Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 302140
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
539 PM EDT THU MAR 30 2017


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID MAR 31/0000 UTC THRU APR 03/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


EASTERN U.S.

THE PARADE OF STRONG CLOSED LOW AFFECTING THE U.S. WILL CONTINUE
DAY 1 WITH THE LEAD SYSTEM PUSHING FROM THE LOWER MO
VALLEY---THROUGH THE OH VALLEY AND INTO THE CENTRAL
APPALACHIANS/MID ATLANTIC REGION.  OVERALL THERE IS GOOD AGREEMENT
AMONG THE MODELS WITH THE POTENTIAL FOR A WIDESPREAD AREA OF
MODERATE TO HEAVY PRECIPITATION TOTALS STRETCHING FROM THE EASTERN
GULF COAST---THRU THE SOUTHEAST---UPPER TN
VALLEY--APPALACHIANS---UPPER OH VALLEY---MID ATLANTIC INTO NY
STATE AND WESTERN NEW ENGLAND.  THERE ARE THE USUAL AMOUNT OF QPF
DETAIL DIFFERENCES AMONG THE MODELS---BUT GENERAL AGREEMENT ON ONE
PRECIP MAX AHEAD OF THE CLOSED LOW AND PRIMARY SURFACE LOW TRACK
THROUGH THE UPPER OH VALLEY---CENTRAL APPALACHIANS INTO THE
EASTERN LAKES REGION---WITH A SECOND MAX FARTHER TO THE EAST IN
THE VICINITY OF THE SECONDARY CYCLOGENESIS IN THE LEE OF THE
CENTRAL APPALACHIANS---WITH THIS MAX EXTENDING NORTHEASTWARD INTO
THE MID ATLANTIC.   COLD AIR IN PLACE AHEAD OF THIS CLOSED LOW
WILL SUPPORT ACCUMULATING SNOW POTENTIAL THRU THE CENTRAL TO
NORTHERN HUDSON VALLEY OF NY---ADIRONDACKS---SOUTHERN GREEN OF VT
AND BERKSHIRES OF MA.  SEE THE LATEST QPFHSD FOR ADDITIONAL WINTER
WEATHER INFORMATION.

MORE MODEL SPREAD ALONG THE IMMEDIATE EASTERN GULF COAST FROM THE
FL PANHANDLE---SOUTHEASTWARD ALONG THE WEST COAST OF THE PENINSULA
WITH THE CURRENT AREA OF ACTIVE CONVECTION.  MODELS DIVERGE AS TO
WHETHER THIS ACTIVITY WILL WEAKEN---PUSH SOUTHEASTWARD INTO THE
GULF OR SOUTHEAST AND AFFECT THE WEST COAST OF FL.  AT THE
MOMENT---FAVORED THE CMC GEM FORECAST WHICH SEEMED TO HAVE A GOOD
HANDLE ON THE EVOLUTION FROM OVERNIGHT---WITH THIS FORECAST
SPREADING MODERATE TO LOCALLY HEAVY TOTALS FROM THE FL
PANHANDLE---SOUTHEASTWARD ALONG THE WEST COAST OF FL.

WESTERN U.S.


IN THE WAKE OF THE LEAD CLOSED LOW MOVING INTO THE OH VALLEY
TONIGHT---THE NEXT STRONG CLOSED LOW WILL CONTINUE TO AMPLIFY OVER
THE GREAT BASIN TONIGHT---SINKING EAST SOUTHEASTWARD TOWARD THE
FOUR CORNERS REGION DURING FRIDAY.  STRONG LARGE SCALE LIFT AHEAD
OF THIS SYSTEM IN AN AXIS OF ABOVE AVERAGE PW VALUES WILL ALSO
SUPPORT A WIDESPREAD REGION OF MODERATE TO LOCALLY HEAVY
PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS TO THE NORTHEAST OF THIS CLOSED LOW TRACK
ACROSS THE GREAT BASIN AND CENTRAL TO NORTHERN ROCKIES.
OVERALL---GOOD MASS FIELD AND QPF AGREEMENTS AMONG THE MODELS IS
LEADING TO AN ABOVE AVERAGE CONFIDENCE FORECAST THIS PERIOD.
HEAVY SNOWS LIKELY THROUGH THE WASATCH/UINTA OF UT---TETONS---WIND
RIVER AND BIG HORN OF WY AND SAN JUANS OF SOUTHWEST CO.  SEE THE
LATEST QPFHSD FOR ADDITIONAL WINTER WEATHER INFORMATION.


DAYS 2 AND 3...


...NORTHEAST...

SECONDARY LOW PRESSURE DEVELOPING OVER THE MID ATLANTIC STATES
EARLY ON DAY 2 WILL TRACK SOUTH OF LONG ISLAND NY BEFORE MOVING
OFF THE SOUTHEAST NEW ENGLAND COAST BY THE END OF THE PERIOD. THE
TRACK OF THE SURFACE LOW SHOULD PRODUCE HEAVY QPF AMOUNTS ACROSS
MUCH OF SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL NEW ENGLAND...AS WELL AS PORTIONS OF
EASTERN NY STATE. THERE IS STILL A FAIR AMOUNT OF SPREAD WITH THE
TRACK OF THE SURFACE LOW...AND THE PLACEMENT OF THE HIGHEST QPF
AMOUNTS...WITH THE 12Z GFS CONTINUING THAT MODELS TREND OF BEING
FASTER AND FURTHER SOUTH WITH THE MAXIMUM QPF. THE 00Z ECMWF
ENSEMBLE HAS BEEN FAIRLY STEADY WITH THE PLACEMENT OF THE HIGHEST
QPF AXIS...BUT THE AMOUNTS LOOKED LOW...SO THIS SOLUTION WAS
BLENDED WITH THE 00Z ECMWF OPERATIONAL RUN TO PRODUCE THE WPC QPF
AMOUNTS.

AS A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW TRACKS FROM WV TO SOUTH OF THE NYC METRO
AREA DURING THE FIRST PART OF DAY 2...LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH THE MID
LEVEL SYSTEM SPINS UP SURFACE LOW PRESSURE ON A LOW LEVEL
BAROCLINIC ZONE OVER THE MID ATLANTIC COAST. THE SURFACE LOW THEN
FOLLOWS THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM TO A POSITION OF THE SOUTHEAST MA BY
THE END OF THE PERIOD. THE BEST LIFT WITH THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM
OCCURS EARLY ACROSS PORTIONS OF PA INTO NJ...AS A 30 KNOT LOW
LEVEL INFLOW TRANSPORTS 0.75/1.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR AND
ELEVATED INSTABILITY TO THIS AREA. AS THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM REACHES
A POSITION SOUTH OF LONG ISLAND NY...THE MID LEVEL FORCING ROTATES
AROUND THE MID LEVEL CENTER...MOVING INTO SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL NEW
ENGLAND BEFORE 02/00Z.

THE 12Z GFS WAS MARKEDLY SOUTH OF THIS POSITION WITH ITS
SOLUTION...AND THE CONSENSUS WITH TO PLACE THE BEST LIFT OVER
CT/MA/NH/SOUTHERN ME IN THE 01/18Z TO 02/00Z TIME FRAME. A 30 KNOT
LOW LEVEL EAST SOUTHEAST INFLOW TRANSPORTS 0.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE
WATER AIR INTO THE REGION...AND UPSLOPE FLOW SHOULD AID IN PLACING
A LARGE AREA OF 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES OF QPF STRETCHING FROM
SOUTHEAST VT ACROSS NORTHERN AND EASTERN MA INTO SOUTHERN NH.
SOUTHEAST OF INTERSTATE 95...THE PRECIPITATION SHOULD FALL
PRIMARILY AS RAIN...SO LOCAL URBAN RUNOFF ISSUES ARE POSSIBLE.
HOWEVER...THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE GENERALLY
FAIRLY HIGH...SO ORGANIZED FLASH FLOODING IS NOT EXPECTED.

THE SURFACE AND MID LEVEL SYSTEM TRACK OFF THE SOUTHEAST MA COAST
TO A POSITION SOUTH OF NOVA SCOTIA DURING DAY 3. THE BEST MID
LEVEL FORCING BRUSHES THE DOWNEAST ME COAST...MAINLY DURING THE
FIRST HALF OF THE PERIOD. THERE IS STILL SOME MODEL SPREAD
CONCERNING HOW MUCH LIFT CROSSES THIS AREA...BUT THE MODEL
CONSENSUS SUGGESTS QPF AMOUNTS OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES ARE POSSIBLE.

HEAVY SNOWFALL IS EXPECTED ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF INTERIOR
NEW ENGLAND DURING DAY 2. PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC
WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...SOUTHERN PLAINS INTO THE LOWER AND MID MS VALLEY...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY AT THE BASE OF A LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE
ROCKIES WILL INTERACT WITH DEEP MOISTURE STREAMING NORTHWARD
ACROSS THE SOUTHERN PLAINS AND LOWER MS VALLEY TO PRODUCE HEAVY TO
LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ACROSS THE REGION...MAINLY DURING DAY
3. THERE WAS A FAIR AMOUNT OF SPREAD IN THE PLACEMENT OF THE
MAXIMUM QPF AMOUNTS...WITH THE 12Z GFS AND 12Z NAM NOT NEARLY AS
DEEP WITH THE LONG WAVE TROUGH. THE 12Z NON-NCEP CAMP PLACED MORE
EMPHASIS ON THE SOUTHERN END OF THE TROUGH...AND AT THIS POINT
THAT SOLUTION LOOKS MORE CORRECT. THESE MODELS COMPRISED THE BASIS
FOR THE WPC QPF.

AHEAD OF A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW CROSSING THE SOUTHWEST STATES
DURING DAY 2...AN INCREASING LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS
1.25/1.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ACROSS TX INTO OK/KS. MODEL
SOUNDINGS SHOWED MODERATE TO LOCALLY STRONG INSTABILITY DEVELOPING
IN THE MOISTURE PLUME...WHICH SHOULD FEED DEVELOPING CONVECTION
OVER THE ABOVE MENTIONED AREAS. WHILE THERE WAS SOME MODEL SPREAD
CONCERNING THE PLACEMENT OF THE CONVECTION (DUE TO TIMING ISSUES
WITH THE MID LEVEL LOW)...THERE WAS ENOUGH SUPPORT FOR AN AXIS OF
0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF STRETCHING FROM NORTHEAST TX ACROSS
CENTRAL OK INTO WESTERN AND CENTRAL KS.

THE LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSES THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN PLAINS
DURING DAY 3. LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH A STRONG SHORT WAVE DROPPING TO
THE BASE OF THE TROUGH SPINS UP LOW PRESSURE ON A FRONTAL BOUNDARY
ALONG THE RIO GRANDE RIVER...WHICH TRACKS TO THE EAST TX/LA BORDER
BY THE END OF THE PERIOD. AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE AND COLD FRONT
ASSOCIATED WITH THE DEVELOPING SURFACE LOW...A 25 TO 35 KNOT LOW
LEVEL SOUTH SOUTHWESTERLY INFLOW TRANSPORTS 1.50/1.75 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) ACROSS EAST TX INTO WESTERN LA AND
SOUTHEAST AR. MODEL SOUNDINGS IN THE PLUME SHOWED MODERATE TO
STRONG INSTABILITY...AND STRONG...MAINLY OUTFLOW DOMINATED
CONVECTION IS EXPECTED. HOWEVER...AS THE CORFIDI VECTORS BECOME
BETTER ALIGNED WITH THE 850-300 MB MEAN FLOW...TRAINING IS
POSSIBLE...ESPECIALLY ACROSS PORTIONS OF EASTERN TX INTO SOUTHWEST
AR.

AS MENTIONED EARLIER...THERE IS A FAIR AMOUNT OF MODEL SPREAD
CONCERNING WHERE THE CONVECTION FORMS AND TRACKS. A CONSENSUS
POSITION OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS WAS USED TO SIMULATE THE POSITION OF
THE EXPECTED CONVECTION...WHICH RESULTED IN STREAKS OF 2.00 TO
2.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS EASTERN TX INTO SOUTHWEST AR...AS WELL
AS SOUTHEAST TX INTO NORTHWEST LA. IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT BOTH
THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS HAD HIGHER AMOUNTS IN THEIR QPF STRIPES...BUT IN
DIFFERENT LOCATIONS. GIVEN THE SPREAD...THE FORECAST CONFIDENCE IN
THE PLACEMENT OF THE CONVECTION IS BELOW AVERAGE...AND FORECAST
CHANGES ARE POSSIBLE MOVING FORWARD.


...ROCKIES/GREAT BASIN...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW SLOWLY CROSSES NM DURING DAY 2...SPINNING
UP LOW PRESSURE ALONG THE FRONT RANGE OF THE ROCKIES.
STRENGTHENING UPSLOPE FLOW WILL TRANSPORT INCREASING MOISTURE TO
THE FRONT RANGE...RESULTING IN HEAVY QPF AMOUNTS. MOISTURE WRAPPED
AROUND THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM WILL AFFECT THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES
DURING DAY 3. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT CONCERNING
THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND
OF THE 12Z
ECMWF/GFS.

AS THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW TRUNDLES ACROSS NM DURING DAY 2...A
STRENGTHENING LOW LEVEL EASTERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS 0.50 TO 0.75 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS ABOUT TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS
ABOVE THE MEAN) TO THE FRONT RANGE OF THE ROCKIES. THE FLOW
BECOMES UPSLOPE...WHICH FOCUSES THE MOISTURE ON THE ROCKIES OF CO
INTO THE SANGRE DE CRISTO RANGE IN NORTHERN NM. THE STRONG MOIST
UPSLOPE FEEDS A DEVELOPING AREA OF MID LEVEL FORCING THAT CROSSES
THE FRONT RANGE IN CO. THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 1.50
INCHES OF QPF STRETCHING ROM THE FRONT RANGE AND PALMER DIVIDE TO
THE PLAINS OF SOUTHEAST CO. ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN...THE
PRECIPITATION FALLS MAINLY IN THE FORM OF SNOW...BUT ACROSS THE
PLAINS...THE COLUMN IS WARM ENOUGH TO PRODUCE MAINLY HEAVY
RAINFALL. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS
1.50 TO 2.00 INCHES OVER THE PLAINS...SO A MARGINAL RISK WAS
MAINTAINED FOR DAY 2.

THE MID LEVEL BAND OF FORCING WEAKEN SLOWLY ON DAY 3. THE BAND IS
EXPECTED TO PRODUCE LOCAL 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF.

HEAVY SNOWFALL IS EXPECTED ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE CO
ROCKIES DURING DAY 2. PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC
WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST/NORTHERN ROCKIES...

FAST MOVING SHORT WAVES IN THE NORTHERN STREAM WILL AFFECT THE
PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND NORTHERN ROCKIES DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. THERE
WAS SOME SPREAD AMONG MODEL SOLUTIONS CONCERNING THE TIMING OF THE
SHORT WAVES. IN AN ATTEMPT TO MITIGATE SOME OF THE MODEL
DIFFERENCES...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z
ECMWF/GFS.

THE FIRST SHORT WAVE IN THE FAST FLOW CROSSES THE PACIFIC
NORTHWEST AND NORTHERN ROCKIES DURING THE MIDDLE OF DAY 2. AHEAD
OF THE SHORT WAVE...A 20 KNOT LOW LEVEL WESTERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS
0.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ACROSS THE REGION...AND THE
UPSLOPE FLOW PRODUCES AN AXIS OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS
THE WA CASCADES. THE SECOND SHORT WAVE CROSSES THE REGION DURING
DAY 3. MOISTURE IS MORE LIMITED WITH THIS FEATURE...SO LIGHT QPF
AMOUNTS (GENERALLY BETWEEN 0.10 AND 0.25 INCHES) WERE RELEGATED TO
THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN FRONT RANGE IN MT.

ORAVEC/HAYES

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML



24HR QP VT 01/00Z
 0.01 524251 524244 521239 515237 509235 501237 492241 483244
      474248 465251 457259 454262 452271 454285 454291 455294
      453298 453300 455302 459305 465308 469313 477320 483323
      488323 493322 496318 502308 509297 514284 519271 521257
      524251
 0.01 515156 514151 511147 503138 492117 488120 484117 481112
      479110 479105 481100 484095 492081 498075 501070 504065
      510054 513048 514038 514027 510023 506019 501018 497016
      494013 493010 492006 492002 490997 486998 482001 478006
      476011 471024 469028 467030 461030 455029 449026 446022
      440019 419024 416022 409021 405024 402029 399033 395033
      393031 388028 381028 370028 370041 369050 370053 373055
      374057 370058 367058 364060 363070 356078 352082 351091
      353096 353100 352102 348107 344111 342112 342115 346120
      351130 353134 354140 357144 360143 366142 373143 377143
      383145 387150 386159 385165 384168 387170 385177 380180
      357182 350183 351187 355188 361189 368191 373193 375196
      379197 383194 388185 390181 396179 409176 415177 416185
      418190 424191 426191 428187 428183 424178 426171 428165
      427158 426152 427145 429138 433134 435136 436139 435146
      434150 436154 438160 442164 444169 447175 446178 443179
      440180 439183 438188 441200 442205 444203 448199 452193
      460186 464181 463175 458173 458165 459162 463161 469163
      471161 472158 472153 470151 468147 467143 467137 468133
      471135 476138 482141 484143 487144 497150 505157 508160
      512161 515156
 0.01 465219 463215 459215 451216 443219 434219 427220 423222
      421224 430229 437227 444225 448224 453224 458225 462223
      465219
 0.01 472818 470803 469797 468789 466775 466768 465759 464748
      462742 461735 459731 446715 441708 438704 434702 418691
      411687 399690 374696 364699 357705 342720 312747 306753
      299760 290766 283772 275778 272781 269784 263793 258801
      248816 243824 241829 240835 235855 234860 237862 245862
      248865 250869 249873 243881 243886 245891 245893 249894
      253895 259895 266895 275891 285888 294884 305884 310885
      314886 319888 323891 329893 334894 340893 345891 356888
      374880 381876 385873 390874 392875 395877 393883 390890
      389895 386908 381908 376911 373914 371918 369923 371929
      373933 377935 386938 392939 396940 409941 415943 421943
      428938 431935 434931 438921 441911 445899 448885 451873
      458851 461847 463843 464835 466829 472818
 0.01 318795 317792 315792 308793 303795 297797 293801 292807
      293811 297810 302812 308813 311809 316804 317798 318795
 0.25 515269 516265 516259 513255 509250 506250 504252 500255
      495255 486260 482263 479270 477278 476283 476288 477294
      479301 483306 486308 490307 498302 506292 508287 511279
      515269
 0.25 489043 488038 486032 482030 480029 476031 474036 474044
      476049 478052 483053 487050 488045 489043
 0.25 465109 466102 466093 464079 463072 460065 454057 448049
      442039 437036 433034 429032 424032 420034 414035 410039
      407043 403045 397045 390044 386043 383044 385065 385071
      384073 381072 379067 375063 369062 369068 372081 373087
      376094 378097 380103 378117 374121 372128 374133 379136
      388139 396144 400142 403135 409126 414124 418126 419128
      420131 419139 417145 416154 419151 421147 423139 425131
      426124 427120 428113 428107 425102 424097 426097 430101
      432104 437105 442103 447104 448107 447111 446116 449122
      452124 454122 460116 463113 465109
 0.25 459783 459777 459770 457755 453744 449734 439721 432714
      426708 420706 414706 409707 401713 396720 387735 384740
      381742 377744 372746 355744 348745 336749 327753 321759
      316765 315770 315775 314780 318782 325786 335802 337805
      337811 336822 335827 332831 325836 318839 314839 310837
      302833 298832 296828 295825 292824 289824 287825 287820
      286816 283813 279812 273812 273807 269808 263813 257819
      253828 246843 246849 249851 254858 269864 271868 272872
      275876 279877 288875 294872 305869 315868 324866 328863
      328859 326854 329851 334849 339849 340854 341857 340859
      338863 337869 337875 340878 348878 358877 365873 370871
      373868 378867 382865 398857 412847 418842 425838 431837
      435838 437844 439847 442848 444846 447843 452835 454824
      455813 456795 459783
 0.25 448087 448085 447084 447082 446081 445079 444079 443077
      441076 439076 439079 440081 441082 442084 444085 445087
      447088 448087
 0.25 411066 411063 410063 409063 408063 409065 409066 410066
      411066
 0.25 409896 409891 408889 406887 402887 401889 399892 399894
      399899 399903 401906 405904 406902 408898 409896
 0.50 507274 507272 505269 499270 494270 488270 484273 482283
      484291 486297 490299 495297 499294 503288 505281 507274
 0.50 460106 459095 458084 456074 452067 447060 444052 443048
      440045 433041 416043 415047 416050 422055 424058 426063
      423070 421073 419077 418082 418085 420089 424091 429097
      432099 436100 439098 443097 447098 450101 454109 458108
      460106
 0.50 454781 453772 452763 448746 446739 441733 434725 426719
      421716 417715 414716 409720 406724 402729 399735 392744
      388749 383754 371760 367764 364769 363774 358779 355780
      351781 350776 352770 355765 357759 357757 353755 342757
      329762 325767 324773 323777 325780 330783 349794 347807
      348813 345820 341831 341836 342840 346845 349849 349856
      347864 347868 349870 353873 359872 372867 377864 382860
      390851 398845 410840 417830 423819 427815 431811 435810
      439810 442815 445820 447816 448804 449798 454781
 0.50 451088 450085 448082 447080 445077 443075 441074 438074
      437076 437078 439082 440085 442087 445089 447091 450090
      451088
 0.50 414113 415105 414099 412094 408090 402089 398092 393102
      392108 389112 384114 381118 378122 375127 379131 385132
      389130 392126 396122 400122 406122 410119 414113
 0.50 380081 380078 380076 380074 379071 378070 377069 376068
      375066 373066 372066 372068 372071 373071 373073 373075
      374078 374080 375082 376082 377083 378083 379082 380081
 0.50 314858 314852 311848 307847 301847 298845 297842 297838
      294834 291831 289831 278834 275835 275832 280825 282821
      280817 275816 270817 266819 263822 260826 260829 262831
      264839 263843 262848 270851 278853 280855 278859 280862
      280865 281869 285872 294869 311863 314858
 1.00 455100 455098 455097 454098 455100 455101 455100
 1.00 453081 451076 449073 447069 444065 442061 439057 436057
      435061 433068 438070 443071 446074 448078 451081 453081
 1.00 445778 444765 442750 437741 431737 423736 418737 412738
      403742 397747 384760 377764 373767 371772 370781 367784
      365786 362786 362790 366791 370794 370798 366806 367808
      371804 376804 379807 383816 383822 382826 377834 376839
      373843 368849 367851 372852 378846 393837 403834 406832
      408828 409823 410816 407808 400802 397799 396793 396789
      397782 400779 404777 420781 433791 438793 441792 442789
      445778
 1.00 434097 434094 434090 433087 431085 431080 430077 429074
      426075 424077 423079 422084 423086 424089 426091 428094
      431097 432098 434097
 1.00 396115 396112 394112 390114 389115 387116 384118 383121
      382122 384126 387125 389123 391121 393119 394117 396115
 1.00 365809 360809 357812 354815 352818 350822 348827 349832
      353830 356826 358823 361818 362814 364810 365809
 1.00 364854 363852 362853 360854 362855 363854 364854
 1.50 437772 437768 437763 437758 436753 434749 433749 431752
      431754 430759 429762 431764 433767 434770 435774 437772
 1.50 433095 433094 432092 431090 430088 429087 428085 427084
      426084 425086 426089 428091 428092 429093 430094 431095
      433095 433095
 1.50 409761 409759 407759 406759 405759 404760 403762 404764
      404765 406764 408765 409763 409761 409761
 1.50 401765 399761 397761 392764 387765 383768 381771 379775
      381780 386779 390777 393775 396772 400770 401765
 1.50 404815 403813 401811 400809 398809 395812 394814 393817
      392821 390824 390826 390829 392828 396827 399826 401824
      402820 403818 404815

24HR QP VT 02/00Z
 0.01 543195 547173 549162 549156 548149 549143 548139 548133
      550126 553105 553099 552094 550086 542070 538064 535057
      532050 530046 528044 521044 515047 514052 511055 509058
      508064 507068 508071 509074 514075 517076 519079 518093
      518098 519104 519110 516112 510108 507106 504104 502103
      501109 500118 502128 504133 505137 500142 496143 484131
      472133 463144 459150 456156 448174 449178 450181 455182
      458180 462175 466167 473167 477172 481178 485181 488184
      490193 489195 486197 475203 464210 459215 453218 448222
      442227 438233 437237 435240 428257 427263 428266 431268
      433269 434273 434276 435279 444282 449281 453281 455286
      457289 460291 464297 471299 478298 492299 495301 497305
      502307 506301 510295 516282 524262 524260 525260 525257
      526255 527252 528250 528247 528245 530243 530240 531238
      532235 532233 532230 533229
 0.01 494684 490674 485669 476664 472664 466666 463670 457672
      449670 443664 441660 440653 438646 436641 431636 420639
      410644 393653 378664 364676 350689 343695 337703 332709
      326715 314727 307734 301742 295748 290755 284762 275766
      268771 263776 260780 259785 260790 265790 273793 282795
      286796 291795 296794 300793 306791 310789 315788 318785
      335776 344771 349769 352767 371768 376769 380771 382773
      383776 383779 379790 373796 363810 357817 355820 353826
      351831 353834 355837 357837 361834 366831 370829 377828
      388827 395831 403834 412835 416833 421833 431831 438826
      447820 454814 460808 466803 470799 471794 475784 478781
      482779 486770 490758 491746 493734 493721 492716 491711
      490706 490702 493695 493688 494684
 0.01 509983 508975 507965 504949 504939 503936 502930 502925
      501921 499917 496916 486911 481901 479899 477902 475905
      475909 479924 480927 479932 476939 472950 469957 467964
      467987 466006 465016 463023 456032 451035 447029 446022
      445013 443006 441002 437007 432009 429010 427006 429996
      430978 431971 431963 431957 430954 430943 426928 422914
      421912 418912 415912 414914 410921 408929 407931 407936
      405939 403938 398936 395936 393937 391945 391953 387958
      380958 372957 368956 354960 347959 343958 313953 308951
      305947 294943 291945 287945 280945 275942 268941 261941
      259942 260945 261952 264956 268960 271963 272968 275981
      277985 282989 290994 303000 309002 315003 327008 336013
      341017 345024 346027 346031 343040 340045 336049 332051
      328057 328062 330069 328076 328081 329083 329092 327102
      326105 329103 332105 334107 335110 338117 340125 343129
      347132 353133 359132 362130 362126 366127 369127 373129
      374132 377133 383132 393125 396121 401119 414118 420117
      425110 433106 441106 444107 447109 451112 456111 458108
      458104 459094 458086 459075 461067 463062 466055 470051
      475047 480041 489034 495025 501013 503007 505998 509983
 0.01 374109 375107 375105 375103 375100 374098 372098 370100
      368102 366104 364105 366107 368108 369110 371110 373110
      374109
 0.25 537210 539205 538199 537193 534187 530183 523173 519170
      514169 507169 503171 502176 505182 512192 515198 518203
      521208 523216 526220 531220 535217 537210
 0.25 520269 521260 520253 517242 515236 513230 512224 510219
      505216 502215 498212 493210 487208 482209 478211 475215
      488231 491243 492245 491248 487249 482247 479246 476247
      473251 474256 477260 478267 480273 482278 485282 489286
      494289 499291 504292 508290 512286 514282 520269
 0.25 469731 468723 466720 462714 459708 454698 447690 440684
      436679 433673 428661 427655 425652 423651 412653 401659
      383671 373676 365683 358692 351699 345706 342711 340717
      336728 333739 335746 338749 343751 349749 359745 365742
      371741 381744 386746 390748 394750 395757 395765 397770
      400776 401781 399786 395791 389799 393801 397799 413786
      418782 424780 434777 444772 449770 453767 461758 467749
      469731
 0.25 435095 435091 434088 433084 432082 428082 427083 425086
      424089 425091 426094 429096 431098 434097 435095
 0.25 420043 421037 420033 418022 415014 415003 413993 412979
      410975 407974 402974 398974 390976 380975 372973 367972
      362973 355975 344975 330972 322973 317974 314978 315983
      319985 328985 336984 339984 343987 351990 354992 357995
      361001 364005 363008 360018 357026 357031 357034 358041
      356047 355057 359064 373072 377079 382080 385078 387069
      391068 395070 401067 409063 414062 418058 419053 419048
      420043
 0.25 412106 412103 413101 413099 412096 410095 408094 406094
      405095 404097 403100 402102 402103 402104 401106 402108
      402109 403110 405111 407110 409109 410108 411107 412106
 0.25 383120 383117 384115 383114 383113 382110 380109 379110
      378111 378112 378114 378115 378117 379119 380119 381120
      383120 383120
 0.50 534212 536207 535203 532196 530190 526185 523180 518176
      514179 514184 515187 518193 522197 525201 527204 528209
      529211 532212 534212
 0.50 519265 518257 515251 512243 508238 504232 499228 495228
      495230 497239 498247 498253 497256 490256 483253 481255
      481259 484266 487273 490278 495284 502288 505287 508285
      512282 516276 518266 519265
 0.50 451714 449707 448705 443698 434688 430680 426671 423662
      420656 414660 406663 394671 378679 373684 369689 367696
      363704 361711 357716 352722 350725 352729 353737 357742
      365740 373736 382735 388737 393742 399745 410751 414753
      417753 419752 423753 425755 430754 438752 445752 449745
      451737 449729 445720 451714
 0.50 431094 431092 429091 428091 428092 429092 431094 431094
 0.50 409105 410103 410101 410098 408098 408099 407100 407103
      407105 409106 409105
 0.50 412057 413049 410042 407032 404020 401014 400009 399003
      400997 401993 399991 396991 391993 387997 386003 384008
      382013 377015 368019 365023 361027 360032 364035 370044
      370048 367048 363044 360045 360047 359056 364055 367052
      375056 386060 398062 406061 411059 412057
 0.50 367981 366980 365978 364978 362978 361980 360980 360983
      360985 361985 362984 364983 366982 367981
 1.00 515269 515267 515264 514262 514261 513258 512258 511256
      510255 509254 508256 507258 507261 507264 507265 507266
      507269 508270 509272 509273 511274 512274 513274 514272
      514271 515269
 1.00 436717 436711 434705 430697 425690 421685 417683 414682
      405683 398680 392681 384687 383691 385695 388696 393696
      401695 405696 407702 408714 408719 405723 401724 399728
      404734 410739 414736 416733 424734 432733 435731 437727
      436719 436717
 1.00 405051 403046 400044 396037 395025 389024 386024 381026
      379029 376030 373029 370031 368032 371035 375038 377042
      378047 381050 385052 390053 398056 401057 404056 405051
 1.50 429714 428712 426711 425711 423713 423714 424715 424717
      426720 427720 428719 429716 429714
 1.50 421704 421702 420700 419700 418699 416699 415701 414702
      414703 414706 415707 416707 417707 419706 420704 421704
 1.50 398050 397050 395050 394050 395051 397051 398050
 1.50 393041 392040 391038 389038 387040 387041 389042 390043
      391043 392042 393041

24HR QP VT 03/00Z
 0.01 479617 498635 503639 506645 507649 510655 512662 514673
      513677 512679 507685 501690 498691 496689 491690 488693
      485694 480701 470709 464714 461721 450729 442731 438731
      437729 439726 439721 438716 440712 444706 443700 440697
      435701 431706 427707 424706 421705 418703 414699 411692
      405675 403673 402668 404661 406654 407650 410647 412644
      416642 424636
 0.01 524262 526246 532232 537218 540198 539191 536183 532167
      526152 523145 522141 524136 526131 523126 519112 516099
      511084 510079 510074 511065 511061 513059 514061 518066
      524070 524076 524084 523094 526102 529106 534107 544104
      548102 552097 555092 558085 560075 560060 561048 561042
      563038 565032 565018 566005 566994 565977 565954 564935
      556941 552936 550927 545911 542901 539894 535888 530883
      527881 522881 516881 514879 510879 505880 501880 499878
      492878 488881 484888 483896 484900 487904 483914 465930
      465947 462962 462981 464986 467989 468993 470999 474005
      478012 481015 484018 484024 484031 486035 490042 491045
      491051 491056 488059 483062 481068 479077 480084 476090
      474093 471093 467092 464090 461089 459086 453076 448069
      445067 440067 435070 434076 437076 439075 443078 447082
      450088 452088 452092 447089 440088 437090 436092 438095
      441098 444099 446101 453103 455100 457098 458102 459109
      458118 462136 458142 454142 454149 451157 452164 457167
      471171 486172 494175 493182 492186 494189 495192 494196
      491198 481205 478207 472209 469210 465211 464214 462220
      461225 463228 470238 473241 476243 480249 489257 488263
      488266 489276 491286 494293 498299 504300 509297 513291
 0.01 482117 482115 482113 481110 480108 478107 476109 474111
      473113 472116 474118 475119 477121 479121 480120 482117
 0.01 449736 447734 442735 438736 435741 432744 431749 433752
      435754 440753 443750 445747 447741 449736 449736
 0.01 444147 445138 444135 444130 444126 443123 443115 440113
      436114 434119 434123 435126 435130 436134 435143 434150
      438153 441151 442149 444147
 0.01 451899 448873 447864 445858 441849 435838 433833 427834
      421836 418839 414842 411849 408857 404860 402865 395871
      386877 382879 375880 364880 343873 327864 324861 319860
      314859 307860 296863 293863 292866 290871 281894 274911
      268920 266929 263933 264937 261949 263954 267956 272959
      274966 272974 271988 270001 275010 278021 280031 281036
      287037 293039 300040 309043 318041 322040 326037 330034
      333029 337026 342025 349024 350022 349019 350015 352012
      356014 360025 363034 361035 358035 352034 346037 343040
      340045 334045 331046 327046 317049 316054 321058 330062
      335064 336069 330076 330081 334082 343076 346075 349075
      353078 360079 363077 373070 375064 374062 375058 382054
      386052 389048 384040 386035 391032 396030 399026 404017
      408012 410008 419996 428980 434972 442966 444963 447957
      450943 450936 449930 449913 451899
 0.01 428216 429211 428204 426193 422171 419166 420159 419153
      421147 420137 419135 416134 411136 407142 402153 402160
      402165 401178 401185 399190 400202 401214 403217 405220
      405224 400232 403235 407235 411235 415234 419230 422226
      425222 428216
 0.01 409110 409108 409105 409103 410101 410098 408096 406093
      405095 403095 403097 402100 402102 403104 403107 403109
      405112 407112 409110 409110
 0.01 384083 382083 380085 377084 374082 370084 368086 366090
      365095 369095 374094 377091 380088 382085 384083
 0.01 318838 315832 312826 307823 301821 290814 286810 280807
      276804 273803 269804 265804 264807 262815 264819 270822
      281825 287827 293831 297834 304838 308839 317839 318838
 0.01 300074 300067 297061 295056 292052 286051 285057 285064
      287068 290075 293079 298078 300074
 0.25 557021 558012 557006 553990 549981 547976 542973 539974
      536970 534964 531959 528956 525952 521949 515949 512951
      509955 508963 510969 517975 520979 521983 521989 518000
      518008 522012 526022 527028 527034 528039 533047 535051
      540054 543053 547050 550046 553039 556031 557021
 0.25 531208 531197 529188 527180 523173 518167 516165 511165
      509167 508172 506180 507185 510188 515193 521198 523200
      526204 527207 531208 531208
 0.25 517276 519271 519266 517260 514253 509249 506248 503257
      501261 498268 499274 502280 506285 508285 510284 513279
      517276
 0.25 451649 450644 448642 439644 431648 425652 420656 420662
      422665 428671 430672 435671 441666 445660 450654 451649
 0.25 425945 425937 423931 421926 418922 416920 412920 409915
      406910 403909 399909 391913 385914 380916 376919 373924
      370930 368932 367929 363920 357912 354906 347904 337901
      328898 321897 315898 305902 301905 297910 287927 282931
      280936 277940 275947 283966 284974 284981 281997 284008
      289017 291022 296027 301029 307027 316024 320021 323018
      342006 350001 360998 367998 374997 383992 392987 398979
      407972 413961 419954 425945
 0.25 374039 374037 374035 373033 372032 371032 370032 368034
      368037 369039 371041 373040 374039
 0.25 375024 375021 375019 374017 372017 370018 369019 369021
      370023 371023 372024 373025 375024
 0.50 439653 440650 438649 437651 435651 434652 433652 433655
      434656 436655 437654 439653 439653
 0.50 433657 432655 431655 430656 431656 433657 433657
 0.50 409947 409943 408941 403939 399942 395946 386953 383959
      380960 379964 374974 368976 361975 358976 356973 359967
      363963 370960 374958 377956 378954 377947 375941 374938
      370938 366941 361945 359947 359945 363935 362929 359925
      355921 351916 349914 345913 339911 330906 324905 319907
      313909 308913 305918 299921 292927 287931 284935 282940
      283949 285955 287962 290973 290981 289986 288001 289009
      291014 295017 298022 303021 308019 312018 314016 318011
      328005 332002 337000 341998 343996 347997 360995 373992
      377988 378982 382979 387977 391972 396968 403956 407952
      409947
 1.00 367987 366987 364987 363987 363989 364990 365990 366988
      367987
 1.00 362989 360988 359989 357989 358990 360991 362989
 1.00 354936 353932 349930 343928 340926 337917 333914 326915
      310924 294932 290933 287936 286942 287947 294954 296956
      299962 301965 301968 301976 300983 303985 308986 311982
      315979 319978 324978 327979 331978 334975 336964 341954
      346948 352941 354936
 1.00 326990 327985 325984 323986 318990 311993 305996 298998
      295006 297009 300008 307010 311009 315007 317005 318001
      323997 326990
 1.50 348941 348938 344935 340934 337930 335923 332920 328919
      323922 315927 310931 304937 300938 296937 292936 288938
      288942 290944 296950 301954 304958 306962 306973 310975
      315974 323972 328971 330969 334960 337953 343949 348941
      348941
 1.50 330941 331938 328938 325940 321943 317945 312945 312948
      316950 320952 323950 323947 325945 328942 330941
 2.00 340947 337941 334942 329947 325954 323956 321956 316958
      312960 310963 310967 312970 319969 325964 327961 330958
      335954 339948 340947
 2.00 321932 321931 319932 317932 316933 315932 314932 312934
      312935 311937 312939 314938 316938 317937 319935 320935
      321933 321932

$$





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