Climatological Report (Monthly)
Issued by NWS Wichita, KS

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000
CXUS53 KICT 012210
CLMICT

CLIMATE REPORT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WICHITA KS
448 PM CDT THU MAY 1 2014

...................................

...THE WICHITA MID CONTINENT KS CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF APRIL 2014...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1888 TO 2014

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH              98   04/06/1893
 LOW               15   04/03/1975
                        04/03/1936
HIGHEST            88   04/26                         86  04/29
                        04/12
LOWEST             27   04/15                         25  04/24
AVG. MAXIMUM     70.5              67.7     2.8     61.9
AVG. MINIMUM     43.3              44.5    -1.2     40.7
MEAN             56.9              56.1     0.8     51.3
DAYS MAX >= 90      0               0.4    -0.4        0
DAYS MAX <= 32      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MIN <= 32      3               2.4     0.6        6
DAYS MIN <= 0       0               0.0     0.0        0

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM        12.42   1944
 MINIMUM         0.22   1963
                        1919
                        1914
TOTALS           0.53              2.59   -2.06     3.47
DAILY AVG.       0.02              0.09   -0.07     0.12
DAYS >= .01         7               8.0    -1.0       12
DAYS >= .10         1               4.9    -3.9        8
DAYS >= .50         0               1.6    -1.6        3
DAYS >= 1.00        0               0.6    -0.6        0
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    0.39   04/01 TO 04/02
                        04/02 TO 04/02
                        04/02 TO 04/03

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL           19.7   5
                        0
                        -26215
TOTALS            0.3               0.2     0.1      0.2
SINCE 7/1        23.0              14.9     8.1     30.0
SNOWDEPTH AVG.      0                MM      MM        0
DAYS >= 1.0         0               0.0     0.0        0
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH         T   04/14                         -1  04/24
 24 HR TOTAL      0.3   04/14 TO 04/14               0.2

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL     270               291     -21      421
 SINCE 7/1       4866              4508     358     4358
COOLING TOTAL      33                24       9       16
 SINCE 1/1         33                26       7       16
.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              15.0
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    48/160    DATE  04/23
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    59/160    DATE  04/23

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)    0
AVERAGE SKY COVER           0.50
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR           10
NUMBER OF DAYS PC             12
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY          8

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     49

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM              0     MIXED PRECIP               0
HEAVY RAIN                1     RAIN                       3
LIGHT RAIN                9     FREEZING RAIN              0
LT FREEZING RAIN          0     HAIL                       2
HEAVY SNOW                0     SNOW                       1
LIGHT SNOW                1     SLEET                      0
FOG                      11     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE      0
HAZE                     15

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

          ...WICHITA EXPERIENCES 6TH DRIEST APRIL ON RECORD...

APRIL HAS BEEN PREDOMINANTLY DRY...SO MUCH IN FACT...THAT THE 0.53
INCH MEASURED AT MID-CONTINENT AIRPORT MADE THE 2014 EDITION THE 6TH
DRIEST ON RECORD IN WICHITA`S 125-YEAR CLIMATE HISTORY. IF IT HADN`T
BEEN FOR THE 0.39 INCH MEASURED ON THE 2ND THEN THIS WOULD HAVE BEEN
WICHITA`S DRIEST APRIL ON RECORD. WICHITA`S NORMAL APRIL RAINFALL IS
2.59 INCHES.

======================================================================

THE FOLLOWING ARE WICHITA`S TEN DRIEST APRILS SINCE 1889:

RANK  YEAR  AMOUNT (INCHES)
1ST:  1963       0.22
2ND:  1989       0.23
3RD:  1893       0.25
4TH:  1981       0.38
5TH:  1895       0.40
6TH:  2014      *0.53*
7TH:  1953/1937  0.57
9TH:  1936       0.58
10TH: 1987       0.61

======================================================================

THE FOLLOWING ARE WICHITA`S TEN WETTEST APRIL`S SINCE 1889:

RANK  YEAR  AMOUNT (INCHES)
1ST:  1944      12.42
2ND:  2009       9.94
3RD:  1942       7.08
4TH:  1945       6.79
5TH:  1951       6.33
6TH:  1940       6.15
7TH:  1922       6.12
8TH:  1999       6.02
9TH:  1901       5.83
10TH: 1976       5.57

======================================================================

NO DOUBT THE PATHETIC APRIL PRECIPITATION HAD SIGNIFICANT
AMIFICATIONS. THE TWO GREATEST WERE AN EXTREME GRASSLAND FIRE DANGER
AND DUST STORMS.

                       "SMOKE GETS IN YOUR EYES"

THE DEARTH OF MOISTURE ACTUALLY DATES BACK TO EARLY FEBRUARY...WHEN
THE 2ND OF TWO WINTER STORMS HIT THE AREA ON THE 10TH. SINCE THEN
GENERALLY NO MORE THAN 2 INCHES HAD BEEN RECEIVED ACROSS
SOUTH-CENTRAL KANSAS... AND WITH WINDS FREQUENTLY REACHING 30 TO 40
MPH SUSTAINED WITH GUSTS AROUND 45 MPH...THE GROUNDS DRIED QUICKLY.
THIS GREATLY ELEVATED THE GRASSLAND FIRE DANGER INTO THE "EXTREME"
CATEGORY...PROMPTING THE RED FLAGS TO BE HOISTED ON MANY OCCASIONS.
THERE WERE INSTANCES IN WHICH THE SMOKE WAS QUITE PUNGENT...BUT THIS
ALSO PRODUCED SOME BRILLIANT SUNSETS.

ALTHOUGH SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS WERE INFREQUENT...THE ATMOSPHERE WAS
ACTIVE NONE-THE-LESS AS INTENSE CYCLONES...BOTH AT THE SURFACE AND
ALOFT...LED TO MANY WINDY DAYS AND NIGHTS.

THE WIND MACHINE OPERATED AT "FULL THROTTLE" ON THE 23RD AND THE
28TH.

ON THE 23RD...DISSIPATING THUNDERSTORMS COMBINED WITH STIFF
SOUTHERLY 30 TO 35 MPH WINDS TO PRODUCE 60 TO 70 MPH GUSTS ACROSS
SOUTH-CENTRAL KANSAS. A DUST STORM RESULTED THAT...IN SOME
CASES...RESTRICTED VISIBILITIES TO AROUND 1 MILE. A TRACTOR TRAILER
WAS OPVERTURNED ON I-70 11 MILES EAST OF SALINA.

ON THE 28TH...THE DUST STORMS PROVED FATAL. ONE PERSON WAS KILLED ON
HIGHWAY 56 SEVEN MILES WEST OF GREAT BEND WHEN THE DRIVER OF A
CADILLAC ESCALADE STRUCK THE REAR OF A SEMI THAT HAD STOPPED.

======================================================================

THE FOLLOWING ARE WINDS THAT REACHED OR EXCEEDED 50 MPH:

ON THE 23RD:

TIME     LOCATION               SPEED (E=ESTIMATED M=MEASURED)
815 PM   5 WSW GREAT BEND       M58 MPH
1014 PM  WICHITA MID-CONTINENT  M59 MPH
1019 PM  4 N WELLINGTON         M62 MPH
1029 PM  4 N WELLINGTON         M69 MPH
1045 PM  1 SE SALINA            E65 MPH

ON THE 28TH:

315 PM   1 N GREAT BEND         M58 MPH
415 PM   GREAT BEND AIRPORT     M61 MPH
455 PM   GREAT BEND AIRPORT     M62 MPH
502 PM   HUTCHINSON AIRPORT     M56 MPH
633 PM   5 N DERBY              M58 MPH
702 PM   6 S MAIZE              M52 MPH

======================================================================

TREE AND POWER LINE DAMAGE OBVIOUSLY RESULTED THAT IN A FEW INSTANCES
BLOCKED ROADS AND HIGHWAYS.

THE ONLY SIGNIFICANT SEVERE THUNDERSTORM ACTION OCCURRED ON THE 2ND
WHEN GOLFBALL AND TENNISBALL-SIZED HAIL PELTED MUCH OF THE AREA. THE
LARGEST HAIL OCCURRED ACROSS SOUTH-CENTRAL AND SOUTHEAST KANSAS.
HAIL AROUND THE SIZE OF TENNISBALLS PUMMELED IOLA AND 5 MILES WEST
OF MULVANE WHERE MANY WINDSHIELDS WERE BROKEN AT THE KANSAS STAR
CASINO. THE ONLY TORNADO THAT OCCURRED WAS A LITTLE GUY THAT BRIEFLY
TOUCHED DOWN 5 MILES SOUTHWEST OF ELK CITY IN CHAUTAUQUA COUNTY.

EPS/ADK

$$



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