Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Grand Rapids, MI

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FXUS63 KGRR 201111

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Grand Rapids MI
711 AM EDT WED JUL 20 2016


Issued at 328 AM EDT Wed Jul 20 2016

High pressure will move east today with temperatures and humidity
increasing into the weekend. Only isolated thunderstorms are
expected through Thursday, but severe weather will be possible
Thursday night.


.SHORT TERM...(Today through Friday)
Issued at 328 AM EDT Wed Jul 20 2016

Forecast concern in the near term is the potential for strong to
severe storms Thursday night. There is fairly good model
consensus for an MCS to drop south through Lower Michigan, which
the synoptic pattern would be favorable for. Forecast soundings
are impressive with CAPEs over 2000 and lifted indices minus 5 to
minus 7 overnight. Shear profiles are not as impressive with 25 to
30 knots of 0 to 6 km shear across southwest Lower Michigan.

The extent of the convection will also have a large bearing on the
max temperature forecast for Friday. We will go with maxes close
to the superblend guidance in the 90 to 94 range, but this could
go higher without convection...or be lowered by more extensive
clouds and rain along with a lingering cold pool of outflow.

.LONG TERM...(Friday night through Tuesday)
Issued at 328 AM EDT Wed Jul 20 2016

Saturday night looks like an active period across Lower Michigan.
Low pressure over the upper Mississippi Valley will move east and
push a warm front north across the cwa. We`ll likely see showers and
storms develop near this front. At the same time, a cold front
moving east across Wisconsin will also generate some storms. Li`s
near -5c coupled with shear values in the 35-40kt range suggest some
organization is possible. Models suggest the pcpn may linger through
Sunday. The ECMWF and GFS show the cold front exiting the cwa Sunday
evening. Cooler and drier air will filter into the cwa Monday and

Saturday will be a hot day with highs in the lower 90s and then near
90 Sunday but then dropping to the mid 80s Monday and Tuesday.


.AVIATION...(For the 12Z TAFS through 12Z Thursday morning)
Issued at 711 AM EDT Wed Jul 20 2016

VFR conditions are expected to continue through tonight. There
could be isolated thunderstorms this afternoon with localized
MVFR/IFR but the chances are deemed low enough to leave out of the
forecast for now. Southwest winds will be aob 10 knots.


Issued at 328 AM EDT Wed Jul 20 2016

Winds and waves will be increasing today and tonight and may come
close to being hazardous to small craft on Thursday. There will be
a slight chance of thunderstorms through Thursday with a better
chance Thursday night. There is a chance of severe weather
Thursday night.


Issued at 330 PM EDT Tue Jul 19 2016

With chances for thunderstorms the latter half of the week and into
the weekend, but low confidence in timing and coverage, the pattern
will likely continue to support many locations not getting enough
rain and some locations getting too much too quickly. WPC basin-
average QPF is advertising a range between a half inch to nearly 2
inches across the CWA through Friday evening, with greater amounts
favored toward the south and west. But as is typical with weakly
forced summer convection, rainfall totals will probably vary
substantially over short distances.


.GRR Watches/Warnings/Advisories...


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