Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Milwaukee/Sullivan, WI

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FXUS63 KMKX 312124
AFDMKX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MILWAUKEE/SULLIVAN WI
324 PM CST SAT JAN 31 2015

.SHORT TERM...

TONIGHT AND SUNDAY...FORECAST CONFIDENCE IS HIGH.

12Z MODELS IN GENERAL REMAIN SIMILAR TO PREVIOUS COUPLE OF RUNS WITH
REGARDS TO SYNOPTIC FEATURES ACROSS THE AREA FOR TONIGHT INTO
SUNDAY/SUNDAY NIGHT. BEST UPWARD VERTICAL MOTION IS EXPECTED LATER
TONIGHT INTO EARLY SUNDAY...WITH FOCUSED 600 MB WARM AIR ADVECTION
AND FRONTOGENESIS RESPONSE SHIFTING EAST ACROSS THE FAR SOUTHERN
COUNTIES. MOST OF THIS DOES REMAIN IN NORTHERN ILLINOIS.

ALSO HAVE RIGHT ENTRANCE REGION OF 250 MB JET STREAK OVER THE REGION
DURING THIS TIME. BEST UPWARD VERTICAL MOTION IN THE DENDRITE GROWTH
ZONE REMAINS IN NORTHERN ILLINOIS AS WELL...THOUGH STILL HAVE UP TO
5 MICROBARS/SECOND IN OUR AREA. MID LEVEL FRONTOGENESIS RESPONSE
THEN BRINGS ANOTHER SHOT OF UPWARD VERTICAL MOTION SUNDAY AFTERNOON.

MESOSCALE MODELS CONTINUE TO SHOW THE BEST SIMULATED REFLECTIVITY
VALUES REMAINING JUST TO THE SOUTH OF THE AREA LATER TONIGHT INTO
SUNDAY MORNING. THEY DO BRING LIGHT TO MODERATE SNOW INTO THE AREA
FROM THE SOUTHWEST DURING THE EVENING...LINGERING LATER TONIGHT AND
SUNDAY. FETCH MODEST FOR LAKE ENHANCEMENT UNTIL SUNDAY NIGHT.

THE 12Z SYNOPTIC MODELS ARE GENERALLY SHOWING TOTAL QPF FOR THE
EVENT OF 0.75 INCHES IN THE FAR SOUTH...TO 0.25 INCHES IN THE FAR
NORTHERN COUNTIES. GIVEN THE BEST UPWARD VERTICAL MOTION FIELDS
BEING JUST TO OUR SOUTH...THESE QPF AMOUNTS MAY BE A BIT TOO HIGH.
LOWERED QPF AMOUNTS A BIT FROM THESE AMOUNTS IN THE FORECAST. SNOW
AMOUNTS ARE SIMILAR TO PREVIOUS FORECAST...6 TO 9 INCHES FAR SOUTH
AND 6 TO 10 INCHES FAR SOUTHEAST...TO 2 TO 4 INCHES FAR NORTH.

OVERALL...THIS WILL BE A GOOD LONG DURATION SNOW EVENT FOR THE AREA
TONIGHT INTO SUNDAY/SUNDAY NIGHT. ADDED ILLINOIS BORDER COUNTIES TO
THE WINTER STORM WARNING...GIVEN EXPECTED SNOW AMOUNTS AND
WINDS/BLOWING SNOW POTENTIAL. ADJUSTED START TIMES OF THE REST OF
THE HEADLINES A BIT TO MATCH ONSET OF SNOW. KEPT MARQUETTE...GREEN
LAKE AND FOND DU LAC COUNTIES OUT OF AN ADVISORY FOR NOW...DUE TO 2
TO 4 INCH AMOUNTS EXPECTED THERE.

SUNDAY NIGHT THROUGH TUESDAY NIGHT...FORECAST CONFIDENCE MEDIUM.

INTENSIFYING LOW PRESSURE WILL CONTINUE ALONG OR JUST NORTH OF THE
OHIO RIVER SUN NT. THE BACK END OF THE LIFT FROM JET
DYNAMICS...PVA...AND FRONTOGENESIS WILL LINGER IN THE EVE. LES
WILL CONTINUE WITH THE BACKING FLOW TO NNELY MAKING FOR A SINGLE
LES BAND THAT WILL BE TRANSIENT AS IT MOVES DOWN THE LAKE. AN
ADDITIONAL 1-3 INCHES IS EXPECTED OVER FAR SE WI WITH LESS THAN AN
INCH INLAND. WIND GUSTS CLOSE TO 30 KTS WILL CONTINUE NEAR THE
LAKE WELL INTO THE EVENING WITH SOME GUSTINESS INLAND AS WELL.
THUS BLOWING AND DRIFTING SNOW WILL CONTINUE SUN EVE. WINDS AND
BLOWING SNOW WILL CEASE FROM WEST TO EAST ACROSS THE AREA DURING
THE OVERNIGHT AS POLAR HIGH PRESSURE APPROACHES.

THE HIGH WILL QUICKLY SHIFT EWD FOR LATER ON MON WITH A SHORTWAVE
TROUGH EXPECTED TO TRACK FROM THE NRN PLAINS TO NRN IL TO S OHIO
BY 12Z TUE. LOW TO MID LEVEL WARM ADVECTION WILL OCCUR BUT MOISTURE
IS LIMITED AND THE SHORTWAVE IS MAINLY TO THE SOUTH SO ONLY SMALL
CHANCES OF LGT SNOW AT THIS TIME. ANOTHER SHORTWAVE TROUGH WILL
TRACK TO E IA BY 00Z WED AND ACROSS IL TUE NT. THIS WILL KEEP
CHANCES OF LGT SNOW IN THE FORECAST WITH BETTER CHANCES TOWARD THE
SOUTH. BELOW NORMAL TEMPS TO PREVAIL DURING THIS PERIOD.


.LONG TERM...WEDNESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY...FORECAST CONFIDENCE MEDIUM.

A LARGE...DIGGING UPPER TROUGH WILL PROGRESS ACROSS WI AND THE W
GREAT LAKES ON WED FOLLOWED BY A WEAK SHORTWAVE TROUGH FOR THU
NT. NNWLY SFC WINDS WILL BRING ARCTIC AIR INTO THE REGION ON WED
WITH HIGH PRESSURE TO FOLLOW LATE WED NT AND THU. WED NT-THU NT
WILL BE THE COLDEST PERIOD WITH BELOW ZERO LOWS AND HIGHS BARELY
IN THE TEENS. WIND CHILLS COULD APPROACH 20 BELOW FOR LATE WED NT
AND THU AM. SW WINDS WILL THEN MODIFY TEMPS FOR FRI AND SAT.

&&

.AVIATION/00Z TAFS/...MVFR CEILINGS ARE EXPECTED INTO EARLY THIS
EVENING...EXCEPT KENOSHA WHERE THEY MAY REMAIN TO THE NORTH.
COLD FRONT SLIDING SOUTH ACROSS THE AREA INTO EARLY EVENING WILL
ALLOW LIGHT WEST TO NORTHWEST WINDS TO SHIFT NORTHEAST BY MID
EVENING. THESE WINDS WILL BECOME GUSTY DURING THE NIGHT AND REMAIN
SO ON SUNDAY...BECOMING NORTH SUNDAY NIGHT. GUSTS OF 25 TO 28
KNOTS ARE EXPECTED AT TIMES SUNDAY INTO SUNDAY NIGHT.

SNOW WILL SPREAD NORTHEAST INTO TAF SITES BETWEEN 03Z AND 05Z
SUNDAY...AND REMAIN LIGHT TO MODERATE IN INTENSITY LATER TONIGHT AND
SUNDAY. THE SNOW SHOULD END AT MADISON BETWEEN 02Z AND 05Z
MONDAY...LINGERING AT THE EASTERN SITES UNTIL BETWEEN 09Z AND 12Z
MONDAY DUE TO LAKE EFFECT SNOW BAND MOVING THROUGH THAT AREA.

EXPECT HOURLY SNOW RATES OF 1/4 TO 1/2 INCH PER HOUR LATER TONIGHT
INTO SUNDAY...WITH RATES UP TO 1 INCH PER HOUR POSSIBLE IN ANY
MODERATE SNOW BANDS. TOTAL AMOUNTS OF 5 TO 6 INCHES AT MADISON...6
TO 8 INCHES AT WAUKESHA...7 TO 9 INCHES AT MILWAUKEE...AND 8 TO 10
INCHES AT KENOSHA ARE ANTICIPATED.

EXPECT CEILINGS AND VISIBILITIES AROUND OR BELOW ALTERNATE MINIMUMS
DURING THE PERIOD OF SNOW...APPROACHING AIRPORT MINIMUMS AT TIMES
LATER TONIGHT INTO SUNDAY. BLOWING SNOW IS ALSO ANTICIPATED SUNDAY
INTO SUNDAY NIGHT WITH THE GUSTY WINDS. THIS MAY REDUCE VISIBILITIES
AT TIMES...AND AFTER THE SNOW ENDS.

&&

.MARINE...

SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY REMAINS IN EFFECT FROM LATER THIS EVENING INTO
MONDAY MORNING ACROSS THE NEARSHORE WATERS OF LAKE MICHIGAN. TIGHT
PRESSURE GRADIENT WITH THE PASSING LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM TO THE SOUTH
WILL RESULT IN GUSTY ONSHORE WINDS TONIGHT INTO SUNDAY...BECOMING
MORE OFFSHORE SUNDAY NIGHT. GUSTS TO 30 KNOTS ARE EXPECTED AT TIMES.

THIS WILL GENERATE HIGH WAVES UP TO 6 TO 10 FEET SUNDAY INTO SUNDAY
NIGHT...SLOWLY SUBSIDING MONDAY MORNING. FREEZING SPRAY IS ALSO
EXPECTED...WITH HEAVY FREEZING SPRAY POSSIBLE SUNDAY NIGHT. A HEAVY
FREEZING SPRAY WATCH MAY BE NEEDED FOR SUNDAY NIGHT IF CONDITIONS
CONTINUE TO BE FAVORABLE.

&&

.MKX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
WI...WINTER STORM WARNING FROM 7 PM THIS EVENING TO 9 PM CST
     SUNDAY FOR WIZ067-068.

     WINTER STORM WARNING FROM 7 PM THIS EVENING TO MIDNIGHT CST
     SUNDAY NIGHT FOR WIZ069-070.

     WINTER STORM WARNING FROM 10 PM THIS EVENING TO 3 AM CST
     MONDAY FOR WIZ066-071-072.

     WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY FROM 9 PM THIS EVENING TO 9 PM CST
     SUNDAY FOR WIZ056-057-062-063.

     WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY FROM 10 PM THIS EVENING TO MIDNIGHT CST
     SUNDAY NIGHT FOR WIZ052-058>060-064-065.

LM...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY FROM 11 PM THIS EVENING TO NOON CST MONDAY
     FOR LMZ645-646.

     SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY FROM 9 PM THIS EVENING TO 9 AM CST MONDAY
     FOR LMZ643-644.

&&

$$

TONIGHT/SUNDAY AND AVIATION/MARINE...WOOD
SUNDAY NIGHT THROUGH SATURDAY...GEHRING


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