Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Greer, SC

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000
FXUS62 KGSP 262346
AFDGSP

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Greenville-Spartanburg SC
746 PM EDT FRI AUG 26 2016

.SYNOPSIS...
Surface high pressure will build over the region through the
weekend. Tropical low pressure will slowly strengthen off the
southern tip of Florida early next week and then possibly move into
the Gulf of Mexico. Forecast uncertainty is very high with this
system.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH SATURDAY/...
As of 745 PM EDT Friday:  Convective coverage associated with a
zone of sfc convergence amongst abundant instability continues
to weaken on schedule as heating subsides.  Thus, allowed pops to
gradually taper down from the east, holding at low end chances for
a few hours along the I85 corridor region of the western Upstate
and northeast GA.  Otherwise, adjusted t/td and sky to account for
recent ob/sat trends and left the remainder of the fcst as it was
for this update.

At 200 PM Friday: An upper ridge will drift northeast from the
Southern Appalachians to VA by Saturday. The models show weak
surface troughing persisting east of the mountains, while low level
moisture persist across our area. Moderate instability combined with
light upslope flow into the blue ridge will support convection each
afternoon, mainly along the Blue Ridge, however shear appears to
weak for organized convection. Steering flow should be sufficient
to keep cells moving, and unless some training occurs, rainfall
should be limited. Temperatures are expected to run slightly above
normal under the upper ridge.

&&

.SHORT TERM /SATURDAY NIGHT THROUGH MONDAY/...
As of 200 PM EDT Friday: A dominant 500 mb ridge will remain
centered over the mid Atlantic region Saturday night through Sunday.
An inverted wave over the Atlantic offshore waters is expected to
slip westward under the ridge through the day on Sunday, but with
little attendant moisture increase across the Carolinas and NE GA.
With surface high pressure centered northeast of region, low level
northeasterly winds should bring slightly drier dewpoint air into
the NC foothills and piedmont - with an attendant decrease in
convective potential in those areas. Isolated to scattered
convection should continue to develop in easterly upslope flow
farther SW and over the mountains.

The retrograding offshore upper vorticity maximum should stall out
near the SC/GA coast on Monday - with limited westward penetration
of deeper moisture. The easterly upslope flow will continue but with
instability remaining rather unimpressive. Easterly deep layer
steering winds will also continue to take any Blue Ridge development
westward through the period to help curtail piedmont PoPs. Mins will
remain well above climo through the period, with maxes slightly
above.

&&

.LONG TERM /MONDAY NIGHT THROUGH FRIDAY/...
As of 230 PM EDT Friday...The medium range picks up 00Z Tuesday with
a relatively flat pattern aloft. Ridging builds in quickly over the
southern plains early next week, with an upper trough and modest
height falls over the east coast slowly developing. Despite the
deepening trough, the upper ridge axis is close enough to us that
the CWA will encounter some convective suppression with little
moisture return at the surface, so pops were kept well below climo
for the entire area. A surface front will sag into the southern
Appalachians from the north later next week, though models diverge
again on the timing of the frontal passage. No major model is overly
excited about QPF response associated with the front, though, so
precip chances were kept low through the end of next week. Though
there is considerable uncertainty about the depth of an approaching
upper level trough next week, the general trend of lowering maximum
temperatures to just above climo by the end of the next work week
seems reasonable, and was reflected in the forecast.

Now for the largest source of uncertainty in the extended period.
The potential tropical system (currently more of an open wave) is
still disorganized as it approaches the Bahamas, and does not look
to have favorable development prospects for the next couple of days.
Model guidance still features large disagreements as far as track
and intensity, though recent trends suggest a slower track into the
eastern Gulf of Mexico and a weaker system (if it is able to develop
at all, which is a big "if" at this point). The system is not
totally down and out, but impacts from it in our area look
nonexistent at this time, so the trend of lowering pops next week
was continued with this afternoon forecast package. Few other
changes were made to the medium range forecast.

&&

.AVIATION /00Z SATURDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...
At KCLT: VFR through the period with the exception of any tsra
related restrictions on Saturday afternoon/evening.  Otherwise,
low/mid cu will persist into late evening eventually giving
way to few high cirrus for the overnight.  Winds look to remain
light/southerly before backing ne around daybreak then gradually
veering/increasing ese into the afternoon.  At that time did
introduce tsra prob30 from 21-24z as guidance favors abundant
instability in the region with a weaker cap than days past.

Elsewhere: Trends similar to that of KCLT above, however with
daybreak cig/visb restrictions possible at KAVL/KHKY/KAND.  Would
like to note that confidence in visb concerns at KAVL/KHKY is rather
low given the amount of mixing that occurred this afternoon leading
to very low xover temps.  As for KAND, confidence in fog is higher
given more favorable xover temps as well as adjacent rainfall this
evening.  Otherwise, light vrb/southerly winds to prevail overnight,
backing ne a bit to start to the day, then veering/increasing ese
into the afternoon hours.  Prob30s for tsra were included at all
sites into the afternoon as heating builds allowing high clouds
to give way to low vfr cu for the remainder of the taf period.

Outlook: A deep ridge of high pressure will persist across the
region through early next week. The environment should support mid
to late afternoon thunderstorms each day, primarily over the mtns
and adjacent foothills. Weak steering flow should favor iso to sct
coverage, with storms dissipating with two hours following sunset.
Patchy fog will be possible any morning following a late afternoon
to early evening shower or thunderstorm.

Confidence Table...

            23-05Z        05-11Z        11-17Z        17-18Z
KCLT       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High 100%
KGSP       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High 100%
KAVL       Low   55%     Low   55%     Low   55%     Low   57%
KHKY       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High 100%
KGMU       High 100%     High 100%     High  83%     High 100%
KAND       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High 100%

The percentage reflects the number of guidance members agreeing
with the scheduled TAF issuance flight rule category. Complete hourly
experimental aviation forecast consistency tables and ensemble forecasts
are available at the following link:

www.weather.gov/gsp/aviation

&&

.GSP WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
GA...None.
NC...None.
SC...None.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...HG
NEAR TERM...CDG/JAT
SHORT TERM...HG
LONG TERM...LEV
AVIATION...CDG



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