Public Information Statement
Issued by NWS Charleston, SC

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NOUS42 KCHS 231421
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GAZ087-088-099>101-114>119-137>141-SCZ040-042>045-047>052-240000-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CHARLESTON SC
1021 AM EDT SAT AUG 23 2014

...HEAT SAFETY TIPS...

OPPRESSIVE HEAT AND HUMIDITY IS EXPECTED ACROSS MUCH OF THE REGION
TODAY.

NOW IS A GOOD TIME TO REVIEW SOME SAFETY INFORMATION ON EXCESSIVE
HEAT. THIS INFORMATION IS PROVIDED BY THE AMERICAN RED CROSS AND
THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE.

EXCESSIVE HEAT AND HUMIDITY WILL MAKE FOR DANGEROUS CONDITIONS IF
PROPER PRECAUTIONS ARE NOT TAKEN.

IF WORKING OUTSIDE...TAKE FREQUENT BREAKS AND DRINK ENOUGH WATER
TO REMAIN HYDRATED.

WEAR LIGHTWEIGHT...LIGHT COLORED CLOTHING..A HAT AND USE AN
UMBRELLA.

AVOID ALCOHOL AND CAFFEINE WHICH DEHYDRATE THE BODY. AVOID USING
SALT TABLETS UNLESS DIRECTED TO DO SO BY A PHYSICIAN.

EAT SMALL MEALS AND EAT MORE OFTEN. AVOID HIGH PROTEIN FOODS
WHICH INCREASE METABOLIC HEAT.

SLOW DOWN. AVOID STRENUOUS ACTIVITY. IF YOU MUST DO STRENUOUS
WORK...DO IT BETWEEN 4 AND 7 AM.

STAY INDOORS WHEN POSSIBLE. IF AIR CONDITIONING IS NOT
AVAILABLE...STAY ON THE LOWEST FLOOR OUT OF SUNSHINE. ELECTRIC
FANS DO NOT COOL...THEY SIMPLY CIRCULATE AIR.

CHECK ON ELDERLY RESIDENTS IN YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD AND THOSE WHO DO
NOT HAVE AIR CONDITIONING.

NEVER LEAVE A CHILD IN A CAR...EVEN FOR A FEW MINUTES.

ENSURE PETS HAVE ADEQUATE FRESH DRINKING WATER AND A SHADY PLACE
TO REST. DO NOT KEEP PETS IN CARS WITH THE WINDOWS ROLLED
UP...EVEN PARTIALLY. TEMPERATURES INSIDE CARS CAN REACH WELL OVER
150 DEGREES.

KNOW THE SIGNS OF HEAT CRAMPS...HEAT EXHAUSTION AND HEAT STROKE.

HEAT CRAMPS...
HEAT CRAMPS ARE MUSCULAR PAINS AND SPASMS DUE TO HEAVY EXERTION.
ALTHOUGH HEAT CRAMPS ARE THE LEAST SEVERE...THEY ARE AN EARLY
SIGNAL THAT THE BODY IS HAVING TROUBLE WITH THE HEAT.

HEAT EXHAUSTION...
HEAT EXHAUSTION TYPICALLY OCCURS WHEN PEOPLE EXERCISE HEAVILY OR
WORK IN A HOT...HUMID PLACE WHERE BODILY FLUIDS ARE LOST THROUGH
HEAVY SWEATING. THIS RESULTS IN A FORM OF MILD SHOCK. IF NOT
TREATED...THE VICTIM MAY SUFFER HEAT STROKE. SIGNALS OF HEAT
EXHAUSTION INCLUDE COOL...MOIST...PALE FLUSHED OR RED SKIN. HEAVY
SWEATING. HEADACHE. NAUSEA OR VOMITING. DIZZINESS AND EXHAUSTION.
BODY TEMPERATURE WILL BE NEAR NORMAL.

HEAT STROKE...
ALSO KNOWN AS SUNSTROKE AND IS LIFE THREATENING. THE VICTIMS
TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM...WHICH PRODUCED SWEAT TO COOL THE
BODY...STOPS WORKING. THE BODY TEMPERATURE CAN RISE SO HIGH THAT
BRAIN DAMAGE AND DEATH MAY RESULT IF THE BODY IS NOT COOLED
QUICKLY. SIGNALS INCLUDE HOT...RED AND DRY SKIN. CHANGES IN
CONSCIOUSNESS. RAPID...WEAK PULSE AND RAPID...SHALLOW BREATHING.
BODY TEMPERATURE CAN BE VERY HIGH...SOMETIMES AS HIGH AS 105
DEGREES.

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