Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Birmingham, AL

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FXUS64 KBMX 030023
AFDBMX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Birmingham AL
623 PM CST Fri Dec 2 2016

.UPDATE...
For 00Z Aviation.

&&

.SHORT TERM...
Tonight through Saturday Night.

We have ample sunshine once again this afternoon with only some
scattered cirrus to note on satellite. We are looking at one more
rain free night across Central Alabama before rain returns. During
late tonight into Saturday, we will see a shift in the overall
pattern as the surface ridge center shifts to the Upper Midwest
and flattens some yielding a meager east southeast onshore flow.
Low level onshore flow will increase as we head into late
Saturday/Saturday night as a surface low develops on the Texas
coast.

At the same time, in the upper levels on Saturday, an upper low
develops and digs into the Southwest U.S. and into Northern
Mexico. This will in turn shift our upper zonal flow to a more
southwest flow regime and allow for shortwaves to be ejected from
the closed low and then across Alabama. Thus, we should see rain
chances return beginning in the west part of the state during the
middle to late morning Saturday and then spread eastward across
the area to become more widespread by Saturday evening. I only
have rain showers in the forecast and no thunder for Saturday and
Saturday night at this time as we have a long way for dew points
to recover with values only in the 30s generally and a couple of
40s expected during the day on Saturday and then more widespread
40s overnight.

08

.LONG TERM...
Sunday through Thursday.

No changes to previous forecast thought from earlier this morning.

/Issued 308 AM CST Fri Dec 2 2016/

An active southern stream will continue into next week with several
upper level impulses bringing copious amounts of rainfall to
central Alabama. The time periods which look to contain the
heaviest rainfall are during the day Sunday and Monday afternoon
into Monday night. There will likely be a relative lull in the
shower activity Sunday night as a northern stream short wave trof
passes east of the area. Low level easterly flow Sunday and Sunday
night should keep the air mass too stable for thunderstorms. A
surface low will likely form near the upper Texas coast on Monday
and shift rapidly northeast as the main short wave trof ejects out
of northern Mexico. A low level jet will develop across the
central Gulf coast states with 60+ surface dewpoints pushing into
south Alabama Monday afternoon. The GFS model is more aggressive
with the inland surge of higher dewpoints than the ECMWF, and its
convective parameters are higher with regards to CAPE and lifted
indices. The GFS model would produce a minimal threat of severe
storms to the far southern counties Monday afternoon and evening,
but will hold off mentioning severe wording in any of our hazard
products due to more stable ECMWF model. The final push of
showers and storms will be Monday night with the rain exiting east
Alabama Tuesday morning. Because this system originated so far
south, there is no big change in air mass and highs Tuesday and
Wednesday will be in the 60s.

A strong cold front will arrive on Thursday accompanied by a pre-
frontal band of showers. The ECMWF model is much slower with the
passage of the cold front, so confidence is low regarding best
chance of rain and temperatures on Thursday, but the coldest air
of the season will arrive Thursday night and Friday.

58/Rose


&&

.AVIATION...
00Z TAF Discussion.

VFR conditions anticipated this period. Surface high pressure
remains in control of the weather over Central Alabama. Therefore,
the lowest layer s of the atmosphere will remain rather dry. A
developing storm system, out west will keep the upper level winds
out of the southwest. This will allow moisture to slowly increase
from the top down through the weekend. Added a prob30 for some
light rain showers late in the period as the saturation level
works its way below 10k ft with some lift. Winds will generally
keep a northeasterly component below 10kts.

75

&&

.FIRE WEATHER...

Rain free conditions are expected through tonight. Widespread
showers will return to the area this weekend and remain in the
forecast for the first half of next week. A few thunderstorms will
be possible as well for Monday.

08

&&

.PRELIMINARY POINT TEMPS/POPS...
Gadsden     34  54  43  51  46 /   0  40  90  90  60
Anniston    37  56  45  52  48 /   0  40  90  90  70
Birmingham  39  55  46  53  50 /   0  60  90  90  60
Tuscaloosa  39  55  46  54  50 /   0  60  90  90  60
Calera      39  56  46  55  51 /   0  60  90  90  70
Auburn      41  59  47  56  51 /   0  30  70  90  70
Montgomery  41  60  49  60  54 /   0  40  70  90  70
Troy        40  60  49  62  56 /   0  30  50  80  70

&&

.BMX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES/...
None.

&&

$$


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