Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 030658
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
256 AM EDT MON AUG 03 2015


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID AUG 03/1200 UTC THRU AUG 06/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1...


...NORTHERN AND CENTRAL ROCKIES INTO THE CENTRAL PLAINS...

MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY STRETCHED OUT ALONG A FRONTAL BOUNDARY
EXTENDING FROM THE NORTHERN ROCKIES INTO THE CENTRAL PLAINS FEED
CONVECTION THAT COULD PRODUCE HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
DURING DAY 1. THERE WAS DECENT MODEL AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE
OVERALL SYNOPTIC PATTERN...THOUGH THERE WAS SOME SPREAD ON THE
FRONTAL POSITION ACROSS NE LATE IN THE PERIOD. IN AN ATTEMPT TO
MITIGATE SOME OF THE PLACEMENT DIFFERENCES WITH THE FRONT ACROSS
THE CENTRAL PLAINS...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF HE 00Z
GFS/12Z ECMWF...AND HIGHER TERRAIN AMOUNTS WERE AUGMENTED BY THE
00Z WRF ARW.

A LOW LEVEL UPSLOPE FLOW ACROSS THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL ROCKIES
INCREASES DURING THE DAYLIGHT HOURS...REACHING 15 TO 30 KNOTS
ACROSS WESTERN WY INTO EASTERN ID AND WESTERN CO BEFORE 03/21Z.
THE LOW LEVEL INFLOW TRANSPORTS 0.75 TO 1.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE
WATER VALUES INTO THESE AREAS (WHICH IS ABOUT TWO STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN). SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT IS SUPPLIED BY A
SHORT WAVE RIDING NORTH OUT OF CENTRAL UT EARLY THIS MORNING TO A
POSITION OVER CENTRAL WY BY THE END OF THE PERIOD. THE MAIN
INGREDIENT MISSING FOR THE POTENTIAL FOR HEAVY RAIN COULD BE
INSTABILITY. 00Z GFS MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL INSTABILITY
ACROSS WESTERN WY (GENERALLY AROUND 500 J/KG OF SBCAPE)...PEAKING
AROUND 04/00Z.

MUCH OF THE 00Z GUIDANCE SHOWS THE POTENTIAL FOR AREAS OF AN INCH
OR SO OF BASIN AVERAGE QPF...AND SOME OF THE HIGH RESOLUTION
GUIDANCE (SUCH AS THE 00Z NSSL WRF AND 00Z REGIONAL GEM) SHOULD
MAXIMUM QPF AMOUNTS OVER 2.00 INCHES. ONE AND THREE HOUR FLASH
FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS AN INCH OR LESS OVER PORTIONS
OF WESTERN WY (MAINLY IN THE TERRAIN)...AND GIVEN HIGHLY
ANOMALOUSLY MOISTURE IN PLACE...HEAVY RAINFALL IS POSSIBLE. A SEE
TEXT WILL BE ISSUED FOR PORTIONS OF EASTERN ID/WESTERN WY INTO
NORTHERN CO TO ADDRESS THE FLASH FLOOD POTENTIAL. IF INSTABILITY
WERE FORECAST TO BE MORE ROBUST...A SLIGHT RISK AREA MAY HAVE BEEN
WARRANTED.



...SOUTHERN PLAINS...

AN INCREASING LOW LEVEL INFLOW FEEDS MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY
ACROSS NORTH TX/WESTERN OK/WESTERN KS DURING THE SECOND HALF OF
DAY 1...AND THERE IS A MULTI MODEL INDICATION THAT AN MCS COULD
DEVELOP AFTER 04/00Z. THERE WAS DECENT MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE
OVERALL PATTERN HERE...SO THE QPF WAS BASED PRIMARILY ON A BLEND
OF THE 00Z GFS/12Z ECMWF.

AN EARLY MORNING COMPLEX OVER NORTH TX SHOULD FADE AS THE LOW
LEVEL INFLOW WEAKENS AND INSTABILITY BECOMES ELEVATED. AN MCV FROM
THE COMPLEX COULD RESULT IN LIFT FOR CONVECTION ACROSS NORTH TX
THROUGH THE MORNING HOURS...BUT HEAVY RAIN WITH THIS SYSTEM IS
UNLIKELY AFTER 03/12Z.

THE PATTERN APPEARS TO REPEAT ITSELF TONIGHT...AS A 20 TO 30 KNOT
INFLOW OVER NORTH TX/WESTERN OK/WESTERN KS TRANSPORTS MODERATE TO
STRONG INSTABILITY AND PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES IN EXCESS OF 1.75
INCHES INTO NORTH TX. THE 00Z NAM SIMULATED SATELLITE IMAGERY
SHOULD THE MCS DEVELOPING OVER NORTH TX/WESTERNMOST OK BETWEEN
04/00Z AND 04/06Z...THEN TURNS SOUTHEAST AS IT FOLLOWS THE BEST
LOW LEVEL INSTABILITY. MOST OF THE REMAINDER OF THE 00Z GUIDANCE
FORMS A CONVECTIVE COMPLEX OR MCS FURTHER NORTH INTO WESTERN
OK/SOUTHWEST KS. GIVEN THE FACT THAT THE CONVECTIVE COMPLEXES THAT
DEVELOPED IN NORTHEAST NM TRACKED ACROSS NORTH TX...THE WPC QPF
WAS PLACED SOUTH OF THE MODEL CONSENSUS...CLOSER TO THE 00Z
REGIONAL GEM PLACEMENT.

DUE TO HEAVIER RAINFALL ACROSS NORTH TX AND WESTERNMOST OK THE
PAST COUPLE OF NIGHT...ONE AND THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE
VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.50 INCHES. SOME OF THE HIGH RESOLUTION
GUIDANCE PLACES AS MUCH AS 3 INCHES OF RAINFALL WITH THE MCS
(INCLUDING THE 00Z WRF ARW/NMMB AND R00Z REGIONAL GEM).
CONSIDERING THAT PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES TOP OUT BETWEEN 1.75
AND 2.0O INCHES...THIS IS PLAUSIBLE. A SLIGHT RISK AREA WILL BE
PLACED OVER PORTIONS OF NORTH TX/AND WESTERN OK FOR THE FLASH
FLOOD POTENTIAL.


...MID ATLANTIC/SOUTHEAST/FL...

THE DEEP MOISTURE ASSOCIATED WITH A SURFACE WAVE THAT CROSSES
NORTHERN FL AND MOVES ALONG THE SOUTHEAST COAST TO THE COASTAL MID
ATLANTIC FEEDS CONVECTION ALONG A SURFACE TROUGH...AND THE
RESULTANT CONVECTION COULD PRODUCE HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL FROM NORTH FL THROUGH THE COASTAL CAROLINAS. THERE WAS
SOME SPREAD CONCERNING JUST HOW QUICKLY THE SURFACE WAVE MOVES OUT
OF NORTHERN FL AND TO THE SC COAST...WITH THE 00Z GFS HAVING THE
SUPPORT OF THE 12Z/18Z ENSEMBLE GUIDANCE...SO THE WPC QPF WAS
BASED PRIMARILY ON THE 00Z GFS.

THE NEXT SURGE OF CONVECTION TIED TO DEEP TROPICAL MOISTURE (WITH
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES BETWEEN 2.25 AND 2.50 INCHES) IS
APPROACHING THE CENTRAL PORTION OF THE WEST OF FL EARLY THIS
MORNING. THE BULK OF THE HIGH RESOLUTION GUIDANCE SUGGESTS THAT
THE BEST THRUST OF MOISTURE OCCURS IN THE 03/12Z TO 03/18Z TIME
FRAME...DURING WHICH AN ADDITIONAL COUPLE OF INCHES OF RAINFALL IS
POSSIBLE. FOR THIS REASON...A SLIGHT RISK AREA WILL NEED TO BE
RETAINED UNTIL THE DEEPER MOISTURE IS SCOURED BY A DEVELOPING
SURFACE WAVE OFF THE SC COAST DURING THE AFTERNOON.

AS MENTIONED EARLIER...THERE IS SOME SPREAD CONCERNING HOW THE
SURFACE WAVE EVOLVES...AND HOW THE DEEP MOISTURE BECOMES INVOLVED
IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF ADDITIONAL CONVECTION NEAR THE COAST.
FOLLOWING THE SEQUENCE OF EVENTS FROM THE 00Z GFS (WHICH APPEARED
TO HAVE THE BEST SUPPORT FROM THE 12Z ENSEMBLE
SOLUTIONS)...CONVECTION DEVELOPS ON A FRONTAL BOUNDARY/SURFACE
TROUGH AHEAD OF THE SURFACE WAVE...STRETCHING OVER COASTAL SC/NC.
IT IS UNCLEAR...BASED ON THE 00Z GFS (AND THE PREPONDERANCE OF
OTHER 00Z GUIDANCE SOLUTIONS)...WHETHER THE HEAVIEST RAINFALL
OCCURS ALONG THE COAST OR JUST OFFSHORE. THE BEST INSTABILITY
SHOULD GET ONSHORE AHEAD OF THE SURFACE WAVE...AND THE CONVECTION
SHOULD TAP THE DEEP MOISTURE TO PRODUCE AN AXIS OF 1.50 TO 2.25
INCHES OF QPF OVER THE COASTAL CAROLINAS.

THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD VALUES ALONG THE COASTAL CAROLINAS IS HIGH
(GENERALLY ABOVE 3.00 INCHES)...SO AT FIRST LOOK IT WOULD APPEAR
THAT THE THREAT FOR FLASH FLOODING IS LOW. HOWEVER...MOST OF THE
HIGH RESOLUTION GUIDANCE (FROM THE 00Z WRF ARW/MMB TO THE 00Z
REGIONAL GEM) SUGGEST THE POTENTIAL FOR 2-4 INCHES OF
QPF...ESPECIALLY IF A CONVECTIVE COMPLEX FORMS IN THE STRONG
SOUTHERLY INFLOW NEAR THE NC COAST. THE AIRMASS PRODUCED LARGE
RAINFALL AMOUNTS ACROSS NORTHERN FL THE PAST FEW DAYS...SO IT IS
CAPABLE OF SUPPORTING RAINFALL AMOUNTS NEAR 4 INCHES. GIVEN THIS
INFORMATION...A SEE TEXT OR EVEN A SLIGHT RISK AREA WILL BE ISSUED
FOR PORTIONS OF THE SC/NC COAST LATER THIS MORNING.


...NORTHEAST...

MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY TRANSPORTED AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT INTO
THE NORTHEAST STATES FEEDS DEVELOPING LINES OF CONVECTION FROM
WESTERN PA INTO NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND DURING THE AFTERNOON AND
EVENING HOURS...RESULTING IN LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL FROM UPSTATE
NY THROUGH NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND. THE 12Z ECMWF APPEARED TO BE A
BIT SLOW WITH THE SURFACE FRONT...ESPECIALLY ACROSS NEW ENGLAND.
OTHERWISE...THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT...SO THE WPC
QPF WAS BASED ON A MULTI MODEL BLEND.

CONVECTION AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT STRETCHING FROM SOUTHWEST QUEBEC
INTO IA EARLY THIS MORNING BECOMES REINVIGORATED THIS AFTERNOON
AND EVENING FROM WESTERN PA/WV INTO UPSTATE NY STATE AND MUCH OF
WESTERN AND CENTRAL NEW ENGLAND. AHEAD OF THE FRONT...THE
ENVIRONMENT BECOMES CONDUCIVE FOR DEVELOPMENT AS A 20 TO 30 KNOT
LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER
AIR AND MODERATE INSTABILITY INTO THE REGION. MODEL SOUNDINGS
SHOWED GOOD INFLOW AND STEEP MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES...SUGGESTING
THE CONVECTION TAKES ON AN OUTFLOW DOMINATED MODE THROUGH AT LEAST
04/00Z.  A LARGE AREA OF 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES OF QPF WAS EXTENDED
FROM UPSTATE NY INTO NORTHERN VT/NORTHERN NH AND WESTERN ME...WITH
LESSER AMOUNTS TOWARD THE COAST.

SOUNDINGS ACROSS UPSTATE NY INTO NORTHERN NH SUGGEST THAT THE
COLUMN MOISTENS WITH TIME...AND ANY TRAINING CELLS COULD LEAD TO
LOCAL FLOODING ISSUES. SOME HIGH RESOLUTION GUIDANCE PLACES AS
MUCH AS 2 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE WHITE MOUNTAINS OF NH WITH THE
FRONTAL PASSAGE. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE
GENERALLY ABOVE 2.50 INCHES (EXCEPT ACROSS THE ROOFTOP OF
ME...WHERE THEY LOWER TO 1.50 INCHES)...SO WHILE LOCAL ISSUES ARE
POSSIBLE...ORGANIZED FLASH FLOODING IS NOT EXPECTED.


DAYS 2/3...

...NORTHERN TO CENTRAL ROCKIES/NORTHERN PLAINS

THE SHORTWAVE TROUGH OVER WYOMING EARLY TUESDAY WILL EJECT WHILE
WEAKENING OVER THE PLAINS AS THE SPLIT LONGWAVE TROUGH ALONG THE
WEST COAST MOVES ASHORE.  MODEL DIFFERENCES ARE MOSTLY EVIDENT
BELOW GRID-SCALE WITH OTHERWISE RESPECTABLE LARGE-SCALE AGREEMENT.
 GIVEN MODESTLY STEEP 700-500 MB LAPSE RATES OF 7.5 TO 8.0 DEGREES
C/KM ALONG WITH SLIGHT VARIATIONS IN MOISTURE AND FORCING...SMALL
SCALE QPF DIFFERENCES ARE APPARENT.  TO HELP RESOLVE THESE
DIFFERENCES...CREATED THE FINAL QPF WITH AN INTERMEDIATE SOLUTION
INVOLVING THE 00Z NAM/00Z GFS/12-00Z ECMWF ALONG WITH THE
ENSEMBLES MEANS.

...CENTRAL TO SOUTHERN PLAINS/MIDWEST/MS VALLEY/OH-TN VALLEY

MODELS ARE DEPICTING A SYNOPTIC PATTERN THAT IS CONDUCIVE FOR
HEAVY RAINFALL POSSIBLY FLASH FLOODING ACROSS A BROAD ZONE
EXTENDING FROM PORTIONS OF KANSAS ON DAY 2...THEN EASTWARD INTO
PARTS OF THE OH-TN VALLEYS ON DAY 3...WITH 2 SHORTWAVE TROUGHS
EXITING THE ROCKIES OUT OF PHASE BUT THEN POSSIBLY INTERACTING
WITH EACH OR EVEN PHASING IF ONE BELIEVES SOME OF THE STRONGER
SOLUTIONS.  REGARDLESS WHICH MODEL OR MODELS PROVE CLOSEST...
PROGRESSION OF THESE TROUGHS WILL HELP TO DEVELOP OR REINFORCE
PRE-EXISTING FRONTAL BOUNDARIES WITH THE MID LEVEL PORTIONS OF
THESE SYSTEMS POSSIBLE LYING NORTH OF THE FRONT...THUS
CONTRIBUTING TO A NARROW BUT POSSIBLE DEEP PATTERN OF ASCENT.  AT
LEAST FOR DAY 2...MODEL DIFFERENCES WERE ABOUT AVERAGE...WITH THE
FINAL SOLUTION SHIFTED SOUTHWARD TOWARD THE SOUTHERN EDGE OF THE
GUIDANCE TO HELP ACCOUNT FOR PROPAGATION...WHICH IS ABOUT HALFWAY
BETWEEN THE 00Z GFS/12-00Z ECMWF/00Z NAM CONUS NEST.  FOR DAY
3...THE FORECAST BECOMES MORE COMPLICATED WITH POSSIBLE
INTERACTIONS OF THE UPSTREAM TROUGH.  THUS...THE FORECAST BECOMES
MORE CONSERVATIVE AND USES MORE OF THE ENSEMBLE MEANS...BUT STILL
RESEMBLES SOMETHING BETWEEN THE SLIGHTLY WEAKER AND MORE SOUTHWARD
00Z GFS AND SLIGHTLY STRONGER AND MORE NORTHWARD 12-00Z
ECMWF...WHILE EXCLUDING SOME QUESTIONABLY SMALL BUT HIGH QPF
MAXIMA NEAR THE MID LEVELS CENTERS IN THE SOLUTIONS.  ALTHOUGH THE
NAM SHOWS GOOD PHASE AGREEMENT WITH THE PREFERRED PATTERN...ITS
FRONTAL PLACEMENT ACROSS THE OH VALLEY ON DAY 3 IS NEAR NORTHERN
EDGES OF THE GUIDANCE...AND GIVEN MODEL BIASES TO UNDER ESTIMATE
PROPAGATION...EXPECT THE EFFECTIVE FRONTAL BOUNDARY TO LIE
CONSIDERABLY SOUTH OF THE NAM.  THUS...ITS SOLUTION RECEIVED VERY
LITTLE WEIGHTING BY DAY 3.

...NORTHEAST/MID-ATLANTIC/EASTERN CAROLINAS

PREFERRED A SOLUTION GENERALLY BETWEEN THE 00Z NAM/12-00Z ECMWF TO
DERIVE THE QPF COMPARED TO 00Z GFS WHICH DEPICTED VARIOUS QPF
MAXIMA RESULTING FROM GRID-SCALE FEEDBACK ALONG OR OVER THE
EASTERN CAROLINAS PARTICULARLY ON DAY 2.  OTHERWISE...THE MAIN
FORCING MECHANISMS WILL BE THE BROAD UPPER TROUGH LINGERING OVER
QUEBEC ALONG WITH A DEVELOPING SURFACE TROUGH INLAND FROM THE EAST
COAST AS THE SHORTWAVE TROUGH ENTERS THE OH/TN VALLEYS ON DAY 3.

...GULF COAST/FLORIDA

OTHER THAN PERIODIC CONVECTION ALONG SEA BREEZES AND OTHER
STRONGLY ORGANIZED DIFFERENTIAL HEATING ZONES...PRECIPITATION WILL
DECREASE THROUGH DAYS 2 AND 3 AS A SHORTWAVE RIDGE BUILDS IN THE
WAKE OF THE DEPARTING LOW.

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

HAYES/JAMES

24HR QP VT 04/12Z
 0.01 530243 530240 532235 531230 530226 524219 521210
      517201 512194 509191 506192 499194 496195 495192 494188
      489186 480183 473179 465176 463180 464185 463193 460198
      456202 455205 457206 460209 464210 469210 477211 480210
      482211 477215 464224 458227 452229 421232 413231 410225
      399209 393204 391201 389197 388175 388166 389160 390157
      394147 396143 395140 393140 388139 386140 384142 382142
      379140 376137 372136 369126 373119 374114 379112 387109
      390108 391103 391098 386097 380101 377102 374103 373091
      368074 365067 364062 360061 357060 355056 357053 361051
      363048 362044 357040 343070 346077 347081 347087 348092
      347096 345107 338106 333104 328105 325106 323110 322115
      320117 311115 307113 305109 304106 307103 312094 314091
      314085 316080 316076 315069 313065 312071 310082 308091
      303096 300098 294097 277095 270092 265088 257084 250078
      244072 238066 229055 228052 230050 239051 276058 284059
      293061 297061 299059 302056 306054 310056 311061 313059
      314052 313041 313031 313024 316021 323016 327014 327008
      328997 329988 330982 333980 345970 350966 358964 374960
      382955 383952 384946 387925 384916 382911 381906 379902
      378899 376898 374893 374889 372885 371879 370876 370872
      370865 369860 370853 369846 369834 370831 370824 371815
      373807 377797 380788 383779 388772 395757 396750 397747
      400741 408726 412720 414715 417712 422708 428702 438689
      442681 448675 460664 467659 472652 484638 491629 495625
      502622 519668 519676 519684 514689 516696 516704 514712
      513718 509724 505728 500727 497728 494730 491734 486738
 0.01 486738 465763 455776 445791 442799 439803 436805 432812
      432816 437813 444812 449820 455825 460832 470846 473854
      474858 475865 468898 463898 460899 456896 453889 451877
      450863 446855 446849 443846 438839 433833 431829 430823
      431820 431817 430815 424822 419829 414835 409841 404848
      398854 394863 392871 392877 393881 404893 415907 419914
      423923 429940 432947 435957 441978 443986 446998 449017
      452039 453051 456061 459071 461080 465100 468107 469113
      472116 475120 480122 488126 495122 502121 509123 515119
      521117 524113 527113 536115 541116 544119 555135
 0.01 534840 530833 523828 520826 517822 511817 509815 506815
      503821 504828 506834 509843 515851 523855 528854 532854
      534848 534840
 0.01 411699 407672 405670 399671 396673 391676 384682 380688
      375697 369705 355716 349721 340726 327736 323738 320743
      315751 304764 298769 294771 289772 283774 273774 267775
      263777 257779 253781 239787 232791 229793 226797 226800
      228803 233804 233810 236814 239819 243825 246819 248817
      250818 253822 260839 262844 263850 265858 268864 269869
      270882 270903 273912 273925 269945 269951 268956 268962
      271966 272968 277966 283961 285958 287954 292947 298901
      298891 303884 307873 307870 307866 309867 312871 314869
      317860 315834 318824 324818 331813 336807 347794 350791
      353786 357777 365760 369753 375748 387735 399719 405710
      409704 411699
 0.01 308041 308040 306038 304038 302038 302040 304042 306043
      306042 308041 308041
 0.25 550165 548166 547166 546166 545168 544169 543171 542173
      541176 541178 541181 542182 543184 544185 545186
 0.25 505670 504661 501656 497652 492654 487658 482662 475670
      469673 466677 459686 445703 430720 427724 424730 421734
      417738 410747 408752 407759 406764 409768 411774 415780
      399791 397790 394790 391794 385804 382810 380815 381823
      384825 387822 389816 391813 395814 400814 409809 411818
      415818 418814 420807 422799 431793 437785 448765 452765
      456761 462751 467742 470736 472729 477719 482716 484719
      487718 502700 504693 506686 505670
 0.25 457150 457134 457125 456115 456106 456101 454097 450092
      444087 437084 432080 427077 422072 414060 405049 400045
      396044 393046 392047 388046 386049 385068 386074 390079
      394086 395094 398100 398108 406119 409115 412114 415116
      427124 433121 440120 443120 445123 443131 440139 441143
      443147 446150 451152 455152 457150
 0.25 451080 451078 450075 448073 447073 446072 445071 443070
      443069 441069 440072 441073 442074 443076 444077 446079
      447080 448080 449081 451081 451080
 0.25 432215 432212 431212 430214 432215 432215
 0.25 433004 434998 433991 433985 432980 428972 424964 416949
      409934 405936 404941 405952 403959 402966 402972 404983
      407991 410000 414008 417016 419027 421035 424037 425032
      427021 430011 433004
 0.25 422100 422099 420099 419100 418100 417098 415098 414099
      415100 416101 417102 418102 420102 422100 422100
 0.25 409089 409088 407086 405086 404086 402085 400085 400086
      398087 400088 401089 403090 403091 405092 407093 408091
      408090 409089
 0.25 379716 378713 375712 370714 364717 359720 349727 338736
      329743 322753 316762 308773 302783 294792 292797 293802
      293806 289806 282804 277801 271800 265799 258800 253802
      251806 252810 254812 257813 264813 271814 270819 269832
      268838 268845 270853 273859 280870 281887 282903 283910
      285913 288912 291905 292898 292881 292874 290865 289858
      291851 300827 303823 309820 315817 321814 326810 330806
      338797 345788 352776 357765 363754 369744 375731 379716
 0.25 386027 387012 385999 382990 379987 375983 367980 361980
      357982 351988 348992 347998 346005 345009 343013 338015
      334019 335023 340023 345025 352031 360034 364037 367041
      372049 379055 383056 385049 383044 380040 376037 378034
      384031 386027
 0.25 380078 379076 379074 378071 377069 376067 375065 373064
      371065 370066 370068 371069 371070 372073 373073 373075
      373077 374079 374080 375082 377082 379080 380078
 0.25 335058 334056 332055 330054 329054 327055 326057 327057
      328058 330059 332059 334058 335058
 0.25 299080 298073 294071 289071 280070 271071 265069 261069
      261073 266078 270083 277087 284090 288090 292090 297086
      299080
 0.50 498683 497664 495661 491662 485668 465688 456699 447710
      442715 440722 436727 433735 432740 431743 427748 424751
      421752 417754 414758 416762 418765 426765 430769 432768
      434765 442754 445747 449741 454737 456740 459739 462733
      464730 462728 459726 461723 466718 474705 478700 481694
      483692 484696 486699 489698 493695 496691 498683
 0.50 448109 447102 446097 443096 440096 434093 430090 428088
      425089 426096 430101 431104 429105 422105 419106 416105
      413106 411103 408100 404107 404111 406113 410109 414110
      419113 424117 429118 434118 438114 448109
 0.50 414987 414982 414977 413975 412971 410969 409968 405968
      405970 405973 406977 407980 408984 410987 412989 414987
 0.50 401072 402069 401068 400069 399070 399071 399073 401072
      401072
 0.50 394073 394071 394070 392070 392071 391073 391075 392077
      393075 394073 394073
 0.50 368732 369728 368724 364724 358726 353729 346737 337743
      330751 325761 318770 315774 312779 308789 302798 301803
      306805 313813 318813 323811 331804 337795 343785 353766
      358756 363746 367738 368732
 0.50 377078 377076 376074 374075 375078 376079 377078
 0.50 374017 372008 374005 376999 375993 373990 369987 364985
      359987 357990 355994 354000 351011 352022 354027 359029
      368031 372023 374017
 0.50 298817 298812 293813 287816 281819 276825 274832 273841
      275849 277851 282851 287846 291841 294834 296826 297819
      298817
 0.50 293081 293077 291076 287075 283075 280076 278076 275077
      272079 274082 277084 279084 282085 286085 288084 290083
      293081
 0.50 275807 274804 272803 270801 266801 263801 259802 256803
      254805 254808 256809 258809 262810 265809 269809 273808
      275807
 1.00 437112 436112 435111 435112 436112 437112
 1.00 431097 431096 429094 431097 431097
 1.00 426113 426110 424110 424112 426113 426113
 1.00 365021 365018 365016 365014 364012 363010 362010 360010
      358011 356013 356014 355016 356018 356020 357022 357023
      359024 361023 362023 363023 365022 365021
 1.00 355750 354746 351745 347746 343748 339752 335757 328768
      319778 318783 317788 318793 323795 320801 319804 321807
      327803 335793 341782 348771 352757 355750
 1.00 294822 295819 294816 290820 287822 283824 280827 279832
      278836 279840 282841 284841 288838 290835 292830 293826
      294822
 1.50 362018 361016 360015 358015 357016 358017 358018 359020
      361019 362018
 1.50 345765 344762 341760 336767 333772 333783 329789 326795
      325801 330796 334791 336784 341777 344771 345765
 1.50 291824 289824 287825 284827 282829 280831 280834 281838
      283839 286837 287835 289833 290831 291826 291824
 2.00 287831 286830 284830 283831 283833 284834 285833 286833
      287831

24HR QP VT 05/12Z
 0.01 510297 506290 504281 504271 505260 507255 509250 511246
      514243 517240 516238 520229 519226 517225 514225 511228
      509235 508230 510226 513223 519225 520228 522224 523222
      525217 529215 532214 534211 537207 538204 524199 509199
      500197 492194 489193 487190 482188 483178 482171 470163
      468161 466164 462171 459174 459180 456184 453188 451190
      448191 445192 443196 439203 437208 438213 438216 436218
      431222 424232 422234 421237 421240 414238 409232 408230
      409225 417214 419210 421204 417196 411191 409185 411172
      410166 410161 407152 409143 413135 417130 425115 429113
      432112 431109 429101 427094 426084 427082 424078 415076
      409077 401079 397078 393076 383074 381074 377071 371068
      370064 370059 367050 367048 369045 374042 379042 382040
      386040 389037 389034 390031 389029 388027 382020 379013
      376008 372999 367994 357992 353991 350989 345985 335985
      333982 333978 332975 334973 341964 345959 350955 358941
      360934 364927 366923 367918 366906 366883 361843 360834
      358828 357819 359812 361803 361798 363795 362792 369790
      373790 375791 381796 383798 385804 388804 389808 390815
      392819 392828 393833 394835 395841 396845 399852 403867
      406876 408880 411884 413891 416895 418899 424912 428921
      432929 435937 439944 450971 460981 469991 473998 479004
      488015 502022 507024 509026 517027 530034 534040 537045
      546057 549063 552066 555075 557085 560101
 0.01 539208 539210 537213 535215 535217 536220
 0.01 501621 499624 496622 493619 489618 485620 482623 475626
      470627 466626 455629 448630 441635 429646 425650 418653
      410654 401656 397656 395657 387663 363685 358691 352695
      348700 344701 338709 321732 316740 313746 306758 295770
      289774 284779 276786 269791 255798 252800 249803 247805
      245809 242815 239815 237812 231798 227793 223793 222797
      224819 224823 227826 225835 224840 226843 230842 232839
      235830 242827 244824 247823 248825 252829 255832 258834
      266838 272841 277843 284846 287854 285858 283861 279871
      279880 278888 276911 277923 281929 287944 290950 291953
      295954 309950 313944 314940 315932 314921 314914 313909
      318896 317891 316884 314873 311854 309844 308832 308827
      309825 311817 314811 318804 320801 325800 332795 339791
      346785 351780 355779 357781 361781 365778 374779 383782
      387776 394764 399756 401751 404748 408748 410749 415753
      418763 417773 418786 419792 422798 425806 427815 431826
      434836 437845 440856 443863 446869 449877 456875 459876
      464883 466885 468883 468878 466872 466868 462859 460855
      460850 456842 454833 450824 447813 446799 446788 446783
      447779 454777 457781 458786 460799 461810 464819 467829
      469833 472835 475835 478837 483839 486837 495825 501819
      506810 513791 521757 525738 524723 522710 519687 519677
      521670
 0.01 533867 533859 531854 533852 532848 532843 529841 527844
      524844 523850 523857 525863 527868 529870 531870 533867
 0.01 489320 488317 487314 485313 484312 482311 481311 480313
      480316 479318 481319 482320 484320 486321 487322 489320
      489320
 0.01 448167 449160 448154 447151 445152 443157 442164 441171
      439175 437179 436183 437187 440188 442183 443179 446172
      448167
 0.01 436129 437126 437124 436122 435121 434119 432120 432121
      433123 433126 434126 434128 435130 436129
 0.01 416213 415210 415208 415205 414205 412204 410206 409209
      411211 411212 412212 414212 416213
 0.01 316050 317045 315045 311044 310041 308034 306030 303030
      301031 299036 298044 296046 296050 296052 300053 305051
      307053 310053 315052 316050
 0.01 308091 307079 304070 302067 297064 292063 286063 274062
      268061 264059 256055 247052 241051 236052 232054 231059
      231064 234068 240074 253086 267098 275104 282108 291110
      297110 300108 305100 308091
 0.01 261780 260776 256774 251774 247776 246779 244781 243785
      245787 247790 251790 254787 258787 260782 261780
 0.01 258010 258006 257004 256002 255000 251000 249000 247002
      247006 247010 247012 249016 250016 252018 254017 256016
      257012 258010
 0.01 240779 240777 238775 236775 234775 232776 231778 232780
      233782 235783 237782 239781 240779 240779
 0.25 556125 555115 551107 546102 542101 537105 531108 519107
      513111 509116 505123 504129 503134 503141 501145 500151
      500157 503159 506158 512157 526161 532162 537167 541174
      547178
 0.25 521268 520267 518267 517267 516267 515268 514269 514271
      513274 513277 514280 515281 516283
 0.25 527087 519074 515072 513071 513069 510064 507062 500057
      498059 494059 487046 477034 473027 468020 460007 451995
      431970 427963 423955 421948 417940 414933 409928 406925
      404921 401911 398902 395895 388881 384863 381852 379848
      378846 376848 374857 375866 379884 379897 378908 376917
      373925 366941 363949 360954 355960 352968 352972 353976
      361980 368983 374986 381989 387987 390985 395986 400990
      410005 418018 425030 438064 442070 449075 455077 461082
      469083 476083 493084 498084 502085 506089 510096 515101
      520101 524097 527087
 0.25 488660 452645 444649 439652 426661 413666 401671 395676
      390680 384685 378689 373695 369699 363708 344729 337740
      330750 327755 324761 321776 318783 318789 320791 322790
      327786 336777 346767 356761 361757 365755 368757 374760
      379759 383752 386744 391732 396721 399719 402717 406719
      410722 414722 420718 428707 430701 428696 422694 421690
      422687 425684 428682 435681 438684 439687 442687 444689
      445696 446702 446705 449707 452708 455706 464694 474685
      480682 484679 486674 485667 488660
 0.25 479739 479737 478734 477734 477737 477740 478741 479739
 0.25 445749 444744 441743 439744 437748 435753 433756 431761
      431767 431771 435770 438767 441762 442759 444754 445749
 0.25 299093 299085 298080 294075 288072 275069 264066 260065
      257065 253069 251071 248072 249073 257081 266088 275094
      280097 287098 294098 298095 299093
 0.25 305924 305918 305911 304907 300904 297901 293900 294903
      294910 294916 294922 295929 298931 302933 304931 305925
      305924
 0.25 297815 295812 291813 286818 285821 284825 287827 289826
      291827 289831 287833 287837 290839 294840 296841 297838
      296830 294825 292824 296819 297815
 0.25 291895 292893 291891 290893 290895 291896 291895
 0.25 276813 275809 273807 271806 269805 265805 261805 258806
      256808 256811 257813 259815 261817 264819 266819 270818
      272817 274816 276813
 0.50 555135 553127 550118 548115 546114 541119 536125 531128
      528130 525134 527140 531147 535153 539159 544166 548171
 0.50 481060 481053 477049 470041 467038 464032 461023 455012
      451009 446008 444007 444003 442997 436988 429981 421975
      419973 417974 417978 416986 417993 420005 424015 430024
      435033 446052 449056 455059 462065 466067 473067 477066
      480062 481060
 0.50 456660 455655 454653 451652 448655 447656 443659 442661
      442664 444665 447665 448668 452668 454666 456663 456660
 0.50 419678 414676 407678 396684 385691 376698 368707 361715
      349735 346741 343746 339749 337755 335761 335765 345760
      353752 361743 364738 367734 372731 377727 394710 409693
      415684 419678
 0.50 404947 400940 397931 394911 392905 390902 387902 385906
      383915 379922 371937 364952 361961 357967 357971 361974
      368977 376979 380979 384977 387970 391962 395954 398950
      401949 404947
 0.50 294092 293085 289081 285078 280075 274073 267071 263071
      263074 266078 268083 273087 278089 284091 291093 294092
 1.00 550148 551146 551143 551140 551137 549134 548133 546133
      544134 544136 543137 542138 542141 542142 543144 544145
      544147 545148 546149 548150 550150 550148
 1.00 388945 388938 387934 385929 382929 377936 372945 369954
      366963 364967 366970 370972 373972 381968 384964 385959
      387947 388945
 1.50 382949 383945 382942 379943 377944 375947 375949 375954
      373958 372961 371963 371966 374965 377963 379961 380958
      380954 381952 382949

24HR QP VT 06/12Z
 0.01 557092 558075 558068 557064 554053 551042 544024 534011
      527004 521996 515991 510990 508988 500985 496982 494976
      489964 482969 479974 475971 470965 468960 469954 467952
      463951 454947 449940 440930 433923 426914 415900 413897
      410891 407880 403868 401855 399843 398839 397833 392811
      390806 389800 387790 385784 385778 383766 377740 373740
      368739 365740 366743 365746 365752 360756 353760 349764
      343766 341770 340775 340786 339792 336795 323805 320808
      317808 312803 306798 300794 293788 289785 285783 281780
      278780 273778 268779 258777 254778 253782 250793 247802
      245809 251814 265823 277831 278836 279842 279854 280869
      281883 281907 282915 283920 286931 287943 299944 303942
      305939 310931 314925 319922 324923 331925 333928 334934
      334948 334954 335956 338957 339960 341964 344971 349982
      353983 358983 365983 367985 368988 373999 379008 383006
      384999 380990 378986 381984 383984 387986 393987 398993
      409006 415010 421013 431018 431026 429030 428030 419033
      414032 410031 401031 394026 389025 387026 384026 379028
      377028 376030 373039 371045 372047 389052 398056 402057
      404059 405065 408068 413073 419083 420088 420097 419104
      416108 413110 414116 414122 415128 413139 414141 413146
      415152 417165 419175 422178 425180 427190 430192 434192
      439188 444183 456170 462162 465157 466149 468136 472125
      476114 477107 477101 473091 471085 469082 470078 477060
      484055 491061 496066 502072 514084 523102 528114 531119
      534123 536128 540132 541135 546136 549135 551131 552122
      554116 555102 556094 557092
 0.01 528727 527711 524701 522695 520691 517687 512683 506679
      501674 495666 492662 490657 485645 481639 474633 470630
      467629 462630 459633 453640 449650 445660 442680 441692
      441700 441706 437714 432721 429725 428730 430738 432744
      436753 438757 439762 444774 448783 450787 454791 459795
      478797 482799 487798 491797 494795 501790 509781 511773
      514762 514755 516751 519746 522744 523742 526735 528727
 0.01 309096 308084 302072 297063 290053 284045 275038 270035
      263035 251038 242042 232047 228051 227057 229063 234067
      241074 244079 248085 261102 267109 272114 278115 285116
      289115 299109 305104 309096
 0.25 522041 523034 522029 519025 516024 508022 506020 504016
      494002 488995 484994 480995 477997 473997 465995 461990
      456984 454978 454970 450960 446952 441947 435942 428940
      420938 413936 408930 405922 403916 402909 400896 398874
      395854 391831 388818 385809 381799 377792 373786 370785
      367786 362807 359816 359821 363823 363830 363842 363862
      363869 361874 358883 349899 347907 345916 346921 349923
      355927 362933 365935 368940 371943 375944 382942 390940
      394938 397936 398933 400933 404933 407935 411943 412947
      411950 412958 413963 417971 426986 429992 434999 440004
      447010 455015 461018 474029 476030 478034 484034 491031
      496032 501032 504029 506027 508028 514037 518043 520044
      522041
 0.25 478679 478678 476678 475680 476681 478680 478679
 0.25 455670 454670 452671 453673 454672 455670
 0.25 463119 462114 464104 463101 460099 455096 448094 441095
      437098 434107 436114 439122 441128 441135 437141 436144
      436150 439155 444156 447155 450151 454142 457137 455135
      454133 455130 458124 463119 463119
 0.25 311879 311877 311875 310874 308875 307878 307880 308882
      308884 309885 309884 310882 310880 311879
 0.25 302823 301821 299818 297815 295814 293813 290813 287814
      285817 284819 285821 287823 291824 293824 296825 300825
      302823
 0.25 301918 301916 301914 301912 301910 300910 299907 297905
      295906 294908 294910 294912 295914 295916 296918 297920
      298920 299920 301918 301918
 0.25 271806 270804 268802 265801 261801 257803 256805 255808
      256810 258813 260814 264814 266812 268810 270808 271806
 0.50 490020 491018 490015 488013 486013 485014 484015 483017
      482019 483022 484023 486023 488023 488022 489021 490020
 0.50 449988 448978 448973 447967 446961 442956 435952 430954
      429957 429964 431971 436978 440985 445989 448989 449988
 0.50 394899 395891 395884 394867 392854 389840 386828 382816
      379811 375808 373809 371813 370817 369830 368844 366871
      360896 357906 357912 359916 366922 372932 376934 380934
      384931 387926 391915 394901 394899
 1.00 390888 390878 390867 387849 384843 381836 380834 377835
      375842 373849 373857 370876 368891 368901 371909 373915
      377920 379923 381922 384914 386908 388899 390888
 1.50 386888 387877 386865 384857 380855 376862 375871 373880
      372889 373898 374903 376907 380904 384897 386889 386888
 2.00 383886 383882 383879 381875 381870 380870 378873 377877
      376880 376883 376886 376889 377893 379893 381891 382888
      383886

$$




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