Climatological Report (Monthly)
Issued by NWS Wichita, KS

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000
CXUS53 KICT 011056 CCA
CLMICT

CLIMATE REPORT...CORRECTED
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WICHITA KS
555 AM CDT MON AUG 1 2016

...................................

...THE WICHITA EISENHOWER NATIONAL CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF JULY 2016...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1888 TO 2016

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH             113   07/14/1954
 LOW               51   07/13/1975
                        07/05/1972
HIGHEST           105   07/23                        100  07/28
                        07/22                             07/24
                                                          07/18
LOWEST             67   07/15                         63  07/08
                        07/02                             07/07
AVG. MAXIMUM     94.5              92.3     2.2     91.6
AVG. MINIMUM     72.8              69.8     3.0     72.7
MEAN             83.6              81.1     2.5     82.2
DAYS MAX >= 90     26              20.0     6.0       21
DAYS MAX <= 32      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MIN <= 32      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MIN <= 0       0               0.0     0.0        0

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM        13.37   1950
 MINIMUM         0.05   1975
TOTALS           9.67              3.32    6.35     7.40
DAILY AVG.       0.31              0.11    0.20     0.24
DAYS >= .01        11               7.3     3.7        9
DAYS >= .10         7               5.0     2.0        8
DAYS >= .50         4               2.2     1.8        5
DAYS >= 1.00        3               1.0     2.0        2
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    7.10   07/02 TO 07/03

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL            0.0   0
                        0
                        0
TOTALS            0.0               0.0     0.0      0.0
SINCE 7/1         0.0               0.0     0.0      0.0
SNOWDEPTH AVG.      0                MM      MM        0
DAYS >= 1.0         0               0.0     0.0        0
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH         0   MM                             0  MM
 24 HR TOTAL      0.0   07/31 TO 07/31               0.0

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL       0                 0       0        0
 SINCE 7/1          0                 0       0        0
COOLING TOTAL     588               497      91      543
 SINCE 1/1       1204               962     242     1115
.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              10.7
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    62/330    DATE  07/14
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    80/330    DATE  07/14

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)    0
AVERAGE SKY COVER           0.40
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR            9
NUMBER OF DAYS PC             19
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY          3

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     64

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM             12     MIXED PRECIP               0
HEAVY RAIN                5     RAIN                       5
LIGHT RAIN               12     FREEZING RAIN              0
LT FREEZING RAIN          0     HAIL                       0
HEAVY SNOW                0     SNOW                       0
LIGHT SNOW                0     SLEET                      0
FOG                      11     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE      1
HAZE                      2

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

...STRONG TORNADOES STRIKE GREENWOOD COUNTY AT NIGHT ON THE 7TH...

...JULY STARTS OFF WITH A `BANG` AS NUMEROUS SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS
   CAUSE SERIOUS FLOODING IN CENTRAL AND SOUTH-CENTRAL KANSAS...

FOR RESIDENTS OF CENTRAL AND SOUTH-CENTRAL KANSAS, THE JULY 4TH
WEEKEND STARTED OFF WITH A `BANG` AS SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS PUT ON A
"FIREWORKS SHOW" OF THEIR OWN.

ON THE 2ND AND 3RD, NUMEROUS THUNDERSTORMS, MANY OF WHICH WERE
SEVERE, INUNDATED MUCH OF CENTRAL AND SOUTH-CENTRAL KANSAS WITH
TORRENTIAL RAINS. HARDEST HIT WERE SEDGWICK, BUTLER AND RENO
COUNTIES WHERE SEVERAL AREAS WERE DELUGED BY 4 TO 8 INCHES, MOST OF
WHICH OCCURRED ON THE 2ND. IN WICHITA, A FEW LOCATIONS RECEIVED
AROUND 9 INCHES!

THE TREMENDOUS RAINFALL NO DOUBT CAUSED MAJOR FLOODING AND FLASH
FLOODING THAT WAS SO SERIOUS THAT PEOPLE WERE STRANDED IN THEIR
VEHICLES AND HAD TO BE RESCUED IN PARTS OF THE WICHITA METRO AREA.
IN SOME AREAS, THE FLOODS REACHED AROUND 2 FEET DEEP. IN SOUTHEAST
WICHITA, 3 PEOPLE NEEDED TO BE RESCUED WHEN THEIR VEHICLE WAS SWEPT
OFF A ROAD 3 MILES EAST/SOUTHEAST OF MCCONNELL AIR FORCE BASE. IN
NORTHEAST WICHITA, MAJOR FLOODING IMPACTED MULTIPLE HOMES IN KECHI.

AT EISENHOWER AIRPORT, THE 5.72 INCHES MEASURED ON THE 2ND NOT ONLY
WASHED OUT THE RECORD OF 2.04 INCHES THAT HAD BEEN SET FOR THE DATE
IN 1989, BUT IT WAS ALSO THE 6TH GREATEST CALENDAR DAY RAINFALL IN
WICHITA`S 128-YEAR CLIMATE RECORD. THE 7.10 INCHES THAT DRENCHED
EISENHOWER AIRPORT IN A 24-HOUR PERIOD BRIDGING THE 2ND AND 3RD
ALONE WAS EVEN GREATER THAN WICHITA`S 10TH WETTEST JULY ON RECORD!
IN 1929, WICHITA`S JULY RAINFALL WAS 7.08 INCHES.

THE 10 GREATEST 1-DAY RAINFALLS ON RECORD FOR WICHITA ARE:

      INCHES    DATE
1ST:  10.31  09/12/2008
2ND:   6.82  06/08/1923
3RD:   6.03  04/22/1944
4TH:   5.79  10/31/1998
5TH:   5.78  09/26/1999
6TH:   5.72  07/02/2016**
7TH:   5.53  08/15/1938
8TH:   5.10  04/26/2009
9TH:   4.76  06/05/1916
10TH:  4.73  09/07/1911

THE 8.40 INCHES THAT HAD BEEN MEASURED UP TO AND INCLUDING THE 15TH
HAD ALREADY GUARANTEED THAT 2016 WOULD FINISH NO LOWER THAN 4TH ON
THE ALL-TIME WETTEST JULYS ON RECORD. THE 2016 EDITION WOULD JUMP TO
2ND PLACE ON THE 28TH WHEN SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS, WHICH WHIPPED THE
WICHITA METRO AREA WITH 60 TO 85 MPH WINDS, PRODUCED AN ADDITIONAL
1.03 INCHES AT EISENHOWER AIRPORT. SCATTERED LIGHT RAIN THAT VISITED
WICHITA ON THE 29TH AND 30TH BROUGHT THE JULY TOTAL TO 9.67 INCHES.

THE FOLLOWING ARE WICHITA`S 10 WETTEST JULYS:

1ST:   13.37 INCHES IN 1950
2ND:    9.67 INCHES IN 2016**
3RD:    9.22 INCHES IN 1962
4TH:    8.46 INCHES IN 1922
5TH:    7.69 INCHES IN 2013
6TH:    7.46 INCHES IN 1904
7TH:    7.40 INCHES IN 2015
8TH:    7.38 INCHES IN 1959
9TH:    7.19 INCHES IN 1958
10TH:   7.08 INCHES IN 1929

                  ...RIVERS `RISE TO THE OCCASION`...

WITH SO MUCH RAINFALL, RIVERS ACROSS SOUTH-CENTRAL KANSAS CERTAINLY
`ROSE TO THE OCCASION`. AMONG THEM WERE THE ARKANSAS AND LITTLE
ARKANSAS, THE WALNUT, AS WELL AS THE COW AND COWSKIN CREEKS. MOST OF
THE FORECAST POINTS ON THESE RIVERS ROSE ABOVE FLOOD STAGE. IN A FEW
CASES, MODERATE FLOODING RESULTED. ON THE MORNING OF THE 3RD, THE
LITTLE ARKANSAS WASN`T SO LITTLE AT ALTA MILLS WHEN AND WHERE THE
RIVER REACHED INTO "MODERATE" FLOOD COUNTRY WITH A STAGE OF 25.5
FEET. MODERATE FLOODING ALSO OCCURRED ON THE ARKANSAS RIVER WHERE
OXFORD REACHED AROUND 22 FEET AND ARKANSAS CITY 18.5 FEET.

"HOLY `COW`! IT`S STILL IN FLOOD?"

THE TREMENDOUS RAINFALL DEFINITELY HAD A PROFOUND EFFECT ON THE COW
CREEK IN HUTCHINSON. THE STAGE SATURDAY MORNING WAS ONLY 3.4 FEET.
THE CREEK REACHED FLOOD STAGE, 9.5 FEET, LATE SUNDAY MORNING THEN
WOULD GO INTO MODERATE FLOOD VERY EARLY MONDAY MORNING. THE CREEK
WOULD REMAIN IN MODERATE FLOOD UNTIL VERY EARLY THURSDAY MORNING AND
WOULDN`T DROP BELOW FLOOD STAGE UNTIL LATE THURSDAY AFTERNOON. MANY
STREETS IN HUTCHINSON WERE FLOODED.

ALL OR PARTS OF 7 COUNTIES WOULD BE UNDER FLOOD AND/OR FLASH FLOOD
WARNINGS FOR 2 OR 3 DAYS. ONE COUNTY, RICE, WOULD BE UNDER A FLOOD
WARNING FOR NEARLY A WEEK, UNTIL SATURDAY AFTERNOON, THE 9TH.

          ...SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS PAY FREQUENT VISITS...

THE WIDESPREAD THUNDERSTORMS THAT CAUSED SUCH SERIOUS FLOODING AND
FLASH FLOODING DURING THE JULY 4TH WEEKEND ALSO PACKED NASTY WINDS,
ESPECIALLY IN SEDGWICK AND BUTLER COUNTIES. WINDS FROM 60 TO 80 MPH
ROARED THROUGH BOTH COUNTIES ON THE 2ND. MANY LARGE TREES WERE
DAMAGED; AMONG THEM WERE A FEW THAT WERE UPROOTED. IN BUTLER COUNTY,
AN OUTBUILDING WAS DESTROYED, AND A CAMPER AND PROPANE TANK WERE
BLOWN OVER. IN A FEW AREAS, FIREWORKS TENTS WERE LEVELED.

      ...GREENWOOD COUNTY STRUCK BY RARE JULY STRONG TORNADO...
DURING THE EVENING OF THE 7TH, A SEVERE THUNDERSTORM ERUPTED OVER
SOUTHERN CHASE, NORTHEAST BUTLER AND NORTHWEST GREENWOOD COUNTIES.
A COUPLE MORE SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS WOULD THEN QUICKLY DEVELOP. BOTH
BECAME TORNADIC AS THEY MOVED EAST, THEN QUICKLY SOUTHEAST FURTHER
INTO GREENWOOD COUNTY. THE SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS SPAWNED 4 TORNADOES.

THE FIRST, THAT TOUCHED DOWN IN EXTREME SOUTHEAST CHASE COUNTY, WAS A
LITTLE GUY THAT LASTED ONLY 15 SECONDS BUT THE SECOND AND THIRD
TORNADOES THAT STRUCK GREENWOOD COUNTY WERE SIGNIFICANT. THE SECOND
TWISTER WOULD BE THE STRONGEST OF THE NIGHT AND WOULD JOIN AN ELITE
"TORNADO FRATERNITY".

THE TORNADO BEGAN 13 MILES NORTHWEST OF EUREKA AT 910 PM. LASTING 33
MINUTES, THE TORNADO HAD A TRACK 6.7 MILES LONG THAT TERMINATED JUST
UNDER 6.5 MILES NORTHWEST OF EUREKA. THE TORNADO WAS MASSIVE AS IT
REACHED 3/4 OF A MILE WIDE. IT LEVELED A HOUSE 9 MILES NORTHWEST OF
EUREKA, WHICH RESULTED IN THE TORNADO`S RECEIVING A "HIGH END" EF3
RATING. THIS WAS ONLY THE 5TH F3/EF3 TORNADO TO OCCUR IN KANSAS IN
JULY SINCE 1950. WITH MAXIMUM ROTATIONAL VELOCITIES AT 165 MPH, THE
TWISTER VERY NEARLY ACHIEVED AN EF4 RATING. THIS WOULD HAVE MADE THIS
THE FIRST EF4 TORNADO TO OCCUR ANYWHERE IN KANSAS IN JULY!

THE FOLLOWING IS THE LIST OF THE F3/EF3 TORNADOES TO STRIKE KANSAS IN
JULY SINCE 1950:

        DATE        COUNTY/COUNTIES         TRACK
                                       LENGTH   WIDTH
                                       (MILES) (YARDS)
1)  JULY 15TH, 1956: LINCOLN            6.00     880

2)  JULY 20TH, 1956: ANDERSON           69.5     880
                     ALLEN
                     CRAWFORD

3)  JULY 20TH, 1958: WALLACE            3.30     700  **3 INJURIES**

4)  JULY 13TH, 2015: RICE               5.32     350
                     RENO

5) *JULY 7TH, 2016:  GREENWOOD          6.70    1320*

THE THIRD TORNADO BEGAN AT 948 PM JUST 1 MILE NORTHWEST OF EUREKA.
LASTING 9 MINUTES, THE TORNADO HAD A TRACK ONLY 3.67 MILES LONG BUT
IT STRUCK DOWNTOWN EUREKA. WITH ROTATIONAL VELOCITIES THAT REACHED
135 MPH, IT RECEIVED AN EF2 RATING. CONSIDERING THAT EUREKA TOOK A
DIRECT HIT, ESPECIALLY AT NIGHT, ITS EXTREMELY FORTUNATE THAT THERE
WERE NO INJURIES OR FATALITIES.

THE FOURTH TORNADO WAS A LITTLE GUY THAT TOUCHED DOWN BRIEFLY IN
NORTHWEST WILSON COUNTY.

ON THE 13TH, SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS TORE THROUGH CENTRAL KANSAS EARLY
IN THE MORNING WITH WINDS FROM 60 TO 80 MPH. RUSSELL AIRPORT MEASURED
A 77-MPH GUST. A GRAIN BIN WAS DAMAGED AS WAS A SCOREBOARD.

ON THE MORNING OF THE 14TH, SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS INVADED SOUTH
CENTRAL KANSAS, INCLUDING THE WICHITA METRO AREA, WITH 60 TO 80 MPH
WINDS. AT EISENHOWER AIRPORT, AN 80 MPH GUST WAS MEASURED DURING THE
RUSH HOUR. NO DOUBT, TREE DAMAGE WAS WIDESPREAD AND SIGNIFICANT WITH
MANY POWER LINES AND POWER POLES DOWNED OR SNAPPED.

ON THE 28TH, SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS PLOWED THROUGH CENTRAL AND SOUTH
CENTRAL KANSAS FROM LATE IN THE AFTERNOON UNTIL LATE THAT EVENING.
ALTHOUGH HAIL AT TIMES WAS VERY LARGE, THERE WERE 2 REPORTS OF 2 TO
2.5 INCH SPECIMENS IN RENO COUNTY, WIDESPREAD DAMAGING WINDS POSED
BY FAR THE GREATEST THREAT. SPEEDS RANGED WILDLY FROM 60 TO 85 MPH.
HARDEST HIT WERE WICHITA AND SURROUNDING AREAS.

JULY WAS DEFINITELY AN ACTIVE MONTH AND WAS CERTAINLY ONE FOR THE
RECORD BOOKS, BOTH IN TERMS OF TORRENTIAL RAINS AND TORNADOES. IF
THE HOUSE THAT HAD BEEN LEVELED 9 MILES NORTHWEST OF EUREKA BEEN
ANCHOR-BOLTED, THE EF3 TORNADO THAT STRUCK IT WOULD`VE BECOME THE
FIRST F4/EF4 TORNADO TO STRIKE KANSAS IN JULY. SO FAR, 12.50 INCHES
OF RAIN HAVE BEEN MEASURED AT EISENHOWER AIRPORT THIS SUMMER. FOR
2016 TO JOIN THE "TEN WETTEST SUMMERS" CLUB, WE WILL NEED TO MEASURE
4.47 INCHES OF RAIN IN AUGUST AT EISENHOWER AIRPORT.

METEOROLOGICAL SUMMER RUNS FROM JUNE 1ST TO AUGUST 31ST.

$$

ES


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