Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Twin Cities, MN

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000
FXUS63 KMPX 251008
AFDMPX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE TWIN CITIES/CHANHASSEN MN
408 AM CST WED FEB 25 2015

.SHORT TERM...(TODAY AND TONIGHT)
ISSUED AT 408 AM CST WED FEB 25 2015

FIRST OFF...WE WILL START WITH WHAT GOT CHANGED OVERNIGHT. SNOW
ACROSS NODAK HAS COME IN CONSIDERABLY FARTHER NE THAN WHAT PREVIOUS
MODELS EVEN YESTERDAY AFTERNOON WERE SHOWING. THE HRRR/RAP/HOPWRF
ALL PICKED UP ON THIS NORTHWARD SHIFT IN THE SNOW AND THE FORECAST
WAS UPDATED ACCORDINGLY. NOW HAVE AN INCH OF SNOW FORECAST AS FAR
NORTH AS A MORRIS...MSP...PEPIN LINE. HAVE ALSO BOOSTED SNOW TOTALS
TO THE SOUTH OF THERE...WITH THREE 3+ INCHES FORECAST AS FAR NORTH
AS THE MN RIVER TO ALBERT LEA. WITH THE HIGHER SNOW AMOUNTS...DID
EXPAND THE ADVY UP TO THE UPPER MN RIVER AND ALONG THE I-90
CORRIDOR. WE WILL HAVE TO KEEP A CLOSE EYE SOUTHWEST OF A ST. JAMES
TO ALBERT LEA LINE AS SNOW TOTALS THERE ARE CURRENTLY IN THE 4-6
INCH RANGE AND THERE IS THE POTENTIAL A FEW OF THOSE COUNTIES MAY
NEED TO BE UPGRADED TO A WARNING IF QPF COMES IN ANY HIGHER THAN
WHAT IT IS CURRENTLY PEGGED TO BE.

RAP H5 ANALYSIS THIS MORNING SHOWS TWO WAVES OF INTEREST OUT IN THE
DAKOTAS...ONE IS MOVING INTO CENTRAL SODAK...WHILE THE SECOND IS
MOVING INTO NW NODAK. THE SNOW CURRENTLY MOVING INTO SW MN IS THE
RESULT OF THE SRN WAVE...BUT THIS NRN WAVE WILL BE THE DOMINATE
PLAYER TODAY...WHICH LIKELY EXPLAINS THE NORTHWARD SHIFT WE HAVE
SEEN IN THE GUIDANCE OVERNIGHT. BESIDE THESE WAVES...THERE IS A
PRETTY STRONG NW-SE ORIENTED H85 THERMAL GRADIENT THAT LINES UP FROM
NW NODAK INTO NW IOWA AND WITHIN THIS BAROCLINIC ZONE YOU WILL FIND
OUR DEVELOPING SNOWSTORM. AS WE GO THROUGH THE DAY...THIS NW-SE
GRADIENT WILL TAKE ON MORE OF E-W GRADIENT...WITH THE PIVOT IN THE
GRADIENT HAPPENING ACROSS NORTHERN IOWA...WHICH IS WHY THE 3Z AND 6Z
HOPWRF GO ABSOLUTELY GANGBUSTERS WITH PUTTING OUT OVER A FOOT OF
SNOW IN NORTH CENTRAL IOWA.

FOR THIS FORECAST...THE HOPWRF/RAP/HRRR ARE NEARLY IDENTICAL WITH
HOW FAR NORTH THE 0.25" QPF LINE WILL SETUP...SO FELT CONFIDENT IN
EXPANDING THE WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY ACROSS THE I-90 CORRIDOR AND
UP THE MN RIVER TO YELLOW MEDICINE AND LAC QUI PARLE COUNTIES. GIVEN
HOW COLD THE ATMO IS...WE ARE LOOKING AT SNOW RATIOS LIKELY UP NEAR
20:1...SO A QUARTER INCH OF QPF SHOULD HAVE NO PROBLEM PUTTING DOWN
MORE THAN 3 INCHES OF SNOW. AS MENTIONED ABOVE...THE QPF/SNOWFALL
FORECASTS FROM THE HOPWRF/HRRR/RAP DOWN AROUND FAIRMONT ARE A BIT
WORRISOME AND THERE IS CERTAINLY A GOOD CHANCE WE MAY NEED A WARNING
OR TWO IN SOUTH CENTRAL MN.

.LONG TERM...(THURSDAY THROUGH TUESDAY)
ISSUED AT 408 AM CST WED FEB 25 2015

A TRANQUIL PERIOD IS EXPECTED THROUGH THE MAJORITY OF THE LONG
TERM. THINGS GET A LITTLE MORE INTERESTING EARLY NEXT WEEK BUT
WE/LL SEE HOW LONG THAT LASTS GIVEN THIS WINTER.

ANOTHER MASSIVE AREA OF HIGH PRESSURE SLIDING DOWN THE EASTERN
SLOPES OF THE ROCKIES WILL BRING A FRESH SURGE OF ARCTIC AIR
THURSDAY AND FRIDAY. MIXING TO 925 MB THURSDAY ONLY YIELDS HIGHS
IN THE LOW SINGLE DIGITS. FULL SUN IS EXPECTED AND WHILE STILL
WEAK...THE HIGHER ANGLE MAY BR ABLE TO SQUEEZE OUT AN EXTRA DEGREE
OR TWO. THE CENTER OF THE RIDGE WILL SINK SOUTHEAST ACROSS THE
EASTERN DAKOTAS OVER THE MISSOURI RIVER THURSDAY NIGHT. WINDS WILL
LIKELY DECOUPLE IN SHELTERED AREAS AND VERY COLD LOWS APPEAR
PROBABLE...PARTICULARLY CLOSEST TO THE LOW IN SOUTHWEST MN...WHICH
ALSO COINCIDES WITH THE DEEP SNOWPACK NOW EXPECTED FROM THE
SYSTEM TODAY. LOWERED TEMPS SEVERAL DEGREES IN THIS AREA AND THE
COLDEST LOCATIONS COULD APPROACH 20 BELOW. ALTHOUGH TOO
COLD...THE 00Z GEM IS THE BEST PROXY TO PLACE WHERE THE COLDEST
TEMPS SHOULD OCCUR.

MODERATING TEMPS WILL RETURN FOR THE WEEKEND AS A SOUTHERLY
SURFACE FLOW AND A WEAKENING OF THE CENTRAL AND EASTERN CONUS
TROUGH NEGATE THE OCCURRENCE OF ADDITIONAL ARCTIC AIR INTRUSION.
OF PARTICULAR INTEREST IS A LOADING OF ENERGY ACROSS THE
SOUTHWESTERN U.S. IN A DEEPENING POSITIVELY TILTED TROUGH
EXTENDING OFF THE SOCAL COAST. A ZONAL UPPER JET EXTENDING TO THE
EAST WILL WICK AWAY PIECES OF THIS ENERGY AND EJECT THEM ACROSS
THE CENTRAL PLAINS EAST TO THE OHIO VALLEY. ANY INFLUENCES WITH
THESE WAVES SHOULD REMAIN SOUTH OF THE FORECAST AREA. LOWERED POPS
THIS WEEKEND BUT DID NOT COMPLETELY REMOVE THEM YET ACROSS SRN MN
AND WRN WI.

BY LATE IN THE WEEKEND...THERE ARE STRONG INDICATIONS THE JET
STREAM WILL FINALLY BUCKLE NORTH AS MID LEVEL RIDGING BUILDS
ACROSS THE SOUTHEAST. THIS WILL BEGIN TO SET THE STAGE FOR A
SIGNIFICANT PATTERN SHIFT NEXT WEEK BUT THE DETAILS ARE FAR FROM
CERTAIN WITH A COMPLEX EVOLUTION OF THE SOUTHWESTERN TROUGH THAT
COULD LEAD TO BIG DIFFERENCES DOWNSTREAM. AT THE MOMENT...THE
DETERMINISTIC RUNS OF THE GFS...ECMWF...AND CANADIAN ALL AGREE IN
A FAIRLY ROBUST WINTER STORM IMPACTING PORTIONS OF THE PLAINS AND
UPPER MIDWEST EARLY NEXT WEEK. HOWEVER...ENSEMBLE MEMBERS ARE ALL
OVER THE PLACE. WE HAVE SEEN SYSTEMS TREND AWAY FROM THE LOCAL
AREA TIME AND TIME AGAIN THIS WINTER...BUT THE SOUTHEAST RIDGE
BOLSTERS OUR PROBABILITIES A BIT MORE AND THUS THIS PERIOD WILL
NEED TO BE WATCHED.

&&

.AVIATION...(FOR THE 06Z TAFS THROUGH 06Z WEDNESDAY NIGHT)
ISSUED AT 1128 PM CST TUE FEB 24 2015

WINDS HAVE WEAKENED ACROSS THE AREA AND WILL REMAIN OUT OF THE
NORTHWEST FROM AROUND 5 TO 10 KTS OVERNIGHT.  MID-LEVEL CLOUDS ARE
CURRENTLY MOVING INTO OUR REGION FROM THE WEST...WITH VFR CONDITIONS
PERSISTING DURING THIS TIME. CIGS WILL LOWER BY THE EARLY MORNING
WEDNESDAY...BUT VFR CONDITIONS SHOULD PREVAIL AS RELATIVELY DRY AIR
REMAINS PRESENT AT LOWER LEVELS. FROM WEDNESDAY MORNING THROUGH THE
AFTERNOON...SNOW WILL OCCUR IN SW MN...INCLUDING RWF WHERE IFR/LIFR
VISIBILITY AND MVFR CIGS ARE POSSIBLE. THE REST OF THE TERMINALS
SHOULD REMAIN DRY AND GENERALLY VFR THROUGH THE REMAINDER OF THE
PERIOD...THOUGH MVFR CIGS AND BRIEF PERIODS OF LIGHT SNOW CANNOT BE
RULED OUT AT AXN OR MSP AS LOWER LEVELS BECOME MORE SATURATED.

KMSP...WINDS WILL QUICKLY DECREASE THIS EVENING...AND SHIFT FROM
THE NW TO BECOME MORE NORTHERLY OVERNIGHT. LOW CONFIDENCE REMAINS IN
-SN REACHING MSP ON WEDNESDAY...BUT LATEST MODELS HAVE BROUGHT THE
ACCUMULATING SNOW CLOSER TO MSP...AND THEREFORE LIGHT SNOW CANNOT BE
RULED OUT FROM WEDNESDAY MORNING THROUGH THE EARLY AFTERNOON.

/OUTLOOK FOR KMSP/
THU...VFR. WINDS NW 5-10 KTS.
FRI...VFR. WINDS WSW 5 KTS.
SAT...VFR. WINDS S 10G15 KTS.


&&

.MPX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
MN...WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY UNTIL 1 PM CST THIS AFTERNOON FOR MNZ054-
     064-073-074.

     WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY UNTIL 3 PM CST THIS AFTERNOON FOR MNZ082-
     083-091>093.

WI...NONE.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...MPG
LONG TERM...BORGHOFF
AVIATION...ADL


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