Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Gaylord, MI

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000
FXUS63 KAPX 281118
AFDAPX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE GAYLORD MI
718 AM EDT MON JUL 28 2014

.SYNOPSIS...
ISSUED AT 303 AM EDT MON JUL 28 2014

LOW PRESSURE IN THE EASTERN GREAT LAKES WILL MOVE EAST AND THEN
NORTH...REACHING NORTHERN QUEBEC ON WEDNESDAY. WE WILL REMAIN IN THE
BACKWASH OF THIS SYSTEM ALL WEEK...KEEPING OUR WEATHER ON THE COOL
SIDE...AND PROVIDING US WITH OCCASIONAL CHANCES FOR SHOWERS.

&&

.UPDATE...
ISSUED AT 718 AM EDT MON JUL 28 2014

LOW CLOUDS THAT HAVE BEEN TRYING TO INVADE FROM NORTHERN ONTARIO
WERE CONTINUING TO SEE EROSION ALONG THE LEADING EDGE. BUT HAVE NO
FEAR...AS THE LOW CLOUDS HAVE RE-MATERIALIZED ACROSS MUCH OF
NORTHERN LOWER. HAVE DRASTICALLY INCREASED MORNING CLOUD COVER
ACROSS MUCH OF THE FORECAST AREA. AM CAUTIOUSLY LEAVING MAX TEMPS
ALONE FOR NOW.

&&

.SHORT TERM...(TODAY THROUGH TONIGHT)
ISSUED AT 303 AM EDT MON JUL 28 2014

...ANOTHER TOUCH OF EARLY FALL-LIKE WEATHER...

HIGH IMPACT WEATHER POTENTIAL: MINIMAL. WHAT THERE ARE CENTER ON
MARINE SCA HEADLINES.

PATTERN SYNOPSIS/ANTICIPATED EVOLUTION: STRONG CAA WELL UNDERWAY
ACROSS THE NORTH WOODS AT THIS EARLY HOUR...COURTESY OF DEEP NORTH
FLOW ON BACKSIDE OF VIGOROUS EASTERN LAKES SHORTWAVE. SYSTEM ITSELF
HELPING ESTABLISH ANOMALOUSLY DEEP OVERHEAD TROUGHING...THE CENTER OF
WHICH IS LARGE GYRE SPINNING ACROSS CENTRAL QUEBEC. SHOWERS AND
STORMS OF YESTERDAY NOW A THING OF THE PAST...WITH SAID CAA ALSO
ACCOMPANIED BY RATHER STOUT DRY AIR ADVECTION (AS IT OFTEN IS).
TROUGHING...HOWEVER...REMAINS UNSETTLED...WITH ANOTHER SLUG OF
DEEPER MOISTURE TIED TO WEAK IMPULSE MAKING STEADY SOUTH PROGRESS
ACROSS NORTHERN ONTARIO. LARGER SCALE PATTERN EXPECTED TO CHANGE
LITTLE OVER THE NEXT 24 HOURS...SETTING THE STAGE FOR ANOTHER BOUT
OF MID SUMMER CHILL TODAY AND TONIGHT...ALONG WITH SOME LATE NIGHT
LIGHT RAIN CONCERNS AS UPSTREAM MOISTURE AXIS DROPS FURTHER SOUTH.

PRIMARY FORECAST CONCERNS/CHALLENGES: TEMPERATURE AND CLOUD TRENDS
THROUGHOUT. ACCESSING RAIN CHANCES VERY LATE TONIGHT.

DETAILS: WELL...AFTER DAYS OF TALKING ABOUT IT...ANOTHER BOUT OF
EARLY FALL-LIKE CHILL HAS ARRIVED. CAA EXPECTED TO CONTINUE RIGHT
THROUGH THIS MORNING AND EARLY AFTERNOON...WITH H8 TEMPERATURES
BOTTOMING OUT IN THE MID SINGLE DIGITS. DIURNAL RESPONSE WILL TRY
ITS BEST TO OFFSET...BUT SIMPLE LOW LEVEL THERMAL PROFILES SUPPORT
HIGHS ONLY REACHING THE MID AND UPPER 60S. THESE ARE A GOOD 10 TO 15
DEGREES BELOW NORMAL! INCREASINGLY GUSTY WINDS WILL ONLY ADD TO THE
CHILL...WITH DEEPENING MIXED LAYER SUPPORTING WIND GUSTS OF 20 TO 25
MPH. GOOD NEWS IS IT SHOULD BE A DRY DAY...WITH STRONG CAP UP NEAR
H7 AND DRY LOW LEVELS. NO DOUBT SOME DIURNALLY DRIVEN CU WILL
FORM...BUT THESE LOOK TO REMAIN SHALLOW-TOPPED AND SHOWER FREE.

MOISTURE CONTINUES TO INCREASE FROM THE NORTH HEADING THROUGH
TONIGHT AS SUBTLE WAVE PULLS INTO THE NORTHERN LAKES. TRENDS HAVE
BEEN A TOUCH MORE AGGRESSIVE WITH INCREASING CLOUDS...WHICH HAS SOME
MERIT GIVEN CURRENT VFR BROKEN/OVERCAST CONDITIONS MOVING ACROSS
NORTHWEST ONTARIO. WILL TREND TOWARD THIS MORE AGGRESSIVE
DIRECTION...ALTHOUGH NOT GOING QUITE AS CLOUDY AS MOST GUIDANCE
WOULD SUGGEST. CANNOT COMPLETELY RULE OUT A LATE NIGHT SPRINKLE
ACROSS THE NORTH...BUT SUCH LOW POTENTIAL ON WHAT WOULD BE A TRIVIAL
EVENT JUST NOT WORTHY OF A SPECIFIC MENTION IN THE
FORECAST.

.LONG TERM...(TUESDAY THROUGH SUNDAY)
ISSUED AT 303 AM EDT MON JUL 28 2014

...MUCH COOLER THAN NORMAL TO CLOSE OUT JULY...

THE UPPER LOW IN CENTRAL QUEBEC WILL TEND TO RETROGRADE SLIGHTLY...
AS IT FULLY ABSORBS THE UPPER LOW THAT GAVE US SUCH AN EXCITING DAY
YESTERDAY. THE SYSTEM WILL BACK UP TO THE VICINITY OF JAMES BAY BY
THURSDAY MORNING. AT THE SURFACE...BROAD BUT WEAK NW-ERLY FLOW WILL
BE IN PLACE. THERE TENDS TO BE SOME WEAK TROFFING IN PLACE OVER
NORTHERN MI TUESDAY...WHICH IS DISPLACED DOWNSTATE BY WEDNESDAY.
TEMP TRENDS AND SMALL PRECIP CHANCES THE MAIN CONCERNS.

TUESDAY...A VORT MAX ROTATING AROUND THE LARGE LOW IS PROGGED TO
PIVOT FROM NORTH OF SUPERIOR TO FAR NORTHERN LOWER MI. DEEP
CYCLONICALLY-CURVED FLOW WILL ASSIST THIS VORT IN PRODUCING A RATHER
LARGE MOISTURE PLUME (850-500MB RH MAINLY 75-80 PERCENT). THE
CONTINUED STEEP-ISH LAPSE RATES (700-500MB 6-6.5 C/KM) WILL HELP
SUPPORT 100-300J/KG OF MUCAPE...EVEN IN THE MORNING. DIURNAL HEATING
WILL BOOST THOSE NUMBERS TO 500-700J/KG IN THE AFTERNOON...JUST IN
TIME FOR SOME ACTUAL FORCING. SO POPS NEEDED IN MOST AREAS MOST OF
THE DAY...BUT WILL BE HIGHEST IN THE AFTERNOON IN N CENTRAL AND NE
LOWER MI. LAKES MI AND SUPERIOR WILL ATTEMPT TO PROVIDE SMALLISH
RAIN SHADOWS.

WILL REDUCE (THOUGH NOT ELIMINATE) POPS IN THE MORNING...AND REMOVE
AM THUNDER. WILL BOOST NE LOWER TO LIKELY POPS IN THE AFTERNOON.
SMALL HAIL COULD BE RELATIVELY COMMON IN THE AFTERNOON GIVEN THE
CHILLY TEMPS ALOFT.

MAX TEMPS MAINLY UPPER 60S TO AROUND 70F.

TUE NIGHT/WED...SHRA THREAT MAY LINGER INTO TUESDAY EVENING IN SE
SECTIONS...BEFORE EXITING OVERNIGHT. ALSO...LEFTOVER SHRA FROM FAR
NORTHERN ONTARIO MAY BE ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES FOR A WHILE IN
THE STEEP LAPSE RATE ENVIRONMENT. SOME REMNANTS OF THESE COULD
CONCEIVABLY POKE INTO EASTERN UPPER OVERNIGHT...THOUGH FOR NOW WILL
NOT MENTION. ON WEDNESDAY...THE BIG BALL OF WRAPAROUND MOISTURE FROM
THE UPPER LOW WILL BE JUST SKIRTING BE N AND E OF THE FORECAST AREA.
POPS DO NOT NEED TO BE AS HIGH AS ON TUESDAY...BUT THEY DO APPEAR
NEEDED THRU THE DAY IN EASTERN UPPER...CLOSEST TO THAT CHILLY LOW TO
THE NNE. ALSO KEPT SOME PM POPS IN FAR SE SECTIONS...FURTHEST AWAY
FORM LAKE SHADOWING IN AN AIRMASS THAT IS OTHERWISE NOT ESPECIALLY
MOIST.

MIN TEMPS UPPER 40S TO LOWER 50S. MAX TEMPS MAINLY WITHIN A FEW
DEGREES OF 70F.

REST OF THE FORECAST...THE UPPER LOW TO OUR NE FINALLY EJECTS FRIDAY
AND BEYOND...THOUGH A RATHER SHARP TROF CONTINUES TO LINGER BACK
ACROSS THE LAKES REGION (OF COURSE IT DOES). THAT SHOULD ALLOW TEMPS
TO SLOWLY MODERATE...THOUGH IT WILL TAKE A WHILE FOR US TO APPROACH
NORMAL. AND THAT DOES LEAVE US WITH A PLEASANT ENOUGH WEEKEND AHEAD.

AS FOR PRECIP...STAYING BENEATH TROFFING ALOFT POTENTIALLY KEEPS THE
DOOR OPEN FOR DIURNAL PRECIP. THIS MAY GET SOME SYNOPTIC ASSISTANCE
ON FRIDAY...WHEN EVEN AS THE UPPER LOW STARTS TO EXIT...THE TRAILING
TROF MAKES A BIT OF A PUSH INTO THE REGION FROM THE NW.

&&

.AVIATION...(FOR THE 12Z TAFS THROUGH 12Z TUESDAY MORNING)
ISSUED AT 718 AM EDT MON JUL 28 2014

MVFR CIGS THIS MORNING/EARLY AFTERNOON AT APN/TVC/MBL. OTHERWISE
VFR.

COOL AND MOIST LOW-LEVEL AIR CONTINUES TO SPILL INTO THE
REGION...BEHIND LOW PRESSURE NOW OVER THE EASTERN GREAT LAKES.
MVFR CIGS ARE ALREADY SEEN THIS MORNING AT APN/TVC/MBL. WILL TAKE
SEVERAL HOURS FOR A LITTLE BIT OF HEATING TO ALLOW CIGS TO RISE TO
VFR. VFR CONDITIONS WILL THEN PREVAIL INTO TONIGHT.

GUSTY N TO NW WINDS TODAY...LIGHT NW WINDS TONIGHT.

&&

.MARINE...
ISSUED AT 303 AM EDT MON JUL 28 2014

NORTH WINDS WILL GRADUALLY BACK AROUND TO NORTHWEST
TODAY...BECOMING MORE WESTERLY BY TUESDAY. GUSTY CONDITIONS WILL
CONTINUE...WITH SPEEDS SLOWLY SUBSIDING FROM WEST TO EAST TODAY INTO
THE OVERNIGHT. SCA CONDITIONS WILL CONTINUE TODAY ACROSS MUCH OF
LAKE MICHIGAN AND HURON...WITH SCA CONDITIONS LIKELY CONTINUING
THROUGH MUCH OF THE OVERNIGHT OFFSHORE OF NORTHEAST LOWER MICHIGAN.
WINDS AND WAVES LOOK TO LARGELY REMAIN BELOW HEADLINE CRITERIA
TUESDAY THROUGH THE REMAINDER OF THE WEEK.


&&

.APX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
MI...NONE.
LH...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY UNTIL 11 PM EDT THIS EVENING FOR LHZ347>349.
LM...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY UNTIL 5 PM EDT THIS AFTERNOON FOR LMZ323-
     342-344>346.
LS...NONE.

&&

$$

UPDATE...JZ
SYNOPSIS...JZ
SHORT TERM...MSB
LONG TERM...JZ
AVIATION...JZ
MARINE...MSB






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