than 90% of the sky is covered by the cloud.
     Thin implies that the clouds are predominantly transparent, meaning that
     some sunlight is reaching the ground, in contrast to opaque which suggests
     that little sunlight is reaching the ground.

Potential Height of Wave - The minimum of the following two heights:
     1. Level above the height of stable layer (or 14,000 feet if none exists)
        where the wind direction changes by 30 degrees or more
     2. Level above the height of stable layer (or 14,000 feet if none exists)
        where the wind speed no longer increases with height

PVA/NVA - Positive vorticity advection (PVA)/negative vorticity advection (NVA)
     on the 500 millibar isobaric surface (approximately 18,000 feet above mean
     sea level).  Weak PVA has been shown to assist in mountain wave soaring.

Soaring Window - The time between the time the trigger temperature is reached
                 and the time of overdevelopment.

Thermal Index - The difference between the environmental temperature and the
     temperature at a particular level determined by following the dry adiabat
     through the forecast maximum temperature up to that level.  Negative values
     are indicative of thermal lift.

Thermal Soaring Index - An adjective rating (for sailplanes) based on the
     computed maximum rate of lift, and the wind speed and middle and high
     cloud cover expected during the soaring window (the time of the trigger
     temperature and the time of overdevelopment) according to the following:

                 Maximum rate of lift        Adjective Rating
                      >= 800 fpm                 Excellent
                 >= 400 and < 800 fpm              Good
                 >= 200 and < 400 fpm              Fair
                       < 200 fpm                   Poor

Time of Overdevelopment - The time one or more of the following phenomena,
     which essentially shut off thermal lift, is expected to occur:
     1. formation of broken to overcast convective cloud cover
     2. formation of scattered to numerous downbursts
     3. initiation of widespread precipitation

Time of Trigger Temperature - The time the surface temperature is expected to
     reach the trigger temperature.

Trigger Temperature - The surface temperature required to make the first 4000
     feet of the atmosphere dry adiabatic.

Wave Soaring Index - An empirical, adjective rating (for sailplanes) which
     attempts to combine a variety of phenomena important in mountain wave
     soaring into a single index number.  Objective points are assigned to
     these phenomena: wind speed and direction at 14,000 ft MSL, the static
     stability in the 12,000-18,000 ft MSL layer, the wind speed gradient above
     the stable layer, jet stream location and frontal and upper trough
     movements.

042613


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