Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 020747
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
342 AM EDT SUN AUG 02 2015


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID AUG 02/1200 UTC THRU AUG 05/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1...


SOUTHEAST/FL
~~~~~~~~~~~~
DEEP TROPICAL MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY WILL FEED SURGES OF
CONVECTION THAT TRACK ALONG A SURFACE TROUGH FROM THE EASTERN GULF
OF MEXICO ACROSS PORTIONS OF NORTHERN FL DURING DAY 1...PRODUCING
HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL. THE 00Z NAM APPEARS TO BE TOO QUICK
TO SCOUR THE MOISTURE AND DEVELOP A SURFACE WAVE ON THE
TROUGH...RESULTING INTO TOO LITTLE QPF FOR NORTHERN FL GIVEN THE
MOISTURE PROFILE. THERE IS SOME SPREAD BETWEEN THE 00Z GFS AND 12Z
ECMWF CONCERNING THE POSITION OF THE MAXIMUM QPF (WITH 00Z GFS A
BIT FURTHER NORTH...THE 12Z ECMWF A BIT FURTHER SOUTH). EACH
SOLUTION HAS SUPPORT FROM OTHER MODELS...WHICH LEADS TO A BELOW
AVERAGE CONFIDENCE CONCERNING THE PLACEMENT OF THE MAXIMUM QPF.
FOR NOW...A SOLUTION CLOSER TO THE 00Z GFS WAS PREFERRED...AS THIS
IS WHERE THE BEST LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE IS EXPECTED.

THERE IS A LULL IN THE CONVECTION ACROSS PORTIONS OF NORTHERN AND
CENTRAL FL EARLY THIS MORNING...AS THE BEST MEAN LAYER INSTABILITY
REMAINS OFF THE WEST COAST OF THE PENINSULA. THE ACTIVITY SHOULD
REDEVELOP CLOSER TO 02/12Z...AS INSTABILITY INCREASES...AND THE
2.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER PLUME OFF THE WEST COAST SURGES
EASTWARD. THE BEST LOW LEVEL MOISTURE FLUX IS CENTERED AROUND
02/18Z...AND SLOWLY TAILS OFF AFTER THAT TIME. THE BEST CONVECTION
IS EXPECTED BETWEEN 02/12Z AND 03/00Z...AFTER WHICH THE BEST LOW
AND MID LEVEL MOISTURE SHOULD BEGIN TO SLIDE TO THE EAST. THE HIGH
MOISTURE CONTENT OF THE AIR (ABOUT TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE
THE MEAN)...AS WELL AS THE POTENTIAL FOR TRAINING ACROSS PORTIONS
OF THE NORTHWEST PORTION OF THE PENINSULA...INDICATES THAT A BASIN
AVERAGE OF 3 TO 4 INCHES OF QPF SHOULD BE EXPECTED BETWEEN KCTY
AND KBKV.

AS MENTIONED EARLIER...THERE IS SOME SPREAD ON WHERE THE QPF
MAXIMUM OCCURS. THIS SEEMS TO BE TIED TO THE POSITION OF A SURFACE
TROUGH ALONG THE WEST COAST...AND THE LATITUDINAL DIFFERENCES
RESULT IN A LOWER THAN AVERAGE FORECAST FOR MAXIMUM QPF. IT SHOULD
BE NOTED THAT SOME OF THE 00Z HIGH RESOLUTION GUIDANCE...SUCH AS
THE 00Z WRF ARW AND 00Z REGIONAL GEM...SHOW THE POTENTIAL FOR AN
ADDITIONAL 6 TO 9 INCHES OF RAINFALL WHERE TRAINING OCCURS. LIKE
THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE 00Z GFS/12Z ECMWF...THE HIGH
RESOLUTION GUIDANCE ALSO SHOWS SPREAD ON THE PLACEMENT OF MAXIMUM
QPF. GIVEN THE SPREAD IN PLACE...A SLIGHT RISK AREA WILL BE PLACED
OVER MUCH OF THE WESTERN PORTION OF THE PENINSULA FROM KTPA
NORTHWEST INTO THE BIG BEND AREA.

OVER THE EAST COAST OF FL...LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE ALONG A SURFACE
BOUNDARY/SEA BREEZE SHOULD PROVIDE A FOCUS FOR CONVECTION FROM
KTTS THROUGH KFPR. THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR A SWATH OF
0.75 TO 1.00 INCHES OF QPF ALONG THIS AXIS. HIGH RESOLUTIONS
GUIDANCE (SUCH AS THE 00Z WRF NMMB) SUGGEST LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS
(CLOSE TO 2.00 INCHES) ARE POSSIBLE.


MIDWEST/GREAT LAKES/OH VALLEY
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT CROSSING THE GREAT
LAKES AND MIDWEST DURING DAY 1 WILL FEED DEVELOPING
CONVECTION...WHICH MAY PRODUCE LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL...ESPECIALLY
ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES. THE 00Z NAM APPEARS TO BE TOO AGGRESSIVE
WITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SURFACE WAVE ON THE FRONT ACROSS
MI...WHICH LEADS TO STRONG LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE AND A WELL
DEVELOPED CONVECTIVE LINE WITH HEAVY RAINFALL ACROSS THE LP OF MI.
THE 00Z GFS/12Z ECMWF APPEARED TO HAVE A BETTER HANDLE ON THE
TIMING AND STRENGTH OF THE FRONT...AND THE WPC QPF WAS BASED MORE
ON THIS BLEND.

THE FIRST BATCH OF CONVECTION DEVELOPS AHEAD OF A SHORT WAVE THAT
TRACKS OUT OF CENTRAL CANADA INTO THE GREAT LAKES BEFORE 02/18Z.
MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE SHOULD BE
SUFFICIENT FOR A CLUSTER OF STRONG CONVECTION TO DEVELOP AND MOVE
ACROSS PORTIONS OF EASTERN
IA/NORTHERN AND CENTRAL IL INTO TO THE MID AFTERNOON. WHILE THERE
WILL BE ENOUGH MOISTURE AND LOW LEVEL MOISTURE FLUX FOR LOCALLY
HEAVY RAINFALL... THE CLUSTER SHOULD BE MOVING WITH THE MID LEVEL
FLOW...SO THE POTENTIAL FOR ORGANIZED FLASH FLOODING DURING THIS
TIME IS LOW.

THE MAIN THREAT FOR HEAVY RAINFALL COMES AFTER 02/18Z...AS A
STRONG SHORT WAVE DIVING SOUTH FROM CENTRAL CANADA CROSSES THE
UPPER GREAT LAKES. AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE AND SURFACE COLD
FRONT...A 40 TO 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST INFLOW TRANSPORTS
PRECIPITABLE WATER NEAR 1.50 INCHES INTO THE GREAT LAKES (MAINLY
WI/MI). MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED THAT INITIALLY DRY MID LEVELS
MOISTEN...SUGGESTING THAT THE COLUMN BECOMES MORE CONDUCIVE TO
HEAVY RAINFALL. THE MAIN THREAT FOR HEAVY RAINS SHOULD BE CENTERED
IN THE 30/00Z THROUGH 03/06Z TIME FRAME...AND A LARGE AREA OF 0.75
TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED OVER MI AND SOUTHEAST WI.

IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT MOST GLOBAL/REGIONAL MODELS HAD MAXIMUM
QPF VALUES IN EXCESS OF 2.00 INCHES...THOUGH IN DIFFERENT
LOCATIONS (MAINLY ACROSS THE LP OF MI INTO NEARBY ONTARIO). THREE
HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE GENERALLY ABOVE 2.00
INCHES...AND THE 14 DAY PRECIPITATION TOTALS HAVE BEEN RELATIVELY
LIGHT...SUGGESTING DRY ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS. WHILE THE MOISTURE
PROFILE IS IMPRESSIVE...THE STORMS THAT DEVELOP SHOULD MOVE WITH
THE MID LEVEL FLOW...SO OUTSIDE OF TRAINING...THE THREAT FOR
ORGANIZED FLASH FLOODING APPEARS TO BE LOW.


WESTERN UNITED STATES
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
MONSOONAL MOISTURE CONTINUES TO SURGE INTO THE SOUTHWEST
STATES...AND PORTIONS OF THE MOISTURE ARE DIVERTED INTO THE GREAT
BASIN AND SOUTHERN PLAINS. THE HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT
AIR...COMBINED WITH MARGINAL INSTABILITY AND LIFT FROM A SHORT
WAVE ACROSS THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES AND GREAT BASIN...IS EXPECTED TO
PRODUCE AN AREA OF SCATTERED TO BROKEN CONVECTION ACROSS THE AREA.
CONVECTION COULD PRODUCE HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL...ESPECIALLY ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES AND
GREAT BASIN. FOR THE MOST PART...THERE WAS GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT
WITH THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...INCLUDING THE PLACEMENT OF THE
SHORT WAVE. WITH THIS IN MIND...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND
OF THE 00Z NAM/GFS/12Z ECMWF...AND WAS AUGMENTED BY THE 00Z WRF
ARW TO BETTER DEPICT HIGHER TERRAIN QPF MAXIMA.

CONVECTION CONTINUES TO DEVELOP ACROSS PORTIONS OF EASTERN NM
EARLY THIS MORNING...WHICH THEN TRACKS INTO NORTH TX. INSTABILITY
REMAINS IN PLACE ACROSS THE AREA...BUT THE LOW LEVELS CONTINUE TO
STABILIZE...SO ADDITIONAL DEVELOPMENT SHOULD BE ON THE NOSE OF LOW
LEVEL JET ACROSS WEST TX THROUGH 02/12Z OR SO. ADDITIONAL ACTIVITY
DOES NOT APPEAR TO HAVE ENOUGH INSTABILITY FOR A SUSTAINED HEAVY
RAIN THREAT. ADDITIONAL ACTIVITY IS EXPECTED ACROSS ACROSS EASTERN
NM DURING THE DAY ...AS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR AN INCH
FUEL CONVECTION THAT IS INITIALLY TIED TO THE TERRAIN.

CLUSTERS THAT DEVELOP IN EASTERN NM COULD SURVIVE INTO THE EVENING
HOURS...BEFORE FOLLOWING AN INSTABILITY AXIS ACROSS NORTH TX INTO
SOUTHWEST OK. THE LATEST NAM SIMULATED SATELLITE IMAGERY SUGGESTS
THAT A SMALL MCS COULD FORM ON THE NOSE OF A LOW LEVEL JET ACROSS
WEST TX IN THE 03/6Z TO 03/12Z TIME FRAME. WHILE AN MCS COULD
FORM...THERE IS NOT A STRONG MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR IT TO OCCUR.
THEREFORE...THE 00Z NAM MAY BE TOO HEAVY WITH ITS QPF ACROSS NORTH
TX...AND THE WPC QPF WAS BASED MORE CLOSELY ON A BLEND ON THE 00Z
GFS/12Z ECMWF HERE.

THE BEST THRUST OF MONSOONAL MOISTURE SHOULD OCCUR ACROSS NM INTO
THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES AND GREAT BASIN (AS SEEN ON THE LATEST HIGH
AND MID LEVEL LAYERED PRECIPITABLE WATER IMAGES). THERE IS GOOD
MODEL AGREEMENT THAT A SHORT WAVE TRACKS NORTH OUT OF AZ THROUGH
NV AND UT DURING THE AFTERNOON AND EVENING HOURS. THE SYNOPTIC
SCALE ASCENT ASSOCIATED WITH THE SHORT WAVE SHOULD ALLOW CLUSTERS
OF CONVECTION TO BLOSSOM ACROSS WESTERN CO (INCLUDING THE SAN JUAN
MOUNTAINS) INTO NEARBY SOUTHEAST UT. PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES
HERE SHOULD RANGE BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS  ABOVE
THE MEAN...INCREASING THE THREAT FOR FLASH FLOODING. SOME OF THE
HIGH RESOLUTION GUIDANCE SUGGESTS LOCAL 2.00 INCH QPF AMOUNTS ARE
POSSIBLE WITH STORMS THAT TAP THE HIGH MOISTURE AIR...AND BASED ON
WHAT OCCURRED ACROSS WESTERN CO SAT...THIS SEEMS PLAUSIBLE.

THERE IS SOME UNCERTAINTY CONCERNING HOW WIDESPREAD THE HEAVY RAIN
THREAT WILL BE...BUT WESTERN CO AND SOUTHEAST UT SEEM TO BE IN THE
AREA WITH THE BEST COMBINATION OF LIFT/MOISTURE. WHILE BASIN
AVERAGE QPF AMOUNTS BETWEEN 0.25 AND 0.50 INCHES MAY BE COMMON IN
THE HIGHER TERRAIN...HIGHER AMOUNTS IN AREAS WHERE ONE AND THREE
HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AN INCH OR LESS WILL CAUSE
PROBLEMS. EITHER A SEE TEXT OR SMALL SLIGHT RISK AREA WILL BE
ISSUED FOR THIS AREA...WHICH MAY DEPEND ON COLLABORATION WITH
LOCAL OFFICES.

FURTHER WEST...INSTABILITY AND MOISTURE COULD SUPPORT SCATTERED
CONVECTION WITH LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL ACROSS PORTIONS OF NV INTO
NORTHERN CA AND WESTERN OR. AT THIS POINT...THE COVERAGE DOES NOT
APPEAR TO BE SUFFICIENT FOR A SLIGHT RISK AREA...BUT THIS WILL BE
MONITORED.


DAYS 2/3...

ROCKIES/MONTANA
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
OF THE TWO DAYS, MONDAY APPEARS TO BE THE BETTER DAY FOR
AFTERNOON/EVENING CONVECTION ACROSS THIS REGION AS A SHORTWAVE
MOVING IN FROM THE PACIFIC HELPS SCOUR OUT THE REMAINING MOISTURE
FROM MUCH OF THE GREAT BASIN BY THE TIME TUESDAY AFTERNOON/EVENING
ROLLS AROUND, LEAVING THE NORTHERN CONTINENTAL DIVIDE AS THE
CENTER OF ACTION.  USED A COMPROMISE OF THE 12Z AND 00Z ECMWF/00Z
GFS HERE FOR THE MOST PART, OUTSIDE OF EASTERN MT WHERE THE LOWER
AMOUNTS OF THE 12Z/00Z ECMWF APPEARED MORE REASONABLE.
INSTABILITY IS PROGGED TO BE MINIMAL, SO THINK ANY FLASH FLOOD
THREAT WOULD BE ISOLATED ON MONDAY ACROSS THE INTERMOUNTAIN WEST.


PLAINS/MIDWEST/MS VALLEY
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
COMBINED WITH THE USUAL NOCTURNAL LOW-LEVEL JET, A PAIR OF
SHORTWAVES MOVING OUT OF THE ROCKIES HELP INCREASE LOW-LEVEL
INFLOW ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE REGION.  CAPPING ACROSS THE REGION
IS QUITE MINIMAL, IF EXISTENT.  THE 21Z SREF MEAN SHOWS CAPE
VALUES RISING INTO THE 2000-3000 J/KG RANGE, WHICH ALONG WITH THE
INCREASING INSTABILITY SHOULD HELP DEVELOP CONVECTIVE COMPLEXES
NEAR THE WESTERN OK/TX BORDER, SD, AND TWO POSSIBLE ROUNDS FOR
PORTIONS OF KS, NE, AND MO.  TUESDAY APPEARS TO BE A BETTER
OVERALL SETUP THAN MONDAY FOR THESE COMPLEXES, BUT FLASH FLOOD
GUIDANCE IS RATHER LOW IN THIS REGION DUE TO RECENT RAINFALL.
PLACED SLIGHT RISKS OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ACROSS THESE AREAS TO
DEAL WITH THE FLASH FLOOD THREAT.  DECIDED AGAINST A MODERATE RISK
FOR TUESDAY AS EXACT PLACEMENT OF THE CONVECTIVE COMPLEX NEAR
KS/MO REMAINS UNCERTAIN.  THOUGHT THE 12Z/00Z ECMWF HAD A BETTER
HANDLE ON ACTIVITY ACROSS THE NORTHERN PLAINS AND MIDWEST (EVEN
WHEN CONSULTING THE 18Z AND 00Z GFS MASS FIELDS), WITH THE 00Z
UKMET HAVING SOME UTILITY ON TUESDAY.  THE 00Z GFS/00Z NAM/00Z
UKMET IDEAS SEEMED BETTER QPF-WISE NEAR THE WESTERN OK/TX BORDER,
WHICH THE PAST COUPLE DAYS OF ECMWF RUNS HAVE BEEN TRENDING
TOWARDS.


NORTHEAST
~~~~~~~~~
THUNDERSTORMS WITH MODERATE TO HEAVY RAINFALL ARE EXPECTED TO
IMPACT NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND AND PORTIONS OF NY MONDAY.  WHILE MASS
FIELDS IN THE GUIDANCE ARE SIMILAR, PROGRESSION ISSUES ARE SEEN IN
THE 00Z GFS AND 12Z/00Z ECMWF SOLUTIONS QPF-WISE.  HAVE LEANED ON
A COMPROMISE APPROACH BETWEEN THE TWO HERE SINCE THESE DIFFERENCES
WERE ALSO SEEN IN THE GUIDANCE AVAILABLE 24 HOURS AGO.  THE 21Z
SREF MEAN SHOWS CAPES >1000 J/KG WHILE THE 00Z GFS ADVERTISES 850
HPA INFLOW OF 30-50 KTS STREAMING INTO THE REGION.  THIS
COMBINATION SHOULD HELP ORGANIZE THUNDERSTORM ACTIVITY.  WHEN
CONSIDERING THE LOW FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE IN NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND,
IT SEEMED PRUDENT TO REINTRODUCE A SLIGHT RISK OF EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL INTO THIS REGION.


FLORIDA/SOUTHEAST
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
A LOW PRESSURE AREA MOVING AWAY FROM THE REGION IS EXPECTED TO
CAUSE A NARROW AXIS OF HEAVY RAINFALL TO FALL DURING THE AFTERNOON
AND EVENING HOURS IN THE NORTH-CENTRAL PENINSULA.  LIGHT FLOW IN
THE SOUTHERN PENINSULA SHOULD LEAD TO SEA BREEZE CONVECTION
FOCUSING ACROSS THE INTERIOR/THE EVERGLADES/NEAR LAKE OKEECHOBEE.
USED A COMPROMISE OF THE 00Z GFS/12Z ECMWF FOR THE QPF PATTERN IN
THIS REGION.  A TIGHT RAINFALL GRADIENT IS ANTICIPATED ALONG THE
COASTS OF SC AND NC, SO ANY WESTWARD SHIFT OF THE LOW TRACK COULD
BRING AMOUNTS UP SUBSTANTIALLY.  STAY TUNED.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

HAYES/ROTH

24HR QP VT 03/12Z
 0.01 502317 501314 502312 503312 504310 505310 516281 515278
513277 512274 511270 512265 512260
      514258 516257 518255 520253 522251 524249 526247 526244
      528242 530240
 0.01 553146 554133 555125 557117 556111 553107 542105 538106
      535110 530109 528103 523097 520099 516104 514105 512100
      509097 505101 500108 497115 498121 498135 499141 501147
      504152 508155 516163 521172 523177 525185 526191 526198
      529198 532192 536191 539193 538198 536205 536209 537212
      537215 544190 543190 541192 539194 538191 538188 539186
      540184 541181 541178 542176 544179 545180
 0.01 547928 547905 546879 545856 544847 543834 536795 534792
      533787 531781 528775 524775 521778 518782 515789 513797
      512801 509805 505818 501837 502856 506872 509880 511887
      518902 528931 534945 535947 539947 544941 544933 547928
 0.01 517660 513656 510653 507652 504652 499653 493658 481674
      476681 470687 465692 460699 456706 451714 448722 443730
      432744 418776 412793 409804 406815 402833 399840 396843
      392846 389847 388852 385862 382873 382886 374899 374902
      378905 380907 380911 380917 378923 380929 380934 382938
      387943 390944 389947 388951 385958 385965 385970 386975
      388980 394986 397986 401983 405975 409967 413959 416952
      419943 421940 422934 425924 426919 429915 432912 436912
      455915 472917 475915 477911 481902 484891 486879 488869
      490859 494836 495825 496813 495798 495791 493787 492783
      495779 500773 510759 533731 533726 534722 533706
 0.01 446226 445221 443215 439211 437206 433203 427200 415198
      413195 413192 416187 417168 416160 412156 410152 409147
      411143 413130 416114 418108 418099 419093 418083 414066
      416064 416059 414053 410050 407045 400035 400028 400024
      399023 397023 395026 392031 387035 383035 382032 379026
      379021 377011 373006 371001 367999 366996 366991 368990
      364985 355980 345977 341976 336979 332983 330990 329996
      329003 331011 330016 328025 330030 335034 337036 338040
      338048 337052 336055 319043 316046 318050 326059 337064
      336067 334068 331068 326068 320068 315071 309070 304071
      284064 279063 274061 268059 260058 254056 247055 237053
      234056 235060 238065 243070 247073 253081 261087 266089
      273090 280091 283093 283097 286102 291106 296109 302114
      311121 321126 322128 326124 325118 327113 331113 335116
      338122 341127 346132 349131 351128 355122 357120 357115
      354110 353108 356107 363106 363114 364119 362125 365129
      362136 356144 355149 356152 359157 367167 368169 368174
      368179 366182 361184 364185 367187 371189 372192 378199
      383203 387207 392210 397215 401219 403224 404227 404232
      407239 412241 415243 418245 423246 425243 424234 428230
      432228 437227 446226
 0.01 385675 369679 360681 355688 348693 342699 332713 324726
      318741 309756 305763 300770 295774 285777 281777 278779
      268781 252788 246805 245807 245811 247815 250818 256817
      260818 263820 266823 267826 264835 262839 262844 263856
      265877 266899 266908 265919 264929 261939 259945 258956
      257965 257968 260966 264963 269962 274958 284943 287938
      290934 294933 299933 301930 301925 303922 302899 306891
      307886 307882 308865 313849 321834 325827 328823 334822
      339818 342815 343811 345801 348794 354778 362760 376731
      382716 384712 385706 384699 385694 385675
 0.01 386747 384746 381747 379750 378753 378755 376758 375760
      375765 376765 379762 381760 382759 384754 385754 385749
      386747
 0.25 504723 503715 499711 494714 489718 480724 477726 474726
      468726 459731 456734 452740 447750 441761 436770 431781
      420804 416813 412824 408836 407843 406852 407863 405876
      404884 402889 397892 393897 394904 396908 403917 406919
      408914 412917 415918 417916 424907 429898 432893 436889
      440885 444885 449884 454882 456878 459871 462859 465844
      467829 470817 476787 482764 484759 487754 495744 498739
      501734 504723
 0.25 475892 475886 473880 471878 469870 467866 465867 464870
      463876 464883 465890 465895 467901 471900 473895 475892
 0.25 416229 418225 418220 418216 416213 414212 411210 408211
      407215 408218 410220 411225 411228 413230 416229
 0.25 409110 410104 409098 406098 404104 401108 397108 392105
      388102 392091 392078 393074 397071 398063 397059 394055
      388049 377046 372044 367041 364033 364025 365014 364007
      359007 351009 348013 348020 350025 353028 360036 362040
      360046 356056 357058 360058 364056 369056 375056 379059
      377062 373062 369060 366063 362063 359062 357063 357067
      360071 363073 368080 370086 373090 375094 377100 379103
      381105 384105 386105 385110 382109 379112 375123 373127
      372132 378132 381131 388125 391121 396119 402113 407112
      409110
 0.25 394177 396173 397168 396164 394162 391161 389163 387166
      386168 385173 386175 387178 390180 392179 394177
 0.25 390201 388199 386196 385194 383192 382190 379187 377186
      376188 378190 380192 383194 384196 386198 389201 390201
 0.25 365730 365726 364722 363718 361716 359715 358711 356708
      354708 351709 342712 338717 332730 320750 313762 306776
      300785 297790 295792 292794 284794 276797 261801 256804
      254806 256808 266812 274813 277814 278818 274824 272830
      271836 271845 272863 274880 275890 275900 273906 273913
      273922 272929 270942 270946 272948 274946 276942 280930
      282924 282914 284906 286900 289894 291886 310834 315823
      322812 330802 337791 349768 360742 365730
 0.25 368093 368090 368088 366086 364086 363085 362085 361086
      359086 358087 359089 360091 361092 362093 363094 363095
      365095 367095 367094 368093
 0.25 352991 351991 350991 348991 349991 351991 352991
 0.25 341098 341096 341093 340092 339091 337092 336093 337093
      337095 338097 338098 340098 341098
 0.25 336086 336084 334084 333086 333087 335087 336086
 0.25 331081 332079 331078 329079 330081 330082 331081
 0.25 300084 300082 299081 297081 296080 294080 292081 293083
      293084 295086 297086 299086 300084
 0.50 472761 471756 469754 464756 459763 457766 454769 448771
      443776 438783 434790 427802 423808 420818 416833 413841
      414847 415851 415862 415871 415877 417880 416886 413893
      412901 413910 415909 418905 421899 425893 429886 430880
      432877 437873 440872 443873 447874 450872 454864 456856
      456846 459825 460816 460806 463785 465777 467772 472761
 0.50 415227 415224 414223 413224 414226 414227 415227
 0.50 381081 382078 382076 382074 382072 381072 380070 379069
      378069 376068 375067 374069 374071 374073 374075 374077
      374078 374080 375082 377082 379082 381081 381081
 0.50 356730 352723 348723 343725 336729 331737 324750 320757
      316765 310778 306786 303795 302804 301813 298815 295813
      291812 288815 282819 277824 275828 274832 273838 274845
      277864 278869 281871 284870 287866 297855 303840 306832
      309825 309820 311816 317811 327799 336786 350756 353751
      354744 356730
 0.50 293805 292803 289801 287800 284800 281800 278801 276802
      272803 270804 270808 272810 275811 278811 282810 286809
      289809 292807 293805
 1.00 448817 447814 447812 447811 445810 443808 442808 440808
      440810 440813 441815 441817 442819 443820 444822 445822
      446821 447819 447818 448817
 1.00 447860 446860 446858 445856 443858 443860 443861 443863
      445863 446863 446861 447860
 1.00 346752 346747 344743 342744 339748 337750 337747 339743
      338740 334745 331751 328758 327762 325766 321771 317777
      311790 310797 312801 316801 321796 325790 334779 338773
      340766 343759 346752
 1.00 302829 301827 298824 292820 289819 285820 280825 277832
      277838 278848 279853 282856 284857 288856 292850 296845
      300838 302830 302829
 1.50 335765 334763 332765 332768 333769 334767 335765
 1.50 332772 332770 331769 331770 330772 331772 332772
 1.50 327779 327777 326776 324777 323777 323778 322780 321780
      320782 320783 319785 320786 322785 323784 323783 325782
      325781 327779 327779
 1.50 299836 300832 298828 294825 289823 285823 283825 280830
      280838 280846 283851 287851 290849 293845 296840 299836
 2.00 299834 298830 294827 291826 286827 283829 282834 282840
      283845 285848 289847 292844 295841 297837 299834
 3.00 297834 297832 295830 293829 292828 291828 289828 289829
      287830 286831 286833 286835 286837 286839 288840 290840
      292840 293839 294839 295837 296836 297834 297834

24HR QP VT 04/12Z
 0.01 511294 507298 504303 502304 498303 498300 502293 505290
      507286 509279 510271 509261 509254 510252 511246 515241
      515239 512239 511236 509235 508231 509227 515215 519212
      519209 517202 515199 511195 508193 505195 500194 497195
      495193 495189 493184 488178 485176 481173 475168 466164
      464167 462172 464176 464178 457185 454188 450189 447189
      445187 443188 439192 442197 458207 479213 476217 471221
      465224 458227 452230 444231 440232 435232 426232 417232
      411231 408228 404224 401220 399210 396205 394200 393195
      394187 395182 398178 401174 405174 438177 447179 450176
      449171 446161 440154 437150 436143 434140 435136 437129
      437126 435126 432129 425136 413151 407155 404157 400155
      400149 398146 391147 376148 372141 370132 370125 372118
      374114 378112 387109 391107 393103 397099 392097 386096
      382099 376103 373100 373093 370081 367072 365068 365064
      368062 373062 376061 377059 371053 367046 360039 350038
      348039 348042 349046 350053 351059 349063 346066 343070
      344074 347081 347086 348092 346096 345103 344107 334110
      325114 320118 317121 316119 314116 309113 305112 303110
      299109 295109 290109 284108 271100 263093 255086 243074
      231060 227052 230050 236050 244051 252053 270054 290055
      310055 316055 319054 319051 316043 320035 323031 326029
      342017 339006 338000 338993 338988 340985 346981 351981
      356982 362986 372999 381013 386021 394027 398029 402030
      404031 405028 407024 409019 410015 409012 408005 406000
      401991 397982 393965 391955 390950 393947 397946 399948
      406953 412960 417968 422977 425988 428999 429013 431025
      431029 433030 438031 443032 446036 448051 451071
 0.01 451071 453078 457086 461102 464110 467119 471124 472121
      477121 488129 492130 495133 499134 512136 524139 529137
      535133 542130 551132 554132 556130
 0.01 502622 494626 489631 481645 476654 472661 469664 464667
      461671 458676 454681 449687 440700 418730 414735 410741
      402756 399765 398768 396774 390782 385788 368811 369831
      375841 377844 381841 386838 389836 393839 393845 392851
      390859 399867 403864 406857 410850 414848 418840 422834
      427826 433816 437808 438804 441801 450790 455785 464783
      468780 470780 470783 467789 466794 464804 462808 462812
      464814 469832 471836 471840 473845 475844 480842 485841
      489842 493840 498838 503839 506836 508841 510846 510850
      513859 520858 523855 524851 524842 523836 519833 518829
      520805 524786 526764 527751 527747 528743 528737 529731
      528722 527711 525707 524703 524694 523684 522675
 0.01 489154 486151 484149 483148 480145 478143 475142 472141
      471145 473148 474150 477151 481152 482154 485156 489154
 0.01 407674 406670 402671 397672 394674 390677 386680 381687
      378691 376697 370704 362711 353717 324738 301770 297772
      292773 289772 285773 265775 230793 227795 225798 224803
      222805 223817 224823 226825 226831 227838 230838 232833
      234828 234824 236821 239820 241823 243825 245823 250817
      254825 258834 262844 264855 269866 270882 270900 273910
      273924 270947 268954 268962 272968 279964 285958 287954
      289951 294944 294931 295924 296919 299891 303884 305875
      307871 306864 306858 304854 304845 305839 307832 310829
      323815 333804 344790 351782 356772 361762 366755 377742
      381735 387728 396710 400697 401692 404687 407674
 0.01 306042 308040 306038 304038 302038 302040 304042 306043
      306042
 0.25 550164 549164 548164 547165 546166 545167 544168 543170
      543171 542173 541176 541177 540178 540181 541184 541185
      542187 543188 543190 544193
 0.25 511663 511655 509646 507638 504634 501635 499638 496646
      494651 490656 458689 446704 439714 433726 429735 426739
      423744 414751 410756 409759 409763 413763 417765 418773
      417779 414785 411787 407789 401790 397793 391800 389805
      389810 394812 398811 404808 408807 411807 412822 417821
      420816 424805 431793 435783 438772 443767 447763 452760
      456759 460757 463754 466749 467743 472728 479719 481716
      486713 490702 498693 506683 509674 511663
 0.25 456145 459129 459119 457113 453102 450096 445093 441091
      437091 431092 427091 425096 423102 421107 420109 415109
      412105 411099 409096 407096 404102 402107 399105 396110
      396114 397116 406119 413119 418118 422120 425124 429122
      433116 435114 441115 444120 444128 439137 439143 443149
      450151 454149 456145
 0.25 450080 450078 450076 449075 448073 447072 446072 445071
      443070 441069 441072 441073 442074 443075 444077 446079
      448080 449081 450080
 0.25 430216 431214 431212 430211 429210 427208 425209 424210
      423212 424215 426216 428217 430217 430216
 0.25 429082 428078 425075 422073 421069 416062 409057 395050
      393047 388046 381049 378052 379056 384056 384054 385059
      389059 395062 391068 390077 391083 393086 396088 399085
      404079 406077 411076 419078 419084 421088 426086 429082
 0.25 426039 428030 428024 427018 424004 423994 421985 419979
      415973 410969 405964 402960 397960 396963 397970 400978
      406991 411003 414010 418017 421022 423030 424038 426039
 0.25 385713 384706 383703 380704 373711 353725 337736 328744
      322754 312772 309776 305781 297789 293798 291803 291806
      288807 285808 282806 276803 272801 266800 261800 256801
      252804 251808 252810 257813 262814 270814 278812 284811
      286814 285817 283821 279825 276829 274834 273841 275849
      278852 280856 283860 287859 292847 296836 299827 305819
      315812 324805 330798 337791 350771 361754 374735 381725
      383719 385713
 0.25 379078 379076 378074 378073 377071 376070 375069 375068
      373067 372068 372071 373072 373073 373075 373077 374079
      374080 375082 377082 379080 379078
 0.25 374024 372017 368010 365001 361996 358995 353996 352998
      351004 349013 351022 355028 362032 368035 370034 373030
      374024
 0.25 335058 334056 332055 330054 329054 327055 326057 327057
      328058 330059 332059 334058 335058
 0.25 301091 302086 302081 301076 300073 294070 286068 270064
      253060 237057 239061 241063 245068 254079 266088 278096
      284098 289099 292098 297094 301091
 0.50 497670 495665 490667 481679 476678 473679 472681 467687
      462691 455701 450706 446712 441722 436737 434742 429746
      417753 416757 419758 424760 428765 431767 434766 438763
      440756 440752 442749 448744 457737 460731 463724 467720
      471716 472707 475700 479688 484684 490680 495676 497670
 0.50 454134 453134 453132 453129 452127 451127 451126 451127
      449129 449130 448131 447133 446135 445138 445140 446141
      447142 449142 450141 451140 452139 453137 453135 454134
 0.50 447111 448109 448107 448104 448102 448099 447097 446097
      445098 443099 443101 442103 441105 440107 440108 441110
      442112 443113 445113 447111 447111
 0.50 426113 427110 427108 426108 425110 425112 426113 426113
 0.50 425018 422006 420992 420987 417982 414977 410974 403968
      401966 398968 400975 405986 410996 414005 416010 420014
      422018 423022 425019 425018
 0.50 410110 410108 410105 410103 409101 408098 407100 406102
      406103 405105 405107 405109 405110 407112 408111 410110
 0.50 405067 403066 401067 400068 398069 397069 396070 395071
      394073 394074 393075 394077 394078 395080 397079 397078
      399076 401074 403072 403071 404070 405068 405067
 0.50 373729 373724 370722 364723 360725 353729 345736 334748
      325763 319780 316789 315794 319795 322796 327795 333789
      339783 344776 354762 364746 373731 373729
 0.50 377078 377076 376074 375075 375078 376079 377078
 0.50 365025 366021 366016 365013 363009 363007 362005 360003
      356002 355005 354007 353011 353016 354019 356022 357024
      359025 363026 365025
 0.50 312798 310797 308797 307798 306799 305800 304802 303804
      305805 307805 309804 311803 312801 312798 312798
 0.50 302812 299811 295812 292816 288821 283827 279832 277840
      280843 285843 290838 293832 296826 300819 302812
 0.50 294088 295081 292077 282073 271070 260066 256065 249064
      254071 259080 266085 275090 279092 285094 289093 293088
      294088
 0.50 274805 272803 270802 266801 263801 259802 256803 254805
      254808 256809 258810 262809 265809 269808 271808 274805
 1.00 419003 419998 418992 417987 414983 410980 407977 404977
      405982 407987 409991 412995 414998 416003 419003 358016
358015
      357016 358016 358016
 1.00 360745 358742 355740 351742 348745 344750 341757 338763
      335770 335772 338775 342772 347767 352760 355755 359747
      360745
 1.00 297817 298815 295814 292818 290821 288824 286829 283831
      283834 284836 288835 291830 293827 294824 297819 297817
 1.50 416994 416991 415990 414989 414987 413987 412986 410986
      410987 411989 412991 413994 415995 416994
 1.50 353753 354751 352749 349751 347753 346756 344758 343761
      342764 343767 345765 347763 349760 350758 352755 353753
 1.50 293824 294821 295817 294818 292821 291822 290823 290824
      289826 289829 290829 291827 291826 292824 293824

24HR QP VT 05/12Z
 0.01 510297 507293 505287 504278 504271 505260 506255 508253
      511247 515243 517240 516235 519228 523224 525217 527214
      530215 535217 536220
 0.01 539204 534205 527204 516195 492183 488178 483174 479170
      474168 471167 468168 465169 463172 464176 463179 459185
      455190 449193 439190 423209 419214 416215 416206 415199
      410184 407179 402174 396170 392166 394145 395128 395123
      392122 386120 387112 389107 391103 395098 401100 405095
      407088 409084 411084 423110 426115 429123 427140 430154
      432154 432150 433141 435133 436127 436120 433113 432106
      433102 431098 427092 426089 428087 431086 433083 432073
      432062 427049 428033 425026 421022 410016 406012 404007
      404997 403992 400990 394991 387993 374997 368998 365000
      364004 360009 356012 349012 344008 342006 341001 341991
      340984 340980 342978 344971 348965 354952 357945 359936
      359930 357922 354906 355900 357893 360887 361878 364873
      368867 369864 372864 375866 375870 380886 393911 398922
      405933 409940 413945 420954 441971 449979 457991 460997
      462001 462006 465023 468028 472031 475033 479034 484035
      487035 490033 495030 502029 509029 520035 525039 529044
      534048 537048 539051 553056 555058 558059 560059 560063
      560074 558079 555085 554089 556092 560101
 0.01 550819 549814 547808 544801 538797 533800 531806 532811
      534817 532822 527844 524844 523850 523860 525865 528868
      530870 533867 532857 531851 534854 536859 538864 539866
      542869 544866 547864 547855 543844 543841 544836 546830
      548826 550819
 0.01 501620 497626 493626 489628 481629 474633 468638 465640
      461641 456639 453638 448640 440644 431647 426649 423651
      415654 409659 404664 393671 387677 383684 372696 361706
      356712 350718 342728 337734 331739 322749 316755 313760
      302772 299774 295775 288780 274787 267791 260794 248802
      239810 236809 234805 232804 231799 227793 223794 224797
      222802 223806 223817 224823 226825 227833 226838 227842
      230843 231840 234832 236830 238833 239845 239848 243845
      248843 253837 262829 268827 274829 281833 289835 293837
      293843 292852 290860 286866 283873 281881 281891 280894
      280898 280909 281917 286933 294945 300950 307946 312943
      315943 317939 318930 316921 313913 311905 311896 311887
      311876 311871 312868 314864 314860 313854 311850 310840
      308831 311822 311817 313813 317807 322801 333791 344781
      349775 356771 360769 358775 355784 360790 363789 365785
      368780 380769 394761 398754 401746 405739 410733 413728
      417723 422718 428711 431708 433706 434708 432718 429735
      427744 424751 421756 420761 420771 420793 420801 427798
      429795 433795 436793 440793 448795 455798 458798 460800
      464801 467804 469811 473818 474821 477822 480822 482824
      485824 489826 493825 498819 505806 508803 510799 513791
      515780 518772 519764 521755 523745 525734 522710 520688
      519678 521673
 0.01 489320 488317 487314 485313 484312 482311 481311 480313
      480316 479318 481319 482320 484321 486321 487322 489320
      489320
 0.01 416062 412059 406056 402055 398055 394050 389048 383048
      378049 367052 360053 357056 379059 383063 383065 380065
      378068 376066 371062 368063 363063 359065 357067 358069
      362069 365068 368070 370075 372080 375085 380086 384087
      385090 385093 387091 389086 394083 397085 400080 404079
      405077 413071 410063 414064 416062
 0.01 381094 380094 378094 378096 379096 380096 381094
 0.01 315052 316049 315045 311044 309040 308036 305032 303032
      300036 300042 302044 306045 307047 309051 314052 315052
 0.01 307100 308093 307088 306076 302067 299065 293063 281063
      276061 272058 256050 247046 243046 239047 235051 234057
      239064 252077 258083 266088 272094 279099 289104 293105
      299105 304103 307100
 0.25 556129 553119 551113 549110 545107 541108 536115 531123
      525129 522131 521138 521146 522150 526153 530155 534158
      536161 538167 539172 541177 545179 547180
 0.25 521268 520267 518267 517267 516267 515268 514269 514271
      513274 513277 514280 515281 516283
 0.25 504649 502649 501649 499649 497650 497652 497654 498654
      500654 501653 502653 503652 504649 504649
 0.25 504062 504057 501054 496052 492052 487053 483054 480057
      479062 483064 488064 493064 497064 501064 504062
 0.25 497151 497145 495142 489137 484132 479127 477124 473123
      469128 471135 471146 478145 484149 491153 495153 497151
 0.25 482657 482654 482652 481649 480647 480646 479647 479650
      479652 479653 478655 479658 480659 482658 482657
 0.25 479663 477663 477664 479663 479663
 0.25 485111 484106 482102 478096 474090 472082 467068 463061
      461054 460044 459032 456014 454006 451999 444988 434977
      430972 423968 418970 413965 408952 394925 381900 376893
      374891 370889 365895 363902 362912 364923 367938 368947
      368957 368967 369975 371978 375979 381979 387978 392978
      395979 402983 409981 413982 415984 418991 424004 430016
      437031 440049 443065 444075 446082 446088 445092 442094
      441098 442102 441108 440115 444121 444129 443137 444142
      446144 452147 456147 459145 459139 460133 461130 460126
      458123 458119 458114 459111 472114 480114 485111
 0.25 471668 470666 467665 464665 463662 460652 457649 452648
      445650 434655 412670 392683 384692 377701 370709 361718
      357722 354727 347737 333754 326763 320773 316783 313788
      312792 314795 319792 324789 332780 339771 344761 348756
      354753 361752 365749 369745 373742 375742 375745 373751
      372759 373763 376763 387756 388754 388750 386747 386743
      389736 392732 406711 410708 414707 417702 419696 422690
      425684 431681 437679 456686 464684 467682 467679 468671
      471668
 0.25 469150 468148 466147 466149 467151 469150
 0.25 448724 448719 446717 444717 443720 442723 441727 440731
      439733 440738 441741 443744 444742 445739 446734 447732
      447727 448724
 0.25 434763 434761 433759 432758 431759 430760 430762 429764
      429766 429767 429768 430769 430771 432773 433771 434768
      434766 434765 434763
 0.25 358000 358998 357996 357994 357993 356991 355991 353990
      351990 350990 349991 348993 348995 349998 349000 350002
      351003 353003 355003 356002 358000
 0.25 301091 300084 298078 294074 289072 277068 264064 258063
      253063 249064 249067 252071 259078 268086 277092 287098
      294099 298097 301091
 0.25 296815 295813 291812 289814 287816 285819 283821 282823
      284825 287826 289824 292822 294820 295817 296815
 0.25 293887 293883 291882 288887 286893 284900 285908 286916
      288920 290923 291920 290914 289906 289898 291893 293887
 0.25 279811 276807 274805 269804 263805 258806 256809 258813
      260815 264817 270817 273816 278813 279811
 0.50 555136 553128 550121 547117 543119 540124 537129 533134
      531141 530146 532147 536148 538150 540156 542164 546169
      548171
 0.50 455661 455655 453653 450653 447656 445657 442659 440661
      439664 439665 443666 446665 448665 450667 452666 453663
      455661
 0.50 466090 464077 460067 458060 457054 456048 456040 454024
      452012 450006 448001 443993 436984 428978 423975 421976
      420983 422989 426000 430011 440030 444041 447053 449066
      453077 458087 462091 465092 466090
 0.50 454108 454105 454100 453095 452095 449095 446096 445099
      446104 446106 445110 445111 447114 450115 452112 453110
      454108
 0.50 409688 409685 407685 403685 396688 391694 386701 373710
      368716 361722 357728 353735 349742 348746 350748 359748
      364743 369736 373731 380725 387721 396707 406694 409688
 0.50 406973 406966 405961 403954 400945 397938 390924 382911
      378905 373902 369902 367905 365914 366923 369932 371940
      372949 374959 377967 382972 389973 397975 401976 404975
      406973
 0.50 382757 383754 382754 380755 378756 377757 376758 377758
      379759 380758 382757 382757
 0.50 343755 341752 338755 334760 329766 325771 321778 320783
      323785 325783 330777 333771 337764 341758 343755
 0.50 295092 293085 288079 283076 276073 269070 261070 259072
      261075 266080 271085 277089 284092 291094 295092
 1.00 550145 551143 551140 551137 549134 548133 546133 544135
      544136 544138 544139 545141 545142 547145 548146 550146
      550145
 1.00 452042 450029 448015 444003 439995 431987 430986 427986
      427992 431004 435015 440024 446034 448039 451044 452042
 1.00 400970 401965 400961 398954 394943 391936 389931 382921
      378917 374914 371913 370916 369921 371929 373935 377947
      379954 380963 384967 391967 400970
 1.00 376719 376717 375717 373717 372719 372720 374720 376719
      376719
 1.00 364733 363731 363730 361730 359732 358734 357734 357737
      356738 356739 357740 358740 360739 361738 362737 363735
      364733
 1.50 446017 445012 443007 441002 439000 436996 433993 431992
      432997 434002 435007 437011 439014 442018 446017
 1.50 395963 393954 391945 388938 384932 379927 375922 373928
      376936 379943 383949 384953 384959 391961 395963
 2.00 384940 384939 383938 382937 380937 379938 380940 380941
      382942 384941 384940

$$





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