Public Information Statement
Issued by NWS Binghamton, NY

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NOUS41 KBGM 281201
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NYZ009-015>018-022>025-036-037-044>046-055>057-062-PAZ038>040-043-
044-047-048-072-300400-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BINGHAMTON NY
800 AM EDT FRI APR 29 2016

THIS IS THE FIFTH OF A FIVE PART SERIES ON SEVERE WEATHER SAFETY WHICH
WILL RUN EACH DAY DURING NEW YORK AND PENNSYLVANIA`S SEVERE WEATHER AWARENESS
WEEK.

TODAY WE DISCUSS FLOOD SAFETY AND THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN A FLOOD
WATCH AND A FLOOD WARNING, AND TELL YOU WHAT TO DO IF A WATCH OR
WARNING IS ISSUED FOR YOUR AREA.

FLOODS CAN BE DEADLY!
FLOODS ARE THE NUMBER ONE KILLER IN THE UNITED STATES AMONG
STORM RELATED NATURAL HAZARDS. THE MAIN CAUSE OF DEATH DURING
FLOODS COMES FROM AUTOMOBILES BEING SWEPT AWAY BY FLOOD WATERS. MANY
PEOPLE DIE NEEDLESSLY IN FLOODS BECAUSE THEY TRY TO CROSS
FLOODED ROADWAYS!

CENTRAL NEW YORK AND NORTHEAST PENNSYLVANIA HAVE A LONG HISTORY OF FLOODS.
DEVASTATING FLOODS ARE NO STRANGER TO CENTRAL NEW YORK AND NORTHEAST
PENNSYLVANIA. IN FACT, FLOODING RANKS AS THE BIGGEST THREAT TO MANY
COMMUNITIES IN OUR REGION. THERE ARE MANY WAYS THAT FLOODING CAN DEVELOP
OVER OUR AREA. STATIONARY THUNDERSTORMS CAUSED A MAJOR FLOOD IN JULY 1935
AND IN THE CATSKILLS AND POCONOS IN MAY 2004 AND JUNE 2007 RESPECTIVELY.
TROPICAL STORMS "AGNES" AND "ELOISE" BOTH CAUSED MAJOR FLOODS OVER THE
AREA IN 1972 AND 1975 RESPECTIVELY. RAPID SNOW MELT COMBINED
WITH HEAVY RAINFALL RESULTED IN MAJOR FLOODS IN BOTH JANUARY 1996 AND
APRIL 2005. A TROPICAL FEED OF MOISTURE PARKED OVER THE AREA FOR SEVERAL
DAYS IN JUNE 2006 AND CAUSED SIGNIFICANT FLOODING OVER A LARGE PORTION OF
CENTRAL NEW YORK AND NORTHEAST PENNSYLVANIA. TROPICAL CYCLONES IRENE AND
LEE ALSO BROUGHT CATASTROPHIC FLOODING TO OUR AREA IN SEPTEMBER 2011.

WHAT TYPES OF FLOODS ARE THERE?,
FLOODS, WHICH OCCUR ON SMALL STREAMS AND CREEKS, WHEN HEAVY RAIN
FALLS IN A SHORT PERIOD OF TIME ARE KNOWN AS FLASH FLOODS. THEY ARE
THE DEADLIEST OF ALL FLOODS, AND ARE THE MOST DIFFICULT TO FORECAST.
WARNING TIMES CAN BE VERY SHORT. FLOODING ALSO OCCURS ON OUR LARGER
RIVERS AND STREAMS.  A PERIOD OF MILD WINTER WEATHER CAN CAUSE
ICE ON THE RIVER TO BREAK UP, CAUSING ICE JAM FLOODING.

WHAT DOES A FLOOD WATCH MEAN?
A FLOOD WATCH MEANS THERE IS POTENTIAL FOR FLOODING TO OCCUR, NOT THAT
FLOODING IS OCCURRING. THE WATCH IS TYPICALLY ISSUED FOR SEVERAL
COUNTIES AT A TIME, AND IDEALLY IS ISSUED 6 TO 24 HOURS BEFORE
FLOODING IS EXPECTED. THIS WAY YOU WILL HAVE ENOUGH TIME TO PREPARE.

WHAT YOU SHOULD DO WHEN A FLOOD WATCH IS ISSUED?
GO ABOUT YOUR NORMAL ACTIVITIES, BUT MAKE PERIODIC CHECKS OF NOAA
WEATHER RADIO, YOUR MOBILE DEVICE, TV AND RADIO STATIONS FOR UPDATES
AND POSSIBLE FLOOD WARNINGS. KNOW WHICH COUNTY YOU LIVE IN, AND WHERE YOU ARE
IN RELATION TO STREAMS, CREEKS OR RIVERS, WHICH CAN BECOME KILLERS
IN HEAVY RAINS.

IF YOU LIVE OR WORK IN AN AREA WHICH IS PRONE TO FLOODING, HAVE A SAFE
EVACUATION ROUTE TO USE IF FLOODING OCCURS. MAKE SURE EVERYONE IN YOUR
HOME OR OFFICE KNOWS WHERE TO GO IF FLOODING OCCURS. HAVE A BATTERY
OPERATED RADIO, AND SEVERAL FLASHLIGHTS AVAILABLE AND IN WORKING
ORDER. TAKE PRECAUTIONS TO SECURE YOUR PROPERTY.

WHAT DOES A FLASH FLOOD WARNING MEAN?
A FLASH FLOOD WARNING MEANS RAPID LIFE THREATENING FLOODING IS
OCCURRING, OR WILL SOON BEGIN. YOU NEED TO TAKE ACTION IMMEDIATELY
TO PROTECT YOUR LIFE AND PROPERTY IF YOU ARE IN THE DANGER AREA.

WHAT YOU SHOULD DO WHEN A FLASH FLOOD WARNING IS ISSUED?
MOVE TO HIGHER GROUND IMMEDIATELY AND GET OUT OF THE DANGER AREA.
NEVER DRIVE ACROSS BRIDGES COVERED WITH WATER, OR THROUGH AREAS
WHERE WATER COVERS THE ROADWAY. IF YOUR CAR STALLS IN A FLOODED OR
LOW LYING AREA, ABANDON IT IMMEDIATELY. RAPIDLY RISING FLOOD
WATERS COULD EASILY SWEEP IT AWAY. BE ESPECIALLY CAREFUL AT NIGHT,
WHEN IT IS HARDER TO SEE FLOODED AREAS.

WHAT DOES A RIVER FLOOD WARNING MEAN?
A RIVER FLOOD WARNING MEANS THAT RIVER LEVELS WILL EXCEED FLOOD STAGE
ON CERTAIN POINTS ALONG OUR LARGER RIVERS, LIKE THE CHEMUNG, SUSQUEHANNA AND
DELAWARE RIVERS. RIVER FLOODS TAKE LONGER TO DEVELOP SO THEY MAY NOT POSE
AS MUCH THREAT TO LIFE, BUT CAN TAKE A MUCH LARGER TOLL ON PROPERTY.

WHAT YOU SHOULD DO WHEN A RIVER FLOOD WARNING IS ISSUED?
IF YOU LIVE IN A FLOOD PLAIN, BE PREPARED TO EVACUATE IF ORDERED TO
DO SO. MAKE SURE YOU HAVE ALL NECESSARY ITEMS THAT YOU WOULD NEED
IN THE EVENT THAT YOU CANNOT RETURN HOME FOR SEVERAL DAYS. MAKE ARRANGEMENTS
TO PROTECT YOUR PROPERTY BY MOVING YOUR VALUABLES TO HIGHER GROUND,
OR AN UPPER LEVEL OF YOUR HOME.

FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON FLOODING AND FLOOD SAFETY AND ON SEVERE WEATHER
AWARENESS WEEK, CHECK OUT THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
BINGHAMTON INTERNET WEB SITE AT:

http://www.weather.gov/bgm/preparednessSWAW

YOU CAN ALSO CONTACT DAVID NICOSIA WARNING COORDINATION METEOROLOGIST
FOR NOAA`S NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN BINGHAMTON AT 607-770-9531 X 223
OR VIA EMAIL AT DAVID.NICOSIA@NOAA.GOV

$$

DJN



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